US2050629A - Electric telemetering system - Google Patents

Electric telemetering system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2050629A
US2050629A US725172A US72517234A US2050629A US 2050629 A US2050629 A US 2050629A US 725172 A US725172 A US 725172A US 72517234 A US72517234 A US 72517234A US 2050629 A US2050629 A US 2050629A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
movable
windings
pair
winding
telemetering
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US725172A
Inventor
John F Quercau
Jr Albert J Williams
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Leeds and Northrup Co
Original Assignee
Leeds and Northrup Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Leeds and Northrup Co filed Critical Leeds and Northrup Co
Priority to US725172A priority Critical patent/US2050629A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2050629A publication Critical patent/US2050629A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01GWEIGHING
    • G01G7/00Weighing apparatus wherein the balancing is effected by magnetic, electromagnetic, or electrostatic action, or by means not provided for in the preceding groups
    • G01G7/02Weighing apparatus wherein the balancing is effected by magnetic, electromagnetic, or electrostatic action, or by means not provided for in the preceding groups by electromagnetic action
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01FMEASURING VOLUME, VOLUME FLOW, MASS FLOW OR LIQUID LEVEL; METERING BY VOLUME
    • G01F23/00Indicating or measuring liquid level, or level of fluent solid material, e.g. indicating in terms of volume, indicating by means of an alarm
    • G01F23/30Indicating or measuring liquid level, or level of fluent solid material, e.g. indicating in terms of volume, indicating by means of an alarm by floats
    • G01F23/56Indicating or measuring liquid level, or level of fluent solid material, e.g. indicating in terms of volume, indicating by means of an alarm by floats using elements rigidly fixed to and rectilinearly moving with the floats as transmission elements
    • G01F23/62Indicating or measuring liquid level, or level of fluent solid material, e.g. indicating in terms of volume, indicating by means of an alarm by floats using elements rigidly fixed to and rectilinearly moving with the floats as transmission elements using magnetically actuated indicating means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S177/00Weighing scales
    • Y10S177/10Telemetric
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S33/00Geometrical instruments
    • Y10S33/05Differential transformer

Description

Aug. 11, 1936. J. F. QUEREAU ET AL 2,050,629
ELECTRIC TELEMETERING SYSTEM Filed May 11, 1934 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 iNVENTOiS mgwmuwg- MzdQM 121M TTORNEY Aug. 11, 1936.
ELECTRIC TELEMETERING SYSTEM J. F. QUER EAU ET AL Filed May 11, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet v,2
INVENTORS 5 ATTORNEY.
Patented Aug. 11, 1936 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ELECTRIC TELEMETERING SYSTEM Application May 11, 1934, Serial No. 725,172
25 Claims. (Cl. 177-351) Our invention relates to electric telemetering systems and more particularly to such systems for obtaining an indication, at a distance, of the position or movement of a movable body, which movement may be either the primary effect to be measured, or a secondary effect, dependent upon, and responsive to, any variable quantity such as weight, pressure, temperature, differential pressure, fluid flow, 'etc.
There have been devised heretofore certain electric telemetering systems in which the motion of a movable body is transmitted to a distance by means including an inductance-resistance bridge, the primary or transmitting movable member being effective to vary the inductance arms of the bridge and the secondary or receiving movable element being associated with a device for balancing the bridge through the resistance arms. Such arrangements, however,
20 have presented a number of practical difficulties. The resistance components of the two inductance arms of the bridge are constant in magnitude and independent of the position of the movable core while, of course, the reactance of such ele- 25 merits varies within wide limits. The result is that, with variations in position of the movable core of the inductance arms of the bridge, the phase angle of the current delivered to the balancing circuit varies, with the result that the 30 current flowing through the measuring arm of the bridge cannot be reduced to zero and, at the apparent balance point, there is still a large quadrature current through the balancing galvanometer in the arm. This quadrature our- 35 rent adversely affects the accuracy of the telemetering system. Furthermore, any change in the phase of the galvanometcr field, occasioned by changes in the voltage of the system or other causes, introduces an additional error. More 40 over, under these circumstances, the bridge circuit and the transmitting conductors are connected directly to the power supply which imposes certain limitations upon their design, in general requiring the inductance elements hav- 45 mg a considerable reactance. In general, also,
this type of apparatus has been relatively insensitive, requiring a relatively large movement of the movable core associated with the inductance arms of the bridge to secure adequate 50 movement of the secondary or receiving movable element; these large movements involving the application of considerable operating forces.
In accordance with our invention, an improved telemetering system comprises a master or trans- 55 mitting movable member, and an inductive winding and associated magnetizable member or core member. A pair of additional windings is in energy-transferring relationship with the inductive winding and preferably comprises secondary windings of a transformer, the primary 5 of which consists of the first-mentioned inductive winding. One or both of the windings of said pair and the magnetizable member are movable relative to each other and at least one of these elements is movable with the master or 10 transmitting member.
A receiving system, including an indicating device, is connected in circuit with the pair of windings for giving a response which is a measure of the movement of the master or transmitting movable member. This system may include an indicating scale or may comprise any secondary or receiving movable member effective directly or indirectly to indicate, control, or regulate any desired apparatus or system. Preferably, the receiving system includes apparatus connected in circuit with the indicating device and the pair of windings for balancing the indicating device; more specifically, the balancing apparatus comprises resistance provided with a movable contact, component portions of the resistance device and the secondary windings forming a bridge circuit across which is connected the indicating device. The movement of the movable contact of the balancing apparatus is a measure of the movement of the primary or transmitting movable member.
Telemetering systems of our invention are characterized by extreme sensitivity requiring a minimum relative motion between movable parts for full range operation of the receiving or secondary member and involving a minimum operating force for the primary system. For example, our invention has been embodied in a telemetering system in which the maximum relative motion of the primary elements was i008 inch for full range of operation of the secondary member and in which the maximum operating force was 0.0? gram.
For a better understanding of our invention, together with other and further features thereof, reference is had to the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, and its scope will be pointed out in the appended claims.
Referring to the drawings, Fig. 1 illustrates an embodiment of a primary or transmitting movable apparatus suitable for use in connection with our improved electric telemetering systems;
Fig. 2 is a circuit diagram of one embodiment of our improved electric telemetering systems to which may be applied the apparatus of Fig. 1;
Figs. 3 and 4 are circuit diagrams of modified forms of the electric telemetering system shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 illustrates the application of our telemetering systems to the continuous measurement of the weight of a travelling strip or filament, and
Fig. 6 shows a modified form of the primary understood in the art, comprises an elastic tube sealed at one end and bent to form a spiral or circular member, the other end of the tube l2 being connected to an inlet pipe l3 which, in turn, is connected to any suitable source of fluid pressure of which a remote measurement is desired.
The sealed end of the Bourdon tube I12 is connected through motion-transmitting mechanism to the movable member of an electromagnetic primary or transmitting mechanism. This mechanism comprises a primary winding, a pair of secondary windings inductively related thereto, and a magnetizable member, the magnetizable member and one or both of the secondary windings being relatively movable. For example, the magnetizabie member may be movable and may comprise a magnetic core or armature 4 located within a stationary elongated coil or winding i5. The coil |5 preferably extends for a suitable distance beyond each end of the core member M, as illustrated. Associated with the coil I5 is a pair of windings or coils l6 and il inductively related to the coil i5 and preferably comprising a pair of concentrated windings or coils mounted concentrically with respect to the coil i5v near or adjacent the ends of the movable core member M. The coils I 5, l6 and i1 preferably comprise a unitary structure suitably supported rigidly in the housing Ill and constituting, in effect, a stationary transformer with a movable or adjustable magnetic core member. The ends of the coils l5, l6 and I! may be brought out to suitable terminals l8 of a terminal board I9 secured to the casing l0.
Any suitable motion-transmitting mechanism may be utilized to interconnect the sealed end of the Bourdon tube |2 to the movable core member l4. By way of example only, I have illustrated such a mechanism comprising a balancing beam 20 supported by a knife edge 2| resting in a recess 22 in a bearing block 23. As illustrated, the knife edge 2| is adjustable along the balancing beam 20 and may be secured at any desired position by means of lock nuts 24. One end of the beam 2|! is connected to the sealed end of the Bourdon tube 2 through an adjustable link 25 connected by knife edge bearings 26 and 21 to the end of the beam 20 and the end of the tube I2, respectively.
The core member I4 is supported from the other end of the beam 20 by means of link 28 suspended from a knife-edge bearing 29. If
desired, a balancing weight 30 may be mounted on the beam 20 and adjustably secured by a set screw 3| to maintain the movable system in a desired state of balance. In addition, the bearing block 23 may be adjustable along a carriage 32 provided with a slot 33 cooperating with suitable pins or screws 34 of the bearing block 23. The purpose of adjusting the bearing block 23 is, obviously, to maintain the ends of the balancing beam 20 and the supporting knife 1 edges 26 and 29 in vertical alignment with the movable end of the Bourdon tube l2 and the axis of coil |5, respectively, for various positions of the knife edge 2| on the beam 20.
If desired, the measurement of the pressure 1 within the tube l3 may be indicated at the apparatus itself by means of a dial scale 35, (largely broken away in the drawings for the sake of clarity) supported from the casing I0, and a cooperating pointer 36 mounted on a 2 pinion 31 pivotally supported at the center of the dial 35. The pinion 3'! is operated by a toothed sector 38 pivoted at 39 and having a projecting arm 40 connected to the movable end of the Bourdon tube |2 through link 4|. 2
The operation of the above-described primary or motion-transmitting apparatus, in response to variations in the fluid pressure supplied to the inlet i3, will be apparent to those skilled in the art. As the pressure rises and falls, the tube i2 3 expands and contracts, raising and lowering the outer or sealed end of the tube |2, which motion is transmitted through the mechanism comprising the beam 20 and links 25 and 28 to the movable core member i4. As the core mem- 3 her |4 falls and rises, it decreases and increases, respectively, the magnetic coupling between the coil l5 and the coil l6 and, at the same time, increases and decreases, respectively, the coupling between coil I5 and coil With the primary winding |5 connected to a suitable source of alternating current, the rise of the core member l4 produces an increase in the voltage of the coil l6 and a simultaneous decrease in the voltage of the coil H, or vice versa.
