US20120174523A1 - Continuous metal building framing member - Google Patents

Continuous metal building framing member Download PDF

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Publication number
US20120174523A1
US20120174523A1 US12/986,641 US98664111A US2012174523A1 US 20120174523 A1 US20120174523 A1 US 20120174523A1 US 98664111 A US98664111 A US 98664111A US 2012174523 A1 US2012174523 A1 US 2012174523A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
member
rafter
framing
stud
framing member
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12/986,641
Inventor
Michael W. Zeeuw
Robert S. Clark
Original Assignee
Zeeuw Michael W
Clark Robert S
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zeeuw Michael W, Clark Robert S filed Critical Zeeuw Michael W
Priority to US12/986,641 priority Critical patent/US20120174523A1/en
Publication of US20120174523A1 publication Critical patent/US20120174523A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/38Arched girders or portal frames
    • E04C3/40Arched girders or portal frames of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2466Details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/249Structures with a sloping roof

Abstract

A continuous metal building framing member may be cut and bent to form at least one wall member and at least one roofing member. The continuous metal building framing member may eliminate or reduce the use of web connector clips, rafter ties, and stud-to-rafter or top plate-to-rafter clip connections while expediting wall and roof assembly in light gauge cold formed steel framed building structures. The framing members may be specific pre-notched steel framing members, notched at predetermined bend locations, with remaining web and flange material to be structurally significant after bending, while simultaneously dictating points and extend of bending. The framing members may be 1) pre-notched framing members to be folded at notched locations to pre-determined angles which provide roof pitch angles and elevation; 2) entire wall and rafter sections formed from one continuous framing member; and 3) rapidly screwed or welded together with the remaining overlapping web material to permanently fix the desired angles.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to framing materials and, more particularly, to a combination of wall studs and rafters composed of one continuous cold formed framing member.
  • Traditional light gauge steel framed structures are composed of individual members, cut to length, with various end-cut angles, held together with connector clips and track members. These members are then fastened together with screws or welded to secure individual connections. These conventional structures requires substantial work in cutting and attaching framing members together with, for example, web connector clips, rafter ties and stud-to-rafter or top plate-to-rafter clip connections.
  • As can be seen, there is a need for a metal building framing member that may eliminate or reduce the need for clips or other attachment members for forming building framing members.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • In one aspect of the present invention, a building framing member comprises at least one stud member and at least one rafter member continuously formed from a single piece of a metal framing member; a notch and a slot cut into a portion of the building framing member, the notch and the slot adapted to create a bend line, the bend line adapted to permit the building framing member to bend therealong to align the stud member and the rafter member at a predetermined angle.
  • In another aspect of the present invention, a continuous metal framing member comprises a first stud member; a first rafter member formed continuously with the first stud member, the first rafter member spanning from the first stud member to a roof ridge of a building assembled with the continuous metal framing member; a second rafter member formed continuously with the first rafter member, the second rafter member spanning from the roof ridge to a second stud member, wherein the second stud member is formed continuously with the second rafter member.
  • These and other features, aspects and advantages of the present invention will become better understood with reference to the following drawings, description and claims.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a continuous metal building framing member according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 is a side elevation view of the continuous metal building framing member of FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 3 is a detail perspective view of a portion of the continuous metal building framing member of FIG. 1 prior to bending;
  • FIG. 4 is a detail perspective view of another portion of the continuous metal building framing member of FIG. 1 prior to bending;
  • FIG. 5 is a detail perspective front view of another portion of the continuous metal building framing member of FIG. 1 after bending;
  • FIG. 6 is a perspective back view of the detailed view of FIG. 5; and
  • FIG. 7 is a detail perspective view of a rafter peak junction of the continuous metal building framing member of FIG. 1 after bending.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • The following detailed description is of the best currently contemplated modes of carrying out exemplary embodiments of the invention. The description is not to be taken in a limiting sense, but is made merely for the purpose of illustrating the general principles of the invention, since the scope of the invention is best defined by the appended claims.
  • Various inventive features are described below that can each be used independently of one another or in combination with other features.
  • Broadly, an embodiment of the present invention provides a continuous metal building framing member that may be cut and bent to form at least one wall member and at least one roofing member. The continuous metal building framing member may eliminate or reduce the use of web connector clips, rafter ties, and stud-to-rafter or top plate-to-rafter clip connections while expediting wall and roof assembly in light gauge cold formed steel framed building structures. The framing members may be specific pre-notched steel framing members, notched at predetermined bend locations, with remaining web and flange material to be structurally significant after bending, while simultaneously dictating points and extend of bending. The framing members may be 1) pre-notched framing members to be folded at notched locations to pre-determined angles which provide roof pitch angles and elevation; 2) entire wall and rafter sections formed from one continuous framing member; and 3) rapidly screwed or welded together with the remaining overlapping web material to permanently fix the desired angles.
  • Referring to FIGS. 1 through 7, a framing member 10 may be formed from a continuous piece of metal framing material to form both stud members 12 and rafter members 14. The framing member 10 may be a cold formed steel (CFS) framing member, typically a C-shape stud member per ASTM C645 or ASTM C955.
  • A stud-to-rafter joint 16 may be formed by cutting and notching the framing member 10 as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3. A notch in the stud member 12 may define the wall height. A first slot 20 a may be cut in a long side of the framing member 10 and a second slot 20 b may be cut in the short end of the C-shaped framing member 10 as shown in FIG. 3. A bend line 22 may be where the rafter member 14 bends away from the stud member 12. As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, when the framing member 10 is bent, a fastening mechanism 32, such as rivets, bolts, a weld, a clinch, or the like, may connect the overlapping portions of the framing member 10 to secure the stud-to-rafter joint 16 at a desired angle.
  • A rafter peak junction 18 may be formed by cutting and notching the framing member 10 as shown in FIGS. 2 and 4. A notch 26 in the rafter member may be made on an interior side of the framing member 10. The notch 26 may be formed equidistant from each side of a bend line 30 of the rafter member 14. A slot 24 may be cut across the long side of the framing member 10 and a notch 28 may be cut out of the short end of the C-shaped framing member 10 as shown in FIG. 4. As shown in FIG. 7, when the framing member 10 is bent, the notch 28 may allow the framing member 10 to abut together to help secure the desired angle at the roof peak. Similar to that shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the overlapping material of the framing member 10 may be secured together to help secure the desired angle at the roof peak.
  • The notches (such as notches 28) and slots (such as slots 20 a, 20 b, and 24) may be manufactured in predetermined locations as a component of the framing member's manufacture, either as a finished or a partially finished notch/slot combination and in multiple configurations and/or cut in the field as needed.
  • While the above description and drawings describes a continuous framing member including a stud member, a rising rafter member, a falling rafter member and another stud member, the present invention may include any number of continuous framing members. For example, the present invention may include a single stud member and a single rafter member adapted to be connected to a separate ridge member, such as an engineered ridge joist.
  • It should be understood, of course, that the foregoing relates to exemplary embodiments of the invention and that modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as set forth in the following claims.

