US20150195771A1 - Adding service set identifier or access point name to wlan to cellular signalling messages - Google Patents

Adding service set identifier or access point name to wlan to cellular signalling messages Download PDF

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US20150195771A1
US20150195771A1 US14412766 US201214412766A US2015195771A1 US 20150195771 A1 US20150195771 A1 US 20150195771A1 US 14412766 US14412766 US 14412766 US 201214412766 A US201214412766 A US 201214412766A US 2015195771 A1 US2015195771 A1 US 2015195771A1
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Prior art keywords
location information
local area
message
area network
interface
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US14412766
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US9826465B2 (en )
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Tuija Helena Hurtta
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Nokia Technologies Oy
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Nokia Solutions and Networks Oy
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W48/00Access restriction; Network selection; Access point selection
    • H04W48/08Access restriction or access information delivery, e.g. discovery data delivery
    • H04W48/14Access restriction or access information delivery, e.g. discovery data delivery using user query or user detection
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W48/00Access restriction; Network selection; Access point selection
    • H04W48/08Access restriction or access information delivery, e.g. discovery data delivery
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W64/00Locating users or terminals or network equipment for network management purposes, e.g. mobility management
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W8/00Network data management
    • H04W8/02Processing of mobility data, e.g. registration information at HLR [Home Location Register] or VLR [Visitor Location Register]; Transfer of mobility data, e.g. between HLR, VLR or external networks
    • H04W8/08Mobility data transfer
    • H04W8/10Mobility data transfer between location register and external networks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W84/00Network topologies
    • H04W84/02Hierarchically pre-organised networks, e.g. paging networks, cellular networks, WLAN [Wireless Local Area Network] or WLL [Wireless Local Loop]
    • H04W84/04Large scale networks; Deep hierarchical networks
    • H04W84/042Public Land Mobile systems, e.g. cellular systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W84/00Network topologies
    • H04W84/02Hierarchically pre-organised networks, e.g. paging networks, cellular networks, WLAN [Wireless Local Area Network] or WLL [Wireless Local Loop]
    • H04W84/10Small scale networks; Flat hierarchical networks
    • H04W84/12WLAN [Wireless Local Area Networks]
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W88/00Devices specially adapted for wireless communication networks, e.g. terminals, base stations or access point devices
    • H04W88/02Terminal devices
    • H04W88/06Terminal devices adapted for operation in multiple networks or having at least two operational modes, e.g. multi-mode terminals
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W92/00Interfaces specially adapted for wireless communication networks
    • H04W92/02Inter-networking arrangements

Abstract

The application relates to the integration of WLAN access networks into cellular communication networks, often referred to as “Non-3GPP Access” in 3GPP standardisation, in particular TS 23.402. Location information, such as SSID, WLAN access point name, WLAN access point identifier, WLAN access point MAC address is currently not available for GTP based S2 a nor GTP based S2 b, and neither for the Gn interface nor for PMIPv6 based S2 a. However, Location information is needed in the PGW/GGSN for multiple purposes, e.g. for policy enforcement, charging and lawful interception. This problem is solved by the application in that the missing information is included in a protocol message of the cellular communications system, in particular a GTPv1, GTPv2 or PMIPv6 signalling message, and communicated (S2) to the cellular communications system. Furthermore, an event trigger, similar to event triggers on the Gx interface which may be set by the PCRF, may be set by the PCRF/OCS in the WLAN (S4, S5) to request up-to-date location information (S6, S7, S8).

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • 1. Field of the Invention
  • The present invention relates to location information of a local area network in a cellular communications network system when the local area network provides wireless access to a core network of the cellular communications network system.
