US2099317A - Dental lavatory - Google Patents

Dental lavatory Download PDF

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US2099317A
US2099317A US117525A US11752536A US2099317A US 2099317 A US2099317 A US 2099317A US 117525 A US117525 A US 117525A US 11752536 A US11752536 A US 11752536A US 2099317 A US2099317 A US 2099317A
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lavatory
bowl
water
rim
spout
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US117525A
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Victor E Schmiedeknecht
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STANDARD SANITARY Manufacturing CO
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STANDARD SANITARY Manufacturing CO
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C17/00Devices for cleaning, polishing, rinsing or drying teeth, teeth cavities or prostheses; Saliva removers; Dental appliances for receiving spittle
    • A61C17/14Dental appliances for receiving spittle, with or without rinsing means therefor, e.g. dental basins, spittoons, cuspidors

Definitions

  • tMy present invention relates to sanitaryfixtures and more especially to a dental lavatory having new and useful features of Construction and operation.
  • Another object of my invention is to provide-*a dental lavatory with a simple but effective vacuum breaking device which, under theconditions herein specificed,- will quickly break any' vaccum which might occur or arise in the watersupply lines, due to the fall inpressure therein below zero, and which would cause contamination when 35 the water valves are opened while the 'water level in' the lavatory ⁇ is high due 'to clogging.
  • a further object of my invention resides in the provision of a vacuum breaking device of simple Construction and i without moving parts which canbeireadily. installed in a dental lavatory--and which .is always readily accessible.
  • Figure 1 is a verticalsection of a dental lavatory inaccordancewith' the present invention taken upon the 'line' II of Figure 3;
  • Fig. 2 is apa'rtial ⁇ 'plan viewof the lavatory of Figure 1 withparts broken away to expose the 55 a vacuum ⁇ break'er;
  • FIG. 3 is a rear elevationalview looking from the right of Figure 1 with the vacuum breaker and associated parts in vertical section taken on lineIII--III of Figure 1.
  • the numeral ill designates a hollow rim preferably, but not necessarily, made of vitreous china or similar material and provided in its inner lower' surface with 10 a plurality of washdown openings Il circumferentially spaced around, the rim.
  • the l bore or passageway ⁇ through the hollow rim is indicated by the numeral z.
  • the numeral !3 indicates a vitreousbowl which is preferably'but-not neces- -l sarily integral with the hollow rim ll) and which is provided at its 'bottom or center with the drain openings l4.
  • the trap-forming vitreous member lil ⁇ 20 Disposed below and extending integrally from said bowl is 'the trap-forming vitreous member lil ⁇ 20 which is 's ubstantially semi-circular in' configuration and in* which water normally 'stands to the level shown in Figure 1.
  • the bottom of the trap-forming member l5 is provided with a drain aperture IS which is normally closed by a suitable-: drain plug IT.
  • seal wall l8 extends downward- ⁇ 'ly from said bowl 'partially into said trap formcorresponding *5 ing member
  • ⁇ A-c vitreous web designated by the numeral 20 serves to guide Water spilling over from said' trapway into an outlet or discharge orifice ZI which leads to a sewer or other waste'educt'zz.
  • "Another vitreous web designated by numeral ⁇ 23 extends 5 from the under side of said rim Ill and completes the formaticn of said outlet and'educt.
  • vitreous wall 24 which terminates in a'right-argled vitreous flange'25. 40
  • This wall is centrally provided with an aperture 26 adapted' to receive the spout member 21.
  • this'spout which may be made' of metal, is tubular and exteriorly threaded at'28' on its rearward end, A non-metallic gasket 29 is placed over 'said end and abutting the inner surface of said wall 24 and a tension nut 30-is screwed onto said spout to hold the same firmly in position.
  • flange-like portions 3l, 32 provided on said spout as shown.
  • a v I vacuum breaker which is designated as a whole by the numeral 33.
