US20120228980A1 - Two-phase brushless dc motor - Google Patents

Two-phase brushless dc motor Download PDF

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Publication number
US20120228980A1
US20120228980A1 US13/476,268 US201213476268A US2012228980A1 US 20120228980 A1 US20120228980 A1 US 20120228980A1 US 201213476268 A US201213476268 A US 201213476268A US 2012228980 A1 US2012228980 A1 US 2012228980A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
poles
motor
electromagnetic
pole
rotor
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Abandoned
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US13/476,268
Inventor
Young-Chun Jeung
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SNTech Inc
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SNTech Inc
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Filing date
Publication date
Priority to KR1020050035861A priority Critical patent/KR100653434B1/en
Priority to KR10-2005-035861 priority
Priority to US11/210,886 priority patent/US8004141B2/en
Priority to US13/215,151 priority patent/US8183733B2/en
Application filed by SNTech Inc filed Critical SNTech Inc
Priority to US13/476,268 priority patent/US20120228980A1/en
Publication of US20120228980A1 publication Critical patent/US20120228980A1/en
Assigned to ROLAND, BRENT reassignment ROLAND, BRENT SECURITY AGREEMENT Assignors: SNTECH CO., LTD., SNTECH INC.
Assigned to SNTECH, INC. reassignment SNTECH, INC. RELEASE BY SECURED PARTY (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: ROLAND, BRENT
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K29/00Motors or generators having non-mechanical commutating devices, e.g. discharge tubes or semiconductor devices
    • H02K29/03Motors or generators having non-mechanical commutating devices, e.g. discharge tubes or semiconductor devices with a magnetic circuit specially adapted for avoiding torque ripples or self-starting problems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K21/00Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets
    • H02K21/12Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets with stationary armatures and rotating magnets
    • H02K21/14Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets with stationary armatures and rotating magnets with magnets rotating within the armatures
    • H02K21/16Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets with stationary armatures and rotating magnets with magnets rotating within the armatures having annular armature cores with salient poles

