US20100169559A1 - Removable Mother/Daughter Peripheral Card - Google Patents

Removable Mother/Daughter Peripheral Card Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20100169559A1
US20100169559A1 US12723491 US72349110A US2010169559A1 US 20100169559 A1 US20100169559 A1 US 20100169559A1 US 12723491 US12723491 US 12723491 US 72349110 A US72349110 A US 72349110A US 2010169559 A1 US2010169559 A1 US 2010169559A1
Authority
US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
card
daughter
memory
mother
host
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12723491
Inventor
Eliyahou Harari
Daniel C. Guterman
Robert F. Wallace
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SanDisk Technologies LLC
Original Assignee
Eliyahou Harari
Guterman Daniel C
Wallace Robert F
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F13/00Interconnection of, or transfer of information or other signals between, memories, input/output devices or central processing units
    • G06F13/38Information transfer, e.g. on bus
    • G06F13/40Bus structure
    • G06F13/4063Device-to-bus coupling
    • G06F13/4068Electrical coupling
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K19/00Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings
    • G06K19/06Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings characterised by the kind of the digital marking, e.g. shape, nature, code
    • G06K19/067Record carriers with conductive marks, printed circuits or semiconductor circuit elements, e.g. credit or identity cards also with resonating or responding marks without active components
    • G06K19/07Record carriers with conductive marks, printed circuits or semiconductor circuit elements, e.g. credit or identity cards also with resonating or responding marks without active components with integrated circuit chips
    • G06K19/077Constructional details, e.g. mounting of circuits in the carrier
    • G06K19/07737Constructional details, e.g. mounting of circuits in the carrier the record carrier consisting of two or more mechanically separable parts
    • G06K19/07741Constructional details, e.g. mounting of circuits in the carrier the record carrier consisting of two or more mechanically separable parts comprising a first part operating as a regular record carrier and a second attachable part that changes the functional appearance of said record carrier, e.g. a contact-based smart card with an adapter part which, when attached to the contact card makes the contact card function as a non-contact card
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K5/00Casings, cabinets or drawers for electric apparatus
    • H05K5/02Details
    • H05K5/0256Details of interchangeable modules or receptacles therefor, e.g. cartridge mechanisms
    • H05K5/026Details of interchangeable modules or receptacles therefor, e.g. cartridge mechanisms having standardized interfaces
    • H05K5/0265Details of interchangeable modules or receptacles therefor, e.g. cartridge mechanisms having standardized interfaces of PCMCIA type
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K5/00Casings, cabinets or drawers for electric apparatus
    • H05K5/02Details
    • H05K5/0256Details of interchangeable modules or receptacles therefor, e.g. cartridge mechanisms
    • H05K5/0282Adapters for connecting cards having a first standard in receptacles having a second standard

Abstract

A peripheral card having a Personal Computer (“PC”) card form factor and removably coupled externally to a host system is further partitioned into a mother card portion and a daughter card portion. The daughter card is removably coupled to the mother card. In the preferred embodiment, a low cost flash “floppy” is accomplished with the daughter card containing only flash EEPROM chips and being controlled by a memory controller residing on the mother card. Other aspects of the invention includes a comprehensive controller on the mother card able to control a predefined set of peripherals on daughter cards connectable to the mother card; relocation of some host resident hardware to the mother card to allow for a minimal host system; a mother card that can accommodate multiple daughter cards; daughter cards that also operates directly with hosts having embedded controllers; daughter cards carrying encoded data and information for decoding it; and daughter cards with security features.

