US2084173A - Wearing apparel - Google Patents

Wearing apparel Download PDF

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Publication number
US2084173A
US2084173A US60197A US6019736A US2084173A US 2084173 A US2084173 A US 2084173A US 60197 A US60197 A US 60197A US 6019736 A US6019736 A US 6019736A US 2084173 A US2084173 A US 2084173A
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United States
Prior art keywords
back
garment
yoke
member
portion
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US60197A
Inventor
Wexler Louis
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E I du Pont de Nemours and Co
Original Assignee
E I du Pont de Nemours and Co
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Publication date
Application filed by E I du Pont de Nemours and Co filed Critical E I du Pont de Nemours and Co
Priority to US60197A priority Critical patent/US2084173A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2084173A publication Critical patent/US2084173A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D27/00Details of garments or of their making
    • A41D27/28Means for ventilation

Description

June 15, 1937. 1.. WEXLER WEARING APPAREL Filed Jan. 22, 1956 v Ff 4 Louis Wax/er INVENTOR.

ATTORNEY.

Patented June 15, 1937 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE WEARING APPAREL Application January 22, 1936, Serial No. 60,197

1 Claim.

My invention relates to wearing apparel and especially to means for ventilating a jacket or upper.

Many garments are made of'materials which are non-pervious to air or through which it is so difficult for air to pass that proper ventilation of the garments cannot be obtained without special devices for this purpose. This is particularly evident in garments which are wind or moisture proof, for example, jackets which are made of rubberized fabric such as artificial suede and double texture material combined with rubber. Whenever there is a lack of ventilation from any cause moisture'will collect in the un- 5 dergarments and result in .discomfort to the wearer and other disadvantages.

It is among the objects of my invention to provide means for ventilating an upper garment.

Another object of my invention is to provide an improved back construction for garments whereby sufiiclent air can be circulated for ridding the interior of the garment of excessive moisture.

Other objects of the invention will appear in 26 connection with the description thereof which is made in connection with the drawing in which,

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a garment showing its general arrangement,

Figure 2 is a perspective view of the garment showing a portion of the yoke and back of the garment from the inner side,

Figure 3 is a cross sectional view of the garment taken along the line 3--3 of Figure 2, and

Figure 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of the garment with parts broken away.

Figure 5 is a fragmentary and diagrammatic perspective View of the garment taken on the line 5--5 of Figure 4.

An illustrative embodiment of the invention will now be described. The jacket or upper I is made of a double texture material combined with rubber. The outer fabric has a surface finish resembling suede leather and the inner fabric is heavily napped to resemble a fleece.

These fabrics are combined by means of an intermediate layer of rubber which renders the double texture fabric substantially non-porous and moisture proof. The front of the jacket is held together by a fastener 2 which closes the 0 jacket from the bottom to the collar, the latter being designed so that it can be made to fit snugly around the neck and give the maximum of protection to the throat. The bottom of the jacket may be fitted closely around the hips and the sleeves 3 may be reinforced by the band likewise designed and provided with snug fitting cufis 4 to give protection from the elements. In order to provide for necessary freedom of movement to the body, a properly fitted jacket of the kind rests more loosely around the body than at the 5 bottom, top and wrists as shown in Figure 1.

The back portion of the garment is made in the conventional manner or otherwise as desired except that the outer material forming the upper part of the back 5 downwardly a short distance from the collar 6 is cut away leaving an opening bounded by the upper edge of the cut-away back portion In, the collar seam l2, the shoulder seam l3 and the sleeve seams I4.

In the embodiment illustrated, the lower margin ll] of the opening is positioned between the shoulder seam l3 and the back seam 30a of the sleeve and the opening extends from sleeve to sleeve. This gives a large opening, leaving sumcient reinforcement for the remainder of the garment. If desired, the opening can be located so that no seams will constitute the margins. In the latter arrangement, fragmentary margins may serve as reinforcement around the edges of the opening, and if desired, these may be rein forced in well known manner, for example, by binding the edges with stitching or tape.

On the inside, a ventilating member or lining piece I5 is secured over the opening. The lining piece l5 may be sewn or otherwise secured along the margins or seams l2, I3 and I4 and the lower edge IS. A desirable mounting consists of sewing the edges in the seams l2, l3 and I4 and applying an adhesive, indicated by the nueral 32 in Figure 5 along the edge I 6 to adhere the ventilating member to the inside of the back 5, but the edge l6 may be sewn or otherwise attached.

