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US2077453A - Therapeutical appliance - Google Patents

Therapeutical appliance Download PDF

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Publication number
US2077453A
US2077453A US71794334A US2077453A US 2077453 A US2077453 A US 2077453A US 71794334 A US71794334 A US 71794334A US 2077453 A US2077453 A US 2077453A
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Prior art keywords
applicator
appliance
rubber
tubes
fluid
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Raymond W Albright
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American Anode Inc
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American Anode Inc
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F7/00Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body
    • A61F7/12Devices for heating or cooling internal body cavities

Description

April 20, 1937. R. w. ALBRIGHT I THERAPEUTIC/XL APPLIANCE Filed March 29, 1954 Patented Apr. 20, 1937 .THERAPEUTICAL APPLIANCE Raymond W. Albright,

Akron, Ohio, assignor to American Anode, Inc., Akron, Ohio, a corporation of Delaware Application March 29, 1934, Serial No. 712,943

Claims.

This invention relates to therapeutical appliances and particularly to applicators adapted for insertion into various natural bodily cavities for application of heat treatment to diseased areas 5 thereof, the heat beingsuppliedby hot water.

circulated through the applicator.

The objects of the present invention include the provision of applicators adapted especially for insertion into bodily cavities or passages such as the nasal and ear passages, the antrum, and the urethra; the provision of such applicators which shall be capable of applying heat uniformly to all areas of a diseased cavity or passage undergoing treatment; the provision of such an applicator which shall be so constructed that a stream of water or other fluid heatedto a desired temperature may be caused to flow continuously through the applicator to maintain all portions thereof at a. uniformv temperature; to

provide such an applicator which shall be some what distensible under internal pressure to provide for accommodating the applicator to fit and contact with all surfaces to be subjected to heat treatment; to provide such an applicator having integral connecting rubber tubes for conveying water or other fluid to and from the applicator; and other objects which will be apparent from the following description of the invention which will be made with reference to the accompanying 0 drawing.

Of the drawing,

Fig. 1 is an elevation of one type of applicator embodying the principles of the present invention, the walls of the applicator being broken away in places for clarity of illustration;

, Fig. 2 is a vertical section taken on line 2--2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is an elevation of an applicator generally similar in construction to the applicator of Fig.

1, but embodying a stiffening element;

FlFig. 4 is a vertical section taken on line 44 of Fig. 5 is an elevation of a modified form of applicator embodying a stop to prevent insertion of the applicator too great a distance into a ber walls ll about 0.01 inch thick, for efllciency of heat transfer and to permit distension of the applicator under internal fluid pressure. The tubular applicator is closed at its tip end and is provided with a central integral rubber web l2 extending longitudinally of the interior of the applicator except for a short distance at the tip end, the web being integrally joined to the walls of the applicator along approximately diametrically opposed lines and thereby serving to divide the interior of the tubular applicator into two parallel channels l3, I3 communicating at the tip of the applicator and providing a continuous fluid conduit extending down one side of the applicator and up the other side. Communicating with the openings of the aforesaid two channels, are provided a pair of connecting tubes l4, l4, preferably relatively heavy rubber tubes integrally joined to the walls of the applicator to provide means for conducting water or other fluid to and from the applicator. For convenience, the tubes [4, l4 may be simply heavier and less distensible continuations of the divided tubular applicator, so constructed that the two channels diverge gradually to form the two separate tubes.

The applicator portion of the above described appliance may be inserted, for example, into a nasal passage, and water or other fluid at a desired temperature may be circulated continuously through the appliance. If the water is forced through the applicator under slight pressure, the thin walled applicator will be distended somewhat and will adapt itself to fit irregularities of the area being treated to insure uniform contact of the applicator with such areas. The possible distension is limited however by the integral rubber web which in addition to providing the two fluid channels, serves also to prevent undue distension of the applicator which might cause injury. Thus, it will be seen that the applicator provides means for applying heat of controlled uniform intensity to ortions of a human body which would be extremely difficult to reach with ordinary means for applying thermal treatments.

