US20110000655A1 - device for supplying electrical power and cooled air - Google Patents

device for supplying electrical power and cooled air Download PDF

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Publication number
US20110000655A1
US20110000655A1 US12/310,613 US31061307A US2011000655A1 US 20110000655 A1 US20110000655 A1 US 20110000655A1 US 31061307 A US31061307 A US 31061307A US 2011000655 A1 US2011000655 A1 US 2011000655A1
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arranged
equipment
power supply
thermal store
device
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Abandoned
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US12/310,613
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David Coulthurst
Rupert Peter Wolgram
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IT CONSTRUCT Ltd
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IT CONSTRUCT Ltd
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Priority to GB0616930A priority Critical patent/GB0616930D0/en
Priority to GB0616930.4 priority
Application filed by IT CONSTRUCT Ltd filed Critical IT CONSTRUCT Ltd
Priority to PCT/GB2007/003271 priority patent/WO2008025981A1/en
Assigned to IT CONSTRUCT LIMITED reassignment IT CONSTRUCT LIMITED ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: COULTHURST, DAVID
Assigned to IT CONSTRUCT LIMITED reassignment IT CONSTRUCT LIMITED ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: COULTHURST, DAVID, WOLGRAM, RUPERT
Publication of US20110000655A1 publication Critical patent/US20110000655A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F1/00Details not covered by groups G06F3/00 – G06F13/00 and G06F21/00
    • G06F1/16Constructional details or arrangements
    • G06F1/20Cooling means
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F1/00Details not covered by groups G06F3/00 – G06F13/00 and G06F21/00
    • G06F1/26Power supply means, e.g. regulation thereof
    • G06F1/30Means for acting in the event of power-supply failure or interruption, e.g. power-supply fluctuations
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/20Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating
    • H05K7/20709Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating for server racks or cabinets; for data centers, e.g. 19-inch computer racks
    • H05K7/20718Forced ventilation of a gaseous coolant
    • H05K7/20745Forced ventilation of a gaseous coolant within rooms for removing heat from cabinets, e.g. by air conditioning device

Abstract

A device for supplying electrical power and cooled air to equipment comprising an uninterruptible power supply (2) and a cooling system (3). The uninterruptible power supply comprises a battery (4), arranged to supply power to the equipment, and a power supply unit (5), arranged to charge the battery from an external power supply. The cooling system comprises a thermal store (7) and a refrigeration unit (8), arranged to cool the thermal store, powered by the external power supply. The thermal store comprises a material able to absorb heat, such as a mix of water and ethylene glycol. Supplies of both electrical power and cooled air to the equipment can thus be maintained in the event of the temporary interruption of the external power supply.

