US20140142568A1 - Elongated electrosurgical instrument, a suction tip for the electrosurgical instrument and method of adjusting the axial position of the suction tip on the electrosurgical instrument - Google Patents

Elongated electrosurgical instrument, a suction tip for the electrosurgical instrument and method of adjusting the axial position of the suction tip on the electrosurgical instrument Download PDF

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Publication number
US20140142568A1
US20140142568A1 US14/129,907 US201114129907A US2014142568A1 US 20140142568 A1 US20140142568 A1 US 20140142568A1 US 201114129907 A US201114129907 A US 201114129907A US 2014142568 A1 US2014142568 A1 US 2014142568A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
suction
means
main body
tip
electrosurgical instrument
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Abandoned
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US14/129,907
Inventor
Frederic Bernard
Niels Kornerup
Jesper Schantz Simonsen
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Stryker European Holdings I LLC
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SafeAir AG
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Priority to DKPA201100482 priority Critical
Priority to DKPA201100482 priority
Application filed by SafeAir AG filed Critical SafeAir AG
Priority to PCT/DK2011/050299 priority patent/WO2013000464A1/en
Assigned to KEBOMED AG reassignment KEBOMED AG ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: BERNARD, FREDERIC, KORNERUP, NIELS, SIMONSEN, JESPER SCHANTZ
Assigned to SAFEAIR AG reassignment SAFEAIR AG ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: KEBOMED AG
Publication of US20140142568A1 publication Critical patent/US20140142568A1/en
Assigned to STRYKER EUROPEAN HOLDINGS I, LLC reassignment STRYKER EUROPEAN HOLDINGS I, LLC ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: SAFEAIR AG
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B18/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating
    • A61B18/08Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating by means of electrically-heated probes
    • A61B18/082Probes or electrodes therefor
    • A61B18/085Forceps, scissors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B18/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating
    • A61B18/08Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating by means of electrically-heated probes
    • A61B18/10Power sources therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B18/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating
    • A61B18/12Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating by passing a current through the tissue to be heated, e.g. high-frequency current
    • A61B18/1206Generators therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B18/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating
    • A61B18/12Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating by passing a current through the tissue to be heated, e.g. high-frequency current
    • A61B18/14Probes or electrodes therefor
    • A61B18/1402Probes for open surgery
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B18/18Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by applying electromagnetic radiation, e.g. microwaves
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H23/00Tumbler or rocker switches, i.e. switches characterised by being operated by rocking an operating member in the form of a rocker button
    • H01H23/02Details
    • H01H23/04Cases; Covers
    • H01H23/06Dustproof, splashproof, drip-proof, waterproof, or flameproof casings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B2018/00053Mechanical features of the instrument of device
    • A61B2018/00172Connectors and adapters therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B2018/0091Handpieces of the surgical instrument or device
    • A61B2018/00916Handpieces of the surgical instrument or device with means for switching or controlling the main function of the instrument or device
    • A61B2018/00922Handpieces of the surgical instrument or device with means for switching or controlling the main function of the instrument or device by switching or controlling the treatment energy directly within the hand-piece
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B2018/0091Handpieces of the surgical instrument or device
    • A61B2018/00916Handpieces of the surgical instrument or device with means for switching or controlling the main function of the instrument or device
    • A61B2018/0094Types of switches or controllers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B2018/0091Handpieces of the surgical instrument or device
    • A61B2018/00916Handpieces of the surgical instrument or device with means for switching or controlling the main function of the instrument or device
    • A61B2018/00958Handpieces of the surgical instrument or device with means for switching or controlling the main function of the instrument or device for switching between different working modes of the main function
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B2218/00Details of surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B2218/001Details of surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body having means for irrigation and/or aspiration of substances to and/or from the surgical site
    • A61B2218/007Aspiration
    • A61B2218/008Aspiration for smoke evacuation

Abstract

An elongated electrosurgical instrument (1) serves to at least cutting tissue of a patient during surgery by application of electrical energy supplied from an electrosurgical generator to a surgical site. The electrosurgical instrument has a hollow elongated main body (2) with an electrode means (3). Suction means comprises a suction channel (27) extending inside the hollow elongated main body (2), a first suction port (40) arranged facing the first means (3), a second suction port (41) provided with a suction tubing (11) in communication with the vacuum source, and a suction tip (6). The suction tip (6) has a coupling end part (76) that has a first engagement means (78) for engagement with a second engagement (25) means provided on the hollow elongated main body (2). The first engagement means (78) and the second engagement means (25) are configured so that an axial position of the suction tip (6) in relation to the first means (3) is adjustable in response to movement of the suction tip (6) about and/or along a longitudinal axis (A) of said suction tip (6). The invention provides the possibility of combining separate components into plural different electrosurgical instruments and thus offers the surgeon a hitherto unknown possibility of creating his/her favourite tool with excellent suction properties.

Description

  • The present invention relates to an elongated electrosurgical instrument comprising
      • a first means for at least cutting tissue of a patient during surgery by application of electrical energy supplied from an electrosurgical generator to a surgical site,
      • a hollow elongated main body having a first end and an opposite second end, which first end has a first opening through which the first means protrudes, and which second end is configured for being electrically coupled to the electrosurgical generator and a vacuum source,
      • a suction means for removing at least smoke from the surgical site,
      • the suction means comprises a suction channel extending inside the hollow elongated main body, a first suction port arranged facing the first means, a second suction port provided with a suction tubing in communication with the vacuum source, and a suction tip provided in elongation of the first end of the hollow elongated main body.
  • Most conventional electrosurgical instruments have either an integral tapering suction channel of fixed length or has a detachable suction shroud with a tapering snout of fixed length. The surgeon has no way of controlling how much of the electrosurgical electrode he/she wants that protrudes from the suction tip.
  • In electrosurgery high frequency (radio-frequency) current is applied by an active electrosurgical electrode to cause a cutting action, hemostasis, or coagulation of bleeding tissue. This procedure produces smoke and coagula resulting in a decreased visibility of the operative field. Electrosurgical smoke plume in high concentrations is considered hazardous and causes health care problems. Thus the reasons for facilitating effective and instantaneously evacuation of such side products are numerous and various approaches have been suggested to remedy the problems.
  • Thus there remains a need within the art for effective suction properties when using electrosurgical instruments during surgery.
  • From British patent application no. GB 2311225 is known an electrode and nozzle combination for transporting and delivering ionizable gas, such as argon, to a tip on an electrosurgical instrument for gas-enhanced electrosurgery. The nozzle has a shroud that surrounds the electrode along its length and leaves the proximal and distal ends of the electrode exposed. The volume of the chamber in which gas is ionised and the position where the gas is supplied for ionising in relation to the electrode must remain substantially unchanged during surgery so that the ionising process can be kept under control. The position of the suction tip is therefore fixed.
  • U.S. Pat. No. 5,496,314 discloses an endoscopic probe with a tubular shroud slidably disposed on it. An indexing sleeve extends from in front of a bonnet on the probe shaft opposite the probe tip and surrounds the tubular shroud in frictional engagement so that the shroud can be extended in the distal direction to encircle and cover more or less of the probe tip, and so as to enable the surgeon to position and manipulate the probe at the surgical site to provide suction or irrigation without concern that the probe tip might inadvertently snag or cut the tissue. The advancing and withdrawal of the shroud is cumbersome and course due to the frictional engagement and the technology is merely intended used between the extreme positions of the shroud and thus does not avail the surgeon the possibility fine adjustment of suction tip position.
  • Thus there remains a need within the art for improving suction properties for electrosurgical cutting instruments and for more versatile and flexible adjustment of electrode tip position in relation to the tip of a co-operating electrosurgical electrode.
  • The present invention aims to provide such electrosurgical instrument and suction tip.
  • Accordingly, it is a main aspect of the present invention to provide an electrosurgical instrument of the kind mentioned in the opening paragraph, which has versatile, flexible and effective suction and evacuation properties for both smoke, liquid and/or more or less homogeneous suspensions of liquid/solid matter.
  • It is a second aspect of the present invention to provide an inexpensive electrosurgical instrument of the kind mentioned in the opening paragraph.
  • It is a third aspect of the present invention to provide an electrosurgical instrument of the kind mentioned in the opening paragraph, which electrosurgical instrument has an ergonomic design, and does not require use of a detachable suction channel for evacuation of matter from a surgical site.
  • It is a fourth aspect of the present invention to provide an electrosurgical instrument of the kind mentioned in the opening paragraph, which allows the user a high degree of freedom to adjust the axial position of a suction opening distance in relation to a conductive electrode means first means.
  • It is a fifth aspect of the present invention to provide an electrosurgical instrument with high flow rate through the entire suction channel.
  • It is a sixth aspect of the present invention to provide a suction tip for an electrosurgical instrument, including but not limited to an electrosurgical instrument of the kind mentioned in the opening paragraph, which suction tip contributes in achieving the above aspects.
  • The novel and unique features whereby these and other aspects are achieved according to the present invention consist in that the suction tip has a coupling end part opposite a suction opening, said coupling end part has a first engagement means for engagement with a second engagement means provided on the hollow elongated main body, which first engagement means and second engagement means are configured so that an axial position of the suction tip in relation to the first means is adjustable in response to movement of the suction tip about and/or along a longitudinal axis of said suction tip.
