US20130341999A1 - Attack Tool with an Interruption - Google Patents

Attack Tool with an Interruption Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20130341999A1
US20130341999A1 US11/766,903 US76690307A US2013341999A1 US 20130341999 A1 US20130341999 A1 US 20130341999A1 US 76690307 A US76690307 A US 76690307A US 2013341999 A1 US2013341999 A1 US 2013341999A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
attack tool
diamond
interruption
interfacial surface
base
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11/766,903
Inventor
David R. Hall
Ronald Crockett
John Bailey
Jeff Jepson
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Novatek Inc
Original Assignee
Novatek Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US11/463,953 priority Critical patent/US7464993B2/en
Priority to US11/463,998 priority patent/US7384105B2/en
Priority to US11/463,990 priority patent/US7320505B1/en
Priority to US11/463,975 priority patent/US7445294B2/en
Priority to US11/463,962 priority patent/US7413256B2/en
Priority to US11/464,008 priority patent/US7338135B1/en
Priority to US11/686,831 priority patent/US7568770B2/en
Priority to US11/695,672 priority patent/US7396086B1/en
Priority to US11/742,304 priority patent/US7475948B2/en
Priority to US11/742,261 priority patent/US7469971B2/en
Application filed by Novatek Inc filed Critical Novatek Inc
Priority to US76686507A priority
Priority to US11/766,903 priority patent/US20130341999A1/en
Priority claimed from US11/773,271 external-priority patent/US7997661B2/en
Priority claimed from US11/774,227 external-priority patent/US7669938B2/en
Priority claimed from US11/774,667 external-priority patent/US20080035389A1/en
Priority claimed from US11/829,577 external-priority patent/US8622155B2/en
Priority claimed from US11/829,761 external-priority patent/US7722127B2/en
Priority claimed from US11/844,662 external-priority patent/US7637574B2/en
Priority claimed from US11/844,586 external-priority patent/US7600823B2/en
Priority claimed from US11/861,641 external-priority patent/US8590644B2/en
Priority claimed from US11/871,835 external-priority patent/US8136887B2/en
Priority claimed from US11/871,480 external-priority patent/US7886851B2/en
Priority claimed from US11/871,722 external-priority patent/US7992945B2/en
Priority claimed from US11/871,759 external-priority patent/US7413258B2/en
Priority claimed from US11/947,644 external-priority patent/US8007051B2/en
Priority claimed from US11/953,424 external-priority patent/US8201892B2/en
Priority claimed from US11/971,965 external-priority patent/US7648210B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/021,051 external-priority patent/US8123302B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/021,019 external-priority patent/US8485609B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/020,924 external-priority patent/US8414085B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/051,689 external-priority patent/US7963617B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/051,738 external-priority patent/US7669674B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/099,038 external-priority patent/US20080187452A1/en
Priority claimed from US12/112,815 external-priority patent/US7871133B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/135,714 external-priority patent/US8033615B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/169,345 external-priority patent/US7946657B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/177,556 external-priority patent/US7635168B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/177,599 external-priority patent/US7744164B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/200,786 external-priority patent/US8033616B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/200,810 external-priority patent/US7661765B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/207,701 external-priority patent/US8240404B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/366,706 external-priority patent/US8215420B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/428,531 external-priority patent/US8500209B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/428,541 external-priority patent/US7992944B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/491,897 external-priority patent/US8500210B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/614,614 external-priority patent/US8453497B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/619,305 external-priority patent/US8567532B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/619,377 external-priority patent/US8616305B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/619,466 external-priority patent/US20100059289A1/en
Priority claimed from US12/619,423 external-priority patent/US8714285B2/en
Assigned to SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION reassignment SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: HALL, DAVID R., MR.
Assigned to HALL, DAVID R., MR. reassignment HALL, DAVID R., MR. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: BAILEY, JOHN, MR., CROCKETT, RONALD B., MR., JEPSON, JEFF, MR.
Priority claimed from US13/077,964 external-priority patent/US8191651B2/en
Priority claimed from US13/077,970 external-priority patent/US8596381B2/en
Priority claimed from US13/208,103 external-priority patent/US9316061B2/en
Assigned to NOVATEK, INC. reassignment NOVATEK, INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
Priority claimed from US13/919,749 external-priority patent/US8998346B2/en
Priority claimed from US14/089,385 external-priority patent/US9051795B2/en
Priority claimed from US14/101,972 external-priority patent/US9145742B2/en
Publication of US20130341999A1 publication Critical patent/US20130341999A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21CMINING OR QUARRYING
    • E21C35/00Miscellaneous items relating to machines for slitting or completely freeing the mineral from the seam
    • E21C35/18Mining picks; Holders therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21CMINING OR QUARRYING
    • E21C35/00Miscellaneous items relating to machines for slitting or completely freeing the mineral from the seam
    • E21C35/18Mining picks; Holders therefor
    • E21C2035/1803Inserts or layers of wear-resistant material
    • E21C2035/1806Fixing methods or devices
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21CMINING OR QUARRYING
    • E21C35/00Miscellaneous items relating to machines for slitting or completely freeing the mineral from the seam
    • E21C35/18Mining picks; Holders therefor
    • E21C2035/1803Inserts or layers of wear-resistant material
    • E21C2035/1813Chemical composition or specific material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21CMINING OR QUARRYING
    • E21C35/00Miscellaneous items relating to machines for slitting or completely freeing the mineral from the seam
    • E21C35/18Mining picks; Holders therefor
    • E21C2035/1803Inserts or layers of wear-resistant material
    • E21C2035/1816Inserts or layers of wear-resistant material characterised by the shape

Abstract

A tool has a wear-resistant steel base comprising a shank suitable for attachment to a driving mechanism. A planar end of a cemented metal carbide segment is brazed to an interfacial surface of the steel base axially opposed to the shank. At least one interruption is formed in the interfacial surface.

