US2116549A - Telegraph system - Google Patents

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US2116549A
US2116549A US6815A US681535A US2116549A US 2116549 A US2116549 A US 2116549A US 6815 A US6815 A US 6815A US 681535 A US681535 A US 681535A US 2116549 A US2116549 A US 2116549A
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circuit
sequence
transmitters
contact
transmitting
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US6815A
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Walter J Zenner
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AT&T Teletype Corp
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Teletype Corp
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04JMULTIPLEX COMMUNICATION
    • H04J3/00Time-division multiplex systems
    • H04J3/16Time-division multiplex systems in which the time allocation to individual channels within a transmission cycle is variable, e.g. to accommodate varying complexity of signals, to vary number of channels transmitted
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L5/00Arrangements affording multiple use of the transmission path
    • H04L5/22Arrangements affording multiple use of the transmission path using time-division multiplexing

Description

1938. w. .1. ZENNER 2,116,549
TELEGRAPH SYSTEM Original Filed Feb. 16, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 H5 6 ma INVENTOR j WQLTEE J.ZEN/VEP I BY ATTORN May 10, 1938 w J ZENNER 2,116,549
TEIJEGRAPH SYSTEM Original Filed Feb. 16, 1935 2 Shecs-Sheef 2 INVENTOR WAL 7E0 J ZEN/V62 ATTCR Y Patented May 10, 193a PATENT OFFICE TELEGRAPH SYSTEM Walter J. Zenner, Des Plaines, liL, assignor 'to Teletype Corporation, Chicago, 11]., a corporation of Delaware Application February 16, 1935, Serial No. 6,815
Renewed August 25, 1937 23 Claims.
This invention pertains to telegraph systems in which transmission is impressed on a single telegraph circuit froma plurality of transmitters,
. either successively or in any desired sequence.
The principal object of the present invention is the provision of a telegraph system involving a single signalling channel and a plurality of transmitters arranged for the eificient operation of the signalling channel at its maximum capacity by automatically associating the transmitters with the signalling channel in a selected sequence;
A feature of the invention is the provision of a telegraph system having a single signalling circult with a switching mechanism responsive to a local signalling condition established by an operator for automatically and in predetermined sequence connecting a plurality of transmitters operated by a control form with the signalling circuit.
According to another feature of the invention, a plurality of transmitters controlled by a corresponding number of operators are arranged to be connected in a definite order with a single signalling channel through the operation of a step-by-step switching mechanism controlled by an added perforation inserted in the transmitter control form by each operator after the perforation of a certain length of control form, which determines the moment of switching from one transmitter to another, but which does not result in the loss of any appreciable line transmission time.
The above and .other objects of the present 33 invention are achieved by providing a single signailing channel extending from a transmitting point where there is located a plurality of separate and distinct transmitting devices including individual'tape transmitters and start-stop dis- 40 tributors. The tape transmitters, as is common practice in telegraph operation, are controlled by a control tape carrying perforations indicative of a message to be transmitted, and a switching control perforation prepared by the operator assigned to each transmitter for determining the moment of switching one transmitter from the channel and connecting another transmitter thereto. Switching of the transmitters is effected through a step-by-step sequence 50 switch mechanism having a control magnet responsive to the added control perforation accompanying the message perforations of a trans- "mitter then transmitting to the channel to condition the circuits for transmitting from another 55 transmitter, which are completed when the previously effective transmitter has completed its cycle of operation incident to the transmission of the character represented by the code perforations in the tape adjacent the added. control perforation, thus insuring the complete trans- 5 mission of the last character of the message being transmitted from the then effective transmitter.
The invention also embodies mechanism for disabling any transmittingunit or units, yet re- 10 taining the switching operation between the effective units to provide continuous transmission over the signalling channel. In addit ionf'a supervisory unit may be used for monitoring the several transmitting units to insure equal distribu- 15 tion of messages from the various transmitting units.
The invention will be more fully understood by the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which, 20
Fig. 1 illustrates diagrammatically a system involving a plurality of transmitting units to be connectedautomatically in a certain sequence to a. single telegraph channel, and
Fig. 2 shows the equipment of the monitor sta- 25 tion and when placed to the right of and ad- -jacent Fig. l, the entire system is shown.