Description

    CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • [0001]
    This application is a continuation of application Ser. No. 11/463,150, filed Aug. 8, 2006, which is a divisional of application Ser. No. 10/050,429, filed May 15, 2002, which in turn is a continuation of application Ser. No. 09/887,197, filed Jun. 21, 2001, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,381,662, which in turn is a continuation of application Ser. No. 09/241,222, filed Feb. 1, 1999, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,266,724, which in turn is a continuation of application Ser. No. 08/781,539, filed Jan. 9, 1997, now U.S. Pat. No. 5,887,145, which in turn is a continuation of application Ser. No. 08/462,642, filed Jun. 5, 1995, now abandoned, which in turn is a continuation of application Ser. No. 08/398,856, filed Mar. 6, 1995, now abandoned, which in turn is a continuation of application Ser. No. 08/151,292, filed Nov. 12, 1993, now abandoned, which in turn is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 08/115,428, filed Sep. 1, 1993, now abandoned, which applications are incorporated herein in their entirety by this reference.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0002]
    This invention relates generally to host computer systems and peripherals. More specifically, the peripherals have a Personal Computer (“PC”) card form factor, the card being externally and removably coupled to a host system. The invention relates to structures and configurations of such a card, particularly for implementing mass storage peripherals such as electrically erasable programmable read-only-memories (EEPROM) or Flash EEPROM system.
  • [0003]
    Computer systems typically use high speed semiconductor random access memory (RAM) for storing temporary data. However, RAM is volatile memory; that is, when power to the computer system is disconnected, data stored in RAM is lost.
  • [0004]
    For long-term, non-volatile storage, two types of memory are typically employed. One type is magnetic disk memory intended for mass storage with practically unlimited number of write operations. The other type is semiconductor memory, traditionally intended for storing a relatively small amount of data (e.g. system parameters) with no or limited number of write operations.
  • [0005]
    When mass storage is desired, magnetic disk drives, whether fixed or removable, are generally more economical and more amenable to write operations than solid-state memory. Typically, a computer system employs a combination of fixed and removable (floppy) magnetic disks. However, they are relatively slow, bulky and require high precision moving mechanical parts. Consequently, they are not rugged and are prone to reliability problems, as well as being slower and consuming significant amounts of power.
  • [0006]
    The undesirable features of magnetic disks become even more acute with the advent of portable and mobile computing. Disk drives are obstacles in the quest towards greater portability and lower power consumption of computer systems.
  • [0007]
    Non-volatile semiconductor or solid-state memories have the advantage of being speedy, light-weight and low-power. Examples are ROM, EEPROM and Flash EEPROM which retain their memory even after power is shut down. However, ROM and PROM cannot be reprogrammed. UVPROM cannot be erased electrically. EEPROM and Flash EEPROM do have the further advantage of being electrically writable (or programmable) and erasable. Traditionally, these semiconductor memories has been employed in small amount for permanent storage of certain computer system codes or system parameters that do not change.
  • [0008]
    There is currently underway an effort to apply non-volatile Flash EEPROM memory systems for mass storage applications. For example, they are intended to replace either of the existing fixed or removable floppy magnetic disk systems, or both. Such systems are disclosed in commonly assigned U.S. patent application Ser. No. 07/684,034, filed Apr. 11, 1991, COMPUTER MEMORY CARD HAVING A LARGE NUMBER OF EEPROM INTEGRATED CIRCUIT CHIPS AND MEMORY SYSTEMS WITH SUCH CARDS and Ser. No. 07/736,732 filed Jul. 26, 1991, now U.S. Pat. No. 5,430,859, COMPUTER MEMORY CARDS USING FLASH EEPROM INTEGRATED CIRCUIT CHIPS AND MEMORY-CONTROLLER SYSTEMS. Relevant portions of these disclosures are incorporated herein by reference. It is now becoming possible to fabricate a few megabytes of Flash EEPROM on a single semiconductor integrated circuit chip. As a result, several megabytes to tens of megabytes of memory can readily be packaged in a physically compact memory card, the size of an ordinary credit card.
  • [0009]
    Indeed, a series of industry “PC Card Standards” are now being promulgated by the Personal Computer Memory Card International Association (PCMCIA), Sunnyvale, Calif., U.S.A. Excerpts of the current PCMCIA Standards, Edition Release 2, dated November, 1992 are incorporated herein by reference. These standards set mechanical (Types I, II and III) and technical (Revision 1.0, 2.0) specifications for a memory card and its connection to a host.
  • [0010]
    The PCMCIA card has the form factor approximately the size of a credit card and is externally connectable to a host computer system via the PCMCIA interface. Originally, these cards were intended as memory card add-ons for portable or mobile computing systems. Soon thereafter their standards were expanded to accommodate other peripherals such as modems, network adapters, and hard disks. Thus, PCMCIA Type I card is 3.3 mm in overall outside thickness, less than 5.5 cm in width, and less than 9.0 cm in length. Types II and III have similar dimensions, except Type II card is 5 mm thick and Type III card is 10.5 mm thick. Revision 1.0 of the technical specification dated September 1990, is a memory-only standard for memory card applications. Revision 2.0, dated September 1991, is a standard with added input/output (I/O) capabilities and software support suitable for other non-memory types of peripherals.
  • [0011]
    In memory card applications, such PC cards have been commercially implemented primarily using either ROM or SRAM, with SRAM made non-volatile through backup battery. These solid-state memories operate and function under similar conditions as RAM, in that they are directly connected to the host's bus and addressable by the host's processor. Thus, similar to RAM, they can be simply added to a host computer system without additional hardware or software.
  • [0012]
    On the other hand, PC cards using EEPROM and Flash EEPROM have quite different properties and operating requirements that make their incorporation into a host computer system not as straight forward. Typically, additional hardware such as a controller and software are required to control the operations of the EEPROM or Flash EEPROM. The controller generally provides the necessary voltage conditions for the various memory operations. In more sophisticated implementations, it can communicate with a host via a standard disk drive interface, store the data under a prescribed file structure in the Flash memory (e.g. compatible with a standard disk operation system), and handle any errors that may arise.
  • [0013]
    The requirement for additional support hardware (e.g. controller) and software (e.g. microcode or firmware and drivers) in these devices poses issues of cost and inflexibility in memory configuration as well as system updating and upgrading. For example, when Flash EEPROM PC cards are used to replace magnetic floppies or other removable storage, the additional support hardware to implement the control functions may contribute significantly to the cost and other overhead of the product relative to the memory capacity they provide.
  • [0014]
    Similar considerations also apply to other types of peripherals, such as hard disks, modems and network adapters. Their support hardware and software tend to add cost, overhead and inflexibility to the final products.
  • [0015]
    Accordingly, it is a general object of the invention to provide a peripheral in the form of a PC card that can be removably connected to a host system from the external of the host system, and that is cost-effective and flexible in configuration.
  • [0016]
    It is an object of the invention to provide such a PC card with a specific type of semiconductor memory system having non-volatility, ease of erasing and rewriting, speed of access, and further being compact, light-weight, low power, low cost, reliable, and flexible in configuration.
  • [0017]
    It is another object of the invention to provide a removable memory card that is removably coupled externally to a host system via a standard interface such as a PCMCIA interface.
  • [0018]
    It is another object of the invention to provide a comprehensive PC card that is adapted for use in a number of peripheral applications.
  • [0019]
    It is a particular object of the invention to provide low cost Flash EEPROM memory cards, for example to replace floppy disks, magnetic tapes, or photographic recording films.
  • [0020]
    It is another object of the invention to provide a removable PC card that can accommodate components off-loaded from the host system in order to minimize the size and cost of the host system and to provide flexibility in system configuration.
  • [0021]
    It is yet another object of the invention to provide a removable card that can interface either directly to a host system via an interface native to the card or indirectly via a standard interface to the host system.
  • [0022]
    It is yet another object of the invention to provide a removable card that stores encoded data that can be decoded when the card is relocated from one host system to another.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0023]
    These and additional objects are accomplished by the various aspects of the present invention, either alone or in combination, the primary aspects being briefly summarized as below.
  • [0024]
    The externally removable PC card is constituted from a mother card portion and a daughter card portion. The daughter card portion is removably coupled mechanically and electrically to the mother card by Means of a mother/daughter interface. The mother card portion can be removably coupled to a host system externally by means of a standard interface that provides both mechanical and electrical connection. In operation, the mother card portion and the daughter card portion are coupled by the mother/daughter interface to form an integral PC card, and the integral PC card is removably coupled to the host system.
  • [0025]
    Partitioning the externally removable PC card into a mother card and daughter card portion allows the functional components of a peripheral implemented on a PC card to be advantageously partitioned.
  • [0026]
    According to one aspect of the invention, the peripheral implemented on the PC card is a flash EEPROM system, comprising flash EEPROM chips and supporting hardware circuits that form a controller for controlling the operations of the flash EEPROM and for interfacing to the host system. The flash EEPROM system is partitioned such that the controller resides on the mother card and the flash EEPROM chips reside on the daughter card.
  • [0027]
    In this way, a more cost-effective memory system is possible, especially in applications where magnetic floppy disks are to be replaced. This is because each daughter card containing only flash EEPROM acts essentially like a semiconductor flash EEPROM “floppy disk”, and need not have a controller on it. The one controller on the mother card can then serve any number of these flash EEPROM “floppy disks”. The cost of each flash EEPROM “floppy disk” is therefore significantly reduced by elimination of the controller on the “floppy disk” itself. The other advantage is an increase in system flexibility. The user can add or decrease memory capacity by choosing among daughter cards with various amount of installed memory chips. Also, with each update or upgrade of the controller, only the mother card need be replaced, the daughter card “floppy disk” being fully usable with the new mother card.
  • [0028]
    According to another aspect of the invention, a PC card is implemented with a comprehensive mother card portion containing the common functional components of a number of peripherals. Each peripheral then has the rest of the functional components residing on a daughter card. For example, a magnetic hard disk, a modem, and a network adapter all have common functional components similar to that of a flash EEPROM system, such as a host interface, a processor, and a ROM. By moving these common functional components to a comprehensive mother card, each individual peripheral will have less components on the daughter card, thereby reducing cost.
  • [0029]
    According to another aspect of the invention, some of the hardware originally residing in the host system is relocated to the mother card. One example of such a hardware is system memory (DRAM, SRAM, or flash) or even the host microprocessor. The relocation is advantageous because most small palmtop/notebook computers will not have sufficient room (i.e. Motherboard space) to include a lot of system memory. Furthermore, these units are too small for users to open up and upgrade with memory SIMM modules. Also, most manufacturers prefer to ship out the lowest cost base unit with minimum memory. This can be accomplished by using the Mother/daughter PC card, with the mother card carrying the controller and main memory (capacities can be e.g. 0.5 MB, 1 MB, 2 MB, 4 MB, 8 MB, etc.), and the daughter card carrying either flash memory “floppy drive” or a small form factor magnetic hard disk (e.g. just the head, disk and motor assembly portions of a 1.8″ or 1.3″ hard disk without its controller logic), or a microfloppy, or even a miniature tape backup drive. Essentially, the Mother/daughter PC card contains all the memory requirements of the host system, i.e. the palmtop/notebook computer, which will free up precious space on the computer motherboard.
  • [0030]
    According to another aspect of the invention, the mother card is adapted to removably receive a plurality of daughter cards. In this case, more than one mother/daughter connector may be provided on the mother card for removably receiving a plurality of daughter cards. The same controller on the mother card controls and services any number of daughter cards that are coupled to it. In one embodiment where the daughter cards are flash EEPROM, they are all controlled by the same controller on the mother card. This is similar to having a multiple floppy drive capability. In another embodiment where the daughter cards are a mixture of peripherals, such as flash memory and a modem or other communication peripherals such as LAN adapter, or wireless fax modem. The same controller acts as a coprocessor or a sub-host system services the mixture of peripherals coupled to it. For example, the controller can receive fax data through a fax modem daughter card and store it in a flash memory daughter card.
  • [0031]
    According to another aspect of the invention, the removable daughter card has the option of working with a host system in conjunction with a mother card externally coupled to the host system. The mother card serves to furnish support components, such as a comprehensive controller and optional functional components, necessary for the operation of the peripheral device implemented on the daughter card. At the same time, it adapts the native interface of the daughter card to the standard interface of the host system. At the same time, the daughter card has the option of working directly with a host system via the native interface of the daughter card if the support components are built into the host system.
  • [0032]
    In this manner, a comprehensive, removable daughter card functions with a host system either directly when the host system is customized with the support components or indirectly via a mother card having the support components thereon, the mother card being connectable to the host system via a standard interface. This provides flexibility and system compatibility on the one hand and economy and convenience on the other.
  • [0033]
    According to another aspect of the invention, when the support components includes data encoding and decoding processing functions such as compression and decompression, encryption and decryption, the key or algorithm for recovering the data is stored with the daughter card. In this way, irrespectively of how the data is encoded by one host system, when the daughter card is relocated to another host, the information for decoding it is always available.
  • [0034]
    According to another aspect of the invention, the removable daughter card has identifying data that is readable by the mother card or the host system coupled thereto. The identifying data includes information that identifies what type of peripheral device is implemented on the daughter card. In another embodiment, the identifying data includes an identity code assignable to the daughter card for operational expediency and security applications. The device type identification allows the support components such as a comprehensive controller as well as the host system to configure and adapt accordingly. It further provides a form of acknowledge signal in a connection protocol for the native interface of the daughter card. The unique identity code provides a basis for matching each removable daughter card to a specific host system or mother card, for managerial or security reasons.
  • [0035]
    Additional objects, features and advantages of the present invention will be understood from the following description of the preferred embodiments, which description should be taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0036]
    FIG. 1 is a schematic representation of the mother/daughter PC card that can be removably coupled externally to a host system, according to a general aspect of the invention;
  • [0037]
    FIG. 2A illustrates, according to one embodiment, a mother card having an integral back-to-back connector with one side serving as the standard connector and the other side being the native interface connector;
  • [0038]
    FIG. 2B is a partial cross-sectional view of the mother card along the line 2B-2B shown in FIG. 2A;
  • [0039]
    FIG. 3 illustrates a partitioning of the functional components of a flash EEPROM system between the mother card and the daughter card;
  • [0040]
    FIG. 4 is a system block diagram illustrating in more detail the functional components of a flash EEPROM system and related data and control paths, according to a preferred embodiment;
  • [0041]
    FIG. 5A illustrates schematically an integrated controller on the mother card for controlling a variety of peripherals on daughter cards that may be connected to it;
  • [0042]
    FIG. 5B illustrates a comprehensive mother card with additional functionalities provided by one or more functional modules;
  • [0043]
    FIG. 6 illustrates schematically the relocation of host “main memory” onto the mother card;
  • [0044]
    FIG. 7 is a system block diagram illustrating the memory partition and related data and control paths among a host, mother card and daughter card;
  • [0045]
    FIG. 8A is an exploded view showing the mother card removably connectable to a daughter card, according to one aspect of the invention;
  • [0046]
    FIG. 8B is an exploded view showing the mother card removably connectable to a plurality of daughter cards, according to another aspect of the invention;
  • [0047]
    FIG. 9 illustrates a removable daughter card that can interface either directly to a host system via an interface native to the daughter card or indirectly via a mother card removably coupled to a standard interface of the host system;
  • [0048]
    FIG. 10 illustrates a host system having both an interface native to the daughter card for receiving the daughter card directly, and a standard interface for receiving the daughter card via a mother card; and
  • [0049]
    FIG. 11 illustrates schematically a removable daughter card containing identifying data.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Semiconductor “Floppies”
  • [0050]
    There are applications where a very low cost memory card is required, for example to replace floppy disks or tape or film. At the same time it is important that the memory card preserve the PCMCIA standard interface to the host system. The present invention is to integrate a memory controller chipset on the memory card in a configuration that minimizes cost and provides maximum flexibility. To reduce the cost of the memory card to meet the cost requirements of a floppy card, it is necessary to either integrate the controller chips with the memory chip, which require greater simplification of the control functionality, or performing most of the control functions by the host CPU which makes this approach host dependent. To solve this problem a lower cost approach is proposed in which the memory card is made up of a mother card and a daughter card.
  • [0051]
    FIG. 1 is a schematic representation of the mother/daughter PC card 100 that can be removably coupled externally to a host system 200, according to a general aspect of the invention.
  • [0052]
    The PC card 100 comprises a mother card portion 10 and a daughter card portion 20. The mother card portion 10 is a PCMCIA form-factor PC card with the standard 68-pin connector 12 on one side and a native interface connector 14 (typically less than 68 pins) on the other side. The mother card 10 can be removably connected to the host system 200 by plugging the connector 12 to a connector 212 of the host system.
  • [0053]
    The daughter card 10 has an edge connector 24 and it directly plugs into the mother card by mating with the connector 14 on the mother card.
  • [0054]
    FIG. 2A illustrates, according to one embodiment, a mother card 10 having an integral, back-to-back, connector 16 with one side serving as the standard connector 12 and the other side being the native interface connector 14. The integral connector 16 is formed in one step to reduce the cost of manufacturing. A PC board 18 provides a platform for mounting the integral connector 16 and mother card circuitry 19.
  • [0055]
    FIG. 2B is a partial cross-sectional view of the mother card along the line 2B-2B shown in FIG. 2A. The PC board and the mounted mother card circuitry 19 such as a controller chipset take up about half of the mother card's thickness. This leaves the other half for the integral connector 16 and an inlay 21 for a daughter card to dock in. The integral connector 16 is mounted on the back side to one edge of the PC board 18. A daughter card can removably dock into the inlay 21.
  • [0056]
    FIG. 3 illustrates a preferred partitioning of the functional components of a flash EEPROM system between the mother card and the daughter card. As discussed earlier, a flash EEPROM system typically requires additional hardware such as processor-based circuits forming a memory controller with software to control the operations of the Flash EEPROM.
  • [0057]
    The daughter card 20 contains essentially flash EEPROM memory chip(s) 30 and associated decoupling capacitors. The daughter card is preferably a low cost molded card for mounting the flash EEPROM chips. The edge connector 24 has a minimum of pin-count since communication with a peripheral is normally in serial form.
  • [0058]
    The mother card 10 contains a memory controller 40 but does not contain any substantial amount of flash EEPROM mass storage. Preferred memory controllers are disclosed in commonly assigned U.S. patent applications, FLASH EEPROM SYSTEM, Ser. No. 07/963,837, filed Oct. 20, 1992, and DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING SOLID-STATE MEMORY SYSTEM, Ser. No. 07/736,733, filed Jul. 26, 1991, now U.S. Pat. No. 5,430,859. Relevant portions of both disclosures are incorporated herein by reference.
  • [0059]
    The controller 40 is typically composed of functional components such as a processor 50, driven by microcodes stored in a ROM 52. The small amount of ROM 52 could also be replaced by other types of non-volatile memory such as EEPROM or flash EEPROM. The controller interfaces with the host system via a host interface 54, and with the flash memory via a memory interface 56. In the preferred embodiment, the host interface 54 communicates with the host system 200 in accordance with the PCMCIA specifications or any other standard card interface. The controller may also include other functional components such as a power converter 58 for providing the necessary voltage conditions for the various memory operations. The functional components are interlinked by an internal bus (not shown in FIG. 3). In practice, these functional components are implemented as a controller chipset.