. The appliance of Fig. 3 is generally quite similar in construction to the appliance described above, and comprises a tubular applicator 20 closed at its tip end and having a central web 2| dividing the interior of the applicator into two channels 22, 22. To facilitate insertion of the applicator into a relatively long and restricted passage such as the male urethra, a stiffening element 23, which may be a thin strip of metal, whalebone, or equivalent material substantially as long as the applicator, is embedded in the central rubber web. Integral connecting tubes 24, 24 are provided as before for conducting water or other fluid to and from the applicator.

The appliance illustrated in Fig. 5 is designed especially for applying heat treatment to the lining of the female urethra and the passages of the ear, and comprises a tubular applicator 30, somewhat smaller in size and shorter in length, but otherwise similar to those previously described in that it is made of thin elastic rubber and has a central'integral' web 3i dividing the interior of the applicator into two channels 32, 32 which communicate with connecting tubes 33,

For limiting the distance to which the applicator may be inserted into a passage to be treated, a-stop 34 is provided at a desired point along the length of the tubular applicator. The stop 34 preferably consists of an integral circular rubber flange extending radially outward from the applicator for say /2 to 1".

In addition to the symmetrical tubular configuration of the applicators heretofore illustrated, various other shapes of applicators may be provided as required for effectively treating diseased areas of various bodily cavities of differ- For example, the appliance of Fig.

ent shapes. 6, designed especially for heat treatment of diseased areas within the antrum, comprises a thin rubber walled hollow applicator portion 40 of substantially semi-circular outline, having an integral rubber web 4| joining the sides of the applicator and extending parallel to the flat side of the semi-circular outline, thereby dividing the interior of the applicator into a long tubular channel 42 extending along the flat side of the outline up to the tip of the applicator and a larger somewhat bulbous channel or chamber 43 occupying the rounded portion of the semi-circular outline. Communicating with the openings of the two channels are provided, as before, two preferably integral rubber connecting tubes 44, 44 the tubes preferably consisting of diverging heavier eontinuations'of the divided applicator as previously described.

The appliances of this invention may be manufactured by immersing suitable forms into a liquid dispersion of rubber, preferably compounded rubber latex; in the manner described in the copending application of George L. Winder, Serial No. 717,765, flled March 28, 1934, which has now matured into U. S. Patent No. 2,053,357, granted September 8, 1936, although the present invention is by no means limited to any particular method of manufacturing the appliances.

As has been indicated, the appliances of the present invention provide means for uniformly applying heat of a desired intensity to diflicultly accessible portions of the human body. Uniform treatment is assured by circulation of the water through all portionsof the applicator and by providing for dlstending the applicator to flt the passage or cavity being treated. Water may be heated and circulated through the appliance in any convenient manner, as by means of the Elliott apparatus designed especially for that purpose, while now is available, although such auxiliary apparatus forms no part of the present invention. It is obvious that the appliances hereof may also be used, if desired, for applying cold treatments to bodily cavities, by circulating cold water or other fluid through the applicator inserted within the cavity to be treated.

Numerous modifications may be made in the appliances hereinabove described without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A therapeutical appliance adapted for insertion into a natural body cavity or passage, said appliance comprising a relatively thinwalled hollow applicator made of flexible elastic material having substantially the properties of rubber and being shaped to conform generally to the cavity or passage to be treated but being capable of distension under internal pressures for more nearly perfect conformance, a web of rubber extending substantially throughout the length of the interior of the hollow applicator but terminating short of one end thereof and having its edges integrally attached to the walls of the applicator in such manner as to limit distension of the hollow applicator and also to divide the interior of the applicator into at least two fluid channels communicating at the said end for directing a fluid stream through the applicator, and connecting tubes communicating with each of the said channels at the other end of the applicator for conducting fluid to and from the applicator, said applicator being closed except for openings communicating with the aforesaid tubes.

2. A therapeutical appliance as defined in claim 1, in which the appliance is structurally integral and consists substantially entirely of vulcanized unmasticated latex rubber.

3. A therapeutical appliance as defined in claim 1 having a stiffening element imbedded in the web.

4; A therapeutical appliance as defined in claim 1 in which the applicator is of relatively long and slender tubular configuration, said appliance comprising an integral flange extending radially outward from the tubular applicator at a point removed from the tip thereof.

5. A therapeutical appliance as deflned in claim 1 in which the appliance is structurally integral and consists substantially entirely of vulcanized rubber and in which the connecting tubes are heavier integral continuations of the divided applicator.