  • 2. Related Background Art
  • The following meanings for the abbreviations used in this specification apply:
  • 3GPP third generation partnership project
    AAA authentication, authorization, accounting
    AF application function
    AVP attribute value pair
    CC contents of communications
    CDR charging data record
    CG charging gateway
    CGI cell global identifier
  • ECGI E-UTRAN CGI
  • E-UTRAN evolved universal terrestrial radio access network
    ePDG evoloved packet data gateway
    GGSN gateway GPRS support node
    GPRS general packet radio service
    GTP GPRS tunneling protocol
    GW gateway
    IMS IP multimedia system
    IP internet protocol
    IRI intercept related information
    LAI location area identifier
    LIG lawful interception gateway
    MAC medium access control
    OCS online charging system
    PCRF policy charging and rules function
    P-CSCF proxy call session control function
    PDN packet data network
    PGW packet GW
    PMIP proxy mobile IP
    R release
    RAI routing area identifier
    SAI service area identifier
    SSID service set identifier
    TAI tracking area identity
    UE user equipment
    ULI user location information
    v version
    WLAN wireless local area network
  • In a cellular communications network system, operators are interested in using WLAN(s) as complementary access and in offloading selected users from the cellular communications network system to WLAN(s). Commonly, it is desired to connect a WLAN access to an operator's core network of the cellular communications network system. This way, core functionalities (e.g. policy enforcement, charging, lawful interception, etc.) become available for WLAN access.
  • Currently there is an interest in a trusted WLAN access which is under standardisation in 3GPP R11. From the architecture point of view, there is an access GW between the trusted WLAN access and a PGW. The access GW is connected to the PGW via an interface S2 a. GTP based S2 a is currently under standardisation in 3GPP R11. In addition, there is a solution to use an interface Gn for connecting an access GW and a GGSN.
  • There is also an interest in an untrusted WLAN access. From the architecture point of view, there is an ePDG between the untrusted WLAN access and the PGW. The ePDG is connected to the PGW via an interface S2 b. GTP based S2 b is standardised in 3GPP R10.
  • It is to be noted that it is also possible to use PMIPv6 on the interfaces S2 a, S2 b. Location information is not available for GTP based S2 a nor GTP based S2 b, and neither for the Gn interface nor for PMIPv6 based S2 a. Location information is needed in the PGW/GGSN for multiple purposes, e.g. for policy enforcement, charging and lawful interception.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention aims at enabling use of location information of a local area network in a core network of a cellular communications network system, when the local area network is used for wirelessly accessing the core network.
  • This is achieved at least in part by the methods and apparatuses as defined in the appended claims. The invention may also be implemented by a computer program product.
  • In the following the invention will be described by way of exemplary embodiments thereof with reference to the accompanying drawings which—together with the description—form part of the specification of this application.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 shows a schematic block diagram illustrating an architecture of a cellular communications network system which is wirelessly accessed via a local area network, to which the invention may be applied according to an exemplary embodiment thereof.
  • FIG. 2 shows a signaling diagram illustrating an example scenario of making available location information of a local area network in a core network of a cellular communications network system, according to an exemplary embodiment of the invention.
  • FIG. 3 shows a simplified block diagram of various electronic devices that are suitable for use in practicing the exemplary embodiments of this invention.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS
  • FIG. 1 shows an architecture of a cellular communications network system to which the present invention may be applied according to an exemplary embodiment thereof.
  • As shown in FIG. 1, a GW (access gateway) 10 is present between a trusted WLAN access and a PGW 30 and/or a GGSN 90, and an ePDG 20 is present between an untrusted WLAN access and the PGW 30. The GW 10 and the PGW 30 or the GW 10 and the GGSN 90 are connected via a link 11, e.g. an interface S2 a or an interface Gn. The ePDG 20 and the PGW 30 are connected via a link 21, e.g. an interface S2 b.
  • The PGW 30 is connected to a PCRF 40 via a link 31, e.g. an interface Gx, to a charging gateway CG 50 via a link 32, e.g. an interface transmitting a CDR content, to an OCS 60 via a link 33, e.g. an interface Gy, to an LIG 70 via a link 34, e.g. an interface transmitting an IRI content and/or a CC content, and to an AAA server 80 via a link 35, e.g. an interface SGi or an interface S6 b.
