US2025015A - Pyrometer device - Google Patents

Pyrometer device Download PDF

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Publication number
US2025015A
US2025015A US75418934A US2025015A US 2025015 A US2025015 A US 2025015A US 75418934 A US75418934 A US 75418934A US 2025015 A US2025015 A US 2025015A
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Prior art keywords
air
thermocouple
main
piston
blast
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Expired - Lifetime
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Howard A Byrns
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National Tube Co
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National Tube Co
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01KMEASURING TEMPERATURE; MEASURING QUANTITY OF HEAT; THERMALLY-SENSITIVE ELEMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01K1/00Details of thermometers not specially adapted for particular types of thermometer
    • G01K1/14Supports; Fastening devices; Mounting thermometers in particular locations
    • G01K1/146Supports; Fastening devices; Mounting thermometers in particular locations arrangements for moving thermometers to or from a measuring position

Description

Patented Dec. 17, 1935 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE PYROMETER DEVICE Jersey Application November 21, 1934, Serial No. 754,189

4 Claims.

This invention relates to a novel pyrometer device, and more particularly to such devices as are used on the air mains of blast furnaces, although not limited thereto'.

In blast furnace practice, it becomes necessary, in stopping or shutting down for any period of time, to resort to an operation known as drafting-back. This operation consists of reversing certain valves on certain of the air mains and hot-blast stoves that have previously conducted heated air at a high temperature into the Afurnace. Upon reversal, these valves operate in such manner that the main, and hot-blast stoves, serve during the drafting-back period to conduct the hot gas away from the inside of the furnace. The temperature of the gas being drafted-back is, of course, much higher than that of the air which was blown into the furnace before the reversal of the valves.

The conventional type of thermocouple ordinarily used to denote the temperature of the air entering the furnace will be destroyed if exposed for even a short period of time to the considerably higher temperature of the gas being drafted back. Even if the thermocouple is only partially destroyed, instead of entirely so, it will give an incorrect reading, which might not be discovered for several hours, and during this period the control of the blast-furnace would be seriously 30 impaired.

In order to prevent destruction of the thermocouple, Whether partial or otherwise, it is customary to remove it from the air mains immediately prior to the drafting-back operation, and consequently replace it just prior to starting up. This may be done in one of a number of ways, all of which require mechanical manipulation. The mechanical expedients by which the thermocouples are installed or replaced in the air mains are often troublesome to handle, but however accomplished require the attention of an operator. Although such devices are decided improvements over permanently mounted thermocouples, they sometimes necessitate the presence of an operator in a more or less dangerous area, due to the extremely high temperature of the gases being drafted back, which escape from the aperture at the time of the removal or replacement of the thermocouple.

It-is one of the objects of the present invention to provide a novel pyrometer device for air mains, and particularly those associated with blast-furnaces, which will operate in such manner as to automatically remove the thermocouple f 55 upon a substantial drop in the temperature of the (Cl. Y'i3-32) air immediately prior to the drafting-back operation.

Another object is to provide a device of the class described which may be easily and cheaply manufactured and installed o'n existing types of 5 air mains, and onerwhich at the same time is not easily susceptible to a breakdown.

These and other objects will be apparent after referring to the drawing, in which:

Figure 1 is a sectional elevation of the device l0 of the invention, as used in connection with the. air main of a conventional blast-furnace.

Figure 2 is a view similar to Figure 1 but disclosing the device in another stage of operation.

Referring more particularly to the drawing, the l5 numeral 2 designates an air main, or bustle pipe, through which a hot blast of air is directed into the furnace. The air main is provided with a recess 3 extending partially toward the interior thereof. This recess 3 is in communication with 20 the interior of the air main, or bustle pipe, 2 through an aperture 4 of substantially smaller diameter. A bushing 5 is disposed in the recess 3 and provided with an aperture 6 which is ol. substantially the same diameter as the aperture t in the main. The bushing 5 is provided on its portion whichV is remote from the interior of the gas main 2 with a shoulder 1, whose upper surface is concaved, as at 8.

