US20100212190A1 - Cleat for a shoe, shoe sole have such a cleat, and shoe - Google Patents

Cleat for a shoe, shoe sole have such a cleat, and shoe Download PDF

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Publication number
US20100212190A1
US20100212190A1 US12/597,365 US59736508A US2010212190A1 US 20100212190 A1 US20100212190 A1 US 20100212190A1 US 59736508 A US59736508 A US 59736508A US 2010212190 A1 US2010212190 A1 US 2010212190A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
cleat
sole
base body
shoe
according
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12/597,365
Inventor
Peter Schmid
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Puma SE
Original Assignee
Puma AG Rudolf Dassler Sport
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE102007005881.0 priority Critical
Priority to DE202007005881U priority patent/DE202007005881U1/en
Application filed by Puma AG Rudolf Dassler Sport filed Critical Puma AG Rudolf Dassler Sport
Priority to PCT/EP2008/000167 priority patent/WO2008128587A1/en
Assigned to PUMA AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT RUDOLF DASSLER SPORT, DE reassignment PUMA AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT RUDOLF DASSLER SPORT, DE ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: SCHMID, PETER
Publication of US20100212190A1 publication Critical patent/US20100212190A1/en
Assigned to Puma SE reassignment Puma SE ASSET TRANSFER Assignors: PUMA AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT RUDOLF DASSLER SPORT
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B5/00Footwear for sporting purposes
    • A43B5/001Golf shoes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43CFASTENINGS OR ATTACHMENTS OF FOOTWEAR; LACES IN GENERAL
    • A43C15/00Non-skid devices or attachments
    • A43C15/16Studs or cleats for football or like boots
    • A43C15/161Studs or cleats for football or like boots characterised by the attachment to the sole
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43CFASTENINGS OR ATTACHMENTS OF FOOTWEAR; LACES IN GENERAL
    • A43C15/00Non-skid devices or attachments
    • A43C15/16Studs or cleats for football or like boots
    • A43C15/162Studs or cleats for football or like boots characterised by the shape

Abstract

The invention relates to a cleat (1) for a shoe, especially for a golf shoe, which cleat can be attached to the bottom side (2) of a sole (3). To improve the grip of the shoe at the ground especially when playing golf the invention is characterized in that the cleat (1) has a cleat base body (4) which can be connected with the sole (3) and that at least one extension (5) is arranged at the cleat base body (4) which extends to the ground, wherein the vertical projected area (AF) of the end of the extension (5) which is facing the ground is arranged at least partially, preferably completely, outside of the vertical projected area (AG) of the cleat base body (4). Furthermore, the invention relates to a shoe sole with such a cleat as well as to a shoe.