  • The PCRF 40 is connected to an AF 45 via a link 41, e.g. an interface Rx. The AF 45 may comprise a P-CSCF in IMS layer, for example.
  • It is to be noted that the PGW 30 may be connected to further entities and the entities PCRF 40, CG 50, OCS 60, LIG 70 and AAA server 80 do not form a complete enumeration. Similarly, the cellular communications network system may comprise further entities in addition to those shown in FIG. 1.
  • According to an embodiment of the invention, a message according to a protocol of the cellular communications network system may be generated, and location information of a local area network, which provides wireless access for a user equipment to a core network of the cellular communications network system, e.g. a WLAN, may be included in the message. The message may be communicated over an interface according to the protocol of the cellular communications network system. The message may be a signaling message, and the signaling may comprise at least one of GTPv1, GTPv2, PMIPv6, Gx, Gy, SGi, S6 b, CDR IRI and CC, for example.
  • The location information may comprise at least one of SSID, WLAN access point name, WLAN access point identifier, WLAN access point MAC address, etc.
  • For example, the GW 10 generates a GTPv2 signaling message including location information of the WLAN providing trusted access, and transmits the GTPv2 signaling message to the PGW 30 via the interface S2 a. Similarly, the ePDG 20 may generate a GTPv2 signaling message including location information of the WLAN providing untrusted access, and transmit the GTPv2 signaling message to the PGW 30 via the interface S2 b.
  • The PGW 30 receives the GTPv2 signaling message including location information of the WLAN. The PGW 30 may forward the location information to the PCRF 40 via the interface Gx. That is, the PGW 30 may generate a Gx signaling message including the location information, and transmit the Gx signaling message to the PCRF 40. The PCRF 40 may forward the location information to the AF 45. That is, the PCRF 40 may generate an Rx signaling message including the location information, and transmit the Rx signaling message to the AF 45.
  • Similarly, the PGW 30 may include the location information into a CDR content, and transmit the CDR content to the CG 50.
  • Moreover, the PGW 30 may generate a Gy signaling message including the location information received from the GW 10 or the ePDG 20, and transmit the Gy signaling message to the OCS 60. Similarly, the PGW 30 may include the location information into an IRI content, and transmit the IRI content to the LIG 70.
  • Further, the PGW 30 may generate an SGi signaling message or an S6 b signaling message including the location information received from the GW 10 or the ePDG 20, and transmit the SGi signaling message or the S6 b signaling message to the AAA server 80.
  • The location information of the WLAN may be included in the signaling message or the respective content by introducing an information element to the signaling message/the content, which will be referred to in the following as WLAN location information. The WLAN location information may comprise fields for WLAN specific location information options and flags for each field to indicate whether or not the location information option is present.
  • Alternatively, fields for WLAN specific location information options may be added to existing information elements, e.g. ULI in case of GTPv2, and flags for each field may be added to the existing information elements to indicate whether or not the location information option is present in the existing information elements. In 3GPP, ULI has been standardized in GTPv2. Conventionally, ULI contains only cellular specific location information (such as CGI, SAI, RAI, TAI, ECGI, LAI). With the present enhancement of the ULI, backwards compatibility is ensured.
  • In CDR content, it is possible to add a new field for the location information of the WLAN or enhance the existing field (e.g. User Location Information). The same possibilities apply to IRI content.
  • In Radius/Diameter signalling, it is possible to introduce a new information element for the location information of the WLAN or enhance the existing information element (i.e. 3GPP-User-Location-Information).
  • The above-described location information options may comprise at least one of SSID, WLAN access point name, WLAN access point identifier, WLAN access point MAC address, etc.
  • The message containing the location information of the WLAN may be generated and transmitted by the GW 10/ePDG 20 to the PGW 30 in response to detecting a location change of the user equipment in the WLAN.
  • Alternatively or in addition, the message containing the location information of the WLAN may be generated and transmitted by the GW 10/ePDG 20 to the PGW 30 in response to receiving a request for a location report from the PGW 30.
