US20170028167A1 - Coronary guide catheter - Google Patents

Coronary guide catheter Download PDF

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Publication number
US20170028167A1
US20170028167A1 US15224323 US201615224323A US2017028167A1 US 20170028167 A1 US20170028167 A1 US 20170028167A1 US 15224323 US15224323 US 15224323 US 201615224323 A US201615224323 A US 201615224323A US 2017028167 A1 US2017028167 A1 US 2017028167A1
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Prior art keywords
layer
guide catheter
main
embodiment
inner
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US15224323
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Jeffrey M. Welch
Gregg Sutton
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Welch Jeffrey M
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Jeffrey M. Welch
Gregg Sutton
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0043Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by structural features
    • A61M25/005Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by structural features with embedded materials for reinforcement, e.g. wires, coils, braids
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0043Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by structural features
    • A61M25/0045Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by structural features multi-layered, e.g. coated
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0021Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by the form of the tubing
    • A61M25/0041Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by the form of the tubing pre-formed, e.g. specially adapted to fit with the anatomy of body channels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/01Introducing, guiding, advancing, emplacing or holding catheters
    • A61M25/06Body-piercing guide needles or the like
    • A61M25/0662Guide tubes

Abstract

Embodiments include an interventional guide catheter, comprising: a main tubular shaft with a distal tip and proximal end; the main tubular shaft comprising: a main inner structural layer comprising a metallic helically wound multi-filar wire extending from a proximal tube termination to a distal end, a braided wire layer covering the main inner structural layer that extends from the proximal tube termination to the distal end, an outer layer of polymer jacketing fixedly attached to the main inner structural layer and braid layer, an inner layer of polymer jacketing and fixedly attached to the main inner structural layer, a distal tip made of layers of polymer, a distal end curve shape for anatomical conformance that is heat processed in the main metal portion of the structure; and a lamination of the inner layer, main inner structural layer, braided wire layer and outer layer. Other embodiments are also included herein.