Abstract

A brushless motor includes a two-phase winding stator having 4×n winding poles and auxiliary poles provided between the winding poles, and a rotor constituted by 6×n permanent magnet rotating poles having divided angle. The two-phase brushless motor can be driven by a control device for the two-phase motor which can transform electric power and rectify electronically. The two-phase brushless DC motor can increase a permeance coefficient of the rotor, improve the efficiency and the starting of the motor, and reduce torque ripple and noise thereof.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application is a continuation application of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 13/215,151, filed Aug. 22, 2011, which is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/210,886, filed Aug. 25, 2005, now U.S. Pat. No. 8,004,141, which claims the priority to Korean Patent Application No. 10-2005-035861 filed Apr. 29, 2005. The disclosures of U.S. patent application Ser. Nos. 11/210,886 and 13/215,151 and Korean Patent Application No. 10-2005-035861 are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.
  • BACKGROUND
  • 1. Field
  • The present disclosure relates to a brushless motor, and in particular to a two-phase brushless DC motor.
  • 2. Discussion of the Related Technology
  • In general, a brushless motor refers to a DC motor which modifies a rectifier equipped with a brush as a mechanical part into an electric means.
  • Accordingly, it has been studied and developed in various fields because no wear, no dust, and no electric noise is produced and it is good for output and efficiency to make it adapted to a high speed rotation type motor.
  • In this brushless motor, the rotor of the DC motor around which coils are wound is substituted with a permanent magnet, and the speed control method has been changed from a voltage control type into a magnetization phase control type to thereby require a driving circuit.
  • Further, the brushless motor in general comprises a rotor made of permanent magnet and a stator which is magnetized by rectified electric voltage of an electronic switching circuit.
  • The two-phase brushless motor is driven with the magnetization angle having 90 degrees phase difference, and is comprised of a rotor made of permanent magnet having 2×n poles and a stator having 4×n pole windings.
  • Meanwhile, the three-phase brushless motor is driven with the magnetization angle having 60 degree phase difference, and is comprised of a rotor made of permanent magnet having 2×n poles and a stator having 6×n pole windings.
  • FIG. 1 is a view for showing rotation power transformation construction of a conventional two-phase brushless motor, and FIG. 2 is a diagram of a wave shape of a rotation torque for showing a driving step or operation of the conventional two-phase brushless motor.
  • As shown in FIG. 1, a conventional two-phase brushless motor comprises a basic rotor 2 with two poles and a stator 1 having four pole windings.
  • The constructed two-phase brushless motor produces rotation torque having 90 degree phase difference as shown in FIG. 2.
  • In this instance, as winding current flows between 0 and 180 degrees and big current flows between 0 and 45 degrees due to small counter electromotive forces, it is necessary to take note of a driving circuit and the angle of a torque ripple is big.
  • Furthermore, it is preferable to shorten the distance between poles of the permanent magnets in the rotor 2 and broaden a pole area of the stator 1 to correspond to that of the permanent magnet of the rotor 2 and decrease air gap defined there-between so that it is possible to make use of the magnetic energy to the maximum by increasing the permeance coefficient of the motor magnetic circuit.
  • However, since the two-phase brushless motor cannot but be comprised of the rotor 2 having 2×n poles and a stator 1 having 4×n pole windings, the distance between poles of the permanent magnets in the rotor 2 is relatively large in comparison with that of the pole windings of the stator 1, and the pole area of the stator 1 corresponding to that of the permanent magnet of the rotor 2 is small to result in a small permeance coefficient and low utilization efficiency of the magnetic energy.
  • Therefore, according to two-phase brushless motor, it is not adaptable to a large size motor because it is great in torque ripple and small in electromotive torque.
  • FIG. 3 is a view for showing rotation power transformation construction of a conventional three-phase brushless motor, and FIG. 4 is a diagram showing a wave shape of a rotation torque for illustrating a driving step of the conventional three-phase brushless motor.
  • Meanwhile, as shown in FIG. 3, the conventional three-phase brushless motor is comprised of a basic rotor 20 with two poles and a stator 10 with 6 polar windings.
  • As shown in FIG. 4, the three-phase brushless motor produces rotation torque having 60 degrees phase difference, and winding current flows between 0 and 120 degrees and a torque ripple angle having small counter electromotive force exists between 0 and 30 degrees.
  • However, although the three-phase brushless motor is more advantageous than the two-phase brushless motor, it cannot but to be comprised of the rotor 20 having 2×n poles and the stator 10 having 6×n pole windings in construction, and thus, the distance between poles of the permanent magnets in the rotor 20 is long, and the pole area of the stator corresponding to that of the permanent magnet of the rotor 20 is small to result in a small permeance coefficient and low utilization efficiency of the magnetic energy.
  • Although the two-phase or three-phase brushless motor is driven through or by a wave bipolar magnetization, which is a conventional optimum driving method, limitations exist in utilizing the magnetic energy to the maximum in view of the principal structure, and structural problems arise in improving efficiencies.
  • SUMMARY
  • Additional aspects and/or advantages of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and, in part, will be apparent from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention.
  • According to an aspect of the present invention, a two-phase brushless motor is provided which can improve large rotation torque features and efficiency by way of providing a permanent magnetic rotor having a greater number of divided poles than that of the windings of a stator to thereby maximize utilization efficiency of the magnetic energy of the motor and to minimize phase difference of the rotation driving of the motor to be 30 degrees.
  • Further, another aspect of the present invention is to provide a two-phase brushless motor which can utilize effective magnetic energy to the maximum by way of providing a rotor having 6×n poles, which is three times the poles of the two or three-phase motor having 2×n basic poles, to thereby increase permeance coefficient of the permanent magnet of the rotor, and by way of providing a stator having 4×n winding poles to thereby assure stator poles having an area identical with the opposing area of the permanent magnet pole of the rotor to result in the increase of the permeance coefficient of the operation point. It is also understood that a stator having 4×n winding poles to thereby assure a stator pole having an area similar with the opposing area of the permanent magnet pole of the rotor to result in the increase of the permeance coefficient of the operation point.
  • Still another aspect of the present invention is to provide a two-phase brushless motor which can reduce copper loss and production cost by way of providing an auxiliary salient pole between respective winding poles of the stator to thereby constitute a magnetic circuit, which is capable of minimizing the cogging arising from the interaction between the rotors having 6×n poles, and minimizing the windings of the stator in comparison with the rotor pole to be 4×n.
