US20140228875A1 - Surgical device with integrated visualization and cauterization - Google Patents

Surgical device with integrated visualization and cauterization Download PDF

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Publication number
US20140228875A1
US20140228875A1 US14/168,717 US201414168717A US2014228875A1 US 20140228875 A1 US20140228875 A1 US 20140228875A1 US 201414168717 A US201414168717 A US 201414168717A US 2014228875 A1 US2014228875 A1 US 2014228875A1
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expandable
space
structure
vicinity
central lumen
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Abandoned
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US14/168,717
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Vahid Saadat
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Nidus Medical LLC
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Nidus Medical LLC
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Priority to US14/168,717 priority patent/US20140228875A1/en
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Publication of US20140228875A1 publication Critical patent/US20140228875A1/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M29/00Dilators with or without means for introducing media, e.g. remedies
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/00064Constructional details of the endoscope body
    • A61B1/00071Insertion part of the endoscope body
    • A61B1/0008Insertion part of the endoscope body characterised by distal tip features
    • A61B1/00087Tools
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/00064Constructional details of the endoscope body
    • A61B1/00071Insertion part of the endoscope body
    • A61B1/0008Insertion part of the endoscope body characterised by distal tip features
    • A61B1/00089Hoods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/00131Accessories for endoscopes
    • A61B1/00135Oversleeves
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/00163Optical arrangements
    • A61B1/00174Optical arrangements characterised by the viewing angles
    • A61B1/00183Optical arrangements characterised by the viewing angles for variable viewing angles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/04Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor combined with photographic or television appliances
    • A61B1/05Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor combined with photographic or television appliances characterised by the image sensor, e.g. camera, being in the distal end portion
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/02Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for holding wounds open; Tractors
    • A61B17/0218Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for holding wounds open; Tractors for minimally invasive surgery
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/32Surgical cutting instruments
    • A61B17/320016Endoscopic cutting instruments, e.g. arthroscopes, resectoscopes
    • A61B17/32002Endoscopic cutting instruments, e.g. arthroscopes, resectoscopes with continuously rotating, oscillating or reciprocating cutting instruments
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/32Surgical cutting instruments
    • A61B17/3203Fluid jet cutting instruments
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/32Surgical cutting instruments
    • A61B17/320016Endoscopic cutting instruments, e.g. arthroscopes, resectoscopes
    • A61B17/32002Endoscopic cutting instruments, e.g. arthroscopes, resectoscopes with continuously rotating, oscillating or reciprocating cutting instruments
    • A61B2017/320024Morcellators, e.g. having a hollow cutting tube with an annular cutter for morcellating and removing tissue

Abstract

Surgical devices with integrated visualization and cauterization are described herein where such devices include an elongate structure having a central lumen and an expandable space-creating structure having at least one expandable leaflet mounted in the vicinity of the distal end and is configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target. Also included is a proximal terminal having an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end and is configured to remain outside of said body and provide an actuation mechanism for actuating the space-creating structure. Additionally, at least one fluid connector and said central lumen is in fluid communication between an interior of the expandable space-creating structure and the at least one fluid connector.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application claims the benefit of U.S. App. No. 61/762,660, filed Feb. 8, 2013, the content of which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.
  • BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • It is an object of this invention to provide a surgical device comprising a means for accessing a therapeutic target within a mammalian body, a means for creating space proximate to the therapeutic target, a means for visualizing the therapeutic target and surroundings, and a means for providing therapy.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising a means for accessing a therapeutic target within a mammalian body, a means for creating space proximate to the therapeutic target, a means for visualizing the therapeutic target and surroundings, and a means for providing therapy, configured to access the therapeutic target through a natural bodily orifice.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising a means for accessing a therapeutic target within a mammalian body, a means for creating space proximate to the therapeutic target, a means for visualizing the therapeutic target and surroundings, and a means for providing therapy, configured to access the therapeutic target through a surgically created orifice.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising an elongated flexible structure comprising a distal end , a proximal end, and a central lumen; an expandable space-creating structure mounted in the vicinity of the distal end configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target, and a proximal terminal comprising an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end configured to remain outside of said body and provide the user with a means for actuating the space-creating structure, and at least one fluid connector, whereby said expandable structure comprises at least one expandable leaflet, and said central lumen is in fluidic communication between the interior of the expandable space-creating structure and the at least one fluid connector.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising an elongated flexible structure comprising a distal end, a proximal end, and a central lumen; an expandable space creating structure mounted in the vicinity of the distal end configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target, and a proximal terminal comprising an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end configured to remain outside of said body and provide the user with a means for actuating the space-creating structure, and at least one fluid connector, whereby said expandable structure comprises at least one optically transparent expandable leaflet, and said central lumen is in fluidic communication between the interior of the expandable space-creating structure, and the at least one fluid connector.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising an elongated flexible structure comprising a distal end, a proximal end, and a central lumen; an expandable space-creating structure mounted in the vicinity of the distal end configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target, and a proximal terminal comprising an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end configured to remain outside of said body and provide the user with a means for actuating the space-creating structure, and at least one fluid connector, whereby said expandable space-creating structure comprises at least one optically transparent expandable leaflet, and at least one internally mounted imaging device, and said central lumen is in fluidic communication between the interior of the expandable space creating structure and the at least one fluid connector.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising an elongated flexible structure comprising a distal end, a proximal end, and a central lumen; an expandable space-creating structure mounted in the vicinity of the distal end configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target comprising at least one optically transparent expandable leaflet, at least one internally mounted imaging device, and at least one internally mounted light emitting device, and a proximal terminal comprising an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end configured to remain outside of said body and provide the user with a means for actuating the expandable space-creating structure, and at least one fluid connector, whereby, said imaging device is a camera, and said light emitting device is an array of light emitting diodes, and the central lumen is in fluidic communication between the interior of the expandable space-creating structure and the at least one fluid connector.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising an elongated flexible structure comprising a distal end, a proximal end, and a central lumen; an expandable space-creating structure mounted in the vicinity of the distal end configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target comprising at least one optically transparent expandable leaflet, at least one internally mounted imaging device, and at least one internally mounted light emitting device, and a proximal terminal comprising an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end configured to remain outside of said body and provide the user with a means for actuating the expandable space-creating structure, and at least one fluid connector, whereby, said imaging device comprises a coherent optical bundle, and the central lumen is in fluidic communication between the interior of the expandable space-creating structure and the at least one fluid connector.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising an elongated flexible structure comprising a distal end, a proximal end, and a central lumen; an expandable space creating structure mounted in the vicinity of the distal end configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target comprising at least one optically transparent expandable leaflet, at least one internally mounted imaging device, and at least one internally mounted light emitting device, and a proximal terminal comprising an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end configured to remain outside of said body and provide the user with a means for actuating the expandable space-creating structure, and at least one fluid connector, whereby, said the aim of said imaging device is associated with the expansion of said leaflet, and the central lumen is in fluidic communication between the interior of the expandable space-creating structure and the at least one fluid connector.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising an elongated flexible structure comprising a distal end, a proximal end, and a central lumen; an expandable space-creating structure mounted in the vicinity of the distal end configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target comprising at least one optically transparent expandable leaflet, two internally mounted imaging devices, and at least one internally mounted light emitting device, and a proximal terminal comprising an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end configured to remain outside of said body and provide the user with a means for actuating the expandable space-creating structure, and at least one fluid connector, whereby, said imaging devices are configured for three dimensional imaging, and the central lumen is in fluidic communication between the interior of the expandable space-creating structure and the at least one fluid connector.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising an elongated flexible structure comprising a distal end, a proximal end, and a central lumen; an expandable space-creating structure mounted in the vicinity of the distal end configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target comprising at least one optically transparent expandable leaflet, at least one internally mounted imaging device, and a proximal terminal comprising an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end configured to remain outside of said body and provide the user with a means for actuating the expandable space-creating structure, and at least one fluid connector, whereby, said imaging device comprises and ultrasonic imaging transducer, and the central lumen is in fluidic communication between the interior of the expandable space-creating structure and the at least one fluid connector.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising an elongated flexible structure comprising a distal end, a proximal end, and a central lumen; an expandable space-creating structure mounted in the vicinity of the distal end configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target, and a proximal terminal comprising an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end configured to remain outside of said body and provide the user with a means for actuating the space-creating structure, and comprises at least one fluid connector, and at least one electrical connector, whereby said expandable structure comprises at least one expandable leaflet comprising a radiofrequency electrode surface disposed in the vicinity of its edge, and in electrical communication with said at least one electrical connector, and said central lumen is in fluidic communication between the interior of the expandable space creating structure and the at least one fluid connector.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising an elongated flexible structure comprising a distal end, a proximal end, and a central lumen; an expandable space-creating structure mounted in the vicinity of the distal end configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target, and a proximal terminal comprising an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end configured to remain outside of said body and provide the user with a means for actuating the space-creating structure, and comprises at least one fluid connector, and at least two electrical connectors, whereby said expandable structure comprises at least one expandable leaflet comprising a radiofrequency electrode surface disposed in the vicinity of its edge, a second electrode surface disposed in opposition to the first electrode surface with the first electrode surface in electrical communication with one electrical connector, and the second electrode surface in electrical communication with the second electrical connector, and said central lumen is in fluidic communication between the interior of the expandable space-creating structure and the at least one fluid connector.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising an elongated flexible structure comprising a distal end, a proximal end, a central lumen, and at least one additional lumen; an expandable space-creating structure mounted in the vicinity of the distal end configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target, and a proximal terminal comprising an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end configured to remain outside of said body and provide the user with a means for actuating the space-creating structure, and comprises at least two fluid connectors, whereby said central lumen is in fluidic communication between the interior of the expandable space-creating structure and one fluid connector, and said at least one additional lumen is in fluidic communication with the second fluid connector, wherein the central lumen is configured for aspiration, and the second lumen is configured for irrigation.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising an elongated flexible structure comprising a distal end, a proximal end, a central lumen, and at least one additional lumen; an expandable space-creating structure mounted in the vicinity of the distal end configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target comprising at least one expandable leaflet, and a proximal terminal comprising an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end configured to remain outside of said body and provide the user with a means for actuating the space-creating structure, and comprises at least two fluid connectors, whereby said central lumen is in fluidic communication between the interior of the expandable space-creating structure and one fluid connector, and said at least one additional lumen is in fluidic communication between the distal end of said expandable leaflet, and the second fluid connector, wherein the central lumen is configured for aspiration, and the second lumen is configured for irrigation.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising an elongated flexible structure comprising a distal end, a proximal end, a central lumen, and at least one additional lumen; an expandable space-creating structure mounted in the vicinity of the distal end configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target comprising at least one expandable leaflet, and a proximal terminal comprising an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end configured to remain outside of said body and provide the user with a means for actuating the space-creating structure, and comprises at least two fluid connectors, whereby said central lumen is in fluidic communication between the interior of the expandable space-creating structure and one fluid connector, and said at least one additional lumen is in fluidic communication between the distal end of said expandable leaflet, and the second fluid connector, wherein the central lumen is configured for aspiration, and the second lumen is configured for hydro-dissection.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising an elongated flexible structure comprising a distal end, a proximal end, a central lumen, and at least one additional lumen; an expandable space-creating structure mounted in the vicinity of the distal end configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target comprising at least two opposing expandable leaflets, and a proximal terminal comprising an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end configured to remain outside of said body and provide the user with a means for actuating the space-creating structure, and comprises at least two fluid connectors, whereby said central lumen is in fluidic communication between the interior of the expandable space-creating structure and one fluid connector, and said at least one additional lumen is in fluidic communication between the distal end of each said expandable leaflet, and the second fluid connector, wherein the central lumen is configured for aspiration, and the second lumen is configured for hydro-dissection, wherein the hydro-dissection may be in a determined direction including distal, proximal, or lateral directions.