Description

    CLAIM OF PRIORITY
  • This application claims the benefit of priority to U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 62/199,050, filed Jul. 30, 2015, which is hereby incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.
  • FIELD OF THE TECHNOLOGY
  • The present application relates to coronary guide catheters. More specifically, the present application relates to guide catheters that are used to introduce therapeutic catheters, such as stent delivery systems.
  • BACKGROUND
  • Interventional guide catheters are used by physicians to place catheters, electrode leads and other therapeutic interventional devices to desired locations in the patient's body. The guide catheter provides support for device advancement (stents, balloons, etc.) for instance, to the coronary arteries. It is the main conduit for therapeutic device and guide wire transport and provides a means for injecting contract media. Guide catheters typically have a pre-shaped distal end that is configured to allow access and direction into the arterial branches. In coronary guide catheters, the distal end shapes also provide back-up support for device placement by using shapes made to “back-up” against aortic anatomy.
  • Guide catheters are made so that the distal shapes as much as possible, retain their shape during the procedure and don't soften in body temperature to any significant or detrimental degree. Guide catheters with distal end shapes also are typically made to provide end-to-end torque to allow “steering” the distal end into the artery. In addition, guide catheter are typically made to be relatively stiff so that there is no stretching and biasing during device passage. To achieve these performance criteria, current guide catheter construction means are usually polymer based with metallic wire braid reinforcement.
  • The problems associated with current interventional guide catheters include softening at body temperature thereby losing critical performance features like back-up support or torsion. In addition, guide catheters have been prone to kinking, buckling, ovaling and stretching, especially in long procedures or difficult, more tortuous anatomy.
  • SUMMARY
  • Embodiments disclosed herein include an interventional guide catheter for introducing interventional catheters into the vasculature, comprising: a main tubular shaft with a distal tip and proximal end; the main tubular shaft comprising: a main inner structural layer comprising a metallic helically wound multi-filar wire (wall thickness (0.0015-0.010″) extending from a proximal tube termination to the distal end, a braided wire layer (0.0005-0.010″ thick) covering the metallic helically wound multi-filar layer that extends from the proximal tube termination to the distal end, an outer layer of polymer jacketing covering and fixedly attached to the main metal structure and braid layer with wall thickness of 0.001-0.005″, an inner layer of polymer jacketing covering and fixedly attached to the inner metal structure with wall thickness of 0.001-0.0005″, a distal tip made of layers of polymer, the distal tip being 0.05-0.20″ in length, an optional distal end curve shape for anatomical conformance that is heat processed in the main metal portion (e.g., one or more of the multi-filar layer, braid or the like) of the structure; and a lamination of the inner layer, metallic helically wound multi-filar layer, braid and outer layer that optionally does not comprise fusion of the outer and inner layers. The main metal portion is separately heat processed (e.g., to provide the distal end curve shape) prior to lamination in one example. In another example, the main metal portion is heat processed while incorporated with the other components of the catheter (e.g., the inner and outer layers, or the like).
  • In an embodiment, the main helically wound multi-filar layer terminates distally before the primary curve of the distal end. In another embodiment, the main helically wound layer terminates proximal to the distal end curve shape including the primary curve.
  • In an embodiment, the outer and inner layers are fused together through the main coil structure and braid.
  • In an embodiment, the metal helically wound multi-filar layer comprises stainless steel.
  • In an embodiment, the braid layer comprises stainless steel wire.
  • In an embodiment, the multi-filar structure comprises at least 6 filars and not more than 20 filars.
  • In an embodiment, the multi-filar structure wire has been swaged.
  • In an embodiment, the outer diameter of the main tubular shaft is at least 0.060 inches and not more than 0.115 inches.
  • In an embodiment, the outer layer comprises Pebax.
  • In an embodiment, the outer layer comprises nylon.
  • In an embodiment, the outer layer is coated with a hydrophilic polymer.
  • In an embodiment, the inner layer comprises PTFE.
  • In an embodiment, the inner layer comprises nylon.
  • In an embodiment, the inner layer is coated with a hydrophilic polymer.
  • In an embodiment, the distal tip comprises a PTFE inner layer and a Pebax outer layer.
  • In an embodiment, the metallic helically wound layer comprises welded terminations.
  • In an embodiment, the metallic helically wound layer comprises a distal end that comprises a gold coating.
  • In an embodiment, the gold coating is at least 0.5 mm and not more than 2 mm in length.