Referring to Fig. 1 illustrating the apparatus at the transmitting station, four transmitting units 6, l, 8, and 9 are shown with transmitting 3 unit 6 operatively connected to line conductor 46. Unit 6 comprises an automatic tape-controlled transmitter Il associated with a transmitting distributor l2 of start-stop type whose operating or non-operating condition is controlled by stop cam I 3 and start magnet it, there being associated with magnet I4 a taut-tape switch l5 for stoppingthe distributor l2 when the slack supply of perforated tape is exhausted. There is provided also in connection with the transmitter II a sixth contact element IE which responds to a change-over perforation in a sixthrow or in an ultra-coda] position in the controlling tape as prepared by a keyboard perforator,
there being code perforations arranged in five to 'an individual transmission unit and. each set of cams becoming operative at a certain angular position of cam shaft 2| so that as cam shaft 2| rotates into and through its several angular positions, it causes its cam sets to render effective in turn each of the several transmitter units, unless by operation of means provided for that purpose a transmission unit has been modified to render it non-operating and non-responsive to control by its set of sequence cams.
Shaft 2| has eight angular stop positions, two of which pertain to transmitter unit 6, the first position of'cam shaft 2| being shown in the drawings, wherein cam contacts 24, 25, and 26 are closed. Contact 24 connects ground through relay contact 2'l to winding of starting magnet l4 and taut tape switch l5 to grounded battery, thus energizing magnet l4 to withdraw its armature from cam |3 to permit transmitting distributor l2 to rotate continuously. Contact 25 connects a control magnet 28 in,the sequence switch mechanism over a common conductor 29 through cam contact 25 and relay contact 3| to a contact 32 associated with the sixth contact element IS in automatic transmitter ll of unit 6 in readiness for closure of the described circuit as a local changeover signal in response to an ultra-codal perforation controlling the element l6. Contact 26 connects ground through relay contact 33 and winding of relay 34 to battery 35, Fig. 2, for forming a holding circu t r rela 34. (,ontr l oi the sequence switch including shaft 2| and cams 22 and 23 may be-exercised by unit by means of contact element l6 which, in its operated position closes a local circuit to be traced from battery through winding of stepping magnet 28, conductor 29, cam contact 25, relay contact.3 I contact 32, and contact element l6 to ground, thus energizing magnet 28. Magnet 28 operates its armature and its armature carrier, withdrawing front pawl 36 of its armature carrier from a tooth of escapement ratchet 31 and permitting ratchet 3lcarried by shaft 2| to rotate through about 30 degrees of angle by power derived from geared motor 38, acting through friction clutch 33, the escapement ratchet being then stopped by engagement of. a ratchet tooth with back pawl 40 of the armature carrier. ever, remains energized. A 30-degree stop of cam shaft 2| just described will cause cam 22 to permit contact 24 of cam 22 to open its circuit, yet will retain closed the contacts 25 and 26 of cam 23, thus removing ground connection from magnet |4 which releases its armature to prepare a stop condition for cam l3 and distributor l2 at the end of the. current code transmission cycle.- Further control of the sequence switch is exercised by unit 6 when in due course of cyclic operation of the automatic transmitter II the tape i'eelers thereof are withdrawn from the controlling tape and contact member |6 thereby is restored, opening the engagement between it and its contact 32 to break the local circuit above described, deenergizing magnet'28 and causing it to release its armature and armature carrier to permit spring 42 to withdraw pawl 40 from a tooth of escapement ratchet 31 and to move pawl 36 into the path of a succeeding tooth of escapement ratchet 31, thus permitting shaft 2| ,to make a further rotary step which first causes cam 23 of unit 6 to open its contacts 25 and 26 and then continues its rotation to complete a quarter revolution and to bring its cams into proper angular Magnet 28, howposition to close all of the cam contacts pertaining to transmitting unit I.
The unit 6 is associated with its companion units 1, 8, and 3 by a common supply of positive or marking battery through resistor 44 and by a series transmission circuit extending from positive or marking battery through resistor 44, segment 45, brush and ring of distributor l2 of unit 6 and in series through a similar distributor in each of units 1, 8, and 9 to line conductor 46, then through contact members 41 and 46 of switch 49, Fig. 2, contact members 50 and 5| of switch 52, and local line conductor 53, and through a plurality of repeating line'relays 54 to ground, the repeating line relays 54 operating to repeat the signals of local line conductor 53 into outgoing service line conductors 55. Also unit 6 is associated with units 1, 8, and 9 by a common supply of negative or spacing battery through resistor 56 connected to a common conductor 51 whence a branch path extends through relay contact 58 to "start segment 58 at unit '6, and a similar branch may be traced at each of units I, 8, and 9. The contacts of automatic transmitter I at unit 6 are supplied with marking and spacing current over branch conductors extending from distributor segments 45 and 59 respectively, and similarly in units 1, 8, and 3.
