US20120047825A1 - Support structure made of precast concrete - Google Patents

Support structure made of precast concrete Download PDF

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Publication number
US20120047825A1
US20120047825A1 US13/017,421 US201113017421A US2012047825A1 US 20120047825 A1 US20120047825 A1 US 20120047825A1 US 201113017421 A US201113017421 A US 201113017421A US 2012047825 A1 US2012047825 A1 US 2012047825A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
building
support structure
thin film
base
film solar
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US13/017,421
Inventor
Yee Shyi Chang
Chi-Jen Liu
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
An Ching New Energy Machinery and Equipment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
An Ching New Energy Machinery and Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to TW099128294A priority Critical patent/TW201209250A/en
Priority to TW99128294 priority
Application filed by An Ching New Energy Machinery and Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical An Ching New Energy Machinery and Equipment Co Ltd
Assigned to AN CHING NEW ENERGY MACHINERY & EQUIPMENT CO., LTD. reassignment AN CHING NEW ENERGY MACHINERY & EQUIPMENT CO., LTD. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: CHANG, YEE SHYI, LIU, CHI-JEN
Publication of US20120047825A1 publication Critical patent/US20120047825A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D27/00Foundations as substructures
    • E02D27/01Flat foundations
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H5/00Buildings or groups of buildings for industrial or agricultural purposes
    • E04H5/08Buildings or groups of buildings for agricultural purposes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/10Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules extending in directions away from a supporting surface
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/61Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules for fixing to the ground or to building structures
    • F24S25/617Elements driven into the ground, e.g. anchor-piles; Foundations for supporting elements; Connectors for connecting supporting structures to the ground or to flat horizontal surfaces
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/20Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object
    • H02S20/22Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • Y02B10/12Roof systems for PV cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking

Abstract

A support structure made of precast concrete and a building thereof, comprising a building top portion and at least a support structure. Said building top portion includes at least a thin film solar cell and a steel frame lateral beam structure supporting said thin film solar cell. Each said support structure includes a support column and a base, said support column supports said building top portion, and said base is at bottom of said support column. Said support column and said base form integrally into one piece by means of concrete material.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • 1. Field of the Invention
  • The present invention relates to a support structure and a building thereof, and in particular to a building having a support structure made of precast concrete, and with its top portion provided with thin film solar cells.
  • 2. The Prior Arts
  • Along with the global concern about environment protection, and worldwide acceptance and implementation of the concept of “energy conservation and carbon reduction”, therefore, the development and utilization of regenerated energy resources has been the keypoint of development for various countries of the world. Among the regenerated energy resources, solar energy and solar cell capable of converting sunlight into electrical energy are of the most promising energy industry, since sunlight is available all over the world, and it would not create pollution to the Earth like other energy resources (such as nuclear energy, petrochemical energy).
  • In case that the solar cell is provided with a large light irradiating area, then it can produce relatively large amount of electrical energy for use by various devices. Therefore, quite a lot of manufacturers hope to incorporate the energy saving concept into daily life of ordinary people, such as utilizing reusable solar cell in replacing the conventional disposable battery cells, so as to reduce pollution to the environment. In addition, the concept of “green energy building” can be combined with the solar cell, namely, putting solar cells in a building, where they are most exposed and irradiated by sunlight, such that energy generated by solar cell can be used to compensate for the electrical energy consumed by the building.
  • Presently, solar energy is most needed for agricultural green house and machine rooms of communication servers where constant temperatures are required. It is essential that the installation cost of the solar cell can be reduced through mass production and change of installation means, and in this respect, the conventional solar cell support structure has much room for improvement.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • In view of the problems and shortcomings of the prior art, the present invention provides a support structure made of precast concrete and a building thereof, wherein the support structure of the building is made of precast concrete, and having the advantage of low cost, increased stability, and wind resistant.
  • The present invention provides a support structure made of precast concrete, comprising: a support column and a base, the support column is used to support a building top portion, which contains at least a thin film solar cell. The base is disposed at the bottom of the support column, and the support column and the base formed integrally into one piece through utilizing concrete material.
  • In an embodiment of the present invention, the base is placed on the surface of the ground, or buried under the surface of the ground, so as to stabilize the support structure.
  • In another embodiment of the present invention, the diameter of the base can be from 30 cm to 60 cm, while the diameter of the support column can be from 5 cm to 20 cm.
  • In another aspect of the present invention, the present invention provides a building having thin film solar cell, comprising a building top portion and a plurality of support structures. The building top portion is provided with at least a thin film solar cell, and a steel frame lateral beam structure capable of supporting the thin film solar cells. Each of the support structures includes a support column and a base. The support column is used to support the building top portion, and the base is disposed at the bottom of the support column, such that the support column and the base formed integrally into one piece through utilizing concrete material. The support structures can be made in a precast way, and then transported to the site for ready and fast installations.
  • In a yet another embodiment of the present invention, the range of application for the above-mentioned building includes: an agricultural canopy, a building or a base station house having transparent top portion, and the building top portion provided with thin film solar cells.
  • Based on the above descriptions, in the present invention, the support structure of the building is made of precast concrete, such that the building top portion is provided with thin film solar cells. Compared with the conventional steel frame structure of the prior art, this kind of building having thin film solar cell is able to save cost, and can be made in advance for fast and easy installation. In addition, the base of the support structure is buried under the surface of the ground, hereby increasing the stability of the building, preventing the building top portion from being blown away by strong winds, such as typhoon, and preventing the building from tumbling down.
  • Further scope of the applicability of the present invention will become apparent from the detailed description given hereinafter. However, it should be understood that the detailed description and specific examples, while indicating preferred embodiments of the present invention, are given by way of illustration only, since various changes and modifications within the spirit and scope of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from this detailed description.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The related drawings in connection with the detailed description of the present invention to be made later are described briefly as follows, in which:
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a support structure made of precast concrete according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a building having thin film solar cells according to a first embodiment of the present invention; and
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a building having thin film solar cells according to a second embodiment of the present invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
  • The purpose, construction, features, functions and advantages of the present invention can be appreciated and understood more thoroughly through the following detailed description with reference to the attached drawings. And, in the following, various embodiments are described in explaining the technical characteristics of the present invention.
  • Refer to FIG. 1 for a schematic diagram of a support structure made of precast concrete according to a first embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, the support structure 100 includes a support column 110 and a base 120, the base 120 is disposed at the bottom of the support column 110. In order to increase stability, the support column 110 and the base 120 form integrally into one piece through utilizing concrete material, on it is not liable to be damaged or broken by winds or other outside force, and the support structure 100 can be made in a precast way to facilitate transportation and installation.
  • In the present embodiment, the support column 110 and base 120 are of cylinder shape, diameter LB of the base 120 is from 30 cm to 60 cm, and the diameter LN of the support column 110 is from 5 cm to 20 cm. However, to people with ordinary knowledge in this field, the support column 110 or base 120 can be of a hexagon, tetragon, or other shapes, so as to increase esthetics and stability of the building. In addition, the diameter LB of the base 120 should be greater than the diameter LN of the support column 110, so that the weight of the base 120 or its contact area with the surface of the ground is sufficient to support the weight of the support column 110 and the structure it supports.
  • To be more specific, the support structure 100 is mainly utilized as a support means for the building 20 having thin film solar cell. Refer to FIG. 2 for a schematic diagram of a building 20 having thin film solar cells 230 according to a first embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 2, the building 20 includes a building top portion 210 and a plurality of support structures 100. The building 20 mentioned above is applicable to an agricultural canopy, a building or a base station house having transparent top portion, and building body 20 having its top portion 210 provided with thin film solar cells 230.
  • Refer again to FIG. 2, wherein, The building top portion 210 includes at least a thin film solar cell 230, and a steel frame lateral beam structure 220 capable of supporting the thin film solar cells 230. In the present embodiment, the thin film solar cell 230 is a transparent thin film solar cell, such that when in sunny weather and broad daylight, and sunlight L1 is sufficient, red light, orange light, yellow light, and infrared light in sunlight L1 are able to pass through the thin film solar cell 230, and reach inside the building body 20 for illumination. Meanwhile, thin film solar cell 230 absorbs the green light, blue light, and ultraviolet light in sunlight L1, and converts them into electrical energy for supplying it to the building 20 in saving the expense on electricity, or even providing the surplus electricity to the Power Company to earn extra revenue. As shown in FIG. 1, each support structure 100 includes a support column 110 and a base 120, and the support column 110 is used to support building top portion 210. In the present embodiment, the base of the support structure 100 is placed on the surface of the ground, as shown in FIG. 2, so as to stabilize the support structure 100 and the building 20.
  • Compared with the prior art, the conventional building top portion 210 having thin film solar cell 230 utilizes steel frame as the support structure. However, the steel frame beam used for major support can not withstand the sudden strong winds caused by landform or weather, due to weight, stability, and wind resistance problems. For example, during typhoon or sudden strong wind in the coastal area, the conventional steel frame support structures are liable to be damaged or destroyed. In addition, the cost of steel frame support structure is far greater than that of precast concrete support structure; while the weight, shock resistant, wind resistant, outside force resistant capabilities of the support structure 100 made of precast concrete is far superior to that made of steel frame. Therefore, in the present embodiment, the support structure 100 made of precast concrete is used as the main support structure of the building 20, thus saving the installation cost and increasing the stability of the building 20.
  • Finally, refer to FIG. 3 for a schematic diagram of a building 30 having thin film solar cells 230 according to a second embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 3, the present embodiment is similar to the previous one, and their similarities will not repeated here for brevity. However, the difference is that in the second embodiment, the base of the support structure 100 can be buried under the surface of the ground (as shown as dashed line in FIG. 3), and the support column of the support structure 100 is placed above the surface of the ground to support the building top portion 210, no that the support structure 100 is much more stable in supporting the building 30, and it is not liable to be affected by strong winds or other outside forces to be damaged or tumbled down.
  • Summing up the above, in the present invention, the support structure of a building is made of precast concrete, and the building top portion is provided with thin film solar cells. Compared with the steel frame structure of the prior art, this kind of building having thin film solar cell is capable of reducing cost, and can be made in advance to facilitate installation. In addition, the base of the support structure is buried under the surface of the ground to increase the stability of the building, hereby preventing the blowing away of the building top portions during typhoon or tumbling down of the building.
  • The above detailed description of the preferred embodiment is intended to describe more clearly the characteristics and spirit of the present invention. However, the preferred embodiments disclosed above are not intended to be any restrictions to the scope of the present invention. Conversely, its purpose is to include the various changes and equivalent arrangements which are within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (10)