  • In an embodiment, the outer layer comprises at least two layers of Pebax.
  • In an embodiment, the outer layer is heat shrinkable to allow it to be formed tightly onto the metallic helically wound layer.
  • In an embodiment, the metallic helically wound wire has a rectangular cross-section.
  • In an embodiment, the metallic helically wound wire has a circular cross-section.
  • In an embodiment, the metallic helically wound layer wire has an oval or elliptical cross-section.
  • In an embodiment, the metallic helically wound layer wire has been coated with PTFE coating prior to forming into the multi-filar configuration.
  • In an embodiment, the main tubular shaft length is at least 60 cm and not more than 200 cm long.
  • This summary is an overview of some of the teachings of the present application and is not intended to be an exclusive or exhaustive treatment of the present subject matter. Further details are found in the detailed description and appended claims. Other aspects will be apparent to persons skilled in the art upon reading and understanding the following detailed description and viewing the drawings that form a part thereof, each of which is not to be taken in a limiting sense. The scope of the present application is defined by the appended claims and their legal equivalents.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES
  • The technology may be more completely understood in connection with the following drawings, in which:
  • FIG. 1 is a front view of a guide catheter, according to an embodiment.
  • FIG. 2 is a back view of a guide catheter, according to an embodiment.
  • FIG. 3 is a cross-section view of a guide catheter, according to an embodiment.
  • FIG. 4 is a cross-section view of a portion of a guide catheter, according to an embodiment.
  • FIG. 5 is a cross-section view of a portion of a guide catheter, according to an embodiment.
  • FIG. 6 is a cross-section view of a portion of a guide catheter, according to an embodiment.
  • FIG. 7 is a cross-section view of a portion of a guide catheter, according to an embodiment.
  • FIG. 8 is a cross-section view of a portion of a guide catheter, according to an embodiment.
  • FIG. 9 is a cross-section view of a portion of a guide catheter, according to an embodiment.
  • FIG. 10 is a front view of a guide catheter, according to an embodiment.
  • While the technology is susceptible to various modifications and alternative forms, specifics thereof have been shown by way of example and drawings, and will be described in detail. It should be understood, however, that the application is not limited to the particular embodiments described. On the contrary, the application is to cover modifications, equivalents, and alternatives falling within the spirit and scope of the technology.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • The embodiments of the present technology described herein are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the technology to the precise forms disclosed in the following detailed description. Rather, the embodiments are chosen and described so that others skilled in the art can appreciate and understand the principles and practices of the present technology.
  • All publications and patents mentioned herein are hereby incorporated by reference. The publications and patents disclosed herein are provided solely for their disclosure. Nothing herein is to be construed as an admission that the inventors are not entitled to antedate any publication and/or patent, including any publication and/or patent cited herein.
  • The guide catheter as described herein can solve the problems associated with current guide catheter technology by providing a novel design, construction and materials.
  • The guide catheter, described herein, can be used in interventional cases where significant arterial tortuosity is encountered such as using a radial artery access or using a femoral approach on an obese patient.
  • In various embodiments, the guide catheter can include a composite built tube that can be fabricated using a specially wound metal inner layer and jacketed with very thin layers of polymer inside and out. The metallic inner layer can be made using a multi-filar (6-20 filars) helically wound wire structure. In some embodiments, the helical structure can be swaged, such that each individual wire strand is partially rectangular in cross-section and therefore can result in a very tight/close fitting wire matrix. The helical structure can also be made using a non-swaged, round, square or rectangular wire.
  • In various embodiments, the wall thickness of the inner metal structure can range from 1.5 to 10 thousandths of an inch thick.
  • The helically wound metal structure can improve the mechanical integrity of the catheter tube, such as compared to current guide catheters with respect to kinking, buckling, flexibility, radial strength, and maintaining circularity of the catheter lumen cross-section.
  • This marked improvement can be achieved by the significant increase in the amount of metal in the catheter. For instance, current guide catheters that are composite built or wire braid reinforced have total cross-sectional metallic component in the range of 5-10%. The guide catheter as described herein can have a total cross-sectional metallic component of 40-60%. The transmission of mechanical energy through this significantly higher modulus composite can result in significantly higher performance.
