US20110270251A1 - Insulated Sealing Plate - Google Patents

Insulated Sealing Plate Download PDF

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Publication number
US20110270251A1
US20110270251A1 US12770380 US77038010A US2011270251A1 US 20110270251 A1 US20110270251 A1 US 20110270251A1 US 12770380 US12770380 US 12770380 US 77038010 A US77038010 A US 77038010A US 2011270251 A1 US2011270251 A1 US 2011270251A1
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US
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Prior art keywords
electrically insulative
stainless steel
sealing plate
layer
end effector
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12770380
Inventor
Glenn A. Horner
Christina A. Oliver
Kim V. Brandt
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Covidien LP
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Covidien LP
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B18/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating
    • A61B18/12Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating by passing a current through the tissue to be heated, e.g. high-frequency current
    • A61B18/14Probes or electrodes therefor
    • A61B18/1442Probes having pivoting end effectors, e.g. forceps
    • A61B18/1445Probes having pivoting end effectors, e.g. forceps at the distal end of a shaft, e.g. forceps or scissors at the end of a rigid rod
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B18/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating
    • A61B18/12Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating by passing a current through the tissue to be heated, e.g. high-frequency current
    • A61B18/1206Generators therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B2018/00053Mechanical features of the instrument of device
    • A61B2018/00059Material properties
    • A61B2018/00071Electrical conductivity
    • A61B2018/00083Electrical conductivity low, i.e. electrically insulating
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B2018/00571Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body for achieving a particular surgical effect
    • A61B2018/00589Coagulation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B2018/00571Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body for achieving a particular surgical effect
    • A61B2018/00595Cauterization
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B2018/00571Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body for achieving a particular surgical effect
    • A61B2018/0063Sealing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49002Electrical device making
    • Y10T29/49117Conductor or circuit manufacturing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49002Electrical device making
    • Y10T29/49117Conductor or circuit manufacturing
    • Y10T29/49124On flat or curved insulated base, e.g., printed circuit, etc.
    • Y10T29/49147Assembling terminal to base

Abstract

An end effector assembly for use with an electrosurgical instrument is provided. The end effector assembly has a pair of opposing jaw members. Each of the jaw members has a support base, an electrical jaw lead, and a sealing plate coupled to the electrical jaw lead. The sealing plate has a stainless steel layer and an electrically insulative layer.