  • [0060]
    FIG. 4 is a system block diagram illustrating in more detail the functional components of a flash EEPROM system and related data and control paths, according to a preferred embodiment. The controller 40 is a flash system controller on a mother card and controls flash memory on a daughter card. The flash system controller 40 interfaces with the host by means of the host interface 54 via the host connector 12. The host interface 54 typically includes a buffer memory for buffering data between the host and the peripheral. In one embodiment it may also emulate a disk drive interface, so that the flash memory system appears like a magnetic disk drive to the host. An internal bus 55 interconnects the processor 50 with the host interface 54 and the memory interface 56. The processor 50, under the program control of microcode stored in a nonvolatile store 52, controls the inter-operation of the functional components in the flash EEPROM system. The flash system controller 40 interfaces with the flash memory chips 30 on a daughter card 20 by means of a memory interface 56 via the host-daughter card connector 14. A flash controller 59 in the memory interface 56 controls the specific operations of the flash memory 30. It also controls a power converter 58 that provides voltages require to operate the flash memory. Serial communication between the flash system controller 56 on the mother card and the flash memory 30 on the daughter card requires a minimum of pins in the connectors 14 and 24.
  • Comprehensive Mother Card
  • [0061]
    The PCMCIA Mother/Daughter Card 100 is further extended according to two other aspects of the invention.
  • [0062]
    Referring to FIG. 5A, according to one aspect of the invention, the hardware placed on the mother card 10 is generalized into a comprehensive controller 41. The comprehensive controller 41 functions as a controller or an interface for a predefined set of peripheral devices implemented on daughter cards that may be connected to the host via the mother card. The comprehensive controller 41 incorporates a common set of functional components (similar to that of the memory controller 40 described in FIG. 3). This common set is common to the predefined set of peripheral devices. In this way each peripheral in the predefined set can eliminate those common functional components on each daughter card and instead access them in the comprehensive controller 41 on the mother card.
  • [0063]
    For example, the daughter card 20 may be carrying either flash memory “floppy drive” or a small form factor magnetic hard disk (e.g. just the head, disk and motor assembly portions of a 1.8″ or 1.3″ hard disk without its controller logic), or a microfloppy, or a miniature tape backup drive, or a modem or other communication peripherals. It may also be a simple ROM or RAM memory card. Thus, the daughter card may serve as a main memory for the host system, or as file memory or backup memory. These peripherals all have a number of functional components in common, and therefore these components can be relegated to the comprehensive controller 41 on the mother card, thereby reducing redundant components for the peripheral on the daughter card. Preferably, each peripheral in the predefined set has configuration and device specific information (such as format and file structure) stored in the daughter card that can be downloaded into the comprehensive controller to customize it for appropriate operation.
  • [0064]
    FIG. 5B illustrates a comprehensive mother card with additional functionalities provided by one or more functional modules 42. The functional module 42 may provide error detection and correction, encryption and decryption, compression and decompression of data, image, audio and voice, as well as other features useful in the mobile computing environment.
  • [0065]
    According to another aspect of the invention, some of the hardware originally residing in the host system is relocated to the mother card as one or more functional modules 42. One example of such a hardware is one or more “host” processors. Another example of such a hardware is system memory (DRAM, flash or disk drive). The relocation is advantageous because most small palmtop/notebook computers will not have sufficient room (i.e. Motherboard space) to include much system memory. Furthermore, these units are too small for users to open up and upgrade with memory SIMM modules. Also, most manufacturers prefer to ship out the lowest cost base unit with minimum memory.
  • [0066]
    FIG. 6 illustrates schematically the relocation of host “main memory” 60 onto the mother card 10. This provides a single memory card which includes a hybrid of main memory (DRAM or SRAM as well as ROM or flash) 60 on the mother card 10 and mass storage memory (hard disk or flash EEPROM, or floppy disk) on the daughter card 20 (as shown in FIG. 5A), all controlled by a comprehensive controller 41 on the mother card.
  • [0067]
    FIG. 7 shows schematically how such a memory card essentially takes care of all storage requirements of the computer. In particular, it illustrates by way of a system block diagram the memory partition and related data and control paths among the host, mother card and daughter card. The controller 41 has the functionality of both a DMA controller as well as a disk drive/flash/floppy/peripheral controller. It also has the intelligence to move blocks of files (software, microcode, or data) into and out of the disk/flash/floppy media on the daughter card 20 and into/out of the DRAM/SRAM/ROM/Flash (main memory) space 60 on the mother card 10, as well as do automatic backup of the main memory into the disk/flash/floppy.
  • [0068]
    Essentially, the memory card 100 contains all the memory requirements of the host system, i.e. the palmtop/notebook computer, which will free up precious space on the computer motherboard. The benefit of this approach is that users can customize their palmtop computers with various memory capacity/type options. This can be accomplished by using the Mother/daughter PC card, with the mother card carrying the controller and main memory (capacities can be e.g. 0.5 MB, 1 MB, 2 MB, 4 MB, 8 MB, etc.), and the daughter card carrying either flash memory or a small form factor magnetic hard disk (e.g. 1.8″ or 1.3″ Head Disk Assembly without controller logic), or a microfloppy, or even a miniature tape backup drive.
  • [0069]
    In the embodiment where main memory is relocated to the mother card, the preferred interface to the host computer is the 88-pin DRAM interface currently used to provide DRAM main memory expression capability (akin to a SIMM expansion module). This allows the host processor to have fast, direct access to the DRAM memory on the card. This DRAM memory also acts as a buffer memory from the disk/flash/floppy/tape backup memory on the daughter card. The controller on the mother card can move data to and from the memory on the daughter card directly into main memory, thus overcoming the typical I/O bottleneck of an IDE or SCSI drive. This therefore, provides exceptionally high performance since all elements in the memory hierarchy are optimized for maximum transfer rates.
  • [0070]
    The above approach allows the user to have total flexibility for constructing his or her memory system by selecting from mother cards of various storage capacity (32 KB to 32 MB) and daughter cards of various storage capacity (1 MB to 1 GB). The mother card may also include fixed storage (ROM, EPROM or Flash) for storing of the operating system or resident application/programs. This memory too would be controlled by the on-board controller.
  • [0071]
    One advantage of this new form factor is that one PCMCIA slot of the palm computer is now able to serve all storage and communication requirements with maximum flexibility, the user purchasing only the storage he/she needs for a given application.
  • [0072]
    This versatile comprehensive PC memory card makes it possible to build extremely small motherboards for the host machine. For example, the host motherboard can have one microprocessor chip and one peripheral controller chip, and no memory. The microprocessor can talk directly to the memory controller on the mother card portion of the PC card.
  • Multiple Daughter Card Docking
  • [0073]
    FIG. 8A is an exploded view showing the mother card 10 removably connectable to a daughter card 20, according to one aspect of the invention. In one embodiment, the daughter card 20 does not actually extend beyond the footprint of the mother card 10, so that the combination of mother/daughter card 100 does not occupy any more than a PC card under the PCMCIA standard. The daughter card can be mechanically slid into a docking inlay of the mother card. A flange 70 at the top edge of the inlay helps to keep the daughter card in place once slid into the docking inlay.
  • [0074]
    Preferably, the daughter card is secured in place by a latch mechanism and is removable from the mother card by means of an ejector mechanism. An electromechanical latch 80 and an ejector mechanism in the form of a spring-loaded push pin 82 are suitable. In this way it can easily be operated under predetermined system operational logic. For example, the daughter card will not unlatch from the mother card when data is being exchanged. It will only allow unlatching when the mother card controller establishes a “safe” condition, at which time a user-initiated “release” command can unlatch the daughter card, ejecting it from the mother card.
  • [0075]
    The inlay configuration is possible if the mother card conforms to at least a Type II card (5.0 mm thick) and the daughter card portion is approximately 2.0 to 3.3 mm thick.
  • [0076]
    According to another aspect of the invention, the mother card is adapted to removably receive a plurality of daughter cards.
  • [0077]
    FIG. 8B is an exploded view showing the mother card 10 removably connectable to a plurality of daughter cards 20, according to another aspect of the invention. In this ease, more than one connector may be provided on the mother card for removably receiving a plurality of daughter cards. The same controller on the mother card controls and services any number of daughter cards that are coupled to it. This allows a single controller on the mother card to read and write into two or more separate daughter cards, either to read different application programs, or to extend total storage space.
  • [0078]
    In one embodiment where the daughter cards are flash EEPROM, it is similar to having a multiple floppy drive capability. The controller on the mother card can also copy files from one daughter memory card to a second daughter memory card.
  • [0079]
    In another embodiment where the daughter cards are a mixture of peripherals, such as a flash memory and a fax/modem, the same controller acting as a coprocessor or a sub-host system services the mixture of peripherals coupled to it.
  • [0080]
    In yet another embodiment, at least one of the multiple daughter cards is an auxiliary battery pack. For those host systems (e.g., handheld computers) whose power may not adequately support add-on peripherals, the auxiliary battery pack helps to power the peripheral PC card that has been attached to the host system. In this way, peripherals may be attached without regard to the hosts capacity for powering them. Furthermore, since the PC peripheral card is self-powered, it can function even when detached from the host system. For example, a PC peripheral card may have a mother card attached to a flash memory daughter card, an infra-red data link daughter card and a battery daughter card. Data may be down-loaded from an external system via the infra-red link and written into the flash memory. In another embodiment, the peripheral PC card is normally powered by the host system to which it is attached. A power management system may be implemented on the peripheral PC card between the mother card, the attached daughter card(s), and the auxiliary battery pack daughter card. In the event of power interruption from the host (e.g. the peripheral PC card is detached from the host), the auxiliary battery comes in as an uninterruptible power supply to the peripheral PC card. This, for example, could allow it to complete a write operation if power from the host is interrupted, and then power itself down in a disciplined power shutdown procedure.
  • Comprehensive Daughter Card
  • [0081]
    As described earlier (see FIGS. 3-7), a removable peripheral device is typically implemented by a set of functional components that is preferably partitioned into a first set and a second set. The first set is implemented on a daughter card and the second set is implemented on a mother card. The complete peripheral device is then provided by the mother and daughter card combination which is removably coupled to a host.
  • [0082]
    The partition into a first and a second set is based on several criteria. One is to place those functional components that are common to a number of peripheral devices into the second set. An example is the comprehensive controller 41 and optional functional components 42 as described in connection with FIGS. 5B, 6 and 7. In this way, the total component count is reduced on the daughter card for each peripheral device. Another is to place those functional components that are less likely to require update or upgrade into the second set. Still another is to place those functional components that act as a storage medium such as memory chips in a first set, and the support components such as the controller in a second set. In this way, one controller on the mother card can service a number of daughter cards acting as a removable storage medium.
  • [0083]
    For example, in a flash EEPROM system having flash EEPROM memory controlled by a controller (see FIGS. 3 and 4), the flash EEPROM memory 30 forms a first set and the controller 40 forms a second set. The first set being “raw” memory is implemented on a daughter card 20 which expediently functions as a “solid-state floppy”. This memory daughter card can be used with any host that has either a daughter card native interface 14 and embedded memory controller, or a standard interface 212 in conjunction with an externally removably mother card 10 having the memory controller 40.
  • [0084]
    The daughter card preferably has a dimension that when combined with the mother card, results in a combined dimension that is in conformity with the PCMCIA specification. Generally, it does not exceed 54 mm in width, and 80 mm in length. In the preferred embodiment, for “solid-state floppy” that fits into a mother card to form a Type I or Type II PCMCIA card, the daughter card has a dimension of 35 mm×40 mm×
  • [0085]
    The daughter card's native interface connector 24 generally has pins that include connections to ground, voltage supplies, serial data in and/or out, timing, control lines, select lines, address and register lines, test pins as well as a signal that acknowledges the presence of a daughter card. Depending on selective implementations of these pins, as many as 32 pins or 24 pins or down to about 10 pins may be used in the connector 24 and its mate connector 14. In a minimum pin implementation, data, addresses and commands are multiplexed into a serial stream before being passed across the native interface 12, 24. Once across, the serial stream is demultiplexed into their respective components. Serial protocols between a memory controller and a memory device has been disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,172,338 and co-pending application Ser. No. 07/776,733, filed Jul. 26, 1991. Relevant portions of these two references are incorporated herein by reference.
  • [0086]
    FIG. 9 illustrates one aspect in which the relation of the host system 200, the mother card 10 and the daughter card 20 is similar to that shown in FIG. 1. In particular, the removable daughter card 20 works with the host system 200 in cooperation with the intermediate mother card 10. The mother card 10 is removably coupled to the host system 200 by means of a standard interface 212, 12, such as a PCMCIA interface. The daughter card 20 is removably coupled to the mother card 10 by means of a native interface 24, 14. A comprehensive controller 41 and optional functional components 42 (see also FIG. 5B) on board of the mother card 10 provide the necessary complement of components to that on the daughter card to form the complete peripheral device. This allows the daughter card to operate with any host system through the host's standard interface when a daughter card's native interface is not present.
  • [0087]
    FIG. 9 also illustrates an additional aspect in which the daughter card 20 can also work with a host system 200′ directly if the comprehensive controller 41′ and optional functional components 42′ are embedded in the host system 200′. With the support components built into the host system, the host system is ready to operate with the daughter card directly.
  • [0088]
    In this manner, the daughter card coupling with a host system is very flexible. If the second set of functional components are already embedded in the host system, the daughter card works directly with the host system. On the other hand, if the host system does not have the second set of functional components embedded, the daughter card works with the host system via a standard interface in conjunction with an additional mother card. The mother card serves to furnish the second set of functional components as well as to adapt the native interface of the daughter card to the standard interface of the host system.
  • [0089]
    In general the various host systems that operate with daughter cards include personal computers, especially portable ones, personal digital assistant (PDA), microprocessor-based devices, machines, equipment, and cameras, recorders and other consumer electronics and appliances. When the host system is intended to perform a few dedicated functions, as for example a camera, it is preferable that the second set of functional components such as a controller chip set are built into it. On the other hand, when the host system is a general purpose system, it is likely that it does not have all the required components, but the daughter card can still operate with it via a mother card as described above.
  • [0090]
    One example is a video recording and playback system where the recording medium is served by a removable daughter card 20 embodying non-volatile memory such as flash EEPROM memory. The host system 200′ is a portable still video or a motion video camera with a controller 41′ and optional functional components 42′ built in. The controller 41′ controls the memory operation of the non-volatile Memory. The optional function components 42′ includes a data compression module for compressing video and/or audio data before storing them on the daughter card.
  • [0091]
    After the daughter card has been recorded with video and/or audio data, it can be removed from the camera and played back on another host 200 such as a personal computer or a microprocessor-based playback deck. The daughter card communicates with the host 200 via a standard interface such as a PCMCIA interface. This is accomplished by having a memory controller 41 and optional functional component 42 implemented on a mother card 10. The optional functional component 42 includes a data decompression module for decompressing video and audio data to recover their original form.
  • [0092]
    According to another aspect of the invention, when the support components, such as the optional functional components 42, includes data encoding and decoding processing functions such as compression and decompression, encryption and decryption, the key or algorithm for recovering the data is stored with the daughter card. In this way, irrespectively of how the data is encoded by one host system, when the daughter card is relocated to another host, the information for decoding it is always available. Generally, the decoding information includes data decoding algorithms, encryption/decryption key and software and hardware drivers.
  • [0093]
    In the video recording example, the portable camera stores the compressed data with information necessary to decompress it on the daughter card. When the daughter card is being played back on a host, such as host 200, the host is then able to correctly decompress the data on the daughter card.
  • [0094]
    FIG. 10 illustrates a host system having both an interface native to the daughter card for receiving the daughter card directly, and a standard interface for receiving the daughter card via a mother card. The daughter card 20 works with the host system 200″ through the standard interface 212 in conjunction with the mother card 10. The host system 200″ also has an embedded comprehensive controller 41′ and optional functional components 42′. This enables the daughter card 20 also to work directly with the host system via the native interface 14′ of the daughter card. This frees up the standard interface on the host system for other uses, as well as offering more convenience and economy for using the daughter card.
  • [0095]
    According to another aspect of the invention, the daughter card contains identifying data that is communicated through the native interface to the mother card or the host system it is coupled to.
  • [0096]
    FIG. 11 illustrates schematically a removable daughter card containing identifying data 220. The identifying data 220 is preferably stored in the daughter card. This allows maximum flexibility with the possibility of assigning the identifying data 220 in the field. Another implementation is to encode a group of pins in the native interface by hard-wiring to represent the identifying data.
  • [0097]
    In one embodiment, the identifying data includes a type field that identifies the type of peripheral device the daughter card belongs to. This is especially expedient when a comprehensive controller is implemented in the host system or the mother card. As soon as a daughter card is coupled into the host system or the mother card, the comprehensive controller is able to identify quickly what type of peripheral device it is controlling and to configure and adapt itself accordingly.
  • [0098]
    In another embodiment, the identifying data includes an assignable identity code for identifying the daughter card. For example, in combination with data security and/or encryption software and hardware in the comprehensive controller or optional functional components, a secret key can be encoded on the daughter card that allows it to communicate with designated host systems or mother cards only. A preferred implementation is the application of the RSA public-key data encoding scheme in which a matched pair of keys is used. A disclosure of the RSA encryption is given by U.S. Pat. No. 4,405,829, and relevant portions thereof are incorporated herein by reference. A first key (public) is used to encrypt the data and a second key (secret) is used to decrypt the encrypted data. Thus a first host system may encrypt data using the first key in the pair and stores the encrypted data plus the first key in unencrypted form in a daughter card. In this respect, the first key may be regarded as an assigned identity code for the daughter card. This first key can be read by a second host the daughter card is connected to. Additional encrypted data may be written to the daughter card by the second host using the first key. However, the encrypted data on the daughter card can only be decrypted by a host with knowledge of the second key in the matched pair.
  • [0099]
    The feature that a daughter card can be restricted to operate with designated host systems lends itself to many security applications. The analogy as an electronic key and lock system is apparent. For example, this feature can be advantageously employed to provide controlled distribution of commercial software, including computer codes and audio and video materials. The daughter card could be used as the distribution storage medium and, by imposing restriction of use with specific host systems, licensing agreements can be enforced, and unauthorized proliferation can be eliminated.
  • [0100]
    While the embodiments of this invention that have been described are the preferred implementations, those skilled in the art will understand that variation thereof may also be possible. Therefore, the invention is entitled to protection within the full scope of the appended claims.