  • The guide catheter of this invention also comprises an outer polymer layer and an inner polymer layer. In an embodiment, the outer polymer layer and the inner polymer layer can include one or more polymers, such as PTFE, Pebax, or Polyurethane. The polymer layers can be attached to the metal structure by thermal polymer heat-shrinking or reflow. The resultant wall thickness of the polymer layers can range from 0.5 to 3.0 thousandths of an inch for each layer.
  • In various embodiments, the guide catheter can include a pre-shaped curve, such as a curved distal end region. The guide catheter can attain the pre-shaped curve configuration by heat-setting the metal in this portion of the catheter. The result can include a curve that retains its shape in body temperature and over time does not substantially soften, such as soften enough to unintentionally change shape.
  • The guide catheter can further include a soft (low durometer) polymer distal tip, various distal curve shapes, a radiopaque distal marker band, and a proximal luer adapter.
  • The guide catheter range in sizes from 4 F to 8 F and in lengths from 80 to 125 cm.
  • In reference now to the figures, FIG. 1 shows a front view of a guide catheter 100, according to an embodiment. FIG. 2 shows a back view of the guide catheter 100. FIG. 3 shows a cross-sectional view of the guide catheter 100. In an embodiment, the guide catheter 100 can be configured for introducing interventional catheters into the vasculature of a patient.
  • In an embodiment, the catheter 100 can include a main tubular shaft 102 with a distal tip 104 and proximal end 106. The distal tip 104 can be on the opposite end of the tubular shaft 102 from the proximal end 106. The distal tip 104 can include at least one layer of polymer. In an embodiment, the distal tip 104 includes at least two layers of polymer. In an embodiment, the distal tip 104 can include an inner layer and an outer layer. In an embodiment, the inner layer of the distal tip 104 can include PTFE. In an embodiment, the outer layer of the distal tip 104 can include Pebax.
  • In an embodiment, the distal tip 104 can be at least 0.05 inches long. In an embodiment, the distal tip 104 can be at least 0.02 inches long. In an embodiment, the distal tip 104 can be 0.2 inches long or shorter. In an embodiment, the distal tip 104 can be 0.5 inches long or shorter. In various embodiments, the tubular shaft 102 can include a main inner structural layer.
  • The main inner structural layer can include a metallic helically wound multi-filar wire extending from a proximal tube termination (e.g., the proximal shaft end 106 or proximal shaft portion 108) to a distal end 112 including at least the bracketed 112 shown in FIGS. 1-3 (e.g., at the distal location). The main inner structural layer can further include a braided wire layer. In various embodiments, the braided wire layer can cover at least a portion of the outer portion (opposite from the inner lumen) of the metallic helically wound multi-filar layer that extends from the proximal tube termination to the distal end. In other embodiments, the braided wire layer is within the metallic helically wound multi-filar layer.
  • In various embodiments, the main tubular shaft 102 can include an outer layer. The outer layer can include a polymer. The outer layer can jacket, coat, or cover the outer surface of the main inner structural layer. The outer layer can be fixedly attached to the main inner structural layer.
  • In various embodiments, the main tubular shaft 102 can include an inner layer. The inner layer can include a polymer. The inner layer can jacket, coat, or cover the inner surface of the main inner structural layer. The inner layer can be fixedly attached to the main inner structural layer.
  • The main tubular shaft 102 can include a curve, such as on the distal end (shown in FIG. 10). The curve shape can be configured for anatomical conformance. The shape can be heat processed in the main tubular shaft 102, such as in the main inner structural layer or another metal portion. In an embodiment, the helically wound multi-filar layer terminates distally prior to the curve of the distal end. In another embodiment the helically wound multi-filar layer terminates proximal a primary curve of the curve (e.g., of the distal end curve shape) and distal to other portions of the curve including, but not limited to secondary and tertiary curves.
  • In various embodiments, the metallic helically wound multi-filar layer, and the braid can be laminated by the inner layer and the outer layer, such that the lamination does not fuse the outer layer and the inner layer together.
  • In an embodiment, the main tubular shaft 102 can be at least 60 cm long and not longer than 200 cm. In an embodiment, the main tubular shaft 102 can be at least 10 cm long and not longer than 300 cm. In an embodiment, the main tubular shaft 102 can be at least 30 cm long and not longer than 250 cm. In an embodiment, the main tubular shaft 102 can be at least 50 cm long and not longer than 225 cm.