A support 9 is connected to the outside of the 30 air main 2 and carries a cylinder I0, the bore of which is disposed immediately over the aperture 6 in the bushing 5, This cylinder I0 is provided adjacent its upper end with an aperture I2, and a conventional cylinder head I3, which is centrally apertured, as at I4. A shaft I5 is disposed to extend through the cylinder I0 and the aperture I2 and its head I3 carries on its mid-portion a conventional piston I6.

A conventional thermocouple I1 is slidably dis- 40 posed in the aperture 6 of the bushing 5, the aperture Il communicating with the recess 3 in the pipe 2. The thermocouple is provided with the usual lead wires I8, which extend to a suitable junction. The end of the thermocouple II which is on the exterior of the' air main is connected, Y as at I 8, to the lower end of the shaft I 5.

A plug 20 is secured to the thermocouple II adjacent its upper end and is provided on its lower surface with a convexity 2| which is adapt- 50 ed to seat in the concavity 8 in the shoulder 'I of the bushing 5.

A lever 22 is suitably pivoted, as at 23, immediately adjacent the air main, or bustle pipe, 2. One end of the lever 22 is pivotally connected, 55

by means of a link 24, to the upper end'of the shaft l5 on which the piston I6 is mounted. The other end of the shaft 22 is provided with a suitable counterweight 25, which serves to normally bias the shaft I5 in such manner as to position the piston I6 adjacent the cylinder head I3. A suitable pipe 26 is connected to communicate with the aperture I2 in thercylinder I0 onone of-Vits ends, and on the other of its ends to the same source of supply as the air main 2; j

When the blast-furnaceV (not shown) is normally operating, the air main 2 will be directing heated air thereto, and the pressure will besub-V stantially the same asin the pipe 26, resulting in the forcing of the piston Iii-downwardly to position the thermocouple :Il in the main. If for any reason the blast-furnace is stopped or 'shut down, there will be a Zero pressure in the gas main 2, and likewise a Zero pressure in the pipe 26, thus permitting the counterweight 25 to rock .the lever 22 in suchmanner as to raise the shaft I5 and the thermocouple I'I. p

Y =With the thermocouple I'I withdrawn from the interiorofthe air main 2,V the drafting-back of the highly ,heated Vgases may be accomplished without its being injured. Y n y Upon the starting up of the blast-furnace, and the introduction of hot blast under pressure, the piston I6 will be forced vdownwardly to position theV thermocouple I'I- in its operative position. When in this position, the convexity 2I of the plug 20 acts as an effective seal with the concavity 8 in the shoulder 'I of the bushing 5 to Yprevent the escape of air. Y Y Y 'While I Vhave shown and describedone speciiicV embodiment of my inventiondt will be understood that Ido not wish to be limited exactly thereto, since various Amodifications may be made without departing from the scope of Ymy invention, as

defined'by the following claims.

I-claim: Y

1. A pyrometric device for airmains andthe like, comprising a thermocouple constructed and arranged for insertion into and Withdrawal from said air main, and automatically operating means for withdrawing said thermocouple upon a substantial drop in the pressure of the air.

2. A pyrometric device for air mains and the like comprising a thermocouple constructed and arranged'for insertionY into and withdrawal from said .air main, automatically operating means for Ywithdrawing said thermocouple upon a substantial drop in the pressure of the air, and

Y means'for returning said thermocouple upon an increase of said pressure to normal.

3.,Arpyro1netric device for air mains and the like comprising a thermocouple constructed and arranged for insertion into and withdrawal from Y said air main, va support disposed on the outside of said main, a cylinder mounted on said support with its bore in substantial alinement with saidthermocouple, a piston and piston-rod in said cylinder, a connection between one end of said L piston-rod and said thermocouple, meansfor no1'- mallybasing said piston-rodto effect :the with? Vdrawal of said thermocouple from-said Aair main,

and means dependent upon the pressure of the air in said air mains to .offset said biasing means andjposition said thermocouple therein.

