US2032600A - Vehicle door check - Google Patents

Vehicle door check Download PDF

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Publication number
US2032600A
US2032600A US751131A US75113134A US2032600A US 2032600 A US2032600 A US 2032600A US 751131 A US751131 A US 751131A US 75113134 A US75113134 A US 75113134A US 2032600 A US2032600 A US 2032600A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
strap
door
roller
bracket
notch
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US751131A
Inventor
Smith Frank Allison
Original Assignee
Smith Frank Allison
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Smith Frank Allison filed Critical Smith Frank Allison
Priority to US751131A priority Critical patent/US2032600A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2032600A publication Critical patent/US2032600A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05CBOLTS OR FASTENING DEVICES FOR WINGS, SPECIALLY FOR DOORS OR WINDOWS
    • E05C17/00Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith
    • E05C17/02Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means
    • E05C17/04Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means with a movable bar or equivalent member extending between frame and wing
    • E05C17/12Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means with a movable bar or equivalent member extending between frame and wing consisting of a single rod
    • E05C17/20Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means with a movable bar or equivalent member extending between frame and wing consisting of a single rod sliding through a guide
    • E05C17/203Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means with a movable bar or equivalent member extending between frame and wing consisting of a single rod sliding through a guide concealed, e.g. for vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/61Closure checks
    • Y10T16/625Spring
    • Y10T16/628Rubber
    • Y10T16/6295Link type
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/28Extension link
    • Y10T292/285Notched bar
    • Y10T292/286Sliding catch

Description

March 3, 1936. F. A. SMITH VEHICLE DOOR CHECK Filed Nov. 2, 1954 [WI/enter Attorney Patented Mar. 3, 1936 PATENT OFFICE VEHICLE DOOR- CHECK Frank Allison Smith, Ingersoll, Ontario,

Canada Application November 2,1934, Serial No. 751,131

5 Claims.

The invention appertains to door checks for motor cars and has for its object the provision of a check for arresting the movement of a door as it swings open so that it will be held open against any incidental tendency for it to close. This is a desirable feature, particularly for an automobile door that is hinged to swing forwardly of the vehicle in 'opening it since wind pressure tends to close it.

The invention also incorporates a stop or buffer for stopping the door in the event of its being forced beyond the arresting mechanism.

The invention consists of a rigid strap or bar slidably mounted between guide rollers bracketed 0 preferably in the door jamb. The forward end of the strap is pivoted to the hinged edge of the door so as to slide in and out with the door. In the preferred construction, one of the rollers is springeurged towards the other in order that as the door is opened the spring-pressed roller will engage in a notch or depression in the strap to check the door. Beyond the notch a rubber buffer is so located as to come into play should the door be swung violently open.

The invention presents a sturdy and serviceable door check that is inexpensive to manufacture,

Referring to the accompanying drawing, Figure 1 is an elevation of the invention shown applied to a motor car door partly open.

Figure 2 is a sectional plan along line 2-2 of Figure 1.

' Figure 3 is a side elevation of the invention partly in section.

Figure 4 is a sectional view taken along line 4-4 of Figure 3.

Figure 5 is a side view of the supporting bracket for the rollers.

Figure 6 is a section taken along line 66 of Figure 2 showing the buffer.

Like numerals. of reference indicate corresponding parts in each of the figures of the drawing.

In the drawing, the reference numeral 1 denotes the side of the lamb to which the door 8 is hinged. In motor car construction the side-wall I is usually hollow and it is proposed to mount the door check within this wall to conceal it. A suitable opening I is provided in the face 9 of the jamb through which the rigid strap or bar It operates.

The strap is preferably fiat-sided and its forward end is pivoted at H to the door face l2 which is hinged at IS. The flat sides of the strap are vertically arranged and the top and bottom edges are engaged by guide rollers l4 and I 5 mounted in a. U-shaped bracket l6 fastened to the jam-b by suitable securing elements. Each roller has a fairly wide engaging surface to per mit lateral play of the strap and is flanged at ll. 5

The lower roller is journalled on a shaft l8 fitted in holes I9 in the opposing sides of the bracket, whereas the upper roller is joumalled on a shaft 20 lodged in slots 2| in the sides of said bracket. 10

On each side of the bracket is a tension coilspring 2| connected with the shaft of the upper roller to urge it inwardly. The connections between the springs and shaft 20 may consist of hooks on the springs that are lodged in grooves on the shaft. The lower ends of the springs may be suitably connected to the shaft l8. The mode of connecting the springs in order to apply pressure on the upper roller may be modified as will be readily understood by those skilled in the art. It is also apparent that the invention need not be restricted to coil springs for applying pressure on the upper roller and hence it is not intended to confine the invention in this respect.

