US20100316056A1 - Techniques for routing data between network areas - Google Patents

Techniques for routing data between network areas Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20100316056A1
US20100316056A1 US12/483,690 US48369009A US2010316056A1 US 20100316056 A1 US20100316056 A1 US 20100316056A1 US 48369009 A US48369009 A US 48369009A US 2010316056 A1 US2010316056 A1 US 2010316056A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
network
data
associated
areas
plurality
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12/483,690
Inventor
Paul Unbehagen
Roger Lapuh
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
RPX Clearinghouse LLC
Original Assignee
Nortel Networks Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nortel Networks Ltd filed Critical Nortel Networks Ltd
Priority to US12/483,690 priority Critical patent/US20100316056A1/en
Assigned to NORTEL NETWORKS LIMITED reassignment NORTEL NETWORKS LIMITED ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: UNBEHAGEN, PAUL, LAPUH, ROGER
Publication of US20100316056A1 publication Critical patent/US20100316056A1/en
Assigned to Rockstar Bidco, LP reassignment Rockstar Bidco, LP ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: NORTEL NETWORKS LIMITED
Assigned to ROCKSTAR CONSORTIUM US LP reassignment ROCKSTAR CONSORTIUM US LP ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: Rockstar Bidco, LP
Assigned to RPX CLEARINGHOUSE LLC reassignment RPX CLEARINGHOUSE LLC ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: BOCKSTAR TECHNOLOGIES LLC, CONSTELLATION TECHNOLOGIES LLC, MOBILESTAR TECHNOLOGIES LLC, NETSTAR TECHNOLOGIES LLC, ROCKSTAR CONSORTIUM LLC, ROCKSTAR CONSORTIUM US LP
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L12/00Data switching networks
    • H04L12/28Data switching networks characterised by path configuration, e.g. local area networks [LAN], wide area networks [WAN]
    • H04L12/46Interconnection of networks
    • H04L12/4604LAN interconnection over a backbone network, e.g. Internet, Frame Relay
    • H04L12/462LAN interconnection over a bridge based backbone
    • H04L12/4625Single bridge functionality, e.g. connection of two networks over a single bridge
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L12/00Data switching networks
    • H04L12/28Data switching networks characterised by path configuration, e.g. local area networks [LAN], wide area networks [WAN]
    • H04L12/46Interconnection of networks
    • H04L12/4633Interconnection of networks using encapsulation techniques, e.g. tunneling
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L45/00Routing or path finding of packets in data switching networks
    • H04L45/04Interdomain routing, e.g. hierarchical routing
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L45/00Routing or path finding of packets in data switching networks
    • H04L45/66Layer 2 routing, e.g. in Ethernet based MAN's

Abstract

Techniques for routing data between network area are disclosed, In one particular exemplary embodiment, the techniques may be realized as a method for routing data between layer 2 network areas of backbone bridges comprising the steps of receiving data at a network element containing an internally terminated Network to Network Interface (NNI) for a plurality of network areas, identifying a destination address associated with the data, determining a network area of the plurality of network areas associated with the data, and performing one or more data flow treatments associated with the data using the internally terminated Network to Network Interface (NNI).

