US2067062A - Drawing mechanism for substantially elongated filaments - Google Patents

Drawing mechanism for substantially elongated filaments Download PDF

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Publication number
US2067062A
US2067062A US46011A US4601135A US2067062A US 2067062 A US2067062 A US 2067062A US 46011 A US46011 A US 46011A US 4601135 A US4601135 A US 4601135A US 2067062 A US2067062 A US 2067062A
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rolls
roll
filaments
sliver
substantially elongated
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US46011A
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John G Oswald
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Whitin Machine Works
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Whitin Machine Works
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01GPRELIMINARY TREATMENT OF FIBRES, e.g. FOR SPINNING
    • D01G1/00Severing continuous filaments or long fibres, e.g. stapling
    • D01G1/06Converting tows to slivers or yarns, e.g. in direct spinning
    • D01G1/08Converting tows to slivers or yarns, e.g. in direct spinning by stretching or abrading

Description

J. G. OSWALD 2 061062 DRAWING MECHANISM FOR SUBSTANTIALLY ELONGATED FILAMENTS Jan. 5 1937.

Filed Oct. 21, 1935 5 Sheets-Sheet l ATTRNEYS I Patented Jan. 5, 1937 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE DRAWING MECHANISM FOR SUBSTAN-. TIALLY ELONGATED FILAMENTS Application October 21, P535, Serial No. 46,011

4 Claims.

tain kinds of yarn and it is often desirable to break up the continuous or substantially elongated filaments into relatively short lengths cor,- responding approximately to the usual len th of other associated fibers such as wool or cotton.

In one method previously proposed for accomplishing this result, a sliver of parallel continuous filaments was first produced by assembling a relatively large number of such continuous filao ments in parallel relation, after which the assembled filaments were broken up into relatively short pieces while retaining their previous parallel relation as in the initial sliver. Theresulting sliver was then directly drawn and spun, as avoiding the necessity of performing a large number of previously required intermediate operations such as carding, combing and gilling.

When an attempt was made to practice the method above outlined by the use of the usual drawing mechanism then available, the results were found quite unsatisfactory for the reason that no uniform length of broken filament was produced but the length of the pieces of broken filament was entirely irregular and varied between very wide limits.

It is the general object -of my present invention to provide improved drawing mechanism for carrying out the method or process above outlined, by the use of which improved mechanism a substantial uniformity in the length of the broken filaments is attained.

To the accomplishment of this object, I have provided improvements in the drawing-mechanism previously known and used for such purposes, which improvements will be hereinafter described and more particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

While my improved drawing mechanism is of substantial value when used directly on a sliver I of continuous filaments as previously proposed,

I have found that it is of even greater value when used in combination with preliminary drawing apparatus by which the continuous filaments are first transformed into a sliver of substantially elongated but discontinuous filaments,

which are thereafter broken up into relatively short and substantially uniform lengths by the operation of my improved drawing mechanism.

A preferred form of my invention is shown in the drawings,-in which Fig. 1 is a sectional side elevation of a drawing mechanism for a spinning or roving frame which embodies my invention;

Figs. 2 and 3 are diagrammatic side elevations showing the production and subsequent drafting of slivers of discontinuous-but substantially elongated filaments, and

Fig. 4 is a diagrammatic side elevation showing a further application of the invention. Referring particularly to Fig. 1, I have provided a set of back rolls B mounted on a bracket l0, a set of intermediate or holding rolls R mounted on a bracket I l, and a set of delivery rolls Dmounted in bearings in the lower end portion of the roll stand l2.

The brackets l0 and H are preferably slidably mounted on the stand I 2 and may be secured in adjusted positions by bolts l3. By

4 sliding the brackets Ill and II to different positions on the stand l2, any desired spacing between the different sets of rolls may be secured.

Adjustment of the bracket III for the back rolls B is not usually necessary, but the bracket- H for the intermediate rolls R is commonly adjusted back and forth along the stand l2 in accordance with the length of staple desired.

The lower back roll 20 is to be positively r0- tated. The lower back roll 20 and intermediate roll 2| are provided with gears 24 of equal size, both engaging an intermediate gear 25. Accordingly the roll 2| is driven at the same speed as the roll 20, and as the rolls are of the same diameter, the surface speed of these two rolls is also equal.

The lower front drawing roll 22 is positively driven at a substantially faster speed through gears 30, 3| and 32, so that a substantial drawing action takes place between the'intermedlate rolls R and the delivery rolls D.

The second intermediate roll 40 and the sec- 0nd or top delivery roll 4| rest upon the lower drawing rolls 2| and 22 respectively, and the rolls 40 and 4| are loaded to exert substantial downward pressure on the associated lower rolls.

