US20180334037A1 - Power distribution system - Google Patents

Power distribution system Download PDF

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Publication number
US20180334037A1
US20180334037A1 US15/911,440 US201815911440A US2018334037A1 US 20180334037 A1 US20180334037 A1 US 20180334037A1 US 201815911440 A US201815911440 A US 201815911440A US 2018334037 A1 US2018334037 A1 US 2018334037A1
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Prior art keywords
relay
terminal
battery
dc
dc converter
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US15/911,440
Inventor
Hideaki Masui
Katsuyuki Iwasaki
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Yazaki Corp
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Yazaki Corp
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Priority to JP2017098660A priority Critical patent/JP6546617B2/en
Priority to JP2017-098660 priority
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Assigned to YAZAKI CORPORATION reassignment YAZAKI CORPORATION ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: IWASAKI, KATSUYUKI, MASUI, HIDEAKI
Publication of US20180334037A1 publication Critical patent/US20180334037A1/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L3/00Electric devices on electrically-propelled vehicles for safety purposes; Monitoring operating variables, e.g. speed, deceleration or energy consumption
    • B60L3/04Cutting off the power supply under fault conditions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L1/00Supplying electric power to auxiliary equipment of vehicles
    • B60L11/18
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L3/00Electric devices on electrically-propelled vehicles for safety purposes; Monitoring operating variables, e.g. speed, deceleration or energy consumption
    • B60L3/0023Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train
    • B60L3/0046Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train relating to electric energy storage systems, e.g. batteries or capacitors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L3/00Electric devices on electrically-propelled vehicles for safety purposes; Monitoring operating variables, e.g. speed, deceleration or energy consumption
    • B60L3/0023Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train
    • B60L3/0069Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train relating to the isolation, e.g. ground fault or leak current
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L50/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L50/50Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L58/00Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • B60L58/10Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries
    • B60L58/18Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries of two or more battery modules
    • B60L58/20Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries of two or more battery modules having different nominal voltages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R16/00Electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for; Arrangement of elements of electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for
    • B60R16/02Electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for; Arrangement of elements of electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for electric constitutive elements
    • B60R16/03Electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for; Arrangement of elements of electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for electric constitutive elements for supply of electrical power to vehicle subsystems or for
    • B60R16/033Electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for; Arrangement of elements of electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for electric constitutive elements for supply of electrical power to vehicle subsystems or for characterised by the use of electrical cells or batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0013Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries acting upon several batteries simultaneously or sequentially
    • H02J7/0014Circuits for equalisation of charge between batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0063Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries with circuits adapted for supplying loads from the battery
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0068Battery or charger load switching, e.g. concurrent charging and load supply
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M3/00Conversion of dc power input into dc power output
    • H02M3/22Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac
    • H02M3/24Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters
    • H02M3/28Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac
    • H02M3/325Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal
    • H02M3/335Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only
    • H02M3/33569Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only having several active switching elements
    • H02M3/33576Conversion of dc power input into dc power output with intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode to produce the intermediate ac using devices of a triode or a transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only having several active switching elements having at least one active switching element at the secondary side of an isolation transformer
    • H02M3/33584Bidirectional converters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2210/00Converter types
    • B60L2210/10DC to DC converters
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R31/00Arrangements for testing electric properties; Arrangements for locating electric faults; Arrangements for electrical testing characterised by what is being tested not provided for elsewhere
    • G01R31/327Testing of circuit interrupters, switches or circuit-breakers
    • G01R31/3277Testing of circuit interrupters, switches or circuit-breakers of low voltage devices, e.g. domestic or industrial devices, such as motor protections, relays, rotation switches
    • G01R31/3278Testing of circuit interrupters, switches or circuit-breakers of low voltage devices, e.g. domestic or industrial devices, such as motor protections, relays, rotation switches of relays, solenoids or reed switches
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0063Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries with circuits adapted for supplying loads from the battery
    • H02J2007/0067Discharge management, i.e. discharge current reduction at low state of charge, sequential battery discharge in systems with a plurality of battery
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J2310/00The network for supplying or distributing electric power characterised by its spatial reach or by the load
    • H02J2310/40The network being an on-board power network, i.e. within a vehicle
    • H02J2310/46The network being an on-board power network, i.e. within a vehicle for ICE-powered road vehicles

Abstract

Provided is a power distribution system for improving the reliability of power supply to the load in a case where a bidirectional DC/DC converter is connected to one power supply when redundantly configuring a power supply, including: a first terminal to be connected to a first battery; a second terminal to be connected to a second battery; a load terminal to be connected to a load; a bidirectional DC/DC converter connected between the first terminal and the second terminal; a first relay connected between the first terminal and the load terminal; a second relay connected between the second terminal and the load terminal; a control unit for performing controls of an operation direction of the bidirectional DC/DC converter, an opening and closing operation of the first relay, and an opening and closing operation of the second relay.

