US2103817A - Apparatus for filling containers - Google Patents

Apparatus for filling containers Download PDF

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Publication number
US2103817A
US2103817A US6957536A US2103817A US 2103817 A US2103817 A US 2103817A US 6957536 A US6957536 A US 6957536A US 2103817 A US2103817 A US 2103817A
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Prior art keywords
spout
means
container
paste
material
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Johnson Bror Emil
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GERH AREHNS MEK VERKST AB
GERH AREHNS MEKANISKA VERKSTAD AB
Original Assignee
GERH AREHNS MEK VERKST AB
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B3/00Packaging plastic material, semiliquids, liquids or mixed solids and liquids, in individual containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, or jars
    • B65B3/04Methods of, or means for, filling the material into the containers or receptacles
    • B65B3/16Methods of, or means for, filling the material into the containers or receptacles for filling collapsible tubes

Description

Dec. 28, 1937. JOHNSON 2,103,817

APPARATUS FOR FILLING CONTAINERS Filed March 18, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Dec. 28, 1937. B. E. JOHNSON APPARATUS FOR FILLING CONTAINERS ZSheets-Sheet 2 Filed March 18, 1936 Iii/14711111! Patented Dec. 28, 1937 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE APPARATUS FOR FILLING CONTAINERS Application March 18, 1936, Serial No. 69,575 In Sweden March 4, 1935 8 Claims.

This invention relates to an apparatus for filling containers, particularly for filling tubes such as collapsible'tubes, with more or less viscous material, for instance paste.

When filling containers, for instance tubes, with a viscous. material such as paste the tubes are usually telescoped onto a spout and then during the'suppl'y' of paste retracted from the spout, and when finishing the paste supply there will arise a string of material between the material supplied to the tube and the material remaining in the spout.

A main object of this invention is to ensure a correctbreaking of said string so as to avoid adherenceof said string to the walls of the container when the latter is at rest or is removed laterally from the filling station.

Another object of this invention is to correctly tear off said string when filling collapsible tubes so as to avoid adherence of part'of said string 7 to the wall of the tube above the levelof material supplied thereto andis squeezing out of the tube end when the latter is sealed on collapsing its end.

Still another object of this invention is to prevent said string of material from adhering to the outside of containers to be filled that'are moved laterally into position at the filling station.

A further object of this invention is to provide means for evenly distributing material when finishing the supply of said material substantially with the view of avoiding squeezing of the material out of collapsible tubes thus filled and thereafter sealed on collapsing their ends.

With these and other objects in view the invention comprehends the construction as hereinafter described and illustrated by way of example in the drawings.

In the drawings: 7

Fig. 1 is an elevational view of the apparatus, partly in section;

Fig. 1a shows a modified shape of a cam of the apparatus of Fig. 1.

Fig. 2 is a section on the line 11-11 of Fig. 1, and

Figs. 3 to 6 show various steps when filling a tube. V

A spout l is turnably connected to a pump housing 16 in which is rotatably journalled a sleeve 2. A piston 3 is pivoted to a connecting rod 4 and reciprocated in the sleeve2. The connecting rod 4 is also pivoted to a double-armed lever 5 which is secured to a 'rotatably journalled shaft 6. The free end of the lever 5 carries a roller 38 and a spring 32 actuating the lever 5 1 presses the roller against a cam disc 1 secured to arotary driving shaft 8. On another cam disc 9 secured to the shaft 8 rides a roller 33 which is mounted on the free end of a double-armed lever II which is pivotally journalled on a shaft lO-and actuated by a spring 34 one end of which is secured to a fixed part of the frame 36 of theap-, paratus. The other end of the lever II is pivotally connected to a link I2 which is in turn pivoted to a clamp 3! adjustably connected to the rod I l. The rod I4 is movable up and down in a guide [3 in the, frame and its upper end is formed with a carrier member l5 for the tube A. The sleeve 2 is formed with a toothed flange H which meshes with a toothed rack l8 which constitutes the, end of a rod 38. The lower, forked 1 end 39 of the rod 38 carries a roller l9 which rides on a cam disc 28 secured to the shaft 8 and the forked end of the rod is guided on shaft 8. The sleeve 2 has an inlet opening 22 and an outlet opening 23 for material.