Description

    CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/766,865 filed on Jun. 22, 2007 entitled Attack Tool with an Overhang. U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/766,865 is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/742,304 which was filed on Apr. 30, 2007 and entitled Pick with a Bearing Assembly and is now U.S. Pat. No. 7,475,948 that issued on Jan. 13, 2009. U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/742,304 is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/742,261 which was filed on Apr. 30, 2007 and entitled Lubricated Pick and is now U.S. Pat. No. 7,469,971 that issued on Dec. 30, 2008. U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/742,261 is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/464,008 which was filed on Aug. 11, 2006 and entitled Holder for a Degradation Assembly and is now U.S. Pat. No. 7,338,135 that issued on Mar. 4, 2008. U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/464,008 is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/463,998 which was filed on Aug. 11, 2006 and entitled Washer for a Degradation Assembly and is now U.S. Pat. No. 7,384,105 that issued on Jun. 10, 2008. U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/463,998 is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/463,990 which was filed on Aug. 11, 2006 and entitled An Attack Tool and is now U.S. Pat. No. 7,320,505 that issued on Jan. 22, 2008. U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/463,990 is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/463,975 which was filed on Aug. 11, 2006 and entitled An Attack Tool and is now U.S. Pat. No. 7,445,294 that issued on Nov. 4, 2008. U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/463,975 is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/463,962 which was filed on Aug. 11, 2006 and entitled An Attack Tool and is now U.S. Pat. No. 7,413,256 that issued on Aug. 19, 2008. The present application is also a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/695,672 which was filed on Apr. 3, 2007 and entitled Core for a Pick and is now U.S. Pat. No. 7,396,086 that issued on Jul. 8, 2008. U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/695,672 is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/686,831 filed on Mar. 15, 2007 and entitled A Superhard Composite Material Bonded to a Steel Body and is now U.S. Pat. No. 7,568,770 that issued on Aug. 4, 2009. All of these applications are herein incorporated by reference for all that they contain.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to an improved cutting element or insert that may be used in machinery such as crushers, picks, grinding mills, roller cone bits, rotary fixed cutter bits, earth boring bits, percussion bits or impact bits, and drag bits.
  • U.S. Pat. No. 6,733,087 to Hall, et al., which is herein incorporated by reference for all that it contains, discloses an attack tool for working natural and man-made materials that is made up of one or more segments, including a steel alloy base segment, an intermediate carbide wear protector segment, and a penetrator segment comprising a carbide substrate that is coated with a superhard material. The segments are joined at continuously curved surfaces vary from one another at about their apex in order to accommodate ease of manufacturing and to concentrate the bonding material in the region of greatest variance. The carbide used for the penetrator and the wear protector may have a cobalt binder, or it may be binderless. It may also be produced by the rapid omnidirectional compaction method as a means of controlling grain growth of the fine cobalt particles. The parts are brazed together in such a manner that the grain size of the carbide is not substantially altered. The superhard coating may consist of diamond, polycrystalline diamond, cubic boron nitride, binderless carbide, or combinations thereof.
  • BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • In one aspect of the present invention, a tool has a wear-resistant steel base comprising a shank suitable for attachment to a driving mechanism. A planar end of a cemented metal carbide segment is brazed to an interfacial surface of the steel base axially opposed to the shank. The interfacial surface of the steel base has a diameter smaller than a base diameter of the carbide segment.
  • A superhard tip may be bonded to the cemented metal carbide segment and may have a diameter larger than an upper diameter of the carbide segment. The superhard tip may be brazed to the cemented metal carbide with a braze comprising a thickness of 1.0 to 50 microns. The superhard tip may comprise a material selected from the group consisting of polycrystalline diamond, vapor-deposited diamond, natural diamond, cubic boron nitride, infiltrated diamond, layered diamond, diamond impregnated carbide, diamond impregnated matrix, silicon bonded diamond, or combinations thereof. A braze used between the planar end of the cemented metal carbide segment and the interfacial surface of the base may comprise silver, gold, copper, nickel, palladium, boron, chromium, silicon, germanium, aluminum, iron, cobalt, manganese, titanium, tin, gallium, vanadium, indium, phosphorus, molybdenum, platinum, zinc, or combinations thereof. The braze may also comprise a thickness of 0.001 to 0.010 inch.
  • The base diameter of the carbide segment may overhang the diameter of the interfacial surface by 0.001 to 0.100 inch. The outside surface of the carbide segment may be ground down to 0.010 to 0.050 inch. Further, the outside surface of the carbide segment may be ground down to 0.020 to 0.030 inch. A portion of the steel base may be inserted into a pocket formed within the carbide segment. The cemented metal carbide segment may comprise a concave surface.
