US2040999A - Fountain pen - Google Patents

Fountain pen Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2040999A
US2040999A US23588A US2358835A US2040999A US 2040999 A US2040999 A US 2040999A US 23588 A US23588 A US 23588A US 2358835 A US2358835 A US 2358835A US 2040999 A US2040999 A US 2040999A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
barrel
plunger
skirt
cup
clamping
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US23588A
Inventor
Lloyd A Kelley
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CONKLIN PEN Co
Original Assignee
CONKLIN PEN Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CONKLIN PEN Co filed Critical CONKLIN PEN Co
Priority to US23588A priority Critical patent/US2040999A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2040999A publication Critical patent/US2040999A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B43WRITING OR DRAWING IMPLEMENTS; BUREAU ACCESSORIES
    • B43KIMPLEMENTS FOR WRITING OR DRAWING
    • B43K5/00Pens with ink reservoirs in holders, e.g. fountain-pens
    • B43K5/02Ink reservoirs
    • B43K5/06Ink reservoirs with movable pistons for withdrawing ink from an ink-receptacle

Description

L. A. KELLEY I 2,040,999 I May 19, 1-936.
FOUNTAIN PEN Filed May 2'7, 1935 1/0 90 A. [Te/A99 Momma,
Patented May 19, 1936 2 PATENT OFFICE FOUNTAIN PEN Lloyd A. Kelley, Toledo, Ohio, assignor to The Conklin Pen Company, Toledo, Ohio, a corpo- V ration of Ohio Application May 27, 1935, Serial No, 23,588
5 Claims.
This invention relates primarily to fountain pens, and particularly to those of the type em ploying a plunger reciprocally movable in the pen barrel and. operable to effect a filling of the barrel with ink. In the use of such pen barrel filling means, it is common. to have the plunger, on its rear stroke, act more or less freely in the barrel to permit air to escape therearound as it is displaced thereby, and then, on its forward stroke, to create a vacuum in the barrel at the rear of the plunger, and finally, when at the forward end of its stroke, to enter a portion of the barrel which places the vacuum space in communication with the open pen-carrying end of the barrel to effect a drawing of ink into such space with the open barrel end immersed in ink. One feature of the invention relates to improvements in the plunger to facilitate its operation and smoothness of action in the barrel.
The invention is fully described in the following specification, and one embodiment thereof illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in Which' Figure 1 is a central longitudinalsection of a fountain pen embodying the invention with parts broken away and parts in full, and with the cap at the rear end of the barrel removed; Figs. 2, 3 and 4 are enlarged fragmentary details of the pen showing the cup member of the plunger in section and illustrating the form of such member at various positions in the barrel and under different conditions, and Fig. 5 is a central sectional view of the cup member free from the plunger and in normal form.
Referring to the drawing, I designates the hollow ink carrying barrel of a fountain pen, the pen end of which is open to permit the admission of ink thereto when filling and its feeding discharged therefrom to the writing point when writing, as well as understood in the art. The interior of the barrel near its open end is provided with, an enlargement 2, the purpose of which is hereinafter explained. The opposite end of the barrel is closed in any suitable manner as by a plug 3 threaded therein.
For the purpose of filling, a plunger 5 is mounted in the barrel l for reciprocatory movements therein and is carried by a stem 6 that projects without the closed end of the barrel through a central aperture in the plug 3 and through a packing unit 1 at the inner end of such plug. The stem 6, in the present instance, comprises a metallic rod 8 and an, enclosing sleeve or tubular covering 9 of a suitable material, such as hard rubber, to withstand the corrosive action of writing fluids. The outer end of the stem is provided with a knob II] to facilitate manual operating, such knob being threaded on the outer end of the rod 8 in abutment with the outer end of the sleeve 9. The stem 6 is of suitable length to position the plunger 5, when at the forward end of its stroke, in the barrel enlargement 2, so that both end portions of the barrel cavity are in communication around the plunger through said enlargement.
The plunger 5 comprises a backing plate H, a clamping member i2 and a yielding cup member 13 clamped therebetween. The stem rod 8 projects through a central aperture in the backing plate II and threads into the clamping member l2 and the latter has a reduced extension [4 at its inner end which projects through a central aperture in the cup member l3 and abuts at its free end againstthe backing plate I l thus limiting the extent of compression of the cup member I3 by a clamping action of the members II and I2. The plate II is of less diameter than the barrel cavity and has its outward thrust against the inner end of the stem sleeve 9, and the clamping member 12 is of less diameter than the plate H, as shown. The members H and I2 are of hard rubber, or other suitable material, which is resistant to the corrosive action of writing fluids.
The cup member I3 is of yielding resilient materialsuch as soft rubber and is compressed to some extent by the clamping action of the members II and I2. This cup member has a rather thick disk-form of body which, at its top, is substantially the same diameter as the backing plate II, and has its outer peripheral wall preferably slightly tapered with its large end outermost. The member l3, at its lower marginal edge, is formed with a depending skirt l5 with its outer peripheral surface gradually en larging on a taper Hi from its inner to its outer edge at a slight angle to the peripheral face I! of the cup member body. The outer end face of the skirt I5 is substantially flat in a plane diametrical to the plunger axis, and the thickness of the skirt at its inner end is preferably greater than that at its outer end, thus making its inner surface I8 more acute to a diametrical plane of the member l2 than the surface IS. The normal spread or flare of the skirt is greater than the diameter of the barrel cavity but less than that of its enlargement 2, so that when the skirted portion of the plunger is in the enlargement, fluid may pass freely therearound, as shown in Figs. 1 and 4,
and when such skirted portion is drawnrearward intothe reduced portion of the barrel a radial compression of the skirt is effected by reae son of its free edge contacting with the barrel wall, as shown in Fig. 3.
In practice, it is found that the most desirable results are obtained by disposing the inner skirt taper I 8 at approximately a 30 angle to a diametrical plane thereof and the outer taper H at approximately a 60 angle to such plane, or; a 30 angle to a plane parallel to'the plunger axis, when the member 13 is free of compression or distorting forces in any direction, as shown in Fig. 5. To facilitate future referencefto these angles, the first angle is designated a and the second angle is designated b. When the member I3 is clamped between the membersijll and I2,"
. it is slightly compressed, thus effecting. a slight .3 around the plunger to inward drawing of the skirt portion, so that the angularity of-"its angle a; is approximately 37 while that of the angle b is approximately 32, as shown in Fig.4., The increase of the angle a. over of the angle o increases the tendency of the skirt toresis-ta compressing force applied to its outer free. edge. 7 I
When' theplunger is drawn rearward into the reduced portion of the barrel bore the skirt portion of the resilient cup member I3 is pressed in.-
ward: by ccntact'of-its'free angular edge with the bore wall, as shownin Fig; 3, but is not material distorted in shape over its form when in the barrel.