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This patent application is related to U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/899,118, filed Sep. 4, 2007, which is hereby incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.
  • FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE
  • The present disclosure relates generally to network communications and, more particularly, to techniques for routing data between network areas.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE DISCLOSURE
  • Networks may be logically subdivided into Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), Virtual Local Area Networks (VLANs), or another logical subnets, network areas, or domains. For example, a VLAN may be further logically subdivided by a user into a plurality of user VLANs or VPNs. Provider Backbone Bridging (PBB) and/or Provider Link State Bridging (PLSB) may be used to separate an enterprise domain from one or more user domains by using an additional MAC (Media Access Control) address header in an Ethernet Frame. PLSB may enable the use of a link state protocol to improve the sharing of layer 2 information. However, layer 2 VPNs may terminate on a User Network Interface (UNI) port. Routing among these user VPNs may require actual port to port connections. Establishing such port to port connections may require connecting UNI ports of a VPN to an external router. Such routing may be difficult to increase in scale and manage as the number of user VPNs increases.
  • In another approach to provide routing connectivity between user VPNs, an external routing function may process translation between a layer 2 VPN and a PLSB layer 2 VPN. This approach may also require an additional connection to an external router to handle translation between a layer 2 VPN and a PLSB layer 2 VPN for multiple layer 2 PLSB VPNs terminating on a VLAN UNI port. Thus, this approach may also require external routing and may add additional overhead and complexity.
  • In view of the foregoing, it may be understood that there may be significant problems and shortcomings associated with current technologies for routing data between network areas.
  • SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE
  • Techniques for routing data between network area are disclosed. In one particular exemplary embodiment, the techniques may be realized as a method for routing data between layer 2 network areas of backbone bridges comprising the steps of receiving data at a network element containing an internally terminated Network to Network Interface (NNI) for a plurality of network areas, identifying a destination address associated with the data, determining a network area of the plurality of network areas associated with the data, and performing one or more data flow treatments associated with the data using the internally terminated Network to Network Interface (NNI).
  • In accordance with other aspects of this particular exemplary embodiment, performing one or more data flow treatments associated with the data may comprise routing the data to the determined network area.
  • In accordance with further aspects of this particular exemplary embodiment, performing one or more data flow treatments associated with the data may comprise at least one of: network traffic policing; firewall functionality; network traffic metering; and network intrusion detection.
  • In accordance with additional aspects of this particular exemplary embodiment, the network areas may comprise Virtual Private Networks (VPNs).
  • In accordance with further aspects of this particular exemplary embodiment, the network areas may comprise Virtual Local Area Networks (VLANs).
  • In accordance with further aspects of this particular exemplary embodiment, the Virtual Local Area Networks may be associated with a Service Instance VLAN ID (I-SID).
  • In accordance with further aspects of this particular exemplary embodiment, the network element may be associated with a plurality of Service Instance VLAN IDs and performing one or more data flow treatments utilizes at least one of the plurality of Service Instance VLAN IDs.
  • In accordance with further aspects of this particular exemplary embodiment, the destination address may comprise a backbone Media Access Control (B-MAC) address.
  • In accordance with further aspects of this particular exemplary embodiment, determining the network area associated with the data may comprise using a Service Instance VLAN ID (I-SID) associated with the data to determine the network area.
  • In accordance with further aspects of this particular exemplary embodiment, the techniques may be realized as at least one processor readable storage medium for storing a computer program of instructions configured to be readable by at least one processor for instructing the at least one processor to execute a computer process for performing the method.
  • In another particular exemplary embodiment, the techniques may be realized as an article of manufacture for routing data between layer 2 network areas of backbone bridges, the article of manufacture comprising at least one processor readable storage medium, and instructions stored on the at least one storage medium, wherein the instructions are configured to be readable from the at least one storage medium by at least one processor and thereby cause the at least one processor to operate so as to receive data at a network element containing an internally terminated Network to Network Interface (NNI) for a plurality of network areas, identify a destination address associated with the data, determine a network area of the plurality of network areas associated with the data, and perform one or more data flow treatments associated with the data using the internally terminated Network to Network Interface (NNI).
  • In yet another particular exemplary embodiment, the techniques may be realized as a system for routing data between network areas comprising one or more processors communicatively coupled to a network element, wherein the network element is configured to receive data at a network element containing an internally terminated Network to Network Interface (NNI) for a plurality of network areas, identify a destination address associated with the data, determine a network area of the plurality of network areas associated with the data, and perform one or more data flow treatments associated with the data using the internally terminated Network to Network Interface (NNI).
  • In accordance with further aspects of this particular exemplary embodiment, performing one or more data flow treatments associated with the data may comprise routing the data to the determined network area.
  • In accordance with further aspects of this particular exemplary embodiment, performing one or more data flow treatments associated with the data may comprise at least one of: network traffic policing, firewall functionality, network traffic metering, and network intrusion detection.
  • In accordance with further aspects of this particular exemplary embodiment, the network areas may comprise Virtual Private Networks (VPNs).
  • In accordance with further aspects of this particular exemplary embodiment, the network areas may comprise Virtual Local Area Networks (VLANs).
  • In accordance with further aspects of this particular exemplary embodiment, the Virtual Local Area Networks may be associated with a Service Instance VLAN ID (I-SID).
