US20150174281A1 - Hot melt adhesive - Google Patents

Hot melt adhesive Download PDF

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Publication number
US20150174281A1
US20150174281A1 US14/302,736 US201414302736A US2015174281A1 US 20150174281 A1 US20150174281 A1 US 20150174281A1 US 201414302736 A US201414302736 A US 201414302736A US 2015174281 A1 US2015174281 A1 US 2015174281A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
absorbent article
polymer
layer
nonwoven
amorphous
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US14/302,736
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William L. Bunnelle
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IFS INDUSTRIES Inc
Procter and Gamble Co
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IFS INDUSTRIES Inc
Procter and Gamble Co
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Family has litigation
Priority to US201361918434P priority Critical
Application filed by IFS INDUSTRIES Inc, Procter and Gamble Co filed Critical IFS INDUSTRIES Inc
Priority to US14/302,736 priority patent/US20150174281A1/en
Assigned to THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY reassignment THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: IFS INDUSTRIES, INC.
Assigned to IFS INDUSTRIES, INC. reassignment IFS INDUSTRIES, INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: BUNNELLE, WILLIAM L.
Publication of US20150174281A1 publication Critical patent/US20150174281A1/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=52350343&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=US20150174281(A1) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/15203Properties of the article, e.g. stiffness or absorbency
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/15577Apparatus or processes for manufacturing
    • A61F13/15699Forming webs by bringing together several webs, e.g. by laminating or folding several webs, with or without additional treatment of the webs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • A61L15/22Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons containing macromolecular materials
    • A61L15/24Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds; Derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • A61L15/42Use of materials characterised by their function or physical properties
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • A61L15/42Use of materials characterised by their function or physical properties
    • A61L15/58Adhesives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • A61L15/42Use of materials characterised by their function or physical properties
    • A61L15/58Adhesives
    • A61L15/585Mixtures of macromolecular compounds
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B23/00Layered products comprising a layer of cellulosic plastic substances, i.e. substances obtained by chemical modification of cellulose, e.g. cellulose ethers, cellulose esters, viscose
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B7/00Layered products characterised by the relation between layers; Layered products characterised by the relative orientation of features between layers, or by the relative values of a measurable parameter between layers, i.e. products comprising layers having different physical, chemical or physicochemical properties; Layered products characterised by the interconnection of layers
    • B32B7/04Interconnection of layers
    • B32B7/12Interconnection of layers using interposed adhesives or interposed materials with bonding properties
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L23/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L23/02Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers not modified by chemical after-treatment
    • C08L23/18Homopolymers or copolymers of hydrocarbons having four or more carbon atoms
    • C08L23/20Homopolymers or copolymers of hydrocarbons having four or more carbon atoms having four to nine carbon atoms
    • C08L23/22Copolymers of isobutene; Butyl rubber ; Homo- or copolymers of other iso-olefins
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09JADHESIVES; NON-MECHANICAL ASPECTS OF ADHESIVE PROCESSES IN GENERAL; ADHESIVE PROCESSES NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; USE OF MATERIAL AS ADHESIVES
    • C09J123/00Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
    • C09J123/02Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers not modified by chemical after-treatment
    • C09J123/18Homopolymers or copolymers of hydrocarbons having four or more carbon atoms
    • C09J123/20Homopolymers or copolymers of hydrocarbons having four or more carbon atoms having four to nine carbon atoms
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09JADHESIVES; NON-MECHANICAL ASPECTS OF ADHESIVE PROCESSES IN GENERAL; ADHESIVE PROCESSES NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; USE OF MATERIAL AS ADHESIVES
    • C09J123/00Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
    • C09J123/02Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers not modified by chemical after-treatment
    • C09J123/18Homopolymers or copolymers of hydrocarbons having four or more carbon atoms
    • C09J123/20Homopolymers or copolymers of hydrocarbons having four or more carbon atoms having four to nine carbon atoms
    • C09J123/22Copolymers of isobutene; Butyl rubber Homo- or copolymers of other iso-olefines
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09JADHESIVES; NON-MECHANICAL ASPECTS OF ADHESIVE PROCESSES IN GENERAL; ADHESIVE PROCESSES NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; USE OF MATERIAL AS ADHESIVES
    • C09J5/00Adhesive processes in general; Adhesive processes not provided for elsewhere, e.g. relating to primers
    • C09J5/06Adhesive processes in general; Adhesive processes not provided for elsewhere, e.g. relating to primers involving heating of the applied adhesive
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/15203Properties of the article, e.g. stiffness or absorbency
    • A61F2013/15284Properties of the article, e.g. stiffness or absorbency characterized by quantifiable properties
    • A61F2013/15569Adhesivity
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2300/00Biologically active materials used in bandages, wound dressings, absorbent pads or medical devices
    • A61L2300/80Biologically active materials used in bandages, wound dressings, absorbent pads or medical devices characterised by a special chemical form
    • A61L2300/802Additives, excipients, e.g. cyclodextrins, fatty acids, surfactants
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2250/00Layers arrangement
    • B32B2250/022 layers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2555/00Personal care
    • B32B2555/02Diapers or napkins
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2205/00Polymer mixtures characterised by other features
    • C08L2205/02Polymer mixtures characterised by other features containing two or more polymers of the same C08L -group
    • C08L2205/025Polymer mixtures characterised by other features containing two or more polymers of the same C08L -group containing two or more polymers of the same hierarchy C08L, and differing only in parameters such as density, comonomer content, molecular weight, structure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2207/00Properties characterising the ingredient of the composition
    • C08L2207/32Properties characterising the ingredient of the composition containing low molecular weight liquid component
    • C08L2207/324Liquid component is low molecular weight polymer
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09JADHESIVES; NON-MECHANICAL ASPECTS OF ADHESIVE PROCESSES IN GENERAL; ADHESIVE PROCESSES NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; USE OF MATERIAL AS ADHESIVES
    • C09J2301/00Additional features of adhesives in the form of films or foils
    • C09J2301/30Additional features of adhesives in the form of films or foils characterized by the chemical, physicochemical or physical properties of the adhesive or the carrier
    • C09J2301/304Additional features of adhesives in the form of films or foils characterized by the chemical, physicochemical or physical properties of the adhesive or the carrier the adhesive being heat-activatable, i.e. not tacky at temperatures inferior to 30°C
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/31504Composite [nonstructural laminate]
    • Y10T428/31855Of addition polymer from unsaturated monomers
    • Y10T428/3188Next to cellulosic
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/31504Composite [nonstructural laminate]
    • Y10T428/31855Of addition polymer from unsaturated monomers
    • Y10T428/31938Polymer of monoethylenically unsaturated hydrocarbon

Abstract

A hot melt adhesive material and articles made using the hot melt adhesive to assemble structures in an article. The adhesive material typically is manufactured by blending amorphous polymer with a compatible amorphous polymer.

