US2039593A - Heat transfer coil - Google Patents

Heat transfer coil Download PDF

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Publication number
US2039593A
US2039593A US27589A US2758935A US2039593A US 2039593 A US2039593 A US 2039593A US 27589 A US27589 A US 27589A US 2758935 A US2758935 A US 2758935A US 2039593 A US2039593 A US 2039593A
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United States
Prior art keywords
plates
heat transfer
groove
grooves
transfer coil
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Expired - Lifetime
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US27589A
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Theodore N Hubbuch
William G O'toole
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Theodore N Hubbuch
William G O'toole
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Priority to US27589A priority Critical patent/US2039593A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D1/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators
    • F28D1/02Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid
    • F28D1/03Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with plate-like or laminated conduits
    • F28D1/0308Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with plate-like or laminated conduits the conduits being formed by paired plates touching each other
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F3/00Plate-like or laminated elements; Assemblies of plate-like or laminated elements
    • F28F3/02Elements or assemblies thereof with means for increasing heat-transfer area, e.g. with fins, with recesses, with corrugations
    • F28F3/04Elements or assemblies thereof with means for increasing heat-transfer area, e.g. with fins, with recesses, with corrugations the means being integral with the element
    • F28F3/048Elements or assemblies thereof with means for increasing heat-transfer area, e.g. with fins, with recesses, with corrugations the means being integral with the element in the form of ribs integral with the element or local variations in thickness of the element, e.g. grooves, microchannels
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F3/00Plate-like or laminated elements; Assemblies of plate-like or laminated elements
    • F28F3/12Elements constructed in the shape of a hollow panel, e.g. with channels
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D1/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators
    • F28D1/02Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid
    • F28D2001/0253Particular components
    • F28D2001/0286Radiating plates; Decorative panels
    • F28D2001/0293Radiating plates; Decorative panels with grooves for integration of conduits
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F2230/00Sealing means

Description

May 5, 1935- T. N. HUBBUCH ET AL 2,039,593

HEAT TRANSFER COIL Filed June 20, 1935 /545/ 7 adp/1.2. 7D. l Z0 Ov BY 0J d 'A TTORNEY Patented May 5, 1936 HEAT TRANSFER COIL Theodore N. Hubbuch and William G. OToole,

Lonisvill e, Ky.

Animation June zo, 1935, serial No. 27,589

1 Claim.

This invention relates to heat exchangers and has special reference to a cooler for cooling fluids s uch as beer, ale and the like, the invention being preferably termed a beer cooler although, as will presently appear, it may be used for cooling or heating any fluid which may be caused to ow through the device.

' One important object of the invention is to provide an improved and novel device of this character which can be manufactured in a simple and economical p manner.

A second important object of the invention is to provide an improved and novel form of such cooler constructed of two like and complementary i5 castings so that the two castings can be made from a single pattern.

A third important object of the invention is to provide a novel device of this character having improved means for permitting the heat to pass from the liquid in the interior of the device out#- Wardly.

A fourth important object of the invention is to provide a novel device of this sort wherein the castings are reinforced by means which also act to aid in the heat transfer.

- A fth important object of the device is to provide a coil with a simple means of cleaning. and inspecting.

With the above and other objects in view, the

invention consists in general of certain novel details of construction of combinations of parts hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings and speciiically claimed.

In the accompanying drawing, like characters of reference indicate like parts in the several views, and

Figure l is an inside face view of one of the plates used herein.

Figure 2 is an outside face view of the 'other of said plates.

Figure 3 is a section through the assembled device on the line 3-#3 of Figure 2.

Figure 4 is a similar section on the line 4-4 of Figure 2.

The cooler of this invention is formed from two plates of substantially the same character.

' Each of these plates consists of a rectangular casting or stamping Il) having on one side central portion I I spaced evenly from the peripheral portion I2 of the casting I0. In this central portion I I is formed a groove consisting of straight parallel portions I3 and return bends I4 each connecting an end of one portion I3 with the corresponding end of the adjacent portion I3 so that the groove is continuous from end to end. The face of the central portion II, except for the groove, lies in a plane so that when the two plates are properly assembled the planes of these faces will coincide and the groove of one plate will register with the groove of the other plate to form a tube 5 continuous from one ed to the other.