  • This vacuum breaker consists of a hollow cylindrical body member 34 which tapers com'cally near its lower end at 35 and terminates in a relatively restricted terminal portion 36 which is threaded at 31 on its outer surface and this restricted terminal portion extends at least partially through the upper wall of rim o as shown, the rim wall being provided with an aperture 38 therethrough for this purpose.
  • a litharged spud 39 is set into said rim aperture and is internally threaded for the reception of the restricted terminal portion 36 of the body member 34, spud gasket 40 being interposed between the spud and wall and a somewhat annular thickened portion 4l contiguous to said' restricted terminal portion 36 thus insuring a tight joint without liability of fracturing or chipping the vitreous rim.
  • the spider-shaped member 42 is provided with a depending tubular extension 55 terminating in a concavo-convex annular flange 56. It will be noted that the periphery of this flange approaches but is spaced from the adjacent tapered conical portion 35 of the hollow cylindrical body member 34.' The vertical passageway 41 through the spider also extends through the extension 55 but is reduced or constricted, as shown, near the lower end of said extension.
  • the upper central portion of the spider-shaped member 42 is internally threaded for the reception of a threaded pipe plug 51.
  • Water slip pipe 58 is provided with a slip joint nut 58 by means of which it is connected to water Valve 59 which is threaded at one end to receive said slip joint nut and which is threaded at the other end for the reception of tension 'nut 66 between which and the rear surface of the wall 24 is interposed a gasket member Bl.
  • a suitable valve handle 62 is connected to said valve the stem “of which is provided with an escutcheon 63.
  • is similarly constructed as is indicated by the use of the same numerais on the parts thereof.
  • suitable connecting pipes 64 extend from suitable sources of water supply and pass through suitably provided apertur in, the lavatory as shown at 65 in Figure 3
  • the spider-shaped member consists Normal operation In the normal operation of the lavatory, when the hot and/or cold water valves 59 are opened, the water under normal head flows through slip pipes 56 and 5! into spider 42 where it is tempered and divided, that is, the hot and cold water are mixed, in accordance with the extent to which the respective valves are opened and the mixed or tempered stream is caused to flow partly through spout 21 and partly into hollow rim I! where it discharges for washdown purposes into the bowl
  • the Sewer connection may likewise become clogged or may even back up in some instances and When any or all of, these conditions exist, the water level rises so high' as to fill the bowl above the washdown apertures Il in the rim. This condition may also be accompaned by a temporary fall in the head or pressure of the water supply below zero as not infrequently happens when sudden demand is made i upon the water supply by a large user thereof and/or at a lower level than the lavatory.
  • lavatory is made of vitreous china or other vitreous material, I am not restricted thereto because I may make the lavatory entirely of metal or of any other suitable or available material without departng from the principles and spirit;
  • a dental lavatory comprising a bowl having drain openings therein, a hollow rim superjacent said bowl and provided with washdown openings i communcating with said bowl, a trapway subjacent said bowl and communcating with said bowl via said drain openings, a discharge leading from said trapway, a spout operatively associated with said lavatory and means for irreversibly delivering water to said bowl irrespective of the conditions existing in said bowl and its associated water supply system.
  • a dental lavatory comprising a bowl having drain openings therein, a hollow rim superjacent said bowl and provided with washdown openings communcating with said bowl, a trapway subjacent said bowl and. communcating with said bowl Via said drain openings, a discharge leading from said trapway, a spout operatively associated with said lavatory and means for irreversibly delivering water to said bowl irrespective of the conditions existing. in said bowl and its associated water supply system, said means being constructed to deliver water to said bowl partly through said spout and partly through said hollow rim.
  • a dental lavatory comprising a bowl having drain openings therein, a hollow rim superjacent said bowl and provided With washdown openings communcating with said bowl, a trapway subjacent said bowl and communcating with said bowl via said drain openings, a discharge leading from said trapway, a spout operatively associated with said lavatory and means for irreversibly delivering water to said bowl irrespective of the conditions existing in said bowl and its associated water supply system, said means being constructed to deliver water to said bowl partly through said spout and partly through said hollow rim and including a vacuum breaking device interconnected between said water supply system, said spout and said hollow rim.