  • In another aspect of the present invention, a method has steps for assembling an attack tool. A superhard tip has a diamond piece bonded to a carbide substrate and a wear-resistant steel base has a shank. An interfacial surface of the steel base and a base surface of the superhard tip are brazed to opposite surfaces of a cemented metal carbide segment. An overhang is formed between the carbide segment and the steel base and the interfacial surface of the steel base has a diameter smaller than a base diameter of the carbide segment. The superhard tip may also overhang the carbide segment at an interface at which they are brazed together, with the superhard tip having a base diameter greater than a diameter of an upper surface of the carbide segment. The base diameter of the superhard tip may be ground down to 0.001 to 0.010 inch. The overhang formed by the carbide segment may be ground down to 0.010 to 0.050 inch. It is believed that grinding down the outer surfaces of the carbide segments may increase the wear life of the attack tool. At least one interruption may be formed within the interfacial surface of the steel base. The overhang may have a concave or a convex region. Also, a portion of the overhang may be covered with a stop-off material.
  • In another aspect of the invention, at least one interruption is formed in the interfacial surface. The interruption may have a plurality of notches formed within the interfacial surface. The steel base may be formed by forging, machining, or a combination thereof. A supporting piece may be press fit into the at least one interruption. The supporting piece may comprise a hard material selected from the group consisting of carbide, chromium, tungsten, tantalum, niobium, titanium, molybdenum, natural diamond, polycrystalline diamond, vapor deposited diamond, cubic boron nitride, TiN, AlNi, AlTiNi, TiAlN, CrN/CrC/(Mo, W)S2, TiN/TiCN, AlTiN/MoS2, TiAlN, ZrN, diamond impregnated carbide, diamond impregnated matrix, silicon bonded diamond, or combinations thereof. The press fit may have an interference of 0.0005 to 0.0050 inch. The cemented metal carbide segment and/or the base may comprise a concave surface. The plurality of interruptions may have various geometries and dimensions. Some embodiments may comprise circular and/or rectangular geometries.
  • The at least one interruption may comprise a width of 5 percent to 75 percent a width of the interfacial surface of the steel base. In some embodiments, the width of the interruption may be 35 percent to 55 percent of the width of the interfacial surface of the steel base. The at least one interruption may also comprise a depth of 10 percent to 75 percent of a height of a body portion of the steel base. In some embodiments, the depth of the interruption is 25 percent to 55 percent of the height of the body portion of the steel base. At least one interruption may be formed in a planar end of the cemented metal carbide segment.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional diagram of an embodiment of attack tools on a rotating drum attached to a motor vehicle.
  • FIG. 2 is a perspective diagram of an embodiment of an attack tool.
  • FIG. 3 is a perspective diagram of another embodiment of an attack tool.
  • FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional diagram of another embodiment of an attack tool.
  • FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional diagram of another embodiment of an attack tool.
  • FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional diagram of another embodiment of an attack tool.
  • FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional diagram of another embodiment of an attack tool.
  • FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional diagram of another embodiment of an attack tool.
  • FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional diagram of another embodiment of an attack tool.
  • FIG. 10 is a perspective diagram of another embodiment of an attack tool
  • FIG. 11 is an exploded perspective diagram of an embodiment of an attack tool.
  • FIG. 12 is a sectional diagram of an embodiment of an interfacial surface of a base of an attack tool.
  • FIG. 13 is a sectional diagram of another embodiment of an interfacial surface of a base of an attack tool
  • FIG. 14 is a sectional diagram of another embodiment of an interfacial surface of a base of an attack tool
  • FIG. 15 is a sectional diagram of another embodiment of an interfacial surface of a base of an attack tool
  • FIG. 16 is a sectional diagram of another embodiment of an interfacial surface of a base of an attack tool
  • FIG. 17 is perspective diagram of an embodiment of a trencher.
  • FIG. 18 is an orthogonal diagram of another embodiment of a trencher.
  • FIG. 19 is a diagram of an embodiment of a method for manufacturing an attack tool.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION AND THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
  • FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional diagram of an embodiment of a plurality of attack tools 100 a attached to a rotating drum 101 connected to the underside of a pavement milling machine 102. The milling machine 102 may be a cold planar used to degrade manmade formations, such as pavement 103 prior to the placement of a new layer of pavement. Picks or attack tools 100 a may be attached to the rotating drum 101, which rotates and brings the attack tools 100 a into engagement with the formation. A holder 104 may be attached to the rotating drum 101 and an attack tool 100 a may be inserted into the holder 104. The holder 104 may hold the attack tool 100 a at an angle offset from the direction of rotation, such that the attack tool 100 a engages the pavement 103 at a preferential angle.
  • FIGS. 2 and 3 show two embodiments of an attack tool 100 b and 100 c, respectively, each having a wear-resistant steel base 200 a, 200 b, with a shank 201 a, 201 b suitable for attachment to a driving mechanism. A planar end 202 a, 202 b of a cemented metal carbide segment 203 a, 203 b may be brazed to an interfacial surface 204 a, 204 b of the steel base 200 a, 200 b axially opposed to the shank 201 a, 201 b. The interfacial surface 204 a, 204 b of the steel base 200 a, 200 b may have a diameter 210 a, 210 b smaller than a base diameter 212 a, 212 b of the planar end 202 a, 202 b of the carbide segment 203 a, 203 b, thus forming an overhang 205 a, 205 b, respectively. It is believed that having the overhang 205 a, 205 b may improve the life of the attack tool 100 b, 100 c. An outside surface 214 a, 214 b of the cemented metal carbide segment 203 a, 203 b may be ground down to 0.010 to 0.050 inch in order to smooth over cracks that may have been formed in the surface 214 a, 214 b of the cemented metal carbide segment 203 a, 203 b during manufacturing. This may also increase the life as well as increase the efficiency of the attack tool 100 b, 100 c. A superhard tip 206 a, 206 b may be bonded to the cemented metal carbide segment 203 a, 203 b. In a preferred embodiment, the superhard tip 206 a, 206 b may be brazed to the cemented metal carbide segment 203 a, 203 b. The superhard tip 206 a, 206 b may comprise a carbide substrate bonded to a harder material. The harder material selected from the group consisting of polycrystalline diamond, vapor-deposited diamond, natural diamond, cubic boron nitride, infiltrated diamond, layered diamond, diamond impregnated carbide, diamond impregnated matrix, silicon bonded diamond, or combinations thereof. In some embodiments, the steel base 200 a, 200 b may comprise hard-facing to increases its wear resistance. In some embodiments the attack tool 100 b, 100 c may include a washer having a layer of hardfacing.
