US20170261211A1 - Cooktop - Google Patents

Cooktop Download PDF

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Publication number
US20170261211A1
US20170261211A1 US15/451,533 US201715451533A US2017261211A1 US 20170261211 A1 US20170261211 A1 US 20170261211A1 US 201715451533 A US201715451533 A US 201715451533A US 2017261211 A1 US2017261211 A1 US 2017261211A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
cooktop
heat sources
heat
maximum power
burner
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US15/451,533
Inventor
Michael Paitchell
Liang Chou Chen
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Foremost Groups Inc
Original Assignee
Foremost Groups Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US201662305677P priority Critical
Application filed by Foremost Groups Inc filed Critical Foremost Groups Inc
Priority to US15/451,533 priority patent/US20170261211A1/en
Assigned to FOREMOST GROUPS, INC. reassignment FOREMOST GROUPS, INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: CHEN, LIANG CHOU, MR., PAITCHELL, MICHAEL, MR.
Publication of US20170261211A1 publication Critical patent/US20170261211A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C3/00Stoves or ranges for gaseous fuels
    • F24C3/08Arrangement or mounting of burners
    • F24C3/082Arrangement or mounting of burners on stoves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C15/00Details
    • F24C15/10Tops, e.g. hot plates; Rings
    • F24C15/107Pan supports or grates therefor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C3/00Stoves or ranges for gaseous fuels
    • F24C3/08Arrangement or mounting of burners
    • F24C3/085Arrangement or mounting of burners on ranges
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C3/00Stoves or ranges for gaseous fuels
    • F24C3/12Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • F24C3/122Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices on stoves

Abstract

A six-burner cooktop has front and rear heat sources on a left side, front and rear heat sources on a right side, and front and rear heat sources in a middle between the left side and the right side. A maximum power output of the rear middle heat source is greater than maximum power outputs of the left side and right side heat sources, and a maximum power output of the front middle heat source is less than the maximum power outputs of the left side and right side heat sources.