  • a dental lavatory comprising a hollow rim having wash-down apertures therein, a bowl below said rim and having drain openings in its bottom, a trapway associated with said bowl and lying below said drain openings, means for delivering water into said rim, said water subsequently passing via the washdown openings and the drain openings to said trapway and thence to a discharge line, and means for preventing delivered Water from passing back into the sources of water supply.
  • a dental lavatory comprising a hollow rim having washdown apertures therein, a bowl integral with said rim and having drain openings 'ing back into the sources of water supply under any conditions.
  • a dental lavatory comprising a hollow rim provided with washdown apertures, a bowl integral with said rim and provided with drain openings, a trapway beneath said bowl and communcating with a discharge, means for delivering water to said bowl, said means being so constructed as to divide the stream of water into two portions, one of which is delivered to the bowl via a spout and the other of which is delivered to the bowl via a hollow rim and its washdown apertures.
  • a hollow rim via which water is adapted to be delivered to said lavatory, a cylindrical body member communcating with said hollow rim, a spider disposed in said cylindrical body member and communcating with sources of water supply, a delivery spout Secured to said spider adapted to deliver a portion of water from said sources to said lavatory, sai-d spider having a depending tubular extension provided with an annular fiange at its lower end and communcating with the sources of water at its upper end, the construction being such that upon clogging of the lavatory and upon the arising of a negative pressure in the water source back siphonage of water from said lavatory is p revented.
  • a lavatory provided with a hollow rim, a spout and means for conducting water to said rim and spout, a vacuum breaking device interposed between said hollow rim, said spout and said sources of water supply whereby when said lavatory is clogged and a negative pressure arises in said water supply the partia-l vacuum thus created' is relieved upon opening the water supply by the sucking of air into said vacuum. breaker and thence into said sources of supply.
  • a lavatory provided with a hollow rim, a spout and means for conducting water to' said rim and spout, a vacuum breaking device interposed between said hollow rim, said spout and said sources of water supply whereby when said lavatory is clogged and a negative pressure arises in said water supply the partial vacuum thus created is relieved upon opening the water supply by the sucking of air into said vacuum breaker and thence into ⁇ said sources of supply, said vacuum breaker comprising a hollow cylindrical body portion provided with a spider having a plurality of air p assages therethrough which communicate with said hollow rim, said spout and said sources of water supply.
  • a dental lavatory of the type described comprising a hollow vitreous rim having annularly spaced washdown openings in the lower inner side thereof, an integral vitreous bowl provided with drain openings at its bottom, a semi-circular trapway disposed belo-w and extending from said bowl, a seal wall project-,ing downwardly from said bowl into said trapway and a dischargeoutlet communcating with said trapway, said hollow rim having an integral upstanding vitreous wall provided with a centrally disposed spout, a hollow cylindrical vacuum breaker body member disposed behind said upstanding wall, a spider shaped member disposed within and Secured to said cylindrical body member, said spider shaped member being provided with a plurality of horizontal tubular arms, said spout being Secured into said body member and spider so as to communicate with one of said tubular arms, water supply passageway, the Construction being such that when the water level in said bowl rises above said washdown openings and when the water supply is opened while a. negative pressure exists in said water supply condu
  • VICTOR E SCHMIEDEKNECHT.

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  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery (AREA)
  • Dentistry (AREA)
  • Epidemiology (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Veterinary Medicine (AREA)
  • Sanitary Device For Flush Toilet (AREA)

Description

2 Shets-Sheet 1 v.. E. SCHMIEEKNECHT DENTAL LAVATORY Filed Dec. 24, 1956 Nov. 16, 1937.
V INVENTOR x v Nov. 16, "1937.