Claims (16)

  1. 1. A non-volatile memory device assembly, comprising:
    a memory card comprising:
    a first connector;
    a flash array;
    encoded user data stored in a first portion of the array; and
    information useful to decode the encoded user data stored in a second portion of the array; and
    a mother card comprising:
    a second connector, whereby the mother card is removably connectable to the memory card by connecting of the first and second connectors to one another;
    a third connector whereby the mother card can be removably coupled to a host, wherein the third memory connector uses a different pin connector structure from the first connectors pin connector structure; and
    a module having a controller function that decodes the encoded user data using said information when the mother card is removably coupled to the host and the memory card is removably connectable to the mother card, the user data being transferrable from the memory card to the host via the mother card,
    wherein the information useful to decode the stored encoded user data includes a decoding algorithm used by the module to decode the encoded user data,
    wherein the host and the memory card lack the memory controller function, and
    wherein the memory card receives from the mother card through the second and first connectors program and erase voltages for respective use in storing data in, and erasing of data from, the array.
  2. 2. The assembly of claim 1, wherein the mother card further includes power conversion circuitry for generating the program and erase voltages.
  3. 3. The assembly of claim 1, where the mother card further includes a flash system controller circuit.
  4. 4. The assembly of claim 1, wherein the memory card serves as the main memory for the host.
  5. 5. The assembly of claim 1, wherein the memory card includes a communication device.
  6. 6. A method of storing user data on and retrieving user data from a non-volatile memory card, comprising:
    receiving the user data in encoded form at the memory card,
    receiving information useful to decode the encoded user data at the memory card,
    subsequently storing both the encoded user data and the information useful to decode the encoded user data in non-volatile memory on the memory card,
    thereafter reading both the encoded user data and the decoding information from the non-volatile memory on the memory card, and
    providing the read encoded user data and the read decoding information from the memory for use in decoding the read encoded user data by use of the decoding information from the memory card, thereby to obtain the user data,
    wherein the decoding information includes a driver useful to decode the encoded user data.
  7. 7. The method of claim 6, wherein the decoding information further includes a decoding algorithm useful to decode the encoded user data.
  8. 8. The method of claim 7, wherein the non-volatile memory card includes a flash EEPROM array, and both the encoded user data and the decoding information are stored in the flash EEPROM array.
  9. 9. The method of claim 8, wherein the storing includes programming both the encoded user data and decoding information into individual memory cells of the flash EEPROM array in more than two states, thereby to store more than one bit of said user data and decoding information per cell.
  10. 10. The method of claim 7, wherein encoding the user data and the storing occur when the memory card is electrically connected to a first host system, and wherein the reading and decoding occur when the memory card is electrically connected to a second host system.
  11. 11. The method of claim 10, wherein either the encoding is accomplished by the first host system or the decoding is accomplished by the second host system.
  12. 12. The method of claim 10, wherein at least one of the encoding and decoding are accomplished in a memory controller function included in a mother electronic card that is removably connectable with at least one of the first and second host systems and into which the memory card is removably connectable.
  13. 13. The method of claim 12, wherein the mother electronic card is removably connectable with at least one of the first and second host systems by plugging a connector of the mother card into a connector of the first or second host system and the memory card is removably connectable to the mother card by mating the memory card with a connector of the mother card.
  14. 14. The method of claim 13, wherein the encoding and storing occur when the memory card is mated to the mother card, and a connector of the mother card is plugged into a connector of the first host system, and wherein the reading and decoding occur when the memory card is mated with a connector of the mother card and a connector of the mother card is plugged into a connector of the second host system.
  15. 15. The method of claim 10, wherein said encoding and decoding are complementary.
  16. 16. The method of claim 7, wherein at least one of encoding the user data and the decoding are accomplished in a memory controller function included in a mother electronic card to which the memory card is removably connected.
US12723491 1993-09-01 2010-03-12 Removable Mother/Daughter Peripheral Card Abandoned US20100169559A1 (en)

Priority Applications (10)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11542893 true 1993-09-01 1993-09-01
US15129293 true 1993-11-12 1993-11-12
US39885695 true 1995-03-06 1995-03-06
US46264295 true 1995-06-05 1995-06-05
US08781539 US5887145A (en) 1993-09-01 1997-01-09 Removable mother/daughter peripheral card
US09241222 US6266724B1 (en) 1993-09-01 1999-02-01 Removable mother/daughter peripheral card
US09887197 US6381662B1 (en) 1993-09-01 2001-06-21 Removable mother/daughter peripheral card
US10050429 US7137011B1 (en) 1993-09-01 2002-01-15 Removable mother/daughter peripheral card
US46315006 true 2006-08-08 2006-08-08
US12723491 US20100169559A1 (en) 1993-09-01 2010-03-12 Removable Mother/Daughter Peripheral Card

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US12723491 US20100169559A1 (en) 1993-09-01 2010-03-12 Removable Mother/Daughter Peripheral Card

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20100169559A1 true true US20100169559A1 (en) 2010-07-01

Family

ID=46253247

Family Applications (5)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US08781539 Expired - Lifetime US5887145A (en) 1993-09-01 1997-01-09 Removable mother/daughter peripheral card
US09241222 Expired - Lifetime US6266724B1 (en) 1993-09-01 1999-02-01 Removable mother/daughter peripheral card
US09887197 Expired - Lifetime US6381662B1 (en) 1993-09-01 2001-06-21 Removable mother/daughter peripheral card
US12723491 Abandoned US20100169559A1 (en) 1993-09-01 2010-03-12 Removable Mother/Daughter Peripheral Card
US12765737 Abandoned US20100205360A1 (en) 1993-09-01 2010-04-22 Removable Mother/Daughter Peripheral Card

Family Applications Before (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US08781539 Expired - Lifetime US5887145A (en) 1993-09-01 1997-01-09 Removable mother/daughter peripheral card
US09241222 Expired - Lifetime US6266724B1 (en) 1993-09-01 1999-02-01 Removable mother/daughter peripheral card
US09887197 Expired - Lifetime US6381662B1 (en) 1993-09-01 2001-06-21 Removable mother/daughter peripheral card

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US12765737 Abandoned US20100205360A1 (en) 1993-09-01 2010-04-22 Removable Mother/Daughter Peripheral Card

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (5) US5887145A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090283885A1 (en) * 2001-04-02 2009-11-19 Renesas Technology Corp. Semiconductor Device and a Method of Manufacturing the Same
US8373980B2 (en) 2010-10-22 2013-02-12 Explore Technologies Corp. System for mounting a display to a computer
US20140201431A1 (en) * 2011-08-24 2014-07-17 Rambus Inc. Distributed procedure execution and file systems on a memory interface
US20150268788A1 (en) * 2014-03-20 2015-09-24 Lucan Technologies, Inc. Multiple system interoperable interactive graphical user interface with upgradable, exchanable, and user removable central processing unit card
US20160012006A1 (en) * 2014-07-14 2016-01-14 Xpliant, Inc. Baseboard interconnection device, system and method
US20160048178A1 (en) * 2014-08-14 2016-02-18 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Memory card socket and data processing device including the same

