US20110302879A1 - Method for erecting a facility for producing electrical energy from wind - Google Patents

Method for erecting a facility for producing electrical energy from wind Download PDF

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US20110302879A1
US20110302879A1 US13/189,454 US201113189454A US2011302879A1 US 20110302879 A1 US20110302879 A1 US 20110302879A1 US 201113189454 A US201113189454 A US 201113189454A US 2011302879 A1 US2011302879 A1 US 2011302879A1
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Prior art keywords
tower
truss
peripheral
repeating
rail
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Abandoned
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US13/189,454
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Brookes H. Baker
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Baker Brookes H
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Priority to US39766510P priority Critical
Priority to US13/161,471 priority patent/US8653684B2/en
Application filed by Baker Brookes H filed Critical Baker Brookes H
Priority to US13/189,454 priority patent/US20110302879A1/en
Publication of US20110302879A1 publication Critical patent/US20110302879A1/en
Priority claimed from US13/674,912 external-priority patent/US8931235B2/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D1/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • F03D1/04Wind motors with rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor  having stationary wind-guiding means, e.g. with shrouds or channels
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D13/00Assembly, mounting or commissioning of wind motors; Arrangements specially adapted for transporting wind motor components
    • F03D13/10Assembly of wind motors; Arrangements for erecting wind motors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D13/00Assembly, mounting or commissioning of wind motors; Arrangements specially adapted for transporting wind motor components
    • F03D13/20Arrangements for mounting or supporting wind motors; Masts or towers for wind motors
    • F03D13/22Foundations specially adapted for wind motors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D1/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • F03D1/02Wind motors with rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor  having a plurality of rotors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/20Wind motors characterised by the driven apparatus
    • F03D9/25Wind motors characterised by the driven apparatus the apparatus being an electrical generator
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2240/00Components
    • F05B2240/40Use of a multiplicity of similar components
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/728Onshore wind turbines

Abstract

A method for erecting a facility for producing electrical energy from wind has the steps of preparing a site to receive the facility, including constructing foundations, and erecting an initial core tower panel and initial peripheral tower sections on their respective foundations. Work platforms and temporary guys are installed so that another core tower panel and other peripheral tower sections may be installed on top of the existing tower sections. The work platforms may then be raised, so that the process may be repeated. Shroud sectors are assembled as needed to form shrouds.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application for a utility patent is a continuation-in-part of a previously filed utility patent, still pending, having the application number 13/161,471, filed Jun. 15, 2011.
  • This application also claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 61/397,665, filed Jun. 15, 2010; and U.S. Provisional Application number 61/______, filed Jul. 22, 2010.
  • STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH
  • Not Applicable
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • 1. Field of the Invention
  • This invention relates generally to power generation devices, and more particularly to a method of erecting a wind power generation facility.
  • 2. Description of Related Art
  • There is no practical means in the prior art for erecting multiple large modules comprising dual wind turbines with shrouds as described in the first embodiment. To place a stack of up to ten FIG. 4 modules with turbines of only 100-foot diameter within the FIG. 7 support structure will produce a structure almost 2000 feet tall, which is beyond the reach of even the largest cranes. The FIG. 4 modules, 150 feet in diameter and 150 feet long need to be assembled in place because of their bulk and because their locations are inside the FIG. 7 support structure with no openings through which they can be inserted. Performance of this task requires a new method.
  • Yamamoto, U.S. Pat. No. 7,293,960, for example, teaches a floating wind generating facility that includes hexagonal shaped shrouds. The shape of the shrouds, and in particular the outer surfaces of the shrouds, has a shape that will create considerable drag.
  • Friesth, U.S. 2008/0124217, teaches a shroud that includes a planar face and non-aerodynamically shaped planer outer surface that together create substantial drag.
  • The facility taught in the present disclosure also includes a tower construction that may be extremely tall. In such a tall structure, it is important to minimize drag to prevent the tower from failing in extreme winds.
  • The prior art does team some substantial towers to optimize the capture of energy from the wind over a small square footage of foundation. Friesth teaches a tower construction that includes a core tower and a plurality of guys for providing lateral and torsional stability. Another example of a similar tower construction is shown in Weisbrich, U.S. Pat. No. 5,520,505.
  • The above-described references are hereby incorporated by reference in full.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention teaches certain benefits in construction and use which give rise to the objectives described below.
  • The present invention provides a method for erecting a facility for producing electrical energy from wind, the method comprising the steps of preparing the site to receive the Facility, including constructing foundations; erecting the initial core tower panel and the initial peripheral tower sections on their respective foundations; installing work platforms; connecting and tensioning temporary guys between peripheral platforms and bases of adjacent peripheral towers; climbing all work platforms to a top of the core tower panel and tops of the peripheral tower sections; deploying tensioned temporary guys; lifting, positioning, and installing another core tower panel and other peripheral tower sections on top of the existing tower sections; concurrently climbing all work platforms to the top of the top core tower panel and the top of the top peripheral tower sections; repeating steps of installing panels until a desired height is reached; installing permanent guy pairs between the peripheral tower section and the base of each adjacent peripheral tower, and disconnecting temporary guys from the bases of the peripheral towers, and reconnecting and tensioning them at the middle of adjacent peripheral towers; assembling and temporarily engaging a truss and rail system at the base the core and peripheral towers, including lower rails; attaching a plurality of locked trucks to the lower inner and outer rails; attaching an upper frame to the plurality of trucks; assembling shroud sectors as needed to form shrouds; attaching the shrouds to upper and lower frames; repeating until a desired height is reached; repeating to complete an additional sector on each tower; repeating to complete additional shrouds; and repeating until the Facility is a desired height, and includes a desired number of shrouds.
  • A primary objective of the present invention is to provide a method of erecting a facility having advantages not taught by the prior art.
  • Other advantages of this method are as follows:
      • 1. Many components used solely for erection are economical, off-the-shelf items.
      • 2. Components used solely for erection may be removed for re-use on subsequent Wind Power System erection projects.
      • 3. Workmen without specialized tower training or equipment can do most of the structure erection work because work platforms with suitable safety equipment are provided.
      • 4. Workmen without specialized tower training or equipment can do a significant amount of work at ground level.
      • 5. Erection steps are sequenced so that erection and lifting work on the structure and assembly work on the ground do not occur concurrently, thus meeting the safety requirement of not having work done overhead while men are working below. These alternating steps can be done on different shifts, so the work can proceed without delay.
  • Other features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following more detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, which illustrate, by way of example, the principles of the invention.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The accompanying drawings illustrate the present invention.
  • FIG. 1A is a perspective view of a facility illustrating a support structure and multiple modules, according to one embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 1B is a perspective view of the multiple modules with the support structure removed.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a power system of the facility.
  • FIG. 3A is a perspective view of a shroud of the facility.
  • FIG. 3B is a sectional view of the shroud taken along line 3B-3B in FIG. 3A.
  • FIG. 3C is a perspective view of a platform of the facility.
  • FIG. 3D is a perspective cutaway of the shroud showing the platform of FIG. 3C positioned within the shroud of FIG. 3, and also illustrating internal supports in the shroud.
