US204687A - Improvement in safety-valves for fermented-liquor casks - Google Patents

Improvement in safety-valves for fermented-liquor casks Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US204687A
US204687A US204687DA US204687A US 204687 A US204687 A US 204687A US 204687D A US204687D A US 204687DA US 204687 A US204687 A US 204687A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
valve
casks
liquor
safety
valves
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K15/00Check valves
    • F16K15/02Check valves with guided rigid valve members
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7837Direct response valves [i.e., check valve type]
    • Y10T137/7904Reciprocating valves
    • Y10T137/7908Weight biased
    • Y10T137/7909Valve body is the weight
    • Y10T137/7913Guided head
    • Y10T137/7915Guide stem
    • Y10T137/792Guide and closure integral unit

Description

Patented June "Q1878.

H. SHLAUDEMAN. Safety-Valvefor Fermented-Liquor Cask.

WITNESSES! Mar a/w %b4/ dm UNITED STATES PATENT OFFIGE.

HENRY SHLAUDEMAN, OF DECATUR, ILLINOIS.

IMPROVEMENT IN SAFETY-VALVES FOR FERMENTED-LIQUOR CASKS.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 204,687, dated June 11, 1878 application filed June 23, 1877.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, HENRY SHLAUDEMAN, of Decatur, in the county of Macon and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Safety-Valves for Casks of Fermented Liquors, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, in which the figure is a vertical section of my safety-valve.

The object of my invention is to produce a safety-valve to be placed upon storage-casks, hogsheads, &c., in which malt and other fermenting or fermented liquors are placed in stockviz., before drawing into vessels for consumption or sale-and is constructed so that the weighted valve will be raised automatically if more than a certain quantity of carbonic-acid gas is generated, and allow said gas to escape without exposing the liquors to the open air, and by thus excluding the air stopping fermentation at a fixed degree, and preventing the bursting of the cask or hogshead, the device inclosing a weighted valve that shall have a fixed and definite capacity of retaining the gases.

In the drawings, A is the valve-case, provided with the vent a, for the escape of the gas. B is a cap on the valve-case. O is the weighted valve, provided with the soft rubber c, or other suitable packing, to close the valve-seat and exclude the air. The rod D, attached to or formed upon the top of the valve 0, passes through a hole in the cap, and serves as a guide for the valve. E is a vertically-projecting conical valve-seat, with an opening, (2, through the whole length. It is screwed in the bottom of the valve-case, and its lower end is slightly conical, and screwthreaded to secure it in a hole through the bung of a cask.

Thus constructed, the valve can be readily taken apart for cleaning.

The form of the valve and valve-seat may be slightly varied; but it is desirable that the points of contact of the two should extend upon a small surface only, to prevent sealing of the valve by agglutination, and the part of the valve resting on the valve-seat be of yielding material, so as to retain the amount of carbonic-acid gas in the liquor that is desired, and so that if the liquor should generate more gas than is desired it will raise the valve and allow the gas to escape in the case and through the vent a.

The weighted valves are made of different capacities, but so fixed or numbered that each valve shall have a definite capacity.

These valves are generally used by careless and inexperienced workmen, and unless the valve has a fixed and definite capacity, and is so constructed as not to easily get out of order or be tampered with, the same danger is encountered as in over-bungingviz., the bursting of the cask by the accumulation of gas.

The rod or guide D, extending above the cap, allows the valve to be raised by hand, and the sound of the gas in escaping indicates the stage of fermentation andthe condition of the liquor.

This valve is particularly useful in casks containing lager-beer that is undergoing the cleaning process, preventing the danger of over-bunging, and thereby the beer from becoming too wild before drawing otl' into barrels and kegs, and also when the air-pump is used in forcing the beer from the cleaningcasks into smaller vessels, as the surplus air and gas will escape through the valve without endangering the cask.

I am aware that vent-plugs controlled by spring-pressure, or adjustable spring ventvalves regulated by a thumb-nut, are not new but the first cannot accomplish the result that I have in view, (automatic relief to casks,) and the second can be too easily tampered with to be reliable and safe.

Having thus described my invention, I claim- 1. A safety-valve for casks of fermenting liquor, having a predetermined and fixedcapacity for retaining and allowing gases to escape, formed of a weighted valve having a projecting stem, and provided with an elastic packing placed in a recess in its lower end, resting on the upper extremity of a perforated conical valveseat, substantially as shown and described.

2. The combination of the caseA and valve 0, having a projecting stem, D, and inclosing a soft-rubber packing, a, with a perforated conical valve-seat, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

HENRY SHLAUDEMAN.

Witnesses:

CHAS. M. FLETCHER, CHAS. P. HoUsUM.

US204687A Improvement in safety-valves for fermented-liquor casks Expired - Lifetime US204687A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US204687A true US204687A (en) 1878-06-11

Family

ID=2274091

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US204687A Expired - Lifetime US204687A (en) Improvement in safety-valves for fermented-liquor casks

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US204687A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2699150A (en) * 1950-12-09 1955-01-11 Int Harvester Co Mechanical and fluid pressure controlled valve
US3136334A (en) * 1961-07-08 1964-06-09 Dunedin Engineering Company Lt Fluid flow non-return valve
US20050101932A1 (en) * 2003-11-10 2005-05-12 Steve Cote Subcutaneous infusion device and device for insertion of a cannula of an infusion device and method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2699150A (en) * 1950-12-09 1955-01-11 Int Harvester Co Mechanical and fluid pressure controlled valve
US3136334A (en) * 1961-07-08 1964-06-09 Dunedin Engineering Company Lt Fluid flow non-return valve
US20050101932A1 (en) * 2003-11-10 2005-05-12 Steve Cote Subcutaneous infusion device and device for insertion of a cannula of an infusion device and method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3416577A (en) Valve for container filling apparatus
US3797521A (en) Dispensing closure for parenteral fluid container
US4892230A (en) Carbonated beverage bottle
US5405058A (en) Device for dispensing liquids
US4142645A (en) Vacuum sealing closure lid for home canning operations
US3460721A (en) Valve for selective withdrawal of liquid or vapor
US5328063A (en) Venting closure cap
US5635232A (en) Safe method and apparatus for preserving and re-carbonating beverages
US5250266A (en) Contact lens case venting system
US2173571A (en) Valve for vacuum pack closures
US2057238A (en) Liquid-dispensing apparatus
US5395012A (en) Carbonated soft drink attachment
US5301845A (en) Liquid measuring and dispensing container
US2051981A (en) Liquid dispensing device
US5165578A (en) Vented closure for a container
US3973602A (en) Funnel with signal
US3132776A (en) Combination closure member, pouring device and insert cup for a container
US2319517A (en) Liquid dispensing container
US2072629A (en) Coupling device for carbonators
US3527391A (en) Means for expelling liquid from a container by applied external pressure
US517305A (en) Self-regulating discharge for closed vessels
US5449098A (en) Fluid flow controller for bottle
US5117999A (en) Low pressure relief valve for fixed and movable systems
US2632462A (en) Fluid return valve
US1918807A (en) Vent valve