US20110051413A1 - Optic shielding - Google Patents

Optic shielding Download PDF

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Publication number
US20110051413A1
US20110051413A1 US12/868,195 US86819510A US2011051413A1 US 20110051413 A1 US20110051413 A1 US 20110051413A1 US 86819510 A US86819510 A US 86819510A US 2011051413 A1 US2011051413 A1 US 2011051413A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
lens
portion
lighting assembly
light
light source
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12/868,195
Inventor
Mark Anthony Hand
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ABL IP Holding LLC
Original Assignee
ABL IP Holding LLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US23669309P priority Critical
Application filed by ABL IP Holding LLC filed Critical ABL IP Holding LLC
Priority to US12/868,195 priority patent/US20110051413A1/en
Assigned to ABL IP HOLDING LLC reassignment ABL IP HOLDING LLC ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: HAND, MARK ANTHONY
Publication of US20110051413A1 publication Critical patent/US20110051413A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29DPRODUCING PARTICULAR ARTICLES FROM PLASTICS OR FROM SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE
    • B29D11/00Producing optical elements, e.g. lenses or prisms
    • B29D11/0074Production of other optical elements not provided for in B29D11/00009- B29D11/0073
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C45/00Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C45/16Making multilayered or multicoloured articles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21KNON-ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES USING LUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING ELECTROCHEMILUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING CHARGES OF COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL; LIGHT SOURCES USING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AS LIGHT-GENERATING ELEMENTS; LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21K9/00Light sources using semiconductor devices as light-generating elements, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] or lasers
    • F21K9/60Optical arrangements integrated in the light source, e.g. for improving the colour rendering index or the light extraction
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V11/00Screens not covered by groups F21V1/00, F21V3/00, F21V7/00 or F21V9/00
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V13/00Producing particular characteristics or distribution of the light emitted by means of a combination of elements specified in two or more of main groups F21V1/00 - F21V11/00
    • F21V13/02Combinations of only two kinds of elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V13/00Producing particular characteristics or distribution of the light emitted by means of a combination of elements specified in two or more of main groups F21V1/00 - F21V11/00
    • F21V13/02Combinations of only two kinds of elements
    • F21V13/04Combinations of only two kinds of elements the elements being reflectors and refractors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V5/00Refractors for light sources
    • F21V5/08Refractors for light sources producing an asymmetric light distribution
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS OR TO MATERIALS FOR MOULDS, REINFORCEMENTS, FILLERS OR PREFORMED PARTS, e.g. INSERTS
    • B29K2995/00Properties of moulding materials, reinforcements, fillers, preformed parts or moulds
    • B29K2995/0018Properties of moulding materials, reinforcements, fillers, preformed parts or moulds having particular optical properties, e.g. fluorescent or phosphorescent
    • B29K2995/0025Opaque
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS OR TO MATERIALS FOR MOULDS, REINFORCEMENTS, FILLERS OR PREFORMED PARTS, e.g. INSERTS
    • B29K2995/00Properties of moulding materials, reinforcements, fillers, preformed parts or moulds
    • B29K2995/0018Properties of moulding materials, reinforcements, fillers, preformed parts or moulds having particular optical properties, e.g. fluorescent or phosphorescent
    • B29K2995/0026Transparent
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29LINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS B29C, RELATING TO PARTICULAR ARTICLES
    • B29L2011/00Optical elements, e.g. lenses, prisms
    • B29L2011/0016Lenses
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2115/00Light-generating elements of semiconductor light sources
    • F21Y2115/10Light-emitting diodes [LED]