Description

  • The invention relates to a cleat for a shoe, especially for a golf shoe, which cleat can be attached to the bottom side of a sole. Furthermore, the invention relates to a shoe sole with such a cleat as well as to a shoe with such a sole.
  • Shoes having cleats are well known in the state of the art. Here, not only cleats which are rotationally symmetric are used which is the usual application. Also, the cleats which are fixed at the bottom side of a shoe sole can have asymmetric forms.
  • WO 00/15068 A1 shows cleats which are anchored at the bottom side of a shoe sole, wherein the cleats are substantially triangular in a vertical projection, amongst others. FR 2 818 876 A1 shows cleats having an elongated shape.
  • Here, the cleats extend mostly in vertical direction with their longitudinal axis, i. e. perpendicular to the surface of the sole.
  • DE 30 32 268 A1 shows cleats which are also arranged angular (in the side area of the sole), i. e. they are directed to the side. A similar solution shows DE 28 28 561 A1.
  • For some applications it is desirable that the basic effect of the cleat shoe remains in force but that a specific resistance in a defined direction is established against slipping of the foot on the ground to the side. A typical example is a golf shoe which must have a specific grip on the ground and especially on grass due to the kinetics during a hit with a golf club.
  • Thus, it is an object of the invention to propose a cleat, a sole supplied with such a cleat and a shoe supplied with the sole, especially a golf shoe, which is characterized by an improved grip on the ground, wherein the specific kinetics of golf should be taken into account. The forces which occur here should be transmitted selectively into the required directions to provide an optimal hold for the foot of the golf player on the ground. Furthermore, it is aimed that such a cleat shoe can be produced in an especial economical way.
  • The solution of this object by the invention is characterized in that the cleat has a cleat base body which can be connected with the sole and that at least one extension is arranged at the cleat base body which extends to the ground, wherein the vertical projected area of the end of the extension which is facing the ground is arranged at least partially, preferably completely, outside of the vertical projected area of the cleat base body.
  • Thus, it can be said that at the cleat base body at least one extension is arranged, which extends to the ground, wherein the extension leaves the vertical projected area of the cleat base body with its end which is facing the ground. Thus, the proposed cleat is characterized by the fact that beside the cleat base body as such an extension is arranged having a defined alignment, wherein the extension leaves the vertical projected area of the cleat base body, so that a specifically good side hold of the cleat at the ground is established.
  • Preferably, the extension has an elongated shape with a longitudinal axis. The longitudinal axis of the extension and the vertical direction include preferably an angle between 20° and 60°, specifically an angle between 30° and 50°.
  • According to an embodiment the extension has a substantially rectangular shape at least in sections in a cross section perpendicular to its longitudinal axis.
  • The cleat base body and the at least one extension are preferably formed integrally as an injection moulded part. The cleat base body and the at least one extension consist preferably of thermoplastic elastomere material on a urethane basis (TPU).
  • The cleat base body has according to a further development a substantially hemispherical shape. To make it possible to firmly fix the cleat in the sole, an embodiment of the invention suggests that the cleat base body comprises anchor elements for anchorage in the sole. These can be cylinders which extend in vertical direction and which are coated by the material of the sole. Preferably a plurality of cylinders is arranged around the circumference of the cleat base body at its end facing the sole. Preferably it is further suggested that the anchor elements are arranged at a disk which in turn is connected with the cleat base body.
  • For a specific economical production a further preferred development suggests that the cleat is part of a cleat element which has a carrier plate on which at least two cleats are arranged.
  • There, the at least two cleats and the carrier plate are preferably formed integrally as an injection moulded part.
  • A specifically beneficial embodiment of the cleat element, by which an easy and fast and thus economic implementation of a shoe sole with cleats becomes possible, is characterized in that three cleats are arranged on the carrier plate; there, the carrier plate has preferably but not mandatory the shape of an equilateral triangle.
  • Furthermore, the carrier plate can have a recess which is arranged between the cleats.
  • The extensions of the different cleats on the carrier plate can all be directed in the same direction; they can also be directed in different directions.
  • The proposed shoe sole has at least one cleat of the mentioned kind. There, it is preferably proposed that at least two cleats are arranged on the sole, wherein the extensions of the at least two cleats are directed in at least two different directions.
  • If the beneficial embodiment with the cleat elements (with several cleats per element) is used it can be provided that the carrier plate is glued on the sole base body. An alternative to this solution suggests that the carrier plate is fixed on the sole base body by welding. A further and very beneficial, because economical, embodiment suggests that the carrier plate is coated by the material of the sole by an injection moulding process.
  • An alternative embodiment suggests that the cleats at the carrier plate and/or the carrier plate at the sole are arranged detachably, for example and preferably by means of a screw connection. By doing so a substitution of unusable cleats and cleat elements respectively becomes possible.
  • The invention is used with specific advantages for a golf shoe.
  • The material of the cleat and especially for its extension is preferably chosen and the extension is dimensioned in such a way that its deformation under load of the wearer of the shoe remains small, so that the extension finds a hold in the ground as good as possible by penetration into the ground.
  • In the drawing an embodiment of the invention is shown.
  • FIG. 1 shows a side view of a cleat, which is anchored in a sole,
  • FIG. 2 shows a perspective view of the cleat according to FIG. 1,
  • FIG. 3 shows the cross section A-B according to FIG. 1,
  • FIG. 4 shows the top plan view of the bottom side of a sole of a golf shoe, which is supplied with a plurality of cleats,
  • FIG. 5 shows a perspective view of a cleat element with three cleats,
  • FIG. 6 shows the top plan view of the bottom side of a sole of a golf shoe, which is here supplied with a plurality of cleat elements according to FIG. 5,