  • FIGS. 4 through 9 illustrate cross-sectional diagrams of various embodiments of an attack tool. In some embodiments, an attack tool 100 d includes at least one interruption 400 a formed in an interfacial surface 204 c of a steel base 200 c as shown in FIG. 4. The interfacial surface 204 c may have a diameter 452 smaller than a base diameter 212 c of a planar end 202 c of a cemented metal carbide segment 203 c, forming an overhang 205 c. The cemented metal carbide segment 203 c may be brazed to the steel base 200 c with a braze comprising silver, gold, copper, nickel, palladium, boron, chromium, silicon, germanium, aluminum, iron, cobalt, manganese, titanium, tin, gallium, vanadium, indium, phosphorus, molybdenum, platinum, zinc, or combinations thereof.
  • During an operation in which the attack tool 100 d is exposed to high temperatures, the steel base 200 c and the cemented metal carbide segment 203 c, which have different coefficients of thermal expansion, may expand and contract at different rates, weakening the bond between the steel base 200 c and the cemented metal carbide segment 203 c and thereby weakening the attack tool 100 d.
  • A surprising result shows that by forming the at least one interruption 400 a in the interfacial surface 204 c of the steel base 200 c, the braze bond maintains its strength and thereby the life of the attack tool 100 d increases. The at least one interruption 400 may comprise a width 451 of 5 percent to 75 percent of the diameter 452 of the interfacial surface of the steel base 200 c. The interruption 400 may also comprise a depth 450 of 5 percent to 75 percent of a height 453 of a body portion 460 of the steel base 200 c.
  • A superhard tip 206 c may be bonded to the cemented metal carbide segment 203 c. In some embodiments, the superhard tip 206 c may have a diameter 218 larger than an upper diameter 220 of the cemented metal carbide segment 203 c such that the superhard tip 206 c overhangs the cemented metal carbide segment 203 c at a surface 401 in which superhard tip 206 c and the cemented metal carbide segment 203 c are bonded together. It is believed that an overhang 470 formed between the superhard tip 206 c and the cemented metal carbide segment 203 c may increase the life of the superhard tip 206 c during operation. In the embodiment of FIG. 4, the cemented metal carbide segment 203 c may comprise a concave surface 480 and a body portion of the steel base 200 c may comprise a concave surface 481.
  • In FIG. 5, an embodiment of an attack tool 100 e includes a plurality of interruptions 400 b and interruption 402 formed in an interfacial surface 204 d of a steel base 200 d. The interruptions 400 b and 402 may extend into the steel base 200 d at various depths and have various widths. The interruptions 400 b and 402 may be substantially coaxial. The depths of the interruptions 400 b and 402 may be formed into the steel base 200 d such that the interruptions provide strength to the attack tool 100 e while maintaining its structural integrity during an operation.
  • In some embodiments of an attack tool 100 f, a supporting piece 600 may be press-fit into an interruption 400 c, as shown in the embodiment of FIG. 6. The supporting piece 600 may comprise a hard material such as carbide, chromium, tungsten, tantalum, niobium, titanium, molybdenum, natural diamond, polycrystalline diamond, vapor deposited diamond, cubic boron nitride, TiN, AlNi, A1TiNi, TiAlN, CrN/CrC/(Mo, W)S2, TiN/TiCN, AlTiN/MoS2, TiAlN, ZrN, diamond impregnated carbide, diamond impregnated matrix, silicon bonded diamond, or combinations thereof. The supporting piece 600 may help to strengthen a steel base 200 e. The supporting piece 600 may be press-fit into the interruption 400 c. The press-fit may comprise an interference of 0.0005 inches to 0.0050 inches. It is believed that a supporting piece 600 press-fit into the interruption 400 c may limit the shrinkage of an interfacial surface 204 e of the steel base 200 e during a cooling step in the brazing process.
  • In some embodiments of an attack tool 100 g, a portion 700 a of a steel base 200 f may be inserted into a pocket 701 a formed within a cemented metal carbide segment 203 d. In the embodiment of FIG. 7, the steel base 200 f may not have an interruption formed in an interfacial surface 204 f of the steel base 200 f.
  • In FIG. 8, an embodiment of an attack tool 100 h includes a portion 700 b of a steel base 200 g inserted into a pocket 701 b formed within a cemented metal carbide segment 203 e. However, in the embodiment of FIG. 8, the steel base 200 g may have an interruption 400 d formed in an interfacial surface 204 g of the steel base 200 g. The attack tool 100 h may comprise an overhang 205 d in which a base diameter 212 d of the cemented metal carbide segment 203 e may overhang a diameter 210 c of the interfacial surface 204 g by a distance 800 of 0.001 inch to 0.100 inch.