.v. E. SCHMIEDEKNECHT DE NTAL LAVATORY Filed Dec. 24, 1956 2 sheets-sheet`2 INVENTOR Patented Nov. 16, 1937 UNITED STAT-ES PATENT OFF-ICE DENTAL LAVATORY Application December 24, 1936, Serial No. 117525 10 Claims.
tMy present invention relates to sanitaryfixtures and more especially to a dental lavatory having new and useful features of Construction and operation.
' In the every-day use of dental lavatories as now constructed it is not uncommonfor them to become clogged. This clogging may -arise from any one of-a number of sources. The sewer connection may become stopped up or even 'a back flow of water may occur through the Sewer level, the lavatorywill back-siphon into the source of fresh water supply, thereby contaminating the same. So far as I 'am aware, existing lavatories do not provide against such contingencies.
The construction of my new lavatoryis such as to prevent this back-siphonage and contamination and the same accordingly forms one of the objects of my present invention.
Another object of my invention is to provide-*a dental lavatory with a simple but effective vacuum breaking device which, under theconditions herein specificed,- will quickly break any' vaccum which might occur or arise in the watersupply lines, due to the fall inpressure therein below zero, and which would cause contamination when 35 the water valves are opened while the 'water level in' the lavatory` is high due 'to clogging.
A further object of my invention resides in the provision of a vacuum breaking device of simple Construction and i without moving parts which canbeireadily. installed in a dental lavatory--and which .is always readily accessible.
Other andi further objects andadvantagesof this invention reside in the various details of constructionito be hereinafter setvforth and in such other -novelty and iutil-ity as will bez appreciated by, those skilled in this art.
In the accompanying drawings wherein Ihave illustrated a preferred embodiment of mypresent invention:
Figure 1 'is a verticalsection of a dental lavatory inaccordancewith' the present invention taken upon the 'line' II of Figure 3;
Fig. 2 is apa'rtial` 'plan viewof the lavatory ofFigure 1 withparts broken away to expose the 55 a vacuum` break'er; and
(CI. l-263) Fig. 3 is a rear elevationalview looking from the right of Figure 1 with the vacuum breaker and associated parts in vertical section taken on lineIII--III of Figure 1. i
'Similar numerals designate parts in the various views.
` Referring to the drawings, the numeral ill designates a hollow rim preferably, but not necessarily, made of vitreous china or similar material and provided in its inner lower' surface with 10 a plurality of washdown openings Il circumferentially spaced around, the rim. The l bore or passageway` through the hollow rim is indicated by the numeral z. The numeral !3 indicates a vitreousbowl which is preferably'but-not neces- -l sarily integral with the hollow rim ll) and which is provided at its 'bottom or center with the drain openings l4. i\
Disposed below and extending integrally from said bowl is 'the trap-forming vitreous member lil` 20 which is 's ubstantially semi-circular in' configuration and in* which water normally 'stands to the level shown in Figure 1. 'The bottom of the trap-forming member l5 is provided with a drain aperture IS which is normally closed bya suitable-: drain plug IT. seal wall l8 extends downward- `'ly from said bowl 'partially into said trap formcorresponding *5 ing member |5 thus forming a seal passage indicated by the numeral- |9 between said' seal -wall and one side of thetrap forming'member. `A-c vitreous web designated by the numeral 20 serves to guide Water spilling over from said' trapway into an outlet or discharge orifice ZI which leads to a sewer or other waste'educt'zz. "Another vitreous web designated by numeral `23 extends 5 from the under side of said rim Ill and completes the formaticn of said outlet and'educt.
Rising vertically from said rim at one side or end thereof .is the vitreous wall 24 which terminates in a'right-argled vitreous flange'25. 40 This wall, as shown in Figure 2 especially, is centrally provided with an aperture 26 adapted' to receive the spout member 21. `As will be observed from Figure 1, this'spout, which may be made' of metal, is tubular and exteriorly threaded at'28' on its rearward end, A non-metallic gasket 29 is placed over 'said end and abutting the inner surface of said wall 24 and a tension nut 30-is screwed onto said spout to hold the same firmly in position. Proper seating and positioningof o said spout against the outer surface of said` ,wall 24 is assured by the flange-like portions 3l, 32 provided on said spout as shown.