Description

    CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION
  • This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 61/918,434, filed on Dec. 12, 2013, which is hereby incorporated by reference.
  • Disclosed is a general purpose hot melt adhesive material that can be applied to substrates such as cellulosic materials, film, fiber or nonwovens in the construction of articles. The adhesive composition is manufactured to obtain melt viscosity, cohesion and adhesion sufficient to assemble an article and obtain a mechanically stable product. The adhesive typically comprises a blend of polymer materials combined at proportions that obtain the desired and useful construction properties useful in the manufacture of articles. One embodiment is the hot melt adhesive. A second embodiment is an article manufactured using the construction properties and aspects of the hot melt adhesive.
  • Common hot melt adhesives are made by combining polymer and additive in a substantially uniform thermoplastic blend. Improved materials are needed for use in improved application equipment and in current and updated article constructions. A substantial need exists in providing new formulation combinations of materials and blending techniques that obtain improved adhesives.
  • The adhesive composition comprises a first amorphous α-olefin copolymer and a second polymer. The amorphous polymer comprises an amorphous or random polymer comprising butane and one or more an alpha olefin monomer such as ethylene, propene, pentene, octene etc. The second polymer comprises an amorphous material that can act as a diluents, viscosity modifier, extender or plasticizer.
  • As used herein “homopolymer” means a polymer resulting from the polymerization of a single monomer, i.e., a polymer consisting essentially of a single type of repeating unit.
  • As used herein, the term “copolymer(s)” refers to polymer(s) formed by the polymerization of at least two different monomers. For example, the term “copolymer” includes the copolymerization reaction product of a monomer such as propene or butane, preferably 1-butene and an α-olefin, such as for example, ethylene, 1-hexene or 1-octene.
  • As used herein, the term “propene copolymer” or “propylene copolymer” means a copolymer of greater than 40 or 50 wt. % or more propene and at least one monomer selected from the group including ethylene and a C4 to C20 α-olefin.
  • As used herein, the term “butane copolymer” means a polymer or n-butene (1-butene) or 2-butene and at least one monomer selected from the group C2-3 and C5-20 alpha olefins. Butene copolymers typically comprise a minimum amount at least about 40 or about 50 wt. % or more of a butane monomer such as 1-butene.
  • The term “amorphous” means the substantial absence of crystallinity, (i.e.) less than 5% and less than 1%. The term “heterophase” polymer means a polymer having an amorphous character and at least some substantial crystalline content (at least 5 wt. %, 10 wt. %, 20 wt. %, 40 wt. % or 50 wt. % crystalline content) that can provide cohesive strength in the cooled adhesive mass. The crystalline content can be in the form of stereoregular blocks or sequences.
  • The term “sequence or block” means a polymer portion of repeating monomer that is similar in composition, crystallinity or other aspect.
  • As used herein, the term “open time” means the amount of time elapsed between application of a molten hot melt adhesive composition to a first substrate, and the time when useful tackiness or wetting out of the adhesive on a substrate effectively ceases due to solidification of the adhesive composition. Open time is also referred to as “working time.”
  • As used herein, the term “substrate” means any item having at least a partially or fully solidified fiber, film or planar surface with which contact with a hot melt adhesive composition is intended. In some cases the same area, circle, bead, line filament or dot of hot melt adhesive composition is contacted with two or more substrates for the purpose of creating an adhesive bond there between. In some such cases the substrates are part of the same item: for example, folded film or folded non-woven, two sides of a cardboard sheet folded over, wherein the two sides are adhesively bonded together. In other such cases the substrates are part of different items: for example, a plastic film that is adhesively bonded to a second film, a non-woven or cardboard sheet. The substrates can be impermeable, permeable, porous or nonporous.