Upon a forward or vacuum stroke of the plunge er, the form of-the cup member l3 and of its skirt J5 and the frictional coaction of the latter with the wall causes a rearward compression of;
the skirt and body portion of the cup member sothat they assume a form'andposition relative to the barrel substantially as illustrated in Fig. 2.
thuscreating a very considerable and effective resistance to the admission of atmospheric pressure to the space at the rear of the plunger wherein avacuum is created by the forward stroke of spirit of the invention.
the plunger. During this vacuum stroke of the plunger, the angle a is lessened to approximately 28 and the angle of tilt of the lower edge portion of the skirt, whic h angle'is' designated 0, is increased to approximately 18. 7 At the same time the inner end of: the skirt is rearwardly tilted by the compressing action which takes place lengthwise; o'fthe skirt and into the body portion of the cup rnember toward its upper inner edge. ,It will: be understood that while theangles re v ferr edto are merely illustrative of one'embodiment: of the invention and of the action of the plunger cup, so'far asp-itcanjbe'determined in -operation,- such angles may be varied within reasonable limits'without departing from the It is found important,
however, in obtaining the desired results to provide; the; resilient cup member of the plunger than its inner end. I
with a rather heavy body portion and with a relatively light skirt portion, which latter should not only extend downwardly from the body portion of the member, so that the upward end thrust thereon is opposed by the body member, but the outer surface of the skirt portion should be flared outward relative to the body portion. It is also desirable to dispose the inner wall of the skirt portion at a less incline to a diametrical plane than the outer wall of such portion, so that the outer end of the skirt portion is of less width The plug 3 and packing unit I are disposed in j a. slightly enlarged portion 20 in the rear end portionof the barrel bore,-and the packing unit is held to its seat, against the inner shouldered end of the reduced portion of the bore by the threading of the'plug 3 therein.
The packing unit 1 comprises two opposed spaced disk members 21 and'22, which'are centrally apertured'to'permit the free passagegof the :plunger stem; therethrough and have. their; inneror; adjacent faces of dished or concaved form; These disks are of hard-rubber, orother suitable rigid material, preferably ofanature disks 2] and 22 and clamped-at their'edges be-' tween the edge portions of such disks is a resilient soft rubber packing comprising one 'or more soft rubber disks 23, in the present instance two 25; resistant to ink'corrosion. Disposed between the v and while compressed at their outer edge portions by the clamping action of the-disks 2| and 22, their centralportions, which are disposed within the enlarged; space formed by the concaved portions of the clamping disks, are non-compressed, other than by the frictional fitting of the plunger stem therein, and are free to move axially within said'space asthe stem 6 is reciprocated. This prevents the, soft packing'disks from havinga firm binding coaction with the stem,-thus render-'- ing the stem guide free to be reciprocated withinthe packing, andatthe same time providing a highly eflecti ve means for preventing the admission ofatmospheric air to the rear end portion of the barrel cavity around the plunger, stem when a vacuumis being created in the barrel by afor- I ward strokeof the plunger. 7
A gasket 24 of-disk-form and preferably of felt, which may be saturated with a lubricant if de-r siredfis interposed between the plug 3 and clamping disk 22, so that when the plug 3 is screwed home a clamping pressure is applied to the clamping disks through said gasket.
It is apparent that many changes in construction and arrangement of the parts of thefeatures comprising the invention may be made without departing from the scope of the claims. Having thus 'describedmy invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by United States Letters Patent, is: 7 l
1. In a fountain pen of the class described, a plunger having an operating rodprojecting therefrom, said plunger comprising a cup mem-' ber'of soft. resilient material having a body portion and adependent skirt portion with its outer,
'side flared with respect to said body portion and adapted alone to contact with a pen barrel in which operating, said plunger also including opposed; clamping members for thebody portion of the cup member of less diameter than the barrel opening.
2. In a fountain pen of the class described, a
plunger mounted in the pen barrel and having an operating stem projecting therefrom without one end of the barrel, said plunger comprising opposed clamping members of less diameter than the barrel bore, and a cup member of soft resilient material held between said clamping members, said cup member having a disk like body portion, and a flared depending skirt portion at one end with the thickness of the skirt portion greater at its inner end than at its outer end.
3. In a fountain pen of the class described, a plunger mounted in the pen barrel and having an operating. stem projecting therefrom without one end of the barrel, said plunger comprising opposed clamping members of less diameter than the barrel bore, and a cup member of soft resilient material held between said clamping members, said cup member having a flared skirt portion at one end for outer side contact with the barrel wall, the outer side of said skirt portion being disposed at a greater angle to a diametrical plane thereof than its inner side.
4. In a fountain pen of the class described, a plunger mounted in the pen barrel and having an operating stem projecting therefrom without one end of the barrel, said plunger comprising opposed clamping members of less diameter than the barrel bore, and a cup member of soft resilient material held between said clamping members, said cup member having a disk like body portion which is substantially the same in diameter as the inner clamping members and is considerably larger in diameter than the opposite clamping member, and at such latter end is provided without the adjacent clamping member with a skirt portion which projects endwise from the body portion and has its outer side flared gradually outward on a taper from the side wall of the body portion and has its inner wall joining with the body portion at substantially the point of clamping of the smaller clamping member, said body portion being of less diameter than the pen barrel and. the outer edge of the skirt portion being normally of greater diameter than the pen barrel.
5. In a fountain pen of the class described, a barrel having a bore with an enlargement at its open end portion, a plunger operating in said bore and having a stem projecting from the closed. end of the barrel, said plunger comprising pposed clamping members both of less diameter than the barrel bore, and the outer one being of less diameter than the other, and a, soft resilient cup member held between said clamping members with the outer clamping member engaging the cup member in inwardly spaced relation to its outer edge, said cup member having an axially thick disk like body portion which is of less diameter than the barrel bore and provided at its outer end with an axially projecting radially flaring skirt portion of greater diameter than said bore and of less diameter than its enlargement, said skirt portion being relatively thicker at its inner than at its outer end.
LLOYD A. KELLEY.
US23588A 1935-05-27 1935-05-27 Fountain pen Expired - Lifetime US2040999A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US23588A US2040999A (en) 1935-05-27 1935-05-27 Fountain pen