Description

  • The present invention relates to a device for supplying electrical power and cooled air to equipment. It is particularly suitable for providing electrical power and cooled air to electronic equipment, such as computing equipment.
  • In computer server rooms and data centres, it is necessary to provide adequate supplies of electrical power and cooled air. Continuing advances in technology, particularly in the field of computer servers, ensures that there is an increasing demand for electrical power. This also results in a increasing heat output by computing equipment resulting in a greater need for cooling. Increasing computer power density ensures that both the electrical power and the cooling requirements of a typical computer room are increasing.
  • It is known to provide in a single unit a supply of electrical power and a supply of cooled air. This may take the form of a cabinet in which the computing equipment is placed, incorporating air conditioning units and power supplies. Alternatively, it may take the form of a unit, which is designed to supply electrical power and air conditioning to computing equipment surrounding the unit in a computer room.
  • Typically, it is desirable to provide an uninterruptible power supply (UPS). This is to ensure that should the mains electricity be interrupted, power is maintained to the computing equipment. This protects the computing equipment from loss of data. Additionally, the UPS equipment provides some protection for the computing equipment against power spikes and irregular power supplies from the mains electricity supply. A UPS typically comprises a large battery, or array of batteries, connected to the mains electricity supply. Usually the mains electricity supply will be AC current, which is converted to DC current before being used to charge the battery. The DC output of the battery is then converted to an AC current suitable for supplying power to the computing equipment. While the mains electricity is connected the battery is continuously being charged. Should the mains electricity be temporarily disconnected the battery will supply power to the computing equipment. This allows sufficient time to safely switch off all of the computing equipment. Alternatively, the battery may provide time to start up a generator as an alternative source of electrical power, without affecting the computing equipment.
  • However, a significant problem with conventional uninterruptible power supplies is that there is not normally sufficient battery power to maintain the power to the air conditioning when the mains electricity is interrupted. Consequently, should the mains power be disconnected the air conditioning will stop functioning. The computing equipment will begin to heat up, potentially causing damage. If a generator backup is being used it may take tens of seconds or longer to initialise the generator. During this time, the computing equipment is at risk of damage through over heating.
  • Conventional computing UPS equipment could be designed to provide power to the air conditioning units when the mains electricity supply is interrupted. However, this would require a very much increased size of battery array to store sufficient power. This is both uneconomic, and wasteful of space.
  • It is an aim of embodiments of the present invention to obviate, or mitigate, one or more of the above identified problems. Specifically, it is an aim of embodiments of the present invention to provide a device for supplying electrical power and cooled air to equipment, which is resilient to interruptions in the mains electricity supply.
  • According to a first aspect of the present invention there is provided a device for supplying electrical power and cooled air to equipment, the device comprising: an uninterruptible power supply comprising a battery, arranged to supply power to the equipment, and a power supply unit, arranged to charge the battery from an external power supply; and a cooling system arranged to supply cooled air to the equipment; wherein the cooling system comprises a thermal store and a refrigeration unit arranged to cool the thermal store, and the external power supply is arranged to supply power to the refrigeration unit, such that if the external power supply is interrupted the thermal store will continue to cool the equipment.
  • By providing such a device, in the event of the external power supply being interrupted the battery will continue to supply power, and the cooling system will continue to cool the equipment, as the thermal store will absorb heat from the surroundings.
  • Preferably, the thermal store comprises a heat absorbent material in thermal contact with the external surrounding environment.
  • Preferably, the material comprises a mixture of water and an antifreeze substance.
  • Preferably, the antifreeze substance comprises ethylene glycol.
  • Preferably, the cooling system further comprises: a first conduit forming a closed loop containing a coolant fluid, arranged to be in thermal contact with the thermal store, to cool the coolant fluid; and a heat exchanger arranged to be in thermal contact with a part of the first conduit; wherein the heat exchanger is arranged to transfer heat from the ambient environment to the coolant fluid.