  • Depending on how much of the first means that is beneficial to expose from the suction tip for various patients, under various surgical conditions and for various circumstances and situations, the surgeon may benefit from a means to adjust the longitudinal position of the suction tip in relation to the longitudinal axis of the hollow elongated main body, and thus in relation to the first means that is arranged in a substantially fixed axial position, e.g. in a holder of the hollow elongated main body. The first and second engagement means confer this option to the surgeon, who e.g. can choose an initial rough adjusting of the axial position of the suction opening of the suction tip in relation to the first means, simply by displacing the first engagement means axially on the second engagement means. If desired, subsequently a fine adjusting of said position can be made by slightly rotating the suction tip a fraction of a turn or as many turns as desired about the longitudinal axes of the suction tip until the position of the tip opening is exactly as desired. Fine adjusting can be done during the actual surgery without removing the electrosurgical instrument from the surgical site. The surgeon only needs to rotate the suction tip slightly using e.g. the index finger and thumb to grasp said suction tip and rotate as much as desired.
  • The second engagement means may advantageously be provided on the first end of the hollow elongated main body proximal to the first suction port to ensure that the suction tip can be mounted to cover said first suction port completely and in a manner so that the high level of adjustability of axial position of the suction tip is not reduced or compromised, and so that as much of the axial lengths of the first engagement means and the second engagement means remain at the surgeon's full disposal.
  • The second engagement means may advantageously be an exterior thread, or at least one bead or projection provided on the first end of the hollow elongated main body proximal to the first suction port, optionally several circumferential beads or projections.
  • In a preferred embodiment the first suction port can thus be located distal to the second engagement means and proximal to the first opening of the hollow elongated main body. In this embodiment it is always ensured that both the first means, that extends inside the suction tip, and the first suction port can maintain encircled by the suction tip in a manner that still offers adjustability without the suction tip tends to fall off and uncover the first suction port.
  • Safe and reliable attachment of the suction tip on the hollow elongated main body to cover the first suction port can be obtained by providing the first suction port closer to the second engagement means than to the first opening of the hollow elongated main body. The second engagement means can for example have an axial length corresponding to at least half the axial length of the coupling end part.
  • The first engagement means may advantageously be provided on an interior side of a circumferential coupling wall of the coupling end part and protrude inside the bore of the coupling end part. In a length-adjustable embodiment of the suction tip, the suction tip may e.g. be provided with a first engagement means in form of an internally radiating means for adjusting the longitudinal position of a suction opening of the suction tip in relation to the longitudinal axes of the hollow elongated main body and the first means, which internally radiating means may engage complementary shaped second engagement means on the exterior surface of the hollow elongated main body.
  • The first engagement means can e.g. be selected from the group comprising an interior thread, at least one annular bead, one or more spaced apart engagement elements, or combinations of the aforementioned.
  • Irrespective of what shape and design the first engagement means has, the second engagement means must have a suitable complementary shape so that firm, as well as adjustable, engagement can take place.
  • The first engagement means may, if expediently, be configured as the second engagement means and vice versa.
  • The engagement of the first engagement means and the second engagement means can in an advantageous embodiment be tactile and/or audible to further aid the surgeon when displacing the suction tube. The surgeon is also able to ascertain that the chosen position is secured and that the suction tip is not pushed too much forward so that it drop off. Tactile and audible properties can e.g. be due to the shape, location and dimension of the first engagement means and the second engagement means.
  • The coupling end part of the suction tip may extend into a suction end part including the suction opening, which suction opening encircles the tip of the first means to ensure instant suction from the surgical site close to where the first means is being operated and produces side product.
  • If at least a section of the suction end part tapers towards the suction opening the suction tip may serve as a nozzle with increased suction rate and flow rate, however to avoid clotting of the suction tip it may be preferred that the suction tip taper more at the most distal end of the suction end part than at an intermediate suction part of the suction tip and than at the coupling end.
  • In one preferred embodiment the suction end part of the suction tip has a tubular, non-tapering mouth. This design has turned out to create even greater suction properties. The tubular mouth serves as a nozzle that provides a high suction capacity at the suction opening and the increasing diameter of the suction provides high flow velocity. A steady but fast straight flow can be obtained through the tubular, non-tapering mouth, which straight flow may turn more or less into a more turbulent flow, depending on e.g. the composition of sucked matter, once such sucked matter exits the tubular, non-tapering mouth and passes further into the suction tip towards its coupling end. The straight flow may in one flow situation be substantially laminar.
  • By providing the suction opening of the suction tip with a flared skirt part, the suction opening is given a trumpet-shape and can provide suction from a larger area than if no flared skirt part is provided. Moreover, the flared skirt part serves as a guide surface into the suction tip for matter that needs to be aspirated. A further advantage is that the enlarged area of the flared skirt part serves as a small shield towards the surgeon's field of vision when the cells burst during the electrosurgical cutting.
  • The elongated hollow main body may have a stop element for stopping axial displacement beyond said stop element of the suction tip towards the second end of the hollow elongated main body. The stop element expediently serves to keep the suction tip positioned correctly in order not to be pushed against the actuator and the switch means, at the risk that the actuator gets actuated unintentionally and energy supplied to the patient at moments where it should not have been.
  • Suction tips of different designs and of preference for a given surgical procedure can be mounted covering the first suction port if the suction tip is detachable mounted on the first end of the hollow elongated main body of the electrosurgical instrument.
  • More or less of the suction tip may be made of a transparent material so that the surgeon better can monitor the effect of voltage application by the first means as well see if and how waste is evacuated from the surgical site.
  • Preferably, at least a tip part of the suction end part is transparent, however more preferred the entire suction end part, including an intermediate suction part, could be transparent.
  • Another advantageous feature, which the suction tip can have, is exterior tactile means, so that the surgeon can locate, confirm and adjust the suction tip as well as relate to its position on the hollow elongated main body without actually seeing the suction tip. When doing so it is important that the first means is firmly positioned and secured to the hollow elongated main body so that the first means does not detach or gets loose if it is accidentally hit during manipulation of the suction tip.
  • The first engagement means, the second engagement means, the stop element, the transparency and the exterior tactile means may all contribute to ensure the correct position of the suction tip both angularly and axially in relation to the first means and the hollow elongated main body. The first means can be kept with its suction opening surrounding, e.g. substantially concentric, the first means, and mounted sealingly over the suction port of the suction channel of the hollow elongated main body. Thus, also the risk that a heated first means accidentally hits the circumferential wall of the suction tip, which wall could become damaged due to spots on said wall melts, can be avoided even though the suction tip not is an integral part of the hollow elongated main body.
  • The invention also relates to a suction tip adapted to be mounted on an electrosurgical instrument and the advantages and properties are the same as described above.
  • The suction tip is particularly suited for use with an electrosurgical instrument of the kind that comprises
      • a first means for at least cutting tissue of a patient during surgery by application of electrical energy supplied from an electrosurgical generator to a surgical site,
      • a hollow elongated main body having a first end and a second opposite end, which first end has a first opening through which the first means protrudes, and which second end is configured for being electrically coupled to the electrosurgical generator and a vacuum source,
      • a suction means for removing at least smoke from the surgical site,
      • the suction means comprises a suction channel extending inside the hollow elongated main body, a first suction port arranged facing the first means, and a second suction port provided with a suction tubing in communication with the vacuum source,
      • the suction tip is provided in elongation of the first end of the hollow elongated main body, the suction tip has a suction opening opposite a coupling end part,
      • the coupling end part has a first engagement means for engagement with a second engagement means provided on the first end of the hollow elongated main body, which first engagement means and second engagement means are configured so that
      • an axial position of the suction tip in relation to the first means is adjustable in response to movement of the suction tip about and/or along a longitudinal axis of said suction tip.
  • Emphasise is made that the suction tip is not solely for use with an electrosurgical instrument of the above kind. It can be used on any suction instrument, provided said suction instrument has suitable second engagement means. A tubular tip mouth and/or a flared skirt can be provided at the suction opening of any terminal free end of a suction channel.
  • The first engagement means may advantageously be provided on an interior side of a circumferential coupling wall of the coupling end part and protrude inside the bore of said coupling end part to facilitate prompt and effective engagement.
  • Suitable first engagement means can be selected from the group comprising an interior thread, at least one annular bead, one or more spaced apart engagement element, or combinations of the aforementioned, but this list should not be seen as exhaustive and other kinds of first engagement means are contemplated within the scope of the present invention.
  • As described above in relation to the electrosurgical instrument the first engagement means can be configured for engaging a second engagement means provided on the first end of the hollow elongated main body of the electrosurgical instrument proximal to the first suction port.
  • The second engagement means can e.g. be an exterior thread, circumferential beads or projections provided on the first end of the hollow elongated main body proximal to the first suction port.
  • The first engagement means can be configured as the second engagement means and vice versa. The main and most important criteria for design of the first engagement means and the second engagement means is that the first engagement means and the second engagement means are designed so that they can mate firmly, and that engagement is reliable while it still remains possible to move the suction tip about and/or along a longitudinal axis of said suction tip without hindrances.
  • The coupling end part of the suction tip may extend into a suction end part including the suction opening, which suction end part may include a part that is seen as an intermediate suction part in immediate extension of the coupling end part.
  • It is preferred that least a section of the suction end part tapers towards the suction opening, preferably at least the section of the suction end part distal to the intermediate suction part tapers.