The lower end of the spout l is contracted exteriorly as well as interiorly and is formed with a gear wheel 24 which meshes with a toothed rack 25 which forms an end of a rod 59. The other end of the rod 59 carries a roller 28 which, by means of a contractile spring 29, is pressed against a cam 26 secured to the shaft 8. The rod 59 is axially movable in the frame 36. The spout I projects into a bore which serves to guide the tube A when the latter is sleeved onto and drawn off the spout l.

The cams I, 9, 20 and 2B are shaped and secured to th eshafts 8 and 8 so as to impart to the piston 3, the carrier I5, the sleeve 2 and the spout I timed movements in a manner hereinafter described.

The tube A is moved laterally in a direction parallel to the shaft 8 by a conveyor into an initial position below the spout l and is sleeved onto said spout by upward movement of the carrier l5 when the roller 33 rides onthe portion I II of the cam 9. Thereafter, thepiston 3 moves to the left and forces a quantity of material, for

ment is at a predetermined position defined by the roller 33 resting on the portion III of the cam 9 the piston 3 will have attained its end position shown in Fig. 1, i. e. supply of paste to the tube is finished. However, the outlet 23 is still open. Now when the roller 32 rides on the portion III-IV of the cam 9 the tube A is moved further downwards into a predetermined position of rest or dwell, and the piston commences a sucking movement to the right when the roller 33 is at IV on the cam 9 so that some paste is drawn upwards within the spout l. The tough paste in the spout will, however, adhere to the paste supplied to the tube A and a paste string C will be formed (Fig. 4) when the roller 33 rides on the first part of the concentric portion IV--V of the cam 9. Then the rack IE will swing the sleeve 2 so that the outlet opening 23 is shut and the inlet opening 22 will register with a supply channel 3| for paste whilst the piston continues its retracting movement to the right, sucking a portion of paste into the sleeve 2.

When the roller 33 rides on the portion IV--V of the cam 9 the tube A occupies the position of rest or dwell above mentioned and the paste string will sink down by its own gravity so that its thinnest cross section moves upwards into the mouth of the spout (Fig. 5) and at the same time the paste string will change its interior struc ture whereby its elasticity is decreased. Since the end of the spout I is contracted interiorly having a width materially smaller than the tube A the said displacement of the smallest cross section of the paste string will be accelerated. At the end of or after having finished the relative- 1y short period of rest or dwell above mentioned the rod 39 is moved axially to turn the gear wheel 24 so that the spout l is rotated and thereby the paste string 0 will be distorted. As the paste string is weakened by this distortion it will be broken off (Fig. 6) when the tube on accelerated movement is lowered into its bottom position. This occurs when the roller 33 rides from V to VI on the cam 9. Thereafter the tube is moved laterally to a sealing device.

By suitably shaping the cam disc 9 it is obviously possible to impart to the tube A a short upward, i. e. reciprocating movement, instead of maintaining it at rest for the short period above mentioned. Such shape of the disc 9a is shown in Fig, 1a as distinguished from the shape of the cam disk 9, Fig. 1, when adapted for a short period of rest. Then the roller 33 rides from IVa to V on a hump 4| on the cam 9a.

By thus timing the movements of the different operating members and adapting the shape of the spout I the paste string C will be torn off within the spout (Fig. 6). The lower part of the torn 01f paste string will fall down and fill the cavity within the paste ring B (Figs. 5 and 6) so that a smooth surface of paste will be obtained in the filled tube. Therefore, at subsequent sealing of the tube the paste will satisfactorily fill up the tube without being squeezed out of the sealing folds. Moreover, there will not arise any long paste string projecting out of the spout l and tending to adhere to the tube when the latter is moved laterally into or out of its position below the spout. Nor will paste stick to the upper part of the inner wall of the tube mantle during the filling operation and then be squeezed out. A small ring D of paste will, of course, adhere to the mouth of the spout I where the latter is in contact with the paste ring B, but this does not involve any inconvenience as the spout end is contracted exteriorly and as the tube A is guided laterally in the bore 40 so that the paste ring D will never touch the tube.

