US20140263326A1 - Closure for container - Google Patents

Closure for container Download PDF

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Publication number
US20140263326A1
US20140263326A1 US13/832,023 US201313832023A US2014263326A1 US 20140263326 A1 US20140263326 A1 US 20140263326A1 US 201313832023 A US201313832023 A US 201313832023A US 2014263326 A1 US2014263326 A1 US 2014263326A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
container
rim
closure
skirt
bead
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US13/832,023
Inventor
Keith E. Antal, Sr.
Chad E. Lagace
Terry Smith
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sonoco Development Inc
Original Assignee
Sonoco Development Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sonoco Development Inc filed Critical Sonoco Development Inc
Priority to US13/832,023 priority Critical patent/US20140263326A1/en
Assigned to SONOCO DEVELOPMENT, INC. reassignment SONOCO DEVELOPMENT, INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: ANTAL, KEITH E., SR., LAGACE, CHAD E., SMITH, TERRY
Publication of US20140263326A1 publication Critical patent/US20140263326A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D43/00Lids or covers for rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D43/02Removable lids or covers
    • B65D43/0235Removable lids or covers with integral tamper element
    • B65D43/0237Removable lids or covers with integral tamper element secured by snapping over beads or projections before removal of the tamper element
    • B65D43/0256Removable lids or covers with integral tamper element secured by snapping over beads or projections before removal of the tamper element only on the outside, or a part turned to the outside, of the mouth of the container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D43/00Lids or covers for rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D43/02Removable lids or covers
    • B65D43/0235Removable lids or covers with integral tamper element
    • B65D43/0237Removable lids or covers with integral tamper element secured by snapping over beads or projections before removal of the tamper element
    • B65D43/0256Removable lids or covers with integral tamper element secured by snapping over beads or projections before removal of the tamper element only on the outside, or a part turned to the outside, of the mouth of the container
    • B65D43/026Removable lids or covers with integral tamper element secured by snapping over beads or projections before removal of the tamper element only on the outside, or a part turned to the outside, of the mouth of the container leaving only an inside friction after removal of the tamper element
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2543/00Lids or covers essentially for box-like containers
    • B65D2543/00009Details of lids or covers for rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D2543/00018Overall construction of the lid
    • B65D2543/00064Shape of the outer periphery
    • B65D2543/00074Shape of the outer periphery curved
    • B65D2543/00092Shape of the outer periphery curved circular
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2543/00Lids or covers essentially for box-like containers
    • B65D2543/00009Details of lids or covers for rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D2543/00018Overall construction of the lid
    • B65D2543/00259Materials used
    • B65D2543/00296Plastic
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2543/00Lids or covers essentially for box-like containers
    • B65D2543/00009Details of lids or covers for rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D2543/00444Contact between the container and the lid
    • B65D2543/00481Contact between the container and the lid on the inside or the outside of the container
    • B65D2543/0049Contact between the container and the lid on the inside or the outside of the container on the inside, or a part turned to the inside of the mouth of the container
    • B65D2543/00509Cup
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2543/00Lids or covers essentially for box-like containers
    • B65D2543/00009Details of lids or covers for rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D2543/00444Contact between the container and the lid
    • B65D2543/00481Contact between the container and the lid on the inside or the outside of the container
    • B65D2543/00537Contact between the container and the lid on the inside or the outside of the container on the outside, or a part turned to the outside of the mouth of the container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2543/00Lids or covers essentially for box-like containers
    • B65D2543/00009Details of lids or covers for rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D2543/00444Contact between the container and the lid
    • B65D2543/00481Contact between the container and the lid on the inside or the outside of the container
    • B65D2543/00555Contact between the container and the lid on the inside or the outside of the container on both the inside and the outside
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2543/00Lids or covers essentially for box-like containers
    • B65D2543/00009Details of lids or covers for rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D2543/00444Contact between the container and the lid