  • Experiments have shown that a tubular, non-tapering mouth at the free end of the suction end part of the suction tip confers enhanced suction properties, including a straight flow through the mouth. Suction velocity through the tubular, non-tapering mouth is higher than through the remaining part of the suction tip, and because the mouth opens into an increasingly larger diameter of the suction end part, where suction pressure becomes increasingly higher, more or less solid matter such as clots and tissue fragments does not gets stucked at the mouth.
  • In a second embodiment of the suction tip according to the present invention the suction opening of the suction tip has a flared skirt part. The flared skirt part may be in extension of a tubular, non-tapering mouth, if preferred. The flow velocity at the larger diameter of the flared skirt part is lower than through the restriction constituted by the suction opening and optionally also through the tubular, non-tapering mouth. By using an embodiment with a flared skirt part the surgeon is able to cover a very large suction area around the tip of the first means.
  • For some surgical procedures the surgeon may prefer that the suction opening is very close to the tip of the first means and for other surgical procedures remoter from the tip of the first means. To that aspect the axial displacement made possible by the provision of the first engagement means and the second engagement means may be sufficient, but the surgeon may prefer in addition to use a longer or shorter suction tip or use no suction tip at all. To that aspect the suction tip can be detachable mounted on the first end of the hollow elongated main body of the electrosurgical instrument, and suction tips be available with various lengths and cross-sections.
  • Accordingly, an electrosurgical instrument may be provided by the manufacturer with more than one suction tip, such as suction tips with different lengths, degree of tapering, transparent sections and designs of mouths and flared skirts.
  • For example at least a tip part of the suction end part can be made transparent, but preferably the entire suction end part is transparent to allow the surgeon better to monitor the suction progress and process.
  • In a preferred embodiment the coupling end part of the suction tip has exterior tactile means so that the surgeon easily can locate the suction tip when the axial position needs adjusting.
  • The invention further relates to a method of adjusting the axial position of a suction tip as defined above on an electrosurgical instrument as defined above. The method comprises an initial step of placing the first means through the suction tip and mounting the coupling end part on the first end of the hollow elongated main body to cover the suction port of the suction channel.
  • The method may further comprise at least one of the steps of
      • applying an axial force to the suction tip to engage the first engagement means and the second engagement means, or
      • rotating the suction tip about the longitudinal axis of the suction tip to engage the first engagement means and the second engagement means, or
      • combination of application of an axial force or rotating the suction tip.
  • If the obtained axial position of the suction tip on the hollow elongated main body turns out not to be exactly as the surgeon wishes, the surgeon may need to modify and adjust the position during surgery by subsequent application of the axial force or by rotating the suction tip, or both. These movements can just be repeated until the axial position of the suction opening is as desired. By doing so the axial position of the suction opening can be adjusted in relation to the tip of the first means, so that the electrosurgical instrument can perform optimal at a given surgical operation. The suction tip can even be extended to completely cover the tip of the first means, in which case the electrosurgical instrument can be used just for aspirating and evacuation of matter from the surgical site.
  • The invention further relates to an assembly kit for an electrosurgical instrument according to any of the preceding claims, the kit comprises at least
      • the hollow elongated main body as defined in any of the preceding claims,
      • a first means for cutting and/or coagulation of tissue,
      • at least one suction tip,
      • at least one suction tubing, as defined in any of the preceding claims,
      • at least one first coupling part for securing the suction tubing to the second end of the hollow elongated main body, and
      • at least one second coupling part for connecting the suction tubing to the electrosurgical generator.
  • The hollow elongated main body may include the switch means and an actuator as described below.
  • A switch means suited for use in the electrosurgical instrument according to the present invention is disclosed in the applicant's co-pending international patent application entitled “An elongated electrosurgical instrument and a switch means for said instrument”.
  • A first means suited for use in the electrosurgical instrument according to the present invention is disclosed in the applicant's co-pending international patent application entitled “An electrosurgical instrument and electrosurgical conductive electrode for use with the instrument”.
  • A click-in coupling means and various kit assemblies suited for use in the electrosurgical instrument according to the present invention is disclosed in the applicant's co-pending international patent application entitled “A coupling means connecting an electrosurgical instrument to a vacuum source, an electrosurgical instrument provided with the coupling means, a kit including the coupling means and their uses”.
  • The disclosures of the switch means, the first means, and the click-in coupling means made in the above international patent applications, including their special design features, functions and uses, are contemplated used in the present invention and incorporated by references.
  • FIG. 1 shows a perspective top view of a first embodiment of an elongated electrosurgical instrument according to the present invention,
  • FIG. 2 shows the elongated main body, the first means, and the switch means in an exploded, enlarged scale perspective view,
  • FIG. 3 shows the tubular part of the first embodiment shown in FIG. 1 in a perspective view seen from below,
  • FIG. 4 is a sectional view of the elongated main body shown in FIG. 1 taken along line IV-IV illustrating the joining of the tubular part and the cover part, but without the cable,
  • FIG. 5 shows an exploded, perspective view of the switch means and a fragment of an associated cable,
  • FIG. 6 shows an enlarged scale view of the switch means in assembled state with an actuator arranged above,
  • FIG. 7 shows a perspective view seen inside the cavity of the cover part, wherein the switch means and the first means has been inserted,
  • FIG. 8 is a top view of the cover part,
  • FIG. 9 is a view inside the elongated cavity of the cover part provided with the actuator,
  • FIG. 10 shows the cover part seen from the side,
  • FIG. 11 is a fragmentary, enlarged scale view of the first end of the tubular part encircled in FIG. 2,
  • FIG. 12 is an axial sectional view taken along line XII-XII in FIG. 11,
  • FIG. 13 shows the tubular part seen through the first end of the elongated main body, and prior to inserting the first means,
  • FIG. 14 is an oblique, cross-sectional view taken along line XIV-XIV in FIG. 11 seen from the first end of the tubular part,
  • FIG. 15 is a perspective view of the suction tip in front of the elongated main body,
  • FIG. 16 is an end view of the suction tip seen inside the bore of the suction tip from the coupling end part,
  • FIG. 17 is an enlarged scale axial, sectional view of the front end of the tubular part provided with a suction tip,
  • FIG. 18 shows the elongated main body seen from the second end with a fragment of a cable,
  • FIG. 19 is a perspective view seen oblique from a first plug end part of a first embodiment of the first coupling part used in the electrosurgical instrument seen in FIG. 1,
  • FIG. 20 shows the same seen oblique from a second plug end part,
  • FIG. 21 shows the same mounted with cable and suction tubing,
  • FIG. 22 is a perspective view seen oblique from a first plug end part of a second embodiment of the first coupling part for use in an electrosurgical instrument according to the present invention,
  • FIG. 23 shows the same seen oblique from a second plug end part,
  • FIG. 24 shows the same mounted with cable and suction tubing,
  • FIG. 25 is a perspective view seen oblique from a first plug end part of a third embodiment of the first coupling part for use in an electrosurgical instrument according to the present invention,
  • FIG. 26 shows the same seen oblique from a second plug end part,
  • FIG. 27 shows the same mounted with a cable,
  • FIG. 28 is an oblique perspective view of the second coupling part seen from the end intended for being connected to the vacuum source,
  • FIG. 29 shows the same seen from the opposite end for being connected to the second end of the suction tubing,
  • FIG. 30 shows a modification of the second coupling seen in the same view as in FIG. 29,
  • FIG. 31 shows a second embodiment of an actuator for use with the present invention, and
  • FIG. 32 shows the actuator seen directly from a short side, to illustrate the stems of the actuator buttons.
  • The electrosurgical instrument and switch means according to the present invention is described in more details below by way of exemplary embodiments. The electrosurgical instrument and switch means are versatile and the components of the electrosurgical instrument and switch means can be combined into a plurality of electrosurgical instrument having different properties, functionalities and designs.
  • Below selected embodiments are described as examples only, of the many ways the components can be combined into various electrosurgical instruments for various purposes. Functionality and design of the electrosurgical instrument can be changed either at the manufacturing stage or by the surgeon in advance of or in relation to the surgical procedure, as will be understood by the following description. Thus electrosurgical instruments comprising other combinations and arrangements of the inventive components, such as e.g. actuators, first and second coupling parts, providing the cable for connecting to the electrosurgical generator outside and/or inside the suction tubing, kinds of electrodes, and shapes of the elongated main body, and how these components are combined are also intended within the scope of the present invention.
  • Thus the electrosurgical instrument according to the present invention may be provided to the consumer as a kit including various components to be assembled as desired, e.g. various electrosurgical electrodes, first and/or second coupling parts and tubings of various lengths and properties, to be mounted to the elongated main body according to the surgeons choice and surgical requirements for a given surgical procedure. The surgeon is able to modify the inventive electrosurgical instrument when desired and to compose exactly the instrument he/she prefers for a given surgical patient and medical condition.
  • FIG. 1 shows a perspective view, seen from an actuator side, of a first embodiment of an elongated electrosurgical instrument 1 according to the present invention. The electrosurgical instrument 1 is of the kind configured for at least cutting and coagulating tissue of a patient during surgery by application of electrical energy supplied from an electrosurgical generator (not shown) to a surgical site (not shown).