When relay 34 is deenergized', three relay contacts are closed. Contact 6| closes to shunt the distributor l2. Contact 62 closes to provide a busy-test path from sequence cam contact 24 to sequence cam contact 25 so that when sequence cams 22 and 23 close contacts 24 and 25 with relay 34 deenergized, a passing circuit immediately is formed from magnet 28 over common conductor 29, cam contact 25, relay contact 62,
- and cam contact 24, energizing magnet 28 to permit sequence shaft 2| to advance 30 degrees. when cam 22 will break contact 24, thereby deenergizing magnet 28 and permitting sequence shaft 2| to pass without stopping its angular positions which pertain to unit 6. Contact 63 closes to prepare a chain stop circuit for the sequence mechanism.
Relay contacts 6|, 62, and 63 are repeated for units I, B,'and 9, the four contacts 63 being connected in series to form a contact chain circuit extending from ground at unit 6 through contacts 63 at units 6, I, B, and 8 to contact 64 and magnet 28 of the sequence mechanism and to grounded battery. When all relay contacts 63 are closed by reason of all transmission units being removed from service condition and all relays 34 thereby are deenergized, the chain'stop circuit will become effective, the last effective transmission unit to deenergize its magnet 34 will have closed relay contact 62 at all transmission units, thus causing magnet 28 to become energized, thereby closing contact 64 and completing the chain stop circuit which will hold magnet 28 energized and will hold shaft 2| stopped,
As has been noted, each of the four units 6, 1. I
8, and 8 is provided with an automatic tape-controlled transmitter I! and each such station has a keyboard perforator of well known construction for forming in a tape a series of code perforations representing the ,niessage and controlling the transmitter II but modified by addition of a. special'key for perforating an added ultracodal record or perforation to control contact element I 6, Fig. 1.
A plurality of sets of lamps 69 have each one lamp for each operating unit and a condition which renders a unit operable also causes all lamps identified with that unit to glow, each lamp being connected by a conductor directly to,
contact 24 of the unit to which the lamp pertains.
A suflicient number of sets of lamps are provided to enable every operator to determine the unit then transmitting;
Operation of the described transmission units is as follows:
Beginning operation The condition of awaiting beginning of trans"- mission is as shown in -the drawings, except that.
key 4| at unit 6 and corresponding keys 9|, 92, and 93 at units 1, B, and 9 are open, relay magnet 34 at unit 6 and corresponding magnets 94, 95, and 96 at units 1, 8, and 9 are deenergized, commutator l2 at unit 6 and corresponding commutators 91, 98, and 99 at units 1, 9, and 9 are, in non-operating condition, and magnet 20 is energized through contacts 64 and relay chain contacts 63. Shaft 2| rests at an angular position degrees after quadrature from its position shown in the drawings, because magnet 20, energized by the chain circuit, is holding' escapement pawl 40 in engagement with a tooth of escapement wheel At the beginning of operation, four operators at units 6, 1, 8, and 9 begin operating their keyboard perforators to provide slack tape and immediately thereafter close their switches 4|, 9|,
92, and 93. Assuming that switch 4| is first to close, it will close an obvious circuitto energize relay 34 which will break the relay chain contact circuit at relay contact. 63, unit 6, thus deenergizing magnet 28, which will release its armature to permit spring 42 to withdraw escapement pawl 40 from escapement wheel 31 and to move escapement pawl 36 into the path of a tooth of escapement wheel 31. By operation of its armature, magnet 29 will permit sequence shaft 2| to move to its angular position shown, corresponding to energized relay 34, where a circuit will be completed from battery through taut-tape contacts I5 now closed because a supply of slack tape is available, through winding of starting magnet I4, relay contact 21 now closed and cam contact 24, to ground, and this closed circuit by energization of starting magnet and attraction of its armature will release the stop cam I3 and will cuit' will cause reenergization of magnet 29 and withdrawal of escapement pawl 36 to permit further rotation of escapement ratchet 31 and shaft 2| through an angled 30 degrees when short cam I04 will permitcam contact I03 to open, interrupting the passing circuit last traced and deenergizing magnet 29 to remove pawl 40 and substitute pawl 36 in the path of teeth of escapement wheel 31, thus clearing the escapement means to permit shaft 2| to rotate into quadrature from its position shown in the drawings, in which position it causes cams I06 and I01 to close cam contacts I09, I09 and I I0 of unit 9. A passing" circuit now is formed for unit 9 move 30 degrees out of quadrature'which causes cam I06 topermit contact 0 to open the passing circuit last traced, deenergizing magnet 26 to remove pawl 4 and substitute pawl 36 in the path of teeth of escapement wheel 31, permitting shaft 2| to rotate into its position shown in the drawings, to close cam contacts 24, 25, and'26, whereupon a starting circuit for magnet I4 will be closed, as described in last paragraph above herein. i
Immediately thereafter other switches 4| will be closed by their operators, each switch energizing its associated relay 34 but with no other immediate effect. I
The condition of the apparatus of the structure now is as shown in the drawings, with all relays 34, 94, 95, and 96 energized and with magnet |4 energized and distributor I2 operating at unit 6.