1. In a machine for filling containers, the combination with a filling spout and a carrier for the container, of means for relatively moving said carrier and said spout to position said container around said spout, means providing relative withdrawing movement between said container and spout, means for supplying material through said spout to the container during said withdrawing movement, means for interrupting the supply of material, means for retarding said withdrawing movement at'a predetermined moment after interrupting said supply, and means for thereafter accelerating said withdrawing movement.

2. In a machine for filling containers, the combination with a filling spout and a carrier for the container, of means for relatively moving said carrier and said spout to position said container around said spout, means providing relative withdrawing movement between said container and spout, means for supplying material through said spout to the container during said withdrawal movement, means for interrupting the supply of material, means for stopping said receding movement at a predetermined moment after interrupting said supply, and means for thereafter again starting said withdrawing movement.

3. In a machine for filling containers, the combination with a filling spout and a carrier for the container, of means for relatively moving said carrier and said spout to position said container around said spout, means providing relative withdrawing movement between said container and spout, means for supplying material through said spout to the container during said withdrawing movement, means for interrupting the supply of material, means for stopping and momentarily reversing said withdrawing movement at a predetermined moment after interrupting said supply, and means for thereafter starting again said withdrawing movement.

4. In a machine for filling containers, the combination with a filling spout and a carrier for the container, of means for relatively moving said carrier and said spout to position said container around said spout, means providing relative withdrawing movement between said container and spout, means for supplying material through said spout to the container during said withdrawing movement, means for interrupting the supply of material, means for retarding said withdrawing movement at a predetermined moment after interrupting said supply, means for thereafter relatively turning said spout and said carrier together with the container, and means for thereafter accelerating said Withdrawing movement.

5. In a machine for filling containers, the combination with a filling spout and a carrier for the container, of means for relatively moving said carrier and said spout to position said container around said spout, means providing relative withdrawing movement between said container and spout, means for supplying material through said spout to the container during said withdrawing movement of the spout and carrier together with the container, means for interrupting the supply of material, means for thereafter imparting to said supplying means a sucking movement, means for retarding said withdrawing movement at a predetermined moment after the interruption of said supply, and means for thereafter accelerating said withdrawing movement.

6. In a machine for filling containers, the combination with a filling spout and. a carrier for the container, of means for relatively moving said carrier and. said spout to position said container around said spout, means providing relative withdrawing movement between said container and spout, means for supplying material through said spout to the container during said withdrawing movement, means for interrupting the supply of material, means for thereafter imparting tosaid supplying means a sucking movement, means for retarding said withdrawing movement at a predetermined moment after interrupting said supply, means for thereafter relatively turning said spout and said carrier together with the container, and means for thereafter accelerating said withdrawing movement.

7. In a machine for filling containers, the combination with a filling spout and a carrier for the container, of means for relatively moving said carrier and said spout to position said container around said spout, means providing relative withdrawing movement between said container and spout, means for supplying material through said spout to the container during said withdrawing movement, means for interrupting the supply of material, means for retarding said withdrawing movement at a predetermined moment after interrupting said supply, and means for thereafter accelerating said withdrawing movement, said spout having an exteriorly contracted discharge end.

8. In a machine for filling containers, the combination with a filling spout and a carrier for the container, of means for relatively moving said carrier and said spout to position said container around said spout, means providing relative withdrawing movement between said container and spout, means for supplying material through said spout to the container during said withdrawing movement, means for interrupting the supply of material, means for retarding said withdrawing movement at a predeterminedmoment after interrupting said supply, and means for thereafter accelerating said withdrawing movement, said spout having an interiorly contracted discharge end. 7

BROR EMIL JOHNSON.