  • The electrosurgical instrument 1 comprises a hollow elongated main body 2, a first means 3 in the form of a blade electrode 3, an actuator 4 for manual application of a force to a switch means 5 below the actuator 4, which switch means 5 is incorporated inside the elongated main body 2 and thus not visible in FIG. 1. A suction tip 6 is mounted at a first end 7 of the elongated main body 2 to surround the blade electrode 3 as well as a first suction port 40 (not visible in FIG. 1). A first embodiment of a first coupling part 8 is inserted into a second end 9 of the elongated main body 2 opposite the first end 7, which first coupling part 8 serves as an intermediate member for connecting the second end 9 of the elongated main body 2 to a first end 10 of a flexible suction tubing 11, in the present case e.g. of disposable transparent plastic material. A cable 12 is connected to the switch means 5 to deliver current from an electrosurgical generator (not shown) to the blade electrode 3 in response to actuation of the actuator 4. A logo may be provided on the elongated main body 2, as well as other kinds of decoration and information can be provided on the exterior surface of the elongated main body.
  • In the present embodiment of the electrosurgical instrument 1 the cable 12 extends inside the suction tubing 11 towards a second end 13 of the suction tubing 11, at which second end 13 a second coupling part 14 is mounted in order for said suction tubing 11 to be appropriately coupled to a vacuum source (not shown). In other embodiments the cable 12 can extend exterior to the suction tubing 11.
  • The structure and design of the elongated main body 2 is seen more clearly in the exploded, perspective, enlarged scale view of FIG. 2.
  • The first end 7 of the elongated main body 2 has a first opening 15 into which the first means 3, in the present case the blade electrode 3, can pass, to be mounted to the elongated main body 2, thus the combined tubular part 16 and cover part 17, in conductive communication with the switch means 5, optionally in a replaceable manner, so that the surgeon can arrange the angle of the blade electrode 3 in relation to the main body 2, as desired, or replace the blade electrode 3 with another kind of electrosurgical electrode.
  • The elongated main body 2 includes two main components, a tubular part 16 and a cover part 17 respectively, which parts 16,17 preferably are manufactured as individual parts which are joined, e.g. by heat sealing, in order to create the elongated main body 2, once all electrosurgical components relevant for the instrument's performance, such as switch means and wires, are mounted appropriately. The tubular part 16 and the cover part 17 may be manufactured by any suitable kind of moulding method and subsequently joined.
  • A wall 18 of the cover part 17 has a substantially semicircular cross-section for, inside the elongated main body 2, providing space for accommodating both the switch means 5 and at least the part of the actuator 4 that serves to engage said switch means 5. The actuator 4 protrudes only to a minimum extent beyond the outermost circumference of the wall 18 of the cover part 17, but sufficiently for the surgeon to be able to actuate the switch means 5 by using the actuator 4. The actuator 4 does not extend into the tubular part 16, which as will be described in further details later, defines a suction channel 27. In this way the overall exterior appearance of the first embodiment of the electrosurgical instrument 1 is kept elegant and slim in order not only to be easy to handle, but also to preserve a design of the electrosurgical instrument that allows said instrument to be introduced through a very small surgical incision, while at the same time obtaining an electrosurgical instrument with high suction efficiency. Other cross-sections of cover parts 17 may be appropriate too. The cover part 17 may thus be made without a perfect semicircular cross-section, e.g. be made more flat.
  • The wall 18 of the cover part 17 also has a first aperture part 19, through which a first actuator button 20 for application of a cutting voltage can pass in order to actuate the cutting mode of the switch means 5, and a second aperture part 21 through which a second actuator button 22 for application of a coagulation voltage can pass in order to actuate the switch means 5 in a coagulation mode of the switch means 5. An exterior side 23 of the wall 18 of the cover part 17 has protruding ribs 24, barbs or other tactile means adjacent the first aperture part 19 and the second aperture part 21. The ribs 24 extend along the longitudinal axis of the cover part 17 on both longitudinal sides of the actuator 4 in order for, on the one hand providing guidance to the surgeon for locating the actuator buttons 20,22, and on the other hand helping the surgeon to get a good hold on the elongated main body 2 during operating the electrosurgical instrument 1. Although preferred, grasping ribs 24, barbs or tactile means at the actuator's position on the main body 2 are optional.
  • At the first end 7 of the elongated main body 2, both the cover part 17 and the tubular part 16 have opposite facing similar circumferential engagement means 25, e.g. an external thread or spaced apart circumferentially protruding beads, for securing the suction tip 6 in adjustable manner in selected suction position in relation to the longitudinal axis of the elongated main body 2, as shown in FIG. 1. A stop web 26 defines an end position of the suction tip 6 on the elongated main body 2. Due to the stop web 26 the suction tip 6 cannot be accidentally pushed too far against the actuator 4 when adjusting the suction position of the suction tip 6. The closer the suction tip 6 gets to the stop web 26 the more of the first means, in the present case the blade electrode 3, is exposed from the suction tip 6. In this way the surgeon is able to choose the distance between the tip of the blade electrode and the suction opening of the suction tip.
  • The tubular part 16 constitutes a second elongated compartment 27 of the hollow elongated main body when the tubular part 16 is assembled with the cover part 17. The tubular part 16 has a substantially semi-circular exterior wall part 28, which circumferentially merges into an elongated wall part 29 having a substantially flat base 30. The base 30 of the wall part 29 becomes the partition wall 30 of the elongated main body 2 when assembled with the cover part 17. The wall part 29 seals the second compartment 27 from the surroundings to allow the second compartment 27 to serve as the suction channel 27.
  • The partition wall 30 has guide pins 31 projecting away from the suction channel 27, for arranging the switch means 5 in the correct position in relation to the elongated main body 2, e.g. as shown in FIG. 2, closer to the first end 7 of the elongated main body 2 than to the second end 9 of said elongated main body 2. A cable trap 32, defined by a tortuous path for the cable 12, is provided on the partition wall 30 between the second end 9 of the elongated main body 2 and the projecting guide pins 31 for the switch means 5. The cable trap 32 serves to secure the cable 12 firmly inside the electrosurgical instrument 1 to prevent it from being teared off so that electrical connection to the switch means 5 accidentally is lost, e.g. when the surgeon uses the electrosurgical instrument 1.
  • Between the guide pins 31 and the first end 7 of the elongated main body 2 the tubular part 16 has a holder 33 for securing the blade electrode 3, which blade electrode 3 has a conductive coupling rod 34 that extends into a conductive electrode tip part 35 via a conductive securing part 36. The conductive securing part 36 includes a first engagement part 37 of first pentagonal cross-section, which first engagement part 37 is provided opposite a coupling end 39 of the coupling rod 34. An insulation sleeve 36 a may extend axially over at least the part of the length of the securing part not including the first engagement part 37, but can also extend over the first engagement part 37, in which case the pentagonal circumference and thus the first pentagonal cross-section of the first engagement part is due to shaping of the insulation sleeve 36 a. Furthermore the securing part 36 may, as shown in FIG. 2 have a scale denominator or one or more indicator lines 36 b,36 c to help in achieving the correct axial position of the first means 3. As will be described later with reference to e.g. FIGS. 11-14, the holder 33 of the tubular body 16 is shaped complementary to at least a longitudinal section, including the first engagement part 37, of the blade electrode 3 in order to firmly secure the blade electrode 3 or other first means correct inside the holder 33. Thus the holder 33 defines a channel 71, as seen in FIGS. 11-14, with recesses and cavities that accommodate and secure different parts or longitudinal sections of a first means 3. Accordingly, the holder 33 has a second engagement part 38 with a bore with an interior second pentagonal cross-section for engaging the first engagement part 37 of the blade electrode 3 or other first means, which first engagement part 37 has a mating first pentagonal cross-section. Thus, the first engagement part 37 and the hollow second engagement part 38 are dimensioned to mate so intimately that the orientation of the first means 3 maintains fixed during operation of the electrosurgical instrument 1. In case the electrosurgical instrument 1 is intended for use with replaceable first means 3, said first means 3 can advantageously be detachably mounted in the holder 33, and detachably coupled to the switch means 5.
  • The tubular part 16 can advantageously be moulded as a unit piece including a.o. the exterior wall 28, partition wall 30, protruding guide pins 31, holder 33, exterior ribs 25, and cable trap 32.
  • As is seen more clearly in FIG. 3, the tubular part 16 has the first suction port 40 arranged facing the first means 3 opposite a second suction port 41 at the second end 9 of the elongated main body 2.
  • A switch means 5 to be provided on the partition wall 30 of the tubular part 16 of the elongated main body 2 is arranged for supplying the electrical energy to the first means 3 in response to operating the actuator 4 above the switch means 5.
  • The switch means 5 has a first electrical contact 42, another first electrical contact 43 out of physical contact with the first electrical contact 42, and a second electrical contact 44 superjacent the first electrical contacts 42,43. Thus there is a very small distance between the plane of the first electrical contacts 42,43 and the plan of the second electrical contact 44 in the assembled state of the switch means 5, which distance defines a gap into which an insulating insert 45 is provided to prevent unintended closure of circuits and diverted current flow.
  • The first electrical contact 42 is activated for application of a cutting voltage by means of the first actuator button 20, and the other first electrical contact 43 is activated for application of a coagulation voltage by means of the second actuator button 21. Both first electrical contacts 42,43, the second electrical contact 44, and the insulating insert 45 has holes 46 for receiving the protruding, confronting guide pin 31 on the partition wall 30.
