US20100212241A1 - Building wall structures and their components - Google Patents

Building wall structures and their components Download PDF

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Publication number
US20100212241A1
US20100212241A1 US12/453,744 US45374409A US2010212241A1 US 20100212241 A1 US20100212241 A1 US 20100212241A1 US 45374409 A US45374409 A US 45374409A US 2010212241 A1 US2010212241 A1 US 2010212241A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
panel
wall forming
inch
wall
forming panel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12/453,744
Inventor
Leslie Stewart Holroyd
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Nuform Building Tech Inc
Original Assignee
Nuform Building Tech Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CA 2654992 priority Critical patent/CA2654992C/en
Priority to CA2654992 priority
Application filed by Nuform Building Tech Inc filed Critical Nuform Building Tech Inc
Publication of US20100212241A1 publication Critical patent/US20100212241A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/10Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products
    • E04C2/20Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products of plastics
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/02Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements
    • E04B1/12Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements the elements consisting of other material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
    • E04B2/8623Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms with spacers and at least one form leaf being monolithic
    • E04B2/8629Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms with spacers and at least one form leaf being monolithic with both form leaves and spacers being monolithic
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/30Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure
    • E04C2/34Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure composed of two or more spaced sheet-like parts
    • E04C2/36Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure composed of two or more spaced sheet-like parts spaced apart by transversely-placed strip material, e.g. honeycomb panels