Transferring transmission to another unit After a period of time in accordance with operating instructions, each of the operators will insert in the tapea changeoversignal by means of the special key in the perforator and will continue the work of perforating tape for messages to be transmitted. It is necessary that this changeover perforation be recorded in the tape ina position corresponding to the last code ofa message to be transmitted so that changeover of the sequence devices from one unit to another unit shall occur between successiveme'ssages as recorded in the tape which is being abandoned. Instructions for changeover record in the tape therefore provide for the changeover perforation being made in association with the last code perforations of the last message which is being perforated for transmission before changeover. When at the operating unit the changeover record is sensed by the contact member I 6, a changeover circuit is closed to be traced from battery through winding magnet 29, conductor 29, cam
contact 25, relay contact 3|, transmitter contact 32, and transmitter element l6 to ground, energizing magnet 29 to remove pawl 36 and substitute pawl 40 in the path. of teeth of escapement ratchet 31, thus permitting shaft 2| to rotate through an angle of 30 degrees where the shaft 2| stops. Cam 22 will have permitted sequence contact 24 at the operating unit 6 to open the controlling circuit of starting magnet I4, thus deenergizing that magnet to permit its armature to rest against the smooth edge of. cam I3 through the remainder of the cycle of one code transmis- ,sion,the'further sequence contacts 25 and 26 remaining closed. When later in the cycle of transmission and substantially at the end of the transmitting code cycle the contact member I6 is restored to its normal position shown, the changeover circuit. over common wire 29,will be broken by contact member I6 and the stepping magnet 28 will be deenergizedto release' its armatureand permit withdrawal of pawl 40 and substitution of pawl 36 in the teeth of escapement ratchet 31 to permit sequence shaft 2| to move energized relay 94 and distributor 91 of unit 1. At this time while shaft-2| is in motion through into its next operating position corresponding to its sixty-degree step, the notch in cam l3 will move under the released armature of magnet I4 and will engage the armature and stop the distributor l2. Immediately thereafter another set of cam contacts' I l4, 5, and] |8 will be engaged and operated by thesequence device, thereby closing an operating circuit through contact 4 and starting magnet ll! of unit I from which unit thereafter transmission will be effected until a changeover perforation is engaged to controlthe contact member ||8 in the then operating unit and so on through all operating units in sequence and in repetition of sequence.-
It will be noted that the time required for of transfer depends in part upon the angular speed of the sequence shaft 2! while in motion and in part upon the angle through which that shaft must revolve, the design intended being such that with a minimum angle of shaft 2| from the preceding unit to the next unit shall be more than one code cycle of time and with a minimum excess time, since the excess time represents a slight delay between codes when changing. over. Should the next unit in order of sequence be not available because ofopen conditions of its manual key 4|,the greater angle through which sequence shaft 2| must turn will only lengthen delay during changeover. With all transmitting stations attended by operators and with all relays 34 energized for operation in sequence, the loss of line time on line 46 due to shift of control from unit to unit will be but a fraction of a code cycle for each changeover operation.