  • As used herein, the term “substantially” means generally the same or uniform but allowing for or having minor fluctuations from a defined property, definition, etc. For example, small measurable or immeasurable fluctuations in a measured property described herein, such as viscosity, melting point, etc. may result from human error or methodology precision. Other fluctuations are caused by inherent variations in the manufacturing process, thermal history of a formulation, and the like. The adhesive compositions of the nonetheless, would be said to be substantially having the property as reported.
  • As used herein, the term “major proportion” means that a material or monomer is used at greater than 50 wt. %. As used herein, the term “primary component” means that a material or monomer is the more common substance or has the higher concentration in the mixture or polymer compared to others but may not be as much as 50 wt. %.
  • The transitional phrase “consisting essentially of” limits the scope of a claim to the specified materials but includes those that do not materially affect the basic and novel characteristics of the claimed materials. These characteristics include open time, cohesive strength (tensile strength), peel strength and viscosity. Meaningful amounts of a third polymer or amounts of a tackifier materially affect the basic and novel characteristics of the claimed materials.
  • The adhesive material comprises a first polymer comprising a polyolefin copolymer comprising a substantially amorphous or randomly polymerized polymer material comprising 1-butene and a second amorphous polymer comprising a compatible amorphous liquid butane polymer such as a polyisobutylene polymer or similar material. The polyisobutylene polymer comprising a substantial proportion (greater than 50 mole % and often greater than 90 mole %) of an isobutylene monomer.
  • The first amorphous polymer comprises typically butane (e.g.) 1-butene and can be a copolymer or terpolymer that can contain ethylene, propene or a second C4-40 olefin polymer. These substantially amorphous low crystallinity polymers have less than 10% and preferably less than 5% crystalline character.
  • The amorphous polymer is a butane-based copolymer (the minimum amount is at least about 30 or 40 of 40 or 60 wt. % of 1-butene), which may also be referred to as a random butane-α-olefin copolymer. The butane copolymer includes one or more units, i.e., monomer units, derived from propene, one or more comonomer units derived from ethylene or α-olefins including from 4 to about 30 carbon atoms.
  • The first copolymer comprises about 30 mole %-about 75 mole %, preferably about 40 mole % to about 70 mole %, about 50 mole %-about 65 mole %, of units derived from butane. In addition to butene-derived units, the present copolymer contains from about 70 mole %-about 30 mole % to about 60 mole %-about 40 mole %, of units derived from preferably ethylene, propene or at least one C5 to 10 alpha-olefin monomer.
  • In one or more embodiments, the α-olefin comonomer units can also be derived from other monomers such as ethylene, 1-butene, 1-hexane, 4-methyl-1-pentene and/or 1-octene.
  • Exemplary alpha-olefins are selected from the group consisting of ethylene, butane-1, pentene-1,2-methylpentene-1,3methylbutene-1, hexane-1,3-methylhexene-1,4-methylpentene-1,3,3-dimethylbutene-1, heptene-1, hexene-1, methylhexene-1, dimethylpentene-1, trimethylbutene-1, ethylpentene-1, octene-1, methylpentene-1, dimethylhexene-1, trimethylpentene-1, ethylhexehe-1, methylethylpentene-1, diethylbutene-1, proplypentane-1, decene-1, methylnonene-1, nonene-1, dimethyloctene-1, trimethylheptene-1, ethyloctene-1, methylethylbutene-1, diethylhexene-1, dodecene-1, and hexadodecene-1.
  • In one of more embodiments, amorphous copolymer comprises about 30 mole %-about 73 mole %, preferably about 50 mole % to about 00 mole % or units derived from butane and from about 70 mole %-about 30 mole % to about 60 mole %-about 40 mole %, about 50 mole %-about 65 mole %, or units derived from at least one alpha-olefin monomer selected from ethylene, propene, 1-hexene or 1-octene. Small amounts of α-olefin monomer(s) can be used in the range of about 0.1 to 20 mole %. The amorphous polymer has a weight average molecular weight (Mw) of about 1,000 to about 25,000 or less, preferably about 2,000 to 20,000.
  • In one or more embodiments, first copolymer comprises about 30 mole %-about 70 mole %, preferably about 40 mole % to about 60 mole % of units derived from butane and from about 70 mole %-about 30 mole % to about 60 mole %-about 40 mole %, of units derived from propene, while small amount of α-olefin monomer(s) can be used in the range of about 0.1 to 20 mole %.
  • The amorphous polymer has a weight average molecular weight (Mw) of about 1,000 to about 50,000 or less, preferably about 5,000 to 45,000.
  • The amorphous copolymer has a viscosity of less than 10,000 mPa·s (1 centipoise [cps]=1 mPa·s), for example about 2000 to 8000 mPa·s, when measured by ASTM C3236 at 190° C. Melt Viscosity was determined according to ASTM D-3236, which is also referred to herein as “viscosity” and/or “Brookfield viscosity”.
  • Some examples of amorphous polyolefin include the Rextac polymers made by Huntsman including Rextac E-62, E-65. See, for example Sustic, U.S. Pat. No. 5,723,546 for a description of the polymers and which is expressly incorporated herein. Other useful amorphous polymers are sold as Vestoplast® and Eastoflex® materials.
