US2078781A - Time switch - Google Patents

Time switch Download PDF

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US2078781A
US2078781A US62446A US6244636A US2078781A US 2078781 A US2078781 A US 2078781A US 62446 A US62446 A US 62446A US 6244636 A US6244636 A US 6244636A US 2078781 A US2078781 A US 2078781A
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Prior art keywords
trigger
rotation
blades
cam
ratchet
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US62446A
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George W Sprenger
Francis W Truesdell
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General Electric Co
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General Electric Co
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G04HOROLOGY
    • G04CELECTROMECHANICAL CLOCKS OR WATCHES
    • G04C23/00Clocks with attached or built-in means operating any device at preselected times or after preselected time-intervals
    • G04C23/14Mechanisms continuously running to relate the operation(s) to the time of day
    • G04C23/34Mechanisms continuously running to relate the operation(s) to the time of day with provision for automatic modification of the programme, e.g. on Sunday
    • G04C23/347Mechanisms continuously running to relate the operation(s) to the time of day with provision for automatic modification of the programme, e.g. on Sunday some operations being overridden
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/15Intermittent grip type mechanical movement
    • Y10T74/1503Rotary to intermittent unidirectional motion
    • Y10T74/1508Rotary crank or eccentric drive
    • Y10T74/1518Rotary cam drive
    • Y10T74/1523Radial cam
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/21Elements
    • Y10T74/2101Cams
    • Y10T74/2102Adjustable
    • Y10T74/2106Timer devices

Description

April 27, 1937 G. w, SPRENGER ET AL 2,078,781
TIME SWITCH Filed Feb. 5, 1956 2 Sheets-5119?I 1 `George W pren'gen Tvancls W. Truesde April 27, 1937- G. w. SPRENGER ET AL 2,078,781
TIME SWITCH Filed Feb. 5, 1956 Inventors: George Sprenger,
Fvancis Tvuesdell 5,9m 'Attornqg Thei Patented Apr. 27, 1937 UNITED ISTATES TIME SWITCH George W. Sprenger, Lynn, and Francis W.
Truesdell, Saurus, Maas., .assixnors to General Electric Company, a corporation of New York Application February 5, 193s, serial N0. 62,446
12 Claims.
Our invention relates to time switches and concerns particularly improvements \in switch- `operating mechanism.
It is an object of our invention to provide a two-circuit feature for a time switch whereby two diierent circuits may be turned off at different times although turned on simultaneously, or turned on at di'erent times and turned ofi. simultaneously.
Another object of our invention is`to provide an arrangement for accurately producing intermediate positions in an indexing system of the type disclosed in the copending application ci. Donald G. Cameron and George W. Sprenger, filed September 18, 1935, Serial No. 41,090, and
assigned to the same assignee as the present invention.
` Still another object of our invention is to provide an improved omitting device for time '20 switches.
Other and further objects and advantages will become apparent as the description proceeds.
The invention will be understood more readily from the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings and the features of the invention which are believed to be novel and'patentable will be pointed out in the claims appended hereto. .In the drawings, Figs. l and 2 are front and side 30 views respectively of a time switch showing one embodiment of our invention; Fig. 3 is an extended (axially distorted) perspective view of the apparatus of Figs. 1 and 2; Figs. 4 and 5 are exploded fragmentary perspective views of the 35 apparatus in different operating positions; and Fig. 6 is an exploded fragmentary perspective view of another embodiment of the invention.
Like the switch 4disclosed in the previously mentioned copending application, Serial No.
4U 41,090, the switch illustrated in the drawings of the present application has contact blades operated by one or more rotary cams, advanced by an indexing mechanism, controlled by fingers on a timing unit. The present switch differs, how- 45 ever, in that any two pairs of contact blades for opening or closing their circuits at different times are mounted with somewhat different angular relationships to the rotary cam, and means are provided for stopping short the rotary mo- 50 tion of the cam during the circuit opening operation in order that the circuits controlled by the two pairs of blades may be opened at different times although these circuits may be closed at the same time. Another distinction is in the 55 form of omitting devices for preventing operation of the switch on certain days of the week or month.
The timing of the switch is eiected and all the operating energy therefor is supplied by a suit- (30 able timing motor which is preferably a selfstarting synchronous motor where regulated i're- 'quency alternating-current supply is` available. The synchronous motor is best shown in Fig. 2 at I0. This is a high-speed self-starting motor driving unit of -the type described in Warren Patent No. 1,495,936, May 27, 1924, and includes a casing enclosing the rotor of the motor in the reduced portion of the casing and a suitable reduction gear train in the enlarged portion of the casing to reduce the speed of the motor from the usual 3,600 revolutions per minute to usually one revolution per minute at the terminal shaft I2 shown extending from the casing in Fig. 3.