    • B65D2543/00592Snapping means
    • B65D2543/00601Snapping means on the container
    • B65D2543/00611Profiles
    • B65D2543/00629Massive bead
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2543/00Lids or covers essentially for box-like containers
    • B65D2543/00009Details of lids or covers for rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D2543/00444Contact between the container and the lid
    • B65D2543/00592Snapping means
    • B65D2543/00601Snapping means on the container
    • B65D2543/00675Periphery concerned
    • B65D2543/00685Totality
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2543/00Lids or covers essentially for box-like containers
    • B65D2543/00009Details of lids or covers for rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D2543/00444Contact between the container and the lid
    • B65D2543/00592Snapping means
    • B65D2543/00712Snapping means on the lid
    • B65D2543/00722Profiles
    • B65D2543/00759Flange or lip
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2543/00Lids or covers essentially for box-like containers
    • B65D2543/00009Details of lids or covers for rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D2543/00444Contact between the container and the lid
    • B65D2543/00592Snapping means
    • B65D2543/00712Snapping means on the lid
    • B65D2543/00787Periphery concerned
    • B65D2543/00805Segments
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2543/00Lids or covers essentially for box-like containers
    • B65D2543/00009Details of lids or covers for rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D2543/00824Means for facilitating removing of the closure
    • B65D2543/00833Integral tabs, tongues, handles or similar
    • B65D2543/00842Integral tabs, tongues, handles or similar outside of the lid

Abstract

A closure is provided for use in covering a discharge opening in a container and engaging a peripheral rim defining the opening. The closure lid includes a body for covering the container opening and a plurality of projecting portions that extend from a periphery of the body. The projecting portions are spaced from one another, with each formed to surround a portion of the container rim. A ring is connected to the projecting portions and surrounds the container rim. A plurality of retaining fingers are provided, with each finger spaced from one another and interleaved within the spacing between adjacent projecting portions. The fingers project inwardly from the ring and engage the bead on the container rim. The engagement of the fingers with the container rim is visible through the spacing between the projecting portions.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present disclosure relates to an overcap, lid or closure structure for use along with a container to form a package. The closure is formed for sealing a container discharge, such as a container opening. Preferably, the overcap includes structures providing tamper evidence.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Containers have been used for a variety of products, including food products, cleaning products, etc. Containers may be constructed of any number of materials. One container example includes a composite body portion, an open top end and a lip or rim, with the material rolled to form a projecting bead adjacent an external sidewall. A closure, lid or overcap may further be provided for closing the container opening. In an alternative example, the container rim may include an end ring, fixed to the container body and forming the retaining bead.
  • Container closures typically fit over the container top end or opening. The closure may also cover a discharge valve formed on the container. The closure serves many functions including, but not limited to, protecting the discharge of the container from damage, preventing or deterring unwanted access into the container, maintaining the product within the container and preventing spilling, helping to improve stacking of multiple containers, and increasing the useful life of the product after opening.
  • Overcaps may also be provided with means for deterring tampering with the container contents prior to use by a consumer and/or may be provided with related or separate means for indicating that tampering may have occurred.
  • U.S. Pat. No. 5,538,154 to Von Holdt shows a snap-on, flexible lid having spaced panel portions on the sidewall flange of the lid having inwardly projecting structures that are positioned to engage the bead of the container rim. Vertically aligned tear lines are provide on the side edges of the panel portions for separation of the panels from the remainder of the lid flange for ease of flexing the panel portions away from engagement with the container bead.
  • U.S. Pat. No. 4,934,554 to Edwards shows a tamper evident lid structure having an outer ring attached to the sidewall flange of the lid. The tamper evident portions are provided at various locations within an inverted u-shaped channel. The ring is provided with a hook member and includes a barb for retention on the bead of the container rim. An opening in the sidewall is provided at the location of the hook member. The ring may be removable by a tearing action, which also removes the hook members.