  • The adhesive material comprises a second polymer that is compatible with the 1-butene component in the first copolymer. Such compatibility arises from a liquid amorphous material comprising at least one butene monomer (1-butene, cis and trans-2-butene, and isobutylene) isomer. Unlike conventional plasticizing oils such as white oils having a conventional hydrocarbon character, useful materials are sufficiently compatible and as a result improve add-on processability characteristics, reduce viscosity, maintain adhesive bond while improving cohesive properties. The term “compatible or compatibility” of a blend of polymers, as the term is used in this disclosure, means that (1) the materials blend into a uniform hot melt and (2) the cohesive strength of a mixture (70/30 to 50/50) by weight of the amorphous 1-butene polymer and the second amorphous polymer is maintained for construction purposes. Preferred materials comprise a compatible extender, diluents, and viscosity modifier such as a polyisobutylene polymer. The polymer can comprise major proportion of isobutylene units or can be represented as:

  • [—C(CH3)2—CH2—]n;
  • wherein n=15 to 75. Preferred materials such as a Polyisobutylene are viscous liquids with molecular weight of about 200-20,000 m, about 200-5,000 or about 500-3,000. The preferred liquid materials have a Saybolt Universal seconds (SUS) viscosity at 100° C. of about 100 to 20,000. The characteristic features of polyisobutylene are low gas permeability and high resistance to the action of acids, alkalis, and solutions of salts, as well as high dielectric indexes. They degrade gradually under the action of sunlight and ultraviolet rays (the addition of carbon black slows this process). In industry, polyisobutylene is produced by ionic (AlCl3 catalyzed) polymerization of the monomer at temperatures from −80° to −100° C.; they are processed using the ordinary equipment of the rubber industry. Polyisobutylene combines easily with natural or synthetic rubbers, polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, and phenol-formaldehyde resins.
  • In some embodiments, the plasticizers include polypropylene, polybutene, hydrogenated polyisoprene, hydrogenated polybutadiene, polypiperylene, copolymers of piperylene and isoprene, and the like, having average molecular weights between about 350 and about 10,000. In other embodiments, the plasticizers include glyceryl esters of the usual fatty acids.
  • As noted above, embodiments or preferred compositions are made substantially free of an effective amount of a conventional tackifier material that can add any aspect of open time, substrate wetting or tack to the adhesive material. Avoiding the use of a tackifier reduces costs and frees formulators from the use of materials in short supply. Further tackifier can impart undesirable odor in disposable articles and can also act as carries of low molecular weight plasticizers (like process oils that are used in SBC based adhesives) that can weaken the polyethylene back sheet materials used in baby diapers. Back sheet integrity is becoming more important due to the downsizing of the polyethylene film thickness used in these articles. By the term “conventional tackifier resins”, those resins commonly available in the adhesive art and industry that are used in typical hot melt adhesives. Examples of conventional tackifing resins included in this range include an aliphatic hydrocarbon resins, aromatic modified aliphatic hydrocarbon resins, hydrogenated poly-cyclopentadiene resins, poly-cyclopentadiene resins, gum rosins, gun rosin esters, wood rosins, wood rosin esters, tall oil rosines, tall oil rosin esters, poly-terpene, aromatic modified poly-terpene, terpene-phenolic, aromatic modified hydrogenated poly-cyclopentadiene resins, hydrogenated aliphatic resins, hydrogenated aliphatic aromatic resins, hydrogenated terpene and modified terpene and hydrogenated rosin esters. Often in conventional formulations such resins are used in amounts that range from about 5 to about 65 wt. % often about 20 to 30 wt. %.
  • In further embodiments, the compositions disclosed herein optionally can comprise an antioxidant or a stabilizer. Any antioxidant known to a person of ordinary skill in the art may be used in the adhesion composition disclosed herein. Non-limiting examples of suitable antioxidants include amine-based antioxidants such as alkyl diphenyl amines, phenyl-naphthylamine, alkyl or aralkyl substituted phenyl-naphthylamine, alkylated p-phenylene diamines, tetramethyl-diaminodiphenylamine and the like; and hindered phenol compounds such as 2,6-di-t-butyl-r-methylphenol; 1,2,5-trimethyl-2,4,5-tris(3′,5′-di-t-butyl-4′-hydroxybenzyl)benzene; tetrakis[(methylene (3,5-di-5-butyl-4-hydroxyhydrocinnamate)]methane (e.g., IRGANOX™ 010, from Ciba Geigy, New York); octadecyl-3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxycinnamate (e.g, IRGANOX™ 1076, commercially available from Ciba Geigy) and combinations thereof. Where used, the amount of the antioxidant in the composition can be from about greater than 0 to about 1 wt. %, from about 0.05 to about 0.75 wt. %, or from about 0.1 to about 0.5 wt. % of the total weight of the composition.
  • In further embodiments, the compositions disclosed herein optionally can comprise a brightener, colorant or pigment. Any colorant or pigment known to a person or ordinary skill in the art may be used in the adhesion composition disclosed herein. Non-limiting examples of suitable brighteners, colorants or pigments include fluorescent materials and pigments such as triazine-stilbene, coumarin, imidazole, diazole, titanium dioxide and carbon black, phthalocyanine pigments, and other organize pigments such as IRGAZINB, CROMOPHTALB, MONASTRALB, CINQUASIAB, IRGALITEB, ORASOLB, all of which are available from Ciba Specialty Chemicals, Tarrytown, N.Y. Where used, the amount of the brightener, colorant or pigment in the composition can be from about greater than 0 to about 10 wt. %, from about 0.01 to about 5 wt. %, or from about 0.1 to about 2 wt. % of the total weight of the composition.
