US20120063855A1 - Method for manufacturing geological gradation featuring disaster prevention and ecologic function - Google Patents

Method for manufacturing geological gradation featuring disaster prevention and ecologic function Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20120063855A1
US20120063855A1 US12946812 US94681210A US2012063855A1 US 20120063855 A1 US20120063855 A1 US 20120063855A1 US 12946812 US12946812 US 12946812 US 94681210 A US94681210 A US 94681210A US 2012063855 A1 US2012063855 A1 US 2012063855A1
Authority
US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
earth
gradation
hollow bodies
water
hollow
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12946812
Inventor
Jui-Wen Chen
Ting-Hao Chen
Original Assignee
Jui-Wen Chen
Ting-Hao Chen
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C3/00Foundations for pavings
    • E01C3/003Foundations for pavings characterised by material or composition used, e.g. waste or recycled material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • E01C11/224Surface drainage of streets
    • E01C11/225Paving specially adapted for through-the-surfacing drainage, e.g. perforated, porous; Preformed paving elements comprising, or adapted to form, passageways for carrying off drainage
    • E01C11/226Coherent pavings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C19/00Machines, tools or auxiliary devices for preparing or distributing paving materials, for working the placed materials, or for forming, consolidating, or finishing the paving
    • E01C19/50Removable forms or shutterings for road-building purposes; Devices or arrangements for forming individual paving elements, e.g. kerbs, in situ
    • E01C19/508Devices or arrangements for forming individual paving elements in situ, e.g. by sectioning a freshly-laid slab
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C3/00Foundations for pavings
    • E01C3/06Methods or arrangements for protecting foundations from destructive influences of moisture, frost or vibration
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C7/00Coherent pavings made in situ
    • E01C7/08Coherent pavings made in situ made of road-metal and binders
    • E01C7/10Coherent pavings made in situ made of road-metal and binders of road-metal and cement or like binders
    • E01C7/14Concrete paving
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C9/00Special pavings; Pavings for special parts of roads or airfields
    • E01C9/001Paving elements formed in situ; Permanent shutterings therefor ; Inlays or reinforcements which divide the cast material in a great number of individual units
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/20Securing of slopes or inclines
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C2201/00Paving elements
    • E01C2201/20Drainage details
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/30Flood prevention; Flood management or accommodation; Storm water management
    • Y02A10/395Curb floodplain development for flood management

Abstract

Provided is a method for manufacturing geological gradation layer featuring disaster prevention and ecologic function, which uses on-site earth or gradation materials commonly adopted in road construction, including aggregates, soils, gravels, or a mixture of water permeable concrete, and most importantly, added with uniquely arranged hollow bodies, all constituents being mixed and laid on soil stratum, and subjected to ramming, to form an ecological gradation layer. The ecological gradation layer provides an effect of supporting and also provides the functions of water storage, water preservation, and improving earth, whereby earth microorganisms and earth protozoa may establish a beneficial survival environment in earth, making the gradation layer exhibiting the characteristics of high water content and prompting breeding of microorganisms. When the atmosphere gets hot, water is released from the soil as vapor to alleviate the heat island effect and when rainwater precipitates, the rainwater can be stored for use in draughts.

Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention generally relates to a method for manufacturing geologic gradation featuring disaster prevention and ecologic function, and more particularly to the formation of an underground ecologic gradation layer in or under surface paving of a road, a yard, or a vacant land, whereby when rainwater falling on the ground surface above the gradation layer permeates downward, the rainwater can be effectively and efficiently conducted into and preserved in the gradation layer for storing and preserving water in a short period, reducing the risk of flooding and providing an excellent propagation environment for microbial strains and protozoa inhabiting in earth, thereby helping maintaining soil wet and thus realizing regulation of temperature and humidity of the surroundings and improving quality of earth.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE PRIOR ART
  • As the soil has the function of absorbing water, and can vaporize humidity when contacting the atmosphere in a dry or hot environment to generate a heat exchange effect with the atmosphere, and may automatically regulate the humidity so as to avoid the occurrence of heat island effect.
  • For conventional techniques of underground gradation, it is common to use engineering gradation materials for road construction or the on-site earth, including aggregates, soils, or gravels, or a mixture of water permeable concrete for filling. Although this allows for permeation of rainwater therethrough and the gradation layer serves as a support for the upper-side paving, yet in case of extremely heavy precipitation on the ground surface of such a conventional gradation structure, the conventional gradation layer is not capable of quickly draining the rainwater, leading to significant accumulation of rainwater on the ground surface and thus causing flood disasters.
  • Formation of an ecologic gradation layer that allows for effective water permeation and water preservation is of vital importance. This is because proper water preservation will help improving earth ecologic environment and this creates a beneficial survival environment for microorganisms and earth protozoa inhabiting in earth. The microorganisms inhabiting in earth generally include bacteria (eubacteria and archaea), fungi (filamentous fungi and yeasts), and algae. The earth protozoa include for example amoeba and ciliates. There are a huge number of ciliates existing in earth, and they make a great contribution for decomposition of organic substances. Insects, including ants, centipedes, aphids, and mites, help moving soils or digests residual body portions of organisms and thus providing organic substances. Earthworms may help formation of soil pellets, which are good for air ventilation and water draining. Nematodes help digesting organic matters or other small creatures. There are also vertebrates inhabiting in earth, such as mice, which dig and loosen soil, and provide excrements for fertilizing earth. They are also a member of an underground food chain.
  • Earth microorganisms play an important role in keeping quality of earth, and also cast significant influence for the environment of the Earth. The existence of earth organisms is a vital factor for change and quality of earth environment.
  • In view of the above discussed issue, the present invention aims to provide a method for manufacturing geological gradation layer featuring disaster prevention and ecologic function, which converts an underground gradation layer into an ecological gradation layer to activate organic substances contained in soil and improve global warming problem.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • Thus, an objective of the present invention is to provide a method for manufacturing geological gradation layer featuring disaster prevention and ecologic function, which allows rainwater permeating downward from surface paving to be efficiently collected and preserved, in order to reduce the risk of flood disasters and to make replenishment for underground water resources that help supplying water in a draughty period.
  • Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method for manufacturing geological gradation layer featuring disaster prevention and ecologic function, which upgrades an underground gradation layer into an ecological gradation layer, which ensures high water content so that when the outside temperature gets high, water contained in the gradation layer is converted into vapor to be released to the atmosphere in order to regulate surrounding temperature and humidity and thus eliminate or alleviate heat island effect and improve the global warming problem.
  • A further objective of the present invention is to provide a method for manufacturing geological gradation layer featuring disaster prevention and ecologic function, which allows the underground soil to provide an excellent inhabiting environment for a large number of microorganisms and earth protozoa, whereby with the microorganisms and the protozoa being effectively cultured and an excellent propagation environment being formed, the microorganisms and protozoa inhabiting in earth may help decomposing organic substances, promoting nitrification, performing de-nitrification, activating soil, and improving earth ecologic environment.
  • To achieve the above objectives, the present invention provides a for manufacturing geological gradation layer featuring disaster prevention and ecologic function, which uses on-site earth or engineering gradation materials commonly adopted in road construction, including aggregates, soils, gravels, or a mixture of water permeable concrete, and most importantly, added with uniquely arranged hollow bodies to form an ecological gradation layer. The ecological gradation layer provides an effect of supporting ground surface and also provides the functions of water storage, water preservation, and improving earth, whereby earth microorganisms and earth protozoa may establish a beneficial survival environment in earth, making the gradation layer exhibiting the characteristics of high water content and prompting breeding of microorganisms. When the temperature of the atmosphere gets high, water contained in soil may be released as vapor to alleviate the heat island effect and when rainwater precipitates, the rainwater can be collected and stored for use in draughts, thereby reducing the risk of flooding.
  • The foregoing objectives and summary provide only a brief introduction to the present invention. To fully appreciate these and other objects of the present invention as well as the invention itself, all of which will become apparent to those skilled in the art, the following detailed description of the invention and the claims should be read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. Throughout the specification and drawings identical reference numerals refer to identical or similar parts.
  • Many other advantages and features of the present invention will become manifest to those versed in the art upon making reference to the detailed description and the accompanying sheets of drawings in which a preferred structural embodiment incorporating the principles of the present invention is shown by way of illustrative example.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing an artificial geological layer of gradation constructed in accordance with the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic view showing a gradation layer containing hollow bodies mixed therein according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 3 is an exploded view showing various structures of hollow bodies that provide different functions according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic view showing forming water permeable surface paving on the gradation layer according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic view showing complete formation of water permeable surface paving on the gradation layer according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic view showing a gradation layer according to the present invention containing therein hollow bodies that are accommodated in bags.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • The following descriptions are exemplary embodiments only, and are not intended to limit the scope, applicability or configuration of the invention in any way. Rather, the following description provides a convenient illustration for implementing exemplary embodiments of the invention. Various changes to the described embodiments may be made in the function and arrangement of the elements described without departing from the scope of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.