Abstract

A rectilinear extruded plastic wall forming panel characterized being able to directly connect to next adjoining panels either by sliding adjoining panels together or by pushing them together. Also, if one of the panel walls is to become an exterior wall, it is preferably reinforced, for example with pultruded fiberglass or foamed PVC.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • This invention relates to novel wall structures for housing and other buildings and novel components therefore.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • More particularly, the invention relates to the creation of a wall structure of confined, poured concrete (which in some cases is or may be fully insulated at the time of the erection), such as illustrated in U.S. Pat. No. 6,212,845 B1.
  • In such prior art, illustrated by the said U.S. patent, a wall structure was created by wall forming panels indicated at 5 in the said U.S. patent joined by box connectors indicated at 6 in the said U.S. patent.
  • Because such panels and box connectors were formed from different extrusions it was difficult to match colour of the panels and the box connectors with the result of the wall formed by their connection showed an exterior and interior wall of contrasting colours which was offensive to the eye.
  • It is one object of the present invention to eliminate this visually undesirable feature.
  • Another important object of the invention is to eliminate the need for any form of separate connector pieces, such as the prior art box connectors of the said U.S. patent, to connect adjoining wall forming panels. Use of wall-forming panels according to the invention thus reduces, as compared to the prior art, the number of wall-forming components necessary to erect a wall structure, with attendant savings in manufacturing, inventory, installation and other costs. This reduction of components depends on the length of the wall.
  • It will be understood that the size of the panels used is limited by the ability of the workmen to handle them.
  • Another important object of the invention is to provide wall panel connections such that the panels can be joined by either vertical sliding assembly or by lateral push snap-fit assembly.
  • Another object of the invention is to provide panel connections which reduce or block air, vapour, moisture and other agents from seeping into the connection between adjoining panels thereby improving the thermal performance and weather resistance of the connections and wall structures.
  • These and other features of the invention will become apparent from the following description given with reference to the accompanying drawings in which
  • FIG. 1 is a plan view of the panels of the present invention showing the connections between adjoining panels;
  • FIG. 2 a is a cross-section enlargement of one form of connection between adjoining panels wherein a projecting bearing ridge or projection at the entrance to the groove provided to receive the in-turned flange at the end of the next connecting panel;
  • FIG. 3 is a cross-section enlargement of an alternative form of connection between adjoining panels in accordance with the invention;
  • FIG. 4 is a broken away perspective view illustrating the assembly of a wall forming panel with other panels by vertical sliding movement;
  • FIG. 5 is a part diagrammatic cross-sectional view illustrating the assembly of panels through a pushing snap-fit connection;
  • FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a panel according to the invention for use in making solid concrete walls;
  • FIG. 7 is a perspective view of a panel similar to the panels shown in FIG. 4 but has an exterior wall reinforced with a layer of pultruded fiberglass;
  • FIG. 8 is a perspective view of a panel similar to the panels shown in FIG. 4 but has an exterior wall reinforced with pockets of pultruded fiberglass;
  • FIG. 9 is a perspective view of a panel similar to the panels shown in FIG. 4 but has an exterior wall reinforced with a layer of foamed PVC; and,
  • FIG. 10 is a cross-section enlargement of an alternative form of connection between adjoining panels in accordance with the invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • With reference to FIGS. 1 and 2, the panels 1 illustrated are connected according to the invention with each panel having adjacent one end a groove 2. At the edge of groove 2 is a projecting ridge 3. At the end of each panel 1 opposite to the groove 2, the panel 1 is provided with a short in-turned flange or finger 4 at the end of a projecting arm 5. The projecting arm 5 has a measure of flexibility such that the flange or finger 4 can be flexed outwardly to pass over ridge 3 and snap back into groove 2 (as shown in FIG. 5). Groove 2 is preferably of a depth that there is a gap 2 a between the bottom of finger 4 and the bottom of groove 2.
  • Such flexibility is affected by both the choice of materials as well as the dimensions of the components. For example, for typical substrate materials such as PVC or reprocessed thermoplastic, it has been found that, if the length of arm 5 is in the range of about ½ inch to about 1 inch, and preferably about ¾ inch, and the thickness of arm 5 is in the range of about 0.08 inch to about 0.1 inch, then adequate flexibility is achieved while retaining sufficient strength and integrity.
  • When finger 4 is engaged with groove 2, arm 5 presses down on ridge 3 thereby establishing a sealing arrangement therebetween which reduces or blocks the passage of air, vapour, moisture or other agents through the connection. Having a gap 2 a between the bottom of finger 4 and the bottom of groove 2 helps to ensure that the sealing arrangement is as tight as possible.
  • As shown in all Figures except FIG. 3, the ends of fingers 4 and ridges 3 may be rounded. Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 3, they may be angled.
  • The cooperating shapes of the end 4 a of finger 4 and the corner portion 25 of adjacent panel 1 are such that as the two panels 1 are brought into snap-fit connection arms 5 are forced outwardly (as shown in FIG. 5) by wedging action. In the embodiments shown in all Figures (except FIG. 3), this is achieved by providing finger end 4 a with a rounded shape and enhanced by providing corner 26 of corner portion 25 with a rounded shape as well. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 3, finger end 4 a′ is provided with an angled, wedge-like shape; ridge 3′ may also be provided with a cooperating angled wedge-like shape.
  • In yet a further embodiment, as shown in FIG. 10, corner portion 25′ of panel 1 is provided with an angled face 27 to assist in the wedging action as the two panels 1 are brought into snap-fit connection.
  • Preferably, the length of fingers 4 is such that when fingers 4 of one panel 1 are brought into initial contact with the corner portion 25 of a neighbouring panel 1 wedging action may begin immediately as the two panels are snap-fit together.
  • Groove 2 and finger 4 define cooperating locking means 30 to resist disconnection of two connected panels 1. In the illustrated embodiments, locking means 30 comprises groove wall or surface 2 b (or 2 b′ in FIG. 3) and finger surface 4 b (or 4 b′ in FIG. 3) oriented transversely to the direction of disconnection (arrow B in FIGS. 2 and 3). Other locking means may be used. In such an arrangement, ridge 3 (or 3′) may comprise an upward extension of the groove wall 2 b (or 2 b′).
  • In operation, as shown in FIG. 5, adjacent panels 1 may be manually snap-fitted together by moving them together in the direction indicated by arrow A. As fingers 4 engage ridges 3, arms 5 flex outwardly to allow fingers 4 to ride up and over ridges 3 and then snap down into grooves 2. It has been found that if the length of fingers 4 is too short, then connected panels 1 may disengage too easily. On the other hand, if the length of the fingers 4 is too great, then it is difficult to achieve a manual snap-fit. For example, in such circumstance, to achieve a snap-fit, tools (such as a pry bar and/or a hammer) may have to be used and in the use thereof one or both panels 1 may be damaged. Or, the mere attempt to force a snap-fit with fingers 4 that are too long may damage fingers 4 and/or arms 5.
  • It has been found that for typical substrate materials such as PVC or reprocessed thermoplastic, an arm length for arm 5 in the range of about ½ inch to about 1 inch, and preferably about ¾ inch, and an arm thickness for arm 5 in the range of about 0.08 inch to about 0.1 inch and fingers 4 with a length in the range of about 0.110 inches to about 0.230 inches are workable.
  • More preferably, the length of fingers 4 would be in the range from about 0.130 to about 0.160 inches.
  • As an alternative to snap-fitting as described above, as shown in FIG. 4, adjacent panels 1 may be connected by vertically sliding them together.
  • While the panels 1 shown in FIG. 1 are provided with main concrete receiving compartments 6 and compartments 7 which may contain or can be filled with insulating material at the building erector's choice, it will be understood that the connection of the panels would equally apply to panel 1′ shown in FIG. 6 which is provided only with concrete receiving compartments 6. It will be appreciated that, with respect to a wall made of panels 1′, if insulation is required, separate insulation may be independently applied, for example to either or both sides of such wall.
  • Each of the concrete receiving compartments 6 may be provided with a pair of inwardly projecting and outwardly turned guide members 8 over which may be sleeved a sleeve member 9 (FIG. 1) to provide a channel 10 isolated from concrete poured within the compartments 6 to receive wiring or other services all as shown in U.S. Pat. No. 6,212,845 B1.
  • It will be understood that the panel walls 11 or the portions of such walls which confront the concrete receiving compartments 6 will be provided with openings 12 to provide for the ready flow of concrete between adjoining concrete receiving compartments 6 all as shown in the said U.S. patent.
  • It will also be understood that the exterior walls 19 of panel 1 (and of panel 1′, FIG. 6), may be provided with any requisite coating usually a coextruded coating to protect against ultra-violet rays and the like.
  • FIG. 7 shows a panel 13 which is similar to panels 1 except that it has an exterior wall 14 reinforced with a layer 15 of pultruded fiberglass.
  • Similarly, FIG. 8 shows the use of pultruded fiberglass pockets 16 to reinforce an exterior wall 17 of a panel 18 otherwise similar to panel 1.
  • Similarly, FIG. 9 shows the use of foamed PVC 20 to reinforce an exterior wall 21 of a panel 22 otherwise similar to panel 1.
  • While various preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described herein in detail, it will be appreciated that variations may be made thereto without departing from the spirit of the invention or scope of the appended claims.