  • In accordance with further aspects of this particular exemplary embodiment, the network element may be associated with a plurality of Service Instance VLAN IDs and performing one or more data flow treatments utilizes at least one of the plurality of Service Instance VLAN IDs.
  • In accordance with further aspects of this particular exemplary embodiment, the destination address may comprise a backbone Media Access Control (B-MAC) address.
  • In accordance with further aspects of this particular exemplary embodiment, determining the network area associated with the data may comprise the network element using a Service Instance VLAN ID (I-SID) associated with the data to determine the network area.
  • The present disclosure will now be described in more detail with reference to exemplary embodiments thereof as shown in the accompanying drawings. While the present disclosure is described below with reference to exemplary embodiments, it should be understood that the present disclosure is not limited thereto. Those of ordinary skill in the art having access to the teachings herein will recognize additional implementations, modifications, and embodiments, as well as other fields of use, which are within the scope of the present disclosure as described herein, and with respect to which the present disclosure may be of significant utility.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • In order to facilitate a fuller understanding of the present disclosure, reference is now made to the accompanying drawings, in which like elements are referenced with like numerals. These drawings should not be construed as limiting the present disclosure, but are intended to be exemplary only.
  • FIG. 1 shows a system for routing data between network areas in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure.
  • FIG. 2 shows a system for routing data between network areas in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure.
  • FIG. 3 depicts a method for routing data between network areas in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENTS
  • Referring to FIG. 1, there is shown a system 100 for routing data between network areas in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure. FIG. 1 is a simplified view of system 100, which may include additional elements that are not depicted. In system 100, network elements 108, 110, 112, 114, 116, 118, 120, and 122 may be communicatively coupled as part of network 106. Network 106 may be logically subdivided. For example, network 106 may be an IPv4 based network which may be subnetted into one or more areas or domains, such as network areas 102 and 104. Each of the network elements 108, 110, 112, 114, 116, 118, 120, and 122 may be communicatively coupled to one or more of the network areas 102 and 104. One or more of the network elements 108, 110, 112, 114, 116, 118, 120, and 122 may also be communicatively coupled to additional network areas (not shown). As illustrated, network elements 110, 112, and 114 may be communicatively coupled to network area 102. Network elements 118, 120, and 122 may be communicatively coupled to network area 104. Network elements 108 and 116 may be communicatively coupled to both network areas 102 and 104.
  • Network 106 may be a Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN) Backbone VLAN (BVLAN), or another logical network structure that permits communication between network elements 108, 110, 112, 114, 116, 118, 120, and 122, and other devices communicatively coupled to network 106. According to one or more embodiments, network 106 may be a network service provider VLAN implemented using Provider Link State Bridging (PLSB) or IEEE 802.1aq. Network 106 may be implemented logically on top of IEEE 802.1ah or Provider Backbone Bridges (PEB). The Provider Backbone Bridges may implement MAC-in-MAC or use an additional Media Access Control (MAC) address in an Ethernet frame for provider core backbone routing (e.g., a Backbone MAC address or B-MAC address may be used to encapsulate a customer MAC Ethernet Frame). An additional Ethernet header may contain source and destination backbone addresses, a virtual LAN identifier (BVLAN), and a 24 bit service instance VLAN ID (I-SID). Network 106 may implement a link state routing protocol, such as, for example, the standard Intermediate System to Intermediate System (IS-IS) routing protocol, to learn and distribute network information, such as B-MAC addresses and I-SID values.
  • Network Areas 102 and 104 may be logical subdivisions of network 106, such as VLANs or VPNs. Network areas may be associated with a 24 bit service instance VLAN ID (I-SID). In one or more embodiments, network areas 102 and 104 may be customer VLANs. Although two network areas are shown, it may be appreciated that a user may implement many more network areas, such as additional VLANs.
  • Network elements 108, 110, 112, 114, 116, 118, 120, and 122 may be routers, switches, or other devices communicatively coupled to network 106. Network elements 108, 110, 112, 114, 116, 118, 120, and 122 may be connected with networked resources such as servers, databases, and/or networked storage. Network elements 108, 110, 112, 114, 116, 118, 120, and 122 may be network edge equipment, such as provider edge equipment, which may provide connectivity to one or more end users.
  • As mentioned above, in one or more embodiments, some of the network elements 108, 110, 112, 114, 116, 118, 120, and 122 may be associated with a plurality of network areas, such as network areas 102 and 104. For example, network element 116 and/or network element 108 may be associated with network area 102 and network area 104. These network areas may be associated with a specific 24 bit service instance VLAN ID (I-SID). For example, network area 102 may be associated with I-SID 102 and network area 104 may be associated with I-SID 104. For example, in response to a request from a user connected via network element 120, a server associated with network element 110 may return a reply. A network element, such as network element 108, may receive data sent from network element 110.
  • According to one or more embodiments, routing may be performed by a routing function executed on a PLSB NNI (Network to Network Interface) interface. The NNI may be an interface between network area 102 and network area 104 and may be implemented on network element 108. The routing function may identify a 24 bit service instance VLAN ID (I-SID) in an Ethernet Frame and may identify network area 104 as being associated with the I-SID. Thus, network element 108 may route the portion of data it receives from network element 110 to network element 120 via network area 104.
  • Network element 108 may perform alternative and/or additional functions such as data flow treatments, such as one or more data flow treatments performed at layers 4 through 7 of the standard OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) model. For example, network element 108 may perform network traffic policing, firewall functionality, network traffic metering, and network intrusion detection. The routing functionality may support upper level protocols, including, but not limited to: ARP (Address Resolution Protocol), RIP (Routing Information Protocol), OSPF (Open Shortest Path First), and BGP (Border Gateway Protocol).
  • Referring to FIG. 2, there is shown a system 200 for routing data between network areas in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure. FIG. 2 is a simplified view of system 200, which may include additional elements that are not depicted. In system 200, elements of system 100 are incorporated and contain identical numbering.