Families Citing this family (328)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6189055B1 (en) * 1991-06-26 2001-02-13 Smartdisk Corporation Multi-module adapter having a plurality of recesses for receiving a plurality of insertable memory modules
US6325291B1 (en) * 1994-04-19 2001-12-04 Smarrt Diskette Gmbh Apparatus and method for transferring information between a smart diskette device and a computer
JPH06312593A (en) 1993-04-28 1994-11-08 Toshiba Corp External memory, external memory unit and manufacture of the external memory
US5887145A (en) * 1993-09-01 1999-03-23 Sandisk Corporation Removable mother/daughter peripheral card
US7137011B1 (en) 1993-09-01 2006-11-14 Sandisk Corporation Removable mother/daughter peripheral card
JP3383398B2 (en) * 1994-03-22 2003-03-04 株式会社東芝 Semiconductor package
JP3388921B2 (en) * 1994-11-29 2003-03-24 株式会社東芝 Method of fabricating an integrated circuit card
USRE38997E1 (en) * 1995-02-03 2006-02-28 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Information storage and information processing system utilizing state-designating member provided on supporting card surface which produces write-permitting or write-inhibiting signal
JP3660382B2 (en) 1995-02-03 2005-06-15 株式会社東芝 Information storage device and the connector portion used for the same
US6471130B2 (en) 1995-02-03 2002-10-29 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Information storage apparatus and information processing apparatus using the same
JPH0964240A (en) * 1995-08-25 1997-03-07 Toshiba Corp Semiconductor device and manufacture thereof
FR2738367B1 (en) * 1995-09-05 1997-10-17 Scm Microsystems Method and fast download of device functions in a volatile memory
US6076124A (en) 1995-10-10 2000-06-13 The Foxboro Company Distributed control system including a compact easily-extensible and serviceable field controller
US6033257A (en) 1995-11-20 2000-03-07 The Foxboro Company I/O connector module for a field controller in a distributed control system
US6631435B1 (en) * 1996-02-02 2003-10-07 Sony Corporation Application programming interface for data transfer and bus management over a bus structure
US5991520A (en) 1996-02-02 1999-11-23 Sony Corporation Application programming interface for managing and automating data transfer operations between applications over a bus structure
US6750902B1 (en) 1996-02-13 2004-06-15 Fotonation Holdings Llc Camera network communication device
US6519268B1 (en) * 1996-03-07 2003-02-11 Sony Corporation Asynchronous data pipe for automatically managing asynchronous data transfers between an application and a bus structure
US6233637B1 (en) 1996-03-07 2001-05-15 Sony Corporation Isochronous data pipe for managing and manipulating a high-speed stream of isochronous data flowing between an application and a bus structure
US6091137A (en) * 1996-05-31 2000-07-18 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Semiconductor device substrate and method of manufacturing the same
JPH09327990A (en) * 1996-06-11 1997-12-22 Toshiba Corp Card type storing device
EP0825506B1 (en) 1996-08-20 2013-03-06 Invensys Systems, Inc. Methods and apparatus for remote process control
JPH10107747A (en) * 1996-09-27 1998-04-24 Toshiba Ave Corp Information service receiver, information service providing device and storage medium
JPH10302030A (en) * 1997-02-28 1998-11-13 Toshiba Corp Connection device and information processor
JPH1185936A (en) * 1997-09-12 1999-03-30 Teac Corp Data transmitting device
JP3582970B2 (en) * 1997-11-04 2004-10-27 富士通株式会社 Adapter, and a method of communication between the adapter and the disk cartridge drive
US6292844B1 (en) * 1998-02-12 2001-09-18 Sony Corporation Media storage device with embedded data filter for dynamically processing data during read and write operations
US6642611B2 (en) * 1998-03-26 2003-11-04 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Storage apparatus, card type storage apparatus, and electronic apparatus
US6833867B1 (en) * 1998-04-20 2004-12-21 Flashpoint Technology, Inc. Method and system for expanding the hardware capabilities of a digital imaging device
US6170026B1 (en) * 1998-06-16 2001-01-02 Modubility Llc Mobile computing systems which automatically reconfigure to operate any devices attached to a docking module upon connection to the docking station
US6518874B2 (en) 1998-06-17 2003-02-11 Micron Technology, Inc. Portable computer supporting paging functions
US6510520B1 (en) * 1998-06-26 2003-01-21 Fotonation, Inc. Secure storage device for transfer of digital camera data
US6356959B1 (en) * 1998-07-21 2002-03-12 Gateway, Inc. Stackable PCI peripheral devices
US6968405B1 (en) * 1998-07-24 2005-11-22 Aristocrat Leisure Industries Pty Limited Input/Output Interface and device abstraction
US6862617B1 (en) 1998-10-12 2005-03-01 Microsoft Corp. System and method for synchronizing objects between two devices
US6840801B1 (en) * 1998-10-29 2005-01-11 Steinbeck Cannery, Llc Docking apparatus for PC card devices
US6240301B1 (en) * 1998-10-29 2001-05-29 Ericcson Inc. Diversity antenna in a SIM card package
US6301656B1 (en) * 1999-01-11 2001-10-09 Alcatel Usa Sourcing, L.P. Method and apparatus for initial programming of flash based firmware
US6601140B1 (en) * 1999-04-07 2003-07-29 Sony Corporation Memory unit, data processing unit, and data processing method using memory unit type
US6618789B1 (en) * 1999-04-07 2003-09-09 Sony Corporation Security memory card compatible with secure and non-secure data processing systems
WO2000067132A1 (en) * 1999-04-30 2000-11-09 Centennial Technologies, Inc. Combination ata/linear flash memory device
US7117369B1 (en) * 1999-05-03 2006-10-03 Microsoft Corporation Portable smart card secured memory system for porting user profiles and documents
US7036738B1 (en) 1999-05-03 2006-05-02 Microsoft Corporation PCMCIA-compliant smart card secured memory assembly for porting user profiles and documents
US6353870B1 (en) 1999-05-11 2002-03-05 Socket Communications Inc. Closed case removable expansion card having interconnect and adapter circuitry for both I/O and removable memory
US6599147B1 (en) * 1999-05-11 2003-07-29 Socket Communications, Inc. High-density removable expansion module having I/O and second-level-removable expansion memory
US7124292B2 (en) * 2001-05-21 2006-10-17 Sony Corporation Automatically configuring storage array including a plurality of media storage devices for storing and providing data within a network of devices
JP2001027916A (en) * 1999-05-12 2001-01-30 Fujitsu Ltd Electronic equipment, power controller and power supply control method
FR2793575B1 (en) * 1999-05-12 2001-06-15 Schlumberger Systems & Service modules portable player mini-card format for connection to a port of a personal computer
US6859846B2 (en) * 1999-05-12 2005-02-22 Sony Corporation Method of distributed recording whereby the need to transition to a second recording device from a first recording device is broadcast by the first recording device
US7089530B1 (en) 1999-05-17 2006-08-08 Invensys Systems, Inc. Process control configuration system with connection validation and configuration
WO2000070531A3 (en) 1999-05-17 2001-07-12 Foxboro Co Methods and apparatus for control configuration
US6405278B1 (en) * 1999-05-20 2002-06-11 Hewlett-Packard Company Method for enabling flash memory storage products for wireless communication
US6788980B1 (en) 1999-06-11 2004-09-07 Invensys Systems, Inc. Methods and apparatus for control using control devices that provide a virtual machine environment and that communicate via an IP network
US6694396B1 (en) * 1999-06-18 2004-02-17 Sony Corporation Interfacing an NRSS-A smart card within an NRSS-B PCMCIA
US6826638B1 (en) * 1999-07-15 2004-11-30 Dell Products L.P. Modular bay enclosure removable card method and system
US6470284B1 (en) * 1999-08-05 2002-10-22 02 Micro International Limited Integrated PC card host controller for the detection and operation of a plurality of expansion cards
US6625680B1 (en) * 1999-08-16 2003-09-23 Cisco Technology, Inc. System and method for processing circuit card connector and redundancy events
JP2003509789A (en) * 1999-09-13 2003-03-11 シーゲイト テクノロジー エルエルシー Multimedia data shuttle and archive
US6934467B1 (en) 1999-09-13 2005-08-23 Seagate Technology, Llc Transcoding multimedia data shuttle and archive
KR100505103B1 (en) * 1999-10-11 2005-07-29 삼성전자주식회사 Memory stick for universal serial bus
EP1242890A4 (en) * 1999-10-12 2007-06-20 Cms Peripherals Inc Automatic backup system
US6721859B1 (en) 1999-10-21 2004-04-13 Sony Corporation Multi-protocol media storage device implementing protocols optimized for storing and retrieving both asynchronous and isochronous data
US7487908B1 (en) * 1999-10-23 2009-02-10 Ultracard, Inc. Article having an embedded accessible storage member, apparatus and method for using same
JP2001184462A (en) * 1999-11-15 2001-07-06 Jinbao Electron Ind Co Ltd Memory card sharing base
US6523108B1 (en) 1999-11-23 2003-02-18 Sony Corporation Method of and apparatus for extracting a string of bits from a binary bit string and depositing a string of bits onto a binary bit string
CN1142669C (en) * 2000-01-20 2004-03-17 国际商业机器公司 Hand-held device, intelligence card interface device and data transmitting method
US6330806B1 (en) * 2000-03-03 2001-12-18 York International Corporation System and method for controlling an HVAC system using a flash mini-card
US6898378B1 (en) * 2000-03-24 2005-05-24 Northrop Grumman Corporation Shock-resistant backplane utilizing infrared communication scheme with electrical interface for embedded systems
WO2001073570A1 (en) * 2000-03-30 2001-10-04 Telegate Portable data storage apparatus
US6769035B1 (en) 2000-04-07 2004-07-27 Infineon Technologies North America Corp. Same single board computer system operable as a system master and a bus target
CN1260677C (en) * 2000-04-18 2006-06-21 松下电器产业株式会社 Memory card installer
US6772261B1 (en) * 2000-04-27 2004-08-03 International Business Machines Corporation Interface that allows testing and using memory modules in computer systems not designed for the modules
US6633445B1 (en) 2000-06-09 2003-10-14 Iomega Corporation Method and apparatus for electrically coupling components in a removable cartridge
US6628474B1 (en) 2000-06-09 2003-09-30 Iomega Corporation Method and apparatus for electrostatic discharge protection in a removable cartridge
US6624979B1 (en) 2000-06-09 2003-09-23 Iomega Corporation Method and apparatus for parking and releasing a magnetic head
US6556183B1 (en) * 2000-06-09 2003-04-29 Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd. Communications device having an interchangeable helmet user-interface
US6717762B1 (en) 2000-06-09 2004-04-06 Iomega Corporation Method and apparatus for making a drive compatible with a removable cartridge
US6553468B1 (en) * 2000-06-26 2003-04-22 International Buisness Machines Corporation Storage method for personal digital devices
US7720821B1 (en) 2000-06-30 2010-05-18 Sony Corporation Method of and apparatus for writing and reading time sensitive data within a storage device
US7162549B2 (en) 2001-10-29 2007-01-09 Onspec Electronics, Inc. Multimode controller for intelligent and “dumb” flash cards
US7295443B2 (en) * 2000-07-06 2007-11-13 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Smartconnect universal flash media card adapters
US7493437B1 (en) 2000-07-06 2009-02-17 Mcm Portfolio Llc Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash memory cards with or without a PC
US6438638B1 (en) * 2000-07-06 2002-08-20 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash-memory cards with or without a PC
US7252240B1 (en) 2000-07-06 2007-08-07 Onspec Electronics, Inc. Memory module which includes a form factor connector
US7278051B2 (en) * 2000-07-06 2007-10-02 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Field-operable, stand-alone apparatus for media recovery and regeneration
US6832281B2 (en) * 2000-07-06 2004-12-14 Onspec Electronic Inc. Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash memory cards with or without a PC
US7047338B1 (en) * 2000-07-18 2006-05-16 Igt Configurable hot-swap communication
US6824063B1 (en) 2000-08-04 2004-11-30 Sandisk Corporation Use of small electronic circuit cards with different interfaces in an electronic system
GB2354202B (en) * 2000-08-07 2002-09-18 Dynamic Cassette Int A printer cartridge kit and method
US7107378B1 (en) * 2000-09-01 2006-09-12 Sandisk Corporation Cooperative interconnection and operation of a non-volatile memory card and an input-output card
JP3810265B2 (en) * 2000-09-19 2006-08-16 インターナショナル・ビジネス・マシーンズ・コーポレーションInternational Business Maschines Corporation Computer system
US6868375B1 (en) * 2000-10-04 2005-03-15 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Emulation of dynamically reconfigurable computer system
US6892263B1 (en) * 2000-10-05 2005-05-10 Sun Microsystems, Inc. System and method for hot swapping daughtercards in high availability computer systems
KR100402391B1 (en) * 2000-10-26 2003-10-22 삼성전자주식회사 Memory card system
US6772249B1 (en) * 2000-11-27 2004-08-03 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Handheld option pack interface
US7039742B1 (en) * 2000-11-27 2006-05-02 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Handheld option pack identification scheme
US6781782B2 (en) 2000-12-21 2004-08-24 Iomega Corporation Method and apparatus for saving calibration parameters for a removable cartridge
US6633931B2 (en) * 2000-12-29 2003-10-14 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Card identification system and method for an input/output interface
DE60125141T2 (en) * 2001-02-15 2007-11-15 Lenovo (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. Safety system to prevent the theft and use of a personal computer by unauthorized users
EP1239400A1 (en) * 2001-03-09 2002-09-11 Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC Dual smartcard controller
US20040225796A1 (en) * 2001-03-29 2004-11-11 Palm, Inc. Expandable miniature accessory card for handheld computer
US6945461B1 (en) * 2001-03-30 2005-09-20 3Com Corporation Compact multifunction card for electronic devices