On the outside a secondary back member or yoke 20 is seamed along the lines l2, l3 and I4 so as to overlap the back portion 5. The lower edge 2| of the secondary yoke 20 is not attached all the way across the back. A portion along the edge 2| is unattached so as to permit the entrance of air into and through the ventilating member. A desirable arrangement consists in cutting the lower edge 2| with a slight downward curve from the shoulders so that the curves will meet in the center and form a tab portion or projection 25. Stitching 26 extending through the tab 25, back portion 5 and ventilating member I5 serves to hold these members in place and to reinforce the ventilating member I 5 which is preferably a thin light material. The stitching 26, extending through the outer yoke 20, the back portion of the garment and the lining piece I5, is clearly shown in Figures 3 and 5, which are sectional views of the garment. In order to more clearly illustrate the position of the parts of the 5 garment, the stitching 26 has been omitted from the outer yoke 20, and the outer yoke 20 spaced somewhat away from the other parts of the garment in Figure 3. As will be clear from Figure 5, the upper portion terminating in the'edge ll! of the main back portion 5 of the garment freely extends outside and above its line of at tachment (as by adhesive 32) to the inner member IS a substantial distance, thereby forming a wide upwardly extending flap which, being inside the downwardly extending flap formed by the loose lower edge of the outer yoke 29, c0- operates therewith to assist in the afore-mentioned breathing action.

The overlapping of the back piece 5. on the inside and attachment to the lining or ventilat ing member !5 serves to reinforce the back fabric and hold it in place while the extension of the i yoke member 20 over the outside of 'theback serves to provide an opening for air and to .pre-

' vent the ingress of moisture.

A desirable ventilating efiect is provided by bringing the line lllsomewhat above the point of attachment of back seam a of the sleeveso that the edge of the overlapping yoke piece '20 3 30 will extend from said point of attachment; When the outer yoke is brought down to this point or thereabout the natural movements of 'the body'in walking causes the unattached edge of the yoke to loosen and tighten across the back thereby causing a breathing action.

The inner member 15 is preferably mounted with openings or eyelets 30 to provide for unobstructed passage of air. Eyelets' may be desirably mounted by attaching a patch 31 on the lining member l5 as shown in Figure 4. The patch- 31 serves as a reinforcement .for the lining member l5 and gives a substantial foundation for the eyelets. Anynumber of eyelets consistent with the ventilation desired which does not unduly weaken the lining'member, can be used.

The ventilation is further improved by mounting. eyelets M11 or other means to permit free access of air in the sides of the torso portion,.for example, under the arms. With this arrangement free ingress of air is permitted while .the overlapping sleeve prevents the entrance of water. The air openings under the sleeve cooperate with the openings in the back to give a circulation or breathing and ventilation underneath and between theshoulder blades. Other air conducting passages can be provided instead of eyelets, for example, pieces of porous fabric can be 5 mounted in cut-away portions of the garment, or one piece of highly porous fabric can be used instead of the lining member.

' The inside lining or ventilatingmember I5 may be omitted, especially when the opening is so 10 located that ample marginal material will be present to provide desired strength to the garment. For example, an opening in the back between the shoulder blades leaving ample backm'aterialo'n all sides for strength, with or without 15 a binding. on 1 the I margins, gives good results when the back material is not cut-away as far asthe seams.

As numerous modifications of the above described embodiments may be made without de- 20 parting from myinvention, it is to be understood that I do not intend to limit my invention towthe described embodiments, and no limitations iare intendedin the claim except those'which are imposed by. the prior arii olr' arespecifically 25 recited. l

I claim:

'-A moisture proof jacket having ventilating meansi'ba'cklof the shoulders, said ventilating means-comprising an outer shoulder yoke :mem- .3 her of the same material-as the-main =portion-zof the garment and an inner shoulder yokemember of ventilated material, said outer yoke' being joined tothe remainder of thegarment'alongsthe collar,should'er and rear sleeve seams and' bei-n'g :35 free along the major' portion of its lower-"edge which edge extends across the back of-the garvment'abetween the sleevei'seams, saidiinner'yoke being joined to the remainder. of the-"garment along the collar, shoulder and sleeve seams and go attached to rthe insideof. the main 'ba'ck portion of'theggarment along a substantially straight line extending across the back of theyga'rment between the mid-point 'ofthe-rear sleeve seams,

. the upper edge of the main back.portiori'of the g garment freely extending outside and ab'oyeiits" line of attachment'to the inner-'yoke'a substantial distance thereby forming .a*wide :upwardly extending flap and the outer yoke 'member-zdownwardly overlapping the main back'portion offline, garment asufficient distance to prevent ingress'of moisture.

LOUIS WEXLER.