The strap passes through an aperture in the bracket and its upper edge has a rearwardly disposed notch or recess 22 conforming to the curvature of the upper roller. Beyond this notch isa buffer 23 consisting of a rubber block 24 snugly fitted on the strap by means of an opening and 30 backed by a metal collar 25. The collar may be attached to the strap in any desirable manner such as by slotting the opposing edges of the strap at 26 and forming intersecting openings in the collar at right angles to each other. One of these openings is made the full width of the strap as at 21 and the other is made to correspond to the width of the slotted section of the strap as at 28. By slipping the collar over the strap and giving it a quarter turn it looks itself in the slotted part 26. The rubber block is recessed to fit over the collar and projections are supplied on the collar to preclude its turning on the strap (see Figure 6).

In operation, it will be evident that since the upper roller is pressure urged it will enr'age the notch 22 as the. strap is withdrawn in opening the door. This sufilciently checks the door and maintains it open. It can however be readily closed again by applying suflicient pressure to 5 release the notch from the roller. In the event that the door is swung open with sufficient force to cause the notch to pass the upper roller, the butler will abut the bracket andabsorb the shock.

What I claim is:--

1. A door check comprising a rigid strap adapted to be pivoted to the hinged face of a door, said strap having a notch removed from the pivotal connection with the door, a bracket for attachment to the jamb, a roller mounted therein and supporting the strap, and a pressure-urged element mounted in the bracket oppositely to the roller and bearing against the strap for engagement in its notch.

2. A door check comprising a rigid strap adapted to be pivoted to the hinged face of a door, said strap being horizontally extended and having its upper surface supplied with a notch removed from the pivotal connection with the door, a bracket for attachment to the jamb, a roller journalled therein and providing a support for the lower surface of the strap, and a pressureurged element mounted in the bracket oppositely to the roller aforesaid and bearing. down on the strap for engagement in its notch.

- 3. A door check comprising a rigid strap adapted to be pivoted to the hinged face of a door, said strap being horizontally extended and having its upper surface supplied with a notch removed from the pivotal connection with the door, a bracket for attachment to the jamb, a roller journalled therein and providing a support for the lower surface of the strap, and a pressureurged roller loosely journalled in the bracket oppositely to the roller aforesaid and bearing down on the strap for engagement in its notch.

4. A door check comprising a rigid strap adapted to be pivoted to the hinged face of a door, said strap being horizontally extended and having its upper surface supplied with a notch removed from the pivotal connection with the door, a bracket for attachment to the jamb, a roller journalled therein and providing a support for the lower surface of the strap, and a springurged roller loosely journalled in the bracket oppositely to the roller aforesaid and bearing down on the strap for engagement in its notch.

5. The combination with a door hinged to a jamb, of a rigid strap pivotally attached at an end to the hinged face of the door and horizontally extending therefrom, said strap being supplied with a notch removed from the pivotal connection with the door, a U -shaped bracket attached to the jamb and supplied with an aperture through which the strap freely reciprocates in the opening and closing of the door, said bracket having opposing slots in its .side portions, a shaft lodged in said slots, a roller journalled in the shaft between the sides of the bracket and in engagement with the strap, springs tensioning the shaft 'to' cause the roller to engage in the notch of the strap, a roller supported in the bracket to support FRANK ALLISON SMITH.