Abstract

A lighting assembly includes a light source and a lens. The lens includes a light transmissive portion and an optic shield portion for blocking or redirecting at least a portion of light generated by the light source. The light source can include one or more light emitting diodes (LEDs). The optic shield can be painted on or otherwise applied to a portion of the lens. Alternatively, it can be integrally formed with the lens. The optic shield can be an opaque material for blocking light generated by the light source or can be a reflective material for reflecting light generated by the light source through the light transmissive portion of the lens. Methods for making an optic shield are also described.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION
  • This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional patent application Ser. No. 61/236,693, filed Aug. 25, 2009, which is incorporated herein by this reference in its entirety.
  • FIELD
  • Embodiments of the present invention relate to optical light shielding.
  • BACKGROUND
  • In the lighting industry, it is desirable that light fixtures emit and direct light in only desired areas. Preventing unwanted light glare or light trespass into unwanted areas is desirable. One method for preventing light from entering certain areas is referred to as light shielding. Light shielding is found in many traditional lighting applications, such as High Intensity Discharge (HID) lamps, in which a barrier or shield is positioned between the light source and the area in which light is not desired. This same conventional method may be used with light emitting diodes (LEDs). For example, LEDs 10 may have barriers 20 placed adjacent lenses 30, as shown in FIG. 1. The barriers 20 prevent light from reaching areas not desired to be illuminated. However, as shown in FIG. 1, the barrier is a separate component from the lens and LED which can lead to increased construction costs and installation time. Therefore, there is a need for alternative configurations to achieve this same result.
  • SUMMARY
  • Certain embodiments of the present invention provide light shields integral with the optics.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES
  • FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a prior art LED and shield configuration.
  • FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of a lighting assembly using optic shielding according to one embodiment of this invention.
  • FIG. 2A is a top view of a lighting assembly using optic shielding according to the embodiment of FIG. 2.
  • FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a lighting assembly using optic shielding according to another embodiment of this invention.
  • FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of a lighting assembly using optic shielding according to another embodiment of this invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • Certain embodiments of the present invention provide a combination of shielding within the optics of a light source. The shielding may be integrated and formed within the optics used to direct the light source. The shielding may block the light, or redirect the light into an area in which light is desired.
  • As shown in FIGS. 2 and 2A, the lighting assembly 100 includes a light source such as an LED 110 positioned within a lens 120. While LEDs are used in the illustrated embodiments described herein, other sources of light are contemplated. In yet other embodiments, the lighting assembly 100 can include a plurality of LEDs 110.
  • The configuration of the lens 120 may vary depending on the desired optical properties. In the embodiment of FIG. 2, the lens 120 includes a light transmissive portion 125 and a shield 130 formed of an opaque paint or other material that is positioned along a portion of the surface area of the lens 120. The lens 120 could be made out of glass, a thermoplastic material such as acrylic, polycarbonate or combinations thereof, or any other optically clear material.
  • The shield 130 blocks transmission of the light produced by the LED 110, preventing the light 140 from exiting the lens 120 in the area provided with shield 130. The shield 130 may be made of any opaque material that does not allow light 140 to transmit through it. Suitable opaque materials include, but are not limited to, dark paint, silicone, and epoxy. The opaque material forming the shield 130 may be painted or applied to the outer or inner surface of the lens 120. In one application method, the light transmissive portion 125 of the lens 120 is masked so that only the desired shape and size of the shield 130 is exposed. The opaque material is then applied to the lens 120 so that the material adheres only to the exposed portion of the lens 120 intended to form the shield 130. With respect to all of the embodiments disclosed herein, one of skill in the art will understand that the shape, size, and positioning of the shield 130, 230, 330 on the lens 120, 220, 320 may be tailored to suit particular applications and by no means is limited to the embodiments disclosed herein.
  • Similar to the embodiment of FIGS. 2 and 2A, the lighting assembly 200 illustrated in FIG. 3 allows transmission of light generated by at least one light source such as an LED 210 through a light transmissive portion 225 of a lens 220, and further includes a shield 230 that prevents transmission of light 240 emitted from the at least one LED 210 through the lens 220 in the shielded areas. However, the shield 230 is formed of a reflective material that reflects that same light 240 in a desired direction. The shield 230 may be formed on the outer or inner surface of the lens 220. In one embodiment, a polymeric material is applied to the outer surface of the lens 220 and a metallic finish applied (such as via a vacuum metalizing process) to impart reflectivity. In other embodiments, a reflective paint is used to form the reflective shield 230. Exemplary paints include those sold under the tradenames GL-22, GL-80 and GL-30, all available from DuPont. In yet other embodiments, a reflective liner (not illustrated), such as Optilon™ available from DuPont, may be applied to the lens 220 to form the shield 230.
  • The lighting assembly 300 of FIG. 4 operates in much the same fashion as that in FIG. 3, with a lens 320 having a light transmissive portion 325 and a shield 330, but is formed of a co-molding process to form the shield 330 integral with the lens 320. A first thermoplastic material such as polycarbonate is introduced into a mold to form the light transmissive portion 325 of the lens 320, and a second material, preferably a highly reflective plastic or other material such as opaque polycarbonate, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (abs), nylon other polymeric material, is introduced into the mold to form the non-light transmissive portion or reflective shield 330. The shield 330 blocks light 340 emitted by the at least one LED 310 in the one direction and, if reflective, redirects the light 340 in another direction.
  • The foregoing is provided for purposes of illustrating, explaining, and describing embodiments of the present invention. Further modifications and adaptations to these embodiments will be apparent to those skilled in the art and may be made without departing from the scope or spirit of the invention.