What is claimed is:
1. A support structure made of precast concrete, comprising:
a support column, used to support a building top portion having at least a thin film solar cell; and
abase, disposed at bottom of said support column, such that said support column and said base formed integrally into one piece by means of concrete material.
2. The support structure made of precast concrete as claimed in claim 1, wherein said base is buried under surface of ground to stabilize said support structure.
3. The support structure made of precast concrete as claimed in claim 1, wherein said base is placed on surface of ground to stabilize said support structure.
4. The support structure made of precast concrete as claimed in claim 1, wherein diameter of said base is from 30 cm to 60 cm.
5. The support structure made of precast concrete as claimed in claim 1, wherein diameter of said support column is from 5 cm to 20 cm.
6. A building having thin film solar cell, comprising:
a building top portion, including at least a thin film solar cell, and a steel frame lateral beam structure supporting said thin film solar cell; and
at least a support structure, each said support structure including:
a support column, used to support said building top portion; and
a base, disposed at bottom of said support column, such that said support column and said base formed integrally into one piece by means of concrete material.
7. The building having thin film solar cell as claimed in claim 6, wherein said building is an agricultural canopy, a building or a base station house having transparent top portion,
8. The building having thin film solar cell as claimed in claim 6, wherein said base is buried under surface of ground to stabilize said support structure.
9. The building having thin film solar cell as claimed in claim 6, wherein diameter of said base is from 30 cm to 60 cm.
10. The building having thin film solar cell as claimed in claim 6, wherein diameter of said support column is from 5 cm to 20 cm.
US13/017,421 2010-08-24 2011-01-31 Support structure made of precast concrete Abandoned US20120047825A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
TW099128294A TW201209250A (en) 2010-08-24 2010-08-24 Support structure using precast concrete
TW99128294 2010-08-24

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US20120047825A1 true US20120047825A1 (en) 2012-03-01

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20130272800A1 (en) * 2011-11-15 2013-10-17 Stephen Kelleher Ground mounting assembly
US20130291922A1 (en) * 2011-10-27 2013-11-07 Bartos Architecture, Inc. Composite Modular Power Generating Systems and Methods
CN104179193A (en) * 2014-09-16 2014-12-03 中国建材国际工程集团有限公司 Wind-resistant moment sinking-resistant reinforced improved-stability photovoltaic support base structure
JP2015055133A (en) * 2013-09-13 2015-03-23 有限会社イワコ建設 Column foundation
US9574795B2 (en) 2011-11-15 2017-02-21 Stephen Kelleher Solar system mounting assembly
US10352013B2 (en) 2011-11-15 2019-07-16 Stephen Kelleher Ground mounting assembly

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20130291922A1 (en) * 2011-10-27 2013-11-07 Bartos Architecture, Inc. Composite Modular Power Generating Systems and Methods
US20130272800A1 (en) * 2011-11-15 2013-10-17 Stephen Kelleher Ground mounting assembly
US9574795B2 (en) 2011-11-15 2017-02-21 Stephen Kelleher Solar system mounting assembly
US9611609B2 (en) * 2011-11-15 2017-04-04 Stephen Kelleher Ground mounting assembly
US10352013B2 (en) 2011-11-15 2019-07-16 Stephen Kelleher Ground mounting assembly
JP2015055133A (en) * 2013-09-13 2015-03-23 有限会社イワコ建設 Column foundation
CN104179193A (en) * 2014-09-16 2014-12-03 中国建材国际工程集团有限公司 Wind-resistant moment sinking-resistant reinforced improved-stability photovoltaic support base structure

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Publication number Publication date
TW201209250A (en) 2012-03-01

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: AN CHING NEW ENERGY MACHINERY & EQUIPMENT CO., LTD

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:CHANG, YEE SHYI;LIU, CHI-JEN;REEL/FRAME:025748/0927

Effective date: 20110114

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION