US20180257005A1 - Spin-on filter assembly and methods - Google Patents

Spin-on filter assembly and methods Download PDF

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Publication number
US20180257005A1
US20180257005A1 US15/978,703 US201815978703A US2018257005A1 US 20180257005 A1 US20180257005 A1 US 20180257005A1 US 201815978703 A US201815978703 A US 201815978703A US 2018257005 A1 US2018257005 A1 US 2018257005A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
filter
baffle plate
seal
housing
groove
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
US15/978,703
Inventor
Philip E. Johnson
Claudio Formica
Enrico Greco
Michael L. Brown
John R. Hacker
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Donaldson Co Inc
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Donaldson Co Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US74894105P priority Critical
Priority to US11/567,447 priority patent/US8293103B2/en
Priority to US13/655,179 priority patent/US20130043176A1/en
Application filed by Donaldson Co Inc filed Critical Donaldson Co Inc
Priority to US15/978,703 priority patent/US20180257005A1/en
Publication of US20180257005A1 publication Critical patent/US20180257005A1/en
Assigned to DONALDSON COMPANY, INC. reassignment DONALDSON COMPANY, INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: FORMICA, CLAUDIO, GRECO, ENRICO, HACKER, JOHN R., BROWN, MICHAEL L., JOHNSON, PHILIP E.
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D27/00Cartridge filters of the throw-away type
    • B01D27/08Construction of the casing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2201/00Details relating to filtering apparatus
    • B01D2201/34Seals or gaskets for filtering elements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining

Abstract

A spin-on filter cartridge includes a housing, a filter element operably oriented in the housing, a baffle plate, and a seal arrangement. The baffle plate is operably oriented over the housing open end and defines a central flow aperture. The baffle plate also defines a continuous groove immediately adjacent to and circumscribing the central flow aperture. The seal arrangement is secured to the baffle plate and spaced from and circumscribing the continuous groove. A filter assembly including the spin-on filter cartridge and a filter head is also disclosed wherein the filter cartridge is removably mountable on the filter head. When the spin-on filter cartridge is oriented on the filter head, a seal member is received within the continuous groove and the seal arrangement forms a seal between and against the baffle plate and the filter head. The seal can be radial or axial or have both axial and radial components.