Description

    CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION
  • This application claims benefit of U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 62/305,667, filed on Mar. 9, 2016, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.
  • FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The invention relates to cooktops, especially for stoves, kitchen ranges, and the like.
  • BACKGROUND
  • A cooktop, either freestanding or as part of a stove or kitchen range, has one or more heat sources on which a cooking pot or other utensil can be placed to heat or cook food or other substances. The heat sources may be burners that generate heat by the combustion of flammable gas or vapor, or may generate heat in some other way, for example, by electrical resistance or induction heating. All such heat sources are commonly referred to as “burners” and, in the interests of conciseness, may be referred to as such throughout this document.
  • Cooktops have been proposed with more than one heat source of different sizes and/or maximum power outputs, to allow for efficient heating of pots of different sizes and shapes, and/or of foods requiring different temperatures. However, there is still room for improvement.
  • SUMMARY
  • According to one aspect, there is provided a six-heat-source cooktop with front and rear heat sources on a left side, front and rear heat sources on a right side, and front and rear heat sources in a middle between the left side and the right side, wherein a maximum power output of the rear middle heat source is greater than maximum power outputs of the left side and right side heat sources, and a maximum power output of the front middle heat source is less than the maximum power outputs of the left side and right side heat sources.
  • The cooktop may be provided with controls for some or all of the six heat sources at a front of the cooktop.
  • Centers of the front and rear left side heat sources and the front and rear right side heat sources may be positioned at corners of a rectangle. Specifically, the rear left and right side heat sources preferably lie along the same horizontal axis (running from side to side) and the front left and right side heat sources preferably lie along the same horizontal axis (which is parallel to the rear horizontal axis). Also the left front and rear side heat sources preferably lie along the same horizontal axis (running from front to rear) and the right front and rear side heat sources preferably lie along the same horizontal axis (which is parallel to the left side horizontal axis). A center of the front middle heat source is preferably positioned forward of the centers of the front left and front right heat sources. A center of the rear middle heat source is preferably positioned forward of the centers of the rear left and rear right heat sources.
  • In an embodiment, the front and rear left side heat sources and the front and rear right side heat sources may each have a maximum power output of from about 15,500 to about 20,000 BTU/hr., preferably about 18,000 BTU/hr., which may include a simmer ring with a maximum power output of about 1,000 BTU/hr., the middle rear heat source may have a maximum power output of about 30,000 BTU to about 33,000 BTU/hr., and the middle front heat source may have a maximum power output from about 2,500 BTU/hr. to about 4,500 BTU/hr., preferably about 3,000 BTU/hr.
  • The middle rear heat source may be in a well recessed below a general surface of the cooktop on which other ones of the heat sources are placed. The well may then be surrounded by a raised ridge, to obstruct any tendency of liquid spilled onto the general surface to flow into the well.
  • Embodiments of the present burner pan design and burner layout provide sufficient fresh air intake for all the burners, including the large middle rear burner and extra small middle front burner to provide good combustion within limits needed to pass certifications for emissions and energy efficiency.
  • Other aspects include cooking stoves and kitchen ranges including any of the above-mentioned cooktops.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The above and other aspects, features and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following more particular description thereof, presented in conjunction with the following drawings wherein:
  • FIG. 1 is a view of a kitchen stove.
  • FIG. 2 is a top plan view of a cooktop of the stove of FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 3 is a cross section along the line A-A of FIG. 2.
  • FIG. 4 is a plan view of a grate for the cooktop of FIG. 2.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • A better understanding of various features and advantages of the present invention will be obtained by reference to the following detailed description of embodiments the invention and accompanying drawings, which set forth illustrative embodiments that utilize particular principles of the invention.
  • Referring to the accompanying drawings, one form of kitchen stove, indicated generally by the reference numeral 10, comprises a cooktop 20. The cooktop 20 is provided with six burners, a left rear burner 22, a left front burner 24, a right rear burner 26, a right front burner 28, a middle rear burner 30, and a middle front burner 32. In the embodiment, the burners are gas burners, generating heat by the combustion of a mixture of flammable gas or vapor with air. The burners 22, 24, 26, 28, and 32 are mounted on a general surface 34 of the cooktop 20, which is substantially flat and level, below a grate 36 on which pots, pans, and other utensils can be placed over the burners. The middle rear burner 30 is larger than the other burners and, as will be described in more detail below, is preferably mounted in a well 40, below the level of the general surface 34, so that its top is at the correct level relative to the grate 36.