  • FIG. 9 shows an embodiment of an attack tool 100 i with a plurality of interruptions 400 e disposed in an interfacial surface 204 h of a steel base 200 h, as well as a plurality of interruptions 900 disposed within a planar end 202 d of a cemented metal carbide segment 203 f. In this embodiment, the steel base 200 h may have a concave surface 950. In this embodiment, the overhanging portion 952 of the cemented metal carbide segment 203 f may comprise a convex region 953. In other embodiments, the overhanging portion 952 may comprise a concave region (not shown). The overhanging portion 952 may also be coated with a stop-off material 951 such that a braze used to bond the cemented metal carbide segment 203 f and the steel base 200 h together does not contact the overhanging portion 952 or a portion 954 of the cemented metal carbide segment 203 f proximal a superhard tip 206. The stop-off material 951 may comprise boron nitride, copper, nickel, cobalt, gold, silver, manganese, magnesium, palladium, titanium, niobium, zinc, phosphorous, boron, aluminum, cadmium, chromium, tin, silicon, tantalum, yttrium, metal oxide, ceramic, or combinations thereof. It may be beneficial to coat the overhanging portion 952 with a stop-off material 951 such that the stop-off material 951 resists excess braze that may flow from the interfacial surface 204 h between the cemented metal carbide segment 203 f and the steel base 200 h.
  • In other embodiments of an attack tool, a steel base with an interfacial surface comprises a tapered portion. The tapered portion comprises at least one interruption. Also a carbide segment comprises an overhang in these embodiments, although in other embodiments, there may be no overhang. The tapered portion of the interfacial surface may reduce residual stresses generated during brazing. Also the tapered portion may also strengthen the attack tool during side loading.
  • FIG. 10 discloses an attack tool 100 j with a wear-resistant steel base 200 i having a shank 201 c adapted for attachment to a trenching machine. An interfacial surface 204 i of the steel base 200 i may have a diameter 210 d smaller than a base diameter 212 e of a cemented metal carbide segment 203 g, forming an overhang 205 e. The base diameter 212 e of the cemented metal carbide segment 203 g may overhang the diameter 210 d of the interfacial surface 204 i by 0.001 inch to 0.100 inch.
  • FIG. 11 is an exploded perspective diagram of an embodiment of an attack tool 100 k. The attack tool 100 k comprises a wear-resistant base 200 j suitable for attachment to a driving mechanism and a cemented metal carbide segment 203 h. A planar end 202 e of the cemented metal carbide segment 203 h may be bonded to an interfacial surface 204 j of the base 200 j axially opposed to a shank 201 d. A bond between the cemented metal carbide segment 203 h and the base 200 j may be a braze 1150 comprising silver, gold, copper, nickel, palladium, boron, chromium, silicon, germanium, aluminum, iron, cobalt, manganese, titanium, tin, gallium, vanadium, indium, phosphorus, molybdenum, platinum, zinc, or combinations thereof. The braze 1150 may comprise a thickness of 0.001 to 0.010 inch. A superhard tip 206 e may be bonded to the cemented metal carbide segment 203 h. The superhard tip 206 may be brazed to the cemented metal carbide segment 203 h with a braze 1100 having a thickness of 1.0 to 10 microns. The superhard tip 206 may also have a diameter 1101 that is larger than an upper diameter 1102 of the cemented metal carbide segment 203 h. The interfacial surface 204 j of the base 200 j may have a diameter 210 e smaller than a base diameter 1103 of the cemented metal carbide segment 203 h. The base diameter 1103 may overhang the diameter 210 e of the interfacial surface 204 j by 0.001 to 0.100 inch. In some embodiments, an outside surface of the cemented metal carbide segment 203 h may be ground down 0.010 inch to 0.050 inch. It is believed that grinding down the outer surface may increase the life of the attack tool 100 k.
  • Various sectional diagrams of embodiments of an interfacial surface of a steel base of an attack tool are shown in FIGS. 12 through 16. In FIG. 12, an interruption 400 f may be formed in an interfacial surface 204 i, the interruption 400 f being concentric with an outer surface 1200 of the interfacial surface 204 i.
  • In some embodiments, a plurality of interruptions may be formed in the interfacial surface. Referring now to FIG. 13, an interruption 400 g may be concentric with a second interruption 1300 in an interfacial surface 204 j. The interruptions 400 g, 1300, comprise circular geometries.
  • FIG. 14 illustrates another embodiment of an interfacial surface 204 k having a plurality of interruptions 400 h. In this embodiment, the plurality of interruptions 400 h may comprise rectangular geometries.
  • In some embodiments, the at least one interruption 400 i may have a plurality of notches 1504 formed within an interfacial surface 204 l. Such embodiments may be formed by forging, machining, or a combination thereof. FIG. 15 illustrates a plurality of notches 1500 formed within an outer surface 1502 of the interfacial surface 204 l as well as plurality of notches 1504 formed within an inner surface 1501 of the interfacial surface 204 l. It is believed that during operation, the notches 1500, 1504 formed within a base may lower the stress imposed on the attack tool, thereby extending the life of the attack tool.
  • FIG. 16 shows another embodiment of an interfacial surface 204 m having a plurality of notches 1600, 1604 formed within an outer surface 1602 and an inner surface 1601. In this embodiment, the notches 1600, 1604 may be gradual and less defined than the notches 1500, 1504 in the embodiment of the interfacial surface 204 l shown in FIG. 15.
  • FIGS. 17 and 18 show various wear applications that may be incorporated with the present invention. Attack tools 1001 may be disposed on a rock wheel trenching machine 1700 as shown in FIG. 17. Also, attack tools 100 m may be placed on a chain that rotates around an arm 1802 of a chain trenching machine 1800, as shown in FIG. 18.
  • FIG. 19 is a diagram of an embodiment of a method 1900 for manufacturing an attack tool. The method 1900 includes providing 1901 a superhard tip comprising a diamond piece bonded to a carbide substrate, a wear-resistant steel base comprising a shank, and a cemented metal carbide segment. The method 1900 also includes simultaneously brazing 1902 an interfacial surface of the base to a planar base of the cemented metal carbide segment and brazing the superhard tip to an upper surface of the carbide segment. The method 1900 further includes forming 1903 an overhang between the carbide segment and the steel base.
  • Whereas the present invention has been described in particular relation to the drawings attached hereto, it should be understood that other and further modifications apart from those shown or suggested herein, may be made within the scope and spirit of the present invention.