The timing motor unit drives the time-switch dial I3 at one revolution in twenty-four hours in a clockwise direction through a gear train including gears I4, I5, I6, I1, I8, I9, 20, and 2|. Between the gears |'l and I8 of this gear train is a one-way driving clutch consisting of a toothed disk 22 fastened on the shaft 23 with the gear I8 and co-operating with notched openings in the face of the gear The gear reduction is such that the shaft 23 normally rotates at one revolution per hour, and this shaft is provided with disk 24 having its periphery graduated in minutes and with a thumb piece 25 by means of which the dial |3 may be turned in the normal .direction of rotation manually to set the same accurately with respect to the time of the day.
.The dial |3 and the gear 2| are fastened to the same hub and are not relatively adjustable. They rotate on a stationary shaft 26 which has a stationary time-indicating pointer 21 secured thereto in front of the dial I3. The pointer 2'! co-operates with twenty-four hour A. M. and P. M. graduation marks on the dial I3 and the rotary minute dial 24 co-operates with a stationary pointer 28 so that the time in hours and minutes is given by these two dials. Furthermore, the minute dial 24 is secured to the shaft 23 by friction washers, one of which is shown at 29.
The hour dial I3 may be made up of a thin disk having a stiffening ridge 30 near its periphery, serving as a convenient means for adjustably securing switch-operating riders 3|, 32, and 33 on the hour dial. The rider 3| is an on rider, therider 32 a circuit 1 off rider and the rider 33 a circuit 2 off rider. The on and off riders are similar and interchangeable, having branches threaded to permit removing a screw 34,35, or 36 and reversing the rider. The 2 off rider 33, however, carries a large headed screw 36, whereas the riders 3| and 32 carry small headed screws 34 and 35, respectively.
The arrangement of the driving unit, dial, and riders is,more fully explained in the said copending application S. N. 41,090. The purpose of the difference in size between the heads of the screws I5 and in the apparatus illustrated in the present application will be explained hereinafter.
'Ihe "on rider Il has-a laterally extending finger 31 for operating a cocking member 3l of a switch operating and detent mechanism and the o riders $2 and lIl have laterally extending fingers ll and 44, respectively, for operating a cocklng member 4i. The switch operating and detent mechanism is assembled about and largely supported by a nat-sided rotary shaft 42 and includes mechanism for rotating the shaft 42 a step at a time when one of the cocking members Il or 4i is released by one of the nngers Il. 8|. or 40. The shaft 42 carries one or more contact-operating insulating cams 4I about which are radially arranged two or more pairs of contact blades 44 and 44.
The pair of contact blades 44 controls one electrical circuit identified as No. 1 circuit and the pair of contact blades 44 controls a second circuit identified as "No. 2 circuit". 'Ihe cam 42 is mounted to rotate with the shaft 42 but is axially slldable thereon. Since the cam 4I has six thick or bulging portions 44 and six thin or receding portions 41' riding between the tips of the contact blades, it is adapted to produce two operations per cycle (one "on" and one "ofi or vice versa) in two 30 degree motions as explained in the aforesaid copending application S. N. 41,090. In order to be operated simultaneously, the blades 44 and 45 would be mounted 60 degrees apart or a multiple thereof. However, in the present apparatus the twc circuits are to be turned oi! at separate times, and in order to produce two oil' operations in each cycle of two 30 degree motions, the 30 degree step from "on" to "oil" is split into two sections, which may be approximately l5 degrees each. The mechanism is arranged fgr the on" linger 31 to produce 3l degrees rotation of the shaft 42, whereas the oi!" fingers It and 44 each produces approximately i5 degrees rotation. 'Ihe switch blades 44 and 45 are not mounted a multipie of 60 degrees apart (or in the same relative angular position on two dinerent cams like the cam 43) but somewhat less in order that only the blades 44 will be spread during the first l5 degrees rotation of the cam 43. 'I'he blades 45 will be spread during the next 15 degrees rotation, while the tips of the blades 44 remain on a thick portion of the cam 4I and the blades 44 remain spread. As shown in Fig. 3 at the 2 off position both blades 44 and 45 are spread keeping open both their respective circuits, the latter part of a thick portion of the cam 44 being between the tips of the blades 44 while the ilrst part of another thick portion of the cam is between the tips of the blades 45.
With cam 43 advanced 30 degrees to the on position, as illustrated in Fig. 4, the tips of both blades 44 and 45 are on the thin portions 41 of the cam 4l and both circuits are closed. With the cam 43 advanced a further l5 degrees, to the I oil position, as illustrated in Fig. 5, a thick portion 46 of the cam 4l has spread the tips of blades 44 to open circuit l, while a thin portion 41 is still between the tips of the blades 45 leaving circuit 2 closed. Then with the cam advanced l5 degrees more, the 2 oiI" position illustrated in Fig. 3 is repeated. Thus to produce successive cycles of operation with, rst, two circuits closed, second, one opened and then, third, both circuits opened the cam is rotated during each cycle in successive stages, moving ilrst 30 aovavsi degrees, second 15 degrees, and then third l5 degrees.