US751131A 1934-11-02 1934-11-02 Vehicle door check Expired - Lifetime US2032600A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US751131A US2032600A (en) 1934-11-02 1934-11-02 Vehicle door check

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US751131A US2032600A (en) 1934-11-02 1934-11-02 Vehicle door check

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US2032600A true US2032600A (en) 1936-03-03

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US751131A Expired - Lifetime US2032600A (en) 1934-11-02 1934-11-02 Vehicle door check

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Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2476182A (en) * 1946-09-24 1949-07-12 Carey Mcfall Company Door check
US2639458A (en) * 1950-01-25 1953-05-26 Paul H Travis Combined check and opener for closures
US2692788A (en) * 1953-05-20 1954-10-26 Daniel G Bell Vehicle door lock
US2693616A (en) * 1951-11-06 1954-11-09 Ford Motor Co Door checking and holding device
US2715746A (en) * 1950-03-13 1955-08-23 Paul H Travis Door check structure
US2722334A (en) * 1952-02-15 1955-11-01 Cain Harry Wilson Supports for box lids and the like
US2724143A (en) * 1951-04-18 1955-11-22 Ford Motor Co Door checking and holding device
DE937758C (en) * 1953-04-21 1956-01-12 Ford Werke Ag Parking brake and brake for the wings of doors, especially on motor vehicles
US2860369A (en) * 1954-10-25 1958-11-18 Ford Motor Co Door checking and holding device
US2888889A (en) * 1954-10-29 1959-06-02 Philco Corp Cabinet door safety apparatus
US3805326A (en) * 1971-04-01 1974-04-23 Gen Eng & Mfg Corp Locking mechanism
US4858952A (en) * 1984-08-23 1989-08-22 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Door checker for seat belt reacher system
FR2664323A1 (en) * 1990-07-04 1992-01-10 Adyl Door stop for a vehicle
US5152030A (en) * 1990-09-11 1992-10-06 Thunderline Corporation Vehicle door check
EP0643185A1 (en) * 1993-09-11 1995-03-15 FRIEDR. FINGSCHEIDT GmbH Door holding device for cars
US5474344A (en) * 1994-03-30 1995-12-12 Bloxwich Korea Co., Ltd. Multi-stage door opening device
EP0877137A1 (en) * 1997-05-09 1998-11-11 ISE Innomotive Systems Europe GmbH Vehicle door check
US5862570A (en) * 1996-06-10 1999-01-26 Chrysler Corporation Self locating check arm assembly
EP0911471A2 (en) 1997-10-22 1999-04-28 ISE Innomotive Systems Europe GmbH Check and holding device for pivotally linked elements
EP0931897A1 (en) 1998-01-27 1999-07-28 ISE Innomotive Systems Europe GmbH Hinge with integral stop
FR2814771A1 (en) * 2000-09-29 2002-04-05 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa Power assistance device for opening and closing door of motor vehicle has electric motor driving threaded shaft via bevel gears and nut moving along shaft is connected to opening mechanism
US6370732B1 (en) 2000-09-06 2002-04-16 Daimlerchrysler Corporation Door check mechanism providing an infinite number of stable positions
US6467126B1 (en) 2000-07-21 2002-10-22 Daimlerchrysler Corporation Door check mechanism providing an infinite number of stable positions
US6513193B1 (en) 2000-07-21 2003-02-04 Daimlerchrysler Corporation Door check mechanism providing an infinite number of stable positions
US20030159244A1 (en) * 2002-02-26 2003-08-28 Sparkman Benny W. Door stop apparatus
US6687953B1 (en) 2000-10-13 2004-02-10 Ventra Group Inc. Torsion spring door check device
US6901630B2 (en) 1998-08-07 2005-06-07 Ventra Group, Inc. Door check device
DE102004004381B4 (en) * 2004-01-29 2006-07-27 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag A method for releasing a door braking system
US20070020041A1 (en) * 2005-07-05 2007-01-25 Stabilus Gmbh Continuously blockable adjustment device
US8414062B2 (en) * 2011-08-04 2013-04-09 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Multi-phase closure check link mechanism
CN103510782A (en) * 2012-06-14 2014-01-15 通用汽车环球科技运作有限责任公司 Two-stage hybrid check link assembly
US9822570B2 (en) * 2016-03-29 2017-11-21 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Automatically closing vehicle door
US10392849B2 (en) 2017-01-18 2019-08-27 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Assembly and method to slow down and gently close door