Claims (20)

1. An attack tool for degrading natural and man-made formations comprising:
a base, said base including:
a shank for attachment to a driving mechanism;
a body portion having a height; and,
an interfacial surface spaced apart from said shank, said interfacial surface having a diameter and at least one interruption formed in said interfacial surface; and,
a carbide segment, said carbide segment including:
a planar end coupled to said interfacial surface with a braze, said planar end having a base diameter larger than said diameter of said interfacial surface.
a supporting piece separate from said carbide segment, said supporting piece held at least partly within said interruption with a press-fit, said supporting piece including a surface that with an another surface of said interruption defines a space.
2. The attack tool of claim 1, further comprising a superhard tip spaced apart from said planar end and bonded to said carbide segment.
3. The attack tool of claim 2, wherein said superhard tip is brazed to said carbide segment with a braze having a thickness of 1.0 microns to 10 microns.
4. (canceled)
5. The attack tool of claim 2, wherein said superhard tip comprises at least one material selected from a group consisting of polycrystalline diamond, vapor-deposited diamond, natural diamond, cubic boron nitride, infiltrated diamond, layered diamond, diamond impregnated carbide, diamond impregnated matrix, and silicon bonded diamond.
6. The attack tool of claim 1, wherein said braze comprises at least one of silver, gold, copper, nickel, palladium, boron, chromium, silicon, germanium, aluminum, iron, cobalt, manganese, titanium, tin, gallium, vanadium, indium, phosphorus, molybdenum, platinum, and zinc.
7. The attack tool of claim 1, wherein said braze has a thickness of 0.001 inch to 0.010 inch.
8. (canceled)
9. (canceled)
10. (canceled)
11. The attack tool of claim 1, wherein said press fit comprises an interference of 0.0005 inch to 0.0050 inch.
12. The attack tool of claim 1, wherein said supporting piece comprises at least one material selected from a group consisting of carbide, chromium, tungsten, tantalum, niobium, titanium, molybdenum, natural diamond, polycrystalline diamond, vapor deposited diamond, cubic boron nitride, TiN, AlNi, AlTiNi, TiAlN, CrN/CrC/(Mo, W)S2, TiN/TiCN, AlTiN/MoS2, TiAlN, ZrN, diamond impregnated carbide, diamond impregnated matrix, and silicon bonded diamond.
13. The attack tool of claim 1, further comprising at least another interruption formed in said planar end of said carbide segment.
14. The attack tool of claim 1, wherein said carbide segment includes a concave surface.
15. The attack tool of claim 1, wherein said base includes a concave surface.
16. The attack tool of claim 1, wherein said at least one interruption comprises a width of 5 percent to 75 percent of said diameter of said interfacial surface.
17. The attack tool of claim 1, wherein said at least one interruption comprises a depth of 5 percent to 75 percent of said height of said body portion of said base.
18. (canceled)
19. The attack tool of claim 1, wherein said at least one interruption comprises a circular geometry.
20. (canceled)
US11/766,903 2006-06-16 2007-06-22 Attack Tool with an Interruption Abandoned US20130341999A1 (en)