  • FIG. 7 shows the top plan view of a cleat element with three cleats according to a first embodiment and
  • FIG. 8 shows the top plan view of a cleat element with three cleats according to an alternative second embodiment.
  • In FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 a cleat 1 is depicted, which is anchored at the bottom side 2 of a sole 3 of a shoe. The cleat 1 has a cleat base body 4 which has a substantially hemispherical shape. If the cleat base body 4 is regarded—see FIG. 1—it can be observed that it defines a projected area AG, which becomes apparent when regarded from vertical direction V; this is circular shaped in the embodiment.
  • The safe anchoring of the cleat 1 in the sole 3 is effected by a plurality of anchor elements 6. These are implemented as substantial cylindrical pins, which extend in vertical direction V and which are coated by injection moulding during the production of the shoe and the sole respectively. A clear abutment of the cleat 1 at the sole 3 is accomplished by a disk 13, which bears the anchor elements 6 and is connected in turn with the cleat base body 4. The cleat base body 4, the disk 13 and the anchor elements 6 are made as an integrated part.
  • It is important, that at the cleat base body 4 at least one extension 5 is arranged which extends toward the ground. Thereby, the extension 5 leaves with its end which is facing the ground—as can be seen best in FIG. 1—the vertical projected area AG of the cleat base body 4. I. e. the vertical projected area AF of the end of the extension 5 facing the ground (which is rectangular in the embodiment) lies at least partially, preferably completely (as shown in the embodiment) outside the vertical projected area AG of the cleat base body 4.
  • There, the extension 5 is rod-shaped, so that a longitudinal axis L is defined, along which the extension 5 extends. This longitudinal axis L and the vertical direction include an angle α, which is approximately 40° in the embodiment.
  • As can be seen in FIG. 3 the extension has a substantial rectangular cross section (see cross section A-B according to FIG. 1).
  • With the proposed design it becomes possible to establish in addition to the known cleat-effect—caused by the cleat base body 4—a specific side hold of the cleat 1 at the ground, what is established by the extension 5.
  • In this regard a possible embodiment is shown for a golf shoe in FIG. 4. Here, the sole 3 of the golf shoe can be seen from the bottom side, on which a plurality of cleats 1 is fixed.
  • Each cleat 1 has an extension 5, which extends as shown in FIG. 1. The projection on the ground delivers the alignment of the extension 5, which can be seen in FIG. 4. It can be seen that the extensions 5 are aligned in a different manner, i. e. they are directed to different sides. Namely it can be seen, that an angle β can be defined which is included between the projection of the extension 5 on the ground and the longitudinal axis R of the shoe. This is marked for the middle sole region in FIG. 4 for three cleats 1.
  • In the embodiment according to FIG. 4 it is provided that at least one of the shoes of a pair of shoes is supplied with cleats 1 along an imaginary band 7, which extends across the width of the sole 3 from the sole inner side 8 to the sole outer side 9.
  • Its extension 5 in the outer sole region 10 is arranged under an angle βA between 60° and 135° to the longitudinal axis R of the shoe to the outer side. In the middle sole region 11 the extension 5 is aligned under an angle βM between 135° and 225° to the longitudinal axis R of the shoe rearwards. Finally, in the inner sole region 12 the extension 5 is aligned under an angle βI between 90° and 180° to the longitudinal axis R of the shoe to the inner side.
  • Thereby, the imaginary band 7 extends from the sole outer side 9 under an angle γ between 30° and 90°, preferably between 40° and 50°, to the longitudinal axis R of the shoe in the direction to the sole inner side 8. Furthermore, the imaginary band 7 begins at the sole outer side 9 approximately in the middle between the front and rear end of the sole 3. As can be seen, four till six cleats 1 are arranged side by side along the imaginary band 7.
  • The adjustment of the cleats 1 in the explained manner has the advantage, that the forces due to the kinetics during the hit of a golf ball, which must be transmitted via the shoe to the ground, can be transferred in an optimal way. So, especially when playing golf an improved hold of the shoe at the ground is established.
  • The adjustment of the cleats 1 in the explained manner takes into account that during the hit of a ball with a golf club along the process of the hit forces must be transferred in different manner from the golf club via the player and his legs to the ground. When using the alignment of the cleats 1 with its extensions 5 especially within the imaginary band 7 optimal results are achieved in this regard.
  • In the embodiments in each case only a single extension 5 is arranged at the cleat base body 4. But also two or three extensions 5 can be provided which then extend star-shaped to one side direction of the cleat 1.
  • The two soles of a pair of shoes must not necessarily be equipped with cleats in a mirrored way. It can also be reasonable that the two shoes are equipped with cleats in different manner.
  • To equip the sole of the shoe in an easy and economical way with cleats in the described manner, the invention furthermore suggests a solution as can be seen in FIGS. 5 till 8.
  • In FIG. 5 a cleat element 14 is depicted which can be manufactured as a separate part, before it is connected with the sole 3. Here, the cleat element 14 has three cleats 1 which have respective extensions 5. The cleats 1 are connected with a carrier plate 15, i. e. presently cleats 1 and carrier plate 15 are produced by a common injection moulding process.
  • To save weight and material the solution according to FIG. 5 provides that the carrier plate 15 has a recess 16.
  • As can be seen from FIG. 6 the sole 3 is supplied with a number—here: six—of cleat elements 14, wherein it is possible that beside them also single cleats 1 are arranged at the sole 3.
  • FIGS. 7 and 8 show variants of the design of the cleat elements 14. The cleat elements 14 are supplied with three cleats 1 respectively. In FIG. 7 it can be seen that the extensions 5 are all directed to the same direction. According to FIG. 8 this is not the case; here, the extensions 5 are directed in different directions.
  • REFERENCE NUMERALS
    • 1 Cleat
    • 2 Bottom side
    • 3 Sole
    • 4 Cleat base body
    • 5 Extension
    • 6 Anchor element
    • 7 Imaginary band
    • 8 Sole inner side
    • 9 Sole outer side
    • 10 Outer sole region
    • 11 Middle sole region
    • 12 Inner sole region
    • 13 Disk
    • 14 Cleat element
    • 15 Carrier plate
    • 16 Recess
    • AG Vertical projected area of the cleat base body
    • AF Vertical projected area of the end of the extension
    • L Longitudinal axis
    • α Angle
    • V Vertical direction
    • R Longitudinal axis of the shoe
    • βA Angle
    • βM Angle
    • βI Angle
    • γ Angle