  • Referring to FIG. 1, the present invention provides a method for geological gradation layer featuring disaster prevention and ecologic function. The geologic structure according to the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 1 comprises a water stratum 10, an underground soil stratum 20, a gradation layer 30, an interfacing layer 40, a water drain layer 50, and surface paving 60. The gradation layer 30 may use on-site earth or gradation materials commonly used for road construction, including aggregates, soils, gravels, a mixture of water-permeable concrete, and additionally and of importance, comprising unique hollow bodies 31. All the constituent components are mixed and laid on the bottom, and then subjected to pressurization for ramming.
  • Referring to FIGS. 2 and 3, the gradation layer according to the present invention comprises hollow bodies 31 of specific functions mixed in gradation materials commonly used for road construction or on-site earth. Each hollow body 31 comprises a shell in which a plurality of through apertures 32 is formed.
  • The earth used in the gradation layer may comprise aggregates, soils, gravels, or a mixture of water permeable concrete, and additionally and selectively comprising other gradation materials that are of no harm to the environment. The hollow bodies 31 that show specific functions are preferably in the form of sphere, for a spherical structure is more resistant to compression stress from any direction and provides the greatest void volume in the gradation layer. However, the hollow body 31 may adopt other shapes.
  • Referring to FIG. 3, the hollow body 31 is composed of two halves, each constituting a shell member 31 a, 31 b, adhesively bonded together to form a hollow body, or fit to each other with stepped surfaces formed in jointing edges to form the hollow body, or combined to each other through buckling structures to form the hollow body, or alternatively an integrally formed unitary hollow body is made with blow molding or perfusion molding. Preferably, the hollow bodies are made of plastics, but they can be made of other traditionally used materials or recycled materials. The shell of the hollow body is made of a wall of great thickness and the shell forms a plurality of through apertures 32 therein. The hollow bodies 31 used in the present invention can be made as engineering hollow body for different uses, such as a disaster-prevention water-storage hollow body, or an earth improvement hollow body, or a microorganism-culture hollow body or a water-keeping hollow body, or any type of hollow body that meet the need for on-site use.
  • The disaster-prevention water-storage hollow body is applied by mixing the hollow bodies 31 having shelling forming through apertures 32 in the gradation layer 30, whereby in case of extremely high precipitation falling on the ground surface, when the surface paving 60 conducts the rainwater downwards, the hollow interior space of each of the hollow bodies 31 contained in the gradation layer 30 provides a space for collection of water by having water that is absorbed in the gradation layer 30 through the apertures 32 of the shells into the interior space of the hollow body, so that protection against risk of local flooding can be done in a short period. When surface water permeation is no longer in progress, with a sufficient time lapse, penetration gradually conducts the water into the underground soil stratum 20 and the underground water stratum 10. With the temporal storage of water in the disaster-prevention water-storage hollow bodies and then gradually released, the ground surface may acquire an effect of efficient water drain and replenishment of underground water resources in a short period.
  • The earth-improvement hollow body is constructed by depositing a carbon-contained substance 33, such as active carbon or binchotan, or an earth-improvement agent desired for improvement of local earth, in the interior space thereof With the earth-improvement hollow bodies mixed in the gradation layer, the carbon-contained substance 33 functions to absorb and activate acidifying substance or harmful substance entraining water that penetrates downward and passes through the earth-improvement hollow bodies or that contained in the surrounding soil, so as to realize improvement of earth quality.
  • The microorganism-culture hollow body is constructed by depositing selected microbial strains 34 in the interior space thereof to serve as an excellent culture site for a large quantity of microorganisms. With the microorganism-culture hollow bodies mixed in the gradation layer, microorganisms can be effectively cultured and an improved environment for propagation is provided. The earth microorganisms so cultured can help decomposing organic substance contained in the soil, prompting nitrification, performing de-nitrification, and improving ecological environment of earth.
  • The water-keeping hollow body is constructed by filling a water absorption substance 35 in the interior space thereof, such as sponge or other water absorptive materials that are not decomposable by microorganisms, so that when the water-keeping hollow bodies are mixed in the gradation layer, the water absorption substance 35 helps to absorb water when water flows through the hollow bodies so as to keep water from flowing away from the earth that ensures sufficient supply of water for survival and propagation of microorganisms and also improving water preservation and increasing water content in dry area. In case of high temperature on the ground surface, the high content of water in the earth allows water to be converted into vapor that is then released to the environment for heat exchange with the environment so that the heat island effect can be eliminated or alleviated.
  • Referring to FIGS. 4 and 5, a schematic view is shown to demonstrate that surface paving 60 is being formed on the gradation layer 30 after the gradation layer 30 according to the present invention has been completely laid. In the embodiment illustrated, the surface paving is water permeable paving, which comprises a framework 61 in which a plurality of drainpipes 62 is arranged. The framework 61 comprises plastic bars that connect the drainpipes. Cement grout 63 is then poured into the framework and is allowed to cure to form rigid concrete paving. Further, for paving 60 that is constructed in a water impermeable fashion, a top layer that is water permeable may be added thereon, in which water permeability being realized through for example paving that comprises water drain holes drilled therein by means of drilling tools, lawn, water permeable bricks, water permeable asphalt, and water permeable concrete. This provides the same result of being used in combination with the gradation layer 30 to construct a gradation layer featuring environmental protection and ecologic function, and thus providing the same effect of improving global warming.
  • Referring to FIG. 6, in the embodiment illustrated, the gradation layer 30 is formed of on-site earth or gradation material traditionally used for road construction, which is mixed with hollow bodies 31, which provide specific functions, according to the present invention. The hollow bodies 31 can be arranged in such a way that a plurality of hollow bodies are received and accommodated in a net bag to form a bag-contained hollow body unit 32. A plurality of bag-contained hollow body units 12 may be positioned together and mixed with on-site earth to make as a gradation layer. This also provides the same effects as discussed above.
  • In summary, the gradation layer according to the present invention is effective in collecting and storing rainwater that falls on and permeates downward through ground surface into the gradation layer, where the gradation layer, when being saturated with the rainwater, guides the rainwater through the apertures formed in shells of the hollow bodies into the bodies to be stored therein. As such, the water so stored can be supplied for survival of earth microorganisms and earth protozoa in time of earth being dried. Further, regulation of temperature and humidity through the underground water can be realized especially in a dried area to maintain living of plants and prevent desertification. In hot time, the wet earth can release vapor to the atmosphere for regulating the temperature of the atmosphere. As such, a method for manufacturing geological gradation featuring disaster prevention and ecologic function is provided.
  • It will be understood that each of the elements described above, or two or more together may also find a useful application in other types of methods differing from the type described above.
  • While certain novel features of this invention have been shown and described and are pointed out in the annexed claim, it is not intended to be limited to the details above, since it will be understood that various omissions, modifications, substitutions and changes in the forms and details of the device illustrated and in its operation can be made by those skilled in the art without departing in any way from the spirit of the present invention.