Between the central portion I I and the peripheral portion I.2 of each plate is a groove I 5 for the reception of a gasket I6 which seals the periphery of the joint between the vtwo plates so that liquid 10 passing through the tube formed by the grooves I3 and I4 cannot escape from the cooler.

It will be observed that the groove portion I3 at each end of each plate terminates the groove in a rectilinear manner. One of the plates -has 15 on its outside at each end a tubular boss I1 which connects with the groove of the plate at a very obtuse angle and in these bosses are screwed nipples |8 for the inlet and outlet of the beer or other fluid to be cooled. 20

0n the outer side of each plate there are formed alternate parallel grooves I9 and ribs 20, the ribs 20 being positioned over the straight portions of the interior grooves while the exterior grooves are positioned between adjacent straight 25 portions of the uid. The ribs 2li thus overlie and strengthen the thin portions of the plates overlying the fluid conducting grooves and also act as ns for transfer of heat from within the cooler which is surrounded by ice or other re- 30 frigerantwhen in use. I'he grooves I9 act to increase the area chilled by the refrigerant and also to decrease the thickness of the metal through which heat transfer occurs.

At the ends of each groove I9 is provided nat 35 portions 2l which increase the thickness of the metal and strengthen the plates at the bends I4.

Along the edges of each plate are provided bolt holes 22, the holes in one plate being in alinement with the holes in the other plate when the two are 40 assembled in proper relation. Through the alined openings pass bolts 23 provided with wing nuts 24 so that the two plates may be held tightly together or taken apart for cleansing by a simple manipulation without necessitating the use of 45 tools.

It is to be observed that the very obtuse angles at which the bosses and nipples lie in relation to the ends of the groove parts I3 enable fluid to flow into and out of the cooler without eddies and 50 thus Without stirring up such fluids as beer and ale, such stirring being undesirable in certain types of liquids.

In use the two plates are assembled and one nipple is connected by a suitable tube to the lfrom the same pattern. it being merely necessary to make the boss parts detachable as is common in constructing patterns for castings having projections one of which does not exist on the other. Similar arrangements may be made in the case oi stampings.

There has thus been provided a simple and emcient device of the kind and for the purpose specified.

It is obvious that changes may be made in the form and construction of the invention without departing from the principles of the invention. It is not, therefore, desired to confine the invention to the exact form herein described but it is desired to include al1 suchas come within the scope of the appended claim.

What is claimed is:

A cooler of the class described including a pair of complementary cast plates of like form, each of said plates havingia groove in one face formed of straight parallel portions connected at their ends by return bends, said grooves registering with each other to form a tube and provided with inlet and outlet openings at the opposite ends of said tube, the faces in which the grooves are formed being plane surfaces to fit tightly togetier, the remaining faces of said plates being provided with ribs extending in alinement with the grooves, said last faces having grooves extending longitudinally between the ribs and depressed below the peripheral portions of the said last faces to provide thin .walls for the straight portions of the tube. said peripheral portions having complementary semi-circular grooves surrounding the rst mentioned grooved portions, an elastic gasket heldin said semi-circular' grooves and sealing the joint between said plates, bolts passing through the peripheral portions between the gasket and the edges of the plates, and wing nuts on said bolts to force the plates together and compress the gasket.

THEODORE N. HUBBUCH. WILLIAM G. OTOOLE.

US27589A 1935-06-20 1935-06-20 Heat transfer coil Expired - Lifetime US2039593A (en)