  • FIG. 3E is a front elevation sectional view of the shroud interior structure system.
  • FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of the module and rails upon which the module is rotatably mounted.
  • FIG. 5A is a perspective view of the upper frame.
  • FIG. 5B is a detail of the outer truck.
  • FIG. 5C is a perspective view of the lower frame.
  • FIG. 5D is a detail of the front inner truck.
  • FIG. 5E is a detail of the rear inner truck.
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the module control system.
  • FIG. 7 is a top plan view of the support structure, without the modules.
  • FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the core tower.
  • FIG. 9 is a perspective view of the peripheral tower.
  • FIG. 10 is a perspective view of the truss and rail system.
  • FIG. 11 is a perspective view of the ring truss.
  • FIG. 12 is an elevation view of the radial truss.
  • FIG. 13 is an elevation view of the peripheral truss.
  • FIG. 14 is an elevation view of the rail truss.
  • FIG. 15 is a plan view of the rails.
  • FIG. 16 is an elevation view of guy pairs.
  • FIG. 17 is a plan view of the core work platform.
  • FIG. 18 is a plan view of the peripheral work platform.
  • FIG. 19 is an oblique view of the radial work truss.
  • FIG. 20 is an oblique view of FIG. 2 shroud sector.
  • FIG. 21 is a front view of a partial FIG. 2 shroud assembly setup.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • The above-described drawing figures illustrate the invention, a method for erecting a facility for producing electrical energy from a prevailing wind above a surface.
  • The method of erecting the referenced first embodiment of the Wind Power System is comprised, first, of site preparation, second, of alternating among three erection sub-processes, and third, of removing special components. Erection sub-process one is a method of installing the tower portions of the support structure by adding increments to the top. Erection sub-process two is a method of assembling trusses and modules at the base of the facility. Erection sub-process three is a method of raising assembled trusses and modules while maintaining integrity of the supporting structure. When the erection sub-processes are complete, special components used solely for erection are removed for re-use.
  • First, we will discuss some of the structures of one embodiment of the invention. Then we will discuss the steps of construction used in one embodiment of the invention.
  • FIG. 1A is a perspective view of one embodiment of the facility. FIG. 1B is a perspective view of the facility of FIG. 1A, with a support structure removed to better illustrate multiple modules of the facility. The embodiment, singly or in multiple installations, is most efficient in meeting large power demands where construction sites are at a premium.
  • As illustrated in FIGS. 1A and 1B, the facility includes a power system, a plurality of shrouds, a plurality of wind turbines, a plurality of modules, a pivotal mounting system, and a support structure. The support structure supports a large number of the wind turbines far above the surface (e.g., ground, water, or other location) to both maximize the amount of wind captured, and also to minimize the footprint of the facility.
  • FIG. 2 shows a schematic view of one embodiment of the power system. The power system of FIG. 2 includes a wind turbine 204, a hydraulic system 206, an electrical generation system 208, struts 210, and a platform 212. The hydraulic system 206 may include a pump 214, a control system 216, motors 218, plus lines and other components 220. The hydraulic system 206 converts mechanical energy from the turbine 204, via the pump 214, to energy in the form of fluid flow. Fluid flow is then distributed to the appropriate hydraulic motors 218 by the controller 216. The hydraulic motors 218 then convert the fluid flow to mechanical energy which is transmitted to the generators 222.
  • The control system 216 of the power system includes distribution elements (e.g., valves) for distributing fluid flow from the pump to different size motors 218 and a logic to optimize the production of power. The control system 216 can also accept flows from a plurality of pumps 214 in the modules, illustrated in FIG. 4.
  • The turbine 204, the pump 214, and a portion of the lines and other components 220 are supported by the struts 210. The struts 210 are in turn supported by the shroud illustrated in FIG. 3A. The control system 216, motors 218, a portion of the electrical generation system 208, and a portion of the hydraulic lines and other components 220 are supported by the shroud, as discussed in greater detail below. While one embodiment of the power system is illustrated, alternative power systems known in the art (e.g., mechanical gearing, and other alternatives) may also be utilized, and such alternative embodiments should be considered within the scope of the present invention.
  • FIG. 3A shows one embodiment of one of the plurality of shrouds. As illustrated in FIG. 3A, the shroud is an aerodynamic hollow shell located around the wind turbine 204, as illustrated in FIG. 1A. The shroud of FIG. 3A may be a specially shaped toroid with a horizontal axis 324, an inner surface 304, and an outer surface 306. The shroud also has a front 308 and a rear 310. This front and rear orientation also applies to all components of the modules, illustrated in FIG. 4. Wind approaches the shroud from the front 308 and leaves the rear 310. The minimum diameter D of the inner surface 304 is the throat 312. The dimensions of the shroud and many other dimensions of the Wind Power System are proportional to the diameter D of the throat 312. As illustrated in FIG. 1A, the turbine 204 is located at the throat 312.
  • FIG. 3B illustrates a section from FIG. 3A shroud. The shroud of FIGS. 2A and 2B is a hollow shell of revolution, or toroid, formed by the path of FIG. 3B shape rotated a full circle of 360 degrees around the horizontal axis 324. FIG. 3B shape includes points 326, 328, 332, and 338, plus lines 330, 334, 336, and 340. The front 308 of the FIG. 3A shroud is more specifically defined as the circle generated by point 326 when FIG. 3B shape is rotated. Point 326 is located a distance of 0.7 D from the axis 324, but may be located in the range of 0.55 D to 0.95 D from axis 324. The rear 310 of the FIG. 3A shroud is more specifically defined as the circle generated by a point 328 when FIG. 3B shape is rotated. Point 328 is a horizontal distance of 1.5 D to the rear of the vertical plane containing point 326, but may be located in the range of 0.5 D to 2.5 D to the rear of point 326.
  • As illustrated in FIG. 3B, the outer surface 306 of the shroud of this embodiment includes an outer front curve 330 that begins at point 326 going away from and perpendicular to axis 324. The direction of curve 330 may vary as much as fifteen degrees to the rear of perpendicular to axis 324. Curve 330 terminates going parallel to and a distance of 0.75 D from axis 324 at point 332. The direction of curve 330 at its termination may vary as much as ten degrees away from parallel to axis 324. The distance of point 332 from axis 324 may vary from 0.6 D to 2 D. Point 332 is a horizontal distance of 0.075 D to the rear from point 326. Point 332 may vary from 0.05 D to 1.5 D to the rear from point 326. Curve 330 is a quadrant of an ellipse in the first embodiment, but may take any shape. The outer rear line 334 in FIG. 3B shape begins at point 332 and terminates at point 328. Line 334 varies in slope relative to axis 324 in the first embodiment. The minimum slope of line 334 is 4 degrees toward axis 324 at point 332 and the maximum slope is 6.5 degrees toward axis 324 at point 328. The slope of line 334 may vary from parallel to axis 324 to fifteen degrees toward axis 324.