Description

    BACK GROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the Invention
  • The present invention relates to a distribution system connecting a main battery and a sub battery, so as to distribute power to a load.
  • Description of the Related Art
  • In recent years, technological development related to ADAS (Advanced Driving Safety Assistance System) of vehicles or automatic operation has advanced. Since the control device or various sensors used for these operate with electric power, the function thereof cannot be sufficiently exerted if the power supply from the power supply is delayed. In order to avoid such situation, it has been carried out to install a plurality of batteries in the vehicle to make the power supply redundant.
  • Regarding the redundancy of the power supply, Patent Document 1 discloses a power supply device as shown in FIG. 8. In this power supply device, the main battery 301 and the sub battery 302 make the power supply redundant, and both batteries are connected to the power supply box 331. In the power supply box 331, a load 322 such as a motor, and a load 323 such as a lamp are connected in parallel.
  • A microcomputer 332 is provided in the power supply box 331, and a power supply monitoring unit 333 and a relay control unit 334 are provided. The power source monitoring unit 333 monitors output voltages of the main battery 301 and the sub battery 302 and drives the relay control unit 334 based on the monitoring result, thereby controlling opening and closing operation of the relay 312 of the main battery system and the relay 313 of the sub battery system.
  • According to the power supply device described in Patent Document 1, for example, it is possible to perform controls of comparing output voltages of the main battery 301 and the sub battery 302 and supply power to the load from the battery having the larger output voltage, or of preventing power from being supplied to the load from the battery whose output voltage is lower than the predetermined threshold. As a result, even when one of the batteries fails, it becomes possible to supply power stably to the load.
  • Patent Document
  • Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2015-214274
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • When redundant power supply is used, lithium-ion battery has been put to practical use as a sub battery, instead of a conventional lead battery. Though Lithium-ion battery has the features of high energy density, small size and light weight, strict voltage control is required for charging, and a bidirectional DC/DC converter is therefore generally used.
  • The bidirectional DC/DC converter connected to the lithium-ion battery can take three states of charging direction, discharging direction, and stopping as its operating direction. These motion directions require appropriate control according to the situation of the vehicle and the like.
  • Therefore, in the power supply device shown in FIG. 8, when a bidirectional DC/DC converter and a lithium ion battery are used instead of the sub battery 302, simply opening and closing control for relays similar to the conventional one cannot improve reliability to be obtained through the battery redundant. In addition, in order to improve the reliability, not only the fault of the battery itself but also the breakdown of the relay etc. is also desirable to consider.
  • Therefore, in a case where a bidirectional DC/DC converter is connected to one power supply when redundantly configuring the power supply, the present invention aims at improving the reliability of electric power supply to a load.
  • In order to solve the above problem, a power distribution system according to one embodiment of the present invention includes: a first terminal to be connected to the first battery; a second terminal to be connected to the second battery; a load terminal to be connected to a load; a bidirectional DC/DC converter connected between the first terminal and the second terminal; a first relay connected between the first terminal and the load terminal; a second relay connected between the second terminal and the load terminal; a control unit for performing controls of an operation direction of the bidirectional DC/DC converter, an opening and closing operation of the first relay, and an opening and closing operation of the second relay. Here, the control unit can detect a state in which power is supplied from the first battery, a state in which power is supplied from the second battery, so as to perform the controls. Further, the control unit may further detect an operation state of the bidirectional DC/DC converter, so as to perform the controls. In addition, the control unit further detects an operation state of the first relay and the second relay, so as to perform the controls.
  • According to the present invention, when the power supply is made redundant, in a case where a bidirectional DC/DC converter is connected to one power supply, the reliability of the power supply to the load can be improved.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating a power supply device of a vehicle according to a present embodiment;
  • FIG. 2 is a functional block diagram of a control unit;
  • FIGS. 3A to 3C are diagrams for explaining control contents of a relay control unit and a DC/DC converter control unit;
  • FIGS. 4A and 4B are diagrams for explaining a power transmission path during normal traveling;
