US20100279397A1 - Biological specimen collection and storage devices - Google Patents

Biological specimen collection and storage devices Download PDF

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Publication number
US20100279397A1
US20100279397A1 US12/278,642 US27864207A US2010279397A1 US 20100279397 A1 US20100279397 A1 US 20100279397A1 US 27864207 A US27864207 A US 27864207A US 2010279397 A1 US2010279397 A1 US 2010279397A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
biological sample
container
characteristic
containment system
indicator
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12/278,642
Inventor
Jamieson W. Crawford
Gary D. Fletcher
Robert S. Golabek, Jr.
Sol F. Green
Myriam Lopez
Dimitrios Manoussakis
C. Mark Newby
Girish Parmar
Paul R. Soskey
Timothy A. Stevens
Yuguang Wu
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Becton Dickinson and Co
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Becton Dickinson and Co
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Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US77192306P priority Critical
Application filed by Becton Dickinson and Co filed Critical Becton Dickinson and Co
Priority to PCT/US2007/003437 priority patent/WO2007092585A2/en
Priority to US12/278,642 priority patent/US20100279397A1/en
Assigned to BECTON, DICKINSON AND COMPANY reassignment BECTON, DICKINSON AND COMPANY ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: LOPEZ, MYRIAM, SOSKEY, PAUL R., CRAWFORD, JAMIESON W., FLETCHER, GARY D., GOLABEK, ROBERT S., JR., WU, YUGUANG, GREEN, SOL F., MANOUSSAKIS, DIMITRIOS, PARMAR, GIRISH, NEWBY, C. MARK
Publication of US20100279397A1 publication Critical patent/US20100279397A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L3/00Containers or dishes for laboratory use, e.g. laboratory glassware; Droppers
    • B01L3/50Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes
    • B01L3/508Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes rigid containers not provided for above
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L3/00Containers or dishes for laboratory use, e.g. laboratory glassware; Droppers
    • B01L3/50Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes
    • B01L3/508Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes rigid containers not provided for above
    • B01L3/5082Test tubes per se
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L3/00Containers or dishes for laboratory use, e.g. laboratory glassware; Droppers
    • B01L3/50Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes
    • B01L3/508Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes rigid containers not provided for above
    • B01L3/5082Test tubes per se
    • B01L3/50825Closing or opening means, corks, bungs
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F3/00Labels, tag tickets, or similar identification or indication means; Seals; Postage or like stamps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L2300/00Additional constructional details
    • B01L2300/02Identification, exchange or storage of information
    • B01L2300/021Identification, e.g. bar codes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L2300/00Additional constructional details
    • B01L2300/02Identification, exchange or storage of information
    • B01L2300/024Storing results with means integrated into the container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L2300/00Additional constructional details
    • B01L2300/04Closures and closing means
    • B01L2300/046Function or devices integrated in the closure
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L2300/00Additional constructional details
    • B01L2300/06Auxiliary integrated devices, integrated components
    • B01L2300/0627Sensor or part of a sensor is integrated
    • B01L2300/0663Whole sensors
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N35/00Automatic analysis not limited to methods or materials provided for in any single one of groups G01N1/00 - G01N33/00; Handling materials therefor
    • G01N35/00584Control arrangements for automatic analysers
    • G01N35/00722Communications; Identification
    • G01N35/00732Identification of carriers, materials or components in automatic analysers
    • G01N2035/00861Identification of carriers, materials or components in automatic analysers printing and sticking of identifiers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N31/00Investigating or analysing non-biological materials by the use of the chemical methods specified in the subgroup; Apparatus specially adapted for such methods
    • G01N31/22Investigating or analysing non-biological materials by the use of the chemical methods specified in the subgroup; Apparatus specially adapted for such methods using chemical indicators
    • G01N31/229Investigating or analysing non-biological materials by the use of the chemical methods specified in the subgroup; Apparatus specially adapted for such methods using chemical indicators for investigating time/temperature history
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F3/00Labels, tag tickets, or similar identification or indication means; Seals; Postage or like stamps
    • G09F3/02Forms or constructions
    • G09F2003/0208Indicia
    • G09F2003/0211Transfer or thermo-sensitive
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F3/00Labels, tag tickets, or similar identification or indication means; Seals; Postage or like stamps
    • G09F3/02Forms or constructions
    • G09F2003/0272Labels for containers

Abstract

A biological sample containment system and method are provided that include a container for storing the biological sample and an indicator affixed to the container for displaying at least one measured characteristics of the container or sample, wherein measurement of the characteristic is commenced by activation of the indicator. In another embodiment of the invention, a biological sample containment system and method are provided that include a container for storing the biological sample and a colored scale affixed to the container, wherein the colored scale facilitates identification of at least one characteristic of the biological sample. In yet another embodiment of the invention, a biological sample containment system and method are provided that include a container for collecting a biological sample and a label affixed to the container, wherein information relating to the biological sample or container is situated on the label.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • This invention relates to systems and methods for providing information relating to vessels for collecting biological fluid samples from a patient.
  • BACKGROUND
  • Biological sample collection containers, such as blood collection containers, are well-known in the medical arts. Biological sample collection containers are used to store a sample obtained by a healthcare professional from a patient until the sample is ready to be tested or used for other purposes.
  • When collecting biological samples in collection containers, it is often important that the container and/or sample are not exposed to a temperature that exceeds a certain threshold. In addition, it is sometimes important that the container is used within a certain timeframe upon manufacture, shipment, or some other event. In addition, it may be important to know the amount of time that has transpired after collection of the sample into the container.
  • In addition, identifying other characteristics of the sample and/or container may be useful to the healthcare practitioner. For example, identifying the integrity of the sample, whether the sample has been subjected to appropriate procedures (i.e., mixing) or whether the appropriate amount of sample has been collected may be significant.
  • Currently, biological sample containers typically include a reservoir portion and a closure portion and contains some type of identifying information on the container. Such information, however, is often quite limited (such as limited to container type, patient identifiers and container identifiers) and does not effectively address the issues described above in connection with container and/or sample integrity.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • Improved biological specimen containers facilitate the handling of such samples to, for instance, improve sample and container rejection criteria, increase the number and percentage of high quality samples, improve data collection and generation, monitor potential container and sample problems, and improve container and sample quality control procedures.
  • Accordingly, in one embodiment of the invention, a biological sample containment system and method are provided that include a container for storing the biological sample and an indicator affixed to the container for displaying at least one measured characteristics of the container or sample, wherein measurement of the characteristic is commenced by activation of the indicator. The biological sample containment system and method may further include a cover associated with the indicator, wherein measurement of the characteristic is commenced upon manipulation and/or removal of at least a portion of the cover and/or upon exposure to air or light. The characteristic that is measured may relate to the temperature to which the container is exposed, the age of the container, the amount of mixing to which the biological sample has been subjected, the time that has transpired since the biological sample has been introduced or stored by the container, the amount of time that has transpired since a user or machine performed a task related to the container, or the like.
  • In another embodiment of the invention, a biological sample containment system and method are provided that include a container for storing the biological sample and a colored scale affixed to the container, wherein the colored scale facilitates identification of at least one characteristic of the biological sample, such as the level of hemolysis associated with the biological sample.
  • In yet another embodiment of the invention, a biological sample containment system and method are provided that include a container for collecting a biological sample and a label affixed to the container, wherein information relating to the biological sample or container is situated on the label and at least a portion of said information is situated on a face of the label that is affixed to the container. In one instance, the information may relate to whether the container is filled with the biological sample at a desired level.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1A illustrates a biological sample collection container;
  • FIG. 1B illustrates a biological sample collection container having a characteristic labeling system, in accordance with an embodiment of the invention;
  • FIG. 1C illustrates a characteristic label, in accordance with an embodiment of the invention, for use in connection with a biological sample container such as the container illustrated in FIG. 1A;
  • FIG. 2 illustrates a characteristic label, in accordance with another embodiment of the invention, for use in connection with a biological sample container such as the container illustrated in FIG. 1A;
  • FIG. 3A illustrates a biological sample collection container bearing sample and container characteristic indicators, in accordance with an embodiment of the invention; and
  • FIG. 3B illustrates a biological sample collection container bearing a fill range indicator, in accordance with an embodiment of the invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • FIG. 1A illustrates a biological sample collection container 10. Container 10 includes sample collection tube 20 (such as chemistry sample tube, coagulation sample tube and hematology sample tube, etc.) and closure 16. In the illustrated embodiment, tube 20 is generally cylindrical and may be made of one or more of the following representative materials: polypropylene, polyethylene terapthalate (PET), glass, or combinations thereof. In addition, closure 16 may be made of a resealable elastomeric polymer and additionally may comprise a polymer cap integral to the resealable elastomeric polymer. In other instances, container 10 may comprise a vessel of different shape (i.e., other than cylindrical) and, in some instances, may not be a tube. For example, container 10 may comprise a collection cup, bag, or the like.
  • Referring to FIGS. 1A and 1B, collection system 10 further includes a characteristic labeling system, which in accordance with an embodiment of the invention, comprises characteristic label 90A and label cover 80. In accordance with an embodiment of the invention, characteristic label 90A is configured to track the amount of time that has transpired upon removal (i.e., peeling) and/or piercing (with, for example, a non-patient blood collection needle) of label cover 80.
  • Label cover 80, in accordance with an embodiment of the invention, is designed to cover and protect characteristic label 90A. In one instance, label cover 80 has a flap for easy gripping to facilitate removal. In addition, label cover 80 has an adhesive applied to the portion facing characteristic 90A either on its entire face or a portion of such face (such as a perimeter).
  • Characteristic label 90A may, in accordance with an embodiment of the invention, use visually changing paper (“VCP”) technology that is triggered by a triggering event, such as when label cover 80 is removed or pierced. The triggering event causes the VCP technology to transition from an inactivated state to an activated state. The visually changing paper technology utilized on characteristic label 90A may also be triggered by triggering event such as a surface modification, when for instance a label cover is applied to all or a portion of characteristic label 90A, or alternately when all or a portion of the characteristic label 90A has been subjected to a localized chemical environment change that commences or triggers a visual response to such change in localized chemical environment. An example of a localized chemical environment change may include the addition of a chemical or solution to portions of characteristic label 90A. In one instance, such removal or piercing of label cover 80 exposes characteristic label 90A to air which initiates a visually viewable or interpretable response correlating to time monitoring or tracking. In another instance, such adherence of a label cover 80 to characteristic label 90A may initiate a visually viewable or interpretable response correlating to time monitoring or tracking. Specifically, an activator matrix integral to the label cover 80 comprising, for example, an organic acid may migrate to an indicator matrix integral to characteristic label 90 a comprising, for example, an acid-base dye indicator. Alternatively, exposing characteristic label 90A to light (by removal or piercing of cover 80) may initiate time monitoring. Further, removal of label cover 80 may begin a chemical reaction visible to a user directly or through the use of an optical detection mechanism.
  • Referring to FIG. 1C, in accordance with an embodiment of the invention, characteristic label 90A is configured to identify one or multiple interpretable time periods measured from the time at which a triggering event has been deliberately commenced. For instance, the following time periods and their respective time period indicators may be determined to have transpired from the triggering event such as exposure of such label upon removal of label cover 80: a half-hour (92 a), 2 hours (92 b), 3 hours (92 c), 6 hours (92 d), 12 hours (92 e), 24 hours (920, 48 hours (92 g), 96 hours (92 h). Label 90A may be configured to identify other time intervals further including, for example, days.
  • In accordance with an embodiment of the invention, characteristic label 90A is exposed at time relevant to the drawing of a sample into tube 20. By subsequently viewing characteristic label 90A, the approximate time between drawing of the sample and a subsequent event and monitoring event (such as refrigeration, testing, etc.) may be determined or ascertained. In one instance, label 90A is configured such that as the number of hours transpires (from a triggering event such as time of exposure), the color of the label in the region of such time periods changes. In another instance, label 90A comprises a plurality of different time period indicators that respond to a shared triggering event in a manner such that different time period indicators visually correlate with their respective time intervals. Thus, the approximate time that transpires may be observed. For instance, a plurality of time period indicators (i.e., 92 a, 92 b, 92 c, 92 d, 92 e, 92 f, 92 g, and 92 h) correlate to the time transpired, preferably in a visually indicative manner.