  • As illustrated in FIG. 3B, the inner surface 304 includes an inner front curve 336 that begins at point 326 going toward and perpendicular to axis 324. The direction of curve 336 at its origin may vary as much as fifteen degrees to the rear of perpendicular to axis 324. Curve 336 terminates going parallel to and a distance of 0.5 D from axis 324 at point 338. The direction of curve 336 at its termination may vary as much as ten degrees away from parallel to axis 324. In the present embodiment, point 338 is a horizontal distance of 0.3 D to the rear from point 326. In alternative embodiments, point 338 may vary from 0.1 D to 1.5 D to the rear from point 326. Curve 336 is a quadrant of an ellipse in the first embodiment, but may be alternative shapes in different embodiments. The path of point 338, when rotated about the axis, forms the throat 312 of the shroud. The inner rear line 340 in the FIG. 3B shape begins at point 338 and terminates at point 328. Line 340 varies in slope relative to axis 324. The minimum slope of line 340 is 4 degrees away from axis 324 at point 338. The maximum slope of line 320 is 6.5 degrees away from axis 324 at point 328. The slope of line 340 may vary from zero degrees to fifteen degrees away from axis 324.
  • Shroud construction for this embodiment includes several additional provisions as follows: It provides for structural connection to the frame beams 502 and 522. It provides structural support for the struts 210 and the platform 212. It provides interior bracing, illustrated in FIG. 3E, as needed for structural stability and to facilitate assembly. In this embodiment, the shroud may be constructed to also include ingress (e.g., a door) to the interior of the shell. In this manner, the shroud may provide an interior work area as needed for maintenance of the power system. The interior work area may provide egress to service the turbine 204, and it may further provide interior lighting and a ventilation system for use when the interior is in use by maintenance personnel.
  • FIG. 3C is a perspective view of one embodiment of the platform 212 of the facility. FIG. 3D is a perspective cutaway of the shroud showing the platform of FIG. 3C positioned within the shroud of FIG. 3A. In the embodiment of FIGS. 3C and 3D, the platform 212 is positioned within the shroud and contains the control system 216, motors 218, a portion of the electrical generation system 208, and a portion of the hydraulic lines and other components 220. In this embodiment, the shroud serves the added purpose of containing and protecting the platform 212 and the above-mentioned components, and providing a safe location for maintenance workers to work on these components.
  • While the platform 212 may be internal to the shroud, it may also be located elsewhere if desired, or if the shroud is not big enough to accommodate it. The electrical generation system 208 includes direct current generators 222 increasing in size from small to large, module busses 224, a common direct current buss 226 and an optional alternating current electrical converter 228. The generators 222 and module busses 224 for each FIG. 4 module are located on the platform 212 for that FIG. 4 module. The common direct current buss 226 and optional alternating current converter 228 may be located at a base of the facility of FIG. 1A. The power system of FIG. 2 may produce direct current electricity, or alternating current electricity compatible to a power grid.
  • FIG. 3E is a front elevation sectional view of the shroud interior structure system 346. The shroud interior structure system 346 includes internal supports 350 between the inner surface 304 and the outer surface 306. While one arrangement of internal supports 350 is illustrated, alternative structures and arrangements may also be used, and such alternatives known in the art should be considered within the scope of the present invention.
  • FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of the module of FIG. 1A, and rails upon which the module is rotatably mounted. In the embodiment of FIG. 4, each module includes two shrouds (illustrated in FIG. 3A), and portions of the power system (illustrated in FIG. 2) located in the shrouds. In alternative embodiments, each module may include more than two shrouds, and the shrouds may be disposed in different arrangements (e.g., a pair of shrouds on either side, either side by side or stacked, or alternative numbers and arrangements of shrouds). Such alternatives should be considered within the scope of the present invention.
  • As illustrated in FIG. 4, each module may further include frames for connecting the shrouds. In the embodiment of FIG. 4, the frame may include an upper frame (illustrated in FIG. 5A), and a lower frame (illustrated in FIG. 5C). The upper frame of illustrated in FIG. 5A and the lower frame of FIG. 5C hold the shrouds in position and support them on opposite sides of the core tower, as illustrated in FIG. 1A.
  • As illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5A, the upper frame includes frame upper beams 502 connected to the top of the shrouds at the front ends 504 and at the rear ends 506. Beams 502 are preferably directly above axis 324. Other convenient shroud load points 508 may also connected to the beams 502. The upper frame may further includes a front bar 512 between the two beam front ends 504, and a rear bar 514 between the two beam rear ends 506.
  • FIG. 5B is a detail of the outer truck 510. As illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5B, the upper frame includes one or more mounted pairs of wheels, or trucks 510, attached above the four beam ends 504 and 506. These trucks 510 transmit the vertical loads from the module to the outer rail 704, as illustrated in FIG. 4. In the embodiment of FIGS. 4, 5A, and 5B, the pivotal mounting system includes the rails and trucks described herein. The pivotal mounting system may also include alternative embodiments known to those skilled in the art.
  • FIG. 5C illustrates one embodiment of the lower frame. In many respects the FIG. 5C lower frame is equivalent to the FIG. 5A upper frame, except it is turned upside-down to be located at the bottom of the FIG. 4 module rather than at the top. The specific differences of FIG. 5C lower frames from FIG. 5A upper frames are as follows: The shrouds of FIG. 3A are connected to the top of the beam ends 524 and beam ends 526 of the beams 522. Trucks 510 are attached to the bottom of the ends 524 and beam ends 526 of beams 522. Trucks 516 are attached to the bottom of the front bar 532 and to the bottom of the rear bar 534. Trucks 510 and trucks 516 are assembled with outer rails 704 and inner rails 706 located below.
  • As illustrated in FIG. 4, and FIGS. 5D and 5E, a plurality of trucks 516 are attached to the upper and lower frames for engaging the inner rails 706, for supporting horizontal loads placed upon the shrouds by the wind. FIG. 5D is a detail of the front inner truck. FIG. 5E is a detail of the rear inner truck. The trucks 516 are attached above the front bar 512, and may be centered on its mid-point; and the trucks 516 may also be attached above the rear bar 514, and likewise may be centered on its mid-point. These trucks 516 are positioned to transmit the horizontal load from the upper frame to the inner rail 706 (of FIG. 5E).
  • As illustrated in FIGS. 5A and 5C, truss members 518 transmit the upper frame horizontal loads from the beam 502 front ends 504 and rear ends 506 to the plurality of trucks 516 (as best illustrated in FIG. 4). These truss members 518 are arranged to provide a stable structure for transmitting the horizontal load from beams 502 to trucks 516. In the present embodiment, the upper frame members 502, 512, 514, and 518, except the trucks 510 and 516, are aligned on one horizontal plane.
  • As illustrated in FIG. 4, trucks 510 and 516 roll on circular rails 704 and 706, respectively, fixed to the structure illustrated in FIG. 7. The trucks 510 and 516, and rails 704 and 706, allow the module of FIG. 4 to rotate around the core tower (illustrated in FIG. 8). The trucks 510 and 516 are part of the frame of FIG. 5A The rails 704 and 706 are part of the structure of FIG. 7. The outer truck of FIG. 5B engages the outer rail 704. The inner trucks 516 engage the inner rails 706 in the front of the modules of FIG. 4. FIG. 5E shows the assembly of the inner trucks 516 with inner rails 706 above and to the rear of the modules of FIG. 4.