  • Controls 38 are provided, preferably at a front side of the cooktop 20. In FIG. 2, the controls 38 are in a front panel of the stove immediately below the front edge of the cooktop 20. Alternatively, some or all of the controls may be positioned in or on the cooktop itself or elsewhere. The controls 38 typically include a rotary knob for each burner 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32 to turn the respective burner on or off and to adjust the amount of heat produced when the burner is on. The controls 38 may also include one or more controls for an oven or other parts of the stove 10.
  • As best seen in FIG. 3, the well 40 containing the middle rear burner 30 has a sloped outer surface 42 surrounded by a raised ridge 44 separating the well 40 from the general surface 34 of the cooktop 20. The raised ridge 44 serves to obstruct any liquid that is spilt on the general surface 34 from flowing into the well 40. Provided that function is adequately carried out, the exact shape of the sloped surface 42 and the ridge 44 are not very critical, and may be chosen largely for esthetic appearance and easy cleaning.
  • As best seen in FIG. 2, the space occupied by the well 40 round the rear middle burner 30 is considerably larger than the space occupied by any of the other burners. For efficient use of the available area of the cooktop 20, the center of the rear middle burner 30 is offset forwards relative to the centers of the left and right rear burners 22, 26, but not as far forward as the midpoint between the left and right rear burners 22, 26 and the left and right front burners 24, 28.
  • The middle front burner 32 is smaller than the left and right burners 22, 24, 26, 28 and is offset forwards relative to the left and right front burners 24, 28, to fit into the space remaining on the cooktop 20 in front of the well 40.
  • In use, a large cookpot requiring a large amount of heat, or requiring heating over a large bottom area, may be placed on the middle rear burner 30, pots or pans of moderate size may be placed on the left and right burners 22, 24, 26, 28, and an additional small pot, for example, for preparing a sauce or for warming, may be placed on the middle front burner 32.
  • As an example of suitable dimensions, the cooktop 20 may be about 33 inches (850 mm) wide and about 22 inches (550 mm) from front to back. The top of the stove 10 may extend forwards a further 4 inches (100 mm) beyond the front edge of the cooktop, with about half of that forming a bullnose overhang 50, protecting the controls 38. The exact size may be determined by standard kitchen design modules, which may vary from country to country. The left and right burners 22, 24, 26, 28 may be about 5 inches (125 mm) in diameter with their centers about 6 inches (150 mm) from the edges of the cooktop 20. The middle rear burner 30 may be about 7 inches (175 mm) in diameter, with its center about 9.5 inches (240 mm) from the rear edge of the cooktop, and the well 40 may be about 13 inches (325 mm) in diameter across the ridge 44. The small front middle burner 32 may be about 2 ¾ inches (70 mm) in diameter, with its center about 4 inches (100 mm) from the front edge of the cooktop 20.
  • The left and right burners 22, 24, 26, 28 may have a maximum power output of around 18,000 BTU/hr. (5.25 kW). Any or all of those burners may have an integrated simmer ring, with a maximum power output of around 1,000 BTU/hr. (300 W). The 18,000 BTU/hr. maximum output then typically includes both the main burner and the simmer ring. The large middle rear burner 30 may have a maximum power output of around 30,000 BTU/hr (8.8 kW). The small front middle burner 32 may have a maximum power output of around 3,000 BTU/hr (880 W).
  • Referring now also to FIG. 4, the grate 36 may be of cast iron or another suitable material. As shown in FIG. 4, the grate 36 comprises two outer panels 52 and a middle panel 54. The outer panels 52 each span and support pots or pans over the left burners 22, 24 or the right burners 26, 28, respectively. The middle panel 54 spans and supports pots or pans over the middle burners 30, 32. As may be seen by comparing FIGS. 2 and 4, the middle grate panel 54 is wider at the back and narrower at the front, corresponding to the different sizes of the burners. The middle grate panel 54 is arranged to be lifted off, without disturbing the outer panels 52. The middle grate panel 54 may then be replaced with another drop in section of the same dimensions, for example, a French Plate, Wok Ring, or Griddle Plate. Alternatively, a Wok Ring may be provided that seats over middle rear burner 30 on top of grate middle panel 54.
  • In the grate 36 shown in FIG. 4, the frame bars that separate the middle panel 54 from the outer panels 52 are curved, convex away from the middle panel 54. The shape both serves the function of visually dividing the cooktop into areas corresponding generally to the unequal sizes of the six burners, and is esthetically pleasing. Each panel 52, 54 has a bar extending from front to back, aligned with the centers of the two corresponding burners 22, 24, or 26, 28, or 30, 32. Those front-to-back bars have gaps over the middles of the burners, and are supported by crossbars. The front-to-back bars in the outer panels 52 are curved, so that they each follow a line roughly half way between the outer rim of the grate 36 and the frame bars between the middle panel 54 and the respective outer panel 52. Crossbars, both those supporting the front-to-back bars and additional crossbars to provide further support for pots and pans, are provided, and in FIG. 4 are curved to lie on generally parallel arcs, convex to the front and symmetrical from side to side.
  • The preceding description of a presently contemplated best mode of practicing the invention is not to be taken in a limiting sense, but is made merely for the purpose of describing the general principles of the invention. Variations are possible from the specific embodiments described. For example, the patents and applications cross-referenced above describe systems and methods that may advantageously be combined with the teachings of the present application. Although specific embodiments have been described, the skilled person will understand how features of different embodiments may be combined. The full scope of the invention should be determined with reference to the Claims.