The coil I6 is connected over the conductors 44 to an adjustable resistance, such as a slidewire 45, located at the receiving station. Similarly, the coil I1 is connected over the conductors 46 to the slidewire 41. Preferably impedances, such as resistors 48 and 49, are connected in series with the slidewires 45 and 41, respectively, to increase the operating range of the receiving system for a given movement of the primary system. As indicated, the polarity of one of the coils, in this case the coil I6, is reversed in respect to that of the coil l7 and their adjacent conductors 44 and 45 are connected together, as at 44c, and to the junction be- 6 tween resistors 48 and 49. With these connections, the outer conductors 44 and 46 and outer terminals of the slidewires 45 and 41 have the same polarity with respect to their common connection. The slidewires 45 and 41 are provided 65 erating scale indicated schematically at 56 and 51, respectively.
In considering the operation of the above-described apparatus, it will be assumed that the pressure obtaining at the inlet [3 is normal, and the movable. mechanism of the pressureresponsive apparatus is adjusted so that the movable core member occupies its neutral or mid-position, with the result that the voltages generated in the secondary coils l5 and I? are equal. Under these conditions, the indicating device or galvanometer 53 will be balanced when the adjustable contacts 50 and 5| are in substantially the mid-positions of their cooperating slidewires 45 and 41, respectively, this position of balance being indicated by zero deflection of the device 53.
If the pressure in the inlet l3 should rise, the movable member M will be correspondingly lowered, the voltage generated in coil IE will decrease, and that in the coil 11 increase; and, in order to balance the indicating device 53, the adjustable contacts 50 and 5| must be moved upwardly, as referred to Fig. 2. This movement will increase the portion of the voltage of the coil 16 derived from the potentiometer, including the resistance 48 and the slidewire 45, and will correspondingly decrease that derived from the coil H. The amount of the movement of the adjustable contacts 50 and 5l will be a measure f of the change in pressure at the inlet I3 and,
with a proper calibration, the pointer 55, associated with the movable contacts 50, 5|, will indicate the actual pressure in the inlet I3. Obviously, upon a fall in pressure in the inlet l3, the reverse operation takes place.
If a less accurate measurement of pressure is satisfactory, the adjustable contacts 50, 5| may be moved to balance the system for normal pressure at the inlet i3, in which case the defiection of the indicating device 53 may be used as an approximate indication of the pressure obtaining. The error in such use is, of course, occasioned by the resistance drops in the system due to the galvanometer current.
The main transmitting mechanism between the tube l2 and the movable core member l4 may be adjusted to move the core member [4 within its normal range of operation for normal variations in pressure at the inlet l3. Similarly, by proper selection of resistors 48 and 49, this may correspond .to a full range operation 'of the receiving mechanism. By concentrating the secondary windings l6 and I1, near or adjacent the ends of the movable core member I4, a relatively small movement of the core member I4 produces relatively large variations in the voltages induced in the coils i6 and I1, requiring relatively large adjustments of the. contacts 50 and 5|. Thus, the motion of the end of the Bourdon tube I2 may be amplified or decreased in accordance with the requirements of the system. As stated above, such an apparatus has been embodied in a telemetering system requiring a movement of only 0.08 inch of the travel of the core member 14 on each side of neutral for the full range of operation of the receiving element, and involving a maximum operating force on the core member 14 of only 0.07 gram.
The purpose of the phase-shifting device 43 is to bring the currents in the resistances 45, 41, 48, 49 and thus their terminal voltages, in proper phase with the current in the field winding 54 of the galvanometer 53 to secure accurate operation of this indicating device.
In the above-described system, the accuracy of indication at the receiving station is entirely independent of the distance between the stations or the resistances of the conductors, provided only that the loop resistances of the two pairs of conductors are equal. Hence, when the receiving and transmitting stations are separated by a suitable distance and/or when the resistance of the interconnecting conductors may be appreciable in respect to the resistances of the other elements of the system, the arrangement of Fig. 2 is preferable. However, when the stations are relatively close, or the resistance of the interconnecting conductors is relatively low, or where extreme accuracy is not required, the systems of Figs. 3 or 4 may be utilized to advantage.