  • According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a two-phase brushless motor comprising: a two-phase winding stator provided with 4×n winding poles; and auxiliary poles formed between the respective winding poles and a rotor constituted of 6×n permanent magnet rotation poles having identical divided angles. It is also understood that the auxiliary poles formed between the respective winding poles and a rotor constituted of 6×n permanent magnet rotation poles having predetermined angles.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • These and/or other aspects and advantages of the invention will become apparent and more readily appreciated from the following description of the embodiments, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of which:
  • FIG. 1 is a view for showing rotation power transformation construction of a conventional two-phase brushless motor;
  • FIG. 2 is a diagram showing a wave shape of a rotation torque for illustrating a driving step of the conventional two-phase brushless motor;
  • FIG. 3 is a view for showing rotation power transformation construction of a conventional three-phase brushless motor;
  • FIG. 4 is a diagram showing a wave shape of a rotation torque for illustrating a driving step of the conventional three-phase brushless motor;
  • FIG. 5 is a view for showing rotation power transformation construction of a two-phase brushless motor (4S6R) according to an embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 6 is a diagram showing a wave shape of magnetization current for driving the two-phase brushless motor according to an embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 7 is a view for showing an example of a driving circuit in the two-phase brushless motor according to an embodiment of the present invention; and
  • FIG. 8 is a view for showing a permeance coefficient of the brushless motor according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS
  • Reference will now be made in detail to the embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals refer to the like elements throughout.
  • According to embodiments of the present invention, there is provided a brushless motor fabricated by including a stator having 4×n poles and a permanent magnet rotor having 6×n poles, based on a motor constitution combined by a two-phase winding stator provided with four winding poles and a permanent magnet rotor provided with six poles divided into 60 divided degrees.
  • From now on, the constitution and action according to embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail in connection with FIGS. 5 to 7 showing the exemplary brushless motor including four poles stator windings and six poles rotor poles (4S6R) according to an aspect of the present invention.
  • As shown in FIG. 5, the brushless motor according to embodiments of the present invention includes a stator 100 constituted of four two-phase windings, a rotor 200 constituted of permanent magnets divided into 60 degrees, and four auxiliary poles 300 provided between respective winding poles 101 of the stator 100, wherein the stator 100 is provided with winding poles 101, which correspond to a split surface of a pole in the permanent magnet of the rotor 200 and are arranged at respective positions divided into 90 degrees.
  • With regard to an embodiment of the present invention, the stator 100 includes four two-phase windings 101 a formed at respective winding poles 101, each of which is arranged at a position divided by 90 degrees and corresponds to the divided surface of the rotor permanent magnet having divided angles of 60 degrees.
  • Accordingly, as marginal angles of 30 degrees are provided between the winding pole 101 and adjacent winding pole 101, the auxiliary poles 300 are provided within the marginal angles formed between the winding poles 101 of the stator 100, and a surface peripheral length of the auxiliary pole 300 is chosen to be a length excluding space for allowing insertion of winding coils, such as excluding 2-3 mm.
  • The rotor 200 is constituted by six permanent magnet poles having respective 60 degrees divided angle, each of which is arranged alternately by an N pole and an S pole.
  • The winding 101 a of the stator 100 is fabricated by inserting two-phase windings ΦA, ΦB having phase difference of 90 degrees into a slot of the winding pole 101.
  • As shown in FIG. 6, the two-phase brushless motor equipped with the above described auxiliary pole according to an embodiment of the present invention, the magnetization current features that respective phase has phase difference of 30 degrees/step, and features that it has a switching frequency of 3 Hz/phase per one rotation.
  • Consequently, as described above, according to an embodiment of the present invention, very stable rotation torque and starting features are obtained because a rotation step angle of the embodiment is smaller than that of the three-phase brushless motor having a phase difference of 60 degrees/step as shown in FIG. 4, and magnetization current features of the two-phase brushless motor having conventional phase difference of 90 degrees/step as shown in FIG. 2.
  • As the two-phase brushless motor according to embodiments of the present invention includes the 4×n stator and the 6×n rotor, there is provided a motor combined by the eight poles stator and twelve rotor magnet having 30 degrees divided poles or a motor combined by twelve poles stator and eighteen rotor magnet having 20 degrees divided poles.
  • FIG. 7 is a view for showing construction of a driving circuit of the two-phase brushless motor according to an aspect of the present invention.
  • As shown in FIG. 7, the driving circuit for driving the two-phase brushless motor according to embodiments of the present invention includes sensors 400, 400′ for detecting positions of the rotor, a two-phase logic circuit 500 for driving two-phase magnetization switching signals based on the detected positions of the rotor, and a switching circuit 600 for driving the motor through applying electric current to a two-phase windings of the stator 100 according to the two-phase magnetization switching signals of the two-phase logic circuit.
  • FIG. 8 is a view for showing a permeance coefficient of the brushless motor according to embodiments of the present invention.
  • As shown in FIG. 8, the permeance coefficient P3 of the permanent magnet rotor having more divided poles than the winding poles of the stator according to embodiments of the present invention is greater than that of the conventional two-phase brushless motor because the distance between the poles of the simple magnet becomes shorter, and is greater than that of the conventional three-phase brushless motor to thereby facilitate effective design of the motor capable of utilizing available magnet energy of the motor.
  • As described above, in the two-phase brushless motor according to embodiments of the present invention, it is possible to obtain rotation torque angle more minutely divided than that of the three-phase brushless motor by using the driving means of the two-phase brushless motor to thereby accomplish stable and strong starting torque and rotation features, in particular it is possible to obtain very high efficiency feature at mid and low rotation speed of the motor.
  • Furthermore, according to embodiments of the present invention, it is possible to efficiently utilize available magnet energy so that the winding mass of the coils in the stator can be reduced to thereby decrease volume and weight of the motor, resulting in a reduction of the production cost and an improvement in economical efficiency.
  • While the present invention has been described with reference to the particular illustrative embodiments, it is not to be restricted by the embodiments but only by the appended claims. It is to be appreciated that those skilled in the art can change or modify the embodiments without departing from the scope and spirit of the present invention.
  • Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it would be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes may be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (20)