Claims (12)

1. A wall forming panel comprising an integral elongated enclosed extrusion of thermal plastic material, said panel having means for connecting to an adjoining panel on two sides thereof, said means comprising an inwardly projecting groove running the length of said panel at each side of said panel adjacent a first end of said panel, and having at each side of said panel at a second end of said panel a projecting arm having a measure of resiliency provided with an in-turned end or finger running the length of said panel, the arrangement being such that the fingers of said projecting arms are adapted to be received in the grooves of a next adjoining panel either by a sliding or pushing motion, and sealing means to prevent ingress of moisture and other agents into said wells.
2. A wall forming panel as claimed in claim 1 in which said sealing means comprises a projecting ridge adjacent each groove on which the projecting arms of an adjoining connected panel bear.
3. A wall forming panel as claimed in claim 2 in which said projecting ridge is an upward extension of the wall of the groove adjacent said first panel end.
4. A wall forming panel as claimed in claim 3 in which said ridge defines a wedging surface to cant the finger passing over said ridge outwardly from its in-turned position.
5. A wall forming panel as claimed in claim 1 having a wall which is to become an exterior wall when said panel is assembled with other panels reinforced.
6. A wall forming panel as claimed in claim 5 in which said exterior wall is reinforced with pultruded fiberglass.
7. A wall forming panel as claimed in claim 6 in which the pultruded fiberglass is a layer of pultruded fiberglass bonded to said exterior wall.
8. A wall forming panel as claimed in claim 6 in which the pultruded fiberglass comprises pockets of pultruded fiberglass bonded to said exterior wall.
9. A wall forming panel as claimed in claim 5 in which said exterior wall is reinforced with foamed PVC.
10. A wall forming panel as claimed in claim 2 wherein the panel is formed of one of the materials chosen from PVC or reprocessed thermoplastic, the length of the arms is in the range of about ½ inch to 1 inch, the thickness of the arms is in the range of about 0.08 inch to about 0.1 inch and the length of the fingers is in the range of about 0.110 inch to about 0.230 inch.
11. A wall forming panel as claimed in claim 10 wherein the length of the arms is about ¾ inch and the length of the fingers is in the range of about 0.130 inch to about 0.160 inch.
12. A wall forming panel as claimed in claim 2 which further comprises a locking arrangement between cooperating surfaces of the grooves and fingers.
US12/453,744 2009-02-20 2009-05-21 Building wall structures and their components Abandoned US20100212241A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CA 2654992 CA2654992C (en) 2009-02-20 2009-02-20 Building wall structures and their components
CA2654992 2009-02-20