Description

    CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application is a continuation of application Ser. No. 13/655,179, filed Oct. 18, 2012 which is a continuation of application Ser. No. 11/567,447, filed Dec. 6, 2006, which issued as U.S. Pat. No. 8,293,103, which claims the benefit of provisional application Ser. No. 60/748,941, filed Dec. 8, 2005, which applications are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.
  • TECHNICAL FIELD
  • This application relates to a fluid filter of the spin-on type.
  • BACKGROUND
  • Spin-on filter assemblies include two parts—a filter head with a threaded spud and a removable and replaceable filter cartridge. The filter head is typically permanently mounted to equipment, such as an engine, hydraulics, or a generator. The filter head has inlet channels for conveying fluid to be filtered to the filter cartridge, and outlet channels for conveying fluid that has been filtered by the cartridge for use by the equipment. The filter cartridge will typically include an outer can or housing holding a filter element of filter media therewithin. The filter cartridge is typically useable over some limited duration due to the limited life of the filter media within. The filter cartridge is removed from the filter head and disposed of and is then replaced with a new filter cartridge. The filter cartridge and filter head are removably connected to each other, typically through a threaded connection. The spud on the filter head will typically have threads, while the filter cartridge will have a threaded aperture to fit on the threaded spud. The threaded connection between the filter cartridge and filter head can sometimes present a leak path for unfiltered fluids. That is, sometimes fluid that has not been filtered can travel along the threads and reach the clean side of the filter without first passing through the filter media. This leakage can lead to particulate material traveling to downstream equipment, which can present problems. Improvements are desirable.
  • SUMMARY
  • A spin-on filter cartridge includes a housing, a filter element operably oriented in the housing, a baffle plate, and a seal arrangement. The baffle plate is operably oriented over the housing open end. The baffle plate defines a central flow aperture. The baffle plate defines a continuous groove immediately adjacent to and circumscribing the central flow aperture. The seal arrangement is secured to the baffle plate spaced from and circumscribing the continuous groove.
  • In another aspect, a filter assembly includes a spin-on filter cartridge as characterized above and a filter head. The spin-on filter cartridge is removably mountable on the filter head. The filter head includes a central spud defining outer threads. An O-ring seal member is operably oriented around the central spud. When the spin-on filter cartridge is operably oriented on the filter head, the O-ring seal member is received within the continuous groove and the seal arrangement forms a seal between and against the baffle plate and the filter head.
  • In another aspect, a method of assembling a filter assembly includes spinning a filter cartridge as characterized above onto a filter head to form a primary seal between the baffle plate on the filter cartridge and the filter head, and until a seal member fixed to the filter head is received within the continuous groove.
  • In another aspect, a filter head is provided. The filter head includes a block defining fluid flow channels; a central spud having a threaded outer wall; and a seal member secured to and circumscribing the central spud.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a spin-on filter cartridge constructed according to principles of this disclosure;
  • FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a spin-on filter cartridge and filter head forming a filter assembly constructed according to principles of this disclosure;
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic, cross-sectional view of a portion of a threaded connection between the spin-on filter cartridge of FIG. 1 and the filter head of FIG. 2, constructed according to principles of this disclosure;
  • FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a filter assembly including a filter head and a filter cartridge constructed according to principles of this disclosure;
  • FIG. 5 is a top plan view of the filter assembly of FIG. 4;
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic, cross-sectional view of the filter assembly of FIGS. 4 and 5, the cross-section being taken along the line 6-6 of FIG. 5;
  • FIG. 7 is an enlarged, fragmented view of the cross-section depicted in FIG. 6 at portion 7-7;
  • FIG. 8 is a schematic, cross-sectional view of the filter head alone depicted in the filter assembly of FIGS. 4-7;
  • FIG. 9 is a perspective view a filter cartridge usable with the filter heads of the preceding embodiments, constructed according to principles of this disclosure;
  • FIG. 10 is a top plan view of the filter cartridge depicted in FIG. 9;
  • FIG. 11 is a schematic, cross-sectional view of the filter cartridge depicted in FIGS. 9 and 10, the cross-section being taken along the line 11-11 of FIG. 10; and
  • FIG. 12 is an enlarged, fragmented view of the cross-section depicted in section 12-12 of FIG. 11.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • In FIG. 1, a spin-on filter cartridge is depicted generally at 10. The spin-on filter cartridge 10, with the exception of certain details in the baffle plate, can be constructed according to U.S. Pat. No. 4,369,113, which is incorporated herein by reference. The filter assembly 10 includes a can or housing 12 having a closed end 14 and an open end 16. The housing 12 defines an interior volume 18. A filter element 20 is operably oriented in the housing interior volume 18. The filter element 20 can be conventionally constructed including filter media 22 extending between first and second end caps 24, 26. In the embodiment shown, the filter element 20 is cylindrical in shape and has pleated media 24. The filter element 20 defines an open filter interior 28.
  • A baffle plate is shown at 30. The baffle plate 30 is operably oriented over the housing open end 16. The baffle plate 30 defines a central flow aperture 32. In preferred embodiments, the central flow aperture 32 is an outlet aperture forming an outlet arrangement.
  • While a variety of implementations of baffle plates 30 are usable without departing from design principles of this disclosure, one type of baffle plate is illustrated in FIGS. 1-3 for illustrative purposes. In the embodiment shown, the baffle plate 30 includes a central hub 34 with an interior wall 36 which defines the central flow aperture 32. Along the interior wall 36 are defined threads 38 for operably mating with threads on a filter head 40 (FIGS. 2 and 3). In the particular embodiment shown, the baffle plate 30 further includes a plurality of ribs 42 extending from the central hub 34. As can be seen in FIG. 2, the ribs 42 are spaced from each other to define regions or fluid openings 44. In preferred embodiments, the fluid openings 44 are inlet apertures forming an inlet arrangement.
  • The baffle plate 30 further includes a groove 50, and in the embodiment shown, a continuous groove 50. In preferred implementations, the continuous groove 50 is a circular groove 50. The groove 50 is defined by a radial surface 52 and an axial support surface 54 generally orthogonal to the radial surface 52. In some embodiments, the radial surface 52 is a sealing surface; in some embodiments, the support surface 54 functions as a sealing surface. Immediately adjacent and intersecting the support surface 54 is hub interior 36 including the threaded section 38. The groove 50 is immediately adjacent to and circumscribes the central flow aperture 32. The groove 50 operates as a seat 56 for a seal member, such as an O-ring. In the embodiment shown, the central hub 34 terminates at the central groove 50 along an axial face 51 of the baffle plate 30.
  • The baffle plate 30 further includes a seal arrangement 70 secured to the baffle plate 30 spaced from and circumscribing the continuous groove 50. The seal arrangement 70 is seated within a groove 72. The seal arrangement 70 can be an O-ring seal member 73. The seal member 73 forms a primary seal 76 (FIG. 6) between the filter cartridge 10 and the filter head 40, when the filter cartridge 10 is operably oriented on the filter head 40. It should be noted that FIG. 6 depicts an alternate embodiment of a filter head, depicted as 40′. This alternate embodiment is described further below; however, with respect to the primary seal 76, it does not change between the filter head 40 of the embodiment of FIGS. 1-3 and the embodiment of FIG. 6.
  • In reference now to FIG. 2, one embodiment of the filter head 40 is depicted. The filter head 40 can be a conventional filter head, other than the provision of a seal member 60. In the embodiment shown, the seal member 60 is an O-ring 62 operably oriented around and against a central spud 64 on the filter head 40. The central spud 64 includes a wall 65 with threads 66 that mate with the threads 38 on the central hub 34. The seal member 60 is oriented at a proximal end 90 of the spud 64, such that the threads 66 are located between the seal member 60 and a distal or free end 92 of the spud 64.
  • The filter head 40 generally comprises a block 85 defining fluid flow channels 68, including inlet channel 67 (FIG. 6) and outlet channel 69 (FIG. 6). The filter head 40 can also include bypass valves. Useful filter heads are described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,104,537; 4,883,083; and 6,024,869, each of which is incorporated by reference herein.
  • In operation, when the filter cartridge 10 is spun on and operably oriented on the filter head 40, the O-ring seal member 62 is received within the continuous groove 50 and forms a seal 80 (FIG. 3). In the embodiment depicted in FIG. 3, the seal 80 is a radially directed seal that is formed between and against radial surface 52 on the baffle plate 30 and a radial surface 74 on the spud 64 of the filter head 40. As can be seen in FIG. 3, other surfaces, including axial surfaces such as support surface 54 can form components to the seal 80. The seal 80 will typically be a secondary seal to help prevent migration of unfiltered fluid along a path between the threads 66 on the filter head 40 and the threads 38 on the filter cartridge 10. The seal arrangement 70 also forms primary seal 76 between and against the baffle plate 30 and the filter head 40.
  • Once the filter cartridge 10 is operably oriented on the filter head 40, in a forward flow system, fluid to be cleaned enters the filter head 40, 40′ through, for example, one of the fluid flow channels 68 (FIG. 6). Next, the fluid flows through the inlet passages 44 in the baffle plate 30. Next, the fluid flows from the volume 18 outside of the filter element 20, through the media 22, and into the open filter interior 28. The filter media 22 helps to remove debris and particulate material from the fluid. From there, the fluid flows from the open filter interior 28 through the central flow aperture 32 and then into the filter head 40, 40′. The fluid then exits the filter head 40, 40′ through one of the flow passages 68, such as outlet passage 69.
  • In reference now to FIG. 4, a filter assembly is shown at reference numeral 100, the filter assembly 100 includes the filter cartridge 10′ and the filter head 40, 40′. In the embodiment in FIG. 4, the filter head is depicted as filter head 40′ because of a variation from the filter head 40 depicted in FIG. 2. The variation is described further below but is otherwise analogous to the filter head 40. FIG. 6 illustrates a cross-sectional view of the filter assembly 100, taken along the line 6-6 of the top view of the assembly 100 in FIG. 5. In the embodiment of FIGS. 4-7, the filter cartridge is depicted as cartridge as 10′ because of a variation in the baffle plate 30. This variation is described further below.
  • In FIG. 8, the filter head 40′ is illustrated. As with filter head 40, the filter head 40′ in FIG. 8 includes a seal member 60′ circumscribing the spud 64. In this embodiment, the seal member 60′ is embodied as an axial seal gasket 102. The gasket 102 is oriented to be against the spud 64 along a radial wall 104 of the spud 64 and also against an axial wall 106 which is orthogonal to the radial wall 104. It should be understood that spud 64 includes threads analogous to threads 66, but the threads are not specifically depicted in the FIG. 8 embodiment.
  • Turning again to FIG. 6, the filter cartridge 10′ includes a groove 50′, which is analogous to the groove 50 of the embodiment of FIGS. 1-3. In this embodiment, the groove 50′ is also immediately adjacent to the central aperture 32 of the baffle plate 30 and it is extended to the openings 44. The groove 50′ defines sealing surface, which is also the support surface 54. When the filter cartridge 10′ is spun onto the filter head 40′, primary seal 76 is formed between seal arrangement 70 and filter head 40′. Secondary seal 80′ (FIG. 7) is formed by axial compression between the gasket 102 and the sealing surface 54 of the baffle plate 30. Specifically, the gasket 102 is squeezed between axial wall 106 on the filter head 40′ and the support surface 54 on the baffle plate 30 of the filter cartridge 10′. It should be understood that in other embodiments, the gasket 102 could be mounted on the filter cartridge 10′, with the corresponding groove being formed on the filter head 40′ at the intersection between axial wall 106 and radial wall 104.
  • FIGS. 9-12 depict the filter cartridge 10′, which is usable with the filter head 10, 10′. The threads 38 depicted in FIG. 1 are omitted in FIGS. 9-12 for purposes of clarity. In FIGS. 9-12, the groove 50′ can be seen, particularly in FIG. 12. It should be understood that if the filter cartridge 10′ having groove 50′ is used with the filter head 40 of FIGS. 2 and 3, the secondary seal will not form, because there will not be a continuous radial sealing surface on the baffle plate 30 to form the secondary seal 80. However, the filter cartridge 10′ is usable with the filter head 40, and the primary seal 76 will still be in place. If the filter cartridge 10′ is used with the filter head 40′, then the secondary seal 80′ (FIG. 7) is formed between support surface or sealing surface 54 and filter head 40′.

Claims (17)

What is claimed is:
1. A spin-on filter cartridge comprising:
(a) a single-piece housing having a closed end, an open end, and an interior volume;
(b) a cylindrical filter element operably oriented in the housing interior volume and defining open filter interior;
(i) the filter element including first and second end caps at opposite ends;
(ii) an extension of media being between the first and second end caps;
(c) a baffle plate secured to the housing at the housing open end;
(i) the housing being around and against an outer periphery of the baffle plate and having a fold over an upper surface of the baffle plate to non-removably secure the baffle plate to the housing;
(ii) the baffle plate having a central hub defining a central flow aperture forming an outlet arrangement;
(iii) the baffle plate defining an inlet arrangement including a plurality of fluid apertures circumscribing and being disposed radially outward of the central flow aperture;
(iv) the baffle plate defining a circular groove immediately adjacent to and forming part of the central flow aperture;
(A) the groove defining a radial sealing surface and a support surface; the support surface intersecting the radial surface; the groove being seal member free and constructed to receive a seal member from an operably placed filter head;
(B) the support surface of the groove facing a direction opposite of the open filter interior;
(d) a seal arrangement secured to the baffle plate spaced from and circumscribing the groove, the inlet arrangement, and the outlet arrangement;
(i) the support surface of the groove being located axially closer to the closed end of the housing than the seal arrangement is located axially relative to the closed end of the housing; and
(ii) the seal arrangement facing a direction opposite of the open filter interior.
2. A spin-on filter cartridge according to claim 1 wherein:
(a) the seal arrangement comprises an O-ring seal member.
3. A spin-on filter cartridge according to claim 2 wherein:
(a) the O-ring seal member is secured within a seal arrangement groove in the baffle plate.
4. A spin-on filter cartridge according to claim 1 wherein:
(a) the filter media is pleated media.
5. A spin-on filter cartridge according to claim 1 further comprising:
(a) an outwardly projecting radial seal between and against a portion of the outer periphery of the baffle plate and an inner surface of the housing.
6. A filter assembly comprising:
(a) a spin-on filter cartridge including:
(i) a single-piece housing having a closed end, an open end, and an interior volume;
(ii) a filter element operably oriented in the housing interior volume and defining open filter interior;
(A) the filter element including first and second end caps at opposite ends and filter media between the first and second end caps;
(iii) a baffle plate secured to the housing at the housing open end;
(A) the housing being around and against an outer periphery of the baffle plate and having a fold over an upper surface of the baffle plate to non-removably secure the baffle plate to the housing;
(B) the baffle plate having a central hub defining a central flow aperture and forming an outlet;
(C) the baffle plate defining an inlet arrangement including a plurality of fluid apertures circumscribing and being disposed radially outward of the central flow aperture;
(D) the baffle plate defining a circular groove immediately adjacent to and forming part of the central flow aperture;
(1) the groove defining a radial sealing surface and a support surface; the support surface intersecting the radial surface; the groove being seal member free;
(2) the support surface of the groove facing a direction opposite of the open filter interior;
(iv) a seal arrangement secured to the baffle plate spaced from and circumscribing the groove, the inlet arrangement, and the outlet;
(A) the support surface of the groove being located axially closer to the closed end of the housing than the seal arrangement is located axially relative to the closed end of the housing; and
(B) the seal arrangement facing a direction opposite of the open filter interior;
(b) a filter head; the spin-on filter cartridge being removably attached to the filter head; the filter head including:
(i) a central spud and a seal member operably oriented around the central spud;
(c) wherein when the spin-on filter cartridge is operably attached to the filter head, the seal member is received within the circular groove of the baffle plate forming a secondary seal between the cartridge and the filter head, and the seal arrangement forms a primary seal between and against the seal arrangement and the filter head.
7. A filter assembly according to claim 6 wherein:
(a) the seal member comprises an O-ring seal member.
8. A filter assembly according to claim 6 wherein:
(a) the secondary seal comprises a radially directed seal between and against the filter head and the radial surface on the circular groove.
9. A filter assembly according to claim 6 wherein:
(a) the seal arrangement comprises an O-ring seal member secured within a seal arrangement groove in the baffle plate.
10. A filter assembly according to claim 6 wherein:
(a) the filter media comprises pleated media.
11. A filter assembly according to claim 6 wherein:
(a) the spin-on filter cartridge further includes an outwardly projecting radial seal between and against a portion of the outer periphery of the baffle plate and an inner surface of the housing.
12. A spin-on filter cartridge comprising:
(a) a single-piece housing having a closed end, an open end, and an interior volume;
(b) a cylindrical filter element operably oriented in the housing interior volume and defining open filter interior;
(i) the filter element including first and second end caps at opposite ends;
(ii) an extension of media being between the first and second end caps;
(c) a baffle plate secured to the housing at the housing open end;
(i) the housing being around and against an outer periphery of the baffle plate and having a fold over an upper surface of the baffle plate to non-removably secure the baffle plate to the housing;
(ii) the baffle plate having a central hub with an interior wall defining a central flow aperture forming an outlet arrangement;
(A) the interior wall having an inwardly directed threaded section; the threaded section being within the interior volume of the housing;
(iii) the baffle plate defining an inlet arrangement including a plurality of fluid apertures circumscribing and being disposed radially outward of the central flow aperture;
(iv) the baffle plate defining a circular groove immediately adjacent to and forming part of the central flow aperture;
(A) the groove defining a radial sealing surface and a support surface; the support surface intersecting the radial surface; the groove being seal member free and constructed to receive a seal member from an operably placed filter head;
(B) the support surface of the groove facing a direction opposite of the open filter interior;
(d) a seal arrangement secured to the baffle plate spaced from and circumscribing the groove, the inlet arrangement, and the outlet arrangement;
(i) the seal arrangement facing a direction opposite of the open filter interior.
13. The spin-on filter cartridge of claim 12 wherein:
(a) the circular groove of the baffle plate being within the interior volume of the housing.
14. The spin-on filter cartridge of claim 12 wherein:
(a) the interior wall of the baffle plate having an outer radial surface that is against an inner radial surface of the first end cap.
15. A spin-on filter cartridge according to claim 12 wherein:
(a) the seal arrangement comprises an O-ring seal member.
16. A spin-on filter cartridge according to claim 12 wherein:
(a) the filter media is pleated media.
17. A spin-on filter cartridge according to claim 12 further comprising:
(a) an outwardly projecting radial seal between and against a portion of the outer periphery of the baffle plate and an inner surface of the housing.
US15/978,703 2005-12-08 2018-05-14 Spin-on filter assembly and methods Pending US20180257005A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US74894105P true 2005-12-08 2005-12-08
US11/567,447 US8293103B2 (en) 2005-12-08 2006-12-06 Spin-on filter assembly and methods
US13/655,179 US20130043176A1 (en) 2005-12-08 2012-10-18 Spin-on filter assembly and methods
US15/978,703 US20180257005A1 (en) 2005-12-08 2018-05-14 Spin-on filter assembly and methods