Description

    BACKGROUND
  • 1. Technical Field
  • The present disclosure relates to an electrosurgical instrument and method for sealing tissue. More particularly, the present disclosure relates to an electrosurgical tool including opposing jaw members having sealing plates with improved electrical insulation.
  • 2. Background of the Related Art
  • Electrosurgical forceps utilize mechanical clamping action along with electrical energy to effect hemostasis on the clamped tissue. The forceps (open, laparoscopic or endoscopic) include electrosurgical sealing plates which apply the electrosurgical energy to the clamped tissue. By controlling the intensity, frequency and duration of the electrosurgical energy applied through the sealing plates to the tissue, the surgeon can coagulate, cauterize, and/or seal tissue.
  • During an electrosurgical procedure, tissue sealing plates are used to apply electrosurgical energy to tissue. Because the sealing plates conduct electricity, care must be taken to electrically insulate the sealing plates from other electrically conductive components of the electrosurgical forceps and to limit and/or reduce many of the known undesirable effects related to tissue sealing, e.g., flashover, thermal spread, and stray current dissipation. Typically, tissue sealing surfaces are disposed on inner facing surfaces of opposing jaw members such that the tissue sealing surfaces are utilized to seal tissue grasped between the jaw members. Often, the manufacturing of jaw members requires the use of a two-shot molding process that includes a pre-shot overmold of insulative material (e.g., plastic) placed between the underside of the sealing plate and the steel structural support base of the jaw member to provide electrical insulation between the jaw member and the tissue sealing surface.
  • SUMMARY
  • In an embodiment of the present disclosure, an end effector assembly including a pair of opposing jaw members is provided. Each of the jaw members includes a support base, an electrical jaw lead, and a sealing plate coupled to the electrical jaw lead. The sealing plate has a stainless steel layer and an electrically insulative layer bonded to an underside of the sealing plate.
  • In another embodiment of the present disclosure, an electrosurgical instrument for sealing tissue is provided. The electrosurgical instrument may include a housing having at least one shaft extending therefrom, a handle assembly operably coupled to the housing and including at least one movable handle, a rotating assembly operably coupled to the housing and configured to rotate the at least one shaft, and an end effector assembly including a pair of opposing jaw members. Each of the jaw members includes a support base, an electrical jaw lead, and a sealing plate coupled to the electrical jaw lead. The sealing plate has a stainless steel layer and a polyimide layer bonded to an underside of the sealing plate.
  • In another embodiment of the present disclosure, a method of manufacturing a jaw member of an electrosurgical end effector assembly includes the steps of providing a support base and bonding a polyimide layer to an underside of a stainless steel tissue sealing surface. The method also includes the steps of engaging the underside of the tissue sealing surface to the support base and coupling an electrical lead to the tissue sealing surface, The electrical lead is adapted to connect the tissue sealing surface to an energy source. The method also includes the step of overmolding an insulative material about the support base to secure the tissue sealing surface to the support base.
  • In another embodiment of the present disclosure, a method of manufacturing a sealing plate for a jaw member of an electrosurgical forceps includes the steps of bonding a sheet of polyimide to a sheet of stainless steel and stamping the bonded sheet to form a sealing plate for affixing to a jaw member of an electrosurgical forceps.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The above and other aspects, features, and advantages of the present disclosure will become more apparent in light of the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an endoscopic bipolar forceps in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure;
  • FIG. 2 is a perspective view of an open bipolar forceps according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;
  • FIGS. 3A and 3B are exploded views of opposing jaw members according to an embodiment of the present disclosure; and
  • FIG. 4 is a cross sectional view of a sealing plate according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • Particular embodiments of the present disclosure are described hereinbelow with reference to the accompanying drawings; however, it is to be understood that the disclosed embodiments are merely examples of the disclosure and may be embodied in various forms. Well-known functions or constructions are not described in detail to avoid obscuring the present disclosure in unnecessary detail. Therefore, specific structural and functional details disclosed herein are not to be interpreted as limiting, but merely as a basis for the claims and as a representative basis for teaching one skilled in the art to variously employ the present disclosure in virtually any appropriately detailed structure.
  • Like reference numerals may refer to similar or identical elements throughout the description of the figures. As shown in the drawings and described throughout the following description, as is traditional when referring to relative positioning on a surgical instrument, the term “proximal” refers to the end of the apparatus which is closer to the user and the term “distal” refers to the end of the apparatus which is further away from the user. The term “clinician” refers to any medical professional (i.e., doctor, surgeon, nurse, or the like) performing a medical procedure involving the use of embodiments described herein.
  • As described in more detail below with reference to the accompanying figures, the present disclosure is directed to opposing jaw members of a vessel sealer having sealing plates with a bonded electrically insulative bottom layer on an underside thereof. Having a electrically insulative layer between the sealing plate and the jaw member has many advantages. For instance, the need for the above discussed pre-shot overmolding of insulative material about the jaw members is eliminated, thereby simplifying the manufacturing of the vessel sealer. Additionally, bonding a electrically insulative layer to the sealing plate strengthens the structure thereof, thereby allowing for larger or longer sealing plates and/or jaw members to be manufactured without necessarily compromising structural integrity.
  • Turning now to FIG. 1, an instrument generally identified as forceps 10 is for use with various surgical procedures and includes a housing 20, a handle assembly 30, a rotating assembly 80, a trigger assembly 70, and an end effector assembly 100 that mutually cooperate to grasp, seal, and divide tubular vessels and vascular tissues. Forceps 10 includes a shaft 12 that has a distal end 16 dimensioned to mechanically engage the end effector assembly 100 and a proximal end 14 that mechanically engages the housing 20. The end effector assembly 100 includes opposing jaw members 110 and 120, which cooperate to effectively grasp tissue for sealing purposes. The end effector assembly 100 is a bilateral assembly, i.e., both jaw members 110 and 120 pivot relative to one another about a pivot pin (not shown). The jaw members 110 and 120 may be curved to facilitate manipulation of tissue and to provide better “line-of-sight” for accessing targeted tissues.