Claims (16)

1-25. (canceled)
26. Cleat for a shoe, which cleat can be attached to the bottom side of a sole, wherein the cleat has a cleat base body which can be connected with the sole, wherein an extension is arranged at the cleat base body which extends to the ground and wherein the vertical projected area of the end of the extension which is facing the ground is arranged at least partially, preferably completely, outside of the vertical projected area of the cleat base body,
characterized in that
the cleat base body has a substantially hemispherical shape, wherein a single extension extends from the cleat base body to the ground.
27. The cleat according to claim 26, wherein the extension has an elongated shape with a longitudinal axis.
28. The cleat according to claim 27, wherein the longitudinal axis of the extension and the vertical direction include an angle between 20° and 60°.
29. The cleat according to claim 26, wherein the extension has a substantially rectangular shape at least in sections in a cross section perpendicular to its longitudinal axis.
30. The cleat according to claim 26, wherein the cleat base body and the extension are formed integrally as an injection moulded part.
31. The cleat according to claim 26, wherein the cleat base body comprises anchor elements for anchorage in the sole.
32. The cleat according to claim 31, wherein the anchor elements are cylinders which extend in vertical direction and which are coated by the material of the sole, wherein the anchor elements are preferably arranged at a disk which in turn is connected with the cleat base body.
33. The cleat according to claim 26, wherein it is part of a cleat element which has a carrier plate on which at least two cleats are arranged.
34. The cleat according to claim 33, wherein the at least two cleats and the carrier plate are formed integrally as an injection moulded part.
35. The cleat according to claim 33, wherein three cleats are arranged on the carrier plate, wherein the carrier plate has the shape of a preferably equilateral triangle.
36. The cleat according to claim 33, wherein the carrier plate has a recess which is arranged between the cleats.
37. The shoe sole with at least one cleat according to claim 26.
38. The shoe sole according to claim 37, wherein the carrier plate is glued on the sole base body, that the carrier plate is fixed on the sole base body by welding or that the carrier plate is coated by the material of the sole by an injection moulding process.
39. The shoe sole according to claim 37, wherein the carrier plate is detachably arranged at the or on the sole base body, especially by means of a screw connection.
40. A golf shoe, with a sole according to claim 37.
US12/597,365 2007-04-24 2008-01-11 Cleat for a shoe, shoe sole have such a cleat, and shoe Abandoned US20100212190A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102007005881.0 2007-04-24
DE202007005881U DE202007005881U1 (en) 2007-04-24 2007-04-24 Studs for a shoe
PCT/EP2008/000167 WO2008128587A1 (en) 2007-04-24 2008-01-11 Cleat for a shoe, shoe sole have such a cleat, and shoe