' 4. A pyrometric device for air mams and 'the like comprising a thermocouple constructed and arranged for, insertiony into and withdrawal from4 said air main, a bushing between said air main and saidthe'rmocouple, aplug carried by said thermocouple for sealing the outer end of said bushing, asupport disposed adjacent said bushing,v a .cylinder `carried by said support, a piston and piston-.rod carriedin said cylinder, a connection between one endV of said piston-rod and said thermocouple, a pipe connecting the interior of said cylinder with the source of supply of said air main, and means for normally biasing said piston-rod to eiect the withdrawal of said thermocouple. Y Y HOWARD A. BYRNS

US2025015A 1934-11-21 1934-11-21 Pyrometer device Expired - Lifetime US2025015A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2438830A (en) * 1948-03-30 Radiation pyrometer housing for
US2466137A (en) * 1944-05-30 1949-04-05 Honeywell Regulator Co Thermocouple support
US2780094A (en) * 1954-04-22 1957-02-05 Standard Oil Co Pipeline mount for thermistor installation
US2788380A (en) * 1954-07-28 1957-04-09 American Instr Co Inc Thermocouple assembly for fluid lines
US3090233A (en) * 1959-12-22 1963-05-21 Standard Oil Co Temperature measurement mechanism
US3448242A (en) * 1966-06-13 1969-06-03 Walco Electric Co Wire heater temperature control device
US3845661A (en) * 1972-07-20 1974-11-05 Inter Control Koehler Hermann Device for securing a temperature sensor to a vessel wall
EP0008041A1 (en) * 1978-08-03 1980-02-20 Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft Process and apparatus for the self-cleaning of devices for the measurement of physical quantities in flowable media
US4419023A (en) * 1981-08-10 1983-12-06 Armstrong World Industries, Inc. Fast-response thermocouple probe
EP0169372A2 (en) * 1984-06-22 1986-01-29 Westinghouse Electric Corporation Apparatus for in situ annealing of a pressure vessel
US20050002439A1 (en) * 2003-04-14 2005-01-06 Blichmann John R. In-line thermometer
DE102015223199A1 (en) * 2015-11-24 2017-05-24 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Freeze desalination of salt water

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2438830A (en) * 1948-03-30 Radiation pyrometer housing for
US2466137A (en) * 1944-05-30 1949-04-05 Honeywell Regulator Co Thermocouple support
US2780094A (en) * 1954-04-22 1957-02-05 Standard Oil Co Pipeline mount for thermistor installation
US2788380A (en) * 1954-07-28 1957-04-09 American Instr Co Inc Thermocouple assembly for fluid lines
US3090233A (en) * 1959-12-22 1963-05-21 Standard Oil Co Temperature measurement mechanism
US3448242A (en) * 1966-06-13 1969-06-03 Walco Electric Co Wire heater temperature control device
US3845661A (en) * 1972-07-20 1974-11-05 Inter Control Koehler Hermann Device for securing a temperature sensor to a vessel wall
EP0008041A1 (en) * 1978-08-03 1980-02-20 Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft Process and apparatus for the self-cleaning of devices for the measurement of physical quantities in flowable media
US4419023A (en) * 1981-08-10 1983-12-06 Armstrong World Industries, Inc. Fast-response thermocouple probe
EP0169372A2 (en) * 1984-06-22 1986-01-29 Westinghouse Electric Corporation Apparatus for in situ annealing of a pressure vessel
EP0169372A3 (en) * 1984-06-22 1987-03-04 Westinghouse Electric Corporation Apparatus for in situ annealing of a pressure vessel
US20050002439A1 (en) * 2003-04-14 2005-01-06 Blichmann John R. In-line thermometer
US7192187B2 (en) * 2003-04-14 2007-03-20 John R Blichmann In-line thermometer
DE102015223199A1 (en) * 2015-11-24 2017-05-24 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Freeze desalination of salt water

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