  • In this way the switch means 5 can in a very simple and fast manner be built on the partition wall 30 by stacking the very few individual components of the switch means on top of each other on the partition wall 30, connecting the cable 12 appropriately to put the switch means 5 into electrical contact with the first means 3, and enclose the switch means 5 by putting the cover part 17 on top of the tubular part 16 to define a first compartment 59 a, as seen in FIGS. 4 and 18, where inside the first compartment 59 a the cable 12 for putting the switch means 5 and the first means 3 in electrical communication with the electrosurgical generator extends.
  • By proper dimensioning of the holes 46 in the electrical contacts 42,43,44 and the diameter of the guide pins 31 on the partition wall 30, individual distances between the first electrical contacts 42,43, and well-defined gaps between any of the first electrical contacts 42,43 and the second electrical contact 44 can be defined in a simple manner. Tapered guide pins 31 can e.g. only pass through the hole 46 just to the extent where the tapered guide pin's 31 diameter's and the hole's diameter's are the same. Simply by making larger holes 46 in the second electrical contact 44, said second electrical contact 44 is able to receive e.g. the full length of the guide pins 31, while smaller holes 46 in the first electrical contacts 42,43 serve to preserve the required insulation distance between any of the first electrical contacts 42,43 and the second electrical contact 44 without the absolute requirement of inserting the insulating insert 45, although such an insulation insert 45 is preferred in most embodiments. The lateral distance between the two first electrical contacts 42,43 is obtained by corresponding suitable allocation of the guide pins 31 across the partition wall 30.
  • FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along line IV-IV in FIG. 1 shown without the cable 12 or any other component inside the cover part 17 to better illustrate the size of the compartments. The suction channel 27 is the second compartment 27 of the tubular part 16, and the first compartment 59 a is created when a cavity 59 of the cover part 17 is placed arching the partition wall 30 of the tubular part 16. Due to the partition wall 30 all electronic components can be kept inside the first compartment 59 a isolated from the large suction flow pathway 27. The unobstructed large cross-section of the suction channel 27 provides a very high flow velocity and therefore confers high suction performance to the electrosurgical instrument according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 5 is an exploded perspective view of the switch means 5, which was shown in assembled state in FIG. 2, and is seen in the perspective view in FIG. 6 with the actuator arranged aligned above.
  • The first electrical contact 42 has a first main body part 47 configured as a first conductive sheet component 47, the other first electrical contact 43, i.e. the second first electrical contact 43 has a second first main body part 48 configured as a second first conductive sheet component 48. The second electrical contact 44 has a second main body part 50 configured as a second conductive sheet component 50. The second conductive sheet component 50 has an electrode contacting end 51 with an electrode connection terminal 52 for securing the first means 3, and an opposite cable connection end 53 with a third wire connection terminal 54. The electrode connection terminal 52 is configured as a clamp 52 to fittingly engage the conductive coupling rod 34 of the blade electrode 3. The conductive coupling rod 34 is inserted into the electrode connection terminal 52 of the second conductive sheet component to establish electrical contact to the conductive blade electrode tip 35. In the present embodiment the electrode connection terminal 52 is illustrated as a clamp, however other designs are foreseen within the scope of the present invention.
  • The third wire connection terminal 54 is used for securing a third 12 c of three wires of the cable 12 so that the correct voltage can be supplied to the first means 3 from an electrosurgical generator in response to a measurement of an electrical parameter representing an identification of which actuator buttons 20,22 that have been actuated. To that aspect the first 42 of the first electrical contacts 42,43 has a first wire connection terminal 55 for securing a first 12 a of three wires of the cable 12, and the second 43 of the first electrical contacts 42,43 has a second wire connection terminal 56 for securing a second 12 b of three wires of the cable 12. In the present case the cable 12 is a Schneider cable, where the conductor insulation is penetrated once the wire is introduced in a respective wire connection terminal.
  • The first conductive sheet component 47 of the first 42 of the first electrical contacts 42,43 has a raised or projecting contact part 57, and the second first conductive sheet component 48 of the second 43 of the first electrical contacts 42,43 has a raised or projecting contact part 58. The insulating insert 45 has actuating apertures 49 a,49 b, to allow passage of the aligned selected raised or projecting contact part 57,58 of the respective first electrical contacts 42,43 towards the second conductive sheet component 50 in response to a force application on the similarly aligned respective actuator button 20,21. When a raised or projecting contact part 57,58 touch the second conductive sheet component 50, a circuit is closed so that current of a voltage level related to the actuated actuator buttons 20,21 can flow from the electrosurgical generator to the conductive blade electrode 3 via the cable 12. No expensive optical switches or thick and complex PCB's are required. The use of simple, thin, substantially flat stacked conductive sheet components makes it possible to create a switch means 5 that appear considerable flatter than known switch means used in conventional electrosurgical instruments for similar purposes. The conductive sheets components 47,48,50 used in the inventive switch means 5 can easily be stamped, punched or cut from of thin plate, e.g. of metal. The holes for the guide pins and cutting of slits to make the raised parts can be made in the same process step. Wire connection terminals and the terminal for the first means can be made by subsequent or simultaneous bending or folding.
  • In the exemplary embodiment of the switch means 5 shown in FIGS. 2, 5 and 6 the first 42,43 electrical contacts have bended sides or walls, that facilitates fitting of the first electrical contacts 42,43 on the partition wall 30. Bended sides or walls are expedient when placing the sheet components on the partition wall, however not mandatory features of the first electrical contacts 42,43, but can if desired be made in the same bending process as the terminals 55,56. In case further electrical functionalities in addition to cutting and coagulation is desired implemented in the electrosurgical instrument 1 according to the present invention, more than two first electrical contacts can be included in the switch means 5, and the actuator 4 be adapted accordingly, at minimal further costs. For example, it is possible to make an electrosurgical instrument where the surgeon is able to switch between more that two voltage levels by using easy accessible buttons on the instrument instead of reaching to the electrosurgical generator simply by including an inexpensive further first electrical contact and wiring in the switch means, and corresponding actuator button.
  • In FIG. 6 the switch means 5 is illustrated with the actuator 4 arranged above so that the actuator buttons 20,21 are aligned with the raised or projecting parts 57,58.
  • FIG. 7 is a fragmentary perspective view inside the elongated opening or cavity 59 of the cover part 17 of the elongated main body 2. The switch means 5 is inserted in the cover part 17 and seen from a bottom side 60 of the second electrical contact 44. The electrode connecting terminal 52 protrudes towards the first end 7 of the elongated main body 2's cover part 17, and the coupling rod 34 of the blade electrode 3 is clamped into said electrode connecting terminal 52, while the remainder of the first means 3 extends through the holder 33 of the tubular part 16 when joined with the cover part. The switch means 5 is isolated from the suction channel and cannot get into contact with sucked matter from the surgical site. Appropriate sealing can e.g. be obtained by providing a sealing material 62 at a conductive transition 61 between the electrode connecting terminal 52 and the second conductive sheet component 50. The sealing material 62 can e.g. be provided during the process of heat-sealing the cover part 17 together with the tubular part 16. The sealing material 62 can also be provided as a transverse wall or a sealing part distal to or around e.g. the conductive transition 61. The insulation material 62 can be of the same or other plastic material as used for the elongated main body 2.
  • The cavity 59 of the cover part 17 has a first cable guide member 63 disposed a short distance from the second end 9 of the cover part 17 of the elongated main body 2. Proximal to the first cable guide member 63 said second end 9 is designed to receive the first coupling part 8 for providing communication to the vacuum source. In order for the cable 12 to pass smoothly without kinks inside the cover part 17 a second cable guide member 64 is made integral with the wall of the cover part 17 proximal to the first cable guide member 63. One or both of the cable guide members 63,64 can be left out if expedient or more cable guide members be included if necessary.
  • The elongated edges of the circumferential wall 18 of the cover part 17 has respective coupling webs 65 a,66 a to mate with complementary coupling webs 65 b,66 b, as seen in FIG. 2, on the tubular part 16 when tubular part 16 and cover part 17 are joined to create the double-lumened elongated main body. A plurality of distance members 67 is distributed inside the cavity 59 along the elongated sides to further serves to locate the tubular part 16 on the partition wall 30 correct, as well as to enforce the joined structure 16,17 and provide structural stability to the elongated main body 2.
  • An alternative method of joining the tubular part 16 and the cover part 17 could be gluing, however combinations of methods are within the scope of the present invention. Glue can be applied if considered expedient at any surfaces, such as e.g. at any of the coupling webs 65 a,66 a, the complementary coupling webs 65 b,66 b and the distance members 67.
  • FIG. 8 is a top view of the cover part 17. The actuator 4 is illustrated with different designs of actuator buttons 20,22. The differences in designs helps the surgeon to identify the correct button, and thus serves as a safety means for application either cutting voltage or coagulation voltage. The ribs 24 on both sides of the cover part 17's circumferential wall 18 next to the actuator 4 helps the surgeon to find and maintain the hand and fingers on the correct longitudinal position on the elongated main body 2. If the elongated main body 2 gets slippery the surface irregularities provided by the ribs 24 that are shaped substantially as barbs in the present embodiment prevents the surgeon from loosing his/her grip.
  • In the view of the cover part 17 seen in FIG. 9 the switch means has been left out, so that stems 68,69 of the first actuator button 20 and the second actuator button 22, respectively, can be seen. When the free ends of the stems 68,69 are forced towards the raised parts 57,58 of the first conductive sheets components 47,48 towards the second conductive sheet component 50 a circuit is closed and current allowed to flow to the first means, as previously described.