  • Preferably, the cooling system further comprises: a first pump, arranged to pump the coolant fluid within the first conduit; and a fan, arranged to circulate air from outside of the device, such that the circulated air is in thermal contact with the heat exchanger, and back out of the device; wherein the battery is arranged to supply power to the first pump and the fan.
  • Preferably, the cooling system further comprises a second conduit forming a closed loop containing a refrigeration fluid, arranged to be in thermal contact with the thermal store, to cool the thermal store.
  • Preferably, the refrigeration unit is arranged to cool the refrigeration fluid.
  • Preferably, the refrigeration unit comprises a compressor arranged to compress the refrigeration fluid.
  • Preferably, the cooling system further comprises a second pump, arranged to pump the refrigeration fluid within the second conduit, and the external power supply is arranged to supply power to the second pump.
  • Preferably, in use the compressor is arranged to be connected to a condenser outside of the device, for cooling of the compressor.
  • Preferably, the thermal store has a cooling capacity of at least 8 kWh.
  • According to a second aspect of the present invention there is provided a method of supplying electrical power and cooled air to equipment, the method comprising providing at least one device for supplying electrical power and cooled air to equipment, said device comprising: an uninterruptible power supply comprising a battery, arranged to supply power to the equipment, and a power supply unit, arranged to charge the battery from an external power supply; and a cooling system, arranged to supply cooled air to the equipment, comprising a thermal store and a refrigeration unit arranged to cool the thermal store, and the external power supply being arranged to supply power to the refrigeration unit, such that if the external power supply is interrupted the thermal store will continue to cool the equipment.
  • Preferably, the method further comprises the steps of: calculating a number P equal to the power requirement of the equipment, divided by a predetermined amount of power that can be provided by the battery; calculating a number C equal to the excess heat output of the equipment, divided by a predetermined amount of cooling capacity that can be provided by the cooling system; calculating a number N equal to the greater of P and C, rounded up to the next integer; and wherein the number of devices provided is equal to N+X, where X is an integer.
  • X may equal 0. X may equal N. X may equal 1.
  • According to a third aspect of the present invention there is provided a method of supplying electrical power and cooled air to equipment, the method comprising operating a device comprising: an uninterruptible power supply comprising a battery providing power to the equipment, and a power supply unit arranged to charge the battery via an external power supply; and a cooling system providing cooled air to the equipment, comprising a thermal store and a refrigeration unit, the refrigeration unit cooling the thermal store and the refrigeration unit being powered by the external power supply, such that if the external power supply is interrupted the thermal store will continue to cool the equipment.
  • Other aims, and advantages, of embodiments of the present invention will be readily apparent from the following description.
  • Specific embodiments of the present invention will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawing in which FIG. 1 is a schematic representation of a device for supplying electrical power and cooled air to equipment, in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.
  • Referring to FIG. 1, this illustrates a device 1, comprising an uninterruptible power supply 2 and a cooling system 3. The uninterruptible power supply 2 comprises a battery 4, arranged to supply power to the equipment via power cables 24, and a power supply unit 5 arranged to charge the battery 4 from the external power supply 6. The cooling system 3 comprises a thermal store 7 and a refrigeration unit 8, arranged to cool the thermal store 7. The refrigeration unit 8 is powered by the external power supply 6.
  • It is known to use a form of thermal store to provide air conditioning for offices. Such a thermal store comprises a large container filled with water and an anti-freeze substance. The container is normally located in the basement of the building due to the size and weight of the container. A refrigeration unit is used to freeze, or partially freeze, the thermal store. This freezing process is carried out at night when it is cheaper due to lower electricity costs. Additionally, the freezing process is more efficient at night, due to the lower ambient temperature. During the day time, air conditioning ducts pump air conditioning fluid through the thermal store, cooling the fluid down, and in the process melting the thermal store.
  • Due to this requirement for the thermal store to be frozen during the night and re-melted during the day it is necessary to utilise a very large thermal store, typically 5-10 metres long and several metres high and wide. Furthermore, such thermal stores are most efficient when they have a very large volume to surface area ratio. This is because the rate of melting due to external heat sources is reduced with a large volume to surface area ratio.