Claims (8)

    I claim:
  1. 1. A method for manufacturing geological gradation featuring disaster prevention and ecologic function, characterized in that:
    the geological gradation is formed of gradation materials for road construction or on-site earth, the gradation comprising hollow bodies arranged therein, each of the hollow bodies defining through apertures, the hollow bodies being mixed with the gradation materials to form the gradation.
  2. 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the hollow bodies are constructed as earth-improvement hollow bodies, which have hollow interior spaces in which a carbon-contained substance or an earth-improvement agent is deposited.
  3. 3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the hollow bodies are constructed as microorganism-culture hollow bodies, which have hollow interior spaces in which microbial strains are set.
  4. 4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the hollow bodies are constructed as water-keeping hollow bodies, which have hollow interior spaces in which a water absorption substance, including sponge or a water absorptive material that is not decomposable by microorganisms, is deposited.
  5. 5. The method according to claim 1, wherein each of the hollow bodies forms through apertures and is composed of two halved shell members that mate each other.
  6. 6. The method according to claim 1, wherein each of the hollow bodies forms through apertures and is integrally formed as a unitary body through blow molding.
  7. 7. The method according to claim 1, wherein each of the hollow bodies forms through apertures and is integrally formed as a unitary body through perfusion molding.
  8. 8. The method according to claim 1, wherein the hollow bodies that are arranged in the gradation layer are accommodated in plurality in a bag net to form a bag-contained hollow body unit.
US12946812 2010-09-09 2010-11-15 Method for manufacturing geological gradation featuring disaster prevention and ecologic function Abandoned US20120063855A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
TW099130439 2010-09-09
TW99130439A TWI470136B (en) 2010-09-09 2010-09-09