  • The compositions disclosed herein may also optionally comprise a fragrance such as a perfume or other odorant. Such fragrances may be retained by a liner or contained in release agents such as microcapsules that may, for example, release fragrance upon removal of a release liner from or compression on the composition.
  • In further embodiments, the compositions disclosed herein optionally can comprise filler. Any filler known to a person of ordinary skill in the art may be used in the adhesion composition disclosed herein. Non-limiting examples of suitable fillers include sand, talc, dolomite, calcium carbonate, clay, silica, mica, wollastonite, feldspar, aluminum silicate, alumina, hydrated alumina, glass bead, glass microsphere, ceramic microsphere, thermoplastic microsphere, barite, wood flour, and combinations thereof. Where used, the amount of the filler in the composition can be from about greater than 0 to about 60 wt. %, from about 1 to about 50 wt. %, or from about 5 to about 40 wt. %.
  • TABLE 1 Exemplary Tackifier free Adhesive Compositions Component Embodiment Wt. % Wt. % Wt. % Amorphous REXTAC E63 90-10  30-85  75-40  polymer or E65 or blends (Sustic technology) Second Polyiso- 0-50 5-45 5-40 Amorphous butylene Polymer Additive Extender/ 0-30 0.1-20 0.1-10 diluents Additive Brightener 0.001-0.3   0.001-0.1   0.001-0.05  Additive Antioxidant/ 0-20 1-20 1-15 stabilizer
  • The hold melt adhesive compositions have melt rheology and thermal stability suitable for use with conventional hot melt adhesive application equipment. The blended components of the hot melt adhesive compositions have low melt viscosity at the application temperature, thereby facilitating flow of the compositions through a costing apparatus, e.g., coating die or nozzle, without resorting to the inclusion of solvents or extender oil into the composition. Melt viscosities of the hot melt adhesive compositions are between 1500 cP and 3500 cP or about 2000 cP to 3000 cP in mille Pascal-seconds or centipoise (cP0 using a Brookfield thermosel RVT viscometer using rotor number 27 at 176.66° C. (50 rpm, 350° F.). The hot melt adhesive compositions have a softening point (ASTM D 3461-97 Standard Test Method for Mettler Softening Point Methods) of about 80° C. to 140° C., in some embodiments about 115° C. to 130° C. Typical but non-limiting industrial applications or the hot melt adhesive compositions include sanitary disposable consumer articles, made of non-woven materials, films, micro-porous films etc. for example, diapers, feminine care pads, napkins, hospital surgical drapes and pads etc. that benefit from both the low temperature flexibility, heat resistance and the efficiency of end use in automated means of applying the hot melt adhesive compositions to various substrates.
  • Articles include items having any two or more substrates adhesively bonded by a hot melt adhesive composition. The substrates that are adhesively bonded in such articles are formed from materials such as cardboard, paper, thermoplastics such as polyesters such as polyethylene terephthalate, polyamides such as nylons, or polypropylene, thermoset polymers, and combinations, blends, or layered composites thereof and include, in some embodiments, coatings of wax, acrylate polymers, or other materials; colorants, preservatives, stabilizers, processing lubricants, and the like as well as combinations of any of these materials. The substrates include solid, nonporous items and sheets as well as porous items and sheets, such as nonwoven fabrics, paper, cotton batting, stretchable and breathable polypropylene and polyethylene and copolymers and the like.
  • Another aspect are methods of manufacture employing the hot melt adhesive compositions. The method involves application of the molten compositions to a substrate, followed by contact of the adhesive composition with a second substrate within 0.1 second to 5 seconds after application of the adhesive composition to the first substrate, wherein the contacting results in an adhesive bond between the substrates.
  • Yet another aspect is an article of manufacture including the hot melt adhesive compositions, wherein the article includes at least two substrates adhesively bonded by an amount of a hot melt adhesive composition. Typical articles of manufacture include sanitary disposable consumer articles, for examples, diapers, feminine care pads, napkins, and the like articles such as those formed from a combination of low energy and higher energy materials, for example a pulp or cardboard having a polyethylene wrap and/or a polypropylene label, or a non-woven having a protective plastic top. In general, articles that are advantageously bonded using the hot melt adhesive compositions benefit from both the low temperature flexibility, heat resistance and the efficiency of end use in automated means of applying the adhesive compositions to substrates.
  • Hot melt adhesive compositions were formulated by melt blending as described below, wherein specific components and amounts of the components are shown below. In the articles manufactured using the adhesives, the articles can be manufactured by forming an adhesive bond between a polymer film and a fiber or fiber mass. The article can also comprise an adhesive bond formed between a polymer film and a nonwoven fabric. Additionally the article can be manufactured by forming an adhesive bond between a multi layer structure comprising the exterior layer of a polymer film and interior components comprising a fiber map or a nonwoven fabric.
  • The adhesive materials can be used as a construction adhesive in assembly of commonly available consumer disposal articles. Such articles include infant diapers, adult diapers, bed pads, sanitary products, and other absorbent articles. Combining at least a polymer film with other films and fibrous materials typically makes these articles. Fibrous materials can include fabrics such as woven or nonwoven fabrics, fibers in the form of fiber mats, fiber collections, fiber balls, etc.