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2476182A (en) * 1946-09-24 1949-07-12 Carey Mcfall Company Door check
US2639458A (en) * 1950-01-25 1953-05-26 Paul H Travis Combined check and opener for closures
US2715746A (en) * 1950-03-13 1955-08-23 Paul H Travis Door check structure
US2724143A (en) * 1951-04-18 1955-11-22 Ford Motor Co Door checking and holding device
US2693616A (en) * 1951-11-06 1954-11-09 Ford Motor Co Door checking and holding device
US2722334A (en) * 1952-02-15 1955-11-01 Cain Harry Wilson Supports for box lids and the like
DE937758C (en) * 1953-04-21 1956-01-12 Ford Werke Ag Parking brake and brake for the wings of doors, especially on motor vehicles
US2692788A (en) * 1953-05-20 1954-10-26 Daniel G Bell Vehicle door lock
US2860369A (en) * 1954-10-25 1958-11-18 Ford Motor Co Door checking and holding device
US2888889A (en) * 1954-10-29 1959-06-02 Philco Corp Cabinet door safety apparatus
US3805326A (en) * 1971-04-01 1974-04-23 Gen Eng & Mfg Corp Locking mechanism
US4858952A (en) * 1984-08-23 1989-08-22 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Door checker for seat belt reacher system
FR2664323A1 (en) * 1990-07-04 1992-01-10 Adyl Door stop for a vehicle
US5152030A (en) * 1990-09-11 1992-10-06 Thunderline Corporation Vehicle door check
EP0643185A1 (en) * 1993-09-11 1995-03-15 FRIEDR. FINGSCHEIDT GmbH Door holding device for cars
US5474344A (en) * 1994-03-30 1995-12-12 Bloxwich Korea Co., Ltd. Multi-stage door opening device
US5862570A (en) * 1996-06-10 1999-01-26 Chrysler Corporation Self locating check arm assembly
EP0877137A1 (en) * 1997-05-09 1998-11-11 ISE Innomotive Systems Europe GmbH Vehicle door check
EP0911471A2 (en) 1997-10-22 1999-04-28 ISE Innomotive Systems Europe GmbH Check and holding device for pivotally linked elements
EP0931897A1 (en) 1998-01-27 1999-07-28 ISE Innomotive Systems Europe GmbH Hinge with integral stop
US6901630B2 (en) 1998-08-07 2005-06-07 Ventra Group, Inc. Door check device
US6467126B1 (en) 2000-07-21 2002-10-22 Daimlerchrysler Corporation Door check mechanism providing an infinite number of stable positions
US6513193B1 (en) 2000-07-21 2003-02-04 Daimlerchrysler Corporation Door check mechanism providing an infinite number of stable positions
US6370732B1 (en) 2000-09-06 2002-04-16 Daimlerchrysler Corporation Door check mechanism providing an infinite number of stable positions
FR2814771A1 (en) * 2000-09-29 2002-04-05 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa Power assistance device for opening and closing door of motor vehicle has electric motor driving threaded shaft via bevel gears and nut moving along shaft is connected to opening mechanism
US6687953B1 (en) 2000-10-13 2004-02-10 Ventra Group Inc. Torsion spring door check device
US20030159244A1 (en) * 2002-02-26 2003-08-28 Sparkman Benny W. Door stop apparatus
US6711778B2 (en) * 2002-02-26 2004-03-30 Benny W. Sparkman Door stop apparatus
DE102004004381B4 (en) * 2004-01-29 2006-07-27 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag A method for releasing a door braking system
US20070020041A1 (en) * 2005-07-05 2007-01-25 Stabilus Gmbh Continuously blockable adjustment device
US8414062B2 (en) * 2011-08-04 2013-04-09 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Multi-phase closure check link mechanism
CN103510782A (en) * 2012-06-14 2014-01-15 通用汽车环球科技运作有限责任公司 Two-stage hybrid check link assembly
CN103510782B (en) * 2012-06-14 2016-09-28 通用汽车环球科技运作有限责任公司 Two stage mixing type stopper link assembly
US9822570B2 (en) * 2016-03-29 2017-11-21 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Automatically closing vehicle door
US10392849B2 (en) 2017-01-18 2019-08-27 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Assembly and method to slow down and gently close door

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