The mechanism for producing this rotation accurately will presently be explained. However, it will be understood that our invention is not limited to the precise arrangement illustrated and described but also includes making all the stages l5 degrees apart so as to close'the circuitsseparatelyaswellasopeningthemseparateLv, or includes moving either or both of the blades 44 and 4I 30 degrees from the position shown in the drawing in` order that the corresponding circuit will be closed instead of opened and vice versa at the particular angular position of the shaft 42 and cam 48. The speciilc reference to i5 degrees, 30 degrees, and 60 degrees is to be understood as being merely relative and not as limiting our invention to these absolute values or to the use of cams divided into six similar parts. ,Y
In the apparatus described by way of illustration, the angular steps are degrees and,
in the arrangement of Figs. 3, 4, and 5; the pairs of blades 44 and 4l are spaced approximately l5 degrees less than 120 degrees apart or sumciently less than 60 degrees to cause the contacts to open on separate half steps oi the camadvancing motion. In other words, the pairs of switch blades 44 and 4l are spaced a fraction less than two whole steps and they might be spaced a fraction less than any even whole number of steps. Regarding zero also as an even whole number, the switch blades might be spacer1 a fraction of a step less than zero, that is, with the blades 4l a fraction of a step ahead of instead of behind the blades 44', if two diil'erent cams 43' and 4I" are employed as shown in Fig. 6. Fig..6 illustrates also an arrangement with pairs of switch blades 44a and 45a spaced degrees or an odd whole number of steps from the blades 44' and 4I', respectively. It will be evident that the blades 44a will be closed when the blades 44' are open and vice versa. Likewise, the blades 45a will be closed when the blades 4I' are open and vice versa. 'Ine blades 44a and 45a, used with the apparatus of Figs. l, 2, and 3, therefore, illustrate an arrangement with which two circuits may be opened simultaneously but closed at different times.
The part of the switch operating and detent mechanism for producing the 30 degree rotation from oT' to on may be like that described in the aforesaid copending application S. N. 41,090. 'I'he part of the mechanism for producing the two 15 degree relations from on to "I ofi and 2 oil'" is also like that for producing the 30 degree rotation from "on" to oi'f in application S. N. 41,090, except for the addition of a short stop member 4l for stopping the trigger 4I after l5 degrees and splitting the o operation into steps I of!" and 2 oif". 'Ihe triggers Il and 4| are loosely mounted upon the shaft 42 and include, respectively, downwardly projecting tipe or noses 49 and 50, adapted to be engaged by the finger 3l and the lingers I! and 40, and arms Il and 52 for operating the switch manually when desired.
The tip 4l of the trigger 44 may be integral therewith as in the case of the trigger 4I, but is shown retractile to provide an omitting feature which will later be described. The tip 44 normally co-operates with ilnger Il as if the tip 4l were fixed rigidly upon the main portion of the trigger It, because the retractile tip 49 is pivoted upon a pin 54 carried by the main portion of the trigger 38 and has an arm 49' which normally drops down on a bushing 43" carried by the shaft 42 so that the retractile tip 49 cannot rotate further about the pivot pin 53 and the finger 31 pressing against the tip 49 rotates the trigger or cooking member 38.
The triggers 38 and 4I are provided with circularly arranged groups of slots 54 and 55, and ratchet members 56 and 51 are provided having axially extending groups of ratchet teeth 58 and 59 adapted to engage the groups of slots 54 and 55 respectively. The ratchet members 56 and 51 are axially slidable upon the shaft 42 but the shaft 42 and the ratchet members 56 and 51 are constrained to rotate together. A compression spring 60 is provided to hold the ratchet members 56 and 51 against the triggers 38 and 4I.
The embodiment of the invention illustrated is designed for rotation of the contact-operating cam 43 in the direction of the arrow in Fig. 3; i. e., in a clockwise rotation when viewed from the front of the apparatus, which will be referred to as the forward direction of rotation. The ratchet teeth58 and 59 are so arranged that the triggers 38 and 4I can produce only forward rotation of the ratchets and the shaft 42. The ratchet members 56 and 51 are provided also with radially extending groups of ratchet teeth 6I and 62,- forming a second ratchet system on each of the ratchet members 56 and 51. A pair of detent pawls 63 and 64 are pivotally mounted upon the triggers 38 and 4I, respectively. These detent pawls have detents 65 and 66 adapted to engage the ratchet teeth 6I and 62 to prevent overtravel.