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US14157531 US8876432B2 (en) 2010-09-09 2014-01-17 Method for manufacturing geological gradation featuring disaster prevention and ecologic function

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US14157531 Continuation-In-Part US8876432B2 (en) 2010-09-09 2014-01-17 Method for manufacturing geological gradation featuring disaster prevention and ecologic function

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20120063855A1 true true US20120063855A1 (en) 2012-03-15

Family

ID=44882238

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US12946812 Abandoned US20120063855A1 (en) 2010-09-09 2010-11-15 Method for manufacturing geological gradation featuring disaster prevention and ecologic function

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (1) US20120063855A1 (en)
JP (1) JP2012057459A (en)
CA (1) CA2751372C (en)
GB (1) GB2483549B8 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105544341A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-05-04 东南大学 Quick draining pavement structure for urban low-lying roads
CN106917340A (en) * 2017-03-17 2017-07-04 张启志 Construction method for water-control, dust-proof and sponge-like roads in cities and towns
RU2644569C1 (en) * 2017-03-07 2018-02-13 федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Волгоградский государственный аграрный университет" (ФГБОУ ВО Волгоградский ГАУ) Method for protecting soils from water erosion

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4411555A (en) * 1979-07-17 1983-10-25 Minvielle Monique L Draining, irrigating and dispersing mass
US5100258A (en) * 1990-12-06 1992-03-31 Vanwagoner John D Drainage quilt
US5906454A (en) * 1997-02-12 1999-05-25 Medico, Jr.; John J. Environmental porous overlayer and process of making the same
US6102613A (en) * 1997-02-12 2000-08-15 Medico, Jr.; John J. Environmental porous paving material and pavement construction, environmental porous pavement mixing machine for mixing environmental porous pavement and methods for manufacturing porous material and constructions
US20030091389A1 (en) * 2001-11-15 2003-05-15 Deery American Corporation Asphalt container systems
US20060285927A1 (en) * 2005-06-15 2006-12-21 Linpac Rotational Mouldings Pty. Ltd. Subterranean storage vessels and installation thereof
US20090279953A1 (en) * 2008-05-12 2009-11-12 Cudo Stormwater Products, Inc Modular underground water management systems

