US20120168985A1 - Kitchen appliance especially a food printer - Google Patents

Kitchen appliance especially a food printer Download PDF

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Publication number
US20120168985A1
US20120168985A1 US13/380,766 US201013380766A US2012168985A1 US 20120168985 A1 US20120168985 A1 US 20120168985A1 US 201013380766 A US201013380766 A US 201013380766A US 2012168985 A1 US2012168985 A1 US 2012168985A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
food
binder
kitchen appliance
housing
printer
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Granted
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US13/380,766
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US9744721B2 (en
Inventor
Nico Kläber
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Electrolux AB
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Electrolux AB
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Publication date
Priority to SE0900860A priority Critical patent/SE0900860L/en
Priority to SE0900860-8 priority
Priority to SE0900860 priority
Application filed by Electrolux AB filed Critical Electrolux AB
Priority to PCT/SE2010/000183 priority patent/WO2010151202A1/en
Assigned to AKTIEBOLAGET ELECTROLUX reassignment AKTIEBOLAGET ELECTROLUX ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: KLABER, NICO
Publication of US20120168985A1 publication Critical patent/US20120168985A1/en
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Publication of US9744721B2 publication Critical patent/US9744721B2/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C64/00Additive manufacturing, i.e. manufacturing of three-dimensional [3D] objects by additive deposition, additive agglomeration or additive layering, e.g. by 3D printing, stereolithography or selective laser sintering
    • B29C64/10Processes of additive manufacturing
    • B29C64/106Processes of additive manufacturing using only liquids or viscous materials, e.g. depositing a continuous bead of viscous material
    • B29C64/112Processes of additive manufacturing using only liquids or viscous materials, e.g. depositing a continuous bead of viscous material using individual droplets, e.g. from jetting heads
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23PSHAPING OR WORKING OF FOODSTUFFS, NOT FULLY COVERED BY A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS
    • A23P30/00Shaping or working of foodstuffs characterised by the process or apparatus
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23PSHAPING OR WORKING OF FOODSTUFFS, NOT FULLY COVERED BY A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS
    • A23P30/00Shaping or working of foodstuffs characterised by the process or apparatus
    • A23P30/10Moulding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C64/00Additive manufacturing, i.e. manufacturing of three-dimensional [3D] objects by additive deposition, additive agglomeration or additive layering, e.g. by 3D printing, stereolithography or selective laser sintering
    • B29C64/20Apparatus for additive manufacturing; Details thereof or accessories therefor
    • B29C64/25Housings, e.g. machine housings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J3/00Typewriters or selective printing or marking mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers characterised by the purpose for which they are constructed
    • B41J3/36Typewriters or selective printing or marking mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers characterised by the purpose for which they are constructed for portability, i.e. hand-held printers or laptop printers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J3/00Typewriters or selective printing or marking mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers characterised by the purpose for which they are constructed
    • B41J3/407Typewriters or selective printing or marking mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers characterised by the purpose for which they are constructed for marking on special material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A21BAKING; EDIBLE DOUGHS
    • A21CMACHINES OR EQUIPMENT FOR MAKING OR PROCESSING DOUGHS; HANDLING BAKED ARTICLES MADE FROM DOUGH
    • A21C15/00Apparatus for handling baked articles
    • A21C15/002Apparatus for spreading granular material on, or sweeping or coating the surface of baked articles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A21BAKING; EDIBLE DOUGHS
    • A21CMACHINES OR EQUIPMENT FOR MAKING OR PROCESSING DOUGHS; HANDLING BAKED ARTICLES MADE FROM DOUGH
    • A21C15/00Apparatus for handling baked articles
    • A21C15/002Apparatus for spreading granular material on, or sweeping or coating the surface of baked articles
    • A21C15/005Apparatus for spreading granular material on, or sweeping or coating the surface of baked articles of which at least the dispensing part is hand-held, e.g. comprising a flexible container, pouch or gun-like applicator
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23PSHAPING OR WORKING OF FOODSTUFFS, NOT FULLY COVERED BY A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS
    • A23P20/00Coating of foodstuffs; Coatings therefor; Making laminated, multi-layered, stuffed or hollow foodstuffs
    • A23P20/20Making of laminated, multi-layered, stuffed or hollow foodstuffs, e.g. by wrapping in preformed edible dough sheets or in edible food containers
    • A23P20/25Filling or stuffing cored food pieces, e.g. combined with coring or making cavities
    • A23P2020/253Coating food items by printing onto them; Printing layers of food products
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C2948/00Indexing scheme relating to extrusion moulding
    • B29C2948/92Measuring, controlling or regulating
    • B29C2948/92009Measured parameter
    • B29C2948/92114Dimensions
    • B29C2948/92152Thickness
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C2948/00Indexing scheme relating to extrusion moulding
    • B29C2948/92Measuring, controlling or regulating
    • B29C2948/92504Controlled parameter
    • B29C2948/92609Dimensions
    • B29C2948/92647Thickness
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C48/25Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C48/92Measuring, controlling or regulating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C64/00Additive manufacturing, i.e. manufacturing of three-dimensional [3D] objects by additive deposition, additive agglomeration or additive layering, e.g. by 3D printing, stereolithography or selective laser sintering
    • B29C64/20Apparatus for additive manufacturing; Details thereof or accessories therefor
    • B29C64/205Means for applying layers
    • B29C64/209Heads; Nozzles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C64/00Additive manufacturing, i.e. manufacturing of three-dimensional [3D] objects by additive deposition, additive agglomeration or additive layering, e.g. by 3D printing, stereolithography or selective laser sintering
    • B29C64/30Auxiliary operations or equipment
    • B29C64/307Handling of material to be used in additive manufacturing
    • B29C64/321Feeding
    • B29C64/336Feeding of two or more materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J3/00Typewriters or selective printing or marking mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers characterised by the purpose for which they are constructed
    • B41J3/407Typewriters or selective printing or marking mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers characterised by the purpose for which they are constructed for marking on special material
    • B41J3/4073Printing on three-dimensional objects not being in sheet or web form, e.g. spherical or cubic objects