  • U.S. Pat. No. 7,918,360 to Mengeu et al. shows a container and overcap combination for a microwavable container, wherein the overcap includes a skirt portion having at least one flexible member therein for releasable engagement with a bead on the rim of the container. The members may be flexed outwardly to release engagement with a bead on the container. An opening is provided in the top of the skirt portion, adjacent each member, providing access to the flexible member.
  • U.S. Pat. No. 6,899,245 to Nelson shows a tamper resistant container lid having a band surrounding the container bead engagement structures. The band forms a tear strip and is separated into a plurality of spaced tabs having spurs formed on the inside, inwardly directed surfaces. Removal of the band separates the spurs and exposes a bead engagement structure on the lid.
  • U.S. Pat. No. 4,281,774 to Mumford shows a tamper evident snap-on cap having an outer skirt for engagement of a beaded rim on a container and an integral tear strip for tamper evidence. An inwardly positioned annular wall forms a plug for engagement with the interior surface of the container rim.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • In one aspect of the present disclosure, a closure is defined for use in covering a container discharge, such as an opening in the container. The discharge includes a defined rim having a projecting bead. The closure includes a body formed to cover the discharge. A plurality of projecting portions extends from a periphery of the closure body with each being wrapped around a portion of the bead on the rim. The projecting portions are spaced from one another and a ring is connected to the projecting portions. The ring surrounds container rim. Positioned between spaced projecting portions are inwardly directed fingers or tabs formed for engagement with the bead on the container rim. A separation line is formed on the projecting portions adjacent the body and adjoining the rim of the container. The engagement of the projections and the fingers is removed upon a frangible disconnection of the projections and ring from the closure body.
  • In another aspect of the disclosure, a closure is defined for use in covering a container, wherein the container includes a defined rim, an outwardly projecting bead on the rim and a container discharge associated with the rim. The closure includes a body adapted to engage the container rim and a skirt frangibly connected to the body. The frangible connection of the skirt with the body is formed at a position adjoining the engagement of the closure on the rim of the container. The skirt includes a plurality of projecting portions extending from a periphery of the body, with the projecting portions being spaced from one another. The projecting portions are adapted to surround a portion of the container rim and a corresponding portion of the bead. A ring is connected to the projecting portions, with the ring adapted to surround the container rim. A plurality of retaining fingers is provided, with the fingers interleaved within the spacing between adjacent projecting portions. The fingers angle inwardly and upwardly from the ring and are adapted to engage the bead of the container rim. The engagement of the fingers with the bead is visible through the spacing between the projecting portions and the fingers are removed along with the ring upon frangible disconnection of the skirt from the body.
  • In further aspect of the closure, the projecting portions are formed for wrapping around at least an upper portion of the container rim and the bead. In addition, the body may include a base portion for extending across a container opening, serving as the container discharge. A sidewall may be provided that projects from the base portion, with the body sidewall formed for contacting with an internal sidewall of the container. In addition, a peripheral flange may be formed with and extending outwardly from the sidewall of the body. The frangible connection of the body to the skirt may be formed adjacent the flange. The flange may further extend radially outwardly from the body, with the fingers projecting from the ring to a radial position outwardly of the radial extension of the flange. Further, the flange may extend radially outwardly from the body to a position inwardly of the projection of the bead from the container rim.
  • In another aspect of the closure, a plurality of stiffening ribs may be provided on the skirt. The ribs are associated with a corresponding retaining finger and connect the finger with an adjacent portion of the skirt, such as, for example, the adjacent portion of the ring.
  • In still further aspect of the closure, the skirt may include an opening tab extending from the flange. The opening tab may further remain connected to the body, upon detachment of the skirt from the body. The frangible connection of the body and the skirt may be positioned radially outward from a radial projection of the bead on the rim of the container.
  • In another aspect of the present disclosure, a package may be defined having a container and a closure. The container may include a rim portion positioned adjacent to a container discharge, with the rim further defined by an outwardly projecting bead. The closure is provided for removably covering the discharge and for engaging the rim on the container. The closure may include a body adapted to engage the container rim and a peripheral flange formed for overlap with an upper portion of the rim. A skirt is frangibly connected to the flange, with the frangible connection formed at a position adjoining the rim of the container when the closure is positioned on the container. The skirt includes a plurality of spaced projecting portions extending from the flange, with each projecting portion adapted to surround a portion of the rim and a corresponding portion of the bead. A ring is connected to the plurality of projecting portions and surrounds the bead in a spaced relationship. A plurality of retaining fingers are interleaved with and positioned within the space between the projecting portions. The fingers angle inwardly and upwardly from the ring and engage the bead. The engagement of the fingers with the bead is visible through the spacing between the projecting portions. In addition, the fingers are removed along with the ring upon frangible disconnection of the skirt from the flange.
  • In a further aspect of the package, the body may include a base portion for extending across a discharge opening in the container and a projecting sidewall for contacting with an internal sidewall of the container opening. The peripheral flange extends outwardly from the sidewall.
  • In a further aspect of the package, a plurality of stiffening ribs may be provided on the skirt. The ribs are associated with a corresponding retaining finger and connect the finger with an adjacent portion of the skirt. The connection of the rib may be between the finger and an adjacent portion of the ring. In addition, an opening tab may be extended from the flange and be formed within a plane of the skirt. The flange may extend radially outward from the body, with the fingers projecting from the ring to a radial position inward of the radial extension of the flange. The flange may extend radially outwardly from the body to a position outward of the projection of the bead from the rim of a container. Further, the frangible connection of the body may be positioned radially outward of the bead.
  • Other features of the present invention and combinations of features will become apparent from the detailed description to follow, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • For the purpose of illustrating the invention, the drawings show one or more forms that are presently preferred. It should be understood that the invention is not limited to the precise arrangements and instrumentalities shown in the drawings.
  • FIG. 1 shows an isometric view of a package in a form contemplated by the present disclosure, the package including a container and a closure lid.
  • FIG. 1A shows an isometric view of a portion of the container, separated from the closure.
  • FIG. 2 shows a top plan view of the closure lid embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 and 1A, with the retaining ring in the process of being removed from the body of the closure.
  • FIG. 3 shows a close-up cross sectional view of a portion of the closure lid embodiment.
  • FIG. 4 shows a close-up cross sectional view of a portion of the closure lid engaging the rim of the container.
  • FIG. 5 shows a close-up cross sectional view of a portion of the closure lid engaging the rim of the container, with the retaining ring of the closure removed.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • In the figures, where like numerals identify like elements, there is shown an embodiment of a package formed by a combination of a container and an overcap, lid or closure. In FIGS. 1 and 1A, the package is generally designated by the numeral 10, the container by the numeral 12 and the closure by the number 14. The container 12 includes a wall 16 that, along with a bottom wall (not shown), defines an internal storage volume for a product or the like. A discharge opening is provided at the upper end of the sidewall 16. The opening is defined by an annular rim 18, which includes an outwardly projecting bead 20 formed thereon. An upper sidewall surface 22 is formed at the top of the container wall 16 and below the bead 20. The closure 14 is formed to be secured to the rim 18 of the container 12 and to cover the discharge opening.
  • The overcap 14 includes a central body portion 24 and a surrounding skirt 26, with the skirt 26 ending in an annular ring 28. The body 24 is preferably dimensioned to extend across and cover the opening of the container 12. As shown, the body 24 is formed as a well with a base portion 30 and an upstanding sidewall 32. The outside diameter/dimension of the sidewall 32 is contemplated to correspond to the inside diameter/dimension of the container sidewall 22 adjacent the rim 18, such that the body 24 may be frictionally retained within the container opening. The frictional contact between the body sidewall 32 and the container sidewall 22 is contemplated to allow for removal of the body 24 from the opening when desired by the package user. A peripheral flange 34 is provided at the upper end of the body sidewall 32 and connects with the skirt 26.
  • The skirt portion 26 of the closure 14 extends outwardly from the flange 34 of the closure body 24. The skirt 26 includes a plurality of projections 36 that surround the upper surface of the rim 18 and the outer surface of the bead 20 when the closure 14 is positioned on the container 12. The projections 36 are spaced from one another, with the spaces 38 assisting in the formation of a tamper evident structure. The ring 28 is connected to the projections 36 and surrounds the container rim 18 when the package 10 is assembled. The projections 36 extend along the upper sidewall 22 of the container 12, with the ring 28 being spaced from the sidewall 22. A plurality of inwardly directed fingers or tabs 40 are provided on the ring 28. The fingers 40 angle inwardly from the inside of the ring 28 and are formed to engage the bead portion 20 of the container rim 18.
  • In FIG. 2 the closure 14 is shown (without the container) with at least a portion of the skirt 26 being removed from the body 24. A frangible connection is formed between the peripheral flange 34 and the connecting members 42 of the projections 36. In FIG. 2, this frangible connection is represented by a dotted line 44. In FIGS. 3 and 4, the frangible connection is shown as a reduced thickness within the wall of the closure 14. The closure 14 is preferably formed from injection molded plastic having sufficient properties for the line of reduced thickness to form a tear line for removal of the ring 28 and (at least a portion of) the projections 36. As shown in FIG. 2, an opening tab 46 is formed within the skirt 26. The tab 46 forms a projection structure that is separated (or frangibly removable) from the ring 28. As the ring 28 and projections 36 are disconnected from the peripheral flange 34, the inner fingers 40 are also removed from the closure 12. The skirt 28 is completely removed from the outer periphery of the flange 34, leaving the opening tab 46.
  • The internal engagement of the closure 14 with the rim 18 of the container 12 is illustrated in cross section in FIGS. 3 and 4. In FIG. 3, the central body 24 is shown with the sidewall 32 projecting upwardly from the base 30. The peripheral flange 34 is formed on the upper edge of the sidewall 32. The cross section is taken through the skirt 26 at the location of an opening or space 38. Hence, the finger 40 is shown in cross section, with the adjacent projection 36 shown behind the finger 40 and ring 28. The finger 40 is angled inwardly towards the outside surface of the body sidewall 32 and upwardly in the direction of the flange 34. A stiffening rib 48 is provided on the underside of the finger 40, forming a connection between the finger 40 and the inside of the ring portion 28 of the skirt 26.
  • The engagement of the closure with the rim 18 is shown in FIG. 4. The rim 18 is inserted into the open area bounded by the outside surface of the sidewall 32, the upper flange, (where provided) the adjacent projection connector 42, and the inside surface of the skirt 26. The outwardly projecting bead 20 is engaged by the finger 40, preferably at the intersection of the bead 20 and the upper sidewall 22 of the container 12. The inside surface of the container sidewall 22 is in contact with the outside surface of the body sidewall 32 of the closure 14.
  • The fingers 40 are visible through the spaces 38 between adjacent projections 36 to provide for inspection of the engagement between the fingers 40 and the bead 20. Separation of the fingers 40 around the rim 18 is required to remove the closure 14 from the container 12. Hence, any visible misalignment or deformation of the fingers 40 provides an indication of tampering with the container 12 or its contents. The stiffening ribs 48 may assist in the visual identification of tampering. The ribs 48 make it more difficult for the fingers to be deformed. Hence, any bending of the fingers 40 away from the rim 18 would preferably result in a plastic deformation of the material, that is visible upon inspection.
  • The fingers 40 preferably create a sufficient retention force with the rim 18 and bead 20 of the container 12 that the closure cannot—prior to removal of the skirt 26—be removed from the container 12. Hence, the fingers 40 are provided for tamper resistance, maintaining the closure 14 on the container 12 prior to separation of the skirt 26. Once the skirt 26 has been separated, the fingers 40 are also removed and access to the container opening or other discharge is provided.