Removing a unit from service i opened. The opening of the switch 4| has no immediate eflect because the relay 34 remains energized over a circuit from battery 35, Fig. 2, resistor [4, manual switch 1|, conductor 12, winding of relay 34, and thence through relay contact 33 and sequence-contact 26. to ground, so that the operator when opening manual switch 4| does not effect immediately the energization of relay 84 which is continued by currents through the path of relay contact 33 and sequence contact 26 to ground. Transmission by distributor |2 continues until the recorded changeover signal reaches transmitter II and effects the operation of contact member l6 which, as described above, causes sequence shaft 2| to rotate through 30 degrees, and later upon return of contact member l6 to normal permits sequence shaft 2| to rotate through an additional 60 degrees. This last rotation of sequence shaft 2| effects the opening Discontinuing transmission At theend of the transmission from all units,
the four operators leave the units 6,"|, 8, and 8 one by one in the manner described above for leaving one station. temporarily, the only difference being that as the last of the four relays 34, 84, 85, .and 96 is deenergized, it closes the circuit of chain contacts through contact 63, which energizes magnet 28 through contact 84 and stops rotation of sequence shaft 2|.
Monitor system -A monitor system is provided, Fig. 2, in which a transmitting set l4 may be similar to units 6, I,
8, and 8. It is not connected to the sequence device. A set of monitor lamps 68 keeps the monitor operator advised of the identity of the transmitting unit which is operating and by the change of illumination'from lamp to lamp keeps the operator advised'of the progress of the sequence device. A manual key I4 connected between ground and conductor I5 permits the monitor operator to stop the operation of the sequence device in the manner described for stopping that device by thechain circuit of contacts 83 and 64. For each of the transmission units 6, 1, 8, and 9 v there is provided at the monitor station Fig. 2 a
resistor I8 and a manual key N, connected to a common battery 35 so that by opening the manual key I I the corresponding relay 34 may immediately be deenergized which, as will be seen, will close a passing circuit as above described for magnet 28 of the sequence device, from battery through magnet 28, common wire 29, sequence contact 25, relay contact 62 of deenergized relay 34, and sequence contact 24 to ground, thus passing the sequence device to the next service transmission unit and arbitrarily removing a transmission unit from service.
Motor set In is provided with a local operating circuit from battery through resistor 16, through contact members l1 and 18 of reversing switch 49, contact members 18 and 80 of sequence,
switch 52, transmission circuit of set I, and contact members 8|, 82 of switch 52, through receiving printer 88 to ground. By operating the reversing" key 48 to its alternative position, a
printer 83 without operating relays 54 and repeating signals into lines 55, this condition being suitable for test before the beginning of transmission for the day, and the relays 54 being controlled meanwhile bya circuit from battery through resistor I6 and switch elements 11, 85, 50, 5| to line 58 and relays 54, and to ground. Should the monitor operator desire to connect the set In into the operating system including distributors I2, 81, 98, 88 and relays 54, he may do so by operating the series key 52 into its alternative position, thereby producing a path from wire 46 through switch elements 41, 48, 5'4, 86, dis"- tributor of set Ill, switch elements 8|, 81, to conductor 63 and relays 54. Meanwhile a holding circuit is provided for receiving printer 88 from battery, through resistor I6, and switch elements l1, l8, 18, 88 and magnet of printer 88 to ground. It will be seen that the monitor operator controls the entire system from a desk, controlling the sequence system by key 14, conmitters, a' sequence switch, a sequence starting trolling each service transmitter station indi'yidually by keys H, observing the operation of the entire system by lamps I3, testing the entire central oflice system by the reversing key 49 without disturbing its service lines, and cutting set ll into the general service. system by series key 52. It will be noted that by key 49 the monitor set may be connected into the entire central ofllce system and communication establishedwith any portion of that system, it being assumed that receiving printers are connected into the wire 46 at all points where they are likely to be required and that the monitor operator may do thiswithout disturbing the circuits 55 which run to subscribers stations, or on the other hand, the transmitting set may be connected into the general system by key 52 so that communication with the outlying substations oi the system to which service is being rendered as well as to all points within the central ofllce may be effected.
The system of the invention provides also for transmission of messages of unusual'importance,
sometimes called "flash messages," from the -monitor's transmitting set l0 without deranging the routine of, the transmission sets 6, I, 8, and 9.
Desiring to transmit a flash message to the lines 55, the monitor operator closes stop key 14, opersignal, the monitor operator may close the stopkey 14 and then open the key among keys II which pertains to the lamp then glowing in the set of lamps 69. This stops all transmission from units 5, I, 8, and 9 and the monitoroperator then may transmit immediately the urgent message, thereafter opening the stop key II and closing the manual key ll, restoring the units 6, I, 8, and 9 to normal condition, except for the detail that the monitor operator in opening the key ll may have broken a message or may have mutilated a code cycle of impulses. The damage, if any, may
be ascertained by observing a home tape or central oflice record copy of the transmission supplied over lines 55 and a correction message may be sent subsequently to lines 55 if found necessary.