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US23588A US2040999A (en) 1935-05-27 1935-05-27 Fountain pen

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2040999A true US2040999A (en) 1936-05-19

Family

ID=21816047

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US23588A Expired - Lifetime US2040999A (en) 1935-05-27 1935-05-27 Fountain pen

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2040999A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2643576A1 (en) * 1989-02-27 1990-08-31 Mitsubishi Pencil Co PISTON USED IN A FLUID PAINTING INSTRUMENT TO PUSH ON THE LATTER
US20110158738A1 (en) * 2009-12-30 2011-06-30 Harry Bainbridge Porous tip liquid applicator having draw fill mechanism

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2643576A1 (en) * 1989-02-27 1990-08-31 Mitsubishi Pencil Co PISTON USED IN A FLUID PAINTING INSTRUMENT TO PUSH ON THE LATTER
US20110158738A1 (en) * 2009-12-30 2011-06-30 Harry Bainbridge Porous tip liquid applicator having draw fill mechanism
US8092108B2 (en) * 2009-12-30 2012-01-10 Harry Bainbridge Porous tip liquid applicator having draw fill mechanism

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2333451A (en) Marking device
US3326520A (en) Resilient needle valve element
US2061059A (en) Fountain pen
US2040999A (en) Fountain pen
US2458027A (en) Fountain brush
US2289274A (en) Oil seal
US2053892A (en) Fountain pen and the ink supply therefor
US2284424A (en) Packing gland with oversize floating gasket
US2876982A (en) Valve heads for rotatable valve stems
US4792119A (en) Valve
US2790597A (en) Pump
US3115868A (en) Pressurized stopper construction
US2158375A (en) Paste tube cap
US2309339A (en) Pump
US2744664A (en) Dispensing gun
US1531234A (en) Grease cup
US2056042A (en) Valve
US1983682A (en) Fountain pen
US3071153A (en) Valves
US1317817A (en) Fountain-pen
US2293993A (en) Eraser for mechanical pencils
US2248489A (en) Pneumatic valve
US1478332A (en) Fountain pen
USRE19530E (en) Fountain pen
US2041781A (en) Fountain pen packing unit