  • As shown in FIG. 2, the skirt 26 is removed from the body 24 of the closure by a tearing along the line 44. The engagement of the body 24 of the closure 14 with the upper sidewall 22 and rim 18 of the container 12, after removal of the skirt portion, is shown in FIG. 5. The removal of the skirt 26 also removes the fingers 40 from engagement of the bead 20. In the embodiment shown, the closure body 24 is frictionally positioned within the opening of the container 12 such that the outside surface of the sidewall 32 of the body 24 is engaged with the inside surface of the upper sidewall 22. The flange 34 projects radially outward from the body sidewall 32 and forms a stop for the closure body 24, deterring movement into the container beyond the rim 18. The opening tab (46, FIG. 2) is provided for assisting in removal of the closure body 24 from the frictional engagement within the container opening. A lifting force on the tab 46 overcomes the fiction between the sidewalls 32, 22 and the closure 14 may then be removed from the container rim 18. The closure body 24 may be replaced on the container by sliding the body into the opening, and thus resealing the container contents.
  • Other forms of engagement between the closure body and the container may be provided, including a threaded or bayonet connection between the two parts. Further, the closure may have an alternate form and is not restricted to the formation of a well by the sidewall and base of the closure. The closure may, for example, be formed with an upwardly extending dome that covers the opening or an alternative discharge mechanism, such as a valve. Preferably, the closure body is capable of engaging a container rim in some fashion after removal of the tamper evident structures on the skirt. The flange and sidewall of the closure serve to removably fix the closure body on the rim of the container, after removal of the skirt. In the current form, it is contemplated that the spaced projections are removed upon separation of the skirt to create a uniform and regular flange periphery.
  • In manufacturing the overcap, an injection molding process is preferred. The interleaving of the tabs and projections may be formed to permit molding of the fingers and flange by a two part mold. As illustrated, the flange (34) vertically overlaps with the projected ends of the fingers. Depending on the materials, mold times and separation process, such an overlap may be accomplished without the need for movement of various portions of the mold parts during formation of the closure. The vertical overlap may, however, require a more complicated mold and formation process.
  • The present invention has been described and illustrated with respect to one or more exemplary embodiments. It should be understood by those skilled in the art from the foregoing that various other changes, omissions and additions may be made therein, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, with the scope of the invention being described by the foregoing claims.

Claims (19)

What is claimed is:
1. A closure for use in covering a container, the container having a defined rim and an outwardly projecting bead thereon, the closure comprising:
a body adapted to engage the defined rim of a container; and
a skirt frangibly connected to the body, the frangible connection of the skirt with the body formed at a position adjoining the engagement of the rim of the container, the skirt having
a plurality of projecting portions extending from a periphery of the body, the projecting portions spaced from one another around the periphery, each projecting portion adapted to surround a portion of the container rim and a corresponding portion of the bead,
a ring connected to the plurality of projecting portions, the ring adapted to surround container rim, and
a plurality of retaining fingers, the fingers spaced from one another and interleaved within the spacing between adjacent projecting portions, the fingers angling inwardly and upwardly from the ring and adapted to engage the bead associated with the container rim, wherein the engagement of the fingers with the bead is visible through the spacing between the projecting portions, and wherein the fingers are removed along with the ring upon frangible disconnection of the skirt from the body.
2. A closure as in claim 1 wherein the projecting portions are formed for wrapping around at least an upper portion of the container rim and the bead.
3. A closure as in claim 1 wherein the body comprises a base portion for extending across an opening in the container and a projecting sidewall formed for contacting with an internal sidewall of the container opening.
4. A closure as in claim 3 further comprising a peripheral flange formed with and extending outwardly from the sidewall of the body.
5. A closure as in claim 4 wherein the frangible connection of the body to the skirt is formed adjacent the flange.
6. A closure as in claim 5 wherein the flange extends radially outwardly from the body and wherein the fingers project from the ring to a radial position inward of the radial extension of the flange.
7. A closure as in claim 5 wherein the flange extends radially outwardly from the body to a position inwardly of the projection of the bead from the rim of a container.