  • The module of FIG. 4 shows module guy pairs 402, which are pairs of cables connecting diagonally between the upper frame of FIG. 5A and the lower frame of FIG. 5C. One module guy pair 402 is located in a vertical plane at the front of the upper frame and the lower frame. Another guy pair 402 is located in a vertical plane at the rear of the upper frame and the lower frame. These module guy pairs 402 provide structural and dimensional stability to each module.
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic drawing of a module control system included in each of the modules of FIG. 4. The module control system includes a wind direction sensing device 604, a module control device 606, and a plurality of electric motors 608 for driving a plurality of outer trucks 510. The module control system is installed in each module to keep it positioned facing the prevailing wind. When the wind direction sensing device 604 senses a change in the direction of the wind, using technology known to those skilled in the art, the module control device 606 uses the electric motors 608 to turn the module in a manner that maintains the module in the correct orientation with respect to the wind.
  • FIG. 7 shows a top plan view of one embodiment of the support structure. The support structure of this embodiment includes a core tower illustrated in FIG. 8, peripheral towers illustrated in FIG. 9, the truss and rail system described above, and guys 702. In this embodiment there are six peripheral towers; however, this number may vary depending upon the requirements of those skilled in the art (three or greater may be used).
  • As illustrated in FIG. 10, the truss and rail system includes a ring truss (illustrated in FIG. 11), six radial trusses (illustrated in FIG. 12), six peripheral trusses (illustrated in FIG. 13), six rail trusses (illustrated in FIG. 14), one or two outer rails 704, one or two inner rails 706, and 12 or 24 braces 708. The number of FIG. 12 radial trusses, FIG. 13 peripheral trusses, FIG. 14 rail trusses, and braces 708 will change in correlation with the number of FIG. 9 peripheral towers used.
  • The FIG. 10 truss and rail system connects the FIG. 8 core tower to the FIG. 11 ring truss and connects the FIG. 11 ring truss to the FIG. 9 peripheral towers by means of the FIG. 11 radial truss. The FIG. 10 truss and rail system connects adjacent FIG. 9 peripheral towers to one another by means of the FIG. 12 peripheral trusses. The FIG. 10 truss and rail system connects adjacent FIG. 11 radial trusses to one another by means of the FIG. 13 rail trusses. Each FIG. 10 truss and rail system comprises one or two outer rails 704 and one or two inner rails 706. Outer rails 704 and inner rails 706 are provided as needed to receive vertical and horizontal loads respectively from outer trucks 510 and inner trucks 516 of the FIG. 4 modules. Braces 708 provide supplemental lateral support to inner rails 706 by connecting them to FIG. 11 ring trusses. FIG. 10 truss and rail systems occur at vertical intervals sufficient to allow the FIG. 4 modules to be supported between them. Individual FIG. 4 modules may be omitted at the discretion of the owner and the space left empty or used for other purposes. The FIG. 10 truss and rail system locations are above, between and below the FIG. 4 modules.
  • FIG. 8 shows the first embodiment of the core tower. The FIG. 8 core tower has three vertical legs 802 forming an equilateral triangle. The legs 802 are separated by a horizontal distance of 0.433 D identified as a face 804 of the FIG. 8 core tower. The number of legs in the core tower may also be four, and the distance between legs may vary from 0.1 D to 0.7 D. Each of the three faces 804 has a pattern of lacings 806 between the legs 802. This lacing pattern is repeated at intervals, which intervals are the definition of a panel 808 of the FIG. 8 core tower. A sector 810 of the FIG. 8 core tower is defined as enough panels connected into a vertical stack to equal the vertical distance between the centerlines of FIG. 10 truss and rail systems. FIG. 11 ring trusses are attached at the middle of the top panel 808 of each sector 810. The legs 802 of the top panel 808 of each sector 810 are strengthened to support the attached FIG. 11 ring truss. The bottom of each leg 802 is supported by a foundation 812 which may be any configuration appropriate for the soils at a specific site and the loads imposed.
  • FIG. 9 shows the first embodiment of the peripheral tower. The FIG. 9 peripheral tower has three vertical legs 902 forming an equilateral triangle. FIG. 9 peripheral tower may also be configured to have four legs. One of the legs 902 is oriented toward the center of the FIG. 8. core tower. Legs 902 are separated by a horizontal distance of approximately 0.10 D, which is identified as a face 904 of the FIG. 9 peripheral tower. The face width may vary from 0.05 D to 0.25 D. Each of the three faces 904 has a pattern of lacings 906 between the legs 902. This lacing pattern is repeated a sufficient number of times to equal the panel 808 height of the FIG. 8 core tower. This panel height is the definition of a section 908 of the FIG. 9 peripheral tower. A sector 910 of the FIG. 9 peripheral tower is defined as enough sections 908 connected into a vertical stack to equal the vertical distance between the centerlines of FIG. 10 truss and rail systems. FIG. 12 radial trusses and FIG. 13 peripheral trusses are attached at the middle of the top section 908 of each sector 910. The legs 902 of the top section 908 of each sector 910 are strengthened to support the attached FIG. 12 radial truss and FIG. 13 peripheral trusses. The bottom of each leg 902 is supported by a foundation 912 configured appropriately for the soils at each site and the loads imposed.
  • FIG. 11 shows the first embodiment of ring truss. FIG. 11 ring trusses include a top ring 1102 and a bottom ring 1104. Each ring 1102 and ring 1104 includes six equal members 1106. If more or less than six FIG. 9 peripheral towers are used, the number of members in the ring 1102 and ring 1104 are modified to match. The lengths of the sides of the FIG. 11 ring truss are sufficient for it to span around FIG. 8 core tower and connect to the FIG. 8 core tower legs 802. The vertical distance between rings 1002 and 1004 is 0.1167 D, but may vary from 0.05 D to 2.5 D. Each corner of the top ring 1102 is connected to the corner of the bottom ring 1104 directly below with a vertical strut 1108. Each portion of the FIG. 11 ring truss between adjacent struts 1108 is defined as a face 1110 of the FIG. 11 ring truss. Each of the faces 1110 has a pattern of lacings 1112 between the adjacent struts 1108 to provide structural stability to the frame. Each FIG. 11 ring truss is positioned around the FIG. 8 core tower so some of its corners align vertically with the legs 802 of the FIG. 8 core tower. These aligned corners are attached to the FIG. 8 core tower at the middle of a top section 808 of each sector 810.
  • FIG. 12 shows the first embodiment of the radial truss. Each FIG. 12 radial truss length is oriented horizontally. The FIG. 11 radial truss depth is oriented vertically with a top chord 1202 and a bottom chord 1204. The vertical distance between the top chord 1202 and the bottom chord 1204 is 0.1167 D, exactly matching and varying with the FIG. 11 ring truss depth. The full lengths of the top chord 1202 and the bottom chord 1204 are connected with a continuous series of diagonal lacings 1206. The total length of the FIG. 12 radial truss is 1.655 D, but may vary from 1.5 D to 2.5 D. The inner end 1208 of each FIG. 12 radial truss is connected to one vertex of the FIG. 11 ring truss. There are six FIG. 12 radial trusses connected to each FIG. 11 ring truss. The number of FIG. 12 radial trusses will vary to match the number of FIG. 9 peripheral towers. The outer end 1210 of each FIG. 12 radial truss is connected to the inside leg 902 of the FIG. 9 peripheral tower at that location.