Claims (19)

1. A lighting assembly comprising:
a light source; and
a lens comprising a light transmissive portion and an optic shield portion for blocking or redirecting at least a portion of light generated by the light source.
2. The lighting assembly of claim 1, wherein the light source comprises at least one light emitting diode.
3. The lighting assembly of claim 2, wherein the light source comprises a plurality of light emitting diodes.
4. The lighting assembly of claim 1, wherein the optic shield portion comprises an opaque material applied to a portion of an outer or inner surface of the lens.
5. The lighting assembly of claim 4, wherein the opaque material is painted onto the portion of the outer or inner surface of the lens.
6. The lighting assembly of claim 4, wherein the opaque material is paint, silicone, epoxy or combinations thereof.
7. The lighting assembly of claim 1, wherein the optic shield portion of the lens comprises a reflective material applied to a portion of an outer or inner surface of the lens.
8. The lighting assembly of claim 7, wherein the reflective material is applied to the portion of the outer surface of the lens and comprises a polymeric material having a metallic finish applied thereto.
9. The lighting assembly of claim 8, wherein the metallic finish is applied to the polymeric material by a vacuum metalizing process.
10. The lighting assembly of claim 7, wherein the reflective material is a reflective paint or a reflective liner.
11. The lighting assembly of claim 1, wherein the optic shield portion is integrally formed with the light transmissive portion of the lens.
12. The lighting assembly of claim 1, wherein the light transmissive portion of the lens is molded with the optic shield portion of the lens.
13. The lighting assembly of claim 1, wherein the optic shield portion is configured to block light emitted by the light source.
14. The lighting assembly of claim 1, wherein the optic shield portion is configured to reflect light emitted by the light source through the light transmissive portion of the lens.
15. A method for forming a lens for a lighting assembly, wherein the lighting assembly comprises the lens and at least one light source and the lens comprises a light transmissive portion and an optic shield portion, the method comprising:
introducing a first thermoplastic material and a second thermoplastic material into a mold; and
thermosetting the first thermoplastic material to form the light transmissive portion and the second thermoplastic material to form the optic shield portion.
16. The method of claim 15, wherein the first thermoplastic material comprises acrylic, polycarbonate or combinations thereof and the second thermoplastic material comprises opaque polycarbonate, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene, nylon or combinations thereof.
17. The method of claim 15, wherein the optic shield portion blocks light emitted from the light source.
18. The method of claim 15, wherein the optic shield portion reflects light emitted from the light source through the light transmissive portion of the lens.
19. A method for forming a lens for a lighting assembly, the lighting assembly comprising the lens and at least one light source, the lens comprising a light transmissive portion and an optic shield portion, the method comprising:
covering the light transmissive portion of the lens so that a portion of the lens is exposed; and
applying an opaque material to the exposed portion to form an optic shield portion on the lens.
US12/868,195 2009-08-25 2010-08-25 Optic shielding Abandoned US20110051413A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US23669309P true 2009-08-25 2009-08-25
US12/868,195 US20110051413A1 (en) 2009-08-25 2010-08-25 Optic shielding

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US12/868,195 US20110051413A1 (en) 2009-08-25 2010-08-25 Optic shielding
US14/153,301 US9341321B2 (en) 2009-08-25 2014-01-13 Lens having light transmissive portion and optic shield portion

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US9400087B2 (en) 2013-03-12 2016-07-26 Abl Ip Holding Llc Externally mounted shield for LED luminaire
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