The most important feature of my invention is the provision of cushion coverings 44 on the rolls 4!! and 4|. This covering material on the intermediate roll 40 is preferably of relatively soft rubber, either natural or synthetic, but other suitable cushioning material may be used on the roll 4|, such as leather or cork.

When the sliver S from a spool or other supply L is passed through the several sets of rolls along the path indicated in the drawings, the sliver is firmly gripped between the intermediate rolls 2| and I and also between the delivery rolls 22 and ll. As the delivery rolls rotate at a substantially greater surface speed than the intermediate rolls, a substantial drawing action takes place which naturally results in breaking the substantially elongated filaments of the sliver S.

The sliver, as previously stated, is made up of a large number of substantially parallel and continuous or substantially elongated filaments. With the previous mechanism which used all metal rolls, it was found that the filaments were not uniformly gripped by the rolls but that many of the filaments passed through loosely while other filaments or groups of filaments were gripped and broken. Consequently the sliver after passing through the drawing rolls was found to entirely lack uniformity in length of staple and contained many very short and very long pieces of filament in addition to some pieces of the desired length.

With my improved construction, the yielding or cushion surfaces of the rolls 40 and 4| firmly grip and hold all of the filaments, regardless of variations in size or arrangement, and a yarn is produced having the elongated filaments broken into pieces having a length of staple corresponding to the yarn which it is desired to produce. This length of staple may be widely varied by shifting the intermediate roll bracket II toward or away from the delivery rolls D.

The back rolls B act only to tension the filaments, and any other common tensioning means may be substituted therefor.

Preferably, upper rolls 5!] and SI are provided in the sets of back and intermediate rolls B and R. These upper rolls 50 and 5| may be utilized to apply weight to the middle rolls of each set and also to afiord additional contact with the sliver which is thereby more firmly engaged and held.

Referring to Fig. 2, I have shown apparatus comprising back rolls B, intermediate rolls R and front rolls F, together with a spool L. This apparatus acts to break continuous filaments into substantially elongated pieces, seven inch lengths being found to be suitable. The upper front roll 60 is preferably provided with a cushion covering, as is common in such drawing mechanism, and the middle intermediate roll 6| may be a. rubber-covered roll as previously described, but for this initial breaking operation it is usually more satisfactory to use a full set of steel rolls in the preliminary drawing mechanism, with the exception ofthe upper front roll 60.

In Fig. 3 I have indicated diagrammatically my improved drawing mechanism as previously described and shown in detail in Fig. 1. In this mechanism, the upper front roll 10 is preferably a cushion roll and the middle intermediate roll II is provided with. a soft rubber covering, either natural or synthetic.

The slivers S on the supply spools L are assumed to be formed of substantially elongated discontinuous filaments and are assumed to be the product of the preliminary drawing apparatus shown in Fig. 2. Preferably two or more slivers S from the preliminary apparatus will be assembled to form the sliver S thus substantially increasing the uniformity in size of the product of the mechanism shown in Fig. 3. The sliver S receives a second breaking action in the machine of Fig. 3, so that the filaments will be broken to about one-half the length of those produced from the initial breaking operation. This product possesses exceptional uniformity in length of fiber, as produced by my improved drawing mechanism previously described.

In Fig. 4 I have indicated diagrammatically a continuous drawing mechanism by which the two steps indicated in Figs and 3 may be performed as a continuous process. Cushion rolls and 8| and a rubber covered roll 82 are provided, all as previously described. This form of apparatus reduces the required number of drawing frames for a given-output but does not as readily adapt itself to the doubling of the sliver for increase in uniformity of size or weight.

The term substantially elongated filaments as used herein is intended to define both continuous filaments and filaments of a length at least twice that of the desired length of staple in the finished product.

Having thus described my invention and the advantages thereof, I do not wish to be limited to the details herein disclosed, otherwise than as set forth in the claims, but what I claim is:-

1. Mechanism for drawing and breaking a sliver of substantially elongated filaments into a reduced sliver of staple fibers of shorter and substantially uniform length, comprising means for applying substantial tension to said filaments, a set of front delivery rolls, a plurality of cooperating holding rolls positioned between said tensioning means and said front delivery rolls, one holding roll and one delivery roll being positively driven, and the holding roll which enga es the upper surface of said driven holding roll having a yielding rubber surface engaging said substantially elongated filaments and substantially preventing slipping thereof relative to said driven holding roll.