US20050114553A1 (en) * 2001-04-02 2005-05-26 Lada Henry F. Handheld option pack interface
US6779067B2 (en) 2001-05-14 2004-08-17 Iomega Corporation Method and apparatus for providing extended functionality for a bus
US6901525B2 (en) 2001-05-25 2005-05-31 Iomega Corporation Method and apparatus for managing power consumption on a bus
JP2002366422A (en) * 2001-06-06 2002-12-20 Fujitsu Ltd Computer system
US6859698B2 (en) 2001-06-21 2005-02-22 Snap-On Incorporated Detachable cartridge unit and auxiliary unit for function expansion of a data processing system
JP4218522B2 (en) * 2001-06-28 2009-02-04 ソニー株式会社 Electronic apparatus, the information processing apparatus, the adapter device and information exchange system
US20030030540A1 (en) * 2001-08-09 2003-02-13 Hom Wayne C. Method and apparatus for updating security control system operating parameters
US7035965B2 (en) * 2001-08-30 2006-04-25 Micron Technology, Inc. Flash memory with data decompression
US7035966B2 (en) * 2001-08-30 2006-04-25 Micron Technology, Inc. Processing system with direct memory transfer
US6897522B2 (en) 2001-10-31 2005-05-24 Sandisk Corporation Multi-state non-volatile integrated circuit memory systems that employ dielectric storage elements
US6925007B2 (en) * 2001-10-31 2005-08-02 Sandisk Corporation Multi-state non-volatile integrated circuit memory systems that employ dielectric storage elements
US20030084220A1 (en) * 2001-11-01 2003-05-01 Jones Larry Lawson Active adapter chip for use in a flash card reader
US20030120756A1 (en) * 2001-12-24 2003-06-26 Icp Electronics Inc. Mobile storage device for a network
US20030135470A1 (en) * 2002-01-16 2003-07-17 Beard Robert E. Method and system for credit card purchases
US6792501B2 (en) * 2002-01-31 2004-09-14 Phision Electronic Corp Universal serial bus flash memory integrated circuit device
US7082487B2 (en) * 2002-02-20 2006-07-25 Spectrum Signal Processing, Inc. Multiple configurable I/O common mezzanine cards
CN101004733A (en) * 2002-03-06 2007-07-25 弗里科姆技术公司 System for monitoring and data exchange and peripheral data storage unit for the system
US20030172216A1 (en) * 2002-03-07 2003-09-11 Ralph Gundacker Increasing the component capacity of adapters
JP4029928B2 (en) * 2002-03-28 2008-01-09 日本アイ・ビー・エム株式会社 Communication device, a method for user registration device, and program
US20050177662A1 (en) * 2002-04-04 2005-08-11 Hauke Michael T. Modular broadcast television products
EP1540448A2 (en) * 2002-04-08 2005-06-15 Socket Communications, Inc. Wireless enabled memory module
US7092256B1 (en) * 2002-04-26 2006-08-15 Sandisk Corporation Retractable card adapter
US20030226119A1 (en) * 2002-05-28 2003-12-04 Chi-Tung Chang Integrated circuit design of a standard access interface for playing compressed music
US20030226016A1 (en) * 2002-05-31 2003-12-04 International Business Machines Corporation Assurance of authentication in a computer system apparatus and method
JP3835353B2 (en) * 2002-06-04 2006-10-18 松下電器産業株式会社 Card connection adapter
JP2004014499A (en) * 2002-06-07 2004-01-15 Carry Computer Engineering Co Ltd Common use connector for memory card, and switching and decision method of common use terminal for the same
US7093161B1 (en) * 2002-08-16 2006-08-15 Onspec Electronic, Inc. Software recovery method for flash media with defective formatting
US7212961B2 (en) * 2002-08-30 2007-05-01 Lsi Logic Corporation Interface for rapid prototyping system
US7299427B2 (en) * 2002-08-30 2007-11-20 Lsi Corporation Radio prototyping system
US7080222B1 (en) * 2002-09-20 2006-07-18 Cypress Semiconductor Corp. Cellular telephone memory with backup memory interface
US6932275B2 (en) * 2002-10-03 2005-08-23 Onspec Electronic Inc. Frame kit to accommodate multiple host processing system connector interfaces
JP4236440B2 (en) * 2002-10-09 2009-03-11 株式会社ルネサステクノロジ Ic card
US20060206677A1 (en) * 2003-07-03 2006-09-14 Electronics And Telecommunications Research Institute System and method of an efficient snapshot for shared large storage
US6888755B2 (en) * 2002-10-28 2005-05-03 Sandisk Corporation Flash memory cell arrays having dual control gates per memory cell charge storage element
US7367503B2 (en) * 2002-11-13 2008-05-06 Sandisk Corporation Universal non-volatile memory card used with various different standard cards containing a memory controller
US8037229B2 (en) 2002-11-21 2011-10-11 Sandisk Technologies Inc. Combination non-volatile memory and input-output card with direct memory access
US20050055479A1 (en) * 2002-11-21 2005-03-10 Aviad Zer Multi-module circuit card with inter-module direct memory access
US6829167B2 (en) * 2002-12-12 2004-12-07 Sandisk Corporation Error recovery for nonvolatile memory
JP2004227239A (en) * 2003-01-22 2004-08-12 Fujitsu Ltd Conversion apparatus
US6944063B2 (en) * 2003-01-28 2005-09-13 Sandisk Corporation Non-volatile semiconductor memory with large erase blocks storing cycle counts
US20040153301A1 (en) * 2003-02-03 2004-08-05 Daniel Isaacs Integrated circuit development methodology
JP4019965B2 (en) * 2003-02-10 2007-12-12 ソニー株式会社 Ic card of the adapter device
WO2004081706A3 (en) * 2003-03-11 2004-11-25 Digisafe Pte Ltd Method and apparatus for controlling the provision of digital content
US7305535B2 (en) 2003-04-17 2007-12-04 Sandisk Corporation Memory cards including a standard security function
WO2004095363A1 (en) * 2003-04-23 2004-11-04 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Semiconductor recording device
US20170192928A1 (en) * 2008-02-13 2017-07-06 Michael Arnouse Portable computing system and portable computer for use with same
EP1649410A2 (en) * 2003-07-17 2006-04-26 SanDisk Corporation Memory card with raised portion
US7416132B2 (en) * 2003-07-17 2008-08-26 Sandisk Corporation Memory card with and without enclosure
US20050013106A1 (en) * 2003-07-17 2005-01-20 Takiar Hem P. Peripheral card with hidden test pins
US7406549B2 (en) * 2003-08-01 2008-07-29 Intel Corporation Support for non-standard device containing operating system data
FR2858866B1 (en) * 2003-08-14 2005-12-02 Datacard Inc Element for programmable electronic media adaptation and use in a universal customization machine
CA2534720A1 (en) 2003-08-15 2005-03-03 York International Corporation System and method for loading software into a control panel for a chiller system
JP4407211B2 (en) * 2003-09-02 2010-02-03 日産自動車株式会社 Non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery
US7155620B2 (en) * 2003-09-24 2006-12-26 Broadcom Corporation Power conditioning mechanism using an external card adapter
US20050071534A1 (en) * 2003-09-30 2005-03-31 Dell Products L.P. Chassis expansion using newcard
US7447808B2 (en) * 2003-10-31 2008-11-04 Industrial Technology Research Institute Method for data transmission between an input-output card with an add-on memory card and a host system
JP4355920B2 (en) * 2003-12-08 2009-11-04 ソニー株式会社 Communication card
US20050122674A1 (en) * 2003-12-09 2005-06-09 Thomas Szolyga Multifunction handle for a removable storage or other removable computer devices
US7209995B2 (en) * 2003-12-09 2007-04-24 Sandisk Corporation Efficient connection between modules of removable electronic circuit cards
US20050132178A1 (en) * 2003-12-12 2005-06-16 Sridhar Balasubramanian Removable flash backup for storage controllers
US7269725B2 (en) * 2003-12-17 2007-09-11 Lenovo (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. Autonomic binding of subsystems to system to prevent theft
US7304500B2 (en) * 2003-12-29 2007-12-04 Faraday Technology Corp. Programmable logic module and upgrade method thereof
US20050160207A1 (en) * 2004-01-16 2005-07-21 Universal Scientific Industrial Co., Ltd. Computing apparatus including a hardware management add-on card
US7146445B2 (en) * 2004-01-23 2006-12-05 Adtran, Inc. Daughtercard-based system software and hardware functionality-defining mechanism
US7161833B2 (en) * 2004-02-06 2007-01-09 Sandisk Corporation Self-boosting system for flash memory cells
US7466590B2 (en) * 2004-02-06 2008-12-16 Sandisk Corporation Self-boosting method for flash memory cells
US7761923B2 (en) 2004-03-01 2010-07-20 Invensys Systems, Inc. Process control methods and apparatus for intrusion detection, protection and network hardening
US7149836B2 (en) * 2004-03-12 2006-12-12 C-One Technology Corporation GPRS replaceable module communication device
US7240144B2 (en) * 2004-04-02 2007-07-03 Arm Limited Arbitration of data transfer requests
US7710736B2 (en) * 2005-08-02 2010-05-04 Sandisk Corporation Memory card with latching mechanism for hinged cover
US7152801B2 (en) * 2004-04-16 2006-12-26 Sandisk Corporation Memory cards having two standard sets of contacts
US7487265B2 (en) * 2004-04-16 2009-02-03 Sandisk Corporation Memory card with two standard sets of contacts and a hinged contact covering mechanism
US20050251617A1 (en) * 2004-05-07 2005-11-10 Sinclair Alan W Hybrid non-volatile memory system
US8019908B2 (en) * 2004-07-06 2011-09-13 Tandberg Data Holdings S.A.R.L. Data replication systems and methods
US20060010458A1 (en) * 2004-07-06 2006-01-12 Prostor Systems, Inc. Electronic storage cartridge
US8046790B2 (en) * 2004-07-06 2011-10-25 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L. P. Media projector system for preventing the display of on-screen display information
US8027165B2 (en) * 2004-07-08 2011-09-27 Sandisk Technologies Inc. Portable memory devices with removable caps that effect operation of the devices when attached
JP4209820B2 (en) * 2004-07-15 2009-01-14 株式会社ハギワラシスコム System consisting of a write-once memory card, the host system and the semiconductor memory device used in the memory card system and the memory card system
US7485499B2 (en) * 2004-07-29 2009-02-03 Sandisk Corporation Customized non-volatile memory device packages
US7258100B2 (en) * 2004-08-03 2007-08-21 Bruce Pinkston Internal combustion engine control
US20060036803A1 (en) * 2004-08-16 2006-02-16 Mori Edan Non-volatile memory device controlled by a micro-controller
EP1630657A9 (en) * 2004-08-30 2006-06-07 STMicroelectronics S.r.l. Embedded storage device with integrated data-management functions and storage system incorporating it
US20110225344A1 (en) * 2004-09-02 2011-09-15 Thomson Licensing S.A. Method for Dynamic Configuration of an Electronic System with Variable Input and Output Signals
US7164611B2 (en) 2004-10-26 2007-01-16 Micron Technology, Inc. Data retention kill function
US20060192004A1 (en) * 2004-11-22 2006-08-31 Gidon Elazar Stylized method of using and distributing consumer electronic devices
US20060136623A1 (en) * 2004-11-22 2006-06-22 Gidon Elazar Stylized consumer electronic device
US20070152076A1 (en) * 2004-12-13 2007-07-05 Chiang Kuo C Monitoring system with a wireless transmitting/receiving module
WO2006078917A3 (en) * 2005-01-20 2007-10-04 John G Lin Mounting system for multimedia playback devices
WO2006084062A3 (en) * 2005-02-02 2008-10-16 Alan L Pocrass Data storage and transfer device and method
US7502882B2 (en) * 2005-03-14 2009-03-10 Intel Corporation Advanced mezzanine card adapter
US20090132752A1 (en) 2005-04-19 2009-05-21 Trek 2000 International Ltd Interface for Non-Volatile Memories
GB0520603D0 (en) * 2005-10-11 2005-11-16 Hewlett Packard Development Co Data transfer device
GB0520602D0 (en) 2005-10-11 2005-11-16 Hewlett Packard Development Co Data transfer device library and key distribution
GB0520606D0 (en) 2005-10-11 2005-11-16 Hewlett Packard Development Co Data transfer system
GB0520600D0 (en) 2005-10-11 2005-11-16 Hewlett Packard Development Co Removable data storage item and key distibution
GB2431252B (en) 2005-10-11 2010-06-09 Hewlett Packard Development Co Data transfer device
JP2007142884A (en) * 2005-11-18 2007-06-07 Canon Inc Image sensing device and its control method
US7739472B2 (en) * 2005-11-22 2010-06-15 Sandisk Corporation Memory system for legacy hosts
EP1952404B1 (en) * 2005-11-22 2010-05-12 SanDisk Corporation Method and memory system for legacy hosts
US7747927B2 (en) * 2005-11-22 2010-06-29 Sandisk Corporation Method for adapting a memory system to operate with a legacy host originally designed to operate with a different memory system
US7802043B2 (en) * 2005-12-09 2010-09-21 Maxim Integrated Products, Inc. Methods and apparatus for adding an autonomous controller to an existing architecture
US7355889B2 (en) * 2005-12-19 2008-04-08 Sandisk Corporation Method for programming non-volatile memory with reduced program disturb using modified pass voltages
US7355888B2 (en) * 2005-12-19 2008-04-08 Sandisk Corporation Apparatus for programming non-volatile memory with reduced program disturb using modified pass voltages
US7362615B2 (en) * 2005-12-27 2008-04-22 Sandisk Corporation Methods for active boosting to minimize capacitive coupling effect between adjacent gates of flash memory devices
US7436703B2 (en) * 2005-12-27 2008-10-14 Sandisk Corporation Active boosting to minimize capacitive coupling effect between adjacent gates of flash memory devices
US20070145152A1 (en) * 2005-12-28 2007-06-28 Fabrice Jogand-Coulomb Nested memory system with near field communications capability
US20070145135A1 (en) * 2005-12-28 2007-06-28 Fabrice Jogand-Coulomb Methods used in a nested memory system with near field communications capability
KR20070074134A (en) * 2006-01-06 2007-07-12 삼성전자주식회사 Apparatus for expanding the storage capacity in memory card and operating method of memory card using the same
GB2435333B (en) 2006-02-01 2010-07-14 Hewlett Packard Development Co Data transfer device
US7860857B2 (en) 2006-03-30 2010-12-28 Invensys Systems, Inc. Digital data processing apparatus and methods for improving plant performance
US7428165B2 (en) * 2006-03-30 2008-09-23 Sandisk Corporation Self-boosting method with suppression of high lateral electric fields
US7511995B2 (en) * 2006-03-30 2009-03-31 Sandisk Corporation Self-boosting system with suppression of high lateral electric fields
US7467253B2 (en) * 2006-04-13 2008-12-16 Sandisk Corporation Cycle count storage systems
US7451264B2 (en) * 2006-04-13 2008-11-11 Sandisk Corporation Cycle count storage methods
