US20120321285A1 - Heat exchanger - Google Patents

Heat exchanger Download PDF

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Publication number
US20120321285A1
US20120321285A1 US13392178 US201013392178A US20120321285A1 US 20120321285 A1 US20120321285 A1 US 20120321285A1 US 13392178 US13392178 US 13392178 US 201013392178 A US201013392178 A US 201013392178A US 20120321285 A1 US20120321285 A1 US 20120321285A1
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US
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Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
element
heat
heating
channel
exchanger
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US13392178
Inventor
Dirk Scherer
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
WIWA WILHELM WAGNER GmbH and Co KG
Original Assignee
WIWA WILHELM WAGNER GmbH and Co KG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B3/00Ohmic-resistance heating
    • H05B3/78Heating arrangements specially adapted for immersion heating
    • H05B3/82Fixedly-mounted immersion heaters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H1/00Water heaters having heat generating means, e.g. boiler, flow- heater, water-storage heater
    • F24H1/10Continuous-flow heaters, i.e. in which heat is generated only while the water is flowing, e.g. with direct contact of the water with the heating medium
    • F24H1/12Continuous-flow heaters, i.e. in which heat is generated only while the water is flowing, e.g. with direct contact of the water with the heating medium in which the water is kept separate from the heating medium
    • F24H1/121Continuous-flow heaters, i.e. in which heat is generated only while the water is flowing, e.g. with direct contact of the water with the heating medium in which the water is kept separate from the heating medium using electric energy supply

Abstract

The invention relates to a heat exchanger (10) for heating flowable media, in particular highly viscous materials, coating materials, or the like, comprising a profile body (11, 12) having at least one flow channel segment (13, 14, 15, 16) of a flow channel of the heat exchanger, and a heating unit disposed in the profile body, wherein the heating unit comprises at least two electric heating elements (22, 24). A first heating element (22) is disposed in a heating element receptacle (23) formed in the profile body, and a second heating element (24) is disposed in a sleeve element (17) of the heating unit, wherein the sleeve element is disposed in the flow channel segment formed in the profile body, such that the heating elements are sealed against the flow channel.