US2103817A 1935-03-04 1936-03-18 Apparatus for filling containers Expired - Lifetime US2103817A (en)

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Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2578732A (en) * 1947-12-30 1951-12-18 American Can Co Filling machine with reciprocating pistons operating within reciprocating measuring chambers
US2646190A (en) * 1951-02-03 1953-07-21 Swift & Co Margarine color injector
US2689676A (en) * 1947-12-10 1954-09-21 Jl Ferguson Co Method of measuring and filling accurately determinable amounts of products of widelyvarying character into containers and apparatus for practicing the same
US2702684A (en) * 1950-12-28 1955-02-22 Toledo Scale Co Barrel filler
US2854170A (en) * 1955-09-14 1958-09-30 Nat Dairy Prod Corp Viscous material dispenser
US2965141A (en) * 1954-12-17 1960-12-20 Hoyer Oluf Gudmund Filling machine for a rotary ice-cream brick freezing machine
US2987082A (en) * 1958-10-21 1961-06-06 Corn Products Co Rotary filling machine
US3014620A (en) * 1959-04-20 1961-12-26 Rca Corp Fluid dispensing device
US3047033A (en) * 1960-03-21 1962-07-31 Rosen Sidney Bottle filling apparatus
US3090350A (en) * 1960-05-27 1963-05-21 Clayton Specialties Inc Oiler for dough portions
US3198221A (en) * 1961-10-30 1965-08-03 Orlando Matthew Extrusion apparatus
US3214883A (en) * 1960-11-30 1965-11-02 Omori Shozo Package forming apparatus
US3452512A (en) * 1967-01-03 1969-07-01 Scientific Atlanta Apparatus for packaging
US3782428A (en) * 1970-08-22 1974-01-01 Ayers J And Co Ltd Food dispensing apparatus
DE2933675A1 (en) * 1979-01-29 1980-07-31 Co M I A T S R L Tube contents metering and filling machine - has dose adjusting, stroke control, distributor control and injection nozzle sets working together
US4254806A (en) * 1979-04-25 1981-03-10 Robert M. Elsworth Apparatus for filling caulking tubes in a clean manner
US4467843A (en) * 1980-11-18 1984-08-28 Clinicon Ab Method of operating a metering apparatus for liquid
US4541548A (en) * 1983-08-15 1985-09-17 Red Devil, Inc. Dispenser with sniff device and method
US4830068A (en) * 1986-09-04 1989-05-16 Benz & Hilgers Gmbh Device for the simultaneous quantitative regulated filling of liquid or soft plasticized substances, such as butter, margarine, pastes or the like by means of nozzles into adjacently arranged containers
US4982770A (en) * 1987-08-13 1991-01-08 Shikoku Kokoki Co., Ltd. Apparatus for filling specified amount of liquid
US5095955A (en) * 1987-06-05 1992-03-17 Alcan Deutschland Gmbh Process and a device for the filling of doughy filling material into receptacles
US5232027A (en) * 1990-10-03 1993-08-03 Nissei Co., Ltd. Apparatus for serving soft ice cream or the like
US5775386A (en) * 1996-06-13 1998-07-07 Colgate-Palmolive Company Apparatus and process for filling plural chamber container with flowable materials
US5782384A (en) * 1996-11-05 1998-07-21 Colgate-Palmolive Aligned web in a container
US5849241A (en) * 1996-12-20 1998-12-15 Colgate-Palmolive Company Multichamber container with expanded interior walls
US5941420A (en) * 1997-08-06 1999-08-24 Colgate-Palmolive Company Multichamber container dispensing orifices
US6230935B1 (en) 1995-07-28 2001-05-15 Colgate-Palmolive Company Dual chamber pump dispenser
US20030160073A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2003-08-28 Juan Gispert Casino Dispensing edible frozen products from cartridges
US20100175776A1 (en) * 2007-09-06 2010-07-15 Horst Klaus Method and apparatus for filling tubes in a tube-filling machine