Claims (10)

1. A building framing member comprising:
at least one stud member and at least one rafter member continuously formed from a single piece of a metal framing member;
a notch and a slot cut into a portion of the building framing member, the notch and the slot adapted to create a bend line, the bend line adapted to permit the building framing member to bend therealong to align the stud member and the rafter member at a predetermined angle.
2. The building framing member of claim 1, wherein the building framing member is a C-shape cold formed steel framing member.
3. The building framing member of claim 1, further comprising an attachment mechanism adapted to connecting overlapping material at a junction of the stud member and the rafter member.
4. The building framing member of claim 3, wherein the attachment member is selected from bolts, rivets, a clinch, and a weld.
5. The building framing member of claim 1, further comprising:
a first rafter member adapted to slope upward from a first stud member, the first rafter member formed continuously with the stud member; and
a second rafter member adapted to slop downward from the first rafter member, the second rafter member formed continuously with the first rafter member.
6. The building framing member of claim 5, further comprising a rafter notch and a rafter slot formed in the building framing member, the rafter notch and the rafter slot adapted to form a bend line where the first rafter member and the second rafter member are adapted to bend to a predetermined angle thereabout.
7. The building framing member of claim 6, further comprising a second stud member formed continuously with the second rafter member.
8. The building framing member of claim 7, further comprising a second notch and a second slot cut into a portion of the building framing member, the second notch and the second slot adapted to create a second bend line, the second bend line adapted to permit the building framing member to bend therealong to align the second stud member and the second rafter member at a predetermined angle.
9. A continuous metal framing member comprising:
a first stud member;
a first rafter member formed continuously with the first stud member, the first rafter member spanning from the first stud member to a roof ridge of a building assembled with the continuous metal framing member;
a second rafter member formed continuously with the first rafter member, the second rafter member spanning from the roof ridge to a second stud member, wherein
the second stud member is formed continuously with the second rafter member.
10. The continuous metal framing member of claim 9, wherein:
a first bend line is formed at a junction of the first stud member and the first rafter member by forming a first notch and a first slot in a portion of the continuous metal framing member, the first bend line adapted to bend the continuous framing member at a predetermined angle to provide a predetermined roof pitch from the first rafter member;
a second bend line is formed at a junction of the first rafter member and the second rafter member by forming a second notch and a second slot in a portion of the continuous metal framing member, the second bend line adapted to bend the continuous framing member at a predetermined angle to provide a predetermined roof pitch from the second rafter member; and
a third bend line is formed at a junction of the second rafter member and the second stud member by forming a third notch and a third slot in a portion of the continuous metal framing member, the third bend line adapted to bend the continuous framing member.
US12/986,641 2011-01-07 2011-01-07 Continuous metal building framing member Abandoned US20120174523A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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US12/986,641 US20120174523A1 (en) 2011-01-07 2011-01-07 Continuous metal building framing member

