US2067459A - Method of forming caps - Google Patents

Method of forming caps Download PDF

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Publication number
US2067459A
US2067459A US758837A US75883734A US2067459A US 2067459 A US2067459 A US 2067459A US 758837 A US758837 A US 758837A US 75883734 A US75883734 A US 75883734A US 2067459 A US2067459 A US 2067459A
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United States
Prior art keywords
knobs
cap
die
shaped
implement
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Expired - Lifetime
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US758837A
Inventor
John J Noll
John J Williams
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HAZEL ATLAS GLASS CO
HAZEL-ATLAS GLASS Co
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HAZEL ATLAS GLASS CO
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Application filed by HAZEL ATLAS GLASS CO filed Critical HAZEL ATLAS GLASS CO
Priority to US758837A priority Critical patent/US2067459A/en
Priority claimed from US7544536 external-priority patent/US2066481A/en
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Publication of US2067459A publication Critical patent/US2067459A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D51/00Making hollow objects
    • B21D51/16Making hollow objects characterised by the use of the objects
    • B21D51/38Making inlet or outlet arrangements of cans, tins, baths, bottles, or other vessels; Making can ends; Making closures
    • B21D51/44Making closures, e.g. caps
    • B21D51/50Making screw caps

Description

Jan. 12, 1937. J. J. NOLL ET AL METHOD OF FORMING CAPS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Dec. 22, 1934 (Ittornggk 1 M w J k w Jan. 12, 193% J. J. NOLL El AL 2,067,459

METHOD OF FORMING CAPS Filed Dec. 22, 1934 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 II W 1 MW mm mm Ill I'mnentom Jhn J M12 m cfohn Jmllz'amo' 5m.

attorney 1;

Patented Jan. 12, 1937 mire! STATES PATENT OFFICE m'rnon 0F roams. cars Virginia Application December 22, 1934, Serial No. 758,837

3 Claims. (Cl. 113-421) The invention relates to a metal working method, and more particularly it relates to a method of manufacturing metal closures.

The closure may be of the continuous thread type or the lug type, and its top is provided with two upwardly extending members between which an implement may be inserted to aid in unscrewing the cap. It is not new to provide a closure with upwardly extending members for that purpose. But heretofore either no means was provided for preventing the implement from slipping out of place, or such means consisted of overhanging portions formed on the upwardly extending members. One of the objects of the present invention is to provide a closure of such construction that the implement will not slip out of place, and which avoids the necessity of forming, in the manufacture of the closure, the above-mentioned overhanging portions.

Another object of the invention is to provide a method of forming a closure of such construction that in removing the closure from the receptacle the implement itself will form nicks or dents in the. upwardly extending members, thereby preventing the implement from accidentally slipping out of place.

Another object of the invention is to provide a new method of manufacturing a cap of this nature, involving a minimum number of steps.

A further object of the invention is to provide a method by which the steps in the formation of the closure are performed in a new and improved order, thereby increasing the rate of production and decreasing the cost of production.

Various other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art, from the following detailed description, when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which,

Figure 1 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view of the cut and draw die in open position.

Figure 2 is a similar view showing the die in closed position.

Figure 3 is a perspective view of the blank after the flrstshaping operation.

Figure 4 is a fragmentary view of a conventional thread rolling machine, for threading,

knurling and curling the blank shown in Figure 3.

Figure 5 is a fragmentary view, partly in section, of a second die, and showing the threaded closure in inverted position for the final shaping operation.

Figure 6 is a similar view showing the die in closed position; and

Figure '7 is a perspective view of the completed cap.

Referring to the drawings in more detail, and particularly to Figures 1, 2 and 3, numeral l indicates a fixed cutting ring, having a cutting edge 2. A movable blanking ring is indicated by numeral 3, and numeral 4 refers to a fixed drawing member. Fitted in this drawing member are two dome-shaped drawing knobs, referred to by numeral 5. These drawing knobs are circular throughout in horizontal cross-section.

Mounted for vertical reciprocation is a punch 6, and fitted in this punch is a pad I. This pad has two holes 8 bored therein, the diameter of the holes being substantially that of the greatest diameter of the dome-shaped drawing knobs 5.

The metal from which the closures are to be formed is fed across the die, and as the ram of the press descends the punch 6, cooperating with the cutting edge 2 of the ring 3, cuts out the blank. The further descent of the punch, in 00- operation with the fixed drawing member 4 and the movable blanking ring 3, draws the metal into a hat-shaped blank as clearly shown in Figure 2. And while this shaping operation is being performed the circular walls 8 of the holes 8, in cooperation with the dome-shaped drawing knobs 5, draw dome-shaped knobs 9 in the top of the hatshaped shell I0, as clearly shown in Figures 2 and 3. And it is to be noted that as the drawin knobs 5 are circular throughout in horizontal cross-section, the metal is evenly drawn in all directions.