US60197A 1936-01-22 1936-01-22 Wearing apparel Expired - Lifetime US2084173A (en)

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Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2808588A (en) * 1955-02-21 1957-10-08 Ralph W Persico Armored vest
US2826758A (en) * 1955-12-15 1958-03-18 Kahn Alexander Ventilated clothing and apparatus
US3045243A (en) * 1959-11-16 1962-07-24 Lash Seymour Ventilator for protective garment
US3086215A (en) * 1960-10-26 1963-04-23 Reliance Mfg Company Jacket
DE2316398A1 (en) * 1972-04-17 1973-11-08 Hansen Helly As Protective clothing against toxic substances
US4513451A (en) * 1983-02-22 1985-04-30 Brown Michael A Variable ventilation system for garments
US4608715A (en) * 1985-08-12 1986-09-02 Fitch-Wyckoff International, Inc. Protective garment having variable ventilation entry and exit panels
US5105477A (en) * 1991-02-15 1992-04-21 Intersport Fashions West, Inc. Garment with provision for arm ventilation
US5507042A (en) * 1994-12-05 1996-04-16 Vanson Leathers, Inc. Garment with structural vent
US5704064A (en) * 1994-12-05 1998-01-06 Vanson Leathers, Inc. Garment with structural vent
US5752277A (en) * 1994-12-05 1998-05-19 Vanson Leathers, Inc. Garment with structural vent
US20040158910A1 (en) * 2003-02-13 2004-08-19 Bay Marc A. Hybrid ventilated garment
US6795976B1 (en) * 2003-09-03 2004-09-28 Van Der Sleesen Michael Ventilating panel and pocket assembly for a garment
USD498037S1 (en) 2003-02-13 2004-11-09 Robison's Inc. Jacket
EP1502514A1 (en) * 2003-07-30 2005-02-02 Claude Dufour Light garment
US20050044607A1 (en) * 2003-09-03 2005-03-03 Sleesen Michael Van Der Garment with subpanel ventilation assembly
WO2005032289A2 (en) * 2003-09-03 2005-04-14 Michael Van Der Sleesen Garment with ventilation assembly
US20070245443A1 (en) * 2006-04-11 2007-10-25 Vereen William C Breathable, vented, flame resistant shirt
US20080040832A1 (en) * 2006-08-15 2008-02-21 Robison's, Inc. Ventilated garment
US20090077710A1 (en) * 2007-09-21 2009-03-26 Robison's, Inc. Ventilated double-closure garment
US20100043116A1 (en) * 2006-04-11 2010-02-25 William Vereen Breathable, Vented, Flame-Resistant Shirt
USD618440S1 (en) 2008-07-16 2010-06-29 Parker Synergies, LLC Venting motorcycle jacket
USD620231S1 (en) 2008-07-16 2010-07-27 Parker Synergies Llc Venting motorcycle jacket
USD622937S1 (en) 2008-10-08 2010-09-07 Sullivans, Inc. Jacket with partially attached vest
US8336116B2 (en) 2008-04-28 2012-12-25 Angela Jodie Gomes Seguin Garment closure system
US20130276201A1 (en) * 2012-04-18 2013-10-24 Nike, Inc. Cold Weather Vented Garment
WO2013171477A1 (en) * 2012-05-14 2013-11-21 Berghaus Limited Garment vent
US9038203B2 (en) 2011-08-02 2015-05-26 Lion Group, Inc. Protective garment with vent features
US20160242474A1 (en) * 2015-02-19 2016-08-25 Nike, Inc. Cold-weather apparel item
US20160338435A1 (en) * 2015-05-22 2016-11-24 Nike, Inc. Lower body article of apparel having dynamic vent-slit structure
US20160366963A1 (en) * 2012-04-18 2016-12-22 Nike, Inc. Vented garment
US20170099899A1 (en) * 2015-10-07 2017-04-13 Nike, Inc. Vented garment
US9974346B2 (en) * 2014-03-01 2018-05-22 Puma SE Garment, especially sports garment
US10111480B2 (en) 2015-10-07 2018-10-30 Nike, Inc. Vented garment