  • The present inventors have realised that a much reduced size of thermal store has utility in forming part of an uninterruptible cooling system, for supplying cooled air to computing equipment. The thermal store 7 comprises a material able to absorb heat from the ambient environment. Preferably the thermal store 7 is able to absorb a relatively large amount of heat. This may be due to the material having a high specific heat capacity. Alternatively, it may be due to the material absorbing a large amount of latent heat when melting.
  • The latent heat of melting of a material is the amount of energy needed to be absorbed for the material to melt. Water is a suitable material for the thermal store as it has a high latent heat of melting. For water, the specific latent heat of melting is 334,000 Jkg−1, i.e. it takes 334,000 J to melt one kg of ice. Within the thermal store 7, the energy required to melt the ice will be heat energy absorbed from the ambient environment. Thus, the thermal store cools the ambient environment as the ice melts. Energy absorption from the ambient environment through melting of the thermal store will provide the majority of the cooling. However, it will be appreciated that energy will continue to be absorbed from the ambient environment after the thermal store has melted as the material warms to the ambient temperature. Additionally, energy will be absorbed as the ice is heated from its cooled temperature to melting point. However, these processes are less efficient at absorbing heat. Therefore, the primary mechanism for absorbing heat energy from the ambient environment is the thermal store melting without relying on any further change in temperature of the thermal store.
  • The thermal store may consist of a container, containing water and an additional substance. It is convenient to use ethylene glycol as this additional substance. The additional substance (e.g. an antifreeze substance, such as ethylene glycol) is added to the water so as to increase the latent heat of melting for the thermal store, resulting in a more efficient process, and consequently requiring a smaller thermal store.
  • When the external power supply 6 is connected, the refrigeration unit is arranged to continuously cool the thermal store 7. Consequently, a very much smaller thermal store 7 may be used than is required for office air conditioning, where the thermal store is only frozen at night. It is this effect, which makes the use of such a cooling system particularly advantageous in the present invention. Consequently, the device 1 may be produced in a portable, ready assembled form for rapid provision of uninterruptible power and cooled air by a single integral unit.
  • The thermal store 7 may provide cooled air simply by ensuring that the ambient air around the device 1 comes into thermal contact with the thermal store 7. However, this process may be improved by ensuring that the warm air surrounding the device is passed over a heat exchanger connected to the thermal store. FIG. 1 illustrates the cooling system 3 further comprising a first conduit 9 forming a closed loop containing a coolant fluid 10. The first conduit 9 is arranged to be in thermal contact with the thermal store 7. In FIG. 1 this is shown by the first conduit 9 passing through part of the thermal store 7. This transfers heat from the coolant fluid 10 to the thermal store 7. A heat exchanger 11 is arranged to be in thermal contact with the first conduit 9. The heat exchanger 11 may comprise a conventional radiator through which the coolant fluid 10 passes. Alternatively, it may comprise an array of cooling fins formed from a material that conducts heat efficiently. The heat exchanger 11 is arranged to transfer heat from the ambient environment surrounding the device to the coolant fluid 10.
  • It is preferable to pump the coolant fluid 10 through the thermal store 7 to ensure that the heat is transferred efficiently from the ambient environment to the thermal store 7. For this purpose, a first pump 12 is provided which pumps coolant fluid 10 within the first conduit 9. The first pump 12 is preferably powered by the battery 4, ensuring that should the external power supply 6 be interrupted (e.g. fail), the power to the pump 12 is maintained. This allows the coolant fluid 10 to continue to pass through the thermal store 7 maintaining the cooling. The refrigeration unit 8 is preferably powered directly by the external power supply 6. Alternatively, the refrigeration unit 8 may be arranged to be powered by external power supply 6 via the battery 4 only when the external power supply provides power to the battery 4. The result of this is that if the external power supply 6 is interrupted the refrigeration unit 8 ceases refreezing/cooling the thermal store 7. However, during the period during which the external power supply 6 is interrupted the pump 12 continues to run ensuring that the cooled air supply is maintained.
  • A further preferable feature of the cooling system 3 is shown in FIG. 1. Warm air from the ambient environment surrounding the device is drawn into the device via duct 13 by fan 14. Fan 14 is preferably powered by battery 4, such that it continues to operate even when the mains power supply is disconnected. Fan 14 blows warm air from the ambient environment surrounding the device 1 over the heat exchanger 11 and returns the cooled air to the outside of the device via duct 15. This flow of air through the device is schematically illustrated by arrows 16 and 17. Fan 14 may additionally incorporate an air filter 18 to prevent dust being drawn into the device.