US7951669B2 (en) 2006-04-13 2011-05-31 Sandisk Corporation Methods of making flash memory cell arrays having dual control gates per memory cell charge storage element
US20070257116A1 (en) * 2006-05-04 2007-11-08 Hsiang-An Hsieh Interface detection method of a multiple mode micro memory card
US7286408B1 (en) 2006-05-05 2007-10-23 Sandisk Corporation Boosting methods for NAND flash memory
US7436709B2 (en) * 2006-05-05 2008-10-14 Sandisk Corporation NAND flash memory with boosting
US7492633B2 (en) * 2006-06-19 2009-02-17 Sandisk Corporation System for increasing programming speed for non-volatile memory by applying counter-transitioning waveforms to word lines
US7349261B2 (en) * 2006-06-19 2008-03-25 Sandisk Corporation Method for increasing programming speed for non-volatile memory by applying counter-transitioning waveforms to word lines
US20100231977A1 (en) * 2006-08-08 2010-09-16 Kimoto Co., Ltd Screening apparatus and screening method
US7416419B2 (en) * 2006-08-16 2008-08-26 Sandisk Corporation Methods for ESD protection
US7581967B2 (en) * 2006-08-16 2009-09-01 Sandisk Corporation Connector with ESD protection
WO2008029206A3 (en) * 2006-09-05 2009-05-14 Rune Lindholm Device interface
US7440326B2 (en) 2006-09-06 2008-10-21 Sandisk Corporation Programming non-volatile memory with improved boosting
US7433983B2 (en) * 2006-09-12 2008-10-07 Inventec Corporation Method for supporting riser card by basic input/output system
US7696044B2 (en) * 2006-09-19 2010-04-13 Sandisk Corporation Method of making an array of non-volatile memory cells with floating gates formed of spacers in substrate trenches
US7646054B2 (en) * 2006-09-19 2010-01-12 Sandisk Corporation Array of non-volatile memory cells with floating gates formed of spacers in substrate trenches
US8189378B2 (en) * 2006-09-27 2012-05-29 Sandisk Technologies Inc. Reducing program disturb in non-volatile storage
US8184478B2 (en) * 2006-09-27 2012-05-22 Sandisk Technologies Inc. Apparatus with reduced program disturb in non-volatile storage
WO2008038428A1 (en) * 2006-09-27 2008-04-03 Renesas Technology Corp. Ic card and ic card socket
US8639863B1 (en) * 2007-08-30 2014-01-28 Virident Systems, Inc. Memory apparatus for replaceable non-volatile memory
US7730270B2 (en) * 2006-09-29 2010-06-01 Sandisk Corporation Method combining once-writeable and rewriteable information storage to support data processing
US7630225B2 (en) * 2006-09-29 2009-12-08 Sandisk Corporation Apparatus combining once-writeable and rewriteable information storage to support data processing
KR100803005B1 (en) * 2006-10-26 2008-02-14 삼성전자주식회사 Memory interfacing method and apparatus
DE102006051136A1 (en) * 2006-10-30 2008-05-08 Qimonda Ag Adapter card for use with memory module system i.e. fully buffered-dual in-line memory module system, has memory plug contact for connecting adapter card to memory module e.g. unregistered dual in-line memory module
US7596031B2 (en) 2006-10-30 2009-09-29 Sandisk Corporation Faster programming of highest multi-level state for non-volatile memory
WO2008070651A3 (en) * 2006-12-04 2008-09-04 Signal Storage Innovations L L Data recorder for multiple media formats
US7642160B2 (en) * 2006-12-21 2010-01-05 Sandisk Corporation Method of forming a flash NAND memory cell array with charge storage elements positioned in trenches
US7800161B2 (en) * 2006-12-21 2010-09-21 Sandisk Corporation Flash NAND memory cell array with charge storage elements positioned in trenches
US7433241B2 (en) * 2006-12-29 2008-10-07 Sandisk Corporation Programming non-volatile memory with reduced program disturb by removing pre-charge dependency on word line data
US7468918B2 (en) * 2006-12-29 2008-12-23 Sandisk Corporation Systems for programming non-volatile memory with reduced program disturb by removing pre-charge dependency on word line data
US7463531B2 (en) * 2006-12-29 2008-12-09 Sandisk Corporation Systems for programming non-volatile memory with reduced program disturb by using different pre-charge enable voltages
US7450430B2 (en) * 2006-12-29 2008-11-11 Sandisk Corporation Programming non-volatile memory with reduced program disturb by using different pre-charge enable voltages
KR100875540B1 (en) * 2007-01-19 2008-12-26 삼성전자주식회사 Flash Memory Cards
US20080229001A1 (en) * 2007-03-14 2008-09-18 Li Hui Lu Solid memory module with extensible capacity
US20080228994A1 (en) * 2007-03-14 2008-09-18 Li Hui Lu Solid memory module structure with extensible capacity
US7613857B2 (en) * 2007-03-30 2009-11-03 Sandisk Corporation Memory device with a built-in memory array and a connector for a removable memory device
US20080244203A1 (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-10-02 Gorobets Sergey A Apparatus combining lower-endurance/performance and higher-endurance/performance information storage to support data processing
US7633799B2 (en) * 2007-03-30 2009-12-15 Sandisk Corporation Method combining lower-endurance/performance and higher-endurance/performance information storage to support data processing
US7603499B2 (en) * 2007-03-30 2009-10-13 Sandisk Corporation Method for using a memory device with a built-in memory array and a connector for a removable memory device
WO2008121195A1 (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-10-09 Sandisk Corporation Memory device with a built-in memory array and a connector for a removable memory device and methods for use therewith
US20080320196A1 (en) * 2007-06-25 2008-12-25 Chung-Hsien Lin Computer system with processor expansion device
US7572152B2 (en) * 2007-06-27 2009-08-11 Sandisk Il Ltd. Memory interface card with SIM functions
US7978520B2 (en) 2007-09-27 2011-07-12 Sandisk Corporation Compensation of non-volatile memory chip non-idealities by program pulse adjustment
KR100878905B1 (en) * 2007-10-30 2009-01-15 (주)이지펙스 Memory card changer, method for reading or writing data in memory card changer
JP5097216B2 (en) * 2007-12-10 2012-12-12 ルネサスエレクトロニクス株式会社 Sim Adapter
US20090172235A1 (en) * 2007-12-27 2009-07-02 Mei Yan Megasim card adapter
US8423697B2 (en) * 2008-04-24 2013-04-16 American Reliance, Inc. Device interface module
EP2306264A4 (en) * 2008-05-26 2011-09-07 Sk Telecom Co Ltd Memory card supplemented with wireless communication module, terminal for using same, memory card including wpan communication module, and wpan communication method using same
CN102124432B (en) 2008-06-20 2014-11-26 因文西斯系统公司 Systems and methods for immersive interaction with actual and/or simulated facilities for process, environmental and industrial control
USD794641S1 (en) * 2009-01-07 2017-08-15 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Memory device
USD794034S1 (en) * 2009-01-07 2017-08-08 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Memory device
KR20100030126A (en) * 2008-09-09 2010-03-18 삼성전자주식회사 Memory device and electronic apparatus comprising the same
USD794642S1 (en) * 2009-01-07 2017-08-15 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Memory device
USD794644S1 (en) * 2009-01-07 2017-08-15 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Memory device
USD794643S1 (en) * 2009-01-07 2017-08-15 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Memory device
USD795262S1 (en) * 2009-01-07 2017-08-22 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Memory device
USD795261S1 (en) * 2009-01-07 2017-08-22 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Memory device
US20100067278A1 (en) * 2008-09-18 2010-03-18 Hakjune Oh Mass data storage system with non-volatile memory modules
DE112008004033T5 (en) * 2008-10-09 2012-01-19 Numonyx B.V. Virtualized ECC NAND
WO2010074677A1 (en) * 2008-12-26 2010-07-01 Thomson Licensing Method and apparatus for configurating devices
US8040744B2 (en) * 2009-01-05 2011-10-18 Sandisk Technologies Inc. Spare block management of non-volatile memories
US8244960B2 (en) * 2009-01-05 2012-08-14 Sandisk Technologies Inc. Non-volatile memory and method with write cache partition management methods
US20100174845A1 (en) * 2009-01-05 2010-07-08 Sergey Anatolievich Gorobets Wear Leveling for Non-Volatile Memories: Maintenance of Experience Count and Passive Techniques
US8094500B2 (en) * 2009-01-05 2012-01-10 Sandisk Technologies Inc. Non-volatile memory and method with write cache partitioning
US8700840B2 (en) * 2009-01-05 2014-04-15 SanDisk Technologies, Inc. Nonvolatile memory with write cache having flush/eviction methods
US8127060B2 (en) 2009-05-29 2012-02-28 Invensys Systems, Inc Methods and apparatus for control configuration with control objects that are fieldbus protocol-aware
US8463964B2 (en) 2009-05-29 2013-06-11 Invensys Systems, Inc. Methods and apparatus for control configuration with enhanced change-tracking
CN101576966A (en) * 2009-06-02 2009-11-11 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Method and device for reading and writing memory card
KR101585183B1 (en) 2009-08-14 2016-01-13 샌디스크 아이엘 엘티디 Dual interface card with backward and forward compatibility
WO2011050740A1 (en) * 2009-10-30 2011-05-05 北京飞天诚信科技有限公司 Method for identifying multi-seat card reader and communication method and system with main computer thereof
US20110102997A1 (en) * 2009-11-02 2011-05-05 Ocz Technology Group, Inc. Mass storage device and method of accessing memory devices thereof
EP2339502A1 (en) * 2009-12-21 2011-06-29 Nxp B.V. Identification card for identifying a user and communication arrangement
KR101095046B1 (en) * 2010-02-25 2011-12-20 연세대학교 산학협력단 Solid state disk and user system comprising the same
JP5641754B2 (en) * 2010-03-23 2014-12-17 dブロード株式会社 Interface card system
US7888966B1 (en) 2010-03-25 2011-02-15 Sandisk Corporation Enhancement of input/output for non source-synchronous interfaces
US8085099B2 (en) 2010-04-06 2011-12-27 Sandisk Technologies Inc. Self-calibrating relaxation oscillator based clock source
JP5664778B2 (en) * 2011-06-15 2015-02-04 富士通株式会社 The information processing apparatus, information processing method, and an information processing program
KR101264562B1 (en) * 2011-12-19 2013-05-14 에스케이씨앤씨 주식회사 Tray integrated smart card and mobile device using the same
US8851929B2 (en) * 2012-02-01 2014-10-07 Rad Data Communications Ltd. SFP functionality extender
JP2013218649A (en) * 2012-04-05 2013-10-24 Key Asic Inc Memory card adapter
CN103427261B (en) * 2012-05-16 2016-01-27 佳易科技股份有限公司 Memory card adapter apparatus
US20130311700A1 (en) * 2012-05-20 2013-11-21 Chung-Jwu Chen Extending Lifetime For Non-volatile Memory Apparatus
US9224475B2 (en) 2012-08-23 2015-12-29 Sandisk Technologies Inc. Structures and methods for making NAND flash memory
US9153595B2 (en) 2012-09-14 2015-10-06 Sandisk Technologies Inc. Methods of making word lines and select lines in NAND flash memory
US9218881B2 (en) 2012-10-23 2015-12-22 Sandisk Technologies Inc. Flash memory blocks with extended data retention
US8902669B2 (en) 2012-11-08 2014-12-02 SanDisk Technologies, Inc. Flash memory with data retention bias
US8892784B2 (en) * 2012-11-12 2014-11-18 Annapurna Labs Ltd. Adaptive apparatus
CN103064474B (en) * 2012-12-20 2016-09-28 浪潮电子信息产业股份有限公司 Suitable for high-density servers variable design method of the controller card
US20140210620A1 (en) 2013-01-25 2014-07-31 Ultraclenz Llc Wireless communication for dispenser beacons
US8942038B2 (en) 2013-04-02 2015-01-27 SanDisk Technologies, Inc. High endurance nonvolatile memory
US8932948B2 (en) 2013-04-18 2015-01-13 SanDisk Technologies, Inc. Memory cell floating gate replacement
US9401279B2 (en) 2013-06-14 2016-07-26 Sandisk Technologies Llc Transistor gate and process for making transistor gate
US8932955B1 (en) 2013-09-04 2015-01-13 Sandisk Technologies Inc. Triple patterning NAND flash memory with SOC
US9613806B2 (en) 2013-09-04 2017-04-04 Sandisk Technologies Llc Triple patterning NAND flash memory
US9218283B2 (en) 2013-12-02 2015-12-22 Sandisk Technologies Inc. Multi-die write management
ES2623730T3 (en) * 2013-12-13 2017-07-12 Inox Meccanica S.R.L. Mortise method for food products in tubes and stuffing machine for execution
US9508437B2 (en) 2014-01-30 2016-11-29 Sandisk Technologies Llc Pattern breaking in multi-die write management
US9330969B2 (en) 2014-02-12 2016-05-03 Sandisk Technologies Inc. Air gap formation between bit lines with top protection
KR20150142479A (en) * 2014-06-12 2015-12-22 삼성전자주식회사 Card Interface and Electronic Device, and Operating method including the same
US9245898B2 (en) 2014-06-30 2016-01-26 Sandisk Technologies Inc. NAND flash memory integrated circuits and processes with controlled gate height
US9466523B2 (en) 2014-07-29 2016-10-11 Sandisk Technologies Llc Contact hole collimation using etch-resistant walls
US9224637B1 (en) 2014-08-26 2015-12-29 Sandisk Technologies Inc. Bi-level dry etching scheme for transistor contacts
US9484314B2 (en) 2014-08-29 2016-11-01 Sandisk Technologies Llc Word line hook up with protected air gap
US9224744B1 (en) 2014-09-03 2015-12-29 Sandisk Technologies Inc. Wide and narrow patterning using common process
US9390922B1 (en) 2015-02-06 2016-07-12 Sandisk Technologies Llc Process for forming wide and narrow conductive lines
US9425047B1 (en) 2015-02-19 2016-08-23 Sandisk Technologies Llc Self-aligned process using variable-fluidity material
US9502428B1 (en) 2015-04-29 2016-11-22 Sandisk Technologies Llc Sidewall assisted process for wide and narrow line formation
US9595444B2 (en) 2015-05-14 2017-03-14 Sandisk Technologies Llc Floating gate separation in NAND flash memory
USD776664S1 (en) * 2015-05-20 2017-01-17 Chaya Coleena Hendrick Smart card
US9858231B2 (en) 2015-06-22 2018-01-02 Google Llc Operating system card for multiple devices
US9627393B2 (en) 2015-06-30 2017-04-18 Sandisk Technologies Llc Height reduction in memory periphery
US9613971B2 (en) 2015-07-24 2017-04-04 Sandisk Technologies Llc Select gates with central open areas
US9443862B1 (en) 2015-07-24 2016-09-13 Sandisk Technologies Llc Select gates with select gate dielectric first
US20170160956A1 (en) * 2015-12-02 2017-06-08 International Business Machines Corporation Concurrent upgrade and backup of non-volatile memory