The detent pawls 63 and 64 carry spurs 61 and 68 normally abutting ears 69 and 10 formed in the triggers 38 and 4|, and tension springs (only one of which is shown) attached to the detent pawls 63 and 64 by wires 1| and 12 are provided, which tend to rotate the detent pawls 63 and 64 and the triggers 38 and 4I in a forward direction. However, a stationary post or stop 13 is provided and the detent pawls 63 and 64 are provided with tails 14 and 15 which limit forward rotation under the force of the springs on the wires 1| and 12. The tails 14 and 15 are so shaped that they abut the post 13 while there is still clearance between the tips 49 and 50 of the triggers 38 and 4| and the post 13. The radial distance from the center of the shaft 42 to the pivot points of the detent pawls 63 and 64 is less than the radial distance from the shaft 42 to the post 13 so that forced rotation of the triggers 38 and 4I beyond the points where the tails 14 and 15 abut the post 13 produces backward rotation of the detent pawls 63 and 64 relative to the triggers 38 and 4|, thus flexing the springs on wires 1| and 12. The arrangement, therefore, tends to oppose rotation of the triggers 38 and 4| in either direction from the points at which the tails 14 and 15 abut the post 13.
A semaphore 16, rigidly mounted on the shaft 42 and a co-operating pointer 11 co-operating with suitable indices on the semaphore 16 are provided to indicate the switch positions. For the type of switch operation herein disclosed by way of example the semaphore 16 is divided into sectors marked alternately with the words on and off, and the off sectors are, in turn, divided into smaller sectors marked with the numerals I and 2. The semaphore 16 may also be formed as a ratchet wheel to co-operate with a spring pressed detent 18 to act as a check ratchet, preventing backward rotation of the shaft 42 and the parts carried thereon.
The times at which the switch blades 44 and are closed and opened depend upon the positions on the dial I3 of the on rider 3| and the off riders 32 and 33. Let it be assumed that the time switch is used for automatically controlling the electric lights in the public areas of an apartment house, that the principal hall and lobby lighting is to be extinguished after the usual retiring hours of the occupants of the building but that the safety hall lights and fire-escape lights are required by law to burn the entire night. Accordingly, the on rider 3| is set at 6 P. M., e. g., to turn on all the lights, the off I rider 32 is set at 1 A. M., e. g., to turn oif circuit I controlling the principal hall and lobby lights and the off 2 rider 33 is set at about 6 a. m., e. g., to turn off circuit 2 controlling the safety hall lights and fireescape lights.
The motor II effects the timing of the switch by driving the dial I3 at the proper uniform speed, and supplies the energy for opening and closing the switch blades by stressing the springs on the wircs 1I and 12 and cocking the trigger and ratchet mechanisms. In Figs. l, 2, and 3 the apparatus is shown in the 2 off position with both pairs of switch blades 44 and 45 open. When the nger 31 of the on rider 3| engages the tip 49 of the trigger 38, it gradually rotates the trigger 38 in a backward direction (with respect to the desired forward direction of rotation of the Contact operating cam 43) against the force of the spring (not shown) attached to the wire 1|.
After the trigger 38 has been rotated sufficiently, the ratchet teeth 58 drop into the slots 54 but the finger 31 continues to rotate the trigger 38 backwards through a' predetermined excess angle when the finger 31 rides off the tip 49 and releases or trips the trigger 38. The spring on the wire 1I thereupon snaps the trigger 38 in a forward direction and the trigger 38 acquires considerable momentum while retracing the excess angle just mentioned. The edges of the slots 54. serving as detents, then engage the ratchet teeth 58 and rotate the ratchets, the shaft 42, and the cam 43 through an angle equal to the angular distance between thick and thin portions 46 and 41 of the cam 43. The cam 43 accordingly is moved from the 2 off position shown in Fig. 3 to the on position shown in Fig. 4 wherein both switch blades 44 and 45 are closed.
After the cam 43 has been rotated the requisite angle, the tail 14 of the detent pawl 63 strikes the post 13 while the trigger 38` still retains some of its momentum. This momentum is utilized to rotate the detent pawl 63 backward around the pivot pin 53 and to drive the detent 65 in before the adjacent ratchet tooth of the group of radial ratchet teeth 6I on the ratchet member 56. The forces acting on the detent pawl 63 at the pivot point 18 and at the post 13 as a result of the momentum of the trigger 38 form a couple or torque which' rotates the detent pawl 63 backward. In this way, overtravel of the contact op erating cam 43 is prevented and the angular position of the shaft 42 is precisely indexed. The spring on the wire 1| draws the detent 65 away from the ratchet teeth 6I as soon as the parts have come to rest and leaves the mechanism free for a subsequent operation.
In a manner similar to that just described, the nger 39 of the I off rider 32 at the proper time engages the tip of the trigger 4I, and the parts associated therewith would be actuated to rotate the cam another 30 degrees to the position of Fig. 3 with both switch blades 44 and 4l closed, were it not for the short stop member 42. However, in the apparatus here illustrated, as distinguished from that illustrated in application S. N. 41,090. the short stop member 42 comes into play to stop the action after the shaft 42 has rotated approximately l5 degrees to the l oil position of Fig. 5. As previously explained, in the I on position, the switch blades 44 are open but the switch blades 45 are still closed.