  • Computers 202, 204, 206, and/or 208 may be desktop computers, laptop computers, servers, databases, hosts, or other computers communicatively coupled with network elements associated with network 106. As shown, computers 202 and 206 may be associated with network area 102, which may be identified by I-SID 102. Computers 204 and 208 may be associated with network area 104 which may be identified by I-SID 104. Data received at a network element may be examined to determine whether the data, such as an incoming Ethernet frame, needs to be bridged or routed.
  • According to some embodiments, routing may be performed by a routing function executed on an internally terminated PLSB Network to Network Interface (NNI) between two network areas. For example, network element 116 may contain a virtual routing instance 210 which utilizes an NNI between two network areas. The NNI between network area 102 and network area 104 may be associated with network element 116 and may support a routing instance that may perform one or more data flow treatments. For example, data received by network element 116 from computer 202 may be examined to determine a destination MAC address. If the destination MAC address is associated with computer 206, then network element 116 may determine that computer 206 is associated with the same network area (i.e., network area 102 which is identified by I-SID 102). Network element 116 may then bridge the data to network element 114. Network element 116 may be capable of bridging or routing data whether it is received from a network area of network 106 or from a device communicatively coupled to a User Network Interface (UNI) port (e.g., network element 116 may handle data that contains a single MAC address header per frame or data that is MACinMac encapsulated.)
  • If the destination MAC address is associated with an NNI of network element 116, network element 116 may determine the traffic is to be routed to network area 104 which is identified by I-SID 104. Network element 116 may then utilize a virtual routing instance 210 on the NNI between the two network areas to perform one or more data flow treatments, such as data flow treatments performed at layers 4 through 7 of the standard OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) model. For example, network element 116 may route the data to network area 104. Network element 116 may also perform other actions such as, for example, network traffic policing, firewall functionality, network traffic metering, and network intrusion detection. The routing functionality may support upper level protocols, including, but not limited to: ARP (Address Resolution Protocol), RIP (Routing Information Protocol), OSPF (Open Shortest Path First), and BGP (Border Gateway Protocol).
  • Referring to FIG. 3, there is shown a method 300 for routing data between network areas in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure. At block 302, the method may begin.
  • At block 304, the method 300 may include identifying a plurality of segmented network areas reachable from a network node. For example, a plurality of VPNs or VLANs may be identified. According to one or more embodiments, network elements, such as routers on a network implementing method 300 may utilize Provider Link State Bridging (PLSB) or IEEE 802.1aq. The method 300 may implement a link state routing protocol, such as Intermediate System to Intermediate System (IS-IS) routing protocol, to learn and distribute network information, such as B-MAC addresses and I-SID values. Network elements, such as routers and switches, may use network information received from the IS-IS routing protocol to identify a plurality of network areas, such as VLANs associated with I-SID values.
  • At block 306, the method 300 may include receiving network traffic at a network element. For example, network element 116 may receive data from computer 206 associated with a network area, such as a VLAN or more particularly a Customer VLAN.
  • At block 308, the method 300 may include identifying a segmented network area associated with a Customer MAC (CMAC) address of the received network traffic. The customer MAC address may be associated with a network area such as a VLAN.
  • At block 310, the method 300 may determine whether the destination network area is the same as the current network area. For example, if the CMAC is the MAC address of the current node (e.g., network element 116), then an internal logical routing interface using an internally terminated NNI, such as virtual routing instance 210, may determine if the CMAC of the network traffic is destined to the router NNI. If so the network traffic may be routed at block 314. If the CMAC of the network traffic is not a MAC address associated with the NNI, the network traffic may be bridged at block 312. Other data flow treatments may be performed in place of routing or in addition to routing. For example, the routing of traffic may be denied by a firewall. The routing functionality may support upper level protocols, including, but not limited to: ARP (Address Resolution Protocol), RIP (Routing Information Protocol), OSPF (Open Shortest Path First), and BGP (Border Gateway Protocol). According to one or more embodiments, routing and/or other data flow treatments may be performed on a PLSB NNI interface between two network areas, such as VLANs.
  • At block 312, the method may end.
  • At this point it should be noted that routing between logical network subnets in accordance with the present disclosure as described above typically involves the processing of input data and the generation of output data to some extent. This input data processing and output data generation may be implemented in hardware or software. For example, specific electronic components may be employed in a router or similar or related circuitry for implementing the functions associated with data flow control between network areas in accordance with the present disclosure as described above. Alternatively, one or more processors operating in accordance with instructions may implement the functions associated with data flow control between network areas in accordance with the present disclosure as described above. If such is the case, it is within the scope of the present disclosure that such instructions may be stored on one or more processor readable media (e.g., a magnetic disk or other storage medium), or transmitted to one or more processors via one or more signals embodied in one or more carrier waves.
  • The present disclosure is not to be limited in scope by the specific embodiments described herein. Indeed, other various embodiments of and modifications to the present disclosure, in addition to those described herein, will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art from the foregoing description and accompanying drawings. Thus, such other embodiments and modifications are intended to fall within the scope of the present disclosure. Further, although the present disclosure has been described herein in the context of a particular implementation in a particular environment for a particular purpose, those of ordinary skill in the art will recognize that its usefulness is not limited thereto and that the present disclosure may be beneficially implemented in any number of environments for any number of purposes. Accordingly, the claims set forth below should be construed in view of the full breadth and spirit of the present disclosure as described herein.