Citations (93)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4151490A (en) * 1977-03-21 1979-04-24 Rca Corporation Automatic cable equalizer circuit
US4214210A (en) * 1978-01-09 1980-07-22 Sprague Electric Company Electromagnetic noise source locator
US4405829A (en) * 1977-12-14 1983-09-20 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Cryptographic communications system and method
US4442504A (en) * 1981-03-09 1984-04-10 Allen-Bradley Company Modular programmable controller
US4504927A (en) * 1982-09-08 1985-03-12 Allen-Bradley Company Programmable controller with expandable I/O interface circuitry
US4545010A (en) * 1983-03-31 1985-10-01 Honeywell Information Systems Inc. Memory identification apparatus and method
US4656474A (en) * 1981-10-09 1987-04-07 Compagnie Internationale Pour L'informatique Cii-Honeywell Bull (Societe Anonyme) Process and apparatus for authenticating the signature of a signed message
US4661870A (en) * 1983-11-25 1987-04-28 Media Systems Technology, Inc. Automatic micro-floppy disk drive loader
US4672182A (en) * 1983-10-17 1987-06-09 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Memory card
US4703420A (en) * 1985-02-28 1987-10-27 International Business Machines Corporation System for arbitrating use of I/O bus by co-processor and higher priority I/O units in which co-processor automatically request bus access in anticipation of need
US4734569A (en) * 1985-08-22 1988-03-29 Casio Computer Co., Ltd. IC card
US4744764A (en) * 1986-05-27 1988-05-17 Rogers Corporation Connector arrangement
US4797543A (en) * 1985-07-31 1989-01-10 501 Toppan Moore Company, Ltd. Selectable data readout IC card
US4798941A (en) * 1985-03-14 1989-01-17 501 Toppan Moore Company, Ltd. IC card
US4809326A (en) * 1985-03-05 1989-02-28 Casio Computer Co., Ltd. IC card system
US4816651A (en) * 1987-03-13 1989-03-28 U.S. Philips Corporation Process and apparatus for the simultaneous and remote reading and certifying of an information present in a memory of an electronic medium
US4829169A (en) * 1985-07-01 1989-05-09 Toppan Moore Company, Inc. IC card having state marker for record access
US4837628A (en) * 1986-07-14 1989-06-06 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Electronic still camera for recording still picture on memory card with mode selecting shutter release
US4882702A (en) * 1986-03-31 1989-11-21 Allen-Bradley Company, Inc. Programmable controller with I/O expansion module located in one of I/O module positions for communication with outside I/O modules
US4890832A (en) * 1982-10-13 1990-01-02 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Compact electronic apparatus with removable processing units
US4935962A (en) * 1988-05-19 1990-06-19 Ncr Corporation Method and system for authentication
US4980832A (en) * 1987-09-04 1990-12-25 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Fail-safe system for an anti-skid control system for an automotive brake system
US4989108A (en) * 1989-10-03 1991-01-29 Micropolis Corporation Electro-mechanical latch
US5018017A (en) * 1987-12-25 1991-05-21 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Electronic still camera and image recording method thereof
US5034804A (en) * 1987-12-25 1991-07-23 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Electronic still camera with various modes of data compression
US5036429A (en) * 1989-02-27 1991-07-30 Mips Co., Ltd IC card adapter
US5050041A (en) * 1990-06-25 1991-09-17 Max Shafi Modem mountable in wall of a computer housing with readily accessible, on/off switch, indicator means and internal switch connecting either modem or an auxiliary serial port to an I/O port
US5061845A (en) * 1990-04-30 1991-10-29 Texas Instruments Incorporated Memory card
US5093730A (en) * 1989-11-22 1992-03-03 Sony Corporation Printer for printing video image
US5099394A (en) * 1989-10-24 1992-03-24 International Business Machines Corporation Offset basecard
US5138459A (en) * 1990-11-20 1992-08-11 Personal Computer Cameras, Inc. Electronic still video camera with direct personal computer (pc) compatible digital format output
US5142446A (en) * 1990-01-09 1992-08-25 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Apparatus for securely attaching and detaching portable computer terminals to portable optional devices
US5155663A (en) * 1990-02-19 1992-10-13 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Memory cartridge system with adapter
US5172338A (en) * 1989-04-13 1992-12-15 Sundisk Corporation Multi-state EEprom read and write circuits and techniques
US5184282A (en) * 1989-02-27 1993-02-02 Mips Co., Ltd. IC card adapter
US5191193A (en) * 1989-10-13 1993-03-02 Gemplus Card International System of