  • FIG. 13 shows the first embodiment of the peripheral truss. Each FIG. 13 peripheral truss length is oriented horizontally. Each FIG. 13 peripheral truss depth is oriented vertically with a top chord 1302 and a bottom chord 1304. The vertical distance between the top chord 1302 and the bottom chord 1304 is 0.1167 D, exactly matching and varying with the FIG. 12 radial truss depth. The full lengths of the top chord 1302 and the bottom chord 1304 are connected with a continuous series of diagonal lacings 1306. The total length of the FIG. 13 peripheral truss is 1.9124 D, but may vary from 1.5 D to 2.5 D. Each end of the FIG. 12 peripheral truss is connected to the inside leg of the FIG. 9 peripheral tower and the FIG. 11 radial truss at that location.
  • FIG. 14 shows the first embodiment of the rail truss. Each FIG. 14 rail truss is oriented horizontally. The FIG. 14 rail truss depth is oriented vertically with a top chord 1402 and a bottom chord 1404. The vertical distance between the top chord 1402 and the bottom chord 1404 is 0.1167 D, exactly matching and varying with the FIG. 12 radial truss depth. The full lengths of the top chord 1402 and the bottom chord 1404 are connected with a continuous series of diagonal lacings 1406. The total length of the FIG. 14 rail truss is 1.2474 D, but may vary from 1.0 D to 2.0 D. Each end of the FIG. 14 rail truss is connected to a FIG. 12 radial truss.
  • FIG. 15 shows a plan view of the first embodiment of outer rails 704 and inner rails 706. The outer rail 704 has a radius of 1.097 D, which may vary from 0.75 D to 1.5 D. Outer rail 704 is attached at points 1502 to the six FIG. 12 radial trusses at sixty-degree intervals. Outer rail 704 is attached at points 1504 in two places to each of the six FIG. 14 rail trusses between the FIG. 12 radial trusses. The locations of the attachments 1504 to the FIG. 13 rail trusses are spaced so the rail 704 is attached at regular twenty-degree intervals throughout its full circumference. The number of rail 704 attachments 1502 and 1504 and their angular intervals will vary with the number of FIG. 12 radial trusses.
  • Inner rail 706 has a radius of approximately 0.255 D, which may vary from 0.5 D to 1.5 D. Inner rail 706 is attached at points 1506 to the six FIG. 12 radial trusses at sixty-degree intervals. Inner rail 706 is supported to resist horizontal loads by braces 708 at points 1508 halfway between the FIG. 12 radial trusses. Braces 708 are positioned as shown in FIG. 7B between rails 706 and FIG. 11 ring trusses. The number of rail 706 attachments 1506 and their angular intervals will vary with the number of FIG. 12 radial trusses.
  • FIG. 16 is a partial elevation view drawing of the outside face of FIG. 7 structure. FIG. 16 shows the configuration of pairs of guys 702. Guys 702 connect diagonally between adjacent FIG. 9 peripheral towers and between adjacent FIG. 10 truss and rail system levels. However, the bottom pair of guys 702 connect between the bottom FIG. 10 truss and rail system and the base of the two adjacent FIG. 9 peripheral towers. Guys 702 provide structural stability to the FIG. 7 structure.
  • OPERATION OF THE FIRST EMBODIMENT
  • Each FIG. 4 module is continually oriented to face directly into the prevailing wind. The wind entering the front 308 of each FIG. 3A shroud has its velocity increased by approximately 50 percent at the throat 312 by the carefully selected aerodynamic shape of the outer front curve 330 and the inner front curve 336. This increased wind velocity then drives the turbine 204 located at the throat 312 and the related FIG. 2 power system to produce electric energy for human use. Both the FIG. 3A shroud shape and the FIG. 2 power system are selected and optimized to increase the power production as much as possible
  • The wind passing over the FIG. 3A shroud produces drag forces. The total aerodynamic shape of the FIG. 3A shroud is optimized to the extent feasible to reduce these drag forces. This is significant because all structural components of the Wind Power System must provide the strength to resist wind forces as well as support the weight of the System. The cost of this strength affects the commercial feasibility of the System.
  • METHOD FOR ERECTING THE FIRST EMBODIMENT
  • Erecting the first embodiment of the Wind Power System may be accomplished as follows:
  • Phase 1: Site Preparation.
  • As Step 1 of the erection method, preparing the site may include clearing obstructions from the site, grading the site as needed, preparing the surface of access roads, storage areas, and work areas 1902, constructing security facilities, constructing utilities, and constructing foundations 812 and 912.
  • Phase 2: Initial Panel, Sections, and Work Facilities.
  • As Step 2A of the erection method, lifting, positioning, and installing a single panel 808 of the FIG. 8 core tower and single sections 908 of each FIG. 9 peripheral tower as self-supporting structures on previously constructed foundations 812 and 912.
  • FIG. 15 is a plan view of one embodiment of the core work platform. FIG. 16 is a plan view of one embodiment of the peripheral work platform. Providing each FIG. 15 and FIG. 16 platform with a grated work area 1502 and 1602, respectively. Equipping each FIG. 15 and FIG. 16 platform with climbing mechanisms 1504 and 1604 which engage each FIG. 8 leg 802 and each FIG. 9 leg 902. Enabling FIG. 15 and FIG. 16 platforms to climb the FIG. 8 and FIG. 9 towers to which they are engaged by means of the operation of mechanisms 1504 and 1604, respectively. Utilizing electric motor powered rack and pinion drive units as the first embodiment of mechanisms 1504 and 1604. Equipping the FIG. 15 platform and each FIG. 16 platform with guard rails 1506 and 1606, respectively. Equipping the FIG. 15 platform with crane 1510 and each FIG. 16 platform with crane 1610 for lifting and positioning subsequent components of the adjacent FIG. 8 or FIG. 9 tower. Equipping the FIG. 15 platform and each FIG. 16 platform with a plurality of hoists 1512 and 1612, respectively, installed adjacent to each leg 802 and each leg 902, respectively. Equipping each FIG. 16 platform with two temporary guy devices 1614 capable of deploying guys while maintaining pre-determined tensioning, and locking deployment should the applied tension exceed specified limits. Attaching two temporary guy devices 1614 to each FIG. 16 platform, one adjacent to each FIG. 9 peripheral tower outside leg 902.
  • FIG. 17 is an oblique view of one embodiment of the radial work truss. Providing FIG. 17 radial work truss with grated walkway 1702. Providing FIG. 17 radial work truss with top chord 1704, bottom chord 1706, lacings 1708, struts 1710, guardrails 1712, and walkway supports 1714.