Claims (9)

1. A six-heat-source cooktop, comprising:
front and rear heat sources on a left side;
front and rear heat sources on a right side; and
front and rear heat sources in a middle between the left side and the right side;
wherein a maximum power output of the rear middle heat source is greater than maximum power outputs of the left side and right side heat sources, and a maximum power output of the front middle heat source is less than the maximum power outputs of the left side and right side heat sources.
2. The cooktop according to claim 1, further comprising controls for sonic or all of the six heat sources at a front of the cooktop.
3. The cooktop according to claim 1, wherein centers of the front and rear left side heat sources and the front and rear right side heat sources are positioned at corners of a rectangle.
4. The cooktop according to claim 3, wherein a center of the front middle heat source is positioned forward of the centers of the front left and front right heat sources.
5. The cooktop according to claim 3, wherein a center of the rear middle heat source is positioned forward of the centers of the rear left and rear right heat sources.
6. The cooktop according to claim 1, wherein the front and rear left side heat sources and the front and rear right side heat sources each have a maximum power output in the range of from about 15,500 to about 20,000 BTU/hr., the middle rear heat source has a maximum power output in the range of from about 30,000 to about 33,000 BTU/hr., and the middle front heat source has a maximum power output in the range of from about 2,500 to about 4,000 BTU/hr.
7. The cooktop according to claim 1, wherein the middle rear heat source is in a well recessed below a general surface of the cooktop on which other ones of the heat sources are placed.
8. The cooktop according to claim 7, wherein the well is surrounded by a raised ridge,
9. A stove comprising a cooktop according to claim 1.
US15/451,533 2016-03-09 2017-03-07 Cooktop Abandoned US20170261211A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US201662305677P true 2016-03-09 2016-03-09
US15/451,533 US20170261211A1 (en) 2016-03-09 2017-03-07 Cooktop

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US15/451,533 US20170261211A1 (en) 2016-03-09 2017-03-07 Cooktop

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Citations (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US544048A (en) * 1895-08-06 Said bradley and arthur w
US1748742A (en) * 1928-09-22 1930-02-25 William Thomson Inc Gas range
US4622946A (en) * 1985-05-16 1986-11-18 Thermo Electron Corporation Jet impingement/radiation gas-fired cooking range
US5079410A (en) * 1991-01-25 1992-01-07 General Electric Company Power control system adaptable to a plurality of supply voltages
US5215074A (en) * 1992-05-29 1993-06-01 General Electric Company Lift-up cooktop locator with combined function as support rod race
US6236024B1 (en) * 1998-10-23 2001-05-22 Schott Glas Cooktop or stove having an arrangement of a one-piece molded part made of glass ceramic, glass or ceramic in the cooking surface area of the cooking unit in a cutout of a sill plate
US6257228B1 (en) * 1999-04-19 2001-07-10 Curvet Spa Tempered glass hob for kitchen
US20050269310A1 (en) * 2004-03-25 2005-12-08 Ermanno Buzzi Transparent high temperature resistant and protective coating for domestic appliances and method for its deposition
US7363923B2 (en) * 2005-01-05 2008-04-29 Illinois Tool Works Inc. cooking range assembly and monolithic drip pan
US20080115778A1 (en) * 2006-11-22 2008-05-22 Paul Bryan Cadima Grate apparatus and method
US20110091830A1 (en) * 2009-10-21 2011-04-21 Daniel Joseph Trice Baking system for a gas cooking appliance
US20110108016A1 (en) * 2009-11-06 2011-05-12 Timothy Scott Shaffer Burner for cooking appliances
US20120152231A1 (en) * 2009-06-09 2012-06-21 Pcs Holding B.V. Burner Module for a Cooker, a Cooker or Hob and Method for Manufacturing Thereof
US20150184866A1 (en) * 2012-08-28 2015-07-02 Electrolux Home Products Corporation N. V. Method of operating a gas burner of a cooking appliance
US9109802B2 (en) * 2011-06-01 2015-08-18 Premark Peg L.L.C. Method of converting an open-top gas burner arrangement into an infrared radiant burner arrangement
US20150282251A1 (en) * 2014-03-25 2015-10-01 General Electric Company Oven appliance having resistive touchscreen and method for operating same
US20170138603A1 (en) * 2015-11-17 2017-05-18 Whirlpool Corporation Electric warming element for gas burner
US20170160835A1 (en) * 2015-11-09 2017-06-08 Schott Ag Two-dimensional sensor arrangement
US20180003393A1 (en) * 2016-06-30 2018-01-04 Bsh Home Appliances Corporation Griddle and gas burner range having a heat barrier