Although the invention has been described in connection with a specific form thereof, it will be understood that it has further. applications and is not intended to be limited in scope by the em bodiment shown herein for illustration.
The invention claimed is: 1. In a telegraph system, a plurality of transmitters, a sequence switch for rendering said transmitters effective in rotation, a" starting circuit for said sequence switch'extending from said sequence switch to all of said transmitters, and tape controlled switches one 'at 'each of said transmitters for closing said starting circuit.
2. In a telegraph system, a plurality of transmitters, a sequence switch for operating said magnet in said sequenceswitch, a sequence start- I 7 ing circuit extending from said transmitters to said sequence starting magnet, and starting cir-- cuits extending from sequence contacts of said sequence switch to all of said starting magnets.
4. In a telegraph system, a plurality of transmitters, starting magnets in each of said transmitters, a sequence switch, a sequence'control circuit extending from said transmitters to said sequence switch, and starting circuits extending from sequence contacts of said sequence switchto all of said starting magnets.
5. In a telegraph system, a plurality of transmitting units for transmitting code signals, a line over which said units may transmit code signals, conditioning circuits for conditioning said units for transmitting, a distributor for closing only one at a time of said conditioning circuits, a starting circuit for said distributor, and switches in said units and operable by an operating unit while said operating unit is transmitting an eflective code signal to said line for closing said starting circuit.
6. In a telegraph system, a plurality of transmitting units for transmitting code signals, a
line over which said units may transmit code 1 signals, conditioning circuits for conditioning said units for transmitting, a distributor for closing only one at a time of said conditioning circuits, a control circuit for said distributor, and means in said units .and operable by an operating unit whilesaid operating unit is transmitting an ef-.
ating unit while said operating unit is transmitting an effective code signal to said line for closing said starting circuit.
8. The'method of operating a plurality of transmitters and a stepping sequence switch to a trans- .switches in said units and operable by an opermissionline having receiving printers connected thereto which comprises, transmitting from one transmitter to line a succession of printing codes and while transmitting to line a'printing code generating locally an electric impulse to step the sequence switch and making the step of the sequence switch at the end of the transmission of the printing code, and changing the connection from one transmitter to another transmitter in a time period less than the time period of a printing code.
9. The method of operating a plurality of transmitters and a sequence switch to a transmission line having receiving printers connected thereto which comprises, transmitting from one transmitter to line a succession of printing codes,
setting up changeover conditions while transmitting to line a printing code, and making the step of the sequence switch at the end of the transmission of the printing code and in a time period less than the time period of a printing code.
10. The method of operating a plurality oftransmitters anda sequence switch to a transsaid connection from one transmitter to another transmitter in a time period less than the time period of a printing code.
11. In a telegraph system, a plurality of transmitters, a sequence switch for conditioning said transmitters one by one to transmit effective printing code combinations of signals, a circuit closable, and means operable by one of said transmitters while transmitting an efiective printing code combination of signals for closing said circuit for controlling said sequence switch to decondition the said one of Said transmitters and to condition another of said transmitters.
12. In a telegraph system, a distributor, a plurality of printing code transmitters, means for establishing a control signal, and distributor con-' trol means responsive to said control signal generated by one of said transmitters while transmitting a printing code for changing said distributor from one to another of said transmitters.
13. In a. telegraph system, a distributor, a plu' rality of printing code transmitters, means for establishing a control signal, and means responsive to-said control signal generated by one of said transmitters while transmitting a printing code and effective for changing said distributor between successive effective codes from one to another of said transmitters in a time period less than the transmission period of one code.
14. In a telegraph system, a line circuit, a plurality of tape controlled code transmitting devices, a sequence switch for conditioning one at a time of said transmitting devices, and a local circuit from a conditioned transmitting device to said sequence switch controlled by an ultracodal perforation for controlling said sequence switch to decondition said conditioned transmitting device. 1
15. In a telegraph system, a circuit, a plurality of transmitters for said circuit, rotary starting means common to said transmitters and effective to start only one of said transmitters at a time,
and means at each transmitter for causing said rotary means to pass said last mentioned transmitter inefiectively.