  • FIGS. 5A and 5B are diagrams for explaining a power transmission path when a battery fails;
  • FIGS. 6A to 6C are diagrams for explaining a power transmission path at a failure;
  • FIGS. 7A to 7D are diagrams for explaining a power transmission path in a double failure; and
  • FIG. 8 is a diagram showing an example of conventional power supply redundancy.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
  • Embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating a power supply device 100 of a vehicle according to a present embodiment. The power supply device 100 is made such that a power source is made redundant with a main battery 101 and the sub battery 102, and both batteries are connected to the power distribution system 110.
  • Further, the power distribution system 110 is provided with a first load 131 such as a brake ECU, a second load 132 such as an ADAS ECU connected thereto. These loads require stable supply electric power while the vehicle is running. However, the load connected to the power distribution system 110 is not limited to these.
  • The main battery 101 can be, for example, a lead battery (Pb). Moreover, the sub battery 102 can be, for example, a lithium-ion battery (LiB). Since lithium ion battery (LiB) requires strict voltage control during charging, the power distribution system 110 includes a bidirectional DC/DC converter 114. However, the battery used as the sub battery 102 is not limited to a lithium ion battery. For example, a capacitor or the like may be used.
  • Further, the power distribution system 110 includes an IG relay 111, a switching relay 112, a control unit 120, a main terminal 116 to be connected to the main battery 101, and a sub terminal 117 to be connected to the sub battery 102, and a load terminal 118 to be connected to the load. In the example of this figure, a plurality of load terminals 118 is connected in parallel, and the first load 131 is connected to the load terminal 118 a, and the second load 132 is connected to the load terminal 118 b. An alternator 103 is also connected to the main terminal 116.
  • A relay, a power supply wiring, a fuse, a load, etc. that are unnecessary for the description of the present embodiment are not described in the description. The power distribution system 110 is also discriminated between a bidirectional DC/DC converter 114 and a power distribution unit constituted by components other than the power distribution unit. The bidirectional DC/DC converter 114 and the power distribution unit are structured to be integrated. Thereby, it is possible to reduce larger diameter of power supply wires that connect the both, and improve noiseproof property by minimizing the signal line.
  • The bidirectional DC/DC converter 114 is connected between the main terminal 116 and the sub terminal 117, the IG relay 111 is connected between the main terminal 116 and the load terminal 118, and the switching relay 112 is connected between the sub terminal 117 and the load terminal 118.
  • For example, the main battery 101 functions as a first battery, the main terminal 116 as a first terminal, and the IG relay 111 as a first relay. Further, the sub battery 102 functions as a second battery, the sub terminal 117 as a second terminal, and the switching relay 112 as a second relay.
  • The bidirectional DC/DC converter 114 connecting the sub battery 102 via the sub terminal 117 can switch the three states of charging direction, discharging direction, and stopping as its operating direction. A charging direction is a power transfer from the main terminal 116 to the sub terminal 117, and a discharging direction is a power transfer from the sub terminal 117 to the main terminal 116. Here, presence or absence of boost or step down of voltage does not matter. Stopping is a state in which power is not transmitted in either direction.
  • The control unit 120 can be configured using a microcomputer or the like, and according to a program or the like controls the operation direction of the bidirectional DC/DC converter 114, the opening and closing operation of the IG relay 111, the closing operation of the switching relay 112, and the like.
  • FIG. 2 is a functional block diagram of the control unit 120. As shown in the figure, the control unit 120 is provided with a main battery fault detection unit 121, a sub battery fault detection unit 122, a running state determination unit 123, a relay fault detector 124, a DC/DC converter fault detector 125, a relay controller 126, and a DC/DC converter control unit 127.
  • The main battery fault detection unit 121 detects a malfunction of the main battery 101. The fault of the main battery 101 is caused by a voltage drop of the main battery 101, an opening of a main battery system power supply line, or ground fault of the main battery system power line, etc. The main battery fault detection unit 121 monitors the output voltage of the main battery 101, etc., thereby detecting the fault of the main battery 101.
  • The sub battery fault detector 122 detects a malfunction of the sub battery 102. The fault of the sub battery 102 is caused by a voltage drop of the sub battery 102, an opening of the sub battery system power supply line, or ground fault of the sub battery system power supply line, etc. The sub battery fault detector 122 monitors the output voltage of the sub battery 102, for example, thereby detecting the fault of the sub battery 102.