Claims (20)

1. A method for routing data between layer 2 network areas of backbone bridges comprising the steps of:
receiving data at a network element containing an internally terminated Network to Network Interface (NNI) for a plurality of network areas;
identifying a destination address associated with the data;
determining a network area of the plurality of network areas associated with the data; and
performing one or more data flow treatments associated with the data using the internally terminated Network to Network Interface (NNI).
2. The method of claim 1, wherein performing one or more data flow treatments associated with the data comprises routing the data to the determined network area.
3. The method of claim 1, wherein performing one or more data flow treatments associated with the data comprises at least one of: network traffic policing; firewall functionality; network traffic metering; and network intrusion detection.
4. The method of claim 1, wherein the network areas comprise Virtual Private Networks (VPNs).
5. The method of claim 1, wherein the network areas comprise Virtual Local Area Networks (VLANs).
6. The method of claim 5, wherein the Virtual Local Area Networks are associated with a Service Instance VLAN ID (I-SID).
7. The method of claim 6, wherein the network element is associated with a plurality of Service Instance VLAN IDs and performing one or more data flow treatments utilizes at least one of the plurality of Service Instance VLAN IDs.
8. The method of claim 1, wherein the destination address comprises a backbone Media Access Control (B-MAC) address.
9. The method of claim 1, wherein determining the network area associated with the data comprises using a Service Instance VLAN ID (I-SID) associated with the data to determine the network area.
10. At least one processor readable storage medium for storing a computer program of instructions configured to be readable by at least one processor for instructing the at least one processor to execute a computer process for performing the method as recited in claim 1.
11. An article of manufacture for routing data between layer 2 network areas of backbone bridges, the article of manufacture comprising:
at least one processor readable storage medium; and
instructions stored on the at least one storage medium;
wherein the instructions are configured to be readable from the at least one storage medium by at least one processor and thereby cause the at least one processor to operate so as to:
receive data at a network element containing an internally terminated Network to Network Interface (NNI) for a plurality of network areas;
identify a destination address associated with the data;
determine a network area of the plurality of network areas associated with the data; and
perform one or more data flow treatments associated with the data using the internally terminated Network to Network Interface (NNI).
12. A system for routing data between network areas comprising:
one or more processors communicatively coupled to a network element; wherein the network element is configured to:
receive data at a network element containing an internally terminated Network to Network Interface (NNI) for a plurality of network areas;
identify a destination address associated with the data;
determine a network area of the plurality of network areas associated with the data; and
perform one or more data flow treatments associated with the data using the internally terminated Network to Network Interface (NNI).
13. The system of claim 12, wherein performing one or more data flow treatments associated with the data comprises routing the data to the determined network area.
14. The system of claim 12, wherein performing one or more data flow treatments associated with the data comprises at least one of: network traffic policing; firewall functionality; network traffic metering; and network intrusion detection.
15. The system of claim 12, wherein the network areas comprise Virtual Private Networks (VPNs).
16. The system of claim 12, wherein the network areas comprise Virtual Local Area Networks (VLANs).
17. The system of claim 16, wherein the Virtual Local Area Networks are associated with a Service Instance VLAN ID (I-SID).
18. The system of claim 17, wherein the network element is associated with a plurality of Service Instance VLAN IDs and performing one or more data flow treatments utilizes at least one of the plurality of Service Instance VLAN IDs.
19. The system of claim 12, wherein the destination address comprises a backbone Media Access Control (B-MAC) address.
20. The system of claim 12, wherein determining the network area associated with the data comprises the network element using a Service Instance VLAN ID (I-SID) associated with the data to determine the network area.
US12/483,690 2009-06-12 2009-06-12 Techniques for routing data between network areas Abandoned US20100316056A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US12/483,690 US20100316056A1 (en) 2009-06-12 2009-06-12 Techniques for routing data between network areas