Abstract

The invention relates to a kitchen appliance, especially a food printer, and a method for printing food in 2- or 3-dimensional shapes. The food printer for making 2- or 3-dimensional shapes comprising a housing, an opening for printable food and binder, a control unit, and a printer head, wherein the printer head prints small drops of the printable food and the binder while moving to build the 2- or 3-dimensional shape.

Description

    FIELD OF INVENTION
  • The invention relates to a kitchen appliance, especially a food printer, and a method for printing food in 2- or 3-dimensional shapes.
  • TECHNICAL BACKGROUND
  • The technical area is a combination of science and cooking. The invention is inspired by chefs who painstakingly and scientifically experiment with food to surprise the guests and provoke innovative ideas of cooking.
  • Through books and tv-shows more and more chefs and private cooks are interested in molecular cooking. The main effects that molecular cooks use for their meals are experimental combinations, surprising transformations, a very aesthetical way of presenting the meal and the play with the eater's expectation of look, taste, smell and texture of food. However, the preparation of the mostly tiny and filigree food pieces is difficult, needs a lot of experience and is time-consuming
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • Today there are very much an experimental approach to molecular cooking. Even after a long time of molecular cuisine, it is still an exclusive game for specialists. One object of the invention is to bring some of the fantastic possibilities and ideas of molecular cooking to all ambitious cooks with an easy to use and affordable kitchen appliance. Another object of the invention is to provide a Computer Numerical Control (CNC) food printer for molecular cooking effects and decoration.
  • The invention discloses a kitchen appliance that offers several new possibilities to professional chefs as well as home users. The invention uses a layer-by-layer printing technique that arranges small particles or drops from a set of ingredients. Within minutes, it prints out three-dimensional desserts, complex structures, shapes for molecular dishes, and patterns for decorating a meal. In an easy way the user insert a blister pack comprising the necessary ingredients into the opening of the appliance. Place the appliance on top of a plate, and press the start button. Users can also create their own recipes with special software and their own ingredients.
  • Ambitious users can download recipes and share them with other users in an online community.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The device will now be described in more detail in relation to the following figures:
  • FIG. 1 shows the kitchen appliance according to the invention
  • FIG. 2 shows the kitchen appliance according to the invention
  • FIG. 3 shows the kitchen appliance during use
  • FIG. 3 a shows a close up of printed food
  • FIG. 4 shows the layer-by-layer principle
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • In FIG. 1 a kitchen appliance, especially a food printer (1) according to the invention is shown. The food printer (1) comprises a housing (10) with an opening (11) for printable food and binder. The housing also comprises an interface, in FIG. 1 shown as a touch display (12), preferably an OLED display. Close to the opening there is also a RFID scanner (13) for identifying the printable food and the receipt if food with RFID tags are used.
  • The housing (10) also comprises at least one reservoir, preferably more, for the different kinds of printable food that is used, and at least one reservoir, preferably at least two, for the binder. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 1 several reservoir are shown in the form of pipes (16). All the reservoirs are connected to the printer arm (21) and the printer head (22). The reservoirs are filled with printable food and binder through the opening (11).
  • The housing (10) also comprises a printer arm (21) with a printer head (22), control unit (23), battery (14) and/or a power connection (not shown). The food printer also comprises a network connection, preferably a Wi-Fi connection (15) to the internet for downloading receipt or program updates. The printer head (22), printer arm (21) and control unit (23) is part of a Computer Numerical Control (CNC) food printer.
  • The control unit (23) controls the movement of the printer arm and head as well as controlling what kind of drop the printer head should produce in every moment to create the decided shape or form.
  • For cleaning and charging the housing (10) is connected to a base unit (50). The base unit comprises a cleaning system (51) for cleaning the printer head (22), power supply (52), and contacts (53) for recharging the batteries (14) in the housing (10).