  • FIG. 10 shows the cover part seen from the side and how the stems 68,69 pass through respective first 19 and second 21 aperture halves. The very limited extent of projection of the actuator 4 from the wall 18 of the cover part 17 is due to the very flat switch means 5 that gives the electrosurgical instrument 1 a very streamlined appearance and small largest diameter. The actuator 4 is of the kind that has a common hinge 70 for the first actuator button 20 and the second actuator button 22, but other kinds of actuators having individual actuator buttons are also foreseen, as illustrated in FIGS. 30 and 31.
  • The first means 3 needs to be mounted or be mountable to the elongated main body in a safe manner. Longitudinal displacement or accidentally dropping out must be avoided, and the correct angular position in relation to the location of the actuator may be important to the surgeon. A hook electrode bent as an L must e.g. be positioned so that operating tip of the hook electrode faces towards the tissue when the surgeon holds the instrument in a manner that enables him/her also to operate the actuator, and thus to operate the switch means.
  • These problems are solved according to the present invention by providing a specially designed holder 33 at the first end 7 of the elongated main body 2.
  • FIG. 11 is a fragmentary, enlarged scale view of the first end 7 of the tubular part 16 encircled in FIG. 2.
  • The holder 33 has a holder body with a channel 71 for accommodating the blade electrode 3, and securing both the angular and axial position of said blade electrode 3 to the elongated main body 2. The second engagement part 38 of the holder 33 has an interior section crosswise the longitudinal axis of the channel of the holder. The second engagement part 38 has a second pentagonal cross-section sized to intimately engage the first pentagonal cross-section of the first engagement part 37 of the blade electrode 3. In case the electrosurgical instrument 1 is intended for use with replaceable first means 3, said first means 3 can advantageously be detachably mounted in the holder 33, thus also be detachably coupled to the switch means 5.
  • Each of the pentagonal cross-sections of blade electrode 3 and second engagement part 38 of holder 33, respectively, have five engaging edges thereby providing five potentially different positions and angular orientations into which a first means 3 can be placed and arranged. Conventionally first means 3 has first engagement parts 37 with hexagonal cross-section, and if the electrode tip 35 has a symmetrical design, such a conventional electrode tip can only be positioned and orientated in three different angular positions. Thus a pentagonal cross-section of the first engagement part confers more versatile positioning of in particular a first means with a symmetrical electrode tip, i.e. a symmetrical electrode tip part for cutting and coagulation of tissue.
  • Thus, the first engagement part 37 and the second engagement part 38 engage intimately so that the orientation of a first means 3, in this case the blade electrode 3, maintains firmly fixed during operation of the instrument. In contrast most engagement parts on conventional electrosurgical electrodes have six edges, thus they have hexagonal cross-sections. However, the more edges the more circular the cross-section becomes and the higher the risk that the electrosurgical electrode be dislocated during use, or is not placed correct during the assembling process, in particular gets angular dislocated. Engagement parts with less than five edges, e.g. having squared cross-sections, are less preferred due to the limited number of possible angular positions.
  • The conductive securing part 36 of the first means 3 includes the enveloping insulation sleeve 36 a that improves sealing and engagement at the first opening 15 of the tubular part when the conductive securing part 36 is fitted into the hollow socket 72 of the holder 33 distal to said second engagement part 38. The conductive securing part 36 with enveloping insulation sleeve 36 a has a larger cross-section or is wider than the second pentagonal cross-section of the second engagement part 38 of the holder 33, so that the securing part 36 with enveloping insulation sleeve 36 a can serve as a plug or stop in a socket to thereby prevent displacement of the first means 3 in relation to the longitudinal axis of the elongated main body 2 towards the second end 9 of said elongated main body 2 so that the switch means 5 gets damaged. In summary the arrangement of the securing part 36 with enveloping insulation sleeve 36 a and the socket 72 ensures the axial position and engagement of pentagonal part 37 of first means 3 and pentagonal part 38 of holder 33 in relation to each other. The pentagonal parts 38,37 of the holder 33 and first means 3, respectively, with pentagonal cross-sections serve to prevent any unintended angular dislocation or repositioning while still offering the possibility of deliberate, preselected, angular positioning of the first means 3. The holder 33 has an annular collar part 73 proximal to the pentagonal second engagement part 38 of holder and a hollow connection piece 74 proximal to the annular collar part 73. The hollow connection piece 74 extends with the bore of the hollow connection piece 74 on both sides of the annular collar part 73, through said annular collar part 73, into the pentagonal second engagement part 38 of holder 33, and ends in hollow socket 72 thereby creating channel 71, with the first opening 15 at the first end 7 of the elongated main body 2 and an opposite channel entry 75, through which the coupling rod 34 of the first means 3 protrudes for engaging the electrode connection terminal 52 of the switch means 5. The first end 7 of the elongated main body 2 tapers towards the hollow socket 72 and the holder 33 can be configured to extend above the plane of the partition wall 30 to an extent that allows the first means to protrude from the opening 15 substantially concentric with the suction opening 77, as seen in FIG. 15, of the suction tip, thus so that it is ensured that electrode tip part 35 and suction tip 6 does not contact.
  • FIG. 12 is a sectional view taken along line XII-XII in FIG. 11 to visualize the longitudinal channel 71 of the holder 33 that serves to accommodate and secure the first means 3. The second engagement part 38 of pentagonal cross-section appears proximal to annular socket 72 and distal to annular collar part 73.
  • FIG. 13 is a front view inside the channel 71, seen from the tapering, hollow, annular socket 72 of the tubular part 16, prior to inserting the first means 3. FIG. 14 shows substantially the same but is a cross-sectional view taken along line XIV-XIV in FIG. 11, distal to the first suction port 40 of the tubular part 16, but seen slightly oblique from the first end 7 of the tubular part 16, in order to better see the location of the pentagonal cross-section of the second engagement part 38 of the holder 33 inside channel 71.
  • The suction tip 6 is seen in perspective view in FIG. 15 in front of the first suction port 40 of the elongated main body 2, which elongated main body 2 includes joined cover part 17 and tubular part 16.
  • The suction tip 6 has a coupling end part 76 opposite the suction opening 77. The coupling end part 76 is dimensioned to fit sealingly over the first end 7 of the elongated main body 2 to cover the first suction port 40, optionally in detachable manner. The coupling end part 76 of the suction tip 6 has a first engagement means 78 for engagement with the second engagement means 25, the circumferential second engagement means 25, as an example in form of an exterior thread, on the first end 7 of the elongated main body 2 proximal to the first suction port 40. The first engagement means 78 and the second engagement means 25 are configured so that an axial position of the suction tip 6 in relation to the first means 3 is adjustable in response to movement of the suction tip 6 about and/or along a longitudinal axis A of said suction tip 6. In a preferred embodiment the suction tip 6 is transparent to allow the surgeon to monitor, not only adjusting axial location of suction tip 6 in relation to the blade electrode 3, but also to see composition of sucked matter at any convenient point of time during surgery.
  • The first engagement means 78 is provided on an interior side of a circumferential coupling wall 79 of the coupling end part 76 and protrudes radially inside a bore 80 of suction tip 6 at the coupling end part 76 in order to engage the second engagement means 25 of the elongated main body 2, as is seen more clearly in FIGS. 16 and 17. The first engagement means 78 can e.g. be an interior thread, at least one annular bead, one or more spaced apart engagement elements, or combinations of the aforementioned.
  • The coupling end part 76 of the suction tip 6 extends via an intermediate, optionally tapering, suction part 81 into a suction end part 82 part with a tubular, non-tapering mouth 83 that ends in the suction opening 77. Other designs or modifications of the mouth 83 are intended within the scope of the present invention. The mouth 83 can e.g. have a flared skirt part (not shown) to further improve turbulence at the suction opening 77 and through the suction channel 27 out of the second end 9 of the elongated main body 2. Regarding transparency, it is most preferred that at least the suction end part 82, the intermediate suction part 81 and the mouth 83 are made of a transparent material, e.g. a plastic material that can be recycled.
  • The coupling end part 76 of the suction tip 6 has exterior tactile means 84 to allow the surgeon to actually feel operation of the suction tip 6 when manipulating the axial position of the suction tip 6, should he/she suddenly discover that it would be better to expose more or less of the blade electrode part 35 from the suction opening 77 at a given moment during the surgical procedure, e.g. in order to change distance of mouth 83 to the wound created by the voltage applied by the blade electrode tip part 35. Thus, not only can the surgeon operate the actuator 4 with his/hers fingers without looking at the electrosurgical instrument 1, he/she can also make a qualified adjustment of the axial position of the suction tip 6 without actually being able to see what he/she is doing because he/she knows the position of the tactile means 84, e.g. one or more ribs, beads, corrugations, indents or other uneven surface topography.
  • In the present exemplary embodiment the first engagement means is achieved by five spaced apart engagement elements 78 a,78 b,78 c,78 d,78 e in the form of radial webs provided close to the opening at the coupling end 76 of the suction tip, as can be seen in the end view of the suction tip 6 seen in FIG. 16 inside the bore 80. Alternative engagement elements can be provided. An interior thread may e.g. serve to be screwed on the exterior thread 25 on the elongated main body 2. Just one radial web may be required to achieve the beneficial inventive adjustable engagement between suction tip and hollow elongated main body.