  • In an embodiment, the main tubular shaft 102 can have an outer diameter of at least 0.060 inches and not more than 0.115 inches. In an embodiment, the main tubular shaft 102 can have an outer diameter of at least 0.060 inches. In an embodiment, the main tubular shaft 102 can have an outer diameter of at least 0.040 inches. In an embodiment, the main tubular shaft 102 can have an outer diameter of at least 0.050 inches. In an embodiment, the main tubular shaft 102 can have an outer diameter of at least 0.070 inches. In an embodiment, the main tubular shaft 102 can have an outer diameter of at least 0.080 inches.
  • In an embodiment, the main tubular shaft 102 can have an outer diameter of no greater than 0.115 inches. In an embodiment, the main tubular shaft 102 can have an outer diameter of no greater than 0.095 inches. In an embodiment, the main tubular shaft 102 can have an outer diameter of no greater than 0.105 inches. In an embodiment, the main tubular shaft 102 can have an outer diameter of no greater than 0.125 inches. In an embodiment, the main tubular shaft 102 can have an outer diameter of no greater than 0.135 inches.
  • FIG. 4 and FIG. 5 show cross-section views of portions of a guide catheter 100, according to various embodiments. FIG. 5 shows a cross-section of a portion of the distal tip 104. As seen in FIG. 5, the guide catheter 100 can define one or more apertures 506. In various embodiments, the main tubular shaft 102 can define an aperture 506. In an embodiment, the distal tip 104 can define an aperture 506.
  • FIG. 6 shows a cross-section view of a portion of the main tubular shaft 102, according to an embodiment. FIG. 7 shows a cross-section view from the end of the main tubular shaft 102. In an embodiment, the main tubular shaft 102, can include a main inner structural layer 608. The main inner structural layer 608 can include a metallic helically wound multi-filar wire. In various embodiments, the metallic helically wound multi-filar wire can include stainless steel. In various embodiments, the metallic helically wound multi-filar wire can be swaged.
  • In various embodiments, the metallic helically wound multi-filar wire can include at least 6 filars and not more than 20 filars. In various embodiments, the metallic helically wound multi-filar wire can include at least 4 filars and not more than 24 filars. In various embodiments, the metallic helically wound multi-filar wire can include at least 8 filars and not more than 18 filars. In various embodiments, the metallic helically wound wire can have a rectangular cross-section, a circular cross-section, an oval cross-section or an elliptical cross-section. In various embodiments, the metallic helically wound wire can have been substantially coated with PTFE coating prior to forming into the multi-filar configuration.
  • In an embodiment, the main inner structural layer 608 can include welded terminations. In an embodiment, the main inner structural layer 608 can include a distal end that includes a gold coating. In various embodiments, the gold coating can range from 0.5 mm thick to 2 mm in length. In various embodiments, the gold coating can range from 0.4 mm thick to 2.5 mm in length. In various embodiments, the gold coating can range from 0.25 mm thick to 3 mm in length.
  • In an embodiment, the main inner structural layer 608 can have a thickness that can range from 0.0015 inches to 0.010 inches (e.g., one or more of a consistent thickness or variable thicknesses). In an embodiment, the main inner structural layer 608 can have a thickness of at least 0.0010 inches. In an embodiment, the main inner structural layer 608 can have a thickness of at least 0.0005 inches. In an embodiment, the main inner structural layer 608 can have a thickness of no greater than 0.015 inches. In an embodiment, the main inner structural layer 608 can have a thickness of no greater than 0.020 inches. Optionally, the main inner structural layer 608 includes a varying wall thickness. For instance, the metallic helically wound multi-filar wire is ground so that portions of the layer have varying thickness. The catheter, in some examples includes corresponding reduced diameter based on the grinding of the metallic helically wound multi-filar wire. In still another example, the metallic helically wound multi-filar wire is formed with a varied diameter (e.g., is necked) to accordingly decrease the thickness of the main inner structural layer 608. In one example, a proximal portion of the main inner structural layer 608 includes a greater thickness relative to a distal portion to enhance pushability of the catheter. In another example, the distal portion of the main inner structural layer 608 has a lesser thickness than the proximal portion to facilitate bending and corresponding navigation through tortuous vasculature. In an embodiment, the main tubular shaft 102 can include an outer layer 610. The outer layer 610 can include a polymer. The outer layer 610 can jacket or cover at least a portion of the outer portion of the main inner structural layer 608. In an embodiment, the outer layer 610 can be at least 0.001 inches thick and not more than 0.005 inches thick. In an embodiment, the outer layer 610 can be at least 0.0007 inches thick. In an embodiment, the outer layer 610 can be at least 0.0005 inches thick. In an embodiment, the outer layer 610 can be no more than 0.007 inches thick. In an embodiment, the outer layer can be no more than 0.01 inches thick.