The short stop member 4l is pivoted loosely on the post 13 and straddles the trigger 4l. It has a transverse projection 1I adapted to drop in between the post 'i2 and the tail 15 of the detent pawi 64, and an arm III adapted to engage the large head 2l of the clamping screw of the 2 olf rider t2. There is also a biasing spring 8| which tends to rotate the short stop member 48 in the direction which has been arbitrarily deiined as the forward direction.
Returning now to the time when the i oi!" finger 28 engages the tip 50 of the trigger 4I, the trigger 4I is rotated backward by the finger 39 and backs the tail I5 of the detent pawl 54 away from the post 12. The transverse projection 19 of the spring biased short stop member 48 is permitted to drop down as soon as the tail 'i5 has been backed away far enough. 'Ihen when the linger 29 rides oif the trigger tip 50, the trigger 4I rotates forward under the force of the spring 12. However, the tail 'l5 soon strikes the transverse projection 'I8 as shown in Fig. 5 and the rotation of the switch operating cam is stopped after 15 degrees, instead of after 30 degrees rotation.
When the 2 oif finger 40 engages the tip I0 of the trigger 4I, the trigger 4I is again cocked or rotated backward against the force of the spring 12 and when the finger 4I releases the trigger, the trigger rotates forward and picks up the ratchet member 51 at the angular position where it previously stopped. 'I'he ratchet member 51 as well as the shaft 42 and the cam 43 are thus rotated another 15 degrees, the remainder of the 30 degrees rotation which the oif" trigger 4I and the associate mechanism is capable of producing. This time, also, .the short stop member 48 tended to drop down in .the position with the transverse projection I2 blocking the tail 15, however, owing to the large size of the screw head 36 and the length of the arm Bil the arm 0l and the transverse projection 'il were held up and the tail 15 was permitted to continue traveling imtil it struck the post "Il, bringing the switch-operating mechanism to the 2 ofi'" position of Fig. 3.
It will be understood that the relative sizes and positions of the parts are such that the end of the arm clears the small diameter screw head 35 but cannot clear the larger diameter screw head 35. Consequently, the use of the large diameter screw head 26 makes the short stop member 48 ineil'ective, whereas the use of the small diameter screw head 35 permits the short stop feature to come into eilect.
Since the arrangement is such that the lingers rotate the triggers only approximately 30 degrees plus a slight excess angle previously referred to, and the slots in-the triggers are spaced at 60 degrees with approximately 30-degree solid sec-l tions between slots, after a trigger has rotated a ratchet mechanism 30 degrees it cannot pick up the ratchet teeth again to rotate it further unless the other trigger has first imparted 30 degrees rotation to the parts carried by the shaft 42.
amarsi ofdayisreachedwhentheswitchoperatingem shouldbeadvancedtoanotherpositiom Another feature of the apparatus illustratedin lo oftheweekormonth-suchassundaya 1s The omitting device is used to prevent the circuit or circuits from beim turned "on" on Ilich a day.
As already explained the on trigger 2l has aretractile tip 4l. Mechanismisprovidedtoto onthedaythatthe closingofthecircuitsktn be omitted. With the tip 42 retracted, it is not engaged by the on" finger Il and no switch cloaing operation can take Place m that day. has already been explained that tip 4t is pivotally attached to the trigger il apin llandthatthearm' andthe 4e" limit the rotation of the tip 4l with respect to the mainposition ofthetriggerll andcauaetha 80 two to rotate as one when engaged by the on finger 4l.
For the purpose orretracting thetip there is a push-lever I2 having a transverse projection t3 adapted to press on the arm 4I'. may be forked or have a portion extending entirely around the bushing 42" ao that there il a portion 24 which the transverse projection I2 can strike. The push-lever l2 also has a tail Il' carrying a diamond-shaped index Il. There b a seven-pointed star wheel 25 with leven teeth corresponding to the seven days of the week marked thereon. Each tooth has a tapped hole adaptedtoreceive an omittingscrewsuchasthe screw 21 which is shown secured in the Sunday as tooth el. 'Ihe omitting screws l1 are adapted to strike the tail 22 of the push lever l2 for raising the arm 4l' and retracting the trigger' tip 4l. For advancing the star wheel Il there is a drivingpin ttonthebackofthegear 2i atsucha so position that the driving pin 25 engages the atar wheel Il during the night, at about midnight, for example. and advances it one tooth position. To prevent overtravel of the star wheel I0 and to nx its position resilientiy there is a istrip sprim sg with a blunt tip fitting between the stai' wheel teeth.
When the time switch is placed in service, omitting screws l1 are placed in the teeth corrponding to the days on which switch operation is to be omitted and the star wheel is manually rotated to the position in which the index Il is oppositethenameofthedayoftheweekwhich it happens to be when the adjustment is made. Suppose, for example, this is done on Saturday and switch operation is to be omitted on Bundays. Fig. 3 represents the resultant setting of the mechanism. During the night, the drir'ng pin l2 will strike one of the teeth of the star wheel 06 and advance it to the position in which 7o the omitting screw I1 pushes the tail Il' of the push-lever 82 to the left. 'Ihe transverse projection 83 consequently raises the member I4 and retracts the tip 4l of the "on" trigger 2l. 'I'he next evening, Sunday evening, the trigger 82 7s Cil is not engaged by the on finger 31 and the switch blades M and 45 are not closed. .Sunday night the star wheel 86 is again rotated one point and the push lever is permitted to return to its original nonomitting position.