Description

  • [0001]
    The invention relates to a heat exchanger for heating flowable media, in particular high-viscosity materials, coating materials, or the like, comprising a profile body having at least one flow channel section of a flow channel of the heat exchanger and a heating device, which is arranged in the profile body, the heating device having at least two electrical heating elements.
  • [0002]
    Heat exchangers of this type are sufficiently known and are regularly used as a continuous flow heater for heating coating materials in the field of spraying technology. The coating material is conveyed by means of a pump through the flow channel of the heat exchanger, heating of the coating material being performed through the contact thereof with heat exchanger surfaces inside the flow channel. Electrical heating elements are typically used for generating the heat energy, which are arranged in a body of the heat exchanger that forms at least a section of the flow channel. The heating element or elements must be arranged in the body in such a manner that uniform heating of the flow channel occurs. It is disadvantageous here in particular that the heat transfer from the heating elements to the coating material only occurs indirectly and the body, which is formed from metal, must first be heated.
  • [0003]
    Furthermore, embodiments of heat exchangers are known in which a heating element is arranged directly in the flow channel. Rapid and effective heating of the coating material is possible here, however, in the case of the comparatively small heat exchanger surface of the heating element, the danger exists of overheating of the coating material. The coating material can also easily bake or accumulate on a heating element surface, which can in turn result in clogging of the flow channel. In contrast, a comparatively smaller temperature gradient between a flow channel inner surface and the coating material is achievable with the arrangement of the heating elements in the body, but in this case a comparatively long flow channel must be implemented to implement a required larger heat exchanger surface. A more complicated channel guide or a more complex structure of the body results therefrom in a disadvantageous way, in particular since the heat exchanger is frequently used in combination with a mobile spraying device and must therefore be relatively compact in its dimensions.
  • [0004]
    Cleaning of the flow channel is also frequently necessary, for example, in the event of a change of the coating materials, in the event of clogging, or after ending a coating procedure, the heat exchanger and in particular the flow channel typically being cumbersome to disassemble or difficult to clean. This is predominantly the case in the heat exchangers known from the prior art, since the flow channel forms bends or curves in the body, which can only be reached using a cleaning tool with difficulty or which require time-consuming disassembly of the heat exchanger.
  • [0005]
    The present invention is therefore based on the object of proposing a heat exchanger which has a simple and compact, easy-to-clean structure and nonetheless allows improved heat transfer.
  • [0006]
    This object is achieved by a heat exchanger having the features of claim 1.
  • [0007]
    The heat exchanger according to the invention for heating flowable media, in particular high-viscosity materials, coating materials, or the like, comprises a profile body having at least one flow channel section of a flow channel of the heat exchanger and a heating device arranged in the profile body, the heating device having at least two electrical heating elements, a first heating element being arranged in a heating element receptacle implemented in the profile body, and a second heating element being arranged in a sleeve element of the heating device, the sleeve element being arranged in the flow channel section implemented in the profile body in such a manner that the heating elements are sealed in relation to the flow channel.
  • [0008]
    In particular the heating of the profile body using a heating element and the use of the sleeve element, which is also heated, in the flow channel section allow particularly effective heat transfer to the flowable medium, since the effectively heated heat exchanger surfaces are relatively large. The flowable medium thus comes into contact with a flow channel inner surface and a sleeve element surface, which are heated by the first or the second heating element, respectively. It is advantageous that the flow channel section is implemented by a profile body, which is geometrically uniform and therefore easy to clean. A profile body does not have bends or openings, in which possible accumulations could only be removed with difficulty, and is additionally simple to produce and available in arbitrary lengths. Because of the effective heating, the flow channel of the heat exchanger can be dimensioned as relatively short, without a heating element coming into direct contact with the medium. Local overheating of the medium also can hardly occur in the flow channel section because of the uniform heat distribution via the heat exchanger surfaces implemented in this manner. The negative effects connected thereto are thus avoided in particular because the heating elements cannot come into contact with the medium.
  • [0009]