Cited By (50)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2808588A (en) * 1955-02-21 1957-10-08 Ralph W Persico Armored vest
US2826758A (en) * 1955-12-15 1958-03-18 Kahn Alexander Ventilated clothing and apparatus
US3045243A (en) * 1959-11-16 1962-07-24 Lash Seymour Ventilator for protective garment
US3086215A (en) * 1960-10-26 1963-04-23 Reliance Mfg Company Jacket
DE2316398A1 (en) * 1972-04-17 1973-11-08 Hansen Helly As Protective clothing against toxic substances
US4513451A (en) * 1983-02-22 1985-04-30 Brown Michael A Variable ventilation system for garments
US4608715A (en) * 1985-08-12 1986-09-02 Fitch-Wyckoff International, Inc. Protective garment having variable ventilation entry and exit panels
US5105477A (en) * 1991-02-15 1992-04-21 Intersport Fashions West, Inc. Garment with provision for arm ventilation
US5507042A (en) * 1994-12-05 1996-04-16 Vanson Leathers, Inc. Garment with structural vent
US5704064A (en) * 1994-12-05 1998-01-06 Vanson Leathers, Inc. Garment with structural vent
US5752277A (en) * 1994-12-05 1998-05-19 Vanson Leathers, Inc. Garment with structural vent
US20050235392A1 (en) * 2003-02-13 2005-10-27 Bay Marc A Hybrid ventilated garment
US20040158910A1 (en) * 2003-02-13 2004-08-19 Bay Marc A. Hybrid ventilated garment
USD498037S1 (en) 2003-02-13 2004-11-09 Robison's Inc. Jacket
US7284282B2 (en) 2003-02-13 2007-10-23 Robison's Inc. Hybrid ventilated garment
US7111328B2 (en) 2003-02-13 2006-09-26 Robison's Inc. Hybrid ventilated garment
EP1502514A1 (en) * 2003-07-30 2005-02-02 Claude Dufour Light garment
US6795976B1 (en) * 2003-09-03 2004-09-28 Van Der Sleesen Michael Ventilating panel and pocket assembly for a garment
WO2005032289A3 (en) * 2003-09-03 2005-07-28 Der Sleesen Michael Van Garment with ventilation assembly
WO2005032289A2 (en) * 2003-09-03 2005-04-14 Michael Van Der Sleesen Garment with ventilation assembly
US6868557B1 (en) * 2003-09-03 2005-03-22 Van Der Sleesen Michael Garment with subpanel ventilation assembly
US20050044607A1 (en) * 2003-09-03 2005-03-03 Sleesen Michael Van Der Garment with subpanel ventilation assembly
US20070245443A1 (en) * 2006-04-11 2007-10-25 Vereen William C Breathable, vented, flame resistant shirt
US8011020B2 (en) 2006-04-11 2011-09-06 Riverside Manufacturing Co. Breathable, vented, flame-resistant shirt
US20100043116A1 (en) * 2006-04-11 2010-02-25 William Vereen Breathable, Vented, Flame-Resistant Shirt
US7578005B2 (en) * 2006-04-11 2009-08-25 Riverside Manufacturing Company Breathable, vented, flame resistant shirt
US7966668B2 (en) 2006-08-15 2011-06-28 Sullivans, Inc. Ventilated garment
US20080040832A1 (en) * 2006-08-15 2008-02-21 Robison's, Inc. Ventilated garment
US8001618B2 (en) 2007-09-21 2011-08-23 Sullivans, Inc. Ventilated double-closure garment
US20090077710A1 (en) * 2007-09-21 2009-03-26 Robison's, Inc. Ventilated double-closure garment
US8336116B2 (en) 2008-04-28 2012-12-25 Angela Jodie Gomes Seguin Garment closure system
USD620231S1 (en) 2008-07-16 2010-07-27 Parker Synergies Llc Venting motorcycle jacket
USD618440S1 (en) 2008-07-16 2010-06-29 Parker Synergies, LLC Venting motorcycle jacket
USD622937S1 (en) 2008-10-08 2010-09-07 Sullivans, Inc. Jacket with partially attached vest
US9038203B2 (en) 2011-08-02 2015-05-26 Lion Group, Inc. Protective garment with vent features
US9526926B2 (en) 2011-08-02 2016-12-27 Lion Group, Inc. Protective garment with vent features
US20130276201A1 (en) * 2012-04-18 2013-10-24 Nike, Inc. Cold Weather Vented Garment
US20170105467A1 (en) * 2012-04-18 2017-04-20 Nike, Inc. Cold weather vented garment
US20160366963A1 (en) * 2012-04-18 2016-12-22 Nike, Inc. Vented garment
US9392825B2 (en) * 2012-04-18 2016-07-19 Nike, Inc. Cold weather vented garment
US10362820B2 (en) 2012-04-18 2019-07-30 Nike, Inc. Cold weather vented garment
US10244804B2 (en) * 2012-05-14 2019-04-02 Berghaus Limited Garment vent
WO2013171477A1 (en) * 2012-05-14 2013-11-21 Berghaus Limited Garment vent
US20130333092A1 (en) * 2012-05-14 2013-12-19 Berghaus Limited Garment Vent
US9974346B2 (en) * 2014-03-01 2018-05-22 Puma SE Garment, especially sports garment
US10349687B2 (en) * 2015-02-19 2019-07-16 Nike, Inc. Cold-weather apparel item
US20160242474A1 (en) * 2015-02-19 2016-08-25 Nike, Inc. Cold-weather apparel item
US20160338435A1 (en) * 2015-05-22 2016-11-24 Nike, Inc. Lower body article of apparel having dynamic vent-slit structure
US10111480B2 (en) 2015-10-07 2018-10-30 Nike, Inc. Vented garment
US20170099899A1 (en) * 2015-10-07 2017-04-13 Nike, Inc. Vented garment

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