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Cited By (47)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2448648A (en) * 1944-09-08 1948-09-07 Clinton L Stockstill Solar water heater
US2543889A (en) * 1946-01-25 1951-03-06 Fresh Frozen Foods Ltd Quick-freezing machine
US2910094A (en) * 1956-05-31 1959-10-27 Foil Process Corp Tube-providing sheet
US3212640A (en) * 1962-01-11 1965-10-19 Ametek Inc Filter leaf having internal heat exchange means
US20020189794A1 (en) * 2001-05-25 2002-12-19 Agilent Technologies, Inc. Cooler for electrical and/ or electronic components, linked to present cooling needs
US6536516B2 (en) 2000-12-21 2003-03-25 Long Manufacturing Ltd. Finned plate heat exchanger
US20030164233A1 (en) * 2002-02-19 2003-09-04 Wu Alan K. Low profile finned heat exchanger
US20030173942A1 (en) * 2002-02-07 2003-09-18 Cooligy, Inc. Apparatus for conditioning power and managing thermal energy in an electronic device
US20040069474A1 (en) * 2002-07-05 2004-04-15 Alan Wu Baffled surface cooled heat exchanger
US20040076408A1 (en) * 2002-10-22 2004-04-22 Cooligy Inc. Method and apparatus for removeably coupling a heat rejection device with a heat producing device
WO2004042302A2 (en) * 2002-11-01 2004-05-21 Cooligy, Inc. Channeled flat plate fin heat exchange system, device and method
US20040101421A1 (en) * 2002-09-23 2004-05-27 Kenny Thomas W. Micro-fabricated electrokinetic pump with on-frit electrode
US20040104022A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2004-06-03 Cooligy, Inc. Method and apparatus for flexible fluid delivery for cooling desired hot spots in a heat producing device
US20040104010A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2004-06-03 Cooligy, Inc. Interwoven manifolds for pressure drop reduction in microchannel heat exchangers
US20040112585A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2004-06-17 Cooligy Inc. Method and apparatus for achieving temperature uniformity and hot spot cooling in a heat producing device
US20040148959A1 (en) * 2003-01-31 2004-08-05 Cooligy, Inc. Remedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US20040182544A1 (en) * 2002-12-27 2004-09-23 Lee Hsieh Kun Cooling device utilizing liquid coolant
US20040182548A1 (en) * 2003-03-17 2004-09-23 Cooligy, Inc. Multi-level microchannel heat exchangers
US20040182560A1 (en) * 2003-03-17 2004-09-23 Cooligy Inc. Apparatus and method of forming channels in a heat-exchanging device
US20040206477A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2004-10-21 Cooligy, Inc. Method and apparatus for efficient vertical fluid delivery for cooling a heat producing device
US20040238162A1 (en) * 2003-04-11 2004-12-02 Seiler Thomas F. Heat exchanger with flow circuiting end caps
US20040244950A1 (en) * 2003-01-31 2004-12-09 Cooligy, Inc. Optimized multiple heat pipe blocks for electronics cooling
US20050115701A1 (en) * 2003-11-28 2005-06-02 Michael Martin Low profile heat exchanger with notched turbulizer
US20050211418A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2005-09-29 Cooligy, Inc. Method and apparatus for efficient vertical fluid delivery for cooling a heat producing device