Applications Claiming Priority (10)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US12/483,690 US20100316056A1 (en) 2009-06-12 2009-06-12 Techniques for routing data between network areas
BR112012000198A BR112012000198A2 (en) 2009-06-12 2010-06-08 techniques for routing data between network areas.
PCT/US2010/037733 WO2010144418A1 (en) 2009-06-12 2010-06-08 Techniques for routing data between network areas
CA 2764632 CA2764632A1 (en) 2009-06-12 2010-06-08 Techniques for routing data between network areas
CN2010800257928A CN102484604A (en) 2009-06-12 2010-06-08 Techniques for routing data between network areas
JP2012515053A JP2012529855A (en) 2009-06-12 2010-06-08 Techniques for routing data between network area
KR1020127000777A KR20120060810A (en) 2009-06-12 2010-06-08 Techniques for routing data between network areas
RU2011153500/08A RU2544766C2 (en) 2009-06-12 2010-06-08 Method, device and system for routing data between network segments
EP10786672.5A EP2441214A4 (en) 2009-06-12 2010-06-08 Techniques for routing data between network areas
US13/451,776 US9001829B2 (en) 2007-09-04 2012-04-20 Techniques for routing data between network areas

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US13/451,776 Continuation US9001829B2 (en) 2006-12-14 2012-04-20 Techniques for routing data between network areas

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20100316056A1 true US20100316056A1 (en) 2010-12-16

Family

ID=43306400

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US12/483,690 Abandoned US20100316056A1 (en) 2009-06-12 2009-06-12 Techniques for routing data between network areas
US13/451,776 Expired - Fee Related US9001829B2 (en) 2006-12-14 2012-04-20 Techniques for routing data between network areas

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US13/451,776 Expired - Fee Related US9001829B2 (en) 2006-12-14 2012-04-20 Techniques for routing data between network areas

Country Status (9)

Country Link
US (2) US20100316056A1 (en)
EP (1) EP2441214A4 (en)
JP (1) JP2012529855A (en)
KR (1) KR20120060810A (en)
CN (1) CN102484604A (en)
BR (1) BR112012000198A2 (en)
CA (1) CA2764632A1 (en)
RU (1) RU2544766C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2010144418A1 (en)

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20120243539A1 (en) * 2011-03-21 2012-09-27 Avaya Inc. Usage of masked ethernet addresses between transparent interconnect of lots of links (trill) routing bridges
US20120243544A1 (en) * 2011-03-21 2012-09-27 Avaya Inc. Usage of masked bmac addresses in a provider backbone bridged (pbb) network
US20130259050A1 (en) * 2010-11-30 2013-10-03 Donald E. Eastlake, III Systems and methods for multi-level switching of data frames
US20140064093A1 (en) * 2012-08-29 2014-03-06 International Business Machines Corporation Hashing-based routing table management
US8693327B2 (en) 2011-05-03 2014-04-08 Novell, Inc. Techniques for privileged network routing
US20140211806A1 (en) * 2012-08-29 2014-07-31 International Business Machines Corporation Sliced routing table management with replication
CN104471899A (en) * 2012-05-10 2015-03-25 瑞典爱立信有限公司 802.1AQ support over IETF EVPN
US9246800B1 (en) * 2010-01-25 2016-01-26 Juniper Networks, Inc. Interface for extending service capabilities of a network device
US20160028683A1 (en) * 2013-03-29 2016-01-28 Cisco Technology, Inc. Using a Virtual Internet Protocol Address to Represent Dually Connected Hosts in an Internet Protocol Overlay Network
US9954765B2 (en) 2016-01-08 2018-04-24 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Graph construction for computed spring multicast
US10164907B2 (en) 2015-11-25 2018-12-25 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Method and system for completing loosely specified MDTs

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20160330074A1 (en) * 2014-04-03 2016-11-10 Centurylink Intellectual Property Llc System and Method for Implementing Isolated Service Overlays Between Provider Network Service Point and Customer Premises

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5917820A (en) * 1996-06-10 1999-06-29 Cisco Technology, Inc. Efficient packet forwarding arrangement for routing packets in an internetwork
US20020067731A1 (en) * 2000-12-01 2002-06-06 Allen Houston Dynamic data tunnelling
US20040042454A1 (en) * 2002-08-27 2004-03-04 Attaullah Zabihi Stackable virtual local area network provisioning in bridged networks
US6788681B1 (en) * 1999-03-16 2004-09-07 Nortel Networks Limited Virtual private networks and methods for their operation
US6963575B1 (en) * 2000-06-07 2005-11-08 Yipes Enterprise Services, Inc. Enhanced data switching/routing for multi-regional IP over fiber network
US20070058638A1 (en) * 2005-09-14 2007-03-15 Guichard James N System and methods for network segmentation
US20070076719A1 (en) * 2005-10-05 2007-04-05 Nortel Networks Limited Provider backbone bridging - provider backbone transport internetworking
US20080049753A1 (en) * 2006-08-22 2008-02-28 Heinze John M System and method for load balancing network resources using a connection admission control engine
US20080170573A1 (en) * 2007-01-17 2008-07-17 Nortel Networks Limited Border gateway protocol extended community attribute for layer-2 and layer-3 virtual private networks using 802.1ah-based tunnels