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising an elongated flexible structure comprising a distal end, a proximal end, a central lumen, and at least one additional lumen; an expandable space-creating structure mounted in the vicinity of the distal end configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target comprising at least one expandable leaflet, and a proximal terminal comprising an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end configured to remain outside of said body and provide the user with a means for actuating the space-creating structure, and comprises at least two fluid connectors, and a mechanical macerator disposed within the central lumen, whereby said central lumen is in fluidic communication between the interior of the expandable space-creating structure and one fluid connector, and said at least one additional lumen is in fluidic communication between interior of said expandable space-creating structure, and the second fluid connector, wherein said mechanical macerator is configured for maceration of tissue occupying the internal space of said expandable space-creating structure during therapy.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising an elongated flexible structure comprising a distal end, a proximal end, a central lumen, and at least one additional lumen; an expandable space-creating structure mounted in the vicinity of the distal end configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target comprising at least one expandable leaflet, and a proximal terminal comprising an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end configured to remain outside of said body and provide the user with a means for actuating the space-creating structure, and comprises at least two fluid connectors, and a cryo-ablation probe disposed within the central lumen, whereby said central lumen is in fluidic communication between the interior of the expandable space-creating structure and one fluid connector, and said at least one additional lumen is in fluidic communication between interior of said expandable space-creating structure, and the second fluid connector, wherein said cryo-ablation probe is configured for cryo-ablation of tissue occupying the internal space of said expandable space-creating structure during therapy.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising an elongated flexible structure comprising a distal end, a proximal end, a central lumen, and at least one additional lumen; an expandable space-creating structure mounted in the vicinity of the distal end configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target comprising at least one expandable leaflet, and a proximal terminal comprising an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end configured to remain outside of said body and provide the user with a means for actuating the space-creating structure, and comprises at least two fluid connectors, and a laser ablation disposed within the central lumen, whereby said central lumen is in fluidic communication between the interior of the expandable space-creating structure and one fluid connector, and said at least one additional lumen is in fluidic communication between interior of said expandable space-creating structure, and the second fluid connector, wherein said laser ablation probe is configured for laser ablation of tissue occupying the internal space of said expandable space-creating structure during therapy.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising an elongated flexible structure comprising a distal end, a proximal end, a central lumen, and at least one additional lumen; an expandable space-creating structure mounted in the vicinity of the distal end configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target comprising at least one expandable leaflet, and a proximal terminal comprising an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end configured to remain outside of said body and provide the user with a means for actuating the space-creating structure, and comprises at least two fluid connectors, and a microwave ablation probe disposed within the central lumen, whereby said central lumen is in fluidic communication between the interior of the expandable space-creating structure and one fluid connector, and said at least one additional lumen is in fluidic communication between interior of said expandable space-creating structure, and the second fluid connector, wherein microwave ablation probe is configured for microwave ablation of tissue occupying the internal space of said expandable space-creating structure during therapy.
  • In accordance with another aspect of this invention is a surgical device comprising an elongated flexible structure comprising a distal end, a proximal end, a central lumen, and at least one additional lumen; an expandable space-creating structure mounted in the vicinity of the distal end configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target comprising at least one expandable leaflet, and a proximal terminal comprising an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end configured to remain outside of said body and provide the user with a means for actuating the space-creating structure, and comprises at least two fluid connectors, and a ultrasonic energy ablation probe disposed within the central lumen, whereby said central lumen is in fluidic communication between the interior of the expandable space-creating structure and one fluid connector, and said at least one additional lumen is in fluidic communication between interior of said expandable space-creating structure, and the second fluid connector, wherein said ultrasonic energy ablation probe is configured for ultrasonic energy ablation of tissue occupying the internal space of said expandable space-creating structure during therapy.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • FIGS. 1A-1C show a bi-leaflet embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 1A the two leaflets are identified as elements 110 and 111. Either one or both of these leaflets can be made transparent or translucent for a visualizing element, which might be inserted in the outer sheath 120 of the device to see through these leaflets and provide guidance for the operator while travers in the tissue to get to a target site. This visualizing element can be a rigid or flexible endoscope, a digital micro camera like the ones that Medigus or Awaiba markets, it could also be a fiber optic image bundle or any other image-carrying device. Transparent or translucent leaflets make visualization thru closed leaflets possible.
  • FIG. 1B shows another view of the present invention where the inner tube 112 is visible through the transparent leaflets. As this inner tube, 112 moves forward, it acts upon the leaflets 110 and 111 pushing them outward as explained below in FIG. 1C.
  • As FIG. 1C illustrates, the bi-leaflet structure is actuated and opened in an outward direction in order to achieve the desired tissue dilation and visualization. Element 112 is a tube tightly fitting within the outer sheath 120 and is in turn connected to the arm 114 through hinge 113. The arm 114 is in turn connected to the leaflet 111 through hinge 115. Forward motion of the tube 112 in cooperation with elements 113, 114, and 115 places an outward force on leaflet s 110 and 111 leading to their movement away from the central axis of the sheath 120. This force will be modulated by the mechanical advantage within the handle of the device to maintain a constant dilation force by the leaflet.