  • Alternatively, the location information of the WLAN may be included into each signaling message (i.e. GTPv1/GTPv2 signaling) transmitted by the GW 10/ePDG 20 to the PGW 30.
  • Thus, location information of the WLAN can added to many GTPv1/GTPv2 signalling messages, e.g. create session request, delete session request and other relevant GTPv1/GTPv2 signalling messages.
  • The PCRF 40 and OCS 60 may generate an event trigger of requesting location information of the WLAN, and transmit a request for the location information to the PGW 30 based on the event trigger. For this purpose, an information element may be introduced for the event trigger. Alternatively, the event trigger of requesting the location information may be added to an event trigger information element.
  • Currently, on the interface Gx/Gy, there are event triggers which may be set by the PCRF 40/OCS 60 if the PCRF 40/OCS 60 wants to know about location information changes. For enabling the PCRF 40/OCS 60 to request information on a change of the location information of the WLAN (e.g. SSID change, WLAN access point name change, WLAN access point identifier, WLAN access point MAC address change, etc.), an event trigger information element may be added as described above, or an existing event trigger information element (e.g. Event-Trigger AVP) may be enhanced.
  • FIG. 2 shows a signaling diagram illustrating an example scenario of making available location information of a local area network (in the following referred to as WLAN), in a core network of a cellular communications network system, according to an exemplary embodiment of the invention.
  • In a process S1, a GW10 or ePDG 20, which is located between a WLAN access and a PGW 30 as shown in FIG. 1, transmits a message to the PGW 30 including location information of the WLAN. For example, the location information may be sent in a signaling to create a PDN connection in the PGW 30. As described above, the signaling message may be a GTPv1, GTPv2 or PMIPv6 signaling message. The location information may comprise at least one of SSID, WLAN access point name, WLAN access point identifier, WLAN access point MAC address, etc.
  • In a process S2, the PGW 30 signals with a PCRF 40 and/or OCS 60 as shown in FIG. 1, and sends the location information received in process S1 to the PCRF40/OCS 60. The signalling message may be a Gx/Gy signalling message.
  • In a process S3, the PCRF 40/OCS 60 detects a trigger event of location information of the WLAN and transmits a request for the location information in a process S4. For example, if the PCRF 40/OCS 60 wants to receive up-to-date location information when a user location changes, an event trigger is set in a response message to the PGW 30 to request up-to-date location information. The response message may be a Gx/Gy signalling message.
  • In a process S5 the PGW 30 informs the GW 10/ePDG 20 that it wants to receive up-to-date location information when responding to the GW 10/ePDG 20. This response message may be a GTPv1, GTPv2 or PMIPv6 signaling message.
  • In a process S6, the GW 10/ePDG 20 detects a location change of a user equipment in the WLAN. Thereupon, the GW 10/ePDG 20 generates a signaling message, includes location information of the WLAN into the signaling message, and transmits the signaling message to the PGW 30 (S7). As described above, the signaling message may be a GTPv1, GTPv2 or PMIPv6 signaling message. The location information may comprise at least one of SSID, WLAN access point name, WLAN access point identifier, WLAN access point MAC address, etc.
  • The PGW 30 receives the location information from the GW10/ePDG 20, generates a signalling message, includes the location information received from the GW10/ePDG 20 into the signalling message, and transmits the signalling message to the PCRF 40/OCS 60 (S8). The signalling message may be a Gx/Gy signalling message.
  • It is to be noted that FIG. 2 depicts a specific scenario of when the messages including the location information of the WLAN are transmitted. The message including the location information transmitted in S7 may also be transmitted whenever the location of the user equipment changes or in any signalling sent by the GW10/ePDG 20 as described above.
  • Moreover, the PGW 30 may forward the location information as shown in process S8 independently from the request for the location information from the PCRF 40/OCS 60.
  • Now reference is made to FIG. 3 for illustrating a simplified block diagram of various electronic devices that are suitable for use in practicing the exemplary embodiments of this invention.