In the arrangement of I g. 3, the connection between the coils l6 and I1 is made at the transmitting station so that a single conductor 44a replaces the two conductors of Fig. 2 connected in the receiving station at 44a, and thus permits the use of only three wires interconnecting the stations. In this case, also, the proper phase relation between the field and armature currents of the galvanometer 53 is secured by a phaseadjusting impedance, such as a condenser 43a connected in series with the primary winding l5. In this system, the movable core member i4 is shown, by way of modification, as being operated in response to the fiuid level of a mercury manometer 58 which measures the pressure within a fluid-conductor 59. In all respects, the opera tion is similar to that described above in connection with Fig. 2. As the movable core member I4 is raised and lowered in response to variations in pressure in the fluid conductor 59, the voltage distribution between the coils I6 and H is varied and, as the indicating device 53 is maintained in a balanced condition under the new voltage distribution, by means of the adjustable contacts 50 and 5|, the position of these contacts, as indicated by the pointer 56 and the scale 51, is a measure of the pressure in the conductor 59.
In the system of Fig. 4, the two slidewires 45 and 41 of Figs. 2 and 3 are replaced by a single slidewire 60 and cooperating adjustable contact 6|. The outer conductors 44 and 46 are connected to the outer terminals of the slidewire 60, while the central or neutral conductor 44a is connected to the adjustable contact through the galvanometer 53, and in all respects the connections are similar.
The operation of the system of Fig. 4 is substantially similar to that of the foregoing systems. As the voltage distribution between coils l6, I1 is varied in response to the movement of v the primary movable member and connected core member l4, the system is balanced to reduce the deflection of the galvanometer 53 to zero by movement of the single adjustable contact 6|, the position of this contact being a measure of the movement of the primary movable member. The error in this system is due to the effect of the resistance of the conductors upon the balancing position of the adjustable contact 6|.
In Fig. 5 is shown an application of the telemetering system of our invention to the continuous weighing of a moving strand or filamentary thread. This apparatus comprises a scalebeam 63 supported from a knife edge 64 and provided with an adjustable balancing weight 65 and counterweight 66. The strand or filamentary thread 61 to .be weighed is supplied from a feed reel 68 and passes over a stationary idler pulley 69 and one or a pair of idler pulleys 10 supported from the scale beam 63 near its fulcrum 84, thence around a guide reel ll journalled at the outer end of the beam 63; over the other idler pulley 10, the stationary idler pulley l2, and a re-wind reel '13 driven by any suitable device, such as a motor 14. The movable core member l4 depends from the scale beam 63 through a linkage mechanism 15. The arrangement of the movable core member I4 and the primary and secondary coils l5, l6 and I1 is substantially similar to that shown in Fig. 1.
The operation of the apparatus of Fig. 5 will be clearly understood from the following description. As the strand or filamentary thread 61 passes continuously over the guide reel H, the length of the thread supported between the idler pulleys and the guide reel II is constant so that the total Weight of the thread will depend solely upon its weight per unit length. Any variations from normal in this unit weight ,will tend to unbalance the scale beam 63, transmitting a motion to the movable core member M which, in-turn, is transmitted to the receiving station by any of the circuits of Figs. 2, 3 or 4. It will be noted that the indication of the weight of the strand or thread is completely independent of the speed at which it is wound upon the reel 13, as the length supported from the scale beam 63 is constant irrespective of the speed.
In Fig. 6 is illustrated a modification of the transmitting apparatus of Fig. 1 suitable for transmitting to the receiving station an indication of the angular position of a pointer or an arm 16 supported from a pivotally mounted shaft 11. The angular position of the pointer I6 is imparted to a pulley 18 through a reducing gearing 19. Upon the pulley I8 is wound a supporting cord 80 to which is attached a movable coil element l6a corresponding to the upper coil l6 of Fig. 1. In this arrangement the primary coil [5a and the other secondary coil 11a are arranged similarly to the apparatus of Fig. 1, but the core member I40, is stationary rather than movable, as is the core member Id of Fig.
1. Since the voltage induced in the coil l'la is constant under all conditions, it may be connected directly to the supply circuit 42 either with or without the interposition of a transformer. The operation of the apparatus in Fig. 6 is similar to that described in connection with Figs. 2, 3 and 4. As the secondary coil I 6a is raised or lowered in response to movements of the pointer 16 and the shaft Tl, the voltages induced in the coils Ilia and Ma become unbalanced. Any of the several receiving systems of Figs. 2, 3 and 4 may be utilized for obtaining an indication of this voltage unbalance. The
arrangement of Fig. 6 may be advantageous in certain instances since the movable system comprises only elements which are very light in weight.
While we have described what we at present consider the preferred embodiments of our invention, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may ings of said pair being inductively related thereto, means for varying the inductive coupling between said inductive winding and the winding or windings of said pair inductively related thereto, said means and. at least one of said windings being relatively movable and one of said relatively movable elements being movable with said movable member, and means connected in circuit with said pair of windings and including a second movable member the position of which is representative of the position of said first-named movable member.
2. A telemetering system comprising a movable member, an inductive winding, a pair of windings inductively related to said inductive Winding, means for varying the inductive coupling between said inductive winding and said pair of windings, said means and at least one of said windings being relatively movable and one of said relatively movable elements being movable with said movable member, and means connected in circuit with said pair of windings and including a second movable member the position of which is representative of the position of said first-named movable member.