  • The interaction of the first engagement means 78 and the second engagement means 25 creates a further tactile means for adjusting and fine tuning axial position of suction tip 6 on the first end 7 of the elongated main body 2. In the present embodiment adjusting of mutual axial position between first engagement means 78 and second engagement means 25 can, as an example, be done by screwing or rotating the coupling end part 76 of the suction tip 6 onto the second engagements means 25, or by application of a small axial force to the suction tip 6, e.g. by pushing the suction tip 6 towards and away from the stop element in form of a stop web 26 on the cover part 17 of the elongated main body 2. When webs 78 a,78 b,78 c,78 d,78 e snaps into valleys 85 between ribs 86 of the thread or other circumferential projections of the second engagement means 25 the surgeon can easily feel it. So the surgeon easily experiences displacement or adjusting actions. Pushing the suction tip 6 may be preferred in preference to or in combination with rotation for initial adjusting and fine adjustment, but it is up to the surgeon to decide if rotation or axial force application are most preferred, e.g. in dependency of the surgical condition and spatial limitations and requirements. Embodiments including just on radial web are contemplated within the scope of the present invention.
  • The enlarged scale view of FIG. 17 shows a fragment of the first end 7 of the tubular part 16 with the suction tip mounted at the elongated main body 2 to illustrate how the exterior tactile means 84 of the suction tip is arranged encircling the first engagement means 25. Only one of the webs 78, namely web 78 e can be seen in FIG. 17. Web 78 e engages valley 85 to ensure the axial position in relation to the second engagement means 25.
  • The second end 9 of the elongated main body 2 could, as conventional electrosurgical instruments be adapted to be directly coupled to the vacuum source. It is however intended that the electrosurgical instrument 1 can be used with the cable outside the suction tubing, the cable inside the suction tubing or without the suction tubing.
  • To that aspect the electrosurgical instrument or the assembly kit for the electrosurgical instrument may, e.g. as an accessories comprise one or more different first coupling parts designed for fitting into the second coupling end 9 of the elongated main body 2, which second coupling end 9 is seen in FIG. 18. The cable 12 is bedded in second cable guide member 64 of the cover part 17 and emerges from a first click-in opening 87 of the elongated first compartment 59 a at the second end 9 of the elongated main body 2 above a second click-in opening 88 of the suction channel 27.
  • FIG. 19 is a perspective view seen oblique from a first plug end part 89 of a first embodiment of the first coupling part 8 used in the electrosurgical instrument 1 seen in FIG. 1, and FIG. 20 is the same seen from the opposite end.
  • The first plug end part 89 has a first end-closed click-in part for engaging, e.g. by force-fitting into frictional engagement, and closing off the first click-in opening 87 of the elongated first compartment 59 a. Below the first end-closed click-in part 90 the first plug end part 89 has a hollow second click-in part 91 for engaging the second click-in opening 88 of the suction channel 27, to thereby allow suction from the surgical site to a waste receptacle.
  • The first plug end part 89 extends via a circumferential collar 92 into a bevelled second plug end part 93 that fits into the first end 10 of the suction tubing 11. Coupling barbs 94 is provided on the exterior side of the second plug end part 93 to prevent unintended detachment of the suction tubing 11 once connected.
  • The circumferential collar 92 has substantially the same outline as or slightly larger than the outline of the second end 9 of the elongated main body 2. The collar 92 serves to end fit said elongated main body 2, as well as a stop for the suction tubing 11.
  • The hollow second click-in part 91 has a suction inlet 95 that extends into the bore 96 of the second plug end part 93 towards a suction outlet 97 thereby allowing passage of sucked matter from the elongated main body 2, through the first coupling part 8, and into the suction tubing 11.
  • A first cable groove 98 is provided in the first plug end part 89 to receive the cable 12 when the first end-closed click-in part 90 is mounted inside the first click-in opening 87. The first cable groove 98 becomes substantially axially aligned with a corresponding cable groove of at least any of the first and second cable guide members 63,64 of the cover part 17, to allow the cable 12 to pass in recessed manner and the suction tubing 11 to be mounted to surround the cable 12. When using the first embodiment of a first coupling part 8 the cable 12 passes inside the suction tubing 11, as is seen more clearly in FIG. 21.
  • FIGS. 22 and 23 show a second embodiment of a first coupling part 8′ that corresponds substantially to the first coupling part 8, and for like parts same reference numerals are used.
  • The second embodiment of a first coupling parts 8′ is modified in that the circumferential collar 92′ is thicker, i.e. has a longer axial extent, and that the first cable groove 98′ ends blind in the circumferential collar 92′ to enable exit of the cable 12 at this location, as illustrated in FIG. 24.
  • FIGS. 25 and 26 show a third embodiment of a first coupling part 8″ for use in an elongated main body 2 according to the present invention. The third embodiment of a first coupling part 8″ has a modified first plug end part 89′, and for like parts same reference numerals are used.
  • The first plug end part 89″ has a first end-closed click-in part 90″ for engaging, e.g. by force-fitting into frictional engagement, and closing off the first click-in opening 87 of the elongated first compartment 59 a. Below the first end-closed click-in part 90″ the first plug end part 89″ has a blind second click-in part 99 for engaging the second click-in opening 88 of the suction channel 27, to thereby close the suction channel 27 and allow the electrosurgical instrument 1 to be used without suction, thus as a simple electrosurgical pencil if desired.
  • In a manner similar to the first cable groove 98 of the first embodiment of the first end-closed click-in part 90, the first cable groove 98″ extends into the first end-closed click-in part 90″ through the circumferential collar 92″ where the first cable groove 98″ exits into a bevelled second plug end part 93″ that is end capped by base surface, wall part or cap 100.
  • FIG. 27 shows the third embodiment of a first coupling part 8″ with a cable 12 arranged inside the first cable groove 98″, thus the suction channel 27 will be closed by the second plug end part 93″.
  • FIG. 28 is an oblique perspective view of the second coupling part 14 seen from a vacuum source coupling end part 101, i.e. from the end intended for being connected to the vacuum source.
  • The vacuum source coupling end part 101 has two concentric tubes, an inner tube 102 and an outer tube 103 of larger internal diameter than the inner tube 102. Due to the different diameters of the tubes 102,103 the second coupling part 14 can be connected to vacuum sources having vacuum connection pieces of two different sizes. Use of the second coupling part therefore facilitates use of the electrosurgical instrument according to the present invention, as well as other medical devices that requires connection to a vacuum source, using one and the same second coupling part 14. Accordingly, often it is not necessary to invest in new vacuum sources or adapters for being able to make use of suction from a conventional vacuum source.
  • The vacuum source coupling end part 101 extends into the suction tubing end part 104 defined by an annular wall 105 with a second cable groove 106 and serrations 107. The cable groove 105 is provided in a manner similar to the first cable groove 98 of the first coupling end part 8 to allow the cable 12 to exit the suction tubing 11 just in form of vacuum source coupling end part 101, i.e. close to the vacuum source. A evacuation channel 108 extends via the inner tube 102 and into suction tubing end part 104, as seen in FIG. 29 that shows the second coupling part from the end to be connected to the second end 13 of the suction tubing 11.
  • In a modified embodiment of the second coupling part 14 no second cable groove 105 is provided. The modified second coupling part 14 without second cable groove 106 is suited for use with for example the second embodiment of the first coupling part 8″.
  • A modification of a second coupling part is shown in FIG. 30. The modified second coupling part corresponds to the embodiment shown in FIGS. 28 and 29 and for like parts same reference numerals are used. The modified second coupling part 14 only differs in that outer tube 103 has one or more slots 109 extending from the free end 110 and inside the other tube. Due to the one or more slots 109, of which only one is shown in FIG. 30, the circumferential skirt that defines the wall of the outer tube is split to allow the sides of the slots to overlap and reduce the diameter of the outer tube, so that the outer tube can be compacted to be inserted into a connection piece instead of surrounding the connection piece.
  • The second coupling parts according to the present invention thus fit standard connection pieces of many different diameters.
  • A second embodiment of an actuator 4′ is seen in FIG. 31. The actuator corresponds substantially to the first embodiment of an actuator 4, and for like part same reference numerals are used.
  • The first embodiment of an actuator 4′ is configured as a rocker with opposite rocker arms merging into each other. In contrast the second embodiment of an actuator 4′ has no rocker arm. Instead the actuator buttons 20′,22′ is provided as separate parts with respective stem 68′,69′. The buttons 20′,22′ has different height and surface texture and/or surface to enable the surgeon to identify the relevant button, as seen more clear in the view of FIG. 32, where the second embodiment of an actuator 4′ is seen from the left side of FIG. 31.
  • The suction tip according to the present invention is one unit component with a simple design and is simple to operate. The axial position of the suction tip remains fixed once set by the surgeon and until the surgeon deliberately chooses to adjust the position again, in which case the surgeon may apply an axial force to displace the suction tip in a translatory movement in the selected direction, or rotate the suction tip more or less clockwise or counter-clockwise until the position is as desired. Both a translatory and rotational movement may be required to set the position of the suction tip into a new position, and the translatory movement and the rotational movement can be done in any order.
  • Thus the present invention allows for a substantially stepless and continuous adjustment of the suction tip on the hollow elongated main body, and provide the surgeon with a high degree of freedom to select how much of the first means the surgeon prefers to expose before, during and after surgery.
  • The exchangeable components of the electrosurgical instrument according to the present invention makes it possible for the surgeon to tailor exactly the instrument that is best for a given surgery, at a given moment.