  • As Step 2B of the erection method, equipping the FIG. 8 core tower with a personnel elevator 1508. Assembling FIG. 15 and FIG. 16 platforms around the bottom portion of each initial panel 808 and section 908 respectively. Deploying and connecting the temporary guy contained in each temporary guy device 1614 to the base of the FIG. 9 tower adjacent to and a horizontal distance of approximately 2.2 D from the FIG. 16 platform to which the temporary guy device 1607 is attached. Installing a FIG. 17 radial work truss between each FIG. 16 platform and each FIG. 15 platform.
  • As Step 2C of the erection method, concurrently climbing the FIG. 15 and the plurality of FIG. 16 platforms to the top of their respective FIG. 8 and FIG. 9 tower top panel 808 and top sections 908, respectively, utilizing mechanisms 1504 and 1604, respectively. Deploying from the temporary guy devices 1614 additional tensioned guy cable 1616 during the process of climbing. Extending the personnel elevator 1508 to the top of the FIG. 8 core tower. Including in every subsequent step of the erection process wherein the FIG. 15 and FIG. 16 platforms climb FIG. 8 and FIG. 9 towers, deployment of additional tensioned guy cable 1616 by temporary guy devices 1614 and extending the personnel elevator 1508.
  • Phase 3: Initial Sector Advance.
  • As step 3A of the erection method, lifting, positioning, and installing an additional panel 808 of the FIG. 8 core tower and an additional section 908 of each FIG. 9 peripheral tower utilizing cranes 1510 and 1610 respectively. Performing this step by personnel working solely from the safety of FIG. 15 and FIG. 16 platforms and FIG. 17 radial work truss.
  • As Step 3B of the erection method, concurrently climbing the FIG. 15 and FIG. 16 platforms and the FIG. 17 radial work trusses up the new panel 808 and sections 908, respectively, using the 1504 and 1604 mechanisms. Positioning the FIG. 15 and FIG. 16 platforms at the top of the new top panel 808 and sections 908.
  • As Step 3C of the erection method, repeating steps 3A and 3B four times. Completing at the end of this step a total of six panels 808 of the FIG. 8 core tower and six sections 908 of each FIG. 9 peripheral tower. Including in FIG. 8 core tower one sector 810 plus one top panel 808 with FIG. 15 platform positioned at the top. Including in each FIG. 9 peripheral tower one sector 910 plus one top section 908 with FIG. 16 platform positioned at the top.
  • As Step 3D of the erection method, installing and tensioning permanent guys 702 in the newly completed sectors 910 as shown in FIG. 16. Disconnecting temporary guys 1616 from the bottom of the newly completed sectors 910 and retracting the deployed temporary guys 1616 into the plurality of temporary guy devices 1614 as needed. Attaching and tensioning the temporary guys 1616 at the bottom of the new top sectors 910 located a distance of approximately 2.2 D horizontally from the guy devices 1614 as in Step 2B.
  • Phase 4: Module Assembly with Power System
  • As Step 4A of the erection method, assembling FIG. 10 truss and rail system at the base of the FIG. 8 and FIG. 9 towers and temporarily engaging it to the FIG. 8 and FIG. 9 towers. Temporarily engaging the FIG. 10 truss and rail system in a manner that allows it to be readily disengaged, lifted by the hoists 1512 and 1612, and positioned on higher temporary engagements as needed. Attaching rails 704 and 706 only to the bottom of the FIG. 10 truss system in this one location.
  • As Step 4B of the erection method, raising the assembled FIG. 10 truss system from Step 4A a few feet and positioning it on temporary engagements by use of hoists 1512 and 1612 to provide space for further assembly below.
  • As Step 4C of the erection method, attaching four locked trucks 510 to the bottom of rail 704 and attaching four locked trucks 516 to the bottom of rail 706. Attaching FIG. 5 upper frame to the plurality of trucks 510 and trucks 516 just installed as shown in FIG. 4 and FIG. 5A.
  • FIG. 18 is an oblique view of an embodiment of the FIG. 2 shroud sector. Showing FIG. 18 shroud sector comprising an outside front panel 1802, an outside rear panel 1804, an inside rear panel 1806, an inside front panel 1808, transverse joints 1810 between panels at the front 308, middle, and rear 310, and diagonal struts 1812 at middle transverse joints 1810. A FIG. 18 shroud sector may have any number of pairs of inner and outer panels with associated middle transverse joints 1810 and temporary struts 1812. Assembling FIG. 18 shroud sectors is done concurrently with previous erection phases and steps, and is located conveniently near or adjacent to the FIG. 1 Facility construction site because FIG. 18 shroud sectors are long, relatively fragile prior to being incorporated into the assembled FIG. 3A shroud, and should be handled as little as possible to prevent damage.
  • As Step 4D of the erection method, assembling FIG. 18 shroud sectors as needed for two FIG. 3A shrouds and positioning them to be readily available for attachment in the proper order to the beams 502 of FIG. 5A upper frame installed in Step 4C.
  • FIG. 19 is a front view of a partial FIG. 3A shroud assembly setup. Showing FIG. 19 partial FIG. 3A shroud assembly setup comprising the work area 1902, an initial pair 1904 of FIG. 18 shroud sectors attached to beams 502 at each side of the FIG. 5A upper frame as described in Step 4E, subsequent shroud sector pairs 1906, 1908, and 1910 attached to each side of each FIG. 3A shroud being assembled as described in Step 4F and Step 4G, sector pairs 1912 in position on the base assembly area 1902 to be lifted and attached to the installed portion of each FIG. 3A shroud.
  • As Step 4E of the erection method, repeating Step 4B, then lifting the top center FIG. 18 shroud sector or shroud sectors 1904 of each of the two FIG. 3A shrouds being assembled and attaching them to beam 502 of the FIG. 5A upper frame as shown in FIG. 19 partial FIG. 3A shroud assembly setup. Installing internal supports 350 of the shroud interior structure system 346 incrementally as FIG. 18 shroud sectors are added, and removing temporary struts 1812 as they are no longer needed.
  • As Step 4F of the erection method, repeating Step 4B, then lifting and attaching one of the shroud sectors 1904 on each side of the installed center portion of each FIG. 3A shroud being assembled as shown in FIG. 19 shroud assembly setup. Installing internal supports 350 of the shroud interior structure system 346 incrementally as FIG. 18 shroud sectors are added, and removing temporary struts 1812 as they are no longer needed.
  • As Step 4G of the erection method, continuing to repeat Step 4F until the pair of FIG. 3A shrouds is completed. Installing turbine struts 110 as each FIG. 3A shroud assembly progresses. Installing the turbines 204, platforms 212, hydraulic systems 206, a portion of electrical system 208, and control systems 216 as the FIG. 3A shroud assembly progresses.
  • As step 4H of the erection method, repeating Step 4B. Attaching FIG. 5C lower frame complete with a plurality of locked trucks 510 and 516 to the bottom of the completed FIG. 3A shrouds. Installing module guy pairs 402 to complete the FIG. 4 module. Noting that at this point in the process, the top of the FIG. 10 truss and rail system supporting the FIG. 4 module is at the top of the fifth panel 808 and the fifth section 908 of sectors 810 and 910 of the FIG. 8 and FIG. 9 towers, respectively.
  • Phase 5: Second Tower Sector and Module Advances. Second Module Assembly.