Patent Citations (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US544048A (en) * 1895-08-06 Said bradley and arthur w
US1748742A (en) * 1928-09-22 1930-02-25 William Thomson Inc Gas range
US4622946A (en) * 1985-05-16 1986-11-18 Thermo Electron Corporation Jet impingement/radiation gas-fired cooking range
US5079410A (en) * 1991-01-25 1992-01-07 General Electric Company Power control system adaptable to a plurality of supply voltages
US5215074A (en) * 1992-05-29 1993-06-01 General Electric Company Lift-up cooktop locator with combined function as support rod race
US6236024B1 (en) * 1998-10-23 2001-05-22 Schott Glas Cooktop or stove having an arrangement of a one-piece molded part made of glass ceramic, glass or ceramic in the cooking surface area of the cooking unit in a cutout of a sill plate
US6257228B1 (en) * 1999-04-19 2001-07-10 Curvet Spa Tempered glass hob for kitchen
US20050269310A1 (en) * 2004-03-25 2005-12-08 Ermanno Buzzi Transparent high temperature resistant and protective coating for domestic appliances and method for its deposition
US7363923B2 (en) * 2005-01-05 2008-04-29 Illinois Tool Works Inc. cooking range assembly and monolithic drip pan
US20080115778A1 (en) * 2006-11-22 2008-05-22 Paul Bryan Cadima Grate apparatus and method
US20120152231A1 (en) * 2009-06-09 2012-06-21 Pcs Holding B.V. Burner Module for a Cooker, a Cooker or Hob and Method for Manufacturing Thereof
US20110091830A1 (en) * 2009-10-21 2011-04-21 Daniel Joseph Trice Baking system for a gas cooking appliance
US20110108016A1 (en) * 2009-11-06 2011-05-12 Timothy Scott Shaffer Burner for cooking appliances
US9109802B2 (en) * 2011-06-01 2015-08-18 Premark Peg L.L.C. Method of converting an open-top gas burner arrangement into an infrared radiant burner arrangement
US20150184866A1 (en) * 2012-08-28 2015-07-02 Electrolux Home Products Corporation N. V. Method of operating a gas burner of a cooking appliance
US20150282251A1 (en) * 2014-03-25 2015-10-01 General Electric Company Oven appliance having resistive touchscreen and method for operating same
US20170160835A1 (en) * 2015-11-09 2017-06-08 Schott Ag Two-dimensional sensor arrangement
US20170138603A1 (en) * 2015-11-17 2017-05-18 Whirlpool Corporation Electric warming element for gas burner
US20180003393A1 (en) * 2016-06-30 2018-01-04 Bsh Home Appliances Corporation Griddle and gas burner range having a heat barrier

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Owner name: FOREMOST GROUPS, INC., NEW JERSEY

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:PAITCHELL, MICHAEL, MR.;CHEN, LIANG CHOU, MR.;SIGNING DATES FROM 20170301 TO 20170303;REEL/FRAME:041481/0981

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