Centrally 'disposed behind said wall `24MS a v I vacuum breaker which is designated as a whole by the numeral 33. This vacuum breaker consists of a hollow cylindrical body member 34 which tapers com'cally near its lower end at 35 and terminates in a relatively restricted terminal portion 36 which is threaded at 31 on its outer surface and this restricted terminal portion extends at least partially through the upper wall of rim o as shown, the rim wall being provided with an aperture 38 therethrough for this purpose. A litharged spud 39 is set into said rim aperture and is internally threaded for the reception of the restricted terminal portion 36 of the body member 34, spud gasket 40 being interposed between the spud and wall and a somewhat annular thickened portion 4l contiguous to said' restricted terminal portion 36 thus insuring a tight joint without liability of fracturing or chipping the vitreous rim. r
Disposed within said hollow cylindrical body suitableaperture 49 for the passage of screw 48 therethrough. Arms 43, 44 are internally threaded near their outer ends for the reception of threaded water slip pipes 50, 5I, suitable apertures 52, 53 being formed in the body member 34 to permit connection of these pipes one of which is connected to a source of cold water and the other of which is connected to a source of hot water. Thethird hollow arm 45 of said spidershaped member is likewise internally threaded near its outer end for the reception of the 'threaded end of spout member 21, heretofore described, and an aperture 54 is provided in hollow cylindrical member 34 to enable this connection to be made.
The spider-shaped member 42 is provided with a depending tubular extension 55 terminating in a concavo-convex annular flange 56. It will be noted that the periphery of this flange approaches but is spaced from the adjacent tapered conical portion 35 of the hollow cylindrical body member 34.' The vertical passageway 41 through the spider also extends through the extension 55 but is reduced or constricted, as shown, near the lower end of said extension. The upper central portion of the spider-shaped member 42 is internally threaded for the reception of a threaded pipe plug 51. i
Water slip pipe 58 is provided with a slip joint nut 58 by means of which it is connected to water Valve 59 which is threaded at one end to receive said slip joint nut and which is threaded at the other end for the reception of tension 'nut 66 between which and the rear surface of the wall 24 is interposed a gasket member Bl. A suitable valve handle 62 is connected to said valve the stem "of which is provided with an escutcheon 63.
Water pipe 5| is similarly constructed as is indicated by the use of the same numerais on the parts thereof. suitable connecting pipes 64 extend from suitable sources of water supply and pass through suitably provided apertur in, the lavatory as shown at 65 in Figure 3 The spider-shaped member consists Normal operation In the normal operation of the lavatory, when the hot and/or cold water valves 59 are opened, the water under normal head flows through slip pipes 56 and 5! into spider 42 where it is tempered and divided, that is, the hot and cold water are mixed, in accordance with the extent to which the respective valves are opened and the mixed or tempered stream is caused to flow partly through spout 21 and partly into hollow rim I!) where it discharges for washdown purposes into the bowl |3 via washdown openings ll. Water from both the rim and the spout drains through drain holes !4 in the bottom of the bowl and passes into trap- `way |5 and thence eventually to the educt 22.
Abnorma operation Since, in connection with dental work, waste material is frequently discharged into the bowl and/or may accidentally fall thereinto, such as dental cement, wads of cotton, and porcelainic materials, etc., it not infrequently happens that the lavatory becomes clogged due to the closing of the drain openings I 4.
some manner passes through the drain holes and accumulates in the trapway. The Sewer connection may likewise become clogged or may even back up in some instances and When any or all of, these conditions exist, the water level rises so high' as to fill the bowl above the washdown apertures Il in the rim. This condition may also be accompaned by a temporary fall in the head or pressure of the water supply below zero as not infrequently happens when sudden demand is made i upon the water supply by a large user thereof and/or at a lower level than the lavatory.