In accordance with the provisions of the patent statutes, we have described the principle of operation of our invention together with the apparatus which we now consider to represent the best ernbodiment thereof, but we desire to have it understood that the apparatus shown is only illustrative and that the invention may be carried out by other means.
What we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is: y
l. In a cam operated switch, a pair of relatively movable contact blades, a second pair of relatively movable contact blades, rotary cam means in operative relation with said blades, said cam means having alternately bulging and receding portions for changing the setting of said contact blades from closed to open and vice versa, and means for rotating said cam a half step at a time, each half step representing one-half the angular distance between adjacent bulging and receding portions of said cam means, said pairs of blades being angularly spaced a whole number of steps less a fraction, whereby rotation of said cam means a whole step changes the setting of both pairs of contact blades, but rotation of said cam a half step changes the setting of only one pair of contact blades.
2. In a cam operated switch, a pair of relatively movable contact blades, a second pair of relatively movable contact blades, rotary cam means in operative relation with said blades, said cam means having alternately bulging and receding portions for changing the setting of said contact blades from closed to open and vice versa, and means for rotating said cam either a step or a half step at a time, each half step representing one-half the angular distance between adjacent bulging and receding portions of said cam means,
said pairs of blades being angularly spaced a Whole number of steps less a fraction, whereby rotation of said cam means a whole step changes the setting of both pairs of contact blades, but rotation of said cam a half step changes the setting of only one pair of contact blades.
3. A two-circuit switch for closing two circuits together and opening them at different times, said switch comprising a pair of relatively movable contact blades for controlling one circuit, a-second pair of relatively movable contact blades for controlling a second circuit, rotary cam means in operative relation with said blades, said cam means having alternately bulging and receding portions for changing the setting of said contact blades from closed to open and vice versa, and means for rotating said cam means in repeated cycles each comprising a whole step, a half-step and a second half-step, each step representing the angular distance between bulging and receding portions of said cam means, said pairs of blades being angularly spaced an even whole number of steps less a fraction, the blades being so positioned in relation to the rotation producing means and the dimensions of said bulging and receding portions with respect to the fractional deviations from whole-step spacing of said blade pairs being such that, at the conclusion of each of said cycles of operations, both blades are opened, whereby the next one-step rotation closes both pairs of blades, the succeeding halfstep rotation opens one pair of blades and the final half-step rotation opens also the second pair of blades.
4. A switch comprising in combination, a pair of relatively movable contact blades, a rotary cam in operative relation with said blades, a ratchet member with which said cam is constrained to rotate, said ratchet member carrying two sets of teeth forming two ratchets, a pivotally mounted trigger having an ear thereon and including a detent adapted to co-operate with one of said ratchets to produce rotation of said ratchet and said blade-operating cam in a forward direction, a stop, a detent pawl pivotally mounted on said trigger, having a spur engaging said trigger ear when said detent pawl is rotated in a forward direction, means attached to said detent pawl tending to produce forward rotation thereof and of said trigger, said detent pawl having a tail adapted to engage said stop to limit forward rotation of said detent pawl and having a detent adapted to cooperate with said second ratchet to prevent overtravel thereof when the momentum of said trigger draws its ear away from the spur of said detent pawl, movable means adapted to be interposed between said stop and said tail to decrease the limit of forward rotation of said detent pawl and thereby reduce the angle of rotation of said trigger, said ratchet member and.
said cam, and means for deflecting said trigger against the force of said forward rotation producing means and abruptly releasing said trigger.
5. A switch comprising in combination relatively movable contact blades, a rotary cam in operative relation with said blades, a ratchet with which'said cam is constrained to rotate, pivotally mounted trigger means including a detent adapted to co-operate with said ratchet to produce rotation of said ratchet and said bladeoperating cam in a forward direction, means attached to said trigger means to produce forward rotation thereof, a stop, said trigger means in- 'cluding a tail adapted to engage said stop to limit forward rotation of said trigger means, movable means adapted to be interposed between said stop and said tail to decrease the limit of forward rotation of said trigger means and thereby reduce the angle of rotation communicated to said ratchet and said cam, and means for deecting said trigger means against the 1 orce of said forward rotation producing means and for releasing said trigger means.