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US15/978,703 US20180257005A1 (en) 2005-12-08 2018-05-14 Spin-on filter assembly and methods

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US13/655,179 Continuation US20130043176A1 (en) 2005-12-08 2012-10-18 Spin-on filter assembly and methods

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Publication Number Publication Date
US20180257005A1 true US20180257005A1 (en) 2018-09-13

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US11/567,447 Active 2029-08-01 US8293103B2 (en) 2005-12-08 2006-12-06 Spin-on filter assembly and methods
US13/655,179 Abandoned US20130043176A1 (en) 2005-12-08 2012-10-18 Spin-on filter assembly and methods
US15/978,703 Pending US20180257005A1 (en) 2005-12-08 2018-05-14 Spin-on filter assembly and methods

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US11/567,447 Active 2029-08-01 US8293103B2 (en) 2005-12-08 2006-12-06 Spin-on filter assembly and methods
US13/655,179 Abandoned US20130043176A1 (en) 2005-12-08 2012-10-18 Spin-on filter assembly and methods

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US (3) US8293103B2 (en)
EP (3) EP1960081B1 (en)
CN (1) CN101321568B (en)
WO (1) WO2007067791A2 (en)

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WO2007067791A3 (en) 2007-07-26
EP3002050A1 (en) 2016-04-06
EP3311900A1 (en) 2018-04-25
CN101321568B (en) 2010-12-01
WO2007067791A2 (en) 2007-06-14
US8293103B2 (en) 2012-10-23
EP1960081A2 (en) 2008-08-27
CN101321568A (en) 2008-12-10
US20070209992A1 (en) 2007-09-13
EP1960081B1 (en) 2015-07-29
EP3002050B1 (en) 2017-09-27
US20130043176A1 (en) 2013-02-21

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