In prior lavatories this creation of a vacuum in the water lines will cause back-siphonage from the bowl into the water supply pipes when the .i
Water valves are opened, thus contaniinating the water supply. Where the lavatory is provided with the present vacuum breaker, however the vacuum Will be broken immediately upon opening. of the water valves by a rush of air from the open# top of the hollowcylindrical body member 34 up through depending spider extension 55, into the hollow spider arms 43, 44 and thence into the water lines. Air alsois sucked in through spout 21 but this alone is not suicient for the purposes my present invention not only embodies advan tages such as those above set forth, but at the same time prevents any unsanitary condition arising in the water supply system from this source and in a building where, for example,
considerable dental operations are carried out from time to time, this is no inconsiderable item. e V i While I have stated that in accordance with the preferred embodimentof my invention the,
lavatory is made of vitreous china or other vitreous material, I am not restricted thereto because I may make the lavatory entirely of metal or of any other suitable or available material without departng from the principles and spirit;
Sometimes' also the i trapway becomes clogged by material that in' .in its bottom, a trapway` formed-integrally with said b'owl'and lying below said' drain openings andvmeans fcradelivering Water into said rimand bowl; said 'means being so constructed and ar- :ranged-as to prevent .delivered water from passof thej'present invention: Likewise,'^I*amnot 1restricted to the `precise details: as described 'and illustrated but I may 'vary therefrom in various particulars .such as sizes, shapes,`and
materials-,so ;long as such are covered by the sub- `joined claims. While I' have also ind-icated that the. preferred embodiment of' my invent-ion' contemplates an integral or unitary rim',"bo`wl, and trapway, I am not restricted: in this particular because such may depend in part upon the particular materials used and in part upon the configuration of the various parts involved. It is, therefore, within the purview of my present invention to make the lavatory of a number of parts as experience and good judgment may dictate and to suitably assemble and connect such parts to produce the complete lavatory.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A dental lavatory comprising a bowl having drain openings therein, a hollow rim superjacent said bowl and provided with washdown openings i communcating with said bowl, a trapway subjacent said bowl and communcating with said bowl via said drain openings, a discharge leading from said trapway, a spout operatively associated with said lavatory and means for irreversibly delivering water to said bowl irrespective of the conditions existing in said bowl and its associated water supply system.
2. A dental lavatory comprising a bowl having drain openings therein, a hollow rim superjacent said bowl and provided with washdown openings communcating with said bowl, a trapway subjacent said bowl and. communcating with said bowl Via said drain openings, a discharge leading from said trapway, a spout operatively associated with said lavatory and means for irreversibly delivering water to said bowl irrespective of the conditions existing. in said bowl and its associated water supply system, said means being constructed to deliver water to said bowl partly through said spout and partly through said hollow rim.
3. A dental lavatory comprising a bowl having drain openings therein, a hollow rim superjacent said bowl and provided With washdown openings communcating with said bowl, a trapway subjacent said bowl and communcating with said bowl via said drain openings, a discharge leading from said trapway, a spout operatively associated with said lavatory and means for irreversibly delivering water to said bowl irrespective of the conditions existing in said bowl and its associated water supply system, said means being constructed to deliver water to said bowl partly through said spout and partly through said hollow rim and including a vacuum breaking device interconnected between said water supply system, said spout and said hollow rim.
4. A dental lavatory comprising a hollow rim having wash-down apertures therein, a bowl below said rim and having drain openings in its bottom, a trapway associated with said bowl and lying below said drain openings, means for delivering water into said rim, said water subsequently passing via the washdown openings and the drain openings to said trapway and thence to a discharge line, and means for preventing delivered Water from passing back into the sources of water supply.
5. A dental lavatory comprising a hollow rim having washdown apertures therein, a bowl integral with said rim and having drain openings 'ing back into the sources of water supply under any conditions.` i
6. A dental lavatory comprising a hollow rim provided with washdown apertures, a bowl integral with said rim and provided with drain openings, a trapway beneath said bowl and communcating with a discharge, means for delivering water to said bowl, said means being so constructed as to divide the stream of water into two portions, one of which is delivered to the bowl via a spout and the other of which is delivered to the bowl via a hollow rim and its washdown apertures.