  • Examples of forceps are shown and described in commonly-owned U.S. application Ser. No. 10/369,894 entitled “VESSEL SEALER AND DIVIDER AND METHOD MANUFACTURING SAME” and commonly-owned U.S. application Ser. No. 10/460,926 (now U.S. Pat. No. 7,156,846) entitled “VESSEL SEALER AND DIVIDER FOR USE WITH SMALL TROCARS AND CANNULAS”.
  • With regard to FIG. 2, an open forceps 200 for use with various surgical procedures is shown. Forceps 200 includes a pair of opposing shafts 212 a and 212 b having an end effector assembly 230 attached to the distal ends 216 a and 216 b thereof, respectively. End effector assembly 230 includes pair of opposing jaw members 232 and 234 that are pivotably connected about a pivot pin 265 and that are movable relative to one another to grasp tissue. Each shaft 212 a and 212 b includes a handle 215 and 217, respectively, disposed at the proximal end 214 a and 214 b thereof and that each define a finger hole 215 a and 217 a, respectively, therethrough for receiving a finger of the user. Finger holes 215 a and 217 a facilitate movement of the shafts 212 a and 212 b relative to one another to pivot the jaw members 232 and 234 from an open position, wherein the jaw members 232 and 234 are disposed in spaced relation relative to one another, to a clamping or closed position, wherein the jaw members 232 and 234 cooperate to grasp tissue therebetween.
  • FIGS. 3A and 3B are perspective views of opposing jaw members 310 and 320 according to one embodiment of the present disclosure. Similar to jaw members 232 and 234, each of the jaw members 310 and 320 include: sealing plates 312 and 322, respectively; electrical jaw leads 325 a and 325 b, respectively; and support bases 319 and 329 that extend distally from flanges 313 and 323, respectively. Each of sealing plates 312 and 322 include an underside 328 a and 328 b, respectively, that has a respective electrically insulative layer 330 a and 330 b bonded thereto. Electrically insulative layers 330 a and 330 b operate to electrically insulate sealing plates 312 and 322, respectively, from support bases 319 and 329, respectively. Further, electrically insulative layers 330 a and 330 b operate to prevent or slow the onset of corrosion of sealing plates 312 and 322, respectively, at least on the undersides 328 a, 328 b thereof. In one embodiment, electrically insulative layers 330 a and 330 b may be formed from polyimide. However, in other embodiments, any suitable electrically insulative material may be utilized, such as polycarbonate, polyethylene, etc.
  • Support bases 319 and 329 are configured to support electrically conductive sealing plates 312 and 322 thereon. Sealing plates 312 and 322 may be affixed atop the support bases 319 and 329, respectively, by any suitable method including but not limited to snap-fitting, overmolding, stamping, ultrasonic welding, etc. The support bases 319 and 329 and sealing plates 312 and 322 are at least partially encapsulated by insulative housings 316 and 326, respectively, by way of an overmolding process to secure sealing plates 312 and 322 to support bases 319 and 329, respectively. The sealing plates 312 and 322 are coupled to electrical jaw leads 325 a and 325 b, respectively, via any suitable method (e.g., ultrasonic welding, crimping, soldering, etc.). Electrical jaw lead 325 a supplies a first electrical potential to sealing plate 312 and electrical jaw lead 325 b supplies a second electrical potential to opposing sealing plate 322.
  • Jaw member 320 may also include a series of stop members 390 disposed on the inner facing surface of sealing plate 312 to facilitate gripping and manipulation of tissue and to define a gap between opposing jaw members 310 and 320 during sealing and cutting of tissue. The series of stop members 390 are applied onto the sealing plate 312 during manufacturing. Further, the sealing plates 312 and 322 may include longitudinally-oriented knife slots 315 a and 315 b, respectively, defined therethrough for reciprocation of a knife blade (not shown). The electrically insulative layers 330 a and 330 b disposed on the undersides 328 a and 328 b, respectively, of sealing plates 312 and 322, respectively, allow for various blade configurations such as, for example, t-shaped blades that may contact the underside of the sealing plate during reciprocation through knife slots 315 a, 315 b. That is, the electrically insulative layers 330 a, 330 b operate to protect both the knife blade and the undersides 328 a and 328 b of the sealing plates 312 and 322, respectively, from damage or wearing. Further, in the instance that an electrically conductive knife blade is utilized (e.g., for electric tissue cutting), the electrically insulative layers 330 a, 330 b help to electrically insulate the sealing plates 312, 322 from the electrically conductive knife blade.
  • Turning now to FIG. 4, a cross-sectional view of sealing plate 412 is shown. Sealing plate 412 is similar to sealing plates 312 and 322 described above. As shown in FIG. 4, sealing plate 412 has a stainless steel layer 410 and a electrically insulative layer 430 a. Sealing plate 500 may be formed by bonding electrically insulative layer 430 a to stainless steel layer 410. Bonding electrically insulative layer 430 a to stainless steel layer 410 may be accomplished by any suitable method including, but not limited to, applying adhesive between electrically insulative layer 430 a and stainless steel layer 410, using heat treatment to bond electrically insulative layer 430 a to stainless steel layer 410. Electrically insulative layer 430 a may have a thickness ranging from about 0.001 inches to about 0.005 inches. Sealing plate 412, which includes stainless steel layer 410 and electrically insulative layer 430 a, may have a thickness ranging from about 0.005 inches to about 0.010 inches. Sealing plate 412 may be formed by bonding a sheet of electrically insulative to a sheet of stainless steel. Once the two materials are bonded together, sealing plate 412 may be formed by stamping, machining, or any other suitable method used to form a sealing plate.
  • It should be understood that the foregoing description is only illustrative of the present disclosure. Various alternatives and modifications can be devised by those skilled in the art without departing from the disclosure. Accordingly, the present disclosure is intended to embrace all such alternatives, modifications and variances. The embodiments described with reference to the attached drawing figs. are presented only to demonstrate certain examples of the disclosure. Other elements, steps, methods and techniques that are insubstantially different from those described above and/or in the appended claims are also intended to be within the scope of the disclosure.