Family Cites Families (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5684800A (en) * 1995-11-15 1997-11-04 Cabletron Systems, Inc. Method for establishing restricted broadcast groups in a switched network
US6914905B1 (en) * 2000-06-16 2005-07-05 Extreme Networks, Inc. Method and system for VLAN aggregation
PT1271896E (en) * 2001-06-18 2004-12-31 Swisscom Mobile Ag Method and system for the mobile internet protocol (ip) in heterogeneous networks
GB0428541D0 (en) * 2004-12-31 2005-02-09 British Telecomm Out-of-band switch control
US7483438B2 (en) * 2005-04-14 2009-01-27 Alcatel Lucent Systems and methods for managing network services between private networks
US7881314B2 (en) * 2006-05-01 2011-02-01 Cisco Technology, Inc. Network device providing access to both layer 2 and layer 3 services on a single physical interface
US7948909B2 (en) * 2006-06-30 2011-05-24 Embarq Holdings Company, Llc System and method for resetting counters counting network performance information at network communications devices on a packet network
US8683022B2 (en) * 2007-02-02 2014-03-25 International Business Machines Corporation Methods and apparatus for assigning a physical adapter to a virtual adapter
WO2008118467A1 (en) * 2007-03-26 2008-10-02 Hammerhead Systems, Inc. Layer 2 virtual private network over pbb-te/pbt and seamless interworking with vpls
US8144715B2 (en) * 2007-08-10 2012-03-27 Rockstar Bideo LP Method and apparatus for interworking VPLS and ethernet networks
JP2009065429A (en) * 2007-09-06 2009-03-26 Hitachi Communication Technologies Ltd Packet transfer apparatus
JP5432928B2 (en) * 2008-03-12 2014-03-05 テレフオンアクチーボラゲット エル エム エリクソン(パブル) Method and apparatus for link state handshake for a loop prevention
US8874709B2 (en) * 2009-05-01 2014-10-28 Futurewei Technologies, Inc. Automatic subnet creation in networks that support dynamic ethernet-local area network services for use by operation, administration, and maintenance

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5917820A (en) * 1996-06-10 1999-06-29 Cisco Technology, Inc. Efficient packet forwarding arrangement for routing packets in an internetwork
US6788681B1 (en) * 1999-03-16 2004-09-07 Nortel Networks Limited Virtual private networks and methods for their operation
US6963575B1 (en) * 2000-06-07 2005-11-08 Yipes Enterprise Services, Inc. Enhanced data switching/routing for multi-regional IP over fiber network
US20020067731A1 (en) * 2000-12-01 2002-06-06 Allen Houston Dynamic data tunnelling
US20040042454A1 (en) * 2002-08-27 2004-03-04 Attaullah Zabihi Stackable virtual local area network provisioning in bridged networks
US20070058638A1 (en) * 2005-09-14 2007-03-15 Guichard James N System and methods for network segmentation
US20070076719A1 (en) * 2005-10-05 2007-04-05 Nortel Networks Limited Provider backbone bridging - provider backbone transport internetworking
US20080049753A1 (en) * 2006-08-22 2008-02-28 Heinze John M System and method for load balancing network resources using a connection admission control engine
US20080170573A1 (en) * 2007-01-17 2008-07-17 Nortel Networks Limited Border gateway protocol extended community attribute for layer-2 and layer-3 virtual private networks using 802.1ah-based tunnels

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9246800B1 (en) * 2010-01-25 2016-01-26 Juniper Networks, Inc. Interface for extending service capabilities of a network device
US9967185B1 (en) 2010-01-25 2018-05-08 Juniper Networks, Inc. Interface for extending service capabilities of a network device
US20130259050A1 (en) * 2010-11-30 2013-10-03 Donald E. Eastlake, III Systems and methods for multi-level switching of data frames
US20120243544A1 (en) * 2011-03-21 2012-09-27 Avaya Inc. Usage of masked bmac addresses in a provider backbone bridged (pbb) network
US20120243539A1 (en) * 2011-03-21 2012-09-27 Avaya Inc. Usage of masked ethernet addresses between transparent interconnect of lots of links (trill) routing bridges
US8755383B2 (en) * 2011-03-21 2014-06-17 Avaya, Inc. Usage of masked ethernet addresses between transparent interconnect of lots of links (TRILL) routing bridges
US8787377B2 (en) * 2011-03-21 2014-07-22 Avaya, Inc. Usage of masked BMAC addresses in a provider backbone bridged (PBB) network
US9654387B2 (en) 2011-05-03 2017-05-16 Micro Focus Software Inc. Techniques for privileged network routing
US8693327B2 (en) 2011-05-03 2014-04-08 Novell, Inc. Techniques for privileged network routing
CN104471899A (en) * 2012-05-10 2015-03-25 瑞典爱立信有限公司 802.1AQ support over IETF EVPN
US9369549B2 (en) * 2012-05-10 2016-06-14 Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson (Publ) 802.1aq support over IETF EVPN
US9210083B2 (en) * 2012-08-29 2015-12-08 International Business Machines Corporation Sliced routing table management with replication
US9215172B2 (en) * 2012-08-29 2015-12-15 International Business Machines Corporation Hashing-based routing table management
US9215171B2 (en) * 2012-08-29 2015-12-15 International Business Machines Corporation Hashing-based routing table management
US20140211806A1 (en) * 2012-08-29 2014-07-31 International Business Machines Corporation Sliced routing table management with replication
US20140064276A1 (en) * 2012-08-29 2014-03-06 International Business Machines Corporation Hashing-based routing table management
US20140064093A1 (en) * 2012-08-29 2014-03-06 International Business Machines Corporation Hashing-based routing table management
US9832165B2 (en) * 2013-03-29 2017-11-28 Cisco Technology, Inc. Using a virtual internet protocol address to represent dually connected hosts in an internet protocol overlay network
US20160028683A1 (en) * 2013-03-29 2016-01-28 Cisco Technology, Inc. Using a Virtual Internet Protocol Address to Represent Dually Connected Hosts in an Internet Protocol Overlay Network
US10164907B2 (en) 2015-11-25 2018-12-25 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Method and system for completing loosely specified MDTs
US9954765B2 (en) 2016-01-08 2018-04-24 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Graph construction for computed spring multicast