  • The running state determination unit 123 determines whether the vehicle during traveling is in a normal running state or in a sailing state. Here, the sailing state is a state in which after the acceleration, the engine is stopped and inertial traveling. For example, the traveling state determination unit 123 communicates with the host device, thereby discriminating the running state.
  • The relay failure detecting unit 124 detects whether the IG relay 111 and the switching relay 112 are in failure (always open). The relay failure detecting unit 124 judges, for example, the relay failure when the conduction state is not established regardless of control of closing.
  • The DC/DC converter failure detection unit 125 detects the failure of the bidirectional DC/DC converter 114. For example, the DC/DC converter failure detection unit 125 detects a failure of the bidirectional DC/DC converter 114 by communicating with the bidirectional DC/DC converter 114.
  • The relay control unit 126 controls opening and closing operations of the IG relay 111 and the switching relay 112. The DC/DC converter control unit 127 controls the operation direction of the bidirectional DC/DC converter. The relay control unit 126 and the DC/DC converter control unit 127, as will be described below, based on the detection results by the battery fault detection unit 121, the sub battery fault detection unit 122, the running state determination unit 123, the relay failure detection unit 124, and the DC/DC converter failure detection unit 125, perform control of each of them.
  • FIG. 3 illustrates control contents of the relay control unit 126 and the DC/DC converter control unit 127. In this figure, a state where the vehicle is normally traveling (FIG. 3A), a state where a failure or the like occurs in one of the main battery 101, the sub battery 102, the bidirectional DC/DC converter 114, the IG relay 111, and the switching relays 112 (FIG. 3B), and a state where a double failure occurs (FIG. 3C) are discriminated.
  • In the present embodiment, that both the IG relay 111 and the switching relay 112 simultaneously fail, and that both the main battery 101 and the sub battery 102 fail simultaneously are assumed to be extremely low probability, so they are not supposed to be assumed.
  • A normally running state (FIG. 3A), that is, if none of the main battery fault detection unit 121, the sub battery fault detection unit 122, the relay failure detection unit 124, and the DC/DC converter fault detection 125 has detected abnormality, and if it is normal running, the relay control part 126 turns on the IG relay 111 (close) and turns off the switching relay 112 (open), and the DC/DC converter control unit 127 sets the operation direction of the bidirectional DC/DC converter 114 to the charge direction.
  • As a result, power is supplied to the load from the main battery 101 and the alternator 103. The sub battery 102 is also charged. FIG. 4A schematically shows the power supply path of the power supply.
  • On the other hand, in the case of sailing running in a state where the vehicle is traveling normally, the relay control unit 126 turns on the IG relay 111, and turns off the switching relay 112, and the DC/DC converter control unit 127 sets the operation direction of the bidirectional DC/DC converter 114 to the discharge direction. This is because the alternator 103 does not generate electricity during sailing.
  • As a result, power is supplied to the load from the main battery 101 and the sub battery 102. FIG. 4B schematically shows the power supply path at this time.
  • In a state where a fault occurs in one location (FIG. 3B), that is, when any one of the main battery fault detection unit 121, the sub battery fault detection unit 122, the relay failure detection unit 124, the DC/DC converter failure detection unit 125 detects a failure, the following control is performed.
  • In the case of the main battery fault, the relay control unit 126 turns off the IG relay 111, and turns on the switching relay 112, and the DC/DC converter control unit 127 stops the bidirectional DC/DC converter 114.
  • As a result, power is supplied to the load from the sub battery 102. FIG. 5A schematically shows the power supply path at this time.
  • In the case of a sub battery fault, the relay control unit 126 turns on the IG relay 111 and turns off the switching relay 112, and the DC/DC converter control unit 127 stops the bidirectional DC/DC converter 114.
  • As a result, power is supplied to the load from the main battery 101. FIG. 5B schematically shows the power supply path at this time. In addition to the main battery 101, power may also be supplied from the alternator 103.
  • In the case of a failure of the bidirectional DC/DC converter 114, the relay control unit 126 turns on the IG relay 111 and turns off the switching relay 112. As a result, power is supplied to the load from the main battery 101 and the alternator 103. FIG. 6A schematically shows the power supply path at this time.
  • When the IG relay 111 fails, the relay control unit 126 turns on the switching relay 112, and the DC/DC converter control unit 127 sets the operation of the bidirectional DC/DC converter 114 to charge direction. As a result, power is supplied to the load from the main battery 101. The sub battery 102 is also charged. FIG. 6B schematically shows the power supply path at this time. In addition to the main battery 101, power may be supplied from the alternator 103.