  • In order for the refrigeration unit 8 to cool the thermal store 7 a second conduit 19 is provided forming a closed loop. Second conduit 19 contains a refrigeration fluid 20. The refrigeration fluid 20 is arranged to be in thermal contact with the thermal store 7, to cool the thermal store 7. Second conduit 19 passes through the refrigeration unit 8. The refrigeration unit 8 comprises a compressor, arranged to compress the refrigeration fluid 20. The act of compressing the refrigeration fluid 20 cools the refrigeration fluid 20. Therefore, as the second conduit 19 passes through the thermal store 7 heat is transferred from the thermal store 7 to the refrigeration fluid 20. The cooling system 3 further comprises a second pump 21, arranged to pump the refrigeration fluid 20 within the second conduit 19. The second pump 21 is preferably powered by the external power supply 6, as per the refrigeration unit 8.
  • The refrigeration unit 8 is connected to a condenser (not illustrated). Preferably, the condenser is situated away from the device. Conduits 22 and 23 transfer a refrigeration fluid 24 between the refrigeration unit and the condenser. This condenser dissipates heat removed from the ambient environment around the device 1.
  • A device for supplying electrical power and cooled air in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention will typically be provided in a single transportable unit. Such a unit can be assembled away from the operational site and provided in a form capable of commencing operation after a very short set up period.
  • In order to provide electrical power and cooled air to a computer room it may typically be necessary to provide a system comprising a plurality of devices in accordance with the present invention. The number of devices to be provided may be determined as follows:
  • 1) Calculate a number P, where P is equal to the total power requirement of the equipment (e.g. the computer room), divided by the known power that may be provided by the battery of a single device.
    2) Calculate a number C, where C is equal to the total excess heat output of the equipment, divided by the known cooling capacity of the cooling system of a single device.
    3) Calculate a number N, where N is equal to the greater of P and N rounded up to the next integer.
    4) Provide a number of devices equal to N+X.
  • If X=0 then the number of devices will be the minimum necessary to power and cool the computer room. If X=1 then one redundant unit is provided, allowing the system to be tolerant to the failure of a single unit. If X=N then this provides complete redundancy, which may be necessary for mission critical computing applications.
  • The battery will be sized such that in the event of the external power supply being interrupted the UPS will be able to continue to supply electrical power to the equipment for a first predetermined time period. The thermal store will be sized such that the cooling system will be able to continue to cool the equipment for a second predetermined time period, which may be different to the first predetermined time period.
  • Typically, the UPS 2 is designed to be capable of supplying 1 hours battery backup, (i.e. to provide the required power to the equipment for 1 hour) without the need for generator backup. However, it will be readily appreciated by the appropriately skilled person that a device in accordance with the present invention could additionally be supplied with an input for a generator, to provide a second source of electrical power. Further, it will be readily appreciated that the generator may be used to power to cooling system 3, such that the supply of cooled air is maintained. Alternatively, a separate backup cooling system may be provided.
  • The size of thermal store needed to cool the ambient environment for one hour during an interruption in the external power supply may be calculated as follows.
  • Firstly, for convenience it is assumed that the primary mechanism whereby the thermal store absorbs energy from the ambient environment, (thus cooling the ambient environment), is through the latent heat of melting of the thermal store. Additionally, for convenience, the latent heat of melting of water will be used. It will be appreciated that in practice an additional substance would preferably be added to the water, increasing the latent heat of melting, and resulting in a smaller thermal store being required. However, the precise additional substance used may vary.
  • The likely heat output of the computing equipment to be cooled is established. A computer room powered and cooled by a device in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention may typically consume 9 kW of electrical power. This electrical power is predominantly converted into heat energy. Therefore, for the purposes of these calculations 9 kW will be assumed to be the required cooling capacity per unit time of the device. It will be appreciated, however, that embodiments of the present invention may be constructed with thermal stores in a range of sizes depending upon the application for which they are required.
  • The energy transferred from a material on melting, E (I) may be calculated as follows:

  • E=L*M
  • where L is the latent heat of melting of the material (J.kg−1) and M is the mass of material (kg).
  • Energy transferred E may be expressed as:

  • E=P*t
  • where P is the power required by the material melting (W) and t is time (s).
  • Therefore:

  • M=P*t/L
  • The latent heat of melting for water is 334,000 J.kg−1. Based on a required cooling capacity of 9 kW for one hour of cooling, the required mass of ice can be calculated as follows:

  • M=9,000*3600/334,000=97 kg
  • However, these calculations do not take account of the absorption of heat through the walls of the thermal store (i.e. from the ambient environment, rather than the computing equipment). This can deplete the ability of the thermal store to provide the desired amount of heat energy absorption. The degree of heat loss is dependent upon the surface area of the thermal store, the temperature difference between the ice and the ambient environment and the resistivity of any insulation surrounding the thermal store. An insulator with a low thermal conductivity should be used to minimise any losses through the walls of the thermal store.
  • The rate of heat loss PL (W) from the thermal store may be expressed as:

  • P L =A*T/(R S +R I)
  • where A is the surface area of the block of ice (m2), T is the temperature difference between ambient temperature and the thermal store (° C.), RS is the thermal resistance of the surface of the block of ice and RI is the thermal resistance of the insulator.
  • For a cube of 97 kg of water the surface area is approximately 1.26 m2. The temperature difference between a typical computer room environment and the block of ice at 0° C. will be approximately 22° C.
  • The thermal resistance of the surface of the block of ice is typically 0.304 m2° C./W. The thermal resistance of the insulator may be calculated as follows:

  • R I =D/K=0.025/0.02=1.25 m2° C./W
  • where D is the thickness of the insulator (m), which is typically 25 mm, and K is the thermal conductivity of the insulator (W/(m.° C.)), which for an insulator is typically 0.02 W/(m.° C.).
  • Therefore the rate of heat loss PL, from the thermal store is equal to:

  • P L=1.26*22/(0.304+1.25)=22.8 W.
  • Over a 24 hour time period t, assuming no refreezing of the thermal store, the amount of additional water need to compensate for this heat loss may be calculated as follows:

  • M=P*t/L=22.8*24*3600/334,000=6 kg
  • Therefore, it is desirable to allow an extra 6 kg of water/ice, i.e.103 kg to allow for extended periods during which the thermal store is not refrozen, and still provide a sufficient amount of heat absorption capacity to cope with an interruption in the external power supply for 1 hour. However, more commonly, except during an interruption in the external power supply, the thermal store will be continually refrozen.
  • It will be readily appreciated by the appropriately skilled person that the supply of cooled air from the device may be connected to appropriate ducting within a computer room or data centre environment to supply the cooled air to the point at which it is needed. Such ducting may include passing the cooled air underneath a plenum floor such that the cooled air is passed up through racks of computer equipment.
  • It will be readily apparent to the appropriately skilled person that it may be necessary to provide additionally switch gear equipment so that the uninterruptible power supply from the battery may be connected to a range of equipment at the correct voltage. Additionally, it will be readily apparent to the appropriately skilled person that it may be necessary to convert the electrical power supply from the battery to provide an AC current source.
  • The present invention has been primarily described as supplying electrical power and cooled air to electronic, and specifically computing equipment. It will be readily apparent to the appropriately skilled person that embodiments of the present invention may be utilised to provide uninterruptible electrical power and cooled air supplies to any form of equipment.
  • Further modifications, and applications, of the present invention will be readily apparent to the appropriately skilled person, without departing from the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (25)