  • Such absorbent articles typically comprise an absorbent held within the article. The absorbent is usually covered using a nonwoven inner liner. Such liners comprise a highly permeable material such as a spun bonded nonwoven structure that passes fluids or moisture from the interior of the article into the absorbent layer. The absorbent layer or structure formed within the absorbent article typically comprises a fiber mass pad or cellulosic or wood pulp for the purpose of substantially absorbing liquid or fluid materials released into the absorbent article. The fiber or fluff can comprise a cellulosic fiber, a synthetic fiber or mixtures thereof such as blends of wood fiber, cellulosic fiber, polyethylene fiber, polypropene fiber or other fiber materials often including a super absorbent material. Super or highly absorbent materials are used to increase the absorptive capacity of the absorbent article. Such materials are organic materials including modified natural gums and resins but often include synthetic polymer materials such as hydrogels. Carboxy-methyl Cellulose, alkaline metal salts of acrylic polymers, polyacrylamides, polyvinyl alcohol, polyethylene anhydrive polymers and copolymers, polyvinyl ether polymers and copolymers, hydroxyalkyl cellulose polymers and copolymers, polyvinyl sulfonic acid polymers and copolymers, polyacrylic polymers, polyvinyl-pyrrolidone polymers and copolymers can be used in the absorbent function.
  • Nonwoven fabric layers used in such disposal articles typically are generally planar structures comprising a bonded assembly or natural or synthetic fiber.
  • Such nonwoven materials are often made using a variety of techniques, including spun bonding, melt bonding, etc. Such nonwoven materials are often manufactured by randomly placing fibers or rovings in a substantially random pattern and are then thermally bonded using inherent bonding characteristics of the fibers or by bonding the fibers using resin materials applied to the fibers. Various polymers can be used to make nonwoven materials including poly olefin, polyesters, ethylene vinyl acetate polymers, ethylene acrylic acid polymers and others.
  • The exterior of the article often comprises a polymer film that is liquid impervious. In certain aspects exterior polymer films can be further modified using additional exterior layers to obtain a more cloth like or nonwoven character to the exterior polymer film. The exterior film typically comprises a single layer of a polymer film but can be a multi-layer film structure. Typical polymer sheet materials comprise high tensile strength polymers including polyesters, poly olefins or other thermoplastic sheet materials that can be formed into film layers. The polyolefin or polyester polymer materials are often formed into sheets and are treated to improve strength, flexibility and puncture resistance. Techniques including biaxial orientation, heat treatment or surface treatment can improve the film characteristics of the polymer films. Such polymer films often have a thickness that ranges from about ten to about one hundred microns.
  • One embodiment of an absorbent article that we have mentioned comprises the impervious and breathable polymer film and fabric, an absorbent layer pad or mat and a nonwoven interior layer. This three component structure is assembled using the adhesive that is applied using manufacturing techniques that adheres the nonwoven interior layer to the polymer film which holding the absorbent layer there between.
  • The adhesive compositions can be applied under melt conditions to a substrate as a hot melt adhesive or may be coated, applied or sprayed onto the polymer film nonwoven or absorbent pad. Adhesives are typically applied using slot coat, spray-on or atomizing character in a bead, dot pattern, spiral pattern or other conventional pattern using such Nordson application techniques. In a preferred embodiment, the composition of the adhesive composition is applied to a substrate using a slot coat *using Nordson true coat of Speed coat slot) at increased machine speed.
  • The material is typically applied in an amount of about 0.1 to about 20 or about 0.2 to about 10 or about 0.3 to about 15 grams per square meter (g-m−2) of resulting bonded material. The adhesive material can be used at an add-on rate of 0.5 to 2 g-m−2, 0.6 to 1.7 g-m−2 or 0.7 to 1.5 g-m−2, for sanitary products or disposable diaper articles. Similar low add-on rates can be accomplished for napkin construction, elastic attachment and other disposable goods. Particularly preferred applications for the materials disclosed include baby diaper construction, diaper chassis construction, diaper core stabilization, diaper outer cover lamination, feminine napkin construction and core stabilization, feminine napkin adhesive strip, etc.
  • EXPERIMENTAL
  • A number of hot melt adhesive compositions were prepared by blending first amorphous copolymer, second compatible copolymer and antioxidant using mixing conditions at elevated temperatures to form a fully homogenized melt. Mixing temperatures varied from about 135 to about 200° C. preferably about 150 to about 175° C. as needed to obtain uniformity. A traditional heated stirred blade (WiseStir®) mixer was used to ensure full homogenization in a heated container into a final adhesive composition.
  • Examples 1-3
  • Hot melt adhesive compositions were formulated by melt blending, as described below, wherein specific components and amounts of the components are shown in the following table 2.
  • TABLE 2 Experimental Preparations Ex. 1 Ex. 2 Ex. 3 Component (wt. %) (wt. %) (wt. %) Rextac E-65 44.5 54.5 (1-butene copolymer) Rextax E-63 30 20 (1-butene copolymer) Rextac 2830 70 (1-butene copolymer) Indapol H-1900 24.99 24.99 29.49 Polyisobutylene (MW2500) Irganox 1010 (Stabilizer) 0.5 0.5 0.5 Benotex OB 0.01 0.01 0.01 (Optical brightener) Brookfield DV-II + pro Viscosity (cP) Rotation 10 rpm Spindle # SC4-27 250° F. 31000 23825 18200 275° F. 13650 13175 10250 300° F. 6265 6875 6050 325° F. 4090 4460 3850 350° F. 3245 3060 2595 Mettler Softening 116 115 91 Point (° C.) Density (g-cm−3) 0.87 0.87 0.87
  • Comparative Example 1
  • Holt melt adhesive compositions are formulated by melt blending, as described below, wherein specific components and amounts of the components are shown in the following table 3.
