US209468A - Improvement in automatic toys - Google Patents

Improvement in automatic toys Download PDF


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US209468A US209468DA US209468A US 209468 A US209468 A US 209468A US 209468D A US209468D A US 209468DA US 209468 A US209468 A US 209468A
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    • A63H11/00Self-movable toy figures
    • A63H11/18Figure toys which perform a realistic walking motion


3 Sheets-Sheen 1.

A. J. A Autom Toy.

No. 209,468. Patented O ct. 29,187.8.

3 Sheets-Sheet;

A. J. DAVIS. Automatic-Toy.

Patented Oct. 29,1878..

3 Sheets-Sheet 3.

A. J. DAVIS. Automatic-Toy.

No. 209,468. Pafen'fed oct- 29, 187s.





Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 209,468, dated October 29, 1878 application filed July 26, 1878.

ffo all whom it may concern: Y

Be it known that I, ANDREW J. Davis, of Allegheny city, in the county of Allegheny and State of Pennsylvania, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Ghilds Toys 5 and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying the automaton being accomplished through the medium of a series of levers and a double compound crank-shaft operated by clock-work or other motor.

To enable others skilled in the art to which my invention is most nearly connected to make and to use it, I will proceed to describe its construction and operation.

In the accompanying drawings, which form part of my specication, Figure 1 is a side elevation of an automaton-horse attached to a buggy, in the seat of vwhich is a figure representing a driver. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the automaton-horse, representing a portion of the body removed, for the purpose of showing the arrangement of the levers, cranks, and operating mechanism. Fig. 3 is a top View or plan of the operating mechanism. Fig. 4 is a top view or plan of a portion of the operating mechanism, representing the arrangement of the parts for giving a pacing movement to a second horse, and when arranged and coupled together, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4, one horse will have a trotting movement and the other a pacing movement. Fig. 5 represents the crank-shaft used for imparting the necessary Vmovement for pacing, and the dotted lines 00"' represent the arrange- `ment of the crank-shaft when two horses are coupled together, both having the trotting l movement.

part, D, of each of the fore legs, at 18, is attached a lever, 17, the upper end of which,

at 16, is attached to a lever, 12, pivoted at 13 to lever 4, which is pivoted at 8 and connected at 6 to lever 5, which is connected to the outer wrist of the crank-shaft f" at 7. To the upper end of the fore leg B is pivoted, at 3, a lever, 1, which is connected to the inner wrist. 2, of the crank shaft f To the outer wrist of the crank shaft f at 7, is also connected a lever, a, the other end of which is attached to the hind leg G at b; and to the inner Wrist, 2, of the crank shaft f" is. also connected a lever, e, which, at f', is pivoted to a lever, c, which is pivoted at w. To the end of lever c, at d,-is pivoted a lever, g', which is pivoted, at h, to lever m', which is pivoted to the leg C at To the lever m', at L', is pivoted a lever, it', which is pivoted at 'v' to the part e of the hind leg. To the lever m', at h, is pivoted a lever, J', which is pivoted at 7c' to the part of the leg C marked t.

The shaft S is provided with a coil-spring, R, gearwheel r', and a ratchet- Wheel, P, the pawl q of which is pivoted to the gearwheel r'. The gear-wheel 1^' gears into a wheel, t, on the axes of which isa wheel, u, which. gears into a wheel, c", on the crank-shaft f and the wheel e" gears into a wheel, g", on the axes of 19', on which is a wheel, 20, which gears into a wheel, 21, on the axis of which is a retarding-t'a-n, 22. Saidoperating mechanism is arranged in a frame, A', which is secured to the base -board B', to which, at f and m, are pivoted the legs B and 0. The spring R, one end of which is attached to a cross bar, f'", and the other end is attached to the shaft S, by means ot' an ordinary winding-key, can be wound up so as to' impart power to the drivingwheel r', which transmits its power to the other operating mechanism.

B" represents a toy buggy, provided with shafts (1', which is attached to the body of the horse by means of a transverse bar, o". The shafts are pivoted to the body of the buggy at a@ for the purpose of arranging the plane` of the shafts at any desired angle with relation to the bodyof the buggy, whereby the automaton-horse may be made to travel in any desired direction.

The levers hereinbefore described, pivoted and connected to the several parts ofthe legs B and O aud to the operating crank shaft and mechanism, will impart to said legs those movements imitating the peculiar movements ot the several parts of the legs of a horse when trotting or paeil'lg.

By arranging a frame in a second horse,

'which is provided'with a similar arrangement of levers anda crank shaft, the same as the crank-shaft f", and the two crank-shafts connected, as indicated by dotted lines x, between Figs. 3 and 4, the two automaton-horses can be made to travel together, supporting each other 'in an upright position. The motor or clock-Work may be )laced only in one horse, and the horses may ve made to trot or pace simply by `the modification of the crank shaft.

The part-s D and el of the legs B aud C are furnished with elastic hoofs, marked m, constructed of gum or other elastic material. 'lhe hoofs when made thus will give a springy aetion to the legs and avoid the rattling noise of the hoofs on the floor when the horses are traveling.

Having thus described my improvement, 'what I claim as my invention is- A toy horse the fore legs Bof which are jointed at f 7c l, and provided with pivoted levers 17, l2, l0, 4, 5, and 1, and the hind legs C jointed at o n m, and provided With pivoted levers u', g', c, e, and a, all of which are combined with the compound crank-shaft f, operated by clock Work as a motor, substantially as herein described, and for the purpose set forth.




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