RAYMOND W. ALBRIGHT.

US2077453A 1934-03-29 1934-03-29 Therapeutical appliance Expired - Lifetime US2077453A (en)

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Cited By (39)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2566266A (en) * 1949-12-20 1951-08-28 Eastman Kodak Co Pressure equalizing device
US3425419A (en) * 1964-08-08 1969-02-04 Angelo Actis Dato Method of lowering and raising the temperature of the human body
US4411265A (en) * 1979-06-18 1983-10-25 Eichenlaub John E Ear wax removing device
DE3416146A1 (en) * 1984-05-02 1985-11-07 Juergen Hagedorn Device for controlling a common cold
US4672962A (en) * 1983-09-28 1987-06-16 Cordis Corporation Plaque softening method
US4793352A (en) * 1986-02-07 1988-12-27 Eichenlaub John E Limited heat transfer device and method
US4949718A (en) * 1988-09-09 1990-08-21 Gynelab Products Intrauterine cauterizing apparatus
US5242390A (en) * 1991-05-03 1993-09-07 Goldrath Milton H Endometrium coagulating surgical method for thermal destruction of the endometrium
US5437673A (en) * 1993-02-04 1995-08-01 Cryomedical Sciences, Inc. Closed circulation tissue warming apparatus and method of using the same in prostate surgery
US5571153A (en) * 1991-09-20 1996-11-05 Wallst+E,Acu E+Ee N; Hans I. Device for hyperthermia treatment
US5800493A (en) * 1995-04-26 1998-09-01 Gynecare, Inc. Intrauterine ablation system
US6066132A (en) * 1998-06-30 2000-05-23 Ethicon, Inc. Articulating endometrial ablation device
US6126684A (en) * 1998-04-21 2000-10-03 The Regents Of The University Of California Indwelling heat exchange catheter and method of using same
US6139571A (en) * 1997-07-09 2000-10-31 Fuller Research Corporation Heated fluid surgical instrument
US6146411A (en) * 1998-12-24 2000-11-14 Alsius Corporation Cooling system for indwelling heat exchange catheter
US6165207A (en) * 1999-05-27 2000-12-26 Alsius Corporation Method of selectively shaping hollow fibers of heat exchange catheter
US6287326B1 (en) 1999-08-02 2001-09-11 Alsius Corporation Catheter with coiled multi-lumen heat transfer extension
US6338727B1 (en) 1998-08-13 2002-01-15 Alsius Corporation Indwelling heat exchange catheter and method of using same
USRE37704E1 (en) 1990-03-22 2002-05-14 Argomed Ltd. Thermal treatment apparatus
US6393320B2 (en) 1999-02-19 2002-05-21 Alsius Corporation Method for treating cardiac arrest
US6436130B1 (en) 1999-03-02 2002-08-20 Alsius Corporation Cooling system for therapeutic catheter
US6447474B1 (en) 1999-09-15 2002-09-10 Alsius Corporation Automatic fever abatement system
US6450990B1 (en) 1998-08-13 2002-09-17 Alsius Corporation Catheter with multiple heating/cooling fibers employing fiber spreading features
US6460544B1 (en) 1999-03-11 2002-10-08 Alsius Corporation Method and apparatus for establishing and maintaining therapeutic hypothemia
US20030120210A1 (en) * 1999-02-19 2003-06-26 Worthen William J. Method of managing patient temperature with a heat exchange catheter
US6589271B1 (en) 1998-04-21 2003-07-08 Alsius Corporations Indwelling heat exchange catheter
US6641602B2 (en) 2001-04-13 2003-11-04 Alsius Corporation Method and device including a colo-rectal heat exchanger
US6652565B1 (en) 1998-04-21 2003-11-25 Alsius Corporation Central venous catheter with heat exchange properties
US6682555B2 (en) 2000-11-13 2004-01-27 Wit Ip Corporation Methods for treating the prostate and inhibiting obstruction of the prostatic urethra using biodegradable stents
US6682551B1 (en) 1999-03-11 2004-01-27 Alsius Corporation Method and system for treating cardiac arrest using hypothermia
US6692488B2 (en) 1998-01-23 2004-02-17 Innercool Therapies, Inc. Apparatus for cell necrosis
US6716236B1 (en) 1998-04-21 2004-04-06 Alsius Corporation Intravascular catheter with heat exchange element having inner inflation element and methods of use
US20040102827A1 (en) * 1999-10-07 2004-05-27 Innercool Therapies, Inc. Inflatable heat transfer apparatus
US20040127851A1 (en) * 2002-12-31 2004-07-01 Alsius Corporation System and method for controlling rate of heat exchange with patient
US20040210285A1 (en) * 2002-04-04 2004-10-21 Steven Yon Method of manufacturing a heat transfer element for in vivo cooling without undercuts
US20040230265A1 (en) * 1998-01-23 2004-11-18 Innercool Therapies, Inc. Selective organ cooling apparatus and method
US6849063B1 (en) 1994-03-11 2005-02-01 Wit Ip Corporation Thermal treatment apparatus
US8128595B2 (en) 1998-04-21 2012-03-06 Zoll Circulation, Inc. Method for a central venous line catheter having a temperature control system
US9937329B2 (en) 2010-07-30 2018-04-10 Niazi Licensing Corporation Intra-esophageal balloon system