US20050268626A1 (en) * 2004-06-04 2005-12-08 Cooligy, Inc. Method and apparatus for controlling freezing nucleation and propagation
US20050269061A1 (en) * 2004-06-04 2005-12-08 Cooligy, Inc. Apparatus and method of efficient fluid delivery for cooling a heat producing device
US20060000588A1 (en) * 2004-06-30 2006-01-05 Se-Chang Kang Plate-shaped heating panel in which connecting members are fastened by bolts and nuts
US6994151B2 (en) 2002-10-22 2006-02-07 Cooligy, Inc. Vapor escape microchannel heat exchanger
US7011142B2 (en) 2000-12-21 2006-03-14 Dana Canada Corporation Finned plate heat exchanger
US20060090886A1 (en) * 2004-11-02 2006-05-04 Calsonic Kansei Corporation Plate-like heat exchanger
US20070034356A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2007-02-15 Cooligy, Inc. Cooling systems incorporating heat exchangers and thermoelectric layers
US20070114010A1 (en) * 2005-11-09 2007-05-24 Girish Upadhya Liquid cooling for backlit displays
US20070201210A1 (en) * 2006-02-16 2007-08-30 Norman Chow Liquid cooling loops for server applications
US20070235167A1 (en) * 2006-04-11 2007-10-11 Cooligy, Inc. Methodology of cooling multiple heat sources in a personal computer through the use of multiple fluid-based heat exchanging loops coupled via modular bus-type heat exchangers
US20080006396A1 (en) * 2006-06-30 2008-01-10 Girish Upadhya Multi-stage staggered radiator for high performance liquid cooling applications
US20080210405A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2008-09-04 Madhav Datta Fabrication of high surface to volume ratio structures and their integration in microheat exchangers for liquid cooling systems
US20090046423A1 (en) * 2007-08-07 2009-02-19 James Hom Internal access mechanism for a server rack
US20090225515A1 (en) * 2008-03-10 2009-09-10 James Hom Thermal bus or junction for the removal of heat from electronic components
US7616444B2 (en) 2004-06-04 2009-11-10 Cooligy Inc. Gimballed attachment for multiple heat exchangers
US20100032143A1 (en) * 2008-08-05 2010-02-11 Cooligy Inc. microheat exchanger for laser diode cooling
US20110073292A1 (en) * 2009-09-30 2011-03-31 Madhav Datta Fabrication of high surface area, high aspect ratio mini-channels and their application in liquid cooling systems
ITUD20090178A1 (en) * 2009-10-08 2011-04-09 Milanese Claudio Ditta Individuale thermal radiator for environments and its manufacturing method
US8157001B2 (en) 2006-03-30 2012-04-17 Cooligy Inc. Integrated liquid to air conduction module
US20130161942A1 (en) * 2011-12-21 2013-06-27 Thesan S.P.A. Connection for roll-bond panels
US20140022727A1 (en) * 2010-12-27 2014-01-23 Reel S.R.L. Cooling device for electronic components and control apparatus comprising the cooling device
USD749713S1 (en) 2014-07-31 2016-02-16 Innovative Medical Equipment, Llc Heat exchanger
US9297571B1 (en) 2008-03-10 2016-03-29 Liebert Corporation Device and methodology for the removal of heat from an equipment rack by means of heat exchangers mounted to a door