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
RU2011153500A (en) 2013-07-20
US20120233350A1 (en) 2012-09-13
EP2441214A1 (en) 2012-04-18
US9001829B2 (en) 2015-04-07
KR20120060810A (en) 2012-06-12
WO2010144418A1 (en) 2010-12-16
CA2764632A1 (en) 2010-12-16
EP2441214A4 (en) 2014-12-03
CN102484604A (en) 2012-05-30
RU2544766C2 (en) 2015-03-20
JP2012529855A (en) 2012-11-22
BR112012000198A2 (en) 2017-10-24

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Azodolmolky et al. Cloud computing networking: Challenges and opportunities for innovations.
US6765881B1 (en) Virtual L2TP/VPN tunnel network and spanning tree-based method for discovery of L2TP/VPN tunnels and other layer-2 services
CN104335532B (en) A method and apparatus to route the packet to the distal end of the virtual address forwarding instance
JP5410614B2 (en) Layer 2 seamless site expansion of companies in the cloud computing
US7260648B2 (en) Extension of address resolution protocol (ARP) for internet protocol (IP) virtual networks
US8055770B2 (en) Method and apparatus for providing network virtualization
US9148300B2 (en) Method and system for telecommunications including self-organizing scalable Ethernet using IS-IS hierarchy
US7672314B2 (en) Scaling VLANs in a data network
EP2264949B1 (en) Forwarding frames in a computer network using shortest path bridging
US9667541B2 (en) Virtual MAC address, mask-based, packet forwarding
CN102594711B (en) Message forwarding method and edge device therefor
US8670450B2 (en) Efficient software-based private VLAN solution for distributed virtual switches
US7302700B2 (en) Method and apparatus for implementing a layer 3/layer 7 firewall in an L2 device
US8213435B2 (en) Comprehensive model for VPLS
Gleeson et al. A framework for IP based virtual private networks
US7535856B2 (en) Techniques for zero touch provisioning of edge nodes for a virtual private network
US9900214B2 (en) Using virtual networking devices to manage network configuration
US7778199B2 (en) Techniques for customer self-provisioning of edge nodes for a virtual private network
CN104350467B (en) Cloud security of the elastic layer implementation using sdn
US7889754B2 (en) Address resolution mechanism for ethernet maintenance endpoints
US7072346B2 (en) Network and edge router
US9794116B2 (en) Managing use of intermediate destination computing nodes for provided computer networks
US7539185B2 (en) Fast-path implementation for an uplink double tagging engine
KR101460872B1 (en) Method and apparatus for mpls label allocation for a bgp mac-vpn
Touch et al. Transparent interconnection of lots of links (TRILL): Problem and applicability statement

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: NORTEL NETWORKS LIMITED, CANADA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:UNBEHAGEN, PAUL;LAPUH, ROGER;SIGNING DATES FROM 20090609 TO 20090702;REEL/FRAME:022919/0874

AS Assignment

Owner name: ROCKSTAR BIDCO, LP, NEW YORK

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:NORTEL NETWORKS LIMITED;REEL/FRAME:027143/0717

Effective date: 20110729

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION

AS Assignment

Owner name: ROCKSTAR CONSORTIUM US LP, TEXAS

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ROCKSTAR BIDCO, LP;REEL/FRAME:034086/0173

Effective date: 20120509

AS Assignment

Owner name: RPX CLEARINGHOUSE LLC, CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:ROCKSTAR CONSORTIUM US LP;ROCKSTAR CONSORTIUM LLC;BOCKSTAR TECHNOLOGIES LLC;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:034924/0779

Effective date: 20150128