  • FIG. 2 shows the housing (10) connected to the base unit (50). This could be done for charging the batteries (14), cleaning the printer head (22), or for storing.
  • FIG. 3 shows the food printer in use. The housing is disconnected from the base unit and arranged over a plate (100) on which the food is printed. Next to the food printer (close up in FIG. 3 a) there are plates (100) with different kinds of printed food, e.g. printed food with a 3D-structure (101), printed food with enclosures (102), printed food with textures (103), and a food printed as a 3D pattern (104).
  • In FIG. 4 the method of printing food is schematically shown. The printer head (22) prints a small drop (31, 32, 33) of the printable food or binder from the reservoirs. The small drops, one by one leaves the printer head (22) at the same time as the printer head moves. In this way layers on layers can be created and a 3-dimensional shape (or 2 dimensional shape) is built. The amount, spreading and ration between the binder and the printable food at the time, controls the level of stableness of the printed food.
  • Most kinds of food is possible to us as printable food as long as it is possible to have it in a form suitable to be printed by a printer head, e.g. preferably in a liquid state or close to a liquid state, like gel. As binder gelatine, gluten or sugar can be used. In the embodiment shown alginic acid, a substance extracted from brown algae, in combination with calcium is used. Alginic acid is used in cooking today and is preferred for its simple and abrupt gelation in contact with calcium. In FIG. 2 the use of aginic acid (31), calcium (32) and food (33) is shown.
  • The amount, the spreading and the ratio between algin, calcium and the main substance printed at the time, controls the level of stableness of the printed food. It is possible to use different kinds of printable food at the same time.
  • The housing (10) is primarily made of polycarbonate. The material is applied in three different variations, each providing the right characteristics for the different parts. Transparent polycarbonate is used for the window, black tinted for the lid/display, and white for the body. The robotic printer arm and head is made from aluminum. A blue (O)LED backlight accentuates the processes inside the printer.
  • The invention is a handy CNC food printer for kitchens from professional to domestic. It autonomously prepares basic and otherwise difficult to create 2- and 3-dimensional parts of meals. It works with a layer-by-layer printing process out of small particles from diverse ingredients.
  • For beginners and for easy usability of the invention some basic printable food is preferably available in blister packs from the supermarkets. The blister pack comprises the exact amount of ingredients needed and the digital printing instructions, the recipe, for the printer. This is preferably provided in the form of an RFID-chip on the blister pack. For advanced users there is also the possibility to create own recipes or download from other professional users, user groups, or food manufacturers.
  • The invention relates to a kitchen appliance, especially a food printer for making 2- or 3-dimensional shapes comprising a housing (10), an opening (11) for printable food (33) and binder (31, 32), a control unit (23), and a printer head (22), wherein the printer head (22) prints small drops of the printable food (33) and the binder (31, 32) while moving to build the 2- or 3-dimensional shape. The stableness of the printed food is controlled by the amount, spreading and/or the ration between the binder (31,32) and the food (33). The housing comprises at least one reservoir for printable food, and at least one reservoir for the binder. Alginic acid and calcium is used as binder. The housing comprises an interface, preferably comprising a touch screen (12). The housing comprises a rechargeable battery (14) and preferably contacts (16) to recharge the battery. The kitchen appliance comprises a base unit (50) comprising power supply (52) and contacts (53) suitable for connecting with the contacts (16) in the housing for recharging the battery (14). The base unit (50) comprising a cleaning system (51) for cleaning the printer head (22). The printer head (22) and control unit (23) is part of a CNC printer. The invention also relates to a method for making 3-dimensional food, comprising the steps of: arranging printable food (33) in a reservoir; arranging a binder (31,32) in a reservoir; having a printer head (22) producing drops of printable food (33) and binder (31, 32); moving the printer head (22) after each drop; having a control unit (14) controlling the movement of the printer head (22); having a control unit (14) controlling the ratio of printable food drops and binder drops.
  • The invention uses various edible ingredients and them combine and print them in a desired shape and consistency, in much the same way as stereolithograpic printer create 3-dimensional representations.