Cited By (93)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2448648A (en) * 1944-09-08 1948-09-07 Clinton L Stockstill Solar water heater
US2543889A (en) * 1946-01-25 1951-03-06 Fresh Frozen Foods Ltd Quick-freezing machine
US2910094A (en) * 1956-05-31 1959-10-27 Foil Process Corp Tube-providing sheet
US3212640A (en) * 1962-01-11 1965-10-19 Ametek Inc Filter leaf having internal heat exchange means
US7011142B2 (en) 2000-12-21 2006-03-14 Dana Canada Corporation Finned plate heat exchanger
US6536516B2 (en) 2000-12-21 2003-03-25 Long Manufacturing Ltd. Finned plate heat exchanger
US20020189794A1 (en) * 2001-05-25 2002-12-19 Agilent Technologies, Inc. Cooler for electrical and/ or electronic components, linked to present cooling needs
US6935412B2 (en) * 2001-05-25 2005-08-30 Agilent Technologies, Inc. Cooler for electrical and/ or electronic components, linked to present cooling needs
US7050308B2 (en) 2002-02-07 2006-05-23 Cooligy, Inc. Power conditioning module
US20030173942A1 (en) * 2002-02-07 2003-09-18 Cooligy, Inc. Apparatus for conditioning power and managing thermal energy in an electronic device
US20040240245A1 (en) * 2002-02-07 2004-12-02 Cooligy, Inc. Power conditioning module
US7061104B2 (en) 2002-02-07 2006-06-13 Cooligy, Inc. Apparatus for conditioning power and managing thermal energy in an electronic device
US20060243431A1 (en) * 2002-02-19 2006-11-02 Martin Michael A Low profile finned heat exchanger
US20030164233A1 (en) * 2002-02-19 2003-09-04 Wu Alan K. Low profile finned heat exchanger
US7025127B2 (en) 2002-07-05 2006-04-11 Dana Canada Corporation Baffled surface cooled heat exchanger
US20040069474A1 (en) * 2002-07-05 2004-04-15 Alan Wu Baffled surface cooled heat exchanger
US20040101421A1 (en) * 2002-09-23 2004-05-27 Kenny Thomas W. Micro-fabricated electrokinetic pump with on-frit electrode
US7086839B2 (en) 2002-09-23 2006-08-08 Cooligy, Inc. Micro-fabricated electrokinetic pump with on-frit electrode
US20040076408A1 (en) * 2002-10-22 2004-04-22 Cooligy Inc. Method and apparatus for removeably coupling a heat rejection device with a heat producing device
US6994151B2 (en) 2002-10-22 2006-02-07 Cooligy, Inc. Vapor escape microchannel heat exchanger
US6986382B2 (en) 2002-11-01 2006-01-17 Cooligy Inc. Interwoven manifolds for pressure drop reduction in microchannel heat exchangers
US20040206477A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2004-10-21 Cooligy, Inc. Method and apparatus for efficient vertical fluid delivery for cooling a heat producing device
US7806168B2 (en) 2002-11-01 2010-10-05 Cooligy Inc Optimal spreader system, device and method for fluid cooled micro-scaled heat exchange
US20040188064A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2004-09-30 Cooligy Inc. Channeled flat plate fin heat exchange system, device and method
US20040188066A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2004-09-30 Cooligy, Inc. Optimal spreader system, device and method for fluid cooled micro-scaled heat exchange
WO2004042302A3 (en) * 2002-11-01 2005-05-12 Cooligy Inc Channeled flat plate fin heat exchange system, device and method
US20080210405A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2008-09-04 Madhav Datta Fabrication of high surface to volume ratio structures and their integration in microheat exchangers for liquid cooling systems
US7836597B2 (en) 2002-11-01 2010-11-23 Cooligy Inc. Method of fabricating high surface to volume ratio structures and their integration in microheat exchangers for liquid cooling system
US8464781B2 (en) 2002-11-01 2013-06-18 Cooligy Inc. Cooling systems incorporating heat exchangers and thermoelectric layers
US7104312B2 (en) 2002-11-01 2006-09-12 Cooligy, Inc. Method and apparatus for achieving temperature uniformity and hot spot cooling in a heat producing device
US20040112585A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2004-06-17 Cooligy Inc. Method and apparatus for achieving temperature uniformity and hot spot cooling in a heat producing device
US20040104010A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2004-06-03 Cooligy, Inc. Interwoven manifolds for pressure drop reduction in microchannel heat exchangers
US20050211418A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2005-09-29 Cooligy, Inc. Method and apparatus for efficient vertical fluid delivery for cooling a heat producing device
US7000684B2 (en) 2002-11-01 2006-02-21 Cooligy, Inc. Method and apparatus for efficient vertical fluid delivery for cooling a heat producing device
US20040104022A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2004-06-03 Cooligy, Inc. Method and apparatus for flexible fluid delivery for cooling desired hot spots in a heat producing device
WO2004042302A2 (en) * 2002-11-01 2004-05-21 Cooligy, Inc. Channeled flat plate fin heat exchange system, device and method