7. In a dental lavatory of the type described, a hollow rim via which water is adapted to be delivered to said lavatory, a cylindrical body member communcating with said hollow rim, a spider disposed in said cylindrical body member and communcating with sources of water supply, a delivery spout Secured to said spider adapted to deliver a portion of water from said sources to said lavatory, sai-d spider having a depending tubular extension provided with an annular fiange at its lower end and communcating with the sources of water at its upper end, the construction being such that upon clogging of the lavatory and upon the arising of a negative pressure in the water source back siphonage of water from said lavatory is p revented.
8. In a lavatory provided with a hollow rim, a spout and means for conducting water to said rim and spout, a vacuum breaking device interposed between said hollow rim, said spout and said sources of water supply whereby when said lavatory is clogged and a negative pressure arises in said water supply the partia-l vacuum thus created' is relieved upon opening the water supply by the sucking of air into said vacuum. breaker and thence into said sources of supply.
9. In a lavatory provided with a hollow rim, a spout and means for conducting water to' said rim and spout, a vacuum breaking device interposed between said hollow rim, said spout and said sources of water supply whereby when said lavatory is clogged and a negative pressure arises in said water supply the partial vacuum thus created is relieved upon opening the water supply by the sucking of air into said vacuum breaker and thence into` said sources of supply, said vacuum breaker comprising a hollow cylindrical body portion provided with a spider having a plurality of air p assages therethrough which communicate with said hollow rim, said spout and said sources of water supply.
10. A dental lavatory of the type described comprising a hollow vitreous rim having annularly spaced washdown openings in the lower inner side thereof, an integral vitreous bowl provided with drain openings at its bottom, a semi-circular trapway disposed belo-w and extending from said bowl, a seal wall project-,ing downwardly from said bowl into said trapway and a dischargeoutlet communcating with said trapway, said hollow rim having an integral upstanding vitreous wall provided with a centrally disposed spout, a hollow cylindrical vacuum breaker body member disposed behind said upstanding wall, a spider shaped member disposed within and Secured to said cylindrical body member, said spider shaped member being provided with a plurality of horizontal tubular arms, said spout being Secured into said body member and spider so as to communicate with one of said tubular arms, water supply passageway, the Construction being such that when the water level in said bowl rises above said washdown openings and when the water supply is opened while a. negative pressure exists in said water supply condu'ts air is sucked through said i tubular extension and through said spout and is thence transmitted to said water supply conduits for vacuum breaking purposes.
VICTOR E. SCHMIEDEKNECHT.
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2848721A (en) * 1955-11-10 1958-08-26 Crane Co Spray-rinse sink construction
US3774245A (en) * 1970-04-15 1973-11-27 P Greppi Modular sanitary fixture
US3842448A (en) * 1973-03-29 1974-10-22 S Kahn Apparatus for recycling a fluid for use in a dental cuspidor
US20070056092A1 (en) * 2005-09-12 2007-03-15 John Prather Swirl sink and method of use
US20150264917A1 (en) * 2014-03-20 2015-09-24 Biomet Biologics, Llc Cell Washing Device Using Non-Mechanical Fluid Vortex Flow

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2848721A (en) * 1955-11-10 1958-08-26 Crane Co Spray-rinse sink construction
US3774245A (en) * 1970-04-15 1973-11-27 P Greppi Modular sanitary fixture
US3842448A (en) * 1973-03-29 1974-10-22 S Kahn Apparatus for recycling a fluid for use in a dental cuspidor
US20070056092A1 (en) * 2005-09-12 2007-03-15 John Prather Swirl sink and method of use
US20150264917A1 (en) * 2014-03-20 2015-09-24 Biomet Biologics, Llc Cell Washing Device Using Non-Mechanical Fluid Vortex Flow
US9713327B2 (en) * 2014-03-20 2017-07-25 Biomet Biologics, Llc Cell washing device using non-mechanical fluid vortex flow

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