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2012087096A1 (en) * 2010-12-21 2012-06-28 Intempo Sistemas Constructivos S.A. De C.V. Modular system of thermoplastic structural elements and panels for prefabricated buildings
WO2012139153A1 (en) 2011-04-11 2012-10-18 Burak Dincel A building element for a structural building panel
US20130192155A1 (en) * 2012-01-30 2013-08-01 Yvan Bergeron Load bearing wall system
FR3011863A1 (en) * 2013-10-16 2015-04-17 Destouches L Prefabricated construction device
WO2016065373A1 (en) * 2014-10-21 2016-04-28 Venture Holdings B .V. A modular building unit, system and method
CN105705711A (en) * 2013-11-07 2016-06-22 Csr建筑产品有限公司 Building component
WO2016164998A1 (en) * 2015-04-15 2016-10-20 Noé Rogério Saad Improvements to a building system of extruded and co-extruded modular pvc profiles for forming walls
US9540800B2 (en) * 2012-11-08 2017-01-10 Wallclick Sistemas Construtivos Ltda. Set of profile sections for the construction of walls, panels and angle sections in thermoplastic
US20170081859A1 (en) * 2015-09-22 2017-03-23 Cing-Star Co., Ltd. Slidable constructing plate
WO2018197647A1 (en) * 2017-04-28 2018-11-01 GRUNDLAND FARACE, Eduardo Alberto Interlocking construction block
WO2019071300A1 (en) * 2017-10-10 2019-04-18 Csr Building Products Limited Formwork system
US10287773B2 (en) * 2014-06-16 2019-05-14 Steadiform Holdings Pty Ltd. Formwork
FR3079856A1 (en) * 2018-04-09 2019-10-11 L. Destouches Prefabricated construction device, its placement and use

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US5784841A (en) * 1996-01-11 1998-07-28 Patio Enclosures, Inc. Electrical raceway housed in a structural member
US5953880A (en) * 1994-11-02 1999-09-21 Royal Building Systems (Cdn) Limited Fire rated modular building system
US5974751A (en) * 1994-05-27 1999-11-02 De Zen; Vittorio Housing system with structural cored hollow components
US6021646A (en) * 1998-06-26 2000-02-08 Burley's Rink Supply, Inc. Floor system for a rink
US6121845A (en) * 1998-05-15 2000-09-19 Motorola, Inc. Phase-locked loop system and method for modifying an output transition time
US6167669B1 (en) * 1997-11-03 2001-01-02 Louis Joseph Lanc Concrete plastic unit CPU
US6189269B1 (en) * 1992-05-29 2001-02-20 Royal Building Systems (Cdn) Limited Thermoplastic wall forming member with wiring channel
US6212845B1 (en) * 1996-02-29 2001-04-10 Royal Building Systems (Cdw) Limited Insulated wall and components therefor
US6247280B1 (en) * 1999-04-23 2001-06-19 The Dow Chemical Company Insulated wall construction and forms and method for making same
US6591558B1 (en) * 1998-08-20 2003-07-15 Royal Group Technologies Limited Prefabricated plastic shed and components therefor
US6658808B1 (en) * 1999-08-09 2003-12-09 Scae Associates Interlocking building module system
US20070163193A1 (en) * 2003-08-20 2007-07-19 Great Dane Limited Partnership Liner Panel Having Barrier Layer
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US3191724A (en) * 1961-05-03 1965-06-29 Reynolds Metals Co Hollow wall constructions and parts therefor
US3182763A (en) * 1961-05-04 1965-05-11 Reynolds Metals Co High-stressed double wall partitions or the like for freight car dividers
US3460304A (en) * 1966-05-20 1969-08-12 Dow Chemical Co Structural panel with interlocking edges
US3562992A (en) * 1968-11-29 1971-02-16 Lewis R Kinsey Building structural element
US3605363A (en) * 1969-03-14 1971-09-20 Martin Bard Assembly of structure elements
US3698149A (en) * 1969-09-15 1972-10-17 William Baker Composite beam structure and assembly
US3815311A (en) * 1972-03-30 1974-06-11 E Nisula Interlocking, serially interconnecting, extruded building block modules for walls, floors, ceilings, etc.
US4236366A (en) * 1977-12-09 1980-12-02 Hunter Douglas International N.V. Prefabricated wall panel
US4438614A (en) * 1978-03-02 1984-03-27 Hauserman, Inc. Demountable interior partition system and components therefor
US4274236A (en) * 1978-08-28 1981-06-23 Gerald Kessler High stiffness cellular plastic siding
US4335548A (en) * 1980-04-30 1982-06-22 Millcraft Housing Corp. Insulating skirt
US5050362A (en) * 1989-01-19 1991-09-24 Polygal Constructional panels
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US6658808B1 (en) * 1999-08-09 2003-12-09 Scae Associates Interlocking building module system
US7703248B2 (en) * 2001-10-12 2010-04-27 Burak Dincel Hollow interconnecting panels as lost formwork
US20070163193A1 (en) * 2003-08-20 2007-07-19 Great Dane Limited Partnership Liner Panel Having Barrier Layer