Priority Applications (12)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/463,998 US7384105B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2006-08-11 Attack tool
US11/463,990 US7320505B1 (en) 2006-08-11 2006-08-11 Attack tool
US11/463,975 US7445294B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2006-08-11 Attack tool
US11/463,962 US7413256B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2006-08-11 Washer for a degradation assembly
US11/464,008 US7338135B1 (en) 2006-08-11 2006-08-11 Holder for a degradation assembly
US11/463,953 US7464993B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2006-08-11 Attack tool
US11/686,831 US7568770B2 (en) 2006-06-16 2007-03-15 Superhard composite material bonded to a steel body
US11/695,672 US7396086B1 (en) 2007-03-15 2007-04-03 Press-fit pick
US11/742,261 US7469971B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2007-04-30 Lubricated pick
US11/742,304 US7475948B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2007-04-30 Pick with a bearing
US76686507A true 2007-06-22 2007-06-22
US11/766,903 US20130341999A1 (en) 2006-08-11 2007-06-22 Attack Tool with an Interruption

Applications Claiming Priority (61)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/766,903 US20130341999A1 (en) 2006-08-11 2007-06-22 Attack Tool with an Interruption
US11/773,271 US7997661B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2007-07-03 Tapered bore in a pick
US11/774,227 US7669938B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2007-07-06 Carbide stem press fit into a steel body of a pick
US11/774,667 US20080035389A1 (en) 2006-08-11 2007-07-09 Roof Mining Drill Bit
US11/829,761 US7722127B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2007-07-27 Pick shank in axial tension
US11/829,577 US8622155B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2007-07-27 Pointed diamond working ends on a shear bit
US11/844,586 US7600823B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2007-08-24 Pick assembly
US11/844,662 US7637574B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2007-08-24 Pick assembly
US11/861,641 US8590644B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2007-09-26 Downhole drill bit
US11/871,480 US7886851B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2007-10-12 Drill bit nozzle
US11/871,722 US7992945B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2007-10-12 Hollow pick shank
US11/871,759 US7413258B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2007-10-12 Hollow pick shank
US11/871,835 US8136887B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2007-10-12 Non-rotating pick with a pressed in carbide segment
US11/947,644 US8007051B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2007-11-29 Shank assembly
US11/953,424 US8201892B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2007-12-10 Holder assembly
US11/971,965 US7648210B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-01-10 Pick with an interlocked bolster
US12/021,019 US8485609B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-01-28 Impact tool
US12/021,051 US8123302B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-01-28 Impact tool
US12/020,924 US8414085B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-01-28 Shank assembly with a tensioned element
US12/051,689 US7963617B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-03-19 Degradation assembly
US12/051,738 US7669674B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-03-19 Degradation assembly
US12/051,586 US8007050B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-03-19 Degradation assembly
US12/098,934 US7712693B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-04-07 Degradation insert with overhang
US12/098,962 US7717365B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-04-07 Degradation insert with overhang
US12/099,038 US20080187452A1 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-04-07 Method of Forming a Workpiece
US12/112,743 US8029068B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-04-30 Locking fixture for a degradation assembly
US12/112,815 US7871133B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-04-30 Locking fixture
US12/135,654 US8061784B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-06-09 Retention system
US12/135,714 US8033615B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-06-09 Retention system
US12/135,595 US7946656B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-06-09 Retention system
US12/146,665 US8454096B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-06-26 High-impact resistant tool
US12/169,345 US7946657B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-07-08 Retention for an insert
US12/177,556 US7635168B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-07-22 Degradation assembly shield
US12/177,599 US7744164B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-07-22 Shield of a degradation assembly
US12/177,637 US7832809B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-07-22 Degradation assembly shield
US12/200,786 US8033616B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-08-28 Braze thickness control
US12/200,810 US7661765B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-08-28 Braze thickness control
US12/207,701 US8240404B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2008-09-10 Roof bolt bit
US12/366,706 US8215420B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2009-02-06 Thermally stable pointed diamond with increased impact resistance
US12/428,541 US7992944B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2009-04-23 Manually rotatable tool
US12/428,531 US8500209B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2009-04-23 Manually rotatable tool
US12/491,897 US8500210B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2009-06-25 Resilient pick shank
US12/491,848 US8118371B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2009-06-25 Resilient pick shank
US12/536,695 US8434573B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2009-08-06 Degradation assembly
US12/614,614 US8453497B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2009-11-09 Test fixture that positions a cutting element at a positive rake angle
US12/619,305 US8567532B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2009-11-16 Cutting element attached to downhole fixed bladed bit at a positive rake angle
US12/619,377 US8616305B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2009-11-16 Fixed bladed bit that shifts weight between an indenter and cutting elements
US12/619,466 US20100059289A1 (en) 2006-08-11 2009-11-16 Cutting Element with Low Metal Concentration
US12/619,423 US8714285B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2009-11-16 Method for drilling with a fixed bladed bit
US12/915,250 US8573331B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2010-10-29 Roof mining drill bit
US13/077,964 US8191651B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2011-03-31 Sensor on a formation engaging member of a drill bit
US13/077,970 US8596381B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2011-03-31 Sensor on a formation engaging member of a drill bit
US13/182,421 US8534767B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2011-07-13 Manually rotatable tool
US13/208,103 US9316061B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2011-08-11 High impact resistant degradation element
US13/919,749 US8998346B2 (en) 2007-03-15 2013-06-17 Attack tool with an interruption
US14/065,119 US9366089B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2013-10-28 Cutting element attached to downhole fixed bladed bit at a positive rake angle
US14/089,385 US9051795B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2013-11-25 Downhole drill bit
US14/101,972 US9145742B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2013-12-10 Pointed working ends on a drill bit
US14/717,567 US9708856B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2015-05-20 Downhole drill bit
US14/829,037 US9915102B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2015-08-18 Pointed working ends on a bit
US15/651,308 US20180258706A9 (en) 2006-08-11 2017-07-17 Downhole Drill Bit Incorporating Cutting Elements of Different Geometries