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS49142165U (en) * 1973-03-31 1974-12-07
FR2486119B1 (en) * 1980-07-03 1985-02-15 Fauvel Monique
JPH0450435U (en) * 1990-08-30 1992-04-28
JPH10136786A (en) * 1996-11-08 1998-05-26 Kanegafuchi Chem Ind Co Ltd Soil embedding material
CA2326272A1 (en) * 2000-11-17 2002-05-17 Hun S. Kim Sub-base drainage device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4411555A (en) * 1979-07-17 1983-10-25 Minvielle Monique L Draining, irrigating and dispersing mass
US5100258A (en) * 1990-12-06 1992-03-31 Vanwagoner John D Drainage quilt
US5906454A (en) * 1997-02-12 1999-05-25 Medico, Jr.; John J. Environmental porous overlayer and process of making the same
US6102613A (en) * 1997-02-12 2000-08-15 Medico, Jr.; John J. Environmental porous paving material and pavement construction, environmental porous pavement mixing machine for mixing environmental porous pavement and methods for manufacturing porous material and constructions
US20030091389A1 (en) * 2001-11-15 2003-05-15 Deery American Corporation Asphalt container systems
US20060285927A1 (en) * 2005-06-15 2006-12-21 Linpac Rotational Mouldings Pty. Ltd. Subterranean storage vessels and installation thereof
US20090279953A1 (en) * 2008-05-12 2009-11-12 Cudo Stormwater Products, Inc Modular underground water management systems

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105544341A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-05-04 东南大学 Quick draining pavement structure for urban low-lying roads
RU2644569C1 (en) * 2017-03-07 2018-02-13 федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Волгоградский государственный аграрный университет" (ФГБОУ ВО Волгоградский ГАУ) Method for protecting soils from water erosion
CN106917340A (en) * 2017-03-17 2017-07-04 张启志 Construction method for water-control, dust-proof and sponge-like roads in cities and towns

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CA2751372C (en) 2015-05-19 grant
GB201115320D0 (en) 2011-10-19 grant
GB2483549A (en) 2012-03-14 application
GB2483549B (en) 2013-03-06 grant
GB2483549B8 (en) 2016-08-03 grant
JP2012057459A (en) 2012-03-22 application
CA2751372A1 (en) 2012-03-09 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3446122A (en) Elastic surfaces for sportsgrounds,playgrounds and footpaths
Ashman et al. Essential soil science: a clear and concise introduction to soil science
Blouin et al. A review of earthworm impact on soil function and ecosystem services
Polyakov et al. Soil organic matter and CO2 emission as affected by water erosion on field runoff plots
Bliss Arctic tundra and polar desert biome
Bonacci et al. A framework for karst ecohydrology
Jim Soil compaction as a constraint to tree growth in tropical & subtropical urban habitats
Adams et al. Experimental forests and ranges of the USDA Forest Service
Bartens et al. Can urban tree roots improve infiltration through compacted subsoils for stormwater management?
US20060070299A1 (en) Greening system
Salvato et al. Sanitary landfill-leaching prevention and control
CN202766945U (en) Water containing road surface capable of solving waterlogging
Weier et al. Net mineralization, net nitrification and potentially available nitrogen in the subsoil beneath a cultivated crop and a permanent pasture
Bašić The soils of Croatia
Vila et al. Use of rubber crumbs as drainage layer in experimental green roofs
Wessolek Sealing of soils
KR100497565B1 (en) Eco-friendly and permeable structure of elastic layer for pavement and the method to pave thereof
US20060150500A1 (en) Mat used for a vegetation body
KR100497567B1 (en) Eco-friendly and permeable block and the method to manufacture thereof
Tolderlund et al. Design guidelines and maintenance manual for green roofs in the semi-arid and arid west
KR20050072866A (en) The roof gardening system using the rock wool mat for vegetation
Le Bayon et al. Effects of earthworms on phosphorus dynamics–a review
US20070033871A1 (en) Partially contained, reduced weight plant growth medium
JP2008002225A (en) Water absorbing/retaining carbide-coated aggregate and water absorbing/retaining paving material using the same
JP2004089209A (en) Vegetation system