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2012087096A1 (en) * 2010-12-21 2012-06-28 Intempo Sistemas Constructivos S.A. De C.V. Modular system of thermoplastic structural elements and panels for prefabricated buildings
WO2012139153A1 (en) 2011-04-11 2012-10-18 Burak Dincel A building element for a structural building panel
EP2697443A1 (en) * 2011-04-11 2014-02-19 Burak Dincel A building element for a structural building panel
EP2697443A4 (en) * 2011-04-11 2014-09-10 Burak Dincel A building element for a structural building panel
US9091061B2 (en) 2011-04-11 2015-07-28 Burak Dincel Building element for a structural building panel
US20130192155A1 (en) * 2012-01-30 2013-08-01 Yvan Bergeron Load bearing wall system
US8640410B2 (en) * 2012-01-30 2014-02-04 Yvan Bergeron Load bearing wall system
US9540800B2 (en) * 2012-11-08 2017-01-10 Wallclick Sistemas Construtivos Ltda. Set of profile sections for the construction of walls, panels and angle sections in thermoplastic
FR3011863A1 (en) * 2013-10-16 2015-04-17 Destouches L Prefabricated construction device
EP3066271A4 (en) * 2013-11-07 2017-04-26 CSR Building Products Ltd Building component
CN105705711A (en) * 2013-11-07 2016-06-22 Csr建筑产品有限公司 Building component
US10287773B2 (en) * 2014-06-16 2019-05-14 Steadiform Holdings Pty Ltd. Formwork
WO2016065373A1 (en) * 2014-10-21 2016-04-28 Venture Holdings B .V. A modular building unit, system and method
US10041243B2 (en) 2014-10-21 2018-08-07 Venture Holdings B.V. Modular building unit, system and method
WO2016164998A1 (en) * 2015-04-15 2016-10-20 Noé Rogério Saad Improvements to a building system of extruded and co-extruded modular pvc profiles for forming walls
US20170081859A1 (en) * 2015-09-22 2017-03-23 Cing-Star Co., Ltd. Slidable constructing plate
WO2018197647A1 (en) * 2017-04-28 2018-11-01 GRUNDLAND FARACE, Eduardo Alberto Interlocking construction block
WO2019071300A1 (en) * 2017-10-10 2019-04-18 Csr Building Products Limited Formwork system
FR3079856A1 (en) * 2018-04-09 2019-10-11 L. Destouches Prefabricated construction device, its placement and use
EP3553244A1 (en) * 2018-04-09 2019-10-16 L. Destouches Prefabricated building device, installation and use thereof

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Publication number Publication date
CA2654992A1 (en) 2010-08-20
CA2654992C (en) 2011-08-23

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