  • As Step 5A of the erection method, repeating Steps 3A and 3B five times. Repeating Step 3D. Completing new sectors 810 and 910 of the FIG. 8 and FIG. 9 towers with five panels 808 in FIG. 8 core tower and five sections 908 in each FIG. 9 peripheral tower. Providing in addition to new sectors 810 and 910, one additional panel 810 on FIG. 8 core tower and one additional section 910 on each FIG. 9 peripheral tower, at the top of which additional panel 810 and additional sections 910 the FIG. 15 and FIG. 16 work platforms are positioned.
  • As Step 5B of the erection method, raising the top FIG. 10 truss and rail system with the FIG. 4 module attached, to the top of the fifth panel 808 and the fifth sections 908 in the top sectors 810 and 910 of the FIG. 8 and FIG. 9 towers using the hoists 1512 and 1612 on the FIG. 15 and FIG. 16 platforms. Engaging this top FIG. 10 top truss and rail system with temporary attachments at that location.
  • As Step 5C of the erection method, Repeating Step 4A. Attaching rails 704 and 706 to the top of FIG. 10 truss and rail system as well as to the bottom.
  • As Step 5D of the erection method, repeating Steps 4B through 4H to complete an additional FIG. 4 module.
  • Phase 6: Subsequent Tower Sector and Module Advances. Subsequent Module Assemblies.
  • As Step 6A of the erection method, repeating Step 5A to advance FIG. 8 and FIG. 9 towers.
  • As Step 6B of the erection method, repeating Step 5B as many times as needed to raise all existing FIG. 10 truss and rail systems with FIG. 4 modules attached, starting with raising the top existing FIG. 10 truss and rail system, then proceeding to raise the next lower FIG. 10 truss and rail systems in sequence until the bottom sectors 810 and 910 are left clear.
  • As Step 6C of the erection method, repeating Step 5C assembling an additional FIG. 10 truss and rail system at the base.
  • As Step 6D of the erection method, repeating Step 5D to complete an additional FIG. 4 module.
  • As Step 6E of the erection method, repeating Steps 6A, 6B, 6C, and 6D until all the required FIG. 4 modules are completed.
  • Phase 7: Final Tower Sector and Module Advance. Final Truss and Rail System.
  • As Step 7A of the erection method, repeating Step 6A advancing FIG. 8 and FIG. 9 towers.
  • As Step 7B of the erection method, repeating Step 6B raising FIG. 10 truss and rail systems to their final positions and leaving bottom sectors 810 and 910 clear.
  • As Step 7C of the erection method, repeating Step 5C, but with upper rails only.
  • As Step 7D of the erection method, raising the assembled FIG. 10 truss and rail system from Step 7C to the bottom of the bottom module.
  • Phase 8: Completion.
  • As Step 8A of the erection method, connecting each FIG. 10 truss and rail system permanently to the FIG. 8 and FIG. 9 towers.
  • As step 8B of the erection method, unlocking the plurality of locked trucks 510 and 516 on all FIG. 5C lower frames and connecting them to the adjacent rails 704 and 706 on top of the adjacent FIG. 10 truss and rail systems. Unlocking the plurality of trucks 510 and trucks 516 on all FIG. 5A upper frames. As step 8C, of the erection method, removing special components used solely for erection, including the FIG. 15 and FIG. 16 platforms, mechanisms 1504 and 1604, cranes 1510 and 1610, hoists 1512 and 1612, temporary guy devices 1614, FIG. 17 radial work trusses, temporary engagements for the FIG. 10 truss and rail systems, the top panel of the FIG. 8 core tower, and the top section 908 of each FIG. 9 peripheral tower.
  • Wind Power System Erection Method—First Embodiment Listing of Phases and Steps with Abbreviated Descriptions Phase 1: Step 1, Site Preparation Phase 2: Initial Panel, Sections, and Work Facilities
  • Step 2A, Erect initial core tower panel and peripheral tower sections.
  • Step 2B, Install work platforms and walkways. Connect temporary guy pairs.
  • Step 2C, Climb work platforms and walkways to top of panel and sections.
  • Phase 3: Initial Sector Advance
  • Step 3A, Erect single panel and section.
  • Step 3B, Climb work facilities to top of top panel and sections.
  • Step 3C, Repeat Steps 3A and 3B four times.
  • Step 3D, Install permanent guy pairs in new sector. Connect temporary guys above.
  • Phase 4: Initial Module Assembly with Power System
  • Step 4A, Assemble truss and rail system at base with lower rails only.
  • Step 4B, Raise truss and rail system a few feet with hoists.
  • Step 4C, Attach locked upper trucks and top frame below lower rails.
  • Step 4D, Assemble shroud sectors as needed.
  • Step 4E, Repeat step 4B. Attach center shroud sectors.
  • Step 4F, Repeat Step 4B. Install pairs of shroud sectors, both sides of assembled portion.
  • Step 4G, Repeat Step 4F to shroud completion, with supplemental components.
  • Step 4H, Repeat Step 4B. Install bottom frame with trucks. Install module guy pairs.
  • Phase 5: Second Tower Sector and Module Advances; Second Module Assembly
  • Step 5A, Repeat Steps 3A and 3B five times. Repeat Step 3D.
  • Step 5B, Raise truss and rail system with completed module to top available 5th panel position.
  • Step 5C, Repeat Step 4A, but with both top and bottom rails.
      • Step 5D, Repeat Steps 4B through 4H to complete module.
    Phase 6: Subsequent Tower Sector and Module Advances; Subsequent Module Assemblies
  • Step 6A, Repeat Step 5A to advance towers.
  • Step 6B, Repeat Step 5B as needed to raise all modules to top available 5th panel positions.
  • Step 6C, Repeat Step 5C. Assemble truss system at base.
  • Step 6D, Repeat step 5D to complete module
  • Step 6E, Repeat Steps 6A, 6B, 6C and 6D to complete all modules.
  • Phase 7: Final Tower Sector and Module Advance; Final Truss and Rail System
  • Step 7A, Repeat Step 6A to advance towers.
  • Step 7B, Repeat Step 6B. Raise all modules leaving bottom sector clear.
  • Step 7C, Repeat Step 5C with top rails only. Assemble bottom truss and rail system at base.
  • Step 7D, Raise bottom truss and rail system to bottom module
  • Phase 8: Completion
  • Step 8A, Connect truss and rail systems permanently to towers
  • Step 8B, Unlock all trucks. Connect lower trucks to rails below. Distribute truck loads.
  • Step 8C, Remove erection components.
  • As used in this application, the words “a,” “an,” and “one” are defined to include one or more of the referenced item unless specifically stated otherwise. Also, the terms “have,” “include,” “contain,” and similar terms are defined to mean “comprising” unless specifically stated otherwise. Furthermore, the terminology used in the specification provided above is hereby defined to include similar and/or equivalent terms, and/or alternative embodiments that would be considered obvious to one skilled in the art given the teachings of the present patent application.