3. A telemetering system comprising a movable member, an inductive winding and a cooperating magnetizable member, a pair of windings inductively related to said inductive winding, at least one of said windings and said magnetizable member being movable relative to each other and one of said relatively movable elements being movable with said movable member, and means connected in circuit with said pair of windings and including a second movable member the position of which is representative of the position of said first-named movable member.
4. A telemetering system comprising a movable member, a primary winding and a cooperating magnetizable member, an alternating current circuit for energizing said primary winding, a pair of secondary windings inductively related to said primary winding, at least one of said windings and said magnetizable member being relatively movable and one of said relatively movable elements being movable with said movable member, and means connected in circuit with said pair of secondary windings and ineluding a second movable member the position of which is representative of the position of said first-named movable member.
5. A telemetering system comprising a movable member, an elongated primary winding, a cooperating magnetizable core member mounted within said winding, an alternating current circuit for energizing said primary winding, a pair of spaced concentrated secondary windings inductively related to said primary winding, at least one of said windings and said core member being relatively movable and one of said relatively movable elements being movable with said movable member, and means connected in circuit wi h said pair of windings and including a second movable member the position of which is representative of the position of said firstnamed movable member.
6. A telemetering system comprising a movable member, an elongated primary winding, a cooperating magnetizable core member mounted within said winding, said core member being substantially shorter than said primary winding and normally centrally located therein, an alterhating current circuit for energizing said primary winding, a pair of concentrated secondary windings wound concentrically with respect to said primary winding and spaced near the ends of said core member when in its normal position, at least one of said windings and said magnetizable core member being relatively movable and one of said relatively movable elements being movable with said movable member, and means connected in circuit with said pair of windings and including a second movable member the position of which is representative of the position of said first-named movable member.
'7. A telemetering system comprising a movable member, an inductive winding and a cooperating magnetizable member, a pair of windings inductively related to said inductive winding, at least one of the windings of said pair and said magnetizable member being relatively movable and one of said relatively movable elements being movable with said movable member, and means connected in circuit with said pair of windings and including a second movable member the position of which is representative of the position of said first-named movable memher.
8. A telemetering system comprising a movable member, a stationary inductive Winding, a magnetizable member inductively coupled with said winding and movable with said movable member, a pair of windings inductively related to said inductive winding, and means connected in circuit with said pair of windings and including a second movable member the position of which is representative of the position of said first-named movable member.
9. A telemetering system comprising a movable member, a stationary inductive winding and cooperating magnetizable member, a pair of windings inductively related to said inductive winding and at least one of them being movable with said movable member, and means connected in circuit with said pair of windings and including a second movable member the position of which is representative of the position of said firstnamed movable member.
10. A telemetering system comprising a mov able member, an inductive winding and a cooperating magnetizable member, a pair of windings inductively related to said inductive winding, at least one of said windings and said magnetizable member being relatively movable and one of said relatively movable elements being movable with said movable member, an indicating device connected in circuit with said pair of windings, and means connected in circuit with said indicating device and said pair of windings for balancing said indicating device, said means including a second movable member, the position of which is representative of the position of said first-named movable member.
11. A telemetering system comprising a movable member, an inductive winding and a coop-' erating magnetizable member, a pair of windings inductively related to said inductive winding, at least one of said windings and said magnetizable member being relatively movable and one of said relatively movable elements being movable with said movable member, an indicating device connected in circuit with said pair of windings and differentially responsive to the energization thereof, and impedance means connected in circuit with said indicating device and said pair of windings for balancing said indicating device, said impedance means including a movable adjusting element the position of which is representative of the position of said first-named movable member.
12. A telemetering system comprising a movable member, an inductive winding and a cooperating magnetizable member, a pair of windings inductively related to said inductive winding, at least one of said windings and said magnetizable member being relatively movable and one of said relatively movable elements being movable with said movable member, a similar impedance device connected across each of said pair of windings, and an indicating device connected between points of said impedance devices, the connections of said indicating device to said impedance devices being adjustable and the position thereof being representative of the position of said firstnamed movable member.
13. A telemetering system comprising a movable member, an inductive winding and a cooperating magnetizable member, a pair of windings inductively related to said inductive winding, at least one of said windings and said magnetizable member being relatively movable and one of said relatively movable elements being movable with said movable member, a pair of similar resistance elements connected individually across said pair of windings, and an indicating device connected between points of said resistance elements, said resistance elements including an adjustable connection forming terminals for connection to said indicating device, the position of said adjustable connections being representative of the position of said first-named movable member.
14. A telemetering system comprising a movable member, an inductive winding and a cooperating magnetizable member, a pair of windings inductively related to said inductive winding, at least one of said windings and said magnetizable member being relatively movable and one of said relatively movable elements being movable with said movable member, an indicating device remote from said movable member, a plurality of conductors extending from said pair of windings to said indicating device and connected in circuit therewith, balancing impedance means adjacent said indicating device and connected in circuit therewith and with said conductors, and a movable element for adjusting a connection to said impedance means to balance said indicating device, the position of said adjusting element being representative of the position of said movable member.
15. A telemetering system comprising a member movable in accordance with variations of a quantity to be measured, an inductive winding and a cooperating magnetizable member, a pair of windings inductively related to said inductive winding, at least one of said windings and said magnetizable member being movable relative to each other, motion-transmitting mechanism interconnecting said movable member and the movable one of said winding and magnetizable member, and means connected in circuit with said pair of windings and including a second movable member the position of which is a measure of said quantity.
16. A telemetering system comprising an elastic deformable member subject to a pressure to be measured, a stationary inductive winding and a magnetizable member movable relative to said winding, motion-transmitting mechanism interconnecting the movable end of said deformable member and said magnetizable member, means for balancing the system of movable elements, a pair of windings inductively related to said inductive winding, and means connected in cirsaid adjustable connections,
culit with said pair of windings and including a movable member the position of which is a measure of said pressure.
17. A telemetering system comprising a movable member, a source of alternating current, a pair of inductive windings in energy-transmitting relationship with said source, means for varying the energy transmitting relationship between said source and at least one of the windings of said pair, said means being movable with said movable member, impedance devices individually connected across said windings, and an indicating device connected between points oi. said impedance devices, the connections of said indicating device to said impedance devices being adjustable and the position thereof being representative of the position of said movable member.
18. A telemetering system comprising a movable member, a source of alternating current, a pair of inductive windings in energy-transmitting relationship with said source, means for varying the energy transmitting relationship between said source and at least one of the windings of said pair, said means being movable with said movable member, a pair of equal impedance devices individually connected across said windings and each provided with an adjustable connection, an indicating device interconnecting and means for simultaneously adjusting said adjustable connections, the position of said adjusting means being representative of the position of said movable member.
19. A telemetering system comprising a movable member, a source of alternating current, a pair of inductive windings in energy-transmitting relationship with said source, means for varying the energy transmitting relationship between said source and at least one of the windings of said pair, said means'being movable with said movable member, a pair of equal resistance devices individually connected across said windings and each provided with an adjustable connection, an indicating device interconnecting said adjustable connections, means for simultaneously and equally adjusting said adjustable connections in an opposite sense with respect to the voltages of said windings, and an indicating scale cooperating with said adjusting means to give an indication of the position of said movable member,
20. In a telemetering system including two sources of relatively varying voltage, a transmitting and receiving system comprising a pair of impedance devices individually connected to said sources, and an indicating device connected between points of said impedance devices, the connections of said indicating device to said impedance devices being adjustable and the position thereof being a measure of the difl'erence between the voltages of said sources.
21. In a telemetering system including two sources of equally and oppositely varying voltage,
.a transmitting and receiving system comprising a pair of equal resistance devices individually connected to said sources and each provided with an adjustable connection, an indicating device interconnecting said adjustable connections, means for simultaneously and equally adjusting said adjustable connections in an opposite sense with respect to the voltages of said sources, and an indicating scale cooperating with said adjusting means to give a measure of the diflerence between'the voltages of said sources.
22. A telemetric system comprising a transmitter including a source of alternating current. an inductive winding connected to said source, two windings for receiving energy from said source, at least one of which is inductively related to said first winding, conductors extendin from said two windings to a receiving station, means movable in response to changes in magnitude of a condition to vary the inductive relation between said first winding and at least one 01 said two windings to vary the ratio of the voltages transmitted by said conductors while maintaining a constant phase relation between said voltages, and means at said receiving station movable in response to a change in ratio of said voltages.
23. A telemetric system comprising a transmitter including a primary winding, two secondary windings, conductors extending from said secondary windings to a receiving station, means movable in response to changes in magnitude of a condition to vary the inductive relation between said primary winding and at least one of said secondary windings to vary the ratio of the induced voltages transmitted by said conductors while maintaining a constant phase relation between said voltages, and means at said receiving station movable in response to change in ratio of said induced voltages.
24. A telemetric system comprising a transmitter including a primary winding, two secondary windings, two pairs of conductors, each pair extending from one of said secondary windings to a receiving station, means movable in response to changes in magnitude of a condition to vary the inductive relation between said primary winding and at least one of said secondary windings to vary the ratio of voltages across said pairs of conductors while maintaining a constant -phase relation between said voltages, and means at the receiving station responsive to change in ratio of said voltages.
25. A telemetric system comprising a source of alternating current, a receiving station including an electro-responsive device having a winding energized from said source, a transmitter including a primary winding energized from said source, means for establishing a predetermined phase relation between the current in said primary winding and said winding of said electroresponsive device, two secondary windings, conductors from said secondary windings to said receiving station, means movable in response to change in magnitude of a condition for varying the inductive relation between said primary winding and at least one of said secondary windings to vary the ratio of the voltages across said conductors whilemaintaining a constant phase relation between said voltages, and a second winding for said electro-responsive device traversed by current upon change in ratio of said voltages.
JOHN F. QUEREAU. ALBERT J. WILLIAMS, JR.
US725172A 1934-05-11 1934-05-11 Electric telemetering system Expired - Lifetime US2050629A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US725172A US2050629A (en) 1934-05-11 1934-05-11 Electric telemetering system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US725172A US2050629A (en) 1934-05-11 1934-05-11 Electric telemetering system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2050629A true US2050629A (en) 1936-08-11

Family

ID=24913444

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US725172A Expired - Lifetime US2050629A (en) 1934-05-11 1934-05-11 Electric telemetering system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2050629A (en)

Cited By (36)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2417097A (en) * 1945-04-10 1947-03-11 Howard D Warshaw Variable inductance for telemetering systems
US2424766A (en) * 1944-06-19 1947-07-29 Builders Iron Foundry Telemetric apparatus
US2427866A (en) * 1944-04-25 1947-09-23 Baldwin Locomotive Works Electromagnetic motion responsive device
US2439891A (en) * 1943-10-18 1948-04-20 Bailey Meter Co Measuring and controlling system
US2457558A (en) * 1944-03-20 1948-12-28 Bailey Meter Co Measuring and control system
US2459542A (en) * 1944-07-29 1949-01-18 Republic Flow Meters Co Density measuring apparatus
US2459210A (en) * 1944-07-21 1949-01-18 Ernest G Ashcraft Variable differential transformer
US2491606A (en) * 1946-01-30 1949-12-20 Bailey Meter Co Control system
US2524600A (en) * 1944-10-27 1950-10-03 Raymond Earl Apparatus for determining the specific gravity of fluids
US2564221A (en) * 1948-01-22 1951-08-14 Bailey Meter Co Electromagnetic motion responsive device
US2568586A (en) * 1946-04-03 1951-09-18 Automatic Temperature Control Co Inc Displacement or torque amplifier
US2611812A (en) * 1945-12-01 1952-09-23 Bailey Meter Co Electrical control system
US2620655A (en) * 1949-10-08 1952-12-09 Physicists Res Company Instrument for recording or measuring the size and shape of surface irregularities
US2623940A (en) * 1948-12-15 1952-12-30 Bendix Aviat Corp Pressure warning device
US2630482A (en) * 1948-07-10 1953-03-03 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Tuned vibrating reed selective circuit
US2644546A (en) * 1949-01-27 1953-07-07 Doolan William Safety mechanism or control for elevators
US2651762A (en) * 1944-06-20 1953-09-08 Fed Products Corp Gauge head
US2664011A (en) * 1949-02-18 1953-12-29 Prec Thermometer And Instr Com Liquid density measuring equipment
US2709790A (en) * 1953-11-17 1955-05-31 Control Cells Corp Inc Means for measuring force and displacement
US2715722A (en) * 1950-09-02 1955-08-16 Control Instr Co Inc Salinity indicating system
US2742633A (en) * 1953-04-02 1956-04-17 James M Kendall Device for measuring minute linear movement
US2791119A (en) * 1956-03-28 1957-05-07 Walter H Zinn Liquid level indicator
US2823543A (en) * 1952-08-05 1958-02-18 Adams Ltd L Fluid pressure responsive unit
US2827787A (en) * 1956-11-27 1958-03-25 Frank B Kroeger Variable null circuit for motion pickups
US2880407A (en) * 1955-02-17 1959-03-31 Norton Co Electronic swivel control
US2945375A (en) * 1954-02-05 1960-07-19 Safe Flight Instrument Airplane instruments
US3077775A (en) * 1958-06-10 1963-02-19 Bailey Meter Co Scanning apparatus
US3086603A (en) * 1958-09-22 1963-04-23 Gordon S Clayson Analytical balances
US3095650A (en) * 1959-05-13 1963-07-02 Stiller Bertram Multifilar measuring device
US3097714A (en) * 1961-05-25 1963-07-16 Nuclear Corp Of America Force measuring device
US3599493A (en) * 1969-08-21 1971-08-17 Kaye & Co Inc Joseph Pressure transducer apparatus
US3705531A (en) * 1971-07-06 1972-12-12 United States Steel Corp Method and apparatus for determining the operating performance of wheeled vehicles on a track
US4237723A (en) * 1976-11-01 1980-12-09 Wean United, Inc. Control means for a pipe tester
US4531416A (en) * 1983-10-12 1985-07-30 Ametek, Inc. Pressure transducer
US5700956A (en) * 1996-11-12 1997-12-23 Huang; Tien-Tsai Signal generating pressure gauge
WO2001029530A1 (en) * 1999-10-20 2001-04-26 Vista Research, Inc. Method and apparatus for remote measurement of physical properties inside a sealed container

Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2439891A (en) * 1943-10-18 1948-04-20 Bailey Meter Co Measuring and controlling system
US2457558A (en) * 1944-03-20 1948-12-28 Bailey Meter Co Measuring and control system
US2427866A (en) * 1944-04-25 1947-09-23 Baldwin Locomotive Works Electromagnetic motion responsive device
US2424766A (en) * 1944-06-19 1947-07-29 Builders Iron Foundry Telemetric apparatus