  • By tracking the time periods described above, sample collection time, centrifugation-ready time, and sample integrity time may be measured or monitored. For instance, knowledge of clot time in a serum chemistry tube may be determined when, for example, the thirty minute mark is reached by label 90A, indicating that sufficient time has transpired for the sample to clot long enough prior to centrifugation which is desired or required in certain testing protocols. For a plasma chemistry tube, knowledge of time that the sample has been sitting in a container prior to centrifugation may facilitate ensuring that the sample is centrifuged within the allowable period for a specific diagnostic assay, such as a period of two hours from the drawing of the sample which is desired or required in certain protocols. In addition, with such a label, assessing whether a rack (or some other grouping or collection) of tubes meets certain time constraints is facilitated and the need to handle each individual tube may be obviated.
  • In accordance with another embodiment of the invention, label 90A may be triggered at a time subsequent to drawing a sample into container 20. For example, label cover 80 may be lifted immediately before centrifugation or after centrifugation, so that the time of centrifugation or post-centrifugation processes may be measured. Alternatively, label 90A may be triggered at a time subsequent to drawing a sample into container 20 by the application of a label cover 80 to all or a portion of the surface of label 90A.
  • In accordance with another embodiment of the invention, collection system 10 further includes a characteristic labeling system, which in accordance with an embodiment of the invention, comprises characteristic label 90 a and label cover 80. In accordance with an embodiment of the invention, characteristic label 90 a is configured to track the amount of time that has transpired upon direct or indirect adherence (i.e., peeling) of characteristic label 90 a to a portion of one or both of sample collection tube 20 or closure 16. Sample collection tube 20 or closure 16 may have a surface capable of transmitting an activator matrix to a portion of characteristic label 90 a, wherein characteristic label 90 a comprises an indicator matrix responsive to the activator matrix.
  • Characteristic label 90 a may therefore, in accordance with an embodiment of the invention, use visually changing paper (“VCP”) technology that is triggered by a triggering event, such as when the characteristic label 90A is adhered to one or both of sample collection tube 20 or closure 16. The triggering event causes the VCP technology to transition from an inactivated state to an activated state.
  • In FIG. 2, characteristic label 90 b is illustrated. Similar to label 90 a, characteristic label 90 a identifies time that transpires upon exposure of such label. Characteristic 90 a, however, also includes temperature read-out 95. In one embodiment, such read-out is effectuated by polymerization of monomers and may utilize, at least in part, the Arrhenius relationship. While read-out 95 is illustrated as a number, such read-out may be displayed in the form of a color which corresponds to a temperature range, limit, or combinations thereof.
  • In one embodiment, label 90 a monitors the maximum temperature to which the label 90B (and therefore the container to which label 90 b is affixed) is exposed—regardless of whether the label is exposed to light or temperature. In another embodiment, label 90 b is configured to measure temperature once the label is exposed to light and/or air.
  • As shown in FIGS. 3 a and 3 b with respect to collection tube 60 a and 60 b, one or more of the following features may be included: time and temperature shelf life indicator 30, fill range 40 and hemolysis indicator 50.
  • Time and temperature shelf life indicator 30 may be situated on tube 60 a and may be effectuated by polymerization of monomers utilizing, at least in part, the Arrhenius relationship. With such indicator 30, a user may easily observe whether a container has “expired” prior to drawing a sample, testing the sample, or some other point in the sample collection and testing process resulting in fewer redraws or unnecessary or inaccurate testing.
  • In addition, in accordance with an embodiment of the invention, mix indicator (not shown) may be provided on tube 20 to ensure that the appropriate number of mixes and amount of mixing time is performed. Adequate mixing improves sample integrity, quality, and reliability. In an embodiment of the invention, an accelerometer may be integrated with the tube 20 such that motion representative of mixing may be identified, recorded, and outputted. The output may be in a form that is visually apparent to the user or optionally may be discreet such that the output may be interrogated by a device remote from the tube (i.e., a reading from a hand-held scanner).