Cited By (55)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2566266A (en) * 1949-12-20 1951-08-28 Eastman Kodak Co Pressure equalizing device
US3425419A (en) * 1964-08-08 1969-02-04 Angelo Actis Dato Method of lowering and raising the temperature of the human body
US4411265A (en) * 1979-06-18 1983-10-25 Eichenlaub John E Ear wax removing device
US4672962A (en) * 1983-09-28 1987-06-16 Cordis Corporation Plaque softening method
DE3416146A1 (en) * 1984-05-02 1985-11-07 Juergen Hagedorn Device for controlling a common cold
US4793352A (en) * 1986-02-07 1988-12-27 Eichenlaub John E Limited heat transfer device and method
US4949718A (en) * 1988-09-09 1990-08-21 Gynelab Products Intrauterine cauterizing apparatus
USRE37704E1 (en) 1990-03-22 2002-05-14 Argomed Ltd. Thermal treatment apparatus
US5242390A (en) * 1991-05-03 1993-09-07 Goldrath Milton H Endometrium coagulating surgical method for thermal destruction of the endometrium
US5451208A (en) * 1991-05-03 1995-09-19 Goldrath; Milton H. Endometrium coagulating apparatus and surgical method for thermal destruction of the endometrium
US5571153A (en) * 1991-09-20 1996-11-05 Wallst+E,Acu E+Ee N; Hans I. Device for hyperthermia treatment
US5437673A (en) * 1993-02-04 1995-08-01 Cryomedical Sciences, Inc. Closed circulation tissue warming apparatus and method of using the same in prostate surgery
US6849063B1 (en) 1994-03-11 2005-02-01 Wit Ip Corporation Thermal treatment apparatus
US5800493A (en) * 1995-04-26 1998-09-01 Gynecare, Inc. Intrauterine ablation system
US6139571A (en) * 1997-07-09 2000-10-31 Fuller Research Corporation Heated fluid surgical instrument
US6692488B2 (en) 1998-01-23 2004-02-17 Innercool Therapies, Inc. Apparatus for cell necrosis
US7998182B2 (en) 1998-01-23 2011-08-16 Innercool Therapies, Inc. Selective organ cooling apparatus
US7066948B2 (en) 1998-01-23 2006-06-27 Innercool Therapies, Inc. Selective organ cooling apparatus and method
US20040230265A1 (en) * 1998-01-23 2004-11-18 Innercool Therapies, Inc. Selective organ cooling apparatus and method
US6126684A (en) * 1998-04-21 2000-10-03 The Regents Of The University Of California Indwelling heat exchange catheter and method of using same
US6755851B2 (en) 1998-04-21 2004-06-29 Alsius Corporation Indwelling heat exchange catheter and method of using same
US6409747B1 (en) 1998-04-21 2002-06-25 Alsius Corporation Indwelling heat exchange catheter and method of using same
US6416533B1 (en) 1998-04-21 2002-07-09 Alsius Corporation Indwelling heat exchange catheter and method of using same
US6726653B2 (en) 1998-04-21 2004-04-27 Alsius Corp. Indwelling heat exchange catheter and method of using same
US6716236B1 (en) 1998-04-21 2004-04-06 Alsius Corporation Intravascular catheter with heat exchange element having inner inflation element and methods of use
US8128595B2 (en) 1998-04-21 2012-03-06 Zoll Circulation, Inc. Method for a central venous line catheter having a temperature control system
US6589271B1 (en) 1998-04-21 2003-07-08 Alsius Corporations Indwelling heat exchange catheter
US6652565B1 (en) 1998-04-21 2003-11-25 Alsius Corporation Central venous catheter with heat exchange properties
US6066132A (en) * 1998-06-30 2000-05-23 Ethicon, Inc. Articulating endometrial ablation device