  • In the case of a failure of the switching relay 112, the relay control unit 126 turns on the IG relay 111, in addition, the DC/DC converter control unit 127 sets the operation of the bidirectional DC/DC converter 114 to charge direction. As a result, power is supplied to the load from the main battery 101. The sub battery 102 is also charged. FIG. 6C schematically shows the power supply path at this time. In addition to the main battery 101, power may be supplied from the alternator 103.
  • In a state where a double failure occurs (FIG. 3C), that is, two of the main battery fault detection unit 121, the sub battery fault detector 122, the relay failure detector 124, and the DC/DC converter fail, the following control is performed.
  • When the main battery fault and the IG relay fault occur simultaneously, the relay control unit 126 turns on the switching relay 112 and the DC/DC converter control unit 127 stops the bidirectional D/CDC converter 114.
  • As a result, power is supplied to the load from the sub battery 102. FIG. 7A schematically shows the power supply path at this time.
  • When the main battery fault and the switching relay failure occur simultaneously, the relay control unit 126 turns on the IG relay 111 and the DC/DC converter control unit 127 sets the operational direction of the bidirectional DC/DC converter 114 to the discharge direction.
  • As a result, power is supplied to the load from the sub battery 102. FIG. 7B schematically shows the power supply path at this time.
  • If the sub battery fault and the IG relay failure occur simultaneously, the relay control unit 126 turns on the switching relay 112 and the DC/DC converter control unit 127 sets the operational direction of the bidirectional DC/DC converter 114 to the charging direction.
  • As a result, power is supplied to the load from the main battery 101. FIG. 7C schematically shows the power supply path at this time. In addition to the main battery 101, power may also be supplied from the alternator 103.
  • When the sub battery fault and the switching relay failure occur at the same time, the relay control unit 126 turns on the IG relay 111 and the DC/DC converter control unit 127 stops the bidirectional DC/DC converter 114.
  • As a result, power is supplied to the load from the main battery 101. FIG. 7D schematically shows the power supply path at this time. In addition to the main battery 101, power may also be supplied from the alternator 103.
  • As described above, in the power distribution system 110 of the present embodiment, the bidirectional DCDC convertor is connected between the main terminal 116 and the sub terminal 117, and the switching relay 112 is connected between the sub terminal 117 and the load terminal 118. As a result, since cutting off the power supply path taking into consideration of the loss of the battery itself in addition to the failure of relays and the bidirectional DC/DC converter, it is possible to improve the reliability of the power supply to the load.
  • DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS
    • 100 Power Supply
    • 101 Main battery
    • 102 Sub battery
    • 103 Alternator
    • 110 Power Distribution System
    • 111 IG relay
    • 112 Switching relay
    • 114 Bidirectional DC/DC converter
    • 116 Main terminal
    • 117 Sub terminal
    • 118 Load terminal
    • 120 Control unit
    • 121 Main battery fault detector
    • 122 Sub battery fault detector
    • 123 Traveling state discrimination unit
    • 124 Relay failure detection unit
    • 125 DC/DC converter failure detection unit
    • 126 Relay control unit
    • 127 DC/DC converter control unit
    • 131 First load
    • 132 Second load

Claims (5)

What is claimed is:
1. A power distribution system, comprising:
a first terminal to be connected to a first battery;
a second terminal to be connected to a second battery;
a load terminal to be connected to a load;
a bidirectional DC/DC converter connected between the first terminal and the second terminal;
a first relay connected between the first terminal and the load terminal;
a second relay connected between the second terminal and the load terminal; and
a control unit for performing controls of an operation direction of the bidirectional DC/DC converter, an opening and closing operation of the first relay, and an opening and closing operation of the second relay.
2. The power distribution system according to claim 1, wherein
the control unit detects a state in which power is supplied from the first battery, and a state in which power is supplied from the second battery, so as to perform the controls.
3. The power distribution system according to claim 2, wherein
the control unit further detects an operation state of the bidirectional DC/DC converter, so as to perform the controls.
4. The power distribution system according to claim 2,
the control unit further detects an operation state of the first relay and the second relay, so as to perform the controls.
5. The power distribution system according to claim 3,
the control unit further detects an operation state of the first relay and the second relay, so as to perform the controls.
US15/911,440 2017-05-18 2018-03-05 Power distribution system Pending US20180334037A1 (en)

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