  • In accordance with another embodiment of the invention, a label is applied to a portion of tube 20, wherein the backside 22 a of label 22 or the surface affixed or is fixable to the outside wall surface of tube 20 includes fill range indicator 40. Such indicator 40 may comprise some form of pre-printed marking or shape specific marking, such as a black solid indicator portion or a cut, cutout, or visible perforation portion. The color, shading, pattern, and shape of such portions may vary as long as each is recognizable by the user. In an embodiment of the invention, indicator 40 comprises a low fill indicator 40 a, situated at the bottom boundary of indicator 40 and a high fill indicator 40 b, situated at the upper boundary of indicator 40. In other embodiments, one of either a low fill indicator 40 a or high fill indicator 40 b may be utilized. The low fill indicator 40 a and the high fill indicator 40 b set the lower and upper limits for drawing a sample from a sample source (i.e. Patient's venous blood), such that sufficient sample amounts are collected to effectuate certain tests and to effectuate adequate reagent to sample mixing ratios and proper centrifugation considerations or conditions. In another embodiment of the invention, the word “fill” or some other word indicative of the indicator's purpose may be displayed in the indicator area. High fill, low fill, and generic fill indicators may comprise boundaries of each limit, or optionally may include a filled or empty space area correlating to a desired fill range. For certain tubes, the desired fill range may correlate to the quantity of reagents or additives deployed into the tube prior to use or at the point of manufacture to ensure proper sample to additive ration. In embodiments disclosed in the present application, the fill indicators (40 a and/or 40 b) are preferably disposed on that portion of label 22 such that a user may interpret the level or quantity of sample collected from the patient into the container, by looking through a portion of the generally clear sidewall of tube 20.
  • In accordance with another embodiment of the invention, label 22 comprises on a backside 22 a information pertaining to at least one of a manufacture catalog number, identifiable bar code, shelf life, lot identification number, or container specific identifier of tube 20, wherein the backside is adhered to the sidewall of tube 20. In accordance with another embodiment of the invention, the label 22 further comprises on its other side (opposite of 22 a) information specific to a sample intended to be placed or already placed into the container of which the label 22 is adhered to and/or information specific to a patient in a hospital.
  • In accordance with another embodiment of the invention, label 22 comprises on a first side, a fill indication correlating to the proper draw fill volume for a first tube, wherein the backside 22 a of label 22 or the surface affixed or ad fixable to the outside wall surface of tube 20 includes fill range indicator 40. Such indicator 40 may comprise some form of pre-printed marking or shape specific marking, such as a black solid indicator portion or a cut, cutout, or visible perforation portion. The color, shading, pattern, and shape of such portions may vary, as long as each are recognizable by the user. In an embodiment of the invention, indicator 40 comprises a low fill indicator 40 a situated at the bottom boundary of indicator 40 and a high fill indicator 40 b situated at the upper boundary of indicator 40.
  • In accordance with another embodiment of the invention, label 22 includes hemolysis color indicator 50, possibly in the form of a chart or scale. The indicator 50 may be displayed on the tube facing side, the side opposite the tube facing side, or optionally both. Additionally, the hemolysis color indicator 50 may be printed directly onto a tube 20 rather than on a label applicable to a tube 20. One method for measuring levels of hemolysis, i.e., the breaking of the cell membranes of red blood cells, is visually identifying the color of all or a portion of a blood sample. For example, in many instances, the shade of the serum that resides above the hematocrit for a blood sample is indicative of general qualitative hemolysis levels, such as zero, trace (or slight), moderate, and gross (or severe). Such indication may be displayed by including a color scale on blood containment device having different hemolysis level terminologies associated with and printed on the hemolysis scale. Some examples of scales/terminologies that can be included to convey for measuring levels of hemolysis are: a 0, +1, +2, and +3 scale; a 0, 1+, 2+, and 3+ scale; 0, 1, 2, and 3 scale; a 0, +, ++, and +++ scale; or a zero, trace, +, ++, and +++ scale. The color scale for indicating hemolysis ranges from a light yellow to a dark reddish orange. A Pantome color scheme may be chosen to represent variances between the low and high color indicators. Other indications of hemolysis levels may be provided.
  • Included on the label 22 or directly printed onto a tube 20, in accordance with an embodiment of the invention, is a barcode or some other machine readable data that is unique to each container, either unique to all container, or optionally unique to a subset of all containers produced. Such information may also be used for storage of additional data associated with container, such as container manufacturer information, container type, intended draw size information, and the like. In addition, patient-specific, test-specific, or other application-specific information may be stored (i.e., electronically) and associated with the container's unique identifier. In accordance with another embodiment of the invention, the machine readable information may be provided on a container's permanent label, container's removable label, the container itself, or some combination thereof. Such design may allow for less information to be provided by users of the tube and/or fewer labels to be manually affixed by users.
