US2079660A - Fuel injection pump - Google Patents

Fuel injection pump Download PDF

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Publication number
US2079660A
US2079660A US17637A US1763735A US2079660A US 2079660 A US2079660 A US 2079660A US 17637 A US17637 A US 17637A US 1763735 A US1763735 A US 1763735A US 2079660 A US2079660 A US 2079660A
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United States
Prior art keywords
piston
sleeve
cylinder
fuel injection
end
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US17637A
Inventor
Robert E Olin
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Timken Roller Bearing Co
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Timken Roller Bearing Co
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Publication date
Application filed by Timken Roller Bearing Co filed Critical Timken Roller Bearing Co
Priority to US17637A priority Critical patent/US2079660A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2079660A publication Critical patent/US2079660A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M59/00Pumps specially adapted for fuel-injection and not provided for in groups F02M39/00 -F02M57/00, e.g. rotary cylinder-block type of pumps
    • F02M59/20Varying fuel delivery in quantity or timing
    • F02M59/24Varying fuel delivery in quantity or timing with constant-length-stroke pistons having variable effective portion of stroke
    • F02M59/26Varying fuel delivery in quantity or timing with constant-length-stroke pistons having variable effective portion of stroke caused by movements of pistons relative to their cylinders
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M59/00Pumps specially adapted for fuel-injection and not provided for in groups F02M39/00 -F02M57/00, e.g. rotary cylinder-block type of pumps
    • F02M59/20Varying fuel delivery in quantity or timing
    • F02M59/24Varying fuel delivery in quantity or timing with constant-length-stroke pistons having variable effective portion of stroke
    • F02M59/26Varying fuel delivery in quantity or timing with constant-length-stroke pistons having variable effective portion of stroke caused by movements of pistons relative to their cylinders
    • F02M59/28Mechanisms therefor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M2700/00Supplying, feeding or preparing air, fuel, fuel air mixtures or auxiliary fluids for a combustion engine; Use of exhaust gas; Compressors for piston engines
    • F02M2700/13Special devices for making an explosive mixture; Fuel pumps
    • F02M2700/1317Fuel pumpo for internal combustion engines
    • F02M2700/1388Fuel pump with control of the piston relative to a fixed cylinder

Description

May l1, 1937. R E, CUN 2,079,660

FUEL INJECTION PUMP Filed April 22, 1955 f//s ATTORNEYS.

-vPatented May 1l, 1937' las` PATENT oFFlcE FUEL INJECTION PUMr Robert E. '0lin,V Canton, Ohio, assgnor to The Timken Roller Bearing Company, Canton, Ohio,

a corporation of Ohio Application April 22,

4 Claims.

'Ihis invention relates to fuel injection pumps of the kind having a reciprocating piston that is angularly adjustable in its cylinder to regulate the quantity of fuel delivered. The invention has for its principal object to provide a simple, economical, compact and easy operable arrangement for angularly adjusting the reciprocating piston.

The invention consists in the piston turning arrangement and in the construction, combinations and arrangements of parts hereinafter described and claimed.

In the accompanying drawing, which forms part of this specification and wherein like symbols refer to like parts wherever they occur.

Fig. 1 is a vertical central section through a cylinder of a fuel injection pump provided with a piston turning mechanism embodying my invention,

Figs. 2, 3 and 4 are horizontal sections on the llines 2 2. 3-3 and 4 4, respectively, in Fig.

; and

Fig. is a fragmentary section, similar to Fig. 1, showing a modified arrangement for securing the driven sleeve to the piston.

In the accompanying drawing, my invention is shown .embodied in a fuel injection pump comprising a housing I provided with a: vertical bore 2 having an enlarged lower end portion 2a adapted to slidably receive a tappet sleeve or cup 3 engaged at its lower end by a cam or tappet l on a cam shaft` 5 located in a chamber 6 in the bottom of said housing. A pump cylinder 1, which contains a piston or plunger 8, has an enlarged collar portion 9 that is held down on an annular seat i0 provided therefor in the upper portion of the bore 1 by means of a cylindrical shell II threaded into the upper end of said bore.

A spring-loaded fuel discharge or outlet valve I2 is mounted on the upper end of the pump cylinder 1; and a fuel delivery pipe `or line I3 is secured to the upper end of the shell II by means of a cap nut I4 threaded thereon. Inlet and overflow passageways I5 and I6, respectively,

45 of the cylinder 1. 'I'he inlet passageway I5 is supplied with liquid fuel by the usual feed pump v (not shown) and communicates with an inlet port lia in the wall of said cylinder. The overilow or by-pass passageway I6 communicates with lan overflow port lia in said cylinder opposite the inlet port lia.

The piston 8 is provided with an'annular groove I1 that communicates through a longitudinal peripheral groove I8 with the pressure space above are located in the pump housing on opposite sides 1935, Serial No. 17,637

the piston and has an inclined or helical upper edge whereby the effective delivery stroke of the piston may be regulated by turning the piston in its cylinder to vary the point in the delivery stroke of the piston in which the overflow port I6 is placed in communication with said pressure space through the grooves I1 and I8. By this arrangement, delivery of the fuel begins as soon as the piston on its way up covers the ports I5a and Ilia and ends as soon as the helical upper edge of the annular groove I1 in the piston opens the overflow or by-pass port I6a and relieves the pressure in the space above the piston.