    The heat exchanger can advantageously comprise a plurality of profile bodies arranged in parallel. A flow rate can thus be increased or alternatively a flow channel section can be lengthened. The heat exchanger can in particular be implemented so that a modular structure of the heat exchanger having a number of profile bodies suitable for the respective application is possible. Adaptation of the heat exchanger to special customer wishes or requirements is therefore easily possible without greater production expenditure.
  • [0010]
    The heat exchanger can also comprise a cover element and a base element, which are each arranged on profile ends of the profile body. For example, a plurality of profile bodies can be mounted between the cover element and the base element by means of the cover element and the base element. The cover element and the base element can also be sealed in relation to the profile ends so that the flowable medium cannot exit from the heat exchanger in an undesired manner.
  • [0011]
    Attachment channels of the flow channel can also be implemented in the cover element and/or in the base element. The attachment channels then do not have to be arranged in one or more profile bodies, but rather can simply be arranged on the above-mentioned elements, depending on the use requirement of the heat exchanger. A plurality of connection channels can also be provided on different sides of the cover element and/or the base element for optional use. The unused attachment channels can then be closed using a screw connection, for example.
  • [0012]
    It is particularly advantageous if at least one connection channel for connecting flow channel sections is implemented in the cover element and/or in the base element. Multiple flow channel sections can thus be connected one behind another in series. The number of connection channels can vary depending on the number of profile bodies used. Therefore, it is merely necessary to replace cover element and/or base element having the corresponding number of identical profile bodies to implement heat exchangers having different heating powers.
  • [0013]
    An advantageous mounting of the sleeve element is possible if the sleeve element is fixedly connected to the cover element. To clean the flow channel, the cover element must then merely be disassembled from the profile body, the cover element then being removed together with the sleeve element from the profile body or from the flow channel section. The sleeve element surface and also the flow channel inner surface are thus easily accessible for cleaning. The first heating element, which is arranged in the heating element receptacle of the profile body, can preferably also be connected to the cover element in a suitable manner.
  • [0014]
    The heat exchanger can be produced particularly simply if the flow channel section and the heating element receptacle are implemented as passage boreholes in the profile element in the longitudinal direction of the profile element.
  • [0015]
    In order to implement a heat exchanger surface which is greatly enlarged in relation to a conventional heating element, the sleeve element can implement a polygonal cross-section.
  • [0016]
    If the sleeve element has a plurality of longitudinal grooves distributed around the periphery on its peripheral surface, in such a manner that the sleeve element forms a star-shaped cross section, a heat exchanger surface or sleeve element surface can be enlarged still further.
  • [0017]
    Particularly large heat exchanger surfaces are possible if an external diameter of the sleeve element essentially corresponds to an internal diameter of the flow channel section. A flow channel cross-section is then solely implemented by the intermediate space, which is annular in cross-section, between flow channel inner surface and sleeve element surface.
  • [0018]
    A plurality of partial channels of the flow channel section can thus also be implemented between the sleeve element and the profile body. If the sleeve element surface at least sectionally comes into contact with the flow channel inner surface, a particularly good seat of the sleeve element in the flow channel section is additionally ensured.
  • [0019]
    In an advantageous embodiment, the heat exchanger can have heating elements in a ratio of two second heating elements to one first heating element.
  • [0020]
    A simple, joint attachment of all heating elements to a power supply or subdistributor is made possible if the heat exchanger has an attachment device for attaching the heating elements on the cover element. The attachment device can comprise a housing, which is sealed in relation to the surroundings, having devices for the subdistribution for the electrical heating elements and control or regulating devices.
  • [0021]
    At least one temperature sensor can be arranged in the flow channel to implement a temperature regulation. Multiple temperature sensors can optionally be provided to ascertain a temperature differential along the flow channel. A temperature regulation can preferably be performed based on measured values of the temperature sensor using a programmable logic controller (PLC).
  • [0022]
    The flow channel itself can be implemented as meandering, for example, by flow channel sections arranged in series one after another, which are connected via connection channels. A compact embodiment of the heat exchanger can thus be implemented particularly simply.
  • [0023]