Claims (2)

1. A method for erecting a Facility for Producing Electrical Energy From Wind, the method comprising the steps of:
(Step 1) preparing the site to receive the Facility, including constructing foundations;
(Step 2A) erecting the initial core tower panel and the initial peripheral tower sections on their respective foundations;
(Step 2B) installing work platforms;
(Step 2C) connecting and tensioning temporary guys between peripheral platforms and bases of adjacent peripheral towers;
(Step 2D) climbing all work platforms to a top of the core tower panel and tops of the peripheral tower sections;
(Step 2E) deploying tensioned temporary guys;
(Step 3A) lifting, positioning, and installing another core tower panel and other peripheral tower sections on top of the existing tower sections,
(Step 3B) concurrently climbing all work platforms to the top of the top core tower panel and the top of the top peripheral tower sections;
(Step 3C) repeating Step 3A and Step 3B until a desired height is reached;
(Step 3D) installing permanent guy pairs between the peripheral tower section and the base of each adjacent peripheral tower, and disconnecting temporary guys from the bases of the peripheral towers, and reconnecting and tensioning them at the middle of adjacent peripheral towers;
(Step 4A) assembling and temporarily engaging a truss and rail system at the base the core and peripheral towers, including lower rails;
(Step 4B) attaching a plurality of locked trucks to the lower inner and outer rails;
(Step 4C) attaching an upper frame to the plurality of trucks;
(Step 4D) assembling shroud sectors as needed to form shrouds;
(Step 4E) attaching the shrouds to upper and lower frames;
(Step 5A) repeating Step 3A and Step 3B until a desired height is reached;
(Step 5B) repeating Step 3D to complete an additional sector on each tower;
(Step 5C) repeating steps 4A-4E to complete additional shrouds; and
Step 6) repeating steps 5A-5C until the Facility is a desired height, and includes a desired number of shrouds.
2. A method for erecting a Facility for Producing Electrical Energy From Wind, the method comprising the steps of:
(Step 1) preparing the site to receive the Facility, including constructing foundations,
(Step 2A) erecting the initial core tower panel and the initial peripheral tower sections on their respective foundations,
(Step 2B) installing work platforms with their facilities comprising grated work areas, guard rails, climbing mechanisms, cranes, and hoists, installing walkways comprising grated work areas and guardrails, connecting and tensioning temporary guys between peripheral platforms and the bases of adjacent peripheral towers, installing a personnel elevator in the core tower,
(Step 2C) concurrently climbing all work platforms to the top of the core tower panel and the top of the peripheral tower sections, further deploying tensioned temporary guys, extending the personnel elevator to the new work platform position,
(Step 3A) lifting, positioning, and installing a core tower panel and peripheral tower sections on top of the existing tower sections,
(Step 3B) concurrently climbing all work platforms to the top of the top core tower panel and the top of the top peripheral tower sections, further deploying tensioned temporary guys, extending the personnel elevator to the new work platform position,
(Step 3C) repeating Step 3A and Step 3B four times,
(Step 3D) installing permanent guy pairs between the middle of the fifth peripheral tower section and the base of each adjacent peripheral tower, disconnecting temporary guys from the bases of the peripheral towers, reconnecting and tensioning them at the middle of the fifth section of adjacent peripheral towers,
(Step 4A) assembling and temporarily engaging a truss and rail system at the base the core and peripheral towers, including lower rails but no upper rails,
(Step 4B) temporarily disengaging and raising the truss and rail system a few feet, to provide work space below, temporarily engaging the truss and rail system to the core tower and to the peripheral towers at the higher location,
(Step 4C) attaching a plurality of locked trucks to the lower inner and outer rails, attaching an upper frame to the plurality of trucks just installed,
(Step 4D) assembling shroud sectors as needed for two shrouds concurrently with previous steps, positioning shroud sectors conveniently adjacent to the work area at the base of the Facility,
(Step 4E) repeating Step 4B, attaching center shroud sectors to the upper frame end beams at each end of the upper frame, installing internal supports as needed, removing temporary struts,
(Step 4F) repeating step 4B, attaching one shroud sector on each side of the previously attached shroud center portions, installing internal supports, removing temporary struts,
(Step 4G) repeating step 4F until the pair of shrouds is completed, installing turbine struts, turbines, platforms, hydraulic systems, portions of electrical systems, and control systems as shroud assembly progresses,
(Step 4H) repeating Step 4B, attaching lower frame complete with a plurality of locked trucks to the bottom of the completed shrouds,
(Step 5A) repeating Step 3A and Step 3B five times, repeating Step 3D to complete an additional sector on each tower,
(Step 5B) disengaging and raising the top truss and rail system with module attached to the top of the new fifth panel of the core tower and to the top of the new fifth section of the peripheral towers using the hoists on the work platforms, temporarily engaging the top truss and rail system to the towers at this location,
(Step 5C) repeating step 4A, attaching rails to the top as well as the bottom of the truss and rail system,
(Step 5D) repeating Steps 4B through 4H to complete an additional module,
(Step 6A) repeating Step 5A to complete an additional sector on each tower,
(Step 6B) repeating Step 5B as many times as needed to raise all existing truss and rail systems with modules attached to the top of the open sector above starting with the top truss and rail system, proceeding to raise the next lower truss and rail system in sequence until the bottom sector is left clear,
(Step 6C) repeating Step 5C to construct an additional truss and rail system at the base of the Facility,
(Step 6D) repeating Step 5D to complete an additional module,
(Step 6E) repeating steps 6A, 6B, and 6C until all the required truss and rail systems supporting modules are completed,
(Step 7A) repeating Step 6A to complete an additional sector on each tower,
(Step 7B) repeating Step 6B raising all truss and rail systems to their final positions,
(Step 7C) repeating Step 5C with top rails only to assemble bottom truss and rail system at base,
(Step 7D) raising bottom truss and rail system to bottom module,
(Step 8A) attaching all truss and rail systems permanently to the towers,
(Step 8B) unlocking the plurality of trucks on all lower frames and connecting them to the adjacent rails, unlocking the plurality of trucks on all upper frames,
(Step 8C) removing special components used solely for erection including platforms, walkways, mechanisms, cranes, temporary guy devices, temporary engagements for truss and rail systems, top panel of the core tower, and top sections of the peripheral towers.
US13/189,454 2010-06-15 2011-07-22 Method for erecting a facility for producing electrical energy from wind Abandoned US20110302879A1 (en)

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US20100213717A1 (en) * 2005-06-09 2010-08-26 Yehuda Roseman System for producing electricity from jetstreams and tower therefor
US20110304142A1 (en) * 2010-06-15 2011-12-15 Baker Brookes H Facility for producing electrical energy from wind
US20140105721A1 (en) * 2012-10-17 2014-04-17 Dan Koko Optimized mass flow through a multi staged duct system guide vane of a wind turbine
US20140125065A1 (en) * 2012-02-07 2014-05-08 Sung-Chul Son Pillar tyoe wind power generator
US20140245671A1 (en) * 2011-05-23 2014-09-04 Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc. Wind turbine tower system
WO2016034818A1 (en) * 2014-09-05 2016-03-10 Wind-It Tower structure for vertical-axis wind turbine rotor
WO2016093433A1 (en) * 2014-12-09 2016-06-16 대진대학교 산학협력단 Super high-rise complex building system

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