  • FIG. 2A shows another embodiment of the current invention where a camera 280 is mounted within the transparent or translucent space of leaflet 211 and looks forward through the leaflet 211 long the optical axis 216. in a somewhat paraxial arrangement. Camera 280 is connected to the top leaflet, 211 through arm 214 and arm 214 in turn is connected to the leaflet and camera through hinges 213 and 215. FIG. 2B shows the current embodiment with the leaflets slightly opened. Camera 280 is now looking slightly downward towards the central axis of the sheath 220.
  • FIG. 2C illustrates further opening of the leaflets and now camera 28 is looking even further inward toward the optical axis and thereby provides a more relevant image to the operator who is interested in the tissue that is closer to the opening of the device. FIG. 2D is a front view of the subject invention illustrating the full lumen access upon opening of the leaflet as was mentioned before.
  • FIG. 3A shows the lower leaflet of the subject invention, 300 that is capable of performing ablation and cauterization of the tissue. This embodiment of the subject invention is intended to take a partial bite of the tissue, which makes it easier to remove the dissected tissue that would be contained within the space between the two leaflets when the leaflets are closed and the tissue that's contained between the leaflets is separated from the surrounding area and the leaflets are touching alongside their length. In procedures where the operator is dependent on the clear visualization, cauterizing of the remaining surface of the dissected tissue prevents bleeding and creating turbidity in the irrigating fluid and thereby clouding the view. The leaflet can be made out of many different materials as described before.
  • Element 310 represents the lower leaflet that could be metallic or transparent or translucent as described before. Element 340 represents the portion of the lower leaflet which is conducive to electrical energy and in cooperation with the upper leaflet is utilized to resect the tissue by radio frequency. Element 330 is a high temperature non-conductive material with an expansion coefficient that is properly chosen to minimize the relative motion between elements 310, 330, 340. Examples of such materials include ceramics, polyimide, polysulfone, silicone, and other materials that have the qualities that were described.
  • Element 340, is a conductor chosen from the metallic group of materials or conductive polymer materials. This element will be electrically connected to a source of energy that would be used to cut and cauterize tissue. There is an identical element to 340, identified as 341, which is located on the upper leaflet. Elements 340 and 341 could also be made out of a fiber optic that can be connected to a source of high power laser so the tissue is optically cut and cauterized as known in the art. When electrical energy applied to ablate and cauterize the tissue a radiofrequency generator might be utilized to supply the required energy to this element which would in turn conduct this energy through the tissue and by the virtue of ohmic resistance of the tissue heat the tissue up to very high temperature quickly and thereby vaporize the intervening tissue between elements 340 on the lower leaflet and element 341, its mating part on the upper leaflet, 341. In case of and RF energy source that is bipolar as known in the art, conduction of energy occurs between these two elements, the upper and lower leaflets (340, 341). One can also utilize a mono-polar source of RF energy, which would be connected to both elements 340, 341 with a single wire and would require a reference patch at a remote location on the patient's body to complete the circuit.
  • Element 350 identifies an insulator which could be made out of hard foam, silicone, cork, acrylic, 335 polycarbonate and similar materials. Element 340 is a conductive metallic structure that has a sharp tip in the direction of the opposite leaflet. Element 330 is the insulator as described previously.
  • FIG. 3B shows the current invention with both leaflets 310 and 311 in the open position. The sheath 360 is connected to these leaflets through the hinges and arms as previously described.
  • FIG. 3C one can see both leaflets in a closed position. The conductive elements 340 and 341 are contiguous or adjacent with very close proximity. Elements 350 and 351 show the insulating material as described the benefit of this insulating material is evident in this figure in as much as they prevent premature contact of the two blades when the energy source is of a Bipolar nature and also they limit the size of the tissue that is resected with each closure of the leaflets.
  • FIG. 4C shows the device of the current invention incorporating irrigation and aspiration. Lumen 420 carries the irrigating fluid to the source outside the device at an appropriate pressure to the opening 430 where the irrigating fluid exits and through the inner tube 412 is aspirated. The arrow 440 shows the direction of the flow of the irrigating fluid.