  • TABLE 3 Experimental Preparations CEx. 1 CEx 2 Component (wt. %) (wt. %) APAO 75 Rextac E-63 (1-butene copolymer) 75 Polyisobutylene 25 White Oil 25 Irganox 20120 (Stabilizer) 0 0 Benotex OB (Optical brightener) 0 0
  • TABLE 4 Test Results Add-on Add-on method— (g-m−2) Nordsen ® Over Web Speed Peak Average Peel Hot Melt 120 mm Temp Air Press. (inch-sec−1/ Peel Peel force Run applic. width (° F./° C.) Gap (psi/Pascal) m-sec−1) Ex. Ex. Ex. (g-in−1) (g-in−1) (N-cm−1) 1 Slot/true 0.75 320/160   2000/50.8 Ex. 2 190 93 0.37 coat die 2 Slot/true 1 310/154.4 2000/50.8 Ex. 2 202 110 0.43 coat die 3 Slot/true 1 320/160   2000/50.8 Ex. 2 217 134 0.53 coat die 4 Slot/true 1 330/165.6 2000/50.8 Ex. 2 212 131 0.52 coat die 5 Slot/true 1 315/157.2 2000/50.8 Ex. 2 205 110 0.43 coat die 6 Slot/true 0.5 320/160   2000/50.8 Ex. 2 111 58 0.23 coat die 7 Slot/true 0.75 320/160   2000/50.8 Ex. 2 161 95 0.37 coat die 8 Slot/true 0.5 320/160   2000/50.8 Ex. 1 126 70 0.28 coat die 9 Slot/true 0.75 320/160   2000/50.8 Ex. 1 181 100 0.39 coat die 10 Slot/true 0.5 320/160   2000/50.8 Ex. 3 117 62 0.24 coat die 11 Slot/true 0.75 320/160   2000/50.8 Ex. 3 152 93 0.37 coat die 12 Slot/true 1 320/160   2000/50.8 Ex. 3 192 123 0.48 coat die 13 Signature 1 360/182.2 20 mm 40/0.276 2000/50.8 Ex. 2 154 92 0.36 14 Signature 1 360/182.2 20 mm 45/0.310 2000/50.8 Ex. 2 164 96 0.38 15 Signature 1 360/182.2 25 mm 45/0.310 2000/50.8 Ex. 2 189 1025 0.4 16 Signature 1.25 360/182.2 25 mm 45/0.310 2000/50.8 Ex. 2 201 123 0.48 17 Signature 1.25 360/182.2 25 mm 45/0.310 2000/50.8 Ex. 3 187 116 0.46 18 Signature 1 360/182.2 25 mm 45/0.310 2000/50.8 Ex. 2 158 88 0.35 19 Signature 1 360/182.2 25 mm 45/0.310 2000/50.8 Ex. 1 197 122 0.48 20 Signature 1.25 360/182.2 25 mm 45/0.310 2000/50.8 Ex. 1 232 138 0.54
  • All tests show adhesion and good bonding. The data from runs 2, 3, 4, 45, 9, 12, 15, 16, 17, 19 and 20 show values that all exceeded requirements for a successful construction manufacture.
  • These data indicate that the materials will provide excellent construction bonding in disposable absorbent articles. Note viscosity relates to the resistance to flow of the material under certain conditions. This distinctive property determines the flowability, degree of wetting, and penetration of the substrate by the molten polymer. It provides an indication of its processability and utility as a hot melt adhesive material.
  • Melt viscosity is generally directly related to a polymer molecular weight and is reported in millipascal-second (mP·s) or centipoises (cP) using a Brookfield DV-II+Pro (Rotation 10 rpm—Spindle # SC4-27) at the stated temperature.
  • Mettler softening point in degrees Centigrade or degrees Fahrenheit is typically measured using ASTM D3104. The amorphous nature of the poly olefin materials results in a melting point, which is not sharp or definite. Rather as the temperature increases, amorphous polymers gradually change from a solid to a soft and then to a liquid material. No clearly defined glass transition or melting temperature is often noted. This temperature testament that generally measure the precise temperature at which a disc of polymer sample, heated at as rate of 2° C. per minute of 10° F. per minute becomes soft enough to allow the test object, a steel ball (grams) drops through the sample. The softening point of a polymer reports in degrees Centigrade or degrees Fahrenheit is important because it typically indicates the polymer's heat resistance useful application temperatures and solidification points.
  • Peel test values were obtained by forming a laminate from a SMS non-woven (11.6 g-m−2) micro-porous polyethylene film (0.5 mil/0.127 micron) using lamination conditions as shown in Table 4. The laminate is cut into 1 inch/25.4 mm wide strips in the cross machine direction. Peel force was measured by separating the laminate at room temperature using a TMas pull tester at a rate of 20 in-sec−1/50.8 cm-sec−1 with the peek force averaged over a 15 period.
  • The claims may suitably comprise, consist of, or consist essentially of, or be substantially free of any of the disclosed or recited elements. The invention illustratively disclosed herein can also be suitably practiced in the absence of any element which is not specifically disclosed herein. The various embodiments described above are provided by way of illustration only and should not be construed to limit the claims attached hereto. Various modifications and changes may be made without following the example embodiments and applications illustrated and described herein, and without departing from the true spirit and scope of the following claims.