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US12/986,641 US20120174523A1 (en) 2011-01-07 2011-01-07 Continuous metal building framing member

Publications (1)

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US20120174523A1 true US20120174523A1 (en) 2012-07-12

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Citations (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1975895A (en) * 1933-06-19 1934-10-09 Gen Motors Corp Sealed double-pane glass and frame
US4503640A (en) * 1983-03-17 1985-03-12 Stern Melvin J Unitized construction for sliding closures and method for making
US4513546A (en) * 1980-03-12 1985-04-30 Norton Company Corner key for window spacer element
US4597232A (en) * 1983-07-16 1986-07-01 Helmut Lingemann Gmbh & Co. Curved corner of a spacer frame of an insulating glazing, and a process for the production thereof
US4704838A (en) * 1986-10-22 1987-11-10 United States Gypsum Company Rounded corner ceiling runner system
US5313761A (en) * 1992-01-29 1994-05-24 Glass Equipment Development, Inc. Insulating glass unit
US5361476A (en) * 1992-08-13 1994-11-08 Glass Equipment Development, Inc. Method of making a spacer frame assembly
US6341465B1 (en) * 2000-07-14 2002-01-29 Harry M. Riegelman Corner reinforcement for frame channel
US20060075720A1 (en) * 2004-09-29 2006-04-13 Ged Integrated Solutions, Inc. Window component scrap reduction
US20100005749A1 (en) * 2008-07-09 2010-01-14 King Solomon Creative Enterprises Corp. Steel building frame system
US20100037551A1 (en) * 2004-12-27 2010-02-18 Bodnar Ernest R Floor system with steel joists having openings with edge reinforcements and method
US7832171B2 (en) * 2003-12-12 2010-11-16 Dennis Erickson Construction framing system and track therefor
US20110067343A1 (en) * 2003-09-05 2011-03-24 John Rice Framing Member Having Reinforced End
US20110203481A1 (en) * 2004-05-18 2011-08-25 Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Laser Welding Method, Laser-Welded Joint, Outside Sheathing Panel, and Body Structure for Rolling Stock
US8069622B2 (en) * 2008-02-14 2011-12-06 All-Terior Systems Llc Systems and methods for finishing a penetration in a concrete structure during construction

Patent Citations (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1975895A (en) * 1933-06-19 1934-10-09 Gen Motors Corp Sealed double-pane glass and frame
US4513546A (en) * 1980-03-12 1985-04-30 Norton Company Corner key for window spacer element
US4503640A (en) * 1983-03-17 1985-03-12 Stern Melvin J Unitized construction for sliding closures and method for making
US4597232A (en) * 1983-07-16 1986-07-01 Helmut Lingemann Gmbh & Co. Curved corner of a spacer frame of an insulating glazing, and a process for the production thereof
US4704838A (en) * 1986-10-22 1987-11-10 United States Gypsum Company Rounded corner ceiling runner system
US5313761A (en) * 1992-01-29 1994-05-24 Glass Equipment Development, Inc. Insulating glass unit
US5361476A (en) * 1992-08-13 1994-11-08 Glass Equipment Development, Inc. Method of making a spacer frame assembly
US6341465B1 (en) * 2000-07-14 2002-01-29 Harry M. Riegelman Corner reinforcement for frame channel
US20110067343A1 (en) * 2003-09-05 2011-03-24 John Rice Framing Member Having Reinforced End
US7832171B2 (en) * 2003-12-12 2010-11-16 Dennis Erickson Construction framing system and track therefor
US20110203481A1 (en) * 2004-05-18 2011-08-25 Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Laser Welding Method, Laser-Welded Joint, Outside Sheathing Panel, and Body Structure for Rolling Stock
US20060075720A1 (en) * 2004-09-29 2006-04-13 Ged Integrated Solutions, Inc. Window component scrap reduction
US20100037551A1 (en) * 2004-12-27 2010-02-18 Bodnar Ernest R Floor system with steel joists having openings with edge reinforcements and method
US8069622B2 (en) * 2008-02-14 2011-12-06 All-Terior Systems Llc Systems and methods for finishing a penetration in a concrete structure during construction
US20100005749A1 (en) * 2008-07-09 2010-01-14 King Solomon Creative Enterprises Corp. Steel building frame system

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