    The heat exchanger can advantageously have an insulation device, which minimizes possible heat losses to an environment. Furthermore, the insulation device can protect operating personnel from possible burns.
  • [0024]
    The invention is explained in greater detail hereafter with reference to the appended drawings.
  • [0025]
    In the figures:
  • [0026]
    FIG. 1 shows a first perspective view of a heat exchanger;
  • [0027]
    FIG. 2 shows a second perspective view of the heat exchanger;
  • [0028]
    FIG. 3 shows a cross-sectional view of the heat exchanger in a perspective view;
  • [0029]
    FIG. 4 shows a longitudinal sectional view of the heat exchanger in a perspective view;
  • [0030]
    FIG. 5 shows a longitudinal sectional view of the heat exchanger in a perspective view;
  • [0031]
    FIG. 6 shows a partial longitudinal sectional view of the heat exchanger in a perspective view.
  • [0032]
    A consideration of FIGS. 1 to 6 together shows a heat exchanger 10 in various perspective views and sections. The heat exchanger comprises two profile bodies 11 and 12, which implement flow channel sections 13 and 14 or 15 and 16 like a passage borehole. Furthermore, sleeve elements 17 are arranged in each of the flow channel sections, which have a star-shaped profile cross-section 18, so that a plurality of partial channels 21 is implemented between a flow channel inner surface 19 and a sleeve element surface 20. Furthermore, the heat exchanger 10 comprises first heating elements 22, which are arranged in a heating element receptacle 23, which is implemented in the profile body 11 or 12 and is implemented like a passage borehole. Second heating elements 24 are arranged in the sleeve elements 17 in sleeve element receptacles 25, which are also implemented as a passage borehole. The first heating elements 22 and second heating elements 24 are each arranged in the heating element receptacles 23 or 25, respectively, so that a touch contact exists for particularly good heat transfer between the first heating elements 22 and the profile bodies 11 or 12 and between the second heating elements 24 and the sleeve elements 17. In order to prevent penetration of a flowable medium (not shown here) into the heating element receptacle 25, a sealing screw 27 is screwed into the sleeve element 17 at a lower end 26 of the sleeve element 17 in each case.
  • [0033]
    Furthermore, the heat exchanger 10 comprises a cover element 28 and a base element 29, which are arranged on profile ends 30 to 33 of the profile bodies 11 or 12 and are fixedly screwed thereon by means of screws 34. Furthermore, two connection channels 35 and 36 are implemented like a transverse borehole in the base element 29 and are each closed using a screw 37. The connection channel 35 connects the flow channel sections 13 and 15 and the connection channel 36 connects the flow channel sections 14 and 16, respectively. A connection channel 38 having a screw 37, which connects the flow channel sections 13 and 14, is also provided in the cover element 28. Furthermore, attachment channels 39 and 40 are implemented like a borehole in the cover element 28, which are connected to the flow channel sections 15 or 16. Attachment screw connections 41 for attaching the heat exchanger 10 to a supply line or drain line (not shown here) of a spraying device are screwed into the attachment channels 39 and 40. Overall, through the relative arrangement of the flow channel sections 13 to 16 and the connection channels 35, 36, and 38, a meandering implementation of a flow channel 42 results.
  • [0034]
    Seals 43 are arranged on the profile ends 30 to 33 to seal the cover element 28 and the base element 29 with the profile bodies 11 and 12. Furthermore, the sleeve elements 17 are provided on their upper ends 44 with a peripheral groove 45 and a thread 46. The sleeve elements 17 are thus fixedly screwed into the cover element 28 by means of the thread 46. The peripheral groove 45 is essentially used for improved distribution of the medium to be heated.
  • [0035]
    Furthermore, an attachment device 47 having an attachment housing 48 and an attachment terminal 49 is arranged on the cover element 28. The attachment terminal 49 is essentially used for the electrical connection of the first heating elements 22 and second heating elements 24 to a central power supply. The attachment housing 48 is formed from a housing ring 50 having a housing cover 51, which are connected to the cover element 28 so that a sealed attachment chamber 52 is formed.
  • [0036]
    A temperature sensor 53 is arranged in the attachment channel 39 or in the cover element 28 and a temperature sensor 54 is arranged in the profile body 12 or in the flow channel section 15. Both temperature sensors 53 and 54 are connected to a PLC (not shown here) for regulating the temperature.
  • [0037]
    For disassembly to clean the heat exchanger 10 it is solely necessary to remove the screws 34 from the cover element 28 and thus to disconnect the cover element 28 from the profile bodies 11 and 12, the sleeve elements 17 then being able to be pulled out of the flow channel sections 13 to 16. The flow channel inner surface 19 can now be mechanically cleaned easily, if necessary, the base element 29 also being able to be removed from the profile bodies 11 and 12 easily by loosening the screws 34. The sleeve element surface 20 which is then exposed can also be cleaned easily.