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2689676A (en) * 1947-12-10 1954-09-21 Jl Ferguson Co Method of measuring and filling accurately determinable amounts of products of widelyvarying character into containers and apparatus for practicing the same
US2578732A (en) * 1947-12-30 1951-12-18 American Can Co Filling machine with reciprocating pistons operating within reciprocating measuring chambers
US2702684A (en) * 1950-12-28 1955-02-22 Toledo Scale Co Barrel filler
US2646190A (en) * 1951-02-03 1953-07-21 Swift & Co Margarine color injector
US2965141A (en) * 1954-12-17 1960-12-20 Hoyer Oluf Gudmund Filling machine for a rotary ice-cream brick freezing machine
US2854170A (en) * 1955-09-14 1958-09-30 Nat Dairy Prod Corp Viscous material dispenser
US2987082A (en) * 1958-10-21 1961-06-06 Corn Products Co Rotary filling machine
US3014620A (en) * 1959-04-20 1961-12-26 Rca Corp Fluid dispensing device
US3047033A (en) * 1960-03-21 1962-07-31 Rosen Sidney Bottle filling apparatus
US3090350A (en) * 1960-05-27 1963-05-21 Clayton Specialties Inc Oiler for dough portions
US3214883A (en) * 1960-11-30 1965-11-02 Omori Shozo Package forming apparatus
US3198221A (en) * 1961-10-30 1965-08-03 Orlando Matthew Extrusion apparatus
US3452512A (en) * 1967-01-03 1969-07-01 Scientific Atlanta Apparatus for packaging
US3782428A (en) * 1970-08-22 1974-01-01 Ayers J And Co Ltd Food dispensing apparatus
DE2933675A1 (en) * 1979-01-29 1980-07-31 Co M I A T S R L Tube contents metering and filling machine - has dose adjusting, stroke control, distributor control and injection nozzle sets working together
US4254806A (en) * 1979-04-25 1981-03-10 Robert M. Elsworth Apparatus for filling caulking tubes in a clean manner
US4467843A (en) * 1980-11-18 1984-08-28 Clinicon Ab Method of operating a metering apparatus for liquid
US4541548A (en) * 1983-08-15 1985-09-17 Red Devil, Inc. Dispenser with sniff device and method
US4830068A (en) * 1986-09-04 1989-05-16 Benz & Hilgers Gmbh Device for the simultaneous quantitative regulated filling of liquid or soft plasticized substances, such as butter, margarine, pastes or the like by means of nozzles into adjacently arranged containers
US5095955A (en) * 1987-06-05 1992-03-17 Alcan Deutschland Gmbh Process and a device for the filling of doughy filling material into receptacles
US4982770A (en) * 1987-08-13 1991-01-08 Shikoku Kokoki Co., Ltd. Apparatus for filling specified amount of liquid
US5232027A (en) * 1990-10-03 1993-08-03 Nissei Co., Ltd. Apparatus for serving soft ice cream or the like
US6230935B1 (en) 1995-07-28 2001-05-15 Colgate-Palmolive Company Dual chamber pump dispenser
US5775386A (en) * 1996-06-13 1998-07-07 Colgate-Palmolive Company Apparatus and process for filling plural chamber container with flowable materials
US5782384A (en) * 1996-11-05 1998-07-21 Colgate-Palmolive Aligned web in a container
US5849241A (en) * 1996-12-20 1998-12-15 Colgate-Palmolive Company Multichamber container with expanded interior walls
US5941420A (en) * 1997-08-06 1999-08-24 Colgate-Palmolive Company Multichamber container dispensing orifices
US20030160073A1 (en) * 2000-04-12 2003-08-28 Juan Gispert Casino Dispensing edible frozen products from cartridges
US6732771B2 (en) * 2000-04-12 2004-05-11 Good Humor - Breyers Ice Cream, Division Of Conopco, Inc. Dispensing edible frozen products from cartridges
US20100175776A1 (en) * 2007-09-06 2010-07-15 Horst Klaus Method and apparatus for filling tubes in a tube-filling machine
US8453686B2 (en) * 2007-09-06 2013-06-04 Iwk Verpackungstechnik Gmbh Method and apparatus for filling tubes in a tube-filling machine

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