1. A 2-phase brushless DC motor comprising:
a rotor comprising 6×n permanent magnet poles;
a stator comprising 4×n electromagnetic poles and 4×m auxiliary poles, wherein ‘n’ is an integer greater than zero, and ‘m’ is an integer greater than zero, wherein the 4×n electromagnetic poles comprises first and second electromagnetic poles, which are immediately neighboring among the 4×n electromagnetic poles, wherein at least one of the 4×m auxiliary poles being interposed between the first and second electromagnetic poles;
a first winding associated with the first electromagnetic pole;
a second winding associated with the second electromagnetic pole; and
a circuit configured to provide a first electrical signal to the first winding and a second electric signal to the second winding, whereby the 6×n permanent magnet poles of the rotor are magnetically interact with the 4×n electromagnetic poles and the 4×m auxiliary poles.
2. The motor of claim 1, wherein each of the 4×n electromagnetic poles has an angular width generally corresponding to an angular width of one of the 6×n permanent magnet poles of the rotor.
3. The motor of claim 1, wherein each of the 4×m auxiliary poles has an angular width generally corresponding to one half an angular width of one of the 6×n permanent magnet poles of the rotor.
4. The motor of claim 1, wherein ‘n’ is 1, wherein each electromagnetic pole has an angular width of about 60°.
5. The motor of claim 1, wherein ‘m’ is 1, wherein each auxiliary pole has an angular width of about 30°.
6. The motor of claim 1, wherein two immediately neighboring auxiliary poles among the 4×m auxiliary poles are apart from each other with an angular gap generally corresponding to an angular width of each permanent magnet pole of the rotor.
7. The motor of claim 1, wherein the first and second electromagnetic poles are apart from each other with an angular gap generally corresponding to one half an angular width of each permanent magnet pole of the rotor.
8. The motor of claim 1, wherein each permanent magnetic pole has a substantially identical angular width about a rotational axis of the rotor.
9. The motor of claim 1, wherein the first electric signal comprises a first waveform having a first period, wherein the second electric signal comprises a second waveform having a second period substantially the same as the first period, wherein the first and second electric signals have a phase difference of about ¼ of the first cycle.
10. The motor of claim 1, wherein the first electric signal comprises a first waveform having a first period, wherein the second electric signal comprises a second waveform having a second period substantially the same as the first period, wherein the first and second electric signals have a phase difference of about 30°.
11. The motor of claim 1, wherein the first electric signal comprises a first waveform having 3×n cycles per revolution of the rotor.
12. The motor of claim 1, wherein the electric motor further comprises:
a first sensor positioned adjacent to the first electromagnetic pole and configured to detect the rotor's position relative to the first electromagnetic pole; and
a second sensor positioned adjacent to the second electromagnetic pole and configured to detect the rotor's position relative to the second electromagnetic pole.
13. The motor of claim 1, wherein the 4×n electromagnetic poles further comprises third and fourth electromagnetic poles, wherein a third winding is associated with the third electromagnetic pole and electrically connected to the first winding, wherein a fourth electromagnetic pole is associated with the fourth electromagnetic pole and electrically connected to the second winding.
14. The motor of claim 13, wherein the first and third electromagnetic poles are opposingly arranged with each other, wherein the second and fourth electromagnetic poles are opposingly arranged with each other.
15. The motor of claim 1, wherein the electromagnetic poles and the auxiliary poles are integrated in a single piece.
16. The motor of claim 1, wherein ‘n’ is identical to ‘m’.
17. The motor of claim 16, wherein the electromagnetic poles and auxiliary poles are alternatingly arranged.
18. The motor of claim 1, wherein the 4×m auxiliary poles comprises a first auxiliary pole positioned immediately next to the first electromagnetic pole, wherein the first auxiliary pole is angularly spaced from the first electromagnetic pole.
19. The motor of claim 1, wherein each auxiliary pole does not comprise a winding that carries an electric signal while operating the motor.
20. The motor of claim 1, wherein each auxiliary pole comprises a tapered portion tapered in a radial direction of the rotor and has an angular width of about 30° throughout the tapered portion from a distal end to a proximal end thereof.
US13/476,268 2005-04-29 2012-05-21 Two-phase brushless dc motor Abandoned US20120228980A1 (en)