Claims (16)

  1. 1. A heat exchanger for heating flowable media, in particular high-viscosity materials, coating materials, or the like, said heat exchanger comprising:
    a profile body having at least one flow channel section of a flow channel of the heat exchanger;
    a heating device arranged in the profile body, the heating device having at least two electrical heating elements;
    a first heating element of the heating device is arranged in a heating element receptacle implemented in the profile body; and
    a second heating element of the heating device is arranged in a sleeve element of the heating device, the sleeve element being arranged in the flow channel section implemented in the profile body in such a manner that the heating elements are sealed in relation to the flow channel.
  2. 2. The heat exchanger according to claim 1, in which the heat exchanger includes a plurality of profile bodies arranged in parallel.
  3. 3. The heat exchanger according to claim 1, in which the heat exchanger includes a cover element and a base element, which are each arranged on profile ends of the profile body.
  4. 4. The heat exchanger according to claim 3, in which attachment channels of the flow channel are implemented in at least one of the cover element and/or in the base element.
  5. 5. The heat exchanger according to claim 3, in which at least one connection channel for the connection of flow channel sections is implemented in at least one of the cover element and in the base element.
  6. 6. The heat exchanger according to claim 3, in which the sleeve element is fixedly connected to the cover element.
  7. 7. The heat exchanger according to claim 1, in which the flow channel sections and the heating element receptacle are implemented as passage boreholes in the profile body in the longitudinal direction of the profile body.
  8. 8. The heat exchanger according to claim 7, in which the sleeve element has a polygonal cross-section.
  9. 9. The heat exchanger according to claim 8, in which the sleeve element has a peripheral surface, and a plurality of longitudinal grooves are distributed on a periphery of the peripheral surface in such a manner that the sleeve element has a star-shaped cross section.
  10. 10. The heat exchanger according to claim 8, in which an external diameter of the sleeve element essentially corresponds to an internal diameter of the flow channel sections.
  11. 11. The heat exchanger according to claim 10, in which a plurality of partial channels of the flow channel sections are implemented between the sleeve element and the profile body.
  12. 12. The heat exchanger according to claim 1, in which the heat exchanger has heating elements in a ratio of two second heating elements to one first heating element.
  13. 13. The heat exchanger according to claim 1, in which the heat exchanger has an attachment device for attaching the heating elements on the cover element.
  14. 14. The heat exchanger according to claim 1, in which at least one temperature sensor is arranged in the flow channel.
  15. 15. The heat exchanger according to claim 1, in which the flow channel is implemented as meandering.
  16. 16. The heat exchanger according to claim 1, in which the heat exchanger has an insulation device.
US13392178 2009-08-27 2010-08-20 Heat exchanger Abandoned US20120321285A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE200910038762 DE102009038762B4 (en) 2009-08-27 2009-08-27 Heat exchanger
DE102009038762.5 2009-08-27
PCT/EP2010/062167 WO2011023636A3 (en) 2009-08-27 2010-08-20 Heat exchanger

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20120321285A1 true true US20120321285A1 (en) 2012-12-20

Family

ID=43524999

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US13392178 Abandoned US20120321285A1 (en) 2009-08-27 2010-08-20 Heat exchanger

Country Status (5)

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US (1) US20120321285A1 (en)
EP (1) EP2471339B1 (en)
DE (1) DE102009038762B4 (en)
ES (1) ES2609425T3 (en)
WO (1) WO2011023636A3 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104937348A (en) * 2013-01-25 2015-09-23 瓦格纳喷涂技术有限公司 Plural component system heater

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US3968346A (en) * 1973-06-01 1976-07-06 Cooksley Ralph D Method and apparatus for electrically heating a fluid
US3999190A (en) * 1975-10-22 1976-12-21 Burroughs Corporation Temperature control system for ink jet printer
US4808793A (en) * 1986-11-13 1989-02-28 Everhot Corporation Tankless electric water heater with instantaneous hot water output
US4835365A (en) * 1986-09-29 1989-05-30 Etheridge David R De-ionized fluid heater and control system
US5506931A (en) * 1994-03-09 1996-04-09 The Commonwealth Of Puerto Rico Immersion type water heating element assembly with permanently wired electrical supply
US6240250B1 (en) * 1999-06-10 2001-05-29 Byron Blanco, Jr. Compact in-line tankless double element water heater
US20050185942A1 (en) * 2004-02-24 2005-08-25 Fabrizio Edward V. Electric tankless water heater
US7088915B1 (en) * 2005-03-15 2006-08-08 Ion Tankless, Inc. Modular tankless water heater
US20060222351A1 (en) * 2003-02-12 2006-10-05 Cem Cezayirli Pre-heating contiguous in-line water heater
US20080159726A1 (en) * 2006-12-27 2008-07-03 Barkey Gmbh & Co. Kg Device for temperature controlled heating of a fluid line
US7592572B2 (en) * 2005-07-26 2009-09-22 Türk + Hillinger GmbH Compressed cartridge heater
US20090321417A1 (en) * 2007-04-20 2009-12-31 David Burns Floating insulated conductors for heating subsurface formations
US8249437B2 (en) * 2004-02-05 2012-08-21 Graco Minnesota, Inc. Hybrid heater