Related Parent Applications (4)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/695,672 Continuation-In-Part US7396086B1 (en) 2006-06-16 2007-04-03 Press-fit pick
US76686507A Continuation 2007-06-22 2007-06-22
US76686507A Continuation-In-Part 2007-06-22 2007-06-22
US11/766,975 Continuation US8122980B2 (en) 2007-06-22 2007-06-22 Rotary drag bit with pointed cutting elements

Related Child Applications (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/733,271 Continuation-In-Part US20070259759A1 (en) 2002-03-12 2007-04-10 Vibrationary exercise equipment
US11/766,975 Continuation-In-Part US8122980B2 (en) 2007-06-22 2007-06-22 Rotary drag bit with pointed cutting elements
US11/773,271 Continuation-In-Part US7997661B2 (en) 2006-06-16 2007-07-03 Tapered bore in a pick

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20130341999A1 true US20130341999A1 (en) 2013-12-26

Family

ID=49773818

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/766,903 Abandoned US20130341999A1 (en) 2006-06-16 2007-06-22 Attack Tool with an Interruption

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US20130341999A1 (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3830321A (en) * 1973-02-20 1974-08-20 Kennametal Inc Excavating tool and a bit for use therewith
DE3431888A1 (en) * 1983-09-05 1985-03-21 De Beers Ind Diamond A cutting tool for a mining machine or the like
JPS60145973A (en) * 1984-01-10 1985-08-01 Sumitomo Electric Industries Composite sintered tool
US4940288A (en) * 1988-07-20 1990-07-10 Kennametal Inc. Earth engaging cutter bit
RU2263212C1 (en) * 2004-04-26 2005-10-27 Открытое акционерное общество "Копейский машиностроительный завод" Cutting tool for mining machine
US7469972B2 (en) * 2006-06-16 2008-12-30 Hall David R Wear resistant tool

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3830321A (en) * 1973-02-20 1974-08-20 Kennametal Inc Excavating tool and a bit for use therewith
DE3431888A1 (en) * 1983-09-05 1985-03-21 De Beers Ind Diamond A cutting tool for a mining machine or the like
JPS60145973A (en) * 1984-01-10 1985-08-01 Sumitomo Electric Industries Composite sintered tool
US4940288A (en) * 1988-07-20 1990-07-10 Kennametal Inc. Earth engaging cutter bit
RU2263212C1 (en) * 2004-04-26 2005-10-27 Открытое акционерное общество "Копейский машиностроительный завод" Cutting tool for mining machine
US7469972B2 (en) * 2006-06-16 2008-12-30 Hall David R Wear resistant tool

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6601662B2 (en) Polycrystalline diamond cutters with working surfaces having varied wear resistance while maintaining impact strength
CA1170028A (en) Method of fabrication of rock bit inserts
AU731033B2 (en) Combination milling tool and drill bit
US4943488A (en) Low pressure bonding of PCD bodies and method for drill bits and the like
US5135061A (en) Cutting elements for rotary drill bits
CA1242587A (en) Sintered polycrystalline diamond compact construction with integral heat sink
US4766040A (en) Temperature resistant abrasive polycrystalline diamond bodies
US5837071A (en) Diamond coated cutting tool insert and method of making same
US5116568A (en) Method for low pressure bonding of PCD bodies
EP1036913B1 (en) A method of applying a wear--resistant layer to a surface of a downhole component
US4156329A (en) Method for fabricating a rotary drill bit and composite compact cutters therefor
EP0264674B1 (en) Low pressure bonding of PCD bodies and method
US5348108A (en) Rolling cone bit with improved wear resistant inserts
US5030276A (en) Low pressure bonding of PCD bodies and method
US6193770B1 (en) Brazed diamond tools by infiltration
EP0157625B1 (en) Composite tool
JP5870071B2 (en) Articles having improved thermal cracking resistance
US6065552A (en) Cutting elements with binderless carbide layer
US5755299A (en) Hardfacing with coated diamond particles
US6408958B1 (en) Superabrasive cutting assemblies including cutters of varying orientations and drill bits so equipped
CA1238308A (en) Self sharpening drag bit for sub-surface formation drilling
EP1190791A2 (en) Polycrystalline diamond cutters with working surfaces having varied wear resistance while maintaining impact strength
US20110031031A1 (en) Cutting element for a drill bit used in drilling subterranean formations
EP1079063A1 (en) Unsupported cuttings elements for rotary drill bits
US7469756B2 (en) Tool with a large volume of a superhard material

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION, TEXAS

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:HALL, DAVID R., MR.;REEL/FRAME:023973/0849

Effective date: 20100122

AS Assignment

Owner name: HALL, DAVID R., MR., UTAH

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:CROCKETT, RONALD B., MR.;JEPSON, JEFF, MR.;BAILEY, JOHN,MR.;SIGNING DATES FROM 20100115 TO 20100120;REEL/FRAME:024026/0915

AS Assignment

Owner name: NOVATEK, INC., UTAH

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:030626/0568

Effective date: 20130531