  • In an embodiment, the outer layer 610 can include Pebax. In an embodiment, the outer layer 610 can include nylon. In an embodiment, the outer layer 610 can be coated with a hydrophilic polymer. In an embodiment, the outer layer 610 can include at least two layers. In an embodiment, each of the two layers included in the outer layer 610 can include Pebax. In various embodiments, the outer layer 610 can be heat shrinkable, such as to allow the outer layer 610 to be formed tightly onto the main inner structural layer 608.
  • In an embodiment, the main tubular shaft 102 can include an inner layer 612. The inner layer 612 can include a polymer. The inner layer 612 can jacket or cover at least a portion of the inner portion of the main inner structural layer 608. In an embodiment, the inner layer 612 can be at least 0.001 inches thick and not more than 0.005 inches thick. In an embodiment, the inner layer 612 can be at least 0.0007 inches thick. In an embodiment, the inner layer 612 can be at least 0.0005 inches thick. In an embodiment, the inner layer 612 can be no more than 0.007 inches thick. In an embodiment, the inner layer can be no more than 0.01 inches thick.
  • In an embodiment, the inner layer 612 can include PTFE. In an embodiment, the inner layer 612 can include nylon. In an embodiment, the inner layer 612 can be coated with a hydrophilic polymer.
  • In an embodiment, the outer layer 610 and the inner layer 612 can be fused together, such as through the main inner structural layer 608 and/or the braid 814 (shown in FIG. 8).
  • FIG. 8 shows a cross-section view of a portion of the main tubular shaft 802, according to an embodiment. FIG. 9 shows a cross-section view from the end of the main tubular shaft 802.
  • In various embodiments, the main tubular shaft 802 can include a braided wire layer 814. In an embodiment, the braided wire layer 814 can be disposed between the main inner structural layer 808 and the outer layer 810. In an embodiment, the braided wire layer 814 can be disposed within a portion of the outer layer 810. In another embodiment, the braided wire layer 814 is provided within the main inner structural layer 808 (e.g., along the interior of the layer 808). Optionally, the braided wire layer 814 is between the inner layer 812 and the main inner structural layer 808.
  • The braided wire layer 814 can cover at least a portion of the main inner structural layer 808, such as the helically wound multi-filar layer. In an embodiment, the braided wire can include stainless steel.
  • In an embodiment, the braided wire layer 814 can be at least 0.0005 inches thick and not more than 0.010 inches thick. In an embodiment, the braided wire layer 814 can be at least 0.005 inches thick and not more than 0.010 inches thick.
  • In an embodiment, the braided wire layer 814 can be at least 0.0004 inches thick. In an embodiment, the braided wire layer 814 can be at least 0.0003 inches thick. In an embodiment, the braided wire layer 814 can be no more than 0.015 inches thick. In an embodiment, the braided wire layer 814 can be no more than 0.020 inches thick.
  • FIG. 10 shows a front view of a guide catheter 1000, according to an embodiment. In an embodiment, the guide catheter 1000 can include a distal end curve 1016. The distal end curve 1016 can be configured for anatomical conformance. The distal end curve 1016 can be heat processed in the metal portion of the catheter 1000. In an embodiment, the main helically wound layer can terminate distally before a primary curve (e.g., one or more of curves 1018, 1020, 1022 or the like) of the distal end 112.
  • In various embodiments, the guide catheter can include a pre-shaped curve, such as a curved distal end region. The guide catheter can attain the pre-shaped curve configuration by heat-setting the metal in this portion of the catheter. The result can include a curve that retains its shape in body temperature and over time does not substantially soften, such as soften enough to unintentionally change shape.
  • It should be noted that, as used in this specification and the appended claims, the singular forms “a,” “an,” and “the” include plural referents unless the content clearly dictates otherwise. Thus, for example, reference to a composition containing “a compound” includes a mixture of two or more compounds. It should also be noted that the term “or” is generally employed in its sense including “and/or” unless the content clearly dictates otherwise.
  • It should also be noted that, as used in this specification and the appended claims, the phrase “configured” describes a system, apparatus, or other structure that is constructed or configured to perform a particular task or adopt a particular configuration to. The phrase “configured” can be used interchangeably with other similar phrases such as arranged and configured, constructed and arranged, constructed, manufactured and arranged, and the like.
  • All publications and patent applications in this specification are indicative of the level of ordinary skill in the art to which this technology pertains. All publications and patent applications are herein incorporated by reference to the same extent as if each individual publication or patent application was specifically and individually indicated by reference.
  • The technology has been described with reference to various specific and preferred embodiments and techniques. However, it should be understood that many variations and modifications may be made while remaining within the spirit and scope of the technology.