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DE2156029A1 (en) * 1971-11-11 1973-05-17 Wagner Fa Ing Josef A device for heating liquids
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FR2661488A1 (en) * 1990-04-25 1991-10-31 Vulcanic Sa three-dimensional heat exchanger Power Supplies.
DE4300163C1 (en) * 1993-01-07 1994-03-17 Boellhoff Verfahrenstech Electric through flow water heater for use in explosive area - has pressure tight encapsulation space around electric surface heating element in contact with water heater housing
DE19524683A1 (en) * 1995-07-06 1997-01-09 Polyplan Gmbh Polyurethan Masc Continuous flow electric water heater - has cylindrical container with lids at ends, containing heating insert with spiral electrical winding fitting tightly in annular space
JP2003148806A (en) * 2001-11-12 2003-05-21 Sakaguchi Dennetsu Kk Fluid heater
DE202005017693U1 (en) * 2005-11-11 2006-02-23 Ko, Hao-Chih, Linkou Shiang Heater structure for liquids e.g. refrigerant, has electric plug inserted into central channel of heater body via central opening of one of end plates at both ends of body

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3968346A (en) * 1973-06-01 1976-07-06 Cooksley Ralph D Method and apparatus for electrically heating a fluid
US3999190A (en) * 1975-10-22 1976-12-21 Burroughs Corporation Temperature control system for ink jet printer
US4835365A (en) * 1986-09-29 1989-05-30 Etheridge David R De-ionized fluid heater and control system
US4808793A (en) * 1986-11-13 1989-02-28 Everhot Corporation Tankless electric water heater with instantaneous hot water output
US5506931A (en) * 1994-03-09 1996-04-09 The Commonwealth Of Puerto Rico Immersion type water heating element assembly with permanently wired electrical supply
US6240250B1 (en) * 1999-06-10 2001-05-29 Byron Blanco, Jr. Compact in-line tankless double element water heater
US20060222351A1 (en) * 2003-02-12 2006-10-05 Cem Cezayirli Pre-heating contiguous in-line water heater
US8249437B2 (en) * 2004-02-05 2012-08-21 Graco Minnesota, Inc. Hybrid heater
US20050185942A1 (en) * 2004-02-24 2005-08-25 Fabrizio Edward V. Electric tankless water heater
US7088915B1 (en) * 2005-03-15 2006-08-08 Ion Tankless, Inc. Modular tankless water heater
US7592572B2 (en) * 2005-07-26 2009-09-22 Türk + Hillinger GmbH Compressed cartridge heater
US20080159726A1 (en) * 2006-12-27 2008-07-03 Barkey Gmbh & Co. Kg Device for temperature controlled heating of a fluid line
US20090321417A1 (en) * 2007-04-20 2009-12-31 David Burns Floating insulated conductors for heating subsurface formations

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104937348A (en) * 2013-01-25 2015-09-23 瓦格纳喷涂技术有限公司 Plural component system heater
US9156046B2 (en) 2013-01-25 2015-10-13 Wagner Spray Tech Corporation Plural component system heater

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
WO2011023636A2 (en) 2011-03-03 application
WO2011023636A3 (en) 2012-03-29 application
DE102009038762A8 (en) 2011-06-01 grant
EP2471339B1 (en) 2016-10-05 grant
DE102009038762B4 (en) 2011-09-01 grant
EP2471339A2 (en) 2012-07-04 application
DE102009038762A1 (en) 2011-03-03 application
ES2609425T3 (en) 2017-04-20 grant

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AS Assignment

Owner name: WIWA WILHELM WAGNER GMBH & CO. KG, GERMANY

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SCHERER, DIRK;REEL/FRAME:028181/0885

Effective date: 20120314