  • The hollow elongated main body, which incorporates the switch means, the actuator and any suitable wirings and cable, constitutes the base component of a kit for building numerous different electrosurgical instruments.
  • The kit may comprise all or just some of the following components
      • one or more suction tips of various length, shape and design,
      • one or more first coupling parts, including a first coupling part that allows the electrosurgical instrument to be used without suction, with the cable inside the suction tubing or the cable outside the suction tubing,
      • a second coupling part that is suited for being coupled to more than one kind of vacuum source,
      • tubings of various kind and length,
      • first means of various kinds, both for being surrounded by the suction tip, but also first means that has a greater radial extend than the diameter of the suction tip opening.
  • The invention provides the possibility of combining separate components into plural different electrosurgical instruments and thus offers the surgeon a hitherto unknown possibility of creating his/her favourite tool with excellent suction properties.

Claims (37)

1. An elongated electrosurgical instrument comprising
a first means for at least cutting tissue of a patient during surgery by application of electrical energy supplied from an electrosurgical generator to a surgical site,
a hollow elongated main body having a first end and an opposite second end, which first end has a first opening through which the first means protrudes, and which second end is configured for being electrically coupled to the electrosurgical generator and a vacuum source,
a suction means for removing at least smoke from the surgical site,
the suction means comprises a suction channel extending inside the hollow elongated main body, a first suction port arranged facing the first means, a second suction port provided with a suction tubing in communication with the vacuum source, and a suction tip provided in elongation of the first end of the hollow elongated main body, wherein
the suction tip has a coupling end part opposite a suction opening,
said coupling end part has a first engagement means for engagement with a second engagement means provided on the hollow elongated main body, which first engagement means and second engagement means are configured so that an axial position of the suction tip in relation to the first means is adjustable in response to movement of the suction tip about and/or along a longitudinal axis (A) of said suction tip.
2. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 1, wherein the second engagement means is provided on the first end of the hollow elongated main body proximal to the first suction port.
3. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 1, wherein the second engagement means is an exterior thread, at least one bead or projection provided on the first end of the hollow elongated main body proximal to the first suction port, optionally several circumferential beads or projections.
4. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 1, wherein the first suction port is located distal to the second engagement means and proximal to the first opening of the hollow elongated main body.
5. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 1, wherein the first suction port is located closer to the second engagement means than to the first opening of the hollow elongated main body.
6. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 1, wherein the second engagement means has an axial length corresponding to at least half the axial length of the coupling end part.
7. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 1, wherein the first engagement means is provided on an interior side of a circumferential coupling wall of the coupling end part and protrudes inside the bore of the coupling end part.
8. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 1, wherein the first engagement means is selected from the group comprising an interior thread, at least one annular bead, one or more spaced apart engagement elements, or combinations thereof.
9. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 1, wherein the first engagement means are configured as the second engagement means and vice versa.
10. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 1, wherein engagement of the first engagement means and the second engagement means are tactile and/or audible.
11. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 1, wherein the coupling end part of the suction tip extends into a suction end part including the suction opening.
12. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 11, wherein at least a section of the suction end part tapers towards the suction opening.
13. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 11, wherein the suction end part of the suction tip has a tubular, non-tapering mouth.
14. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 1, wherein the suction opening of the suction tip has a flared skirt part.
15. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 1, wherein the hollow elongated main body has a stop element for stopping axial displacement beyond said stop element of the suction tip towards the second end of the hollow elongated main body.
16. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 1, wherein the suction tip is detachably mounted on the first end of the hollow elongated main body of the electrosurgical instrument.
17. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 1, wherein at least a tip part of the suction end part is transparent.
18. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 1, wherein the entire suction end part is transparent.
19. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 1, wherein the suction tip has exterior tactile means.
20. A suction tip adapted to be mounted on an electrosurgical instrument, which electrosurgical instrument is of the kind that comprises:
a first means for at least cutting tissue of a patient during surgery by application of electrical energy supplied from an electrosurgical generator to a surgical site,
a hollow elongated main body having a first end and a second opposite end, which first end has a first opening through which the first means protrudes, and which second end is configured for being electrically coupled to the electrosurgical generator and a vacuum source,
a suction means for removing at least smoke from the surgical site,
the suction means comprises a suction channel extending inside the hollow elongated main body, a first suction port arranged facing the first means, and a second suction port provided with a suction tubing in communication with the vacuum source, and wherein
the suction tip is provided in elongation of the first end of the hollow elongated main body, the suction tip has a suction opening opposite a coupling end part, wherein
the coupling end part has a first engagement means for engagement with a second engagement means provided on the first end of the hollow elongated main body, which first engagement means and second engagement means are configured so that an axial position of the suction tip in relation to the first means is adjustable in response to movement of the suction tip about and/or along a longitudinal axis (A) of said suction tip.
21. The suction tip according to claim 20, wherein the first engagement means is provided on an interior side of a circumferential coupling wall of the coupling end part and protrudes inside the bore of said coupling end part.
22. The suction tip according to claim 20, wherein the first engagement means is selected from the group comprising an interior thread, at least one annular bead, one or more spaced apart engagement element, or combinations thereof.
23. The suction tip according to claim 20, wherein the first engagement means is configured for engaging a second engagement means provided on the first end of the hollow elongated main body of the electrosurgical instrument proximal to the first suction port.
24. The suction tip according to claim 20, wherein the second engagement means is an exterior thread, circumferential beads or projections provided on the first end of the hollow elongated main body proximal to the first suction port.
25. The suction tip according to claim 20, wherein the first engagement means are configured as the second engagement means or vice versa.
26. The suction tip according to claim 20, wherein the coupling end part of the suction tip extends into a suction end part including the suction opening.
27. The suction tip according to claim 20, wherein at least a section of the suction end part tapers towards the suction opening.
28. The suction tip according to claim 20, wherein the suction end part of the suction tip has a tubular, non-tapering mouth.
29. The suction tip according to claim 20, wherein the suction opening of the suction tip has a flared skirt part.
30. The suction tip according to claim 20, wherein the suction tip is detachably mounted on the first end of the hollow elongated main body of the electrosurgical instrument.
31. The suction tip according to claim 20, wherein at least a tip part of the suction end part is transparent.
32. The suction tip according to claim 20, wherein the entire suction end part is transparent.
33. The suction tip according to claim 20, wherein the coupling end part of the suction tip has exterior tactile means.
34. A method of adjusting the axial position of a suction tip according to claim 20 in relation to a hollow elongated main body of an electrosurgical instrument, wherein the method comprises an initial step of:
placing the first means through the suction tip and mounting the coupling end part on the first end of the hollow elongated main body to cover the suction port of the suction channel, which method further comprises at least one of the steps of
applying an axial force to the suction tip to engage the first engagement means and the second engagement means, or rotating the suction tip about the longitudinal axis of the suction tip to engage the first engagement means and the second engagement means, or combination of application of an axial force or rotating the suction tip.
35. The method according to claim 34, wherein application of any of the axial force or rotating the suction tip or both are repeated until an axial position of the suction opening is as desired.
36. The method according to claim 35, wherein the axial position of the suction opening is adjusted in relation to the first means.
37. An assembly kit for an electrosurgical instrument according to claim 1, the kit comprising at least:
the hollow elongated main body,
a first means for cutting and/or coagulation of tissue,
at least one suction tip,
at least one suction tubing,
at least one first coupling part for securing the suction tubing to the second end of the hollow elongated main body, and
at least one second coupling part for connecting the suction tubing to the electrosurgical generator
US14/129,907 2011-06-28 2011-08-01 Elongated electrosurgical instrument, a suction tip for the electrosurgical instrument and method of adjusting the axial position of the suction tip on the electrosurgical instrument Abandoned US20140142568A1 (en)

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US14/129,907 Abandoned US20140142568A1 (en) 2011-06-28 2011-08-01 Elongated electrosurgical instrument, a suction tip for the electrosurgical instrument and method of adjusting the axial position of the suction tip on the electrosurgical instrument
US14/129,909 Active 2031-10-16 US10070912B2 (en) 2011-06-28 2011-08-01 Coupling means connecting an electrosurgical instrument to a vacuum source, an electrosurgical instrument provided with the coupling means, a kit including the coupling means and their uses
US14/129,905 Abandoned US20140135757A1 (en) 2011-06-28 2011-08-01 Electrosurgical instrument and electrosurgical conductive electrode for use with the instrument

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US14/129,905 Abandoned US20140135757A1 (en) 2011-06-28 2011-08-01 Electrosurgical instrument and electrosurgical conductive electrode for use with the instrument

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AU2011372323A1 (en) 2014-02-13
WO2013000463A1 (en) 2013-01-03
US20140155890A1 (en) 2014-06-05
WO2013000462A1 (en) 2013-01-03
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WO2013000465A1 (en) 2013-01-03
AU2011372325A1 (en) 2014-02-13
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US20140135757A1 (en) 2014-05-15
US20140142566A1 (en) 2014-05-22
JP2014525767A (en) 2014-10-02
AU2011372326A1 (en) 2014-02-13
AU2011372326B2 (en) 2016-11-03
US10070912B2 (en) 2018-09-11
EP2726004A1 (en) 2014-05-07
EP2726006A1 (en) 2014-05-07
JP2014529303A (en) 2014-11-06
EP2726005A1 (en) 2014-05-07
JP2014531913A (en) 2014-12-04
EP2726007A1 (en) 2014-05-07

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