  • A control unit 1020, which may be part of or used by the access gateway GW 10 or the ePDG 20 between the WLAN access and the PGW 30 shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, comprises processing resources 1021, memory resources 1022 and interfaces 1023 which are connected by a link 1024. The operations of the GW 10 and the operations of the ePDG 20 as described above may be carried out by the control unit 1020 using its processing resources 1021, memory resources 1022 and interfaces 1023.
  • A control unit 300, which may be part of or used by the PGW 30 shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 or the GGSN 90 shown in FIG. 1, comprises processing resources 301, memory resources 302 and interfaces 303 which are connected by a link 304. The operations of the PGW 30 as described above may be carried out by the control unit 300 using its processing resources 301, memory resources 302 and interfaces 303.
  • A control unit 4060, which may be part of or used by the PCRF 40 or the OCS 60 shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, or the CG 50, LIG 70 and AAA server 80 shown in FIG. 1, comprises processing resources 4061, memory resources 4062 and interfaces 4063 which are connected by a link 4064. The operations of the PCRF 40 or the operations of the OCS 60 as described above may be carried out by the control unit 4060 using its processing resources 4061, memory resources 4062 and interfaces 4063.
  • The control unit 1020 is connected to the control unit 300 through the interfaces 1023 via a link 1121, and the control unit 300 is connected to the control unit 4060 through the interface 4063 via a link 3133. The link 1121 may comprise an S2 a interface, an S2 b interface and a Gn interface, and the link 3133 may comprise a Gx interface, Gy interface, SGi interface, S6 b interface, an interface for transmitting an OCS, an interface for transmitting a CC content and an interface for transmitting an IRI content.
  • The terms “connected,” “coupled,” or any variant thereof, mean any connection or coupling, either direct or indirect, between two or more elements, and may encompass the presence of one or more intermediate elements between two elements that are “connected” or “coupled” together. The coupling or connection between the elements can be physical, logical, or a combination thereof. As employed herein two elements may be considered to be “connected” or “coupled” together by the use of one or more wires, cables and printed electrical connections, as well as by the use of electromagnetic energy, such as electromagnetic energy having wavelengths in the radio frequency region, the microwave region and the optical (both visible and invisible) region, as non-limiting examples.
  • The memory resources 1022, 302, 4062 each may store a program.
  • At least one of the programs stored in the memory resources 1022, 302, 4062 is assumed to include program instructions that, when executed by the associated processing resources, enable the electronic device to operate in accordance with the exemplary embodiments of this invention, as detailed above.
  • In general, the exemplary embodiments of this invention may be implemented by computer software stored in the memory resources 1022, 302, 4062 and executable by the respective processing resources 1021, 301, 4061, or by hardware, or by a combination of software and/or firmware and hardware in any or all of the devices shown.
  • The memory resources 1022, 302, 4062 may be of any type suitable to the local technical environment and may be implemented using any suitable data storage technology, such as semiconductor-based memory devices, magnetic memory devices and systems, optical memory devices and systems, fixed memory and removable memory. The processing resources 1021, 301, 4061 may be of any type suitable to the local technical environment, and may include one or more of general purpose computers, special purpose computers, microprocessors, digital signal processors (DSPs) and processors based on a multi-core processor architecture, as non-limiting examples.
  • According to an aspect of the invention, an apparatus comprises means for generating a message according to a protocol of a cellular communications network system, means for including location information of a local area network, which provides wireless access for a user equipment to a core network of the cellular communications network system, in the message, and means for communicating the message over an interface according to the protocol of the cellular communications network system.
  • The apparatus may further comprise means for receiving the location information of the local area network.
  • The means for including the location information of the local area network in the message may comprise means for introducing an information element to the message, the information element comprising fields for location information options of the local area network and flags for each field to indicate whether or not the location information option is present.
  • Alternatively, the means for including the location information of the local area network in the message may comprise means for adding fields for location information options of the local area network to user location information in the message, and flags for each field to the user location information to indicate whether or not the location information option is present in the user location information.