US6988534B2 (en) 2002-11-01 2006-01-24 Cooligy, Inc. Method and apparatus for flexible fluid delivery for cooling desired hot spots in a heat producing device
US20070034356A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2007-02-15 Cooligy, Inc. Cooling systems incorporating heat exchangers and thermoelectric layers
US6988535B2 (en) * 2002-11-01 2006-01-24 Cooligy, Inc. Channeled flat plate fin heat exchange system, device and method
US20040182544A1 (en) * 2002-12-27 2004-09-23 Lee Hsieh Kun Cooling device utilizing liquid coolant
US20050183845A1 (en) * 2003-01-31 2005-08-25 Mark Munch Remedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US20050210913A1 (en) * 2003-01-31 2005-09-29 Mark Munch Remedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US20050183444A1 (en) * 2003-01-31 2005-08-25 Mark Munch Remedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US7278549B2 (en) 2003-01-31 2007-10-09 Cooligy Inc. Remedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US20050183445A1 (en) * 2003-01-31 2005-08-25 Mark Munch Remedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US7402029B2 (en) 2003-01-31 2008-07-22 Cooligy Inc. Remedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US20050183443A1 (en) * 2003-01-31 2005-08-25 Mark Munch Remedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US20040244950A1 (en) * 2003-01-31 2004-12-09 Cooligy, Inc. Optimized multiple heat pipe blocks for electronics cooling
US7201214B2 (en) 2003-01-31 2007-04-10 Cooligy, Inc. Remedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US7090001B2 (en) 2003-01-31 2006-08-15 Cooligy, Inc. Optimized multiple heat pipe blocks for electronics cooling
US20040148959A1 (en) * 2003-01-31 2004-08-05 Cooligy, Inc. Remedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US7344363B2 (en) 2003-01-31 2008-03-18 Cooligy Inc. Remedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US7201012B2 (en) 2003-01-31 2007-04-10 Cooligy, Inc. Remedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US7156159B2 (en) 2003-03-17 2007-01-02 Cooligy, Inc. Multi-level microchannel heat exchangers
US20040182548A1 (en) * 2003-03-17 2004-09-23 Cooligy, Inc. Multi-level microchannel heat exchangers
US20040182560A1 (en) * 2003-03-17 2004-09-23 Cooligy Inc. Apparatus and method of forming channels in a heat-exchanging device
US7017654B2 (en) 2003-03-17 2006-03-28 Cooligy, Inc. Apparatus and method of forming channels in a heat-exchanging device
US7213638B2 (en) 2003-04-11 2007-05-08 Dana Canada Corporation Heat exchanger with flow circuiting end caps
US20040238162A1 (en) * 2003-04-11 2004-12-02 Seiler Thomas F. Heat exchanger with flow circuiting end caps
US7182125B2 (en) 2003-11-28 2007-02-27 Dana Canada Corporation Low profile heat exchanger with notched turbulizer
US20050115701A1 (en) * 2003-11-28 2005-06-02 Michael Martin Low profile heat exchanger with notched turbulizer
US7188662B2 (en) 2004-06-04 2007-03-13 Cooligy, Inc. Apparatus and method of efficient fluid delivery for cooling a heat producing device
US7616444B2 (en) 2004-06-04 2009-11-10 Cooligy Inc. Gimballed attachment for multiple heat exchangers
US20050269061A1 (en) * 2004-06-04 2005-12-08 Cooligy, Inc. Apparatus and method of efficient fluid delivery for cooling a heat producing device
US7293423B2 (en) 2004-06-04 2007-11-13 Cooligy Inc. Method and apparatus for controlling freezing nucleation and propagation
US20050268626A1 (en) * 2004-06-04 2005-12-08 Cooligy, Inc. Method and apparatus for controlling freezing nucleation and propagation
US7143823B2 (en) * 2004-06-30 2006-12-05 Lg Chem, Ltd. Plate-shaped heating panel in which connecting members are fastened by bolts and nuts
CN1715821B (en) * 2004-06-30 2010-05-12 Lg化学株式会社 Plate type heating plate fixed by screw and nut for connection element
US20060000588A1 (en) * 2004-06-30 2006-01-05 Se-Chang Kang Plate-shaped heating panel in which connecting members are fastened by bolts and nuts
US7516781B2 (en) * 2004-11-02 2009-04-14 Calsonic Kansei Corporation Plate-like heat exchanger
US20060090886A1 (en) * 2004-11-02 2006-05-04 Calsonic Kansei Corporation Plate-like heat exchanger
US20070114010A1 (en) * 2005-11-09 2007-05-24 Girish Upadhya Liquid cooling for backlit displays
US20070201210A1 (en) * 2006-02-16 2007-08-30 Norman Chow Liquid cooling loops for server applications
US7539020B2 (en) 2006-02-16 2009-05-26 Cooligy Inc. Liquid cooling loops for server applications
US7599184B2 (en) 2006-02-16 2009-10-06 Cooligy Inc. Liquid cooling loops for server applications
US8157001B2 (en) 2006-03-30 2012-04-17 Cooligy Inc. Integrated liquid to air conduction module
US20070235167A1 (en) * 2006-04-11 2007-10-11 Cooligy, Inc. Methodology of cooling multiple heat sources in a personal computer through the use of multiple fluid-based heat exchanging loops coupled via modular bus-type heat exchangers
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