2. Mechanism for drawing and breaking a slive of substantially elongated filaments into a reduced sliver of staple fibers of shorter and substantially uniform length, comprising means for applying substantial tension to said filaments, a set of front delivery rolls, a plurality of cooperating holding rolls positioned between said tensioning means and said front delivery rolls, and means to maintain a definite spacing between said holding rolls and said delivery rolls, one holding roll and one delivery roll being positively driven, and the holding roll which engages the upper surface of said driven holding roll having a yielding rubber surface engaging said substantially elongated filaments and substantially preventing slipping thereof relative to said driven holding roll, and the upper front delivery roll having a cushioned surface to likewise prevent slipping of said filaments relative to the driven front delivery roll.

3. Mechanism for drawing and breaking a sliver of substantially elongated filaments into a reduced sliver of staple fibers of shorter and substantially uniform length, comprising means for applying substantial tension to said filaments, a set of front delivery rolls, a set of three holding rolls positioned between said tensioning means and said front delivery rolls, and means to maintain a definite spacing between said holding rolls and said delivery rolls, one roll of each set being positively driven. and the middle roll of the three holding rolls having a yielding rubber surface en- 75 gaging said substantially elongated filaments and substantially preventing slipping thereof relative to said driven holding roll.

4. Mechanism for drawing and breaking a sliver of substantially elongated filaments into a reduced sliver of staple fibers of shorter and substantially uniform length, comprising means'for applying substantial tension to said filaments, a set of front delivery rolls, a set of three holding rolls positioned between said tensioning means and said front delivery rolls, and means to maintain a definite spacing between said holding rolls and said delivery rolls, one roll of each set being positively driven, and the middle roll of the three holding rolls having a yielding rubber surface engaging said substantially elongated filaments and substantially preventing slipping thereof relative to said driven holding roll, and the upper front delivery roll having a cushioned surface to likewise prevent slipping of said filaments relative to the driven front delivery roll.

' 7 JOHN G. OSWALD.

US46011A 1935-10-21 1935-10-21 Drawing mechanism for substantially elongated filaments Expired - Lifetime US2067062A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2464882A (en) * 1946-05-31 1949-03-22 Jr Charles Eugene Neisler Means for making slub or flake spun yarn from continuous filaments
US2523854A (en) * 1946-02-04 1950-09-26 Burlington Mills Corp Manufacture of staple yarn from continuous filaments
US2581566A (en) * 1948-11-05 1952-01-08 Celanese Corp Production of spun yarns
US2611931A (en) * 1947-06-20 1952-09-30 Rieter Joh Jacob & Cie Ag Arrangement for producing a spun short-fiber yarn
US2640228A (en) * 1947-05-06 1953-06-02 Saco Lowell Shops Mechanism for drafting rayon tow
DE898418C (en) * 1942-02-19 1953-11-30 Hermann Dipl-Ing Kluftinger Drafting system with about arranged the central cylinder pair of head roller for from preferably long and long fibers by existing Faserbaender
US2688160A (en) * 1948-08-04 1954-09-07 Du Pont Direct spinning
US2721440A (en) * 1951-02-13 1955-10-25 American Viscose Corp Process for producing direct spun yarns from strands of continuous fibers
US3087203A (en) * 1961-01-30 1963-04-30 Crompton & Knowles Corp Methods of manufacturing composite webs from tow
US3339237A (en) * 1963-07-31 1967-09-05 Rhodiaceta Apparatus for converting tow into sliver
US3945188A (en) * 1973-04-19 1976-03-23 Pierre Muller Method of spinning synthetic textile fibers

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE898418C (en) * 1942-02-19 1953-11-30 Hermann Dipl-Ing Kluftinger Drafting system with about arranged the central cylinder pair of head roller for from preferably long and long fibers by existing Faserbaender
US2523854A (en) * 1946-02-04 1950-09-26 Burlington Mills Corp Manufacture of staple yarn from continuous filaments
US2464882A (en) * 1946-05-31 1949-03-22 Jr Charles Eugene Neisler Means for making slub or flake spun yarn from continuous filaments
US2640228A (en) * 1947-05-06 1953-06-02 Saco Lowell Shops Mechanism for drafting rayon tow
US2611931A (en) * 1947-06-20 1952-09-30 Rieter Joh Jacob & Cie Ag Arrangement for producing a spun short-fiber yarn
US2688160A (en) * 1948-08-04 1954-09-07 Du Pont Direct spinning
US2581566A (en) * 1948-11-05 1952-01-08 Celanese Corp Production of spun yarns
US2721440A (en) * 1951-02-13 1955-10-25 American Viscose Corp Process for producing direct spun yarns from strands of continuous fibers
US3087203A (en) * 1961-01-30 1963-04-30 Crompton & Knowles Corp Methods of manufacturing composite webs from tow
US3339237A (en) * 1963-07-31 1967-09-05 Rhodiaceta Apparatus for converting tow into sliver
US3945188A (en) * 1973-04-19 1976-03-23 Pierre Muller Method of spinning synthetic textile fibers

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