Claims (26)

  1. 1. An interventional guide catheter for introducing interventional catheters into the vasculature, comprising:
    a main tubular shaft with a distal tip and proximal end; the main tubular shaft comprising:
    a main inner structural layer comprising a metallic helically wound multi-filar wire extending from a proximal tube termination to a distal end, the multi-filar wire having a wall thickness of 0.0015 to 0.010 inches,
    a braided wire layer covering the main inner structural layer that extends from the proximal tube termination to the distal end, the braided wire layer having a thickness of 0.0005 to 0.010 inches,
    an outer layer of polymer jacketing covering and fixedly attached to the main inner structural layer and braid layer with wall thickness of 0.001 to 0.005 inches,
    an inner layer of polymer jacketing covering and fixedly attached to the main inner structural layer with wall thickness of 0.001 to 0.0005 inches,
    a distal tip made of layers of polymer, the distal tip being 0.05-0.20 inches in length,
    a distal end curve shape for anatomical conformance formed by the main inner structural layer; and
    a lamination of the inner layer, main inner structural layer, braided wire layer and outer layer with the inner layer spaced from the outer layer.
  2. 2. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the main helically wound layer terminates distally before a primary curve of the distal end curve shape.
  3. 3. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the outer and inner layers are fused together through one or more of the main inner structural layer or the braided wire layer.
  4. 4. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the lamination does not comprise fusion of the outer and inner layers.
  5. 5. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the metallic helically wound multi-filar wire comprises stainless steel.
  6. 6. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the braided wire layer comprises stainless steel wire.
  7. 7. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the main inner structural layer comprises at least 6 filars and not more than 20 filars.
  8. 8. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the metallic helically wound multi-filar wire has been swaged.
  9. 9. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein an outer diameter of the main tubular shaft is at least 0.060 inches and not more than 0.115 inches.
  10. 10. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the outer layer comprises Pebax.
  11. 11. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the outer layer comprises Nylon.
  12. 12. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the outer layer is coated with a hydrophilic polymer.
  13. 13. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the inner layer comprises PTFE.
  14. 14. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the inner layer comprises Nylon.
  15. 15. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the inner layer is coated with a hydrophilic polymer.
  16. 16. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the distal tip comprises a PTFE inner layer and a Pebax outer layer.
  17. 17. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the main inner structural layer comprises welded terminations.
  18. 18. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the main inner structural layer comprises a distal end that comprises a gold coating.
  19. 19. The guide catheter of claim 18, wherein the gold coating is at least 0.5 mm and not more than 2 mm in length.
  20. 20. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the outer layer comprises at least two layers of Pebax.
  21. 21. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the outer layer is heat shrunk around the the main inner structural layer.
  22. 22. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the metallic helically wound multi-filar wire has a rectangular cross-section.
  23. 23. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the metallic helically wound multi-filar wire has a circular cross-section.
  24. 24. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the metallic helically wound multi-filar wire has an oval or elliptical cross-section.
  25. 25. The guide catheter of claim 1, wherein the metallic helically wound multi-filar wire has been coated with PTFE coating prior to forming the main inner structural layer.
  26. 26. The guide catheter of claim 1 wherein the main tubular shaft length is at least 60 cm and not more than 200 cm long.
US15224323 2015-07-30 2016-07-29 Coronary guide catheter Pending US20170028167A1 (en)