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US20100212190A1 true US20100212190A1 (en) 2010-08-26

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US12/597,365 Abandoned US20100212190A1 (en) 2007-04-24 2008-01-11 Cleat for a shoe, shoe sole have such a cleat, and shoe
US13/796,541 Active US8863410B2 (en) 2007-04-24 2013-03-12 Cleat for a shoe, shoe sole with such a cleat and shoe

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US13/796,541 Active US8863410B2 (en) 2007-04-24 2013-03-12 Cleat for a shoe, shoe sole with such a cleat and shoe

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US (2) US20100212190A1 (en)
EP (1) EP2142031B1 (en)
JP (1) JP5309130B2 (en)
KR (1) KR101474709B1 (en)
CN (1) CN101677655B (en)
AT (1) AT537724T (en)
DE (1) DE202007005881U1 (en)
WO (1) WO2008128587A1 (en)

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US8529267B2 (en) 2010-11-01 2013-09-10 Nike, Inc. Integrated training system for articles of footwear
US8533979B2 (en) 2010-02-18 2013-09-17 Nike, Inc. Self-adjusting studs
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US8573981B2 (en) 2009-05-29 2013-11-05 Nike, Inc. Training system for an article of footwear with a ball control portion
US8584380B2 (en) 2010-02-23 2013-11-19 Nike, Inc. Self-adjusting studs
US8616892B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2013-12-31 Nike, Inc. Training system for an article of footwear with a traction system
US8632342B2 (en) 2009-05-28 2014-01-21 Nike, Inc. Training system for an article of footwear
US8656610B2 (en) 2008-09-26 2014-02-25 Nike, Inc. Articles with retractable traction elements
US8656611B2 (en) 2008-09-26 2014-02-25 Nike, Inc. Articles with retractable traction elements
US8713819B2 (en) 2011-01-19 2014-05-06 Nike, Inc. Composite sole structure
US8806779B2 (en) 2011-09-16 2014-08-19 Nike, Inc. Shaped support features for footwear ground-engaging members
US8966787B2 (en) 2011-09-16 2015-03-03 Nike, Inc. Orientations for footwear ground-engaging member support features
US9032645B2 (en) 2012-07-30 2015-05-19 Nike, Inc. Support features for footwear ground engaging members
US9138027B2 (en) 2011-09-16 2015-09-22 Nike, Inc. Spacing for footwear ground-engaging member support features
US9210967B2 (en) 2010-08-13 2015-12-15 Nike, Inc. Sole structure with traction elements
US9220320B2 (en) 2011-09-16 2015-12-29 Nike, Inc. Sole arrangement with ground-engaging member support features
US9420851B2 (en) 2013-12-31 2016-08-23 Nike, Inc. Footwear having lace receiving strands
US9468251B2 (en) 2012-05-30 2016-10-18 Nike, Inc. Sole assembly including a central support structure for an article of footwear
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JP2013208138A (en) * 2012-03-30 2013-10-10 Dunlop Sports Co Ltd Golf shoe
JP6109331B2 (en) * 2012-12-18 2017-04-05 プライド マニュファクチャリング カンパニー, エルエルシー Traction cleat and receptacle
CN108260885A (en) 2013-01-22 2018-07-10 耐克创新有限合伙公司 Cleated footwear
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US20130185960A1 (en) 2013-07-25
DE202007005881U1 (en) 2008-08-28
KR101474709B1 (en) 2014-12-19
JP2010524602A (en) 2010-07-22
EP2142031B1 (en) 2011-12-21
KR20100017256A (en) 2010-02-16
AT537724T (en) 2012-01-15
US8863410B2 (en) 2014-10-21
EP2142031A1 (en) 2010-01-13

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