1. A device for supplying electrical power and cooled air to equipment, the device comprising:
an uninterruptible power supply comprising a battery, arranged to supply power to the equipment, and a power supply unit, arranged to charge the battery from an external power supply; and
a cooling system arranged to supply cooled air to the equipment;
wherein the cooling system comprises a thermal store and a refrigeration unit arranged to cool the thermal store, and the external power supply is arranged to supply power to the refrigeration unit, such that if the external power supply is interrupted the thermal store will continue to cool the equipment.
2. The device according to claim 1, wherein the thermal store comprises a heat absorbent material in thermal contact with the external surrounding environment.
3. The device according to claim 2, wherein the material comprises a mixture of water and an antifreeze substance.
4. The device according to claim 3, wherein the antifreeze substance comprises ethylene glycol.
5. The device according to claim 1, wherein the cooling system further comprises:
a first conduit forming a closed loop containing a coolant fluid, arranged to be in thermal contact with the thermal store, to cool the coolant fluid; and
a heat exchanger arranged to be in thermal contact with a part of the first conduit;
wherein the heat exchanger is arranged to transfer heat from the ambient environment to the coolant fluid.
6. The device according to claim 5, wherein the cooling system further comprises:
a first pump, arranged to pump the coolant fluid within the first conduit; and
a fan, arranged to circulate air from outside of the device, such that the circulated air is in thermal contact with the heat exchanger, and back out of the device;
wherein the battery is arranged to supply power to the first pump and the fan.
7. The device according to claim 6, wherein the cooling system further comprises a second conduit forming a closed loop containing a refrigeration fluid, arranged to be in thermal contact with the thermal store, to cool the thermal store.
8. The device according to claim 7, wherein the refrigeration unit is arranged to cool the refrigeration fluid.
9. The device according to claim 8, wherein the refrigeration unit comprises a compressor arranged to compress the refrigeration fluid.
10. The device according to claim 7, wherein the cooling system further comprises a second pump, arranged to pump the refrigeration fluid within the second conduit, and the external power supply is arranged to supply power to the second pump.
11. The device according to claim 9, wherein in use the compressor is arranged to be connected to a condenser outside of the device, for cooling the compressor.
12. (canceled)
13. A method of supplying electrical power and cooled air to equipment, the method comprising providing at least one device for supplying electrical power and cooled air to equipment, said device comprising:
an uninterruptible power supply comprising a battery, arranged to supply power to the equipment, and a power supply unit, arranged to charge the battery from an external power supply; and
a cooling system, arranged to supply cooled air to the equipment, comprising a thermal store and a refrigeration unit arranged to cool the thermal store, and the external power supply being arranged to supply power to the refrigeration unit, such that if the external power supply is interrupted the thermal store will continue to cool the equipment.
14. The method according to claim 13, further comprising the steps of:
a) calculating a number P equal to the power requirement of the equipment, divided by a predetermined amount of power that can be provided by the battery;
b) calculating a number C equal to the heat output of the equipment, divided by a predetermined amount of cooling capacity that can be provided by the cooling system;
c) calculating a number N equal to the greater of P and C, rounded up to the next integer; and
d) wherein the number of devices provided is equal to N+X, where X is an integer.
15. The method according to claim 14, wherein X equals one of 0, N and 1.
16. (canceled)
17. (canceled)
18. A method of supplying electrical power and cooled air to equipment, the method comprising operating a device comprising:
an uninterruptible power supply comprising a battery providing power to the equipment, and a power supply unit arranged to charge the battery via an external power supply; and
a cooling system providing cooled air to the equipment, comprising a thermal store and a refrigeration unit, the refrigeration unit cooling the thermal store and the refrigeration unit being powered by the external power supply, such that if the external power supply is interrupted the thermal store will continue to cool the equipment.
19. (canceled)
20. (canceled)
21. The device according to claim 10, wherein the refrigeration unit is arranged to cool the refrigeration fluid.
22. The device according to claim 21, wherein the refrigeration unit comprises a compressor arranged to compress the refrigeration fluid.
23. The device according to claim 22, wherein in use the compressor is arranged to be connected to a condenser outside of the device, for cooling the compressor.
24. The device according to claim 5, wherein the cooling system further comprises a second conduit forming a closed loop containing a refrigeration fluid, arranged to be in thermal contact with the thermal store, to cool the thermal store.
25. The device according to claim 24, wherein the refrigeration unit is arranged to cool the refrigeration fluid and comprises a compressor arranged to compress the refrigeration fluid.
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GB0616930A GB0616930D0 (en) 2006-08-29 2006-08-29 A device for supplying electrical power and cooled air
GB0616930.4 2006-08-29
PCT/GB2007/003271 WO2008025981A1 (en) 2006-08-29 2007-08-29 A device for supplying electrical power and cooled air

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