  • FIG. 4D shows another embodiment of the current invention incorporating fluid irrigation where the path of the fluid is between openings 430 and 431 carried by lumens 420 and 421. Arrow 440 shows the direction of the flow of the fluid between openings 430 and 431. This embodiment of the current invention will provide the benefit of clearing of the operating area from blood and debris with a fluid flow path that extends beyond the distal end of the device.
  • FIG. 5A shows yet another embodiment of the subject invention with a plurality of leaflets which is comprised of 6 leaflets in this embodiment. This embodiment also incorporate an opening 590 which when the leaflets are in the closed position to provide a path to follow a guide wire that may have been inserted through the path of the interest to make it easier for this embodiment of the device to navigate through the tissue to the target.
  • FIG. 5B shows the device of the FIG. 5A in an open position. The mechanism of opening of each of these leaflets can be inferred from FIG. 1C.
  • FIG. 5C shows the device in a completely open position accentuating the fact that the main lumen of the device 580 is unobstructed and fully available for passing of the tools of interest.
  • FIG. 6, A through C show a device for actuation of the subject invention which includes a handle 610, a trigger 620, a shaft 630 a flexible section 640, and a distal end effector 650. Figures A through C show the sequential movement of the trigger 620 and the opening of the end effector 650 further and further with the gradually increasing pressure applied to the trigger 620. As this increasing pressure is being applied, where the trigger moves between positions 1, 2, and 3 the distal multi leaflet structure opens wider and wider. Outer tube 660 contains an inner flexible tube 612, which is shown in FIG. 6D in the cross sectional, view. Tube 612 is flexible enough to follow the flexible section, 640 of this device.
  • FIG. 6D shows the relationship of the outer tube 660 and the inner tube 612. The tube 612 and 660 are chosen such that the inner diameter of the tube 660 closely matches the outer diameter of the flexible tube 612 in order to prevent undesirable movement from tube 612 while maintaining a small gap to allow relative longitudinal motion between these tubes.
  • FIG. 7A shows another embodiment of the subject invention where the device is constructed of a metallic or hard polymer to allow it to puncture the skin of an individual. The lower leaflet of the device 700, which is identified 710, is made rigid to have high column strength in order to make it easier to penetrate the skin like a common hypodermic needle. The upper leaflet 711 is hinged to the body of the device.
  • FIG. 7B shows the position of the camera within the upper leaflet 711 of the device.
  • FIG. 7C shows the device 700 with a leaflet separated and camera 712 can be seen in a position where the field of view is looking forward at the field of interest.
  • FIG. 7D shows the device 700 from a frontal point of view and as with the previous described devices the lumen 790 is unobstructed and fully available for the insertion of tools, fluids or performing aspiration.
  • FIG. 8A shows yet another embodiment of the present invention 800 where the removal of the resected tissue segment 820 is assisted by the use of high pressure fluid in two streams of 840 and 841 that are carried to a region near the distal end of the device and once the leaflet 810 and 811 come together and form a seal as in FIG. 8B they induce pressure where they push the resected tissue segment 820 back into the tube 860 and pushes it all the way out of this tube into the proximal section of the tube outside the body of the patient.
  • FIG. 9 shows another embodiment of this invention where morcellator 970 assists in the removal of the tissue by breaking it up into small pieces and thereby allowing it to be removed by vacuum applied at the proximal end of the tube 960 and prevents the clogging of the tube by a large piece of tissue.
  • FIG. 10 shows another embodiment of the present invention whereby two jets of high pressure fluid 1040 and 1041 exit a region near the tip of the device through ports 1030 and 1031 which are unitary with leaflets 1010 and 1011. Fluid jet 1040 and 1041 exit ports 1030 and 1031 at high velocities enabling the device to perform hydro dissection as known in the art. These jets of fluid can be applied in either open or closed positions of the leaflets.

Claims (1)

What is claimed is:
1. A surgical device comprising:
an elongate structure comprising a distal end, a proximal end, and a central lumen;
an expandable space-creating structure mounted in the vicinity of the distal end and configured for placement within a mammalian body proximate to a therapeutic target;
a proximal terminal comprising an actuator mounted in the vicinity of the proximal end and configured to remain outside of said body and provide an actuation mechanism for actuating the space-creating structure; and,
at least one fluid connector, whereby said expandable structure comprises at least one expandable leaflet and said central lumen is in fluid communication between an interior of the expandable space-creating structure and the at least one fluid connector.
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