US6450990B1 (en) 1998-08-13 2002-09-17 Alsius Corporation Catheter with multiple heating/cooling fibers employing fiber spreading features
US6338727B1 (en) 1998-08-13 2002-01-15 Alsius Corporation Indwelling heat exchange catheter and method of using same
US6146411A (en) * 1998-12-24 2000-11-14 Alsius Corporation Cooling system for indwelling heat exchange catheter
US6454792B1 (en) 1998-12-24 2002-09-24 Alsius Corporation Cooling system for indwelling heat exchange catheter
US6516224B2 (en) 1999-02-19 2003-02-04 Alsius Corporation Method for treating cardiac arrest
US6393320B2 (en) 1999-02-19 2002-05-21 Alsius Corporation Method for treating cardiac arrest
US20030120210A1 (en) * 1999-02-19 2003-06-26 Worthen William J. Method of managing patient temperature with a heat exchange catheter
US6436130B1 (en) 1999-03-02 2002-08-20 Alsius Corporation Cooling system for therapeutic catheter
US6682551B1 (en) 1999-03-11 2004-01-27 Alsius Corporation Method and system for treating cardiac arrest using hypothermia
US6460544B1 (en) 1999-03-11 2002-10-08 Alsius Corporation Method and apparatus for establishing and maintaining therapeutic hypothemia
US6165207A (en) * 1999-05-27 2000-12-26 Alsius Corporation Method of selectively shaping hollow fibers of heat exchange catheter
US6287326B1 (en) 1999-08-02 2001-09-11 Alsius Corporation Catheter with coiled multi-lumen heat transfer extension
US6447474B1 (en) 1999-09-15 2002-09-10 Alsius Corporation Automatic fever abatement system
US20030167034A1 (en) * 1999-09-15 2003-09-04 Balding David P. Automatic fever abatement applications
US20040102827A1 (en) * 1999-10-07 2004-05-27 Innercool Therapies, Inc. Inflatable heat transfer apparatus
US7052508B2 (en) 1999-10-07 2006-05-30 Innercool Therapies, Inc. Inflatable heat transfer apparatus
US6682555B2 (en) 2000-11-13 2004-01-27 Wit Ip Corporation Methods for treating the prostate and inhibiting obstruction of the prostatic urethra using biodegradable stents
US6641602B2 (en) 2001-04-13 2003-11-04 Alsius Corporation Method and device including a colo-rectal heat exchanger
US8172889B2 (en) 2002-04-04 2012-05-08 Innercoll Therapies, Inc. Method of manufacturing a heat transfer element for in vivo cooling without undercuts
US7288109B2 (en) 2002-04-04 2007-10-30 Innercool Therapies. Inc. Method of manufacturing a heat transfer element for in vivo cooling without undercuts
US20040210285A1 (en) * 2002-04-04 2004-10-21 Steven Yon Method of manufacturing a heat transfer element for in vivo cooling without undercuts
US7641632B2 (en) 2002-12-31 2010-01-05 Zoll Circulation, Inc. System and method for controlling rate of heat exchange with patient
US20070293921A1 (en) * 2002-12-31 2007-12-20 Alsius Corporation System and method for controlling rate of heat exchange with patient
US7278984B2 (en) 2002-12-31 2007-10-09 Alsius Corporation System and method for controlling rate of heat exchange with patient
US20040127851A1 (en) * 2002-12-31 2004-07-01 Alsius Corporation System and method for controlling rate of heat exchange with patient
US9937329B2 (en) 2010-07-30 2018-04-10 Niazi Licensing Corporation Intra-esophageal balloon system

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