The mechanism for rotatably adjusting the reciprocating piston, to vary the point in which the helical edge of the annular groove I1 in the piston opens the overflow port, comprises axially alined upper and lower driving and driven sleeves I9 and 20 mounted on the lower end portions of the cylinder 1 and piston 8, respectively, and a rack bar 2| mounted in a horizontal slideway in the pump housing and cooperating with a gear 22 formed on the upper end'of said upper or driving sleeve. The upper or driving sleeve I9 is rotatably mounted on the lower end of the cylinder; and the lower or driven sleeve 20 has a rigid connection with the lower end of the piston comprising a square or atsided portion 23 on the piston that ts a similarly shaped opening in the lower sleeve and a pin 2l that extends transversely through said lower sleeve and the squared portion of said piston. The driving connection between' the driving sleeve I9 and the driven sleeve 20 preferably comprises upwardly extending tongues 25 on the driven sleeve that fit within downwardly opening notches 2B provided therefor in the driving sleeve, thereby permitting relative axial movement of the two sleeves but preventing relative rotary movement thereof.

Surrounding the driving and driven sleeves I9 and 20 is a helical spring 21 that serves to retract the piston 8 and to hold the driving sleeve upwardly in the enlarged portion 2a of the vertical bore in the pump housing. The tappet cup 3 surrounds the driven sleeve 20 but is spaced therefrom far enough to accommodate the spring 21. A washer 28 surrounds and supports the driving sleeve I9 below the gear 22 thereon and is held against the underside of an annular shoulder 29 provided therefor in said bore by means of the spring 21. The piston is provided below the bottom of the lower or driven sleeve 20 with an annular groove 30; and a C-washer 3l is mounted on the lower end of said piston with its laterally openingnotch 32 loosely fitting in said annular groove. 'I'he C-washer 3i is of large enough diameterl to form a seat for the lower end of the helical spring 2l; and said washer is provided on its underside with an annular recess adapted to accommodate a replaceable hardened steel button 33 having a convex spherical underside adapted to be engaged by the bottom of the tappet cup 3.

In the modification shown in Fig. 5, the piston is provided at the upper end of its squared driven sleeve engaging portion with a shoulder 3d. This arrangement dispenses with the sleeve retaining pin 24, relative axial sliding movement of. the piston and sleeve being prevented in one direction by the shoulder 36 and in the the c-washer 3i.

The above described invention provides a very simple, economical, compact and effective drive for rotating the reciprocating piston; and it permits the parts to be readily assembled and dis= assembled. The tappet cup prevents the c-washer from being disengaged from the piston; and the spherical tappet cup engaging button cuts down friction between the button and cup and constitutes a wear member that may be easily renewed.

The construction also provides a bearing for both the driving and driven sleeves on the lower end portion of the cylinder so that the cooperating sleeve ends are heldin proper alinement; and it also prevents the tappet cup or the piston retracting spring from interfering with the rotation of said driving and driven sleeves.

What I claim is:

l. A fuel injection pump comprising a cylinder, a piston reciprocable in said cylinder and pro jecting from one end thereof, a sleeve rotatably supported throughout its entire length on said cylinder, and a member xed to the projecting end of said piston and having a portion overlap ping and supported on said end of said cylinder and having a connection with said sleeve permitting relative axial movement but preventing relative rotary movement of said sleeve and said member.-

other direction by 2. A fuel injection pump comprising a cylinder, a piston reciprocable in said cylinder and projecting from one end thereof, a sleeve rotatably supported throughout its entire length on said cylinder, and a second sleeve surrounding and fixed to the projecting vend of said piston, said second sleeve overlapping and being supported on said end of said cylinder in all positions of the sliding movement of said piston and having a connection with said irst mentioned sleeve per mitting relative axial movement but preventing relative rotary movement of said sleeves.

3. A fuel injection pump comprising a cylinder, a piston reciprocable in said cylinder and projecting from one end thereof, a sleeve rotatably supported throughout its entire length on said cylinder, and a second sleeve surounding and fixed to the projecting end of said piston in endwise alinement with said first mentioned sleeve and having a connection with said rst mentioned sleeve permitting axial movement but rotary movement of said sleeves, said connection comprising circumferentially spaced extensions on the cylinder opposing end of said second sleeve that overlap and are supported on and guided by said end of said cylinder in all po sitions oi said plunger and said second sleeve and slidably engage correspondingly spaced recesses in the adjacent end of said first mentioned sleeve.

4. A fuel injection pump comprising a cylinder, a piston reciprocable in said cylinder and projecting from one end thereof, a sleeve rotatably supported throughout its entire length on said cylinder, a second sleeve surrounding and fixed tothe projecting end of said piston, said second sleeve overlapping and being SuppQrted on said end of said cylinder'in all positions of the sliding movement of said piston -and having a connection with said ilrst mentioned sleeve permitting relative axial movement but preventing relative rotary movement of said sleeves, and a piston retracting coil spring surrounding said sleeves and supported thereby against bowing and buckling.

ROBERT E. OLIN.

preventing relative

US17637A 1935-04-22 1935-04-22 Fuel injection pump Expired - Lifetime US2079660A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2593550A (en) * 1946-03-28 1952-04-22 Fodor Nicholas Multiple unit fuel injection pump
US2605706A (en) * 1949-10-15 1952-08-05 Lemanski Savarian Fuel injection device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2593550A (en) * 1946-03-28 1952-04-22 Fodor Nicholas Multiple unit fuel injection pump
US2605706A (en) * 1949-10-15 1952-08-05 Lemanski Savarian Fuel injection device

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