  • The apparatus may comprise any one of the control units 1020, 300 and 4060, and the above means may be implemented by the respective processing resources, memory resources and interfaces of the control units.
  • The apparatus may further comprise means for detecting a location change of the user equipment in the wireless access via the local area network, and means for, in response to the location change, generating the message containing the location information of the local area network and transmitting the message. The apparatus may comprise the control unit 1020, and the above means may be implemented by the processing resources 1021, memory resources 1022 and interfaces 1023 of the control unit 1020.
  • The apparatus may further comprise means for receiving a request for a location report, and means for, in response to the request, generating the message containing the location information of the local area network and transmitting the message. The apparatus may comprise the control unit 1020 and 300, and the above means may be implemented by the respective processing resources, memory resources and interfaces of the control units 1020 and 300.
  • The message may be a signaling message, and the apparatus may further comprise means for including the location information of the local area network into each signaling message to be transmitted. The apparatus may comprise any one of the control units 1020, 300 and 4060, and the above means may be implemented by the respective processing resources, memory resources and interfaces of the control units.
  • The apparatus may further comprise means for generating an event trigger of requesting location information of the local area network, and means for transmitting a request for the location information over an interface of the cellular communications network system, based on the event trigger. The apparatus may further comprise means for introducing an information element for the event trigger of requesting the location information. Alternatively, the apparatus may further comprise means for adding the event trigger of requesting the location information to an event trigger information element. The apparatus may comprise the control unit 4060, and the above means may be implemented by the processing resources 4061, memory resources 4062 and interfaces 4063 of the control unit 4060.
  • According to an aspect of the invention, an apparatus comprises means for generating an event trigger of requesting location information of a local area network which provides wireless access for a user equipment to a core network of a cellular communications network system, and means for transmitting a request for the location information over an interface of the cellular communications network system, based on the event trigger.
  • The apparatus may further comprise means for introducing an information element for the event trigger of requesting the location information.
  • Alternatively, the apparatus may further comprise means for adding the event trigger of requesting the location information to an event trigger information element.
  • The apparatus may comprise the control unit 4060, and the above means may be implemented by the processing resources 4061, memory resources 4062 and interfaces 4063 of the control unit 4060.
  • The above described location information and location information options may comprise at least one of the following group: service set identifier, access point name of the local area network, access point identifier of the local area network, and an access point medium access control address of the local area network.
  • The above described protocol of the cellular communications network system may comprise a general packet radio service tunneling protocol and/or proxy mobile internet protocol.
  • The above described interface may comprises at least one of the following group: an S2 a interface, an S2 b interface, a Gn interface, a Gx interface, a Gy interface, an Rx interface, an interface transmitting a CDR content, an interface transmitting an IRI content, an interface transmitting a CC content, an SGi interface and an S6 b interface.
  • It is to be understood that the above description is illustrative of the invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention. Various modifications and applications may occur to those skilled in the art without departing from the true spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Claims (28)

    The invention claimed is:
  1. 1. A method comprising:
    generating a message according to a protocol of a cellular communications network system;
    including location information of a local area network, which provides wireless access for a user equipment to a core network of the cellular communications network system, in the message; and
    communicating the message over an interface according to the protocol of the cellular communications network system.
  2. 2. The method of claim 1, comprising:
    receiving the location information of the local area network.
  3. 3. The method of claim 1, the including of the location information of the local area network comprising:
    introducing an information element to the message, the information element comprising fields for location information options of the local area network and flags for each field to indicate whether or not the location information option is present.
  4. 4. The method of claim 1, the including of the location information of the local area network comprising:
    adding fields for location information options of the local area network to user location information in the message, and flags for each field to the user location information to indicate whether or not the location information option is present in the user location information.
  5. 5. The method of claim 1, comprising:
    detecting a location change of the user equipment in the wireless access via the local area network; and
    in response to the location change, generating the message containing the location information of the local area network and transmitting the message.