  • Another manner for providing information associated with a biological sample container is to affix, embed or otherwise associate a radio frequency identification (RFID) tag with such container. Such a feature also allows for unique identification of the container, in accordance with an embodiment of the invention. Such RFID tags may be passive in nature with an electronic device having some type of reading/scanning mechanism to receive identification information off the tag. In another embodiment, the tag is active in nature in which an electronic device is used to receive a signal generated by or from the tag. In accordance with an embodiment of the invention, the tags may be writeable, readable, or both. With such a system, the need for more conventional type labeling having machine readable or human readable information may be complemented or obviated.
  • While the present invention is satisfied by embodiments in many different forms, there is shown in the figures and described herein in detail, various embodiments of the invention, with the understanding that the present disclosure is to be considered as exemplary of the principles of the invention and is not intended to limit the invention to the embodiments illustrated. Various other embodiments will be apparent to, and readily made by those skilled in the art, without departing from the scope and spirit of the invention. The scope of the invention will be measured by the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (16)

1. A biological sample containment system comprising:
a container for storing the biological sample; and
an indicator affixed to the container for displaying at least one measurable characteristic of the container or sample,
wherein measurement of the characteristic is capable of measurement after activation of the indicator.
2. The biological sample containment system of claim 1, further comprising:
a cover associated with the indicator,
wherein measurement of the characteristic is capable of measurement upon removal of at least a portion of the cover.
3. The biological sample containment system of claim 1, wherein activation occurs when the indicator is exposed to air or light.
4. The biological sample containment system of claim 2, wherein the removal occurs by peeling at least a portion of the cover from the indicator.
5. The biological sample containment system of claim 1, further comprising a cover associated with the indicator,
wherein measurement of the characteristic is capable of measurement upon a user induced event chosen from the group consisting of piercing the cover, tearing the cover, agitating the cover, and compressing the cover into the closure.
6. The biological sample containment system of claim 1, wherein the characteristic that is measured relates to the temperature to which the container is exposed or has been exposed.
7. The biological sample containment system of claim 1, wherein the characteristic that is measured relates to the age of the container.
8. The biological sample containment system of claim 1, wherein the characteristic that is measured relates to the amount of mixing to which the biological sample is subjected.
9. The biological sample containment system of claim 1, wherein the characteristic that is measured relates to the time that has transpired since the biological sample has been introduced into the container.
10. The biological sample containment system of claim 1, wherein the container comprises a storage portion and a closure portion.
11. A method for displaying at least one characteristics of a biological containment system, comprising:
collecting a biological sample in a container; and
activating an indicator that is affixed to the container,
wherein the activating results in a visual display of the at least one characteristic.
12. A biological sample containment system, comprising:
a container for storing the biological sample; and
a colored scale affixed to the container,
wherein the colored scale facilitates identification of at least one characteristic of the biological sample.
13. The biological sample containment system of claim 12, wherein the characteristic is the level of hemolysis associated with the biological sample.
14. A biological sample containment system, comprising:
a container for collecting a biological sample; and
a label having a first side and an opposing second side, said label affixed to the container by said first side,
wherein information relating to the biological sample or container is situated on the label and at least a portion of said information is situated on said first side.
15. The biological sample containment system of claim 14, wherein the information relates to whether the container is filled with the biological sample at a desired level.
16. The biological sample containment system of claim 1, wherein the characteristic that is measured relates to a shelf life expiration status chosen from the group consisting of expired and not expired.
US12/278,642 2006-02-08 2007-02-08 Biological specimen collection and storage devices Abandoned US20100279397A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US77192306P true 2006-02-08 2006-02-08
PCT/US2007/003437 WO2007092585A2 (en) 2006-02-08 2007-02-08 Biological specimen collection and storage devices
US12/278,642 US20100279397A1 (en) 2006-02-08 2007-02-08 Biological specimen collection and storage devices

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US12/278,642 US20100279397A1 (en) 2006-02-08 2007-02-08 Biological specimen collection and storage devices

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US20100279397A1 true US20100279397A1 (en) 2010-11-04

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US12/278,642 Abandoned US20100279397A1 (en) 2006-02-08 2007-02-08 Biological specimen collection and storage devices
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JP2009526231A (en) 2009-07-16
CN101416147A (en) 2009-04-22

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