US2651762A (en) * 1944-06-20 1953-09-08 Fed Products Corp Gauge head
US2459210A (en) * 1944-07-21 1949-01-18 Ernest G Ashcraft Variable differential transformer
US2459542A (en) * 1944-07-29 1949-01-18 Republic Flow Meters Co Density measuring apparatus
US2524600A (en) * 1944-10-27 1950-10-03 Raymond Earl Apparatus for determining the specific gravity of fluids
US2417097A (en) * 1945-04-10 1947-03-11 Howard D Warshaw Variable inductance for telemetering systems
US2611812A (en) * 1945-12-01 1952-09-23 Bailey Meter Co Electrical control system
US2491606A (en) * 1946-01-30 1949-12-20 Bailey Meter Co Control system
US2568586A (en) * 1946-04-03 1951-09-18 Automatic Temperature Control Co Inc Displacement or torque amplifier
US2564221A (en) * 1948-01-22 1951-08-14 Bailey Meter Co Electromagnetic motion responsive device
US2630482A (en) * 1948-07-10 1953-03-03 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Tuned vibrating reed selective circuit
US2623940A (en) * 1948-12-15 1952-12-30 Bendix Aviat Corp Pressure warning device
US2644546A (en) * 1949-01-27 1953-07-07 Doolan William Safety mechanism or control for elevators
US2664011A (en) * 1949-02-18 1953-12-29 Prec Thermometer And Instr Com Liquid density measuring equipment
US2620655A (en) * 1949-10-08 1952-12-09 Physicists Res Company Instrument for recording or measuring the size and shape of surface irregularities
US2715722A (en) * 1950-09-02 1955-08-16 Control Instr Co Inc Salinity indicating system
US2823543A (en) * 1952-08-05 1958-02-18 Adams Ltd L Fluid pressure responsive unit
US2742633A (en) * 1953-04-02 1956-04-17 James M Kendall Device for measuring minute linear movement
US2709790A (en) * 1953-11-17 1955-05-31 Control Cells Corp Inc Means for measuring force and displacement
US2945375A (en) * 1954-02-05 1960-07-19 Safe Flight Instrument Airplane instruments
US2880407A (en) * 1955-02-17 1959-03-31 Norton Co Electronic swivel control
US2791119A (en) * 1956-03-28 1957-05-07 Walter H Zinn Liquid level indicator
US2827787A (en) * 1956-11-27 1958-03-25 Frank B Kroeger Variable null circuit for motion pickups
US3077775A (en) * 1958-06-10 1963-02-19 Bailey Meter Co Scanning apparatus
US3086603A (en) * 1958-09-22 1963-04-23 Gordon S Clayson Analytical balances
US3095650A (en) * 1959-05-13 1963-07-02 Stiller Bertram Multifilar measuring device
US3097714A (en) * 1961-05-25 1963-07-16 Nuclear Corp Of America Force measuring device
US3599493A (en) * 1969-08-21 1971-08-17 Kaye & Co Inc Joseph Pressure transducer apparatus
US3705531A (en) * 1971-07-06 1972-12-12 United States Steel Corp Method and apparatus for determining the operating performance of wheeled vehicles on a track
US4237723A (en) * 1976-11-01 1980-12-09 Wean United, Inc. Control means for a pipe tester
US4531416A (en) * 1983-10-12 1985-07-30 Ametek, Inc. Pressure transducer
US5700956A (en) * 1996-11-12 1997-12-23 Huang; Tien-Tsai Signal generating pressure gauge
WO2001029530A1 (en) * 1999-10-20 2001-04-26 Vista Research, Inc. Method and apparatus for remote measurement of physical properties inside a sealed container
US6499353B1 (en) 1999-10-20 2002-12-31 Vista Research, Inc. Method and apparatus for remote measurement of physical properties inside a sealed container

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2338732A (en) System for measuring force and acceleration
USRE23121E (en) Antihunting electrical measuring and control apparatus
US2113164A (en) Recorder and control circuits
US1800474A (en) Meter for alternating current
US2210970A (en) Displacement and acceleration measuring apparatus
US2564221A (en) Electromagnetic motion responsive device
US2285540A (en) Control system
US2293502A (en) Electric measuring apparatus
US2275317A (en) Measuring and controlling apparatus
US2423540A (en) Self-balancing potentiometer mechanism
US2872641A (en) Digital meter
US2709785A (en) Measurement of conductivity of liquids
US2234184A (en) Electronic control system
US2630007A (en) Electrical measuring apparatus, including a condition responsive impedance
US2420539A (en) Measuring and controlling system
US2154260A (en) Electronic metering system
US2112682A (en) Measuring and controlling system
US2457165A (en) Electrical bridge
US1973279A (en) Electrical measuring and regulating system
US2968180A (en) Alternating current bridges
US2333393A (en) Measuring system
US2691889A (en) Plural zone measuring bridge
US2537498A (en) Totalizing liquid level gauge
US2280678A (en) Apparatus for the measurement of electrical reactance
US2407513A (en) Tare weight compensating apparatus for weighing scales