Priority Applications (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020050035861A KR100653434B1 (en) 2005-04-29 2005-04-29 Brushless DC motor
KR10-2005-035861 2005-04-29
US11/210,886 US8004141B2 (en) 2005-04-29 2005-08-25 Two-phase brushless DC motor
US13/215,151 US8183733B2 (en) 2005-04-29 2011-08-22 Two-phase brushless DC motor
US13/476,268 US20120228980A1 (en) 2005-04-29 2012-05-21 Two-phase brushless dc motor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

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US13/476,268 US20120228980A1 (en) 2005-04-29 2012-05-21 Two-phase brushless dc motor

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US13/215,151 Continuation US8183733B2 (en) 2005-04-29 2011-08-22 Two-phase brushless DC motor

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US11/210,886 Active 2027-04-12 US8004141B2 (en) 2005-04-29 2005-08-25 Two-phase brushless DC motor
US13/215,151 Expired - Fee Related US8183733B2 (en) 2005-04-29 2011-08-22 Two-phase brushless DC motor
US13/476,268 Abandoned US20120228980A1 (en) 2005-04-29 2012-05-21 Two-phase brushless dc motor

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US11/210,886 Active 2027-04-12 US8004141B2 (en) 2005-04-29 2005-08-25 Two-phase brushless DC motor
US13/215,151 Expired - Fee Related US8183733B2 (en) 2005-04-29 2011-08-22 Two-phase brushless DC motor

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US (3) US8004141B2 (en)
KR (1) KR100653434B1 (en)
CA (1) CA2531545C (en)
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US20110304291A1 (en) 2011-12-15
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