6. Mechanism for producing stepwise rotation comprising in combination a ratchet member carried by a shaft to be rotated stepwise, said ratchet member carrying two sets of teeth forming two ratchets, a pivotally mounted trigger having an i ear thereon and including a detent'adapte-d to cooperate with one of said ratchets to produce rotation of said ratchet and said blade-operating cam in a forward direction, a stop, a detent pawl pivotally mounted on said trigger, having a spur engaging said trigger ear when said detent pawl is rotated in a forward direction, means attached to said detent pawl to produce forward rotation thereof and of said trigger, said detent pawl having a tail adapted to engage said stop to limit forward rotation of said detent pawland having a detent adapted to co-operate with said second ratchet to prevent overtravel thereof when the momentum of said trigger draws its ear away from the spur of said detent pawl, movable means adapted to be interposed between said stop and said tail to decrease the limit of forward rotation of said detent pawl and thereby reduce the angle of rotation of said trigger and said ratchet member, and means for deflecting said cor trigger against the force-of said forward rotation and abruptly releasing said trigger.
'1. Mechanism for producing 'stepwise rotation comprising in combination a ratchet carried by a shaft to be rotated stepwise, pivotally mounted trigger means including a detent adapted to cooperate with said ratchet to produce rotation of said ratchet in a forward direction, means attached to said trigger means to produce forward rotation thereof, a stop, said trigger means including a tail adapted to engage said stop and limit forward rotation of said trigger means, movable means adapted to be interposed between said stop and said tail to decrease the limit of forward rotation of said trigger means and thereby reduce the angle of rotation communicated to said ratchet, and means for deecting said trigger means against the force of said forward rotation-producing means and for releasing said trigger means.
8. Mechanism for producing stepwise rotation comprising in combination a ratchet carried by a shaft to be rotated stepwise, pivotally mounted trigger means including a detent adapted to cooperate with said ratchet to produce rotation thereof in a forward direction, means attached to said trigger means to produce forward rotation thereof, a stop, said trigger means including a tail adapted to engage said stop to limit forward rotation of said trigger means, a short stop member adapted to be interposed between said stop and said tail to decrease the limit of forward rotation of said trigger means and thereby reduce the angle oi' rotation communicated to said ratchet, means for alternately moving said short stop member into interposed position and preventing it from being so moved when said tail is drawn away from said stop, and neans for deilecting said trigger means against the force oi' said forward rotation-producing means and for releasing said trigger means.
9. Mechanism for producing stepwise rotation comprising in combination a rotary dial carrying trigger-operating fingers and a short-stop-member-engaging projection associated with one of said fingers, a rotatably mounted ratchet carried by a shaft to be rotated stepwise, pivotally mounted trigger means adapted to be engaged by said fingers and including a detent adapted to co-operate with said ratchet to produce rotation thereof in a forward direction, means attached to said trigger means to produce forward rotation thereof, a stop, said trigger means including a tail adapted to engage said stop to limit forward rotation of said trigger means, a short-stop member adapted to be interposed between said stop and said tail to decrease the limit of forward rotation of said trigger means and thereby reduce the angle of rotation communicated to said ratchet. said short-stop member being biased to said interposed position, said ngers being adapted to deflect said trigger means against the force of said forward rotation producing means and to ride off and release said trigger means, said short-stop member including an arm engageable by said dial projection, said projection holding said short-stop member out of its interposed position when said projection engages said arm.
10. Mechanism for rotating a shaft stepwise in repeated cycles each consisting of a whole, then a half-step and finally a second half-step, said mechanism comprising in combination a rotary dial carrying three trigger operating ngers and a short-stop-member-engaging projection associated with one of said fingers, said fingers being at different angular positions on said dial, the first of them being offset from the other two in a direction parallel to the axis of said dial, and the third being associated with said short-stop-member-engaging projection, a pair of rotatably mounted ratchets with which a shaft to be driven stepwise is constrained to rotate, pivotally mounted trigger means adapted to be engaged by the rst of said fingers and including a detent adapted to co-operate with the first of said ratchetsto produce rotation thereof in a forward direction, second pivotally mounted trigger means adapted to be engaged by either the second or third of said fingers and including `a detent adapted to co-operate with the second of said ratchets to produce forward rotation thereof, a stop, each of said trigger means including a tail adapted to engage said stop to limit forward rotation of said trigger means, and a short-stop member adapted to be interposed between said stop and the tail of said second trigger means to decrease the limit of forward rotation of said second trigger means and thereby reduce the angle of rotation communicated to said second ratchet, said short-stop member being biased to said interposed position, said fingers being adapted to deflect said trigger means against the force of said forward rotation producing means and to ride off and release said trigger means. said shortstop member including an arm engageable by said projection on said dial for causing said projection to hold said short-stop member out of its interposed position.
11. An omitting device for a shaft-advancing mechanism having a resiliently biased trigger adapted to rotate the shaft in steps and a rotating rider adapted to engage the end of said trigger periodically and cock the trigger, said omitting device comprising a star wheel adapted to be rotated in steps and having a pin thereon at an' angular position corresponding to an operation to be omitted, and means deflected by said pin in one angular position of said star wheel for retracting the end of the trigger out of engagement with the rider.