Claims (20)

What is claimed is:
1. An absorbent article comprising a liquid permeable interior layer, a liquid impervious exterior layer, and an absorbent layer therebetween;
further comprising a hot melt adhesive composition consisting essentially of:
(i) an amorphous polyolefin composition comprising more than 40% 1-butene; and
(ii) a second amorphous polymer comprising at least one butane monomer, the polymer having a molecular weight (MWn) of at least 1000 wherein the polymer is compatible with the polyolefin.
2. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein the interior layer comprises a nonwoven.
3. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein the absorbent layer comprises a super absorbent material.
4. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein the exterior layer comprises a polymer film.
5. The absorbent article of claim 4, wherein the exterior layer comprises a multi-layer structure.
6. The absorbent article of claim 4, comprising another exterior layer comprising a nonwoven layer.
7. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein the article comprises an adhesive bond between a polymer film and a nonwoven fabric.
8. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein the article comprises an adhesive bond between the interior layer comprising a nonwoven and the exterior layer comprising a multi-layer structure comprising a polymer film.
9. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein the hot melt adhesive bonds the interior layer and the exterior layer.
10. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein the adhesive may be coated, applied, or sprayed onto either a nonwoven or polymer film layer of the article.
11. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein the article is selected from the group consisting of infant diapers, adult diapers, and feminine care pads.
12. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein the adhesive is substantially free of a tackifier.
13. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein the second amorphous polymer comprises a viscous liquid with molecular weight of about 200-20,000 and a Saybolt Universal seconds (SUS) viscosity at 100° C. of about 100 to 20,000.
14. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein the amorphous polyolefin polymer comprises less than 50 wt. % of one or more alpha olefin C2 or C4-20 monomers.
15. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein the second amorphous polymer comprises a polyisobutylene with a molecular weight of 1500 to 6000.
16. The absorbent article of claim 15, wherein the adhesive comprises about 50 to 90 wt. % of the amorphous polymer and about 10 to 50 wt. % of the polyisobutylene.
17. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein the density of the adhesive is less than 0.9 g/cm3.
18. A disposable absorbent article comprising a first substrate, a second substrate, and a hot melt adhesive composition bonding the first substrate and the second substrate to one another, wherein the hot melt adhesive consists essentially of:
(i) an amorphous polyolefin composition comprising more than 40% 1-butene; and
(ii) a second amorphous polymer comprising at least one butane monomer, the polymer having a molecular weight (MWn) of at least 1000 wherein the polymer is compatible with the polyolefin.
19. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein the first substrate comprises a nonwoven and the second substrate comprises a polymer film.
20. The absorbent article of claim 1, wherein the first substrate is a liquid permeable interior layer comprising a nonwoven and the second substrate is a liquid impervious exterior layer comprising a polymer film and a nonwoven.
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US14/302,736 US20150174281A1 (en) 2013-12-19 2014-06-12 Hot melt adhesive
MX2016008145A MX368114B (en) 2013-12-19 2014-12-12 Hot melt adhesive.
JP2016535026A JP6243034B2 (en) 2013-12-19 2014-12-12 Hot melt adhesive
HUE14824280A HUE045164T2 (en) 2013-12-19 2014-12-12 Hot melt adhesive
RU2016121706A RU2655988C2 (en) 2013-12-19 2014-12-12 Absorbent article with tackifier-free adhesive
CA2934064A CA2934064C (en) 2013-12-19 2014-12-12 Hot melt adhesive
CN201480069191.5A CN105829469A (en) 2013-12-19 2014-12-12 Hot melt adhesive
RU2016121215A RU2678050C1 (en) 2013-12-19 2014-12-12 Hot melt adhesive
ES14824280T ES2745986T3 (en) 2013-12-19 2014-12-12 Hot melt adhesive
PCT/US2014/069990 WO2015094960A1 (en) 2013-12-19 2014-12-12 Absorbent article with tackifier-free adhesive
CN201480069738.1A CN105829470A (en) 2013-12-19 2014-12-12 Absorbent article with tackifier-free adhesive
PCT/US2014/069985 WO2015094959A1 (en) 2013-12-19 2014-12-12 Hot melt adhesive
MX2016008124A MX368180B (en) 2013-12-19 2014-12-12 Absorbent article with tackifier-free adhesive.
EP14824280.3A EP3083859B1 (en) 2013-12-19 2014-12-12 Hot melt adhesive
EP14824662.2A EP3083860B1 (en) 2013-12-19 2014-12-12 Absorbent article with tackifier-free adhesive
CA2934068A CA2934068C (en) 2013-12-19 2014-12-12 Absorbent article with tackifier-free adhesive
JP2016533587A JP6387412B2 (en) 2013-12-19 2014-12-12 Absorbent article having adhesive without adhesive
CL2016001566A CL2016001566A1 (en) 2013-12-19 2016-06-17 hotmelt
CL2016001563A CL2016001563A1 (en) 2013-12-19 2016-06-17 absorbent article free adhesive tackifiers
US15/826,928 US20180078425A1 (en) 2013-12-19 2017-11-30 Hot melt adhesive
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US14/574,701 Active US10357407B2 (en) 2013-12-19 2014-12-18 Hot melt adhesive
US15/826,928 Pending US20180078425A1 (en) 2013-12-19 2017-11-30 Hot melt adhesive
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