Claims (20)

1. A kitchen appliance, especially a food printer for making 2- or 3-dimensional shapes comprising a housing, an opening for printable food and binder, a control unit, and a printer head, wherein the printer head prints small drops of the printable food and the binder while moving to build the 2- or 3-dimensional shape.
2. A kitchen appliance according to claim 1, wherein the stableness of the printed food is controlled by the amount, spreading and/or the ratio between the binder and the food.
3. A kitchen appliance according to claim 2, wherein the housing comprises at least one reservoir for printable food, and at least one reservoir for the binder.
4. A kitchen appliance according to claim 3, wherein alginic acid and calcium is used as binder.
5. A kitchen appliance according to claim 1, wherein the housing comprises an interface, preferably comprising a touch screen.
6. A kitchen appliance according to claim 1, wherein the housing comprises a rechargeable battery and preferably contacts to recharge the battery.
7. A kitchen appliance according to claim 6, comprising a base unit comprising power supply and contacts suitable for connecting with the contacts in the housing for recharging the battery.
8. A kitchen appliance according to claim 7, comprising a base unit comprising a cleaning system for cleaning the printer head.
9. A kitchen appliance according to claim 2, wherein the printer head and control unit is part of a CNC printer.
10. A method for making 3-dimensional food, comprising the steps of:
arranging printable food in a reservoir;
arranging a binder in a reservoir;
having a printer head producing drops of printable food and binder;
moving the printer head after each drop;
controlling the movement of the printer head with a control unit; and
controlling the ratio of printable food drops and binder drops with the control unit.
11. A method for making 3-dimensional food according to claim 10, wherein the step of arranging a binder includes providing a binder including alginic acid.
12. A method for making 3-dimensional food according to claim 10, wherein the step of arranging a binder includes providing a binder including calcium.
13. A method for making 3-dimensional food according to claim 10, wherein the step of producing drops of a binder includes producing drops of a first binder composite including alginic acid, and producing drops of a second binder composite including calcium.
14. A kitchen appliance, especially a food printer for making 2- or 3-dimensional shapes comprising:
a housing, an opening for printable food and binder, a control unit, and a printer head, wherein the printer head prints small drops of the printable food and the binder while moving to build the 2- or 3-dimensional shape, wherein alginic acid and calcium is used as binder.
15. A kitchen appliance according to claim 14, wherein the housing further includes at least one printable food reservoir and at least one binder reservoir.
16. A kitchen appliance according to claim 14, wherein the housing comprises a rechargeable battery and contacts to recharge the battery.
17. A kitchen appliance according to claim 14, further comprising an RFID scanner coupled to the housing.
18. A kitchen appliance according to claim 14, wherein the housing includes a narrowed central body portion, a widened opening at the top, and a widened bottom portion.
19. A kitchen appliance according to claim 18 further comprising a printer arm coupled to the printer head, and wherein the printer arm moves the printer head within the widened bottom portion of the housing to position the printer head for depositing the small drops of the printable food and binder.
20. A kitchen appliance according to claim 19 further comprising at least one food reservoir and at least one binder reservoir located in the housing with each said reservoir being accessible through the widened opening at the top of the housing.
US13/380,766 2009-06-24 2010-06-24 Kitchen appliance especially a food printer Active 2032-05-28 US9744721B2 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SE0900860A SE0900860L (en) 2009-06-24 2009-06-24 food printer
SE0900860-8 2009-06-24
SE0900860 2009-06-24
PCT/SE2010/000183 WO2010151202A1 (en) 2009-06-24 2010-06-24 Kitchen appliance, especially a food printer

Publications (2)

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US20120168985A1 true US20120168985A1 (en) 2012-07-05
US9744721B2 US9744721B2 (en) 2017-08-29

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US (1) US9744721B2 (en)
EP (1) EP2445361A1 (en)
CN (1) CN102802449B (en)
AU (1) AU2010263290B2 (en)
CA (1) CA2764958C (en)
SE (1) SE0900860L (en)
WO (1) WO2010151202A1 (en)

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CA2764958A1 (en) 2010-12-29
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CA2764958C (en) 2014-08-05
CN102802449B (en) 2015-11-25

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