12. A shaft-advancing mechanism comprising in combination a spring biased trigger adapted to engage and advance said shaft when said trigger is rotating yielding to its bias, said trigger having a retractile tip, a rotary dial carrying a finger adapted to engage said tip and cock said trigger by rotating it backward in opposition to its bias, thereafter riding ci! said tip to release said trigger and produce forward rotation of said shaft through a predetermined angle, a star wheel carrying an omitting pin at an angular position corresponding to an operation to be omitted, a driving pin carried by said dial adapted to engage and rotate said star wheel one step whenever said driving pin is carried past said star wheel, and a push lever adapted to be engaged by said omitting pin and moved to an omitting position when said star wheel is in a predetermined angular position, said push lever having an arm adapted to retract the tip of said trigger and prevent its engagement by said nger when said push lever is in the omitting position.
GEORGE W. SPRENGER. FRANCIS W. TRUESDEIL.
US62446A 1936-02-05 1936-02-05 Time switch Expired - Lifetime US2078781A (en)

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2536741A (en) * 1949-10-15 1951-01-02 Automatic Controls Corp Defrosting timer
US2624812A (en) * 1948-01-02 1953-01-06 Comb Control Corp Timing device
US2691485A (en) * 1951-01-25 1954-10-12 Streeter Amet Co Timer control
US2754070A (en) * 1954-02-24 1956-07-10 Charles L Schrall Fishing reel
US2859586A (en) * 1954-03-31 1958-11-11 Frantellizzi Biagio Automatic control switch for the electric motor winding up a clockwork spring
US2873131A (en) * 1954-06-15 1959-02-10 Kitchen Quip Inc Spring metal mounting clutch
US2877317A (en) * 1957-02-05 1959-03-10 Gen Electric Switching mechanism for timer
US2887543A (en) * 1956-10-22 1959-05-19 Edward J Butler Time switch
US2921149A (en) * 1957-01-24 1960-01-12 Gen Electric Seven-day time control switch
US2951556A (en) * 1956-07-18 1960-09-06 Tecalemit Ltd Lubrication system for vehicles and machines
US3009028A (en) * 1958-08-15 1961-11-14 Gen Electric Time switch omit mechanism
US3041596A (en) * 1956-12-10 1962-06-26 American Sign & Indicator Co Display signs
US3118028A (en) * 1962-03-26 1964-01-14 Water Refining Co Electrically operated time switch clock
US3306179A (en) * 1964-06-03 1967-02-28 Colt Ventilation & Heating Ltd Fan ventilator with air shroud means
US3478181A (en) * 1966-03-10 1969-11-11 Edward Thomas Buckerridge Electric circuit controllers incorporating time-switches
US3623582A (en) * 1969-01-16 1971-11-30 Ebauchesfabrik Eta Ag Free-wheel mechanism
US3710906A (en) * 1971-09-30 1973-01-16 Kendale Industries Ratchet drive mechanism
US3930326A (en) * 1974-06-14 1976-01-06 Rosa Anthony G Desk calendar

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2624812A (en) * 1948-01-02 1953-01-06 Comb Control Corp Timing device
US2536741A (en) * 1949-10-15 1951-01-02 Automatic Controls Corp Defrosting timer
US2691485A (en) * 1951-01-25 1954-10-12 Streeter Amet Co Timer control
US2754070A (en) * 1954-02-24 1956-07-10 Charles L Schrall Fishing reel
US2859586A (en) * 1954-03-31 1958-11-11 Frantellizzi Biagio Automatic control switch for the electric motor winding up a clockwork spring
US2873131A (en) * 1954-06-15 1959-02-10 Kitchen Quip Inc Spring metal mounting clutch
US2951556A (en) * 1956-07-18 1960-09-06 Tecalemit Ltd Lubrication system for vehicles and machines
US2887543A (en) * 1956-10-22 1959-05-19 Edward J Butler Time switch
US3041596A (en) * 1956-12-10 1962-06-26 American Sign & Indicator Co Display signs
US2921149A (en) * 1957-01-24 1960-01-12 Gen Electric Seven-day time control switch
US2877317A (en) * 1957-02-05 1959-03-10 Gen Electric Switching mechanism for timer
US3009028A (en) * 1958-08-15 1961-11-14 Gen Electric Time switch omit mechanism
US3118028A (en) * 1962-03-26 1964-01-14 Water Refining Co Electrically operated time switch clock
US3306179A (en) * 1964-06-03 1967-02-28 Colt Ventilation & Heating Ltd Fan ventilator with air shroud means
US3478181A (en) * 1966-03-10 1969-11-11 Edward Thomas Buckerridge Electric circuit controllers incorporating time-switches
US3623582A (en) * 1969-01-16 1971-11-30 Ebauchesfabrik Eta Ag Free-wheel mechanism
US3710906A (en) * 1971-09-30 1973-01-16 Kendale Industries Ratchet drive mechanism
US3930326A (en) * 1974-06-14 1976-01-06 Rosa Anthony G Desk calendar

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