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US201562199050 true 2015-07-30 2015-07-30
US15224323 US20170028167A1 (en) 2015-07-30 2016-07-29 Coronary guide catheter

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US15224323 US20170028167A1 (en) 2015-07-30 2016-07-29 Coronary guide catheter

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US20170028167A1 true true US20170028167A1 (en) 2017-02-02

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US15224323 Pending US20170028167A1 (en) 2015-07-30 2016-07-29 Coronary guide catheter

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US (1) US20170028167A1 (en)
EP (1) EP3328476A1 (en)
JP (1) JP2018522704A (en)
CA (1) CA2994262A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2017020012A1 (en)

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US5558652A (en) * 1994-10-06 1996-09-24 B. Braun Medical, Inc. Introducer with radiopaque marked tip and method of manufacture therefor
US5846229A (en) * 1996-05-31 1998-12-08 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Catheter for the right coronary artery
US20020068899A1 (en) * 2000-12-06 2002-06-06 Rex Medical Introducer sheath with retainer
US20020095102A1 (en) * 2000-05-08 2002-07-18 Winters R. Edward Multi-feature steerable guidewire for vascular systems
US20060095050A1 (en) * 2004-09-14 2006-05-04 William A. Cook Australia Pty. Ltd. Large diameter sheath
US20070233040A1 (en) * 2006-03-31 2007-10-04 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Flexible endoscope with variable stiffness shaft

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US5782811A (en) * 1996-05-30 1998-07-21 Target Therapeutics, Inc. Kink-resistant braided catheter with distal side holes
US6554820B1 (en) * 2000-03-08 2003-04-29 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Composite flexible tube for medical applications
US7354428B1 (en) * 2003-03-11 2008-04-08 Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Guiding catheter shaft with improved radiopacity on the wire braid
JP6050045B2 (en) * 2012-07-20 2016-12-21 テルモ株式会社 Coronary artery catheter
CN105579091A (en) * 2013-06-28 2016-05-11 吉梅迪克斯公司 Introducer sheath for radial artery access

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5106363A (en) * 1988-10-11 1992-04-21 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Blood perfusion system and tube used therein
US5472435A (en) * 1993-05-21 1995-12-05 Navarre Biomedical, Ltd. Drainage catheter
US5558652A (en) * 1994-10-06 1996-09-24 B. Braun Medical, Inc. Introducer with radiopaque marked tip and method of manufacture therefor
US5846229A (en) * 1996-05-31 1998-12-08 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Catheter for the right coronary artery
US20020095102A1 (en) * 2000-05-08 2002-07-18 Winters R. Edward Multi-feature steerable guidewire for vascular systems
US20020068899A1 (en) * 2000-12-06 2002-06-06 Rex Medical Introducer sheath with retainer
US20060095050A1 (en) * 2004-09-14 2006-05-04 William A. Cook Australia Pty. Ltd. Large diameter sheath
US20070233040A1 (en) * 2006-03-31 2007-10-04 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Flexible endoscope with variable stiffness shaft

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JP2018522704A (en) 2018-08-16 application
EP3328476A1 (en) 2018-06-06 application
CA2994262A1 (en) 2017-02-02 application
WO2017020012A1 (en) 2017-02-02 application

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