8. A closure as in claim 1 further comprising a plurality of stiffening ribs formed on the skirt, the ribs associated with a corresponding retaining finger, each rib connecting the finger with an adjacent portion of the skirt.
9. A closure as in claim 8 wherein the connection by the rib is between the finger and the adjacent portion of the ring.
10. A closure as in claim 1 wherein the skirt further comprised an opening tab extending from the flange, the opening tab remaining connected to the body, upon detachment of the projections and ring from the body.
11. A closure as in claim 1 wherein the frangible connection of the body and the skirt is positioned radially outward of the radial projection of the bead on the rim of the container.
12. A package comprising
a container having a rim adjacent a container discharge, the rim defined by an outwardly projecting peripheral bead; and
a closure for removably covering the discharge and engaging the rim on the container; the closure comprising
a body adapted to engage the rim of the container, the body having a peripheral flange formed for overlap with an upper portion of the container rim, and
a skirt frangibly connected to the flange, the frangible connection of the skirt with the flange formed at a position adjoining the rim of the container, the skirt having
a plurality of spaced projecting portions extending from the flange, each projecting portion adapted to surround a portion of the rim and a corresponding portion of the bead,
a ring connected to the plurality of projecting portions, the ring adapted to surround, in a spaced relationship with, the bead, and
a plurality of retaining fingers, the fingers interleaved with and positioned within the space between the projecting portions, the fingers angled inwardly and upwardly from the ring and adapted to engage the bead,
wherein the engagement of the fingers with the bead is visible through the spacing between the projecting portions, and
wherein the fingers are removed along with the ring upon frangible disconnection of the skirt from the flange.
13. A package as in claim 12 wherein the body comprises a base portion for extending across an opening in the container, the opening forming the container discharge, and a projecting sidewall formed for contacting with an internal sidewall of the container opening.
14. A package as in claim 13 therein the peripheral flange extends outwardly from the sidewall.
15. A package as in claim 12 further comprising a plurality of stiffening ribs formed on the skirt, the ribs associated with a corresponding retaining finger, the rib connecting the finger with an adjacent portion of the skirt.
16. A package as in claim 15 wherein the connection by the rib is between the finger and the adjacent portion of the ring.
17. A package as in claim 18 further comprising an opening tab extending from the flange and formed within a plane of the skirt.
18. A package as in claim 12 wherein the flange extends radially outwardly from the body and wherein the fingers project from the ring to a radial position inward of the radial extension of the flange.
19. A package as in claim 12 wherein the frangible connection of the body and the skirt is positioned radially outward of the radial projection of the bead on the rim of the container.
US13/832,023 2013-03-15 2013-03-15 Closure for container Abandoned US20140263326A1 (en)

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US13/832,023 US20140263326A1 (en) 2013-03-15 2013-03-15 Closure for container
PCT/US2014/022242 WO2014150107A1 (en) 2013-03-15 2014-03-10 Closure for container

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DE102017204530A1 (en) * 2017-03-17 2018-09-20 Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft Arrangement for the positive fastening of a housing cover to a lower housing part of a battery housing and vehicle
US10179343B2 (en) 2014-07-28 2019-01-15 Cryovac, Inc. Dispensing system, packaging system, package, closure system, dispensing gun system, method of making a package, and method of dispensing a product

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US20160123496A1 (en) * 2014-03-06 2016-05-05 Hyperkinetics Corporation Valve cover
US10145484B2 (en) * 2014-03-06 2018-12-04 Hyperkinetics Corporation Valve cover
US10179343B2 (en) 2014-07-28 2019-01-15 Cryovac, Inc. Dispensing system, packaging system, package, closure system, dispensing gun system, method of making a package, and method of dispensing a product
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DE102017204530A1 (en) * 2017-03-17 2018-09-20 Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft Arrangement for the positive fastening of a housing cover to a lower housing part of a battery housing and vehicle

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