Claims (18)

  1. 1. An end effector assembly including a pair of opposing jaw members, each of the jaw members comprising:
    a support base;
    an electrical jaw lead; and
    a sealing plate coupled to the electrical jaw lead, the sealing plate having a stainless steel layer and an electrically insulative layer bonded to an underside of the sealing plate.
  2. 2. The end effector assembly according to claim 1, wherein the electrically insulative layer is formed from polyimide.
  3. 3. The end effector assembly according to claim 1, wherein the electrically insulative layer is formed from a material selected from the group consisting of polycarbonate and polyethylene.
  4. 4. The end effector assembly according to claim 1, wherein the electrical jaw lead is ultrasonically welded to the stainless steel layer of the sealing plate.
  5. 5. The end effector assembly according to claim 1, wherein the electrically insulative layer is bonded to the stainless steel layer by adhesive.
  6. 6. The end effector assembly according to claim 1, wherein the electrically insulative layer is bonded to the stainless steel layer via heat treatment.
  7. 7. An electrosurgical instrument for sealing tissue, comprising:
    a housing having at least one shaft extending therefrom;
    a handle assembly operably coupled to the housing and including at least one movable handle;
    a rotating assembly operably coupled to the housing and configured to rotate the at least one shaft; and
    an end effector assembly including a pair of opposing jaw members, each of the jaw members comprising:
    a support base;
    an electrical jaw lead; and
    a sealing plate coupled to the electrical jaw lead, the sealing plate having a stainless steel layer and an electrically insulative layer bonded to an underside of the sealing plate.
  8. 8. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 7, wherein the pair of opposing jaw members each include a knife channel defined longitudinally therethrough.
  9. 9. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 7, wherein the electrical jaw lead is coupled to the sealing plate with an ultrasonic weld.
  10. 10. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 7, wherein the electrical jaw lead is ultrasonically welded to the stainless steel layer of the sealing plate.
  11. 11. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 7, wherein the electrically insulative layer is bonded to the stainless steel layer.
  12. 12. The electrosurgical instrument according to claim 7, wherein the electrically insulative layer is bonded to the stainless steel layer by adhesive.
  13. 13. The end effector assembly according to claim 7, wherein the electrically insulative layer is bonded to the stainless steel layer via heat treatment.
  14. 14. A method of manufacturing a jaw member of an electrosurgical end effector assembly, the steps comprising:
    providing a support base;
    bonding an electrically insulative layer to an underside of a stainless steel tissue sealing surface;
    coupling an electrical lead to the tissue sealing surface, the electrical lead adapted to connect the tissue sealing surface to an energy source;
    engaging the underside of the tissue sealing surface to the support base; and
    overmolding an insulative material about the support base to secure the tissue sealing surface thereto.
  15. 15. A method according to claim 14, wherein the support base is formed from machined steel.
  16. 16. A method according to claim 14, wherein the insulative material is an insulative plastic material.
  17. 17. A method according to claim 14, wherein the bonding step further comprises the step of applying adhesive to the underside of the tissue sealing surface,
  18. 18. A method according to claim 14, wherein the electrically insulative layer is formed from polyimide.
US12770380 2010-04-29 2010-04-29 Insulated Sealing Plate Abandoned US20110270251A1 (en)

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US12770380 US20110270251A1 (en) 2010-04-29 2010-04-29 Insulated Sealing Plate
EP20110164275 EP2382938B1 (en) 2010-04-29 2011-04-29 Insulated sealing plate
US14513908 US20150137422A1 (en) 2010-04-29 2014-10-14 Insulated sealing plate

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EP2382938A3 (en) 2012-01-25 application
US20150137422A1 (en) 2015-05-21 application

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