The first step of the process having been completed and the shell l0 having been produced thereby, the threading operation is next in order, followed by a second die operation which completes the cap. By performing the threading operation between the two die operations in this process, instead of after the two die operations, it is possible to deliver the shells automatically into the threaders, and also it gets rid of the raw sharp edge on the shell which would render it difilcult and dangerous to handle in the second die operation.

Accordingly the shells III are delivered automatically to the threader l l, which is of conventional form, and which is illustrated fragmentarily in Figure 4. The threading machine threads, knurls, and curls the raw edge of the shell or blank, in the well known manner which needs no description. It should be mentioned here however that the invention is not limited to a continuous thread metal cap, but includes any type of metal, cap which is secured in sealing position by rotation on a container.

The closure having been threaded, knurled, and curled, if a closure of this particular type is being manufactured, it is then delivered for a second die operation, which will now be described, reference being bad particularly to Figures 5 and 6.

Numeral l2 refers to a fixed plug which is hollowed out at its upper end to form a basin to receive the shells. The upwardly extending rim it constitutes means for guiding and centering the shells delivered to the plug. The plug is provided with two circular holes it, and it will be noted, by reference to Figure 5, that when the shells are delivered to the basin of the plug i2 they are so centered by the rim [3 that the dome-= shaped knobs 9 are directly over and centered with respect to, the holes it. It will also be noted that the rim i3 is cut away at one: side, as indicated by numeral it, for a purpose to be described hereafter. The plug i2 is also provided with/a. circular raised portion or head it,

which aids in forming the groove or paragon it in the completed closure, shown in Figure 7. It will be understood, however, that the groove or paragon it may not be desired in some forms of closures.

Mounted for vertical reciprocation above the plug i2 is a punch i i, into which punch are fitted two small cylindrical shaping plugs it, in vertical, centered alignment with the holes it and the dome-shaped knobs e. The lower face of the punch il is provided with a circular groove It to cooperate with the circular raised portion I5 on the plug i2, to form the above-mentioned bead or paragon i6.

The punch is shown descending in Figure 5, and in Figure 6 the punch is shown all the way down, completing the cap. As the punch descends the cylindrical shaping plugs It engage centrally the concave side of the dome-shaped knobs 9, and thereby draw the metal into the circular holes 14, thereby transforming the domeshaped knobs into cylindrical shaped knobs 20, of smaller diameter, shown in Figures 6 and 7. And it is to be noted that as the dome-shaped knobs 9 are circular throughout in horizontal cross-section, and as the shaping plugs I81 and the final knobs 20 are all circular in cross-section, that in transforming the dome-shaped knobs to the cylindrical-shaped knobs, the metal is drawn evenly in all directions.

While the knobs 20 are being formed as abovedescribed, the circular raised portion i5 is cooperating with the circular groove l9, to form the bead or paragon l6. And it may also be mentioned that when the punch descends it preferably fits rather snugly within the skirt of the cap, and thereby prevents any deformation ofthe cap skirt during this second and final die operation. 7

The punch now rises, carrying the completed cap-with it, and this cap is preferably ejected by a knockout member 2| carried by the punch, and which is automatically moved downward relatively to the punch, after the punch has risen to a certain point. It is unnecessary to illustrate the means for operating the knockout member 2|, and of course it will be understood that any desired means may be employed for ejecting the completed cap. The completed cap 22 is shown in Figure 7. 1

It will be noted that in the second or final die operation the shell is inverted, so that it is in mouth-up position. The inverting of the shells,

accuses prior to the second die operation, facilitates the delivering of the shells to the plug II, the centering of theshells with respect to the die, and the ejection of the completed caps. If the shells were not inverted it would be necessary to move them forward over a plug and then drop them vertically onto a plug. By inverting the shells it is possible to merely deliver them by means of a chute, such as'indicated by numeral 23, in connection with any desired timer; and as each shell is delivered it merely rides through the abovementioned opening l3 of the rim i3, and is accurately guided to centered position by the rim. Also, as mentioned hereinbefore, when the cap is inverted for the second die operation the completed cap is lifted with the punch, thereby facili= tating removal of the completed cap.

The method of making the cap having been fully described, brief reference is now made to the completed article 22, shown in Figure 7. The purpose of the knobs 2D is, of course, to facilitate removal of the cap from its container. It will be noted that while the cylindrical knobs are of a fairly large diameter, to give sumclent strength, yet they are also widely spaced, so that any desired implement, such as a. letter opener, case knife, kitchen knife, etc., can be inserted between them, and a very good leverage will be obtained for unscrewing or turning the closure, for removal.

It will also be noted that the upstanding walls of the knobs are substantially vertical, and thus the actual shape of the knobs is not such as to prevent the opening implement from accidentally slipping out of place. In other words, the Males are not provided with any overhanging portions for preventing accidental displacement of the opening implement. But as will now be pointed out the closure of the present invention does prevent the opening implement from accidentally slipping out of place, and it accomplishes this without the overhang, thereby avoiding in the method disclosed herein the additional step of forming overhanging portions.

It will be noted that the knobs 20 are circular in cross-section, and hence when the opening implement is inserted between the knobs it comes into contact with only a small area of the knobs; and these knobs are of sufliciently thin metal that the pressure of the opening implement, in contact with only a small area of the thin metal, forms a dent or nick in the knobs, thereby preventing accidental displacement of the implement. In other words, the implement itself forms the means for preventing displacement. And, of course, the greater the pressure required in turning off the cap, the-greater will be the dents formed in the walls of the knobs. While the cylindrical knobs are much preferred for giving the reduced area of contact with the implement yet other shapes, such for example as triangular shaped knobs or oval shaped knobs could be so positioned as to present only small areas to the opening implement, which small area in combination with this thinmetal, permits the opening implement to form its own means for preventing accidental displacement.

From the foregoing description it will be apparent that we have devised a very simple method of manufacturing a cap of this type requiring only two die operations, that in both die operations the metal for forming the knobs is drawn evenly in all directions, that by performing the threading operation between the two die operations the trouble and danger of handling the blanks with raw sharp edges is eliminated in the second die operation, that by inverting the shells for the second die operation the feedin and centering of the shells and the ejection of the completed-cap are facilitated, that by means of the two die operations a cap is produced which though not having overhanging portions yet does prevent accidental displacement of the opening implement, that the knobs of the cap produced by this method areof considerable diameter to give sufiicient strength but are widely spaced to permit the use of almost any kind of opening implement, that the knobs are of such thin metal and of such shape that only small areas of the knobs come into contact with the opening implement, whereby the implement forms its own anti-displacement means by pressing dents or nicks in the walls of the knobs, and that the greater the pressure required to turn the cap the greater the opening implement will dig into the knobs.

No claim is made herein to the cap, as such subject-matter is claimed in our divisional apdirections to transform the dome-shaped knobs into cylindrical-shaped knobs of smaller diameter.

2. The method of forming metal screw caps, which includes simultaneously drawing two spaced circular dome-shaped knobs in the'blank, then threading and curling the blank, then inverting the blank to mouth-up position and centering the two downwardly projecting dome-shaped knobs over two circular holes, and then causing two cylindrical shaping plugs to centrally engage the inverted domes and draw the metal thereof into the circular holes, to transform the domeshaped knobs into cylindrical-shaped knobs of smaller diameter.

3. The steps in a method of forming metal caps which are mounted on containers by rotation, which include simultaneously drawing two spaced circular dome-shaped knobs into the blank, then inverting the blank to mouth-up position, then centering the blank in a basin with the two downwardly projecting dome-shaped knobs centered over two circular holes, then causing two cylindrical shaping plugs to centrally engage the inverted domes and draw the metal thereof into the circular holes, to transform the dome-shaped knobs into cylindrical-shaped knobs of smaller diameter, then lifting the cap from the centering basin with the shaping plugs, and then ejecting the cap.

JOHN J. NOLL. JOHN J. WILLIAMS.

US758837A 1934-12-22 1934-12-22 Method of forming caps Expired - Lifetime US2067459A (en)

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Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US758837A US2067459A (en) 1934-12-22 1934-12-22 Method of forming caps
US7544536 US2066481A (en) 1934-12-22 1936-04-20 Metal closure

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2676684A (en) * 1948-12-11 1954-04-27 Borg Warner Synchronized clutch with thrust bar
US3545249A (en) * 1968-04-08 1970-12-08 Dayton Reliable Tool & Mfg Co Dimple and method of forming same
US4096729A (en) * 1977-05-31 1978-06-27 General Motors Corporation Sheet metal draw die apparatus

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2676684A (en) * 1948-12-11 1954-04-27 Borg Warner Synchronized clutch with thrust bar
US3545249A (en) * 1968-04-08 1970-12-08 Dayton Reliable Tool & Mfg Co Dimple and method of forming same
US4096729A (en) * 1977-05-31 1978-06-27 General Motors Corporation Sheet metal draw die apparatus

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