  6. 6. The method of claim 1, comprising:
    receiving a request for a location report; and
    in response to the request, generating the message containing the location information of the local area network and transmitting the message.
  7. 7. The method of claim 1, wherein the message is a signaling message, the method comprising:
    including the location information of the local area network into each signaling message to be transmitted.
  8. 8. The method of claim 1, comprising:
    generating an event trigger of requesting location information of the local area network; and
    transmitting a request for the location information over an interface of the cellular communications network system, based on the event trigger.
  9. 9. A method comprising:
    generating an event trigger of requesting location information of a local area network which provides wireless access for a user equipment to a core network of a cellular communications network system; and
    transmitting a request for the location information over an interface of the cellular communications network system, based on the event trigger.
  10. 10. The method of claim 8, comprising:
    introducing an information element for the event trigger of requesting the location information.
  11. 11. The method of claim 8, comprising:
    adding the event trigger of requesting the location information to an event trigger information element.
  12. 12. The method of claim 1, wherein the location information and location information options comprise at least one of the following group: service set identifier, access point name of the local area network, access point identifier of the local area network, and an access point medium access control address of the local area network.
  13. 13. The method of claim 1, wherein the protocol of the cellular communications network system comprises a general packet radio service tunneling protocol and/or proxy mobile internet protocol.
  14. 14. The method of claim 1, wherein the interface comprises at least one of the following group: an S2 a interface, an S2 b interface, a Gn interface, a Gx interface, a Gy interface, an Rx interface, an interface transmitting a CDR content, an interface transmitting an IRI content, an interface transmitting a CC content, an SGi interface and an S6 b interface.
  15. 15. A computer program product including a program for a processing device, comprising software code portions for performing the steps of claim 1 when the program is run on the processing device.
  16. 16. The computer program product according to claim 15, wherein the computer program product comprises a computer-readable medium on which the software code portions are stored.
  17. 17. The computer program product according to claim 15, wherein the program is directly loadable into an internal memory of the processing device.
  18. 18. An apparatus configured to:
    generate a message according to a protocol of a cellular communications network system;
    include location information of a local area network, which provides wireless access for a user equipment to a core network of the cellular communications network system, in the message; and
    communicate the message over an interface according to the protocol of the cellular communications network system.
  19. 19. The apparatus of claim 18, configured to:
    receive the location information of the local area network.
  20. 20. The apparatus of claim 18, wherein the apparatus, to include the location information of the local area network in the message, is configured to:
    introduce an information element to the message, the information element comprising fields for location information options of the local area network and flags for each field to indicate whether or not the location information option is present.
  21. 21. The apparatus of claim 18, wherein the apparatus, to include the location information of the local area network in the message, is configured to:
    add fields for location information options of the local area network to user location information in the message, and flags for each field to the user location information to indicate whether or not the location information option is present in the user location information.
  22. 22. The apparatus of claim 18, configured to:
    detect a location change of the user equipment in the wireless access via the local area network; and
    in response to the detection of the location change, generate the message containing the location information of the local area network and transmit the message.
  23. 23. The apparatus of claim 18, configured to:
    receive a request for a location report; and
    in response to the receipt of the request, generate the message containing the location information of the local area network and transmit the message.
  24. 24. The apparatus of claim 18, wherein the message is a signaling message, the apparatus configured to:
    include the location information of the local area network into each signaling message to be transmitted.
  25. 25. The apparatus of claim 18, configured to:
    generate an event trigger of requesting location information of the local area network; and
    transmit a request for the location information over an interface of the cellular communications network system, based on the event trigger.
  26. 26. An apparatus, configured to:
    generate an event trigger of requesting location information of a local area network which provides wireless access for a user equipment to a core network of a cellular communications network system; and
    transmit a request for the location information over an interface of the cellular communications network system, based on the event trigger.
  27. 27. The apparatus of claim 25, configured to:
    introduce an information element for the event trigger of requesting the location information.
  28. 28. The apparatus of claim 25, configured to:
    add the event trigger of requesting the location information to an event trigger information element.
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