16. In a telegraph system, a circuit, a plurality of transmitters for said circuit, rotary starting means common to said transmitters and efiec:
tomatically in rotation, a monitor transmitter,
and means at said monitor transmitter for stopping transmission from said service transmitters at the end of a service message and for enabling said monitor transmitter to transmit to said line.
18. In a system for automatic telegraphic 2,116,549.-Walui J. Zenaer, May l0, 1938. Disclaimer filed Corporation.
Letters Patent.
I [Qflic'uzl Gazette May 20, 1941.]
service transmitters to said service line circuit and said source of current to said monitor set or alternatively'for connecting said service transmitters to said monitor set and said source of current to said service line circuit.
. 20. In a system for automatic telegraphic transmission, a service line circuit, a plurality of service transmitters connectible to said service line circuit automatically in rotation, a test cir cuit, a monitor transmitting -set, and reversible switching means for. connecting said monitor transmitter set either into said test circuit or alternatively into said service line circuit.
21. In a telegraph system, a transmission circult, a plurality of transmitting units, each including a distributor and a record reader to-be operatively associated with said line, means for maintaining all of said distributors except one ineffective, a sequence switch for rendering said transmitting units efiective with said circuit, and
means under the control of the record reader of an effective transmitting unit to operate said sequence switch for rendering the distributor of said unit ineffective and for starting the distributor of another transmitting unit.
22. In atelegraphsystem, a transmission line, a plurality of transmitters arranged to be effective for the transmission of intelligence telegraphically over said line, means for generating an electric impulse concurrently with the transmission of intelligence code impluses from a transmitter, and a sequence switch operated in response to the concurrently generated impulse for rendering the then operating transmitter in.- efiective and another transmitter eflective for transmission over said circuit.
23. In a telegraph system, a transmission line,
' a plurality of transmitters arranged to be effective for the transmission .of intelligence telegraphically over said line, means for' generating an electric impulse concurrently with the transmission of intelligence code impulses froma transmitter, means responsive to the concurrently generated impulse, and a sequence switch normally tending to rotate released through the operation of said means for rendering the then 011-- crating transmitter inefiective and another transmitter effective for transmission over said circuit. I WALTER J. ZENNER.
'olscpAmi-zn Des Plaines, I1l. TELEGRAPH Srsrnm. Patent dated April 28, 1941, by theassignee, Teletype Hereby enters this disclaimer to the invention as set forth in claims 15 and 16 of said connection from one transmitter to another transmitter in a time period less than the time period of a printing code.
11. In a telegraph system, a plurality of transmitters, a sequence switch for conditioning said transmitters one by one to transmit effective printing code combinations of signals, a circuit closable, and means operable by one of said transmitters while transmitting an efiective printing code combination of signals for closing said circuit for controlling said sequence switch to decondition the said one of Said transmitters and to condition another of said transmitters.
12. In a telegraph system, a distributor, a plurality of printing code transmitters, means for establishing a control signal, and distributor con-' trol means responsive to said control signal generated by one of said transmitters while transmitting a printing code for changing said distributor from one to another of said transmitters.
13. In a. telegraph system, a distributor, a plu' rality of printing code transmitters, means for establishing a control signal, and means responsive to-said control signal generated by one of said transmitters while transmitting a printing code and effective for changing said distributor between successive effective codes from one to another of said transmitters in a time period less than the transmission period of one code.
14. In a telegraph system, a line circuit, a plurality of tape controlled code transmitting devices, a sequence switch for conditioning one at a time of said transmitting devices, and a local circuit from a conditioned transmitting device to said sequence switch controlled by an ultracodal perforation for controlling said sequence switch to decondition said conditioned transmitting device. 1
15. In a telegraph system, a circuit, a plurality of transmitters for said circuit, rotary starting means common to said transmitters and effective to start only one of said transmitters at a time,
and means at each transmitter for causing said rotary means to pass said last mentioned transmitter inefiectively.
16. In a telegraph system, a circuit, a plurality of transmitters for said circuit, rotary starting means common to said transmitters and efiec:
tomatically in rotation, a monitor transmitter,
and means at said monitor transmitter for stopping transmission from said service transmitters at the end of a service message and for enabling said monitor transmitter to transmit to said line.
18. In a system for automatic telegraphic 2,116,549.-Walui J. Zenaer, May l0, 1938. Disclaimer filed Corporation.
Letters Patent.
I [Qflic'uzl Gazette May 20, 1941.]
service transmitters to said service line circuit and said source of current to said monitor set or alternatively'for connecting said service transmitters to said monitor set and said source of current to said service line circuit.
. 20. In a system for automatic telegraphic transmission, a service line circuit, a plurality of service transmitters connectible to said service line circuit automatically in rotation, a test cir cuit, a monitor transmitting -set, and reversible switching means for. connecting said monitor transmitter set either into said test circuit or alternatively into said service line circuit.
21. In a telegraph system, a transmission circult, a plurality of transmitting units, each including a distributor and a record reader to-be operatively associated with said line, means for maintaining all of said distributors except one ineffective, a sequence switch for rendering said transmitting units efiective with said circuit, and
means under the control of the record reader of an effective transmitting unit to operate said sequence switch for rendering the distributor of said unit ineffective and for starting the distributor of another transmitting unit.
22. In atelegraphsystem, a transmission line, a plurality of transmitters arranged to be effective for the transmission of intelligence telegraphically over said line, means for generating an electric impulse concurrently with the transmission of intelligence code impluses from a transmitter, and a sequence switch operated in response to the concurrently generated impulse for rendering the then operating transmitter in.- efiective and another transmitter eflective for transmission over said circuit.
23. In a telegraph system, a transmission line,
' a plurality of transmitters arranged to be effective for the transmission .of intelligence telegraphically over said line, means for' generating an electric impulse concurrently with the transmission of intelligence code impulses froma transmitter, means responsive to the concurrently generated impulse, and a sequence switch normally tending to rotate released through the operation of said means for rendering the then 011-- crating transmitter inefiective and another transmitter effective for transmission over said circuit. I WALTER J. ZENNER.
'olscpAmi-zn Des Plaines, I1l. TELEGRAPH Srsrnm. Patent dated April 28, 1941, by theassignee, Teletype Hereby enters this disclaimer to the invention as set forth in claims 15 and 16 of
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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2430447A (en) * 1942-06-27 1947-11-11 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Printing telegraph automatic switching system
US2459904A (en) * 1943-12-09 1949-01-25 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Telegraph signal code translator
US2464601A (en) * 1944-09-07 1949-03-15 Ibm Automatic perforated tape reading control system
US2487178A (en) * 1947-06-04 1949-11-08 Martha W C Potts Divided channel telegraph system
US2495682A (en) * 1938-12-30 1950-01-31 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Communication system
US2535471A (en) * 1946-01-15 1950-12-26 Emi Ltd Television transmitter switching apparatus
US2605780A (en) * 1949-12-13 1952-08-05 Shell Dev Automatic tank switcher
US2827511A (en) * 1953-03-31 1958-03-18 Creed & Co Ltd Printing telegraph apparatus
US2862047A (en) * 1955-05-27 1958-11-25 Teletype Corp Sequentially operable transmitting system
US2892881A (en) * 1954-06-04 1959-06-30 British Telecomm Res Ltd Electric telegraph equipment
US3179742A (en) * 1962-05-01 1965-04-20 Teletype Corp Automatic message identification circuit for telegraph machines
US3854660A (en) * 1972-04-26 1974-12-17 Bendix Corp Control system for multiple tape readers in an n/c system

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2495682A (en) * 1938-12-30 1950-01-31 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Communication system
US2430447A (en) * 1942-06-27 1947-11-11 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Printing telegraph automatic switching system
US2459904A (en) * 1943-12-09 1949-01-25 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Telegraph signal code translator
US2464601A (en) * 1944-09-07 1949-03-15 Ibm Automatic perforated tape reading control system
US2535471A (en) * 1946-01-15 1950-12-26 Emi Ltd Television transmitter switching apparatus
US2487178A (en) * 1947-06-04 1949-11-08 Martha W C Potts Divided channel telegraph system
US2605780A (en) * 1949-12-13 1952-08-05 Shell Dev Automatic tank switcher
US2827511A (en) * 1953-03-31 1958-03-18 Creed & Co Ltd Printing telegraph apparatus
US2892881A (en) * 1954-06-04 1959-06-30 British Telecomm Res Ltd Electric telegraph equipment
US2862047A (en) * 1955-05-27 1958-11-25 Teletype Corp Sequentially operable transmitting system
US3179742A (en) * 1962-05-01 1965-04-20 Teletype Corp Automatic message identification circuit for telegraph machines
US3854660A (en) * 1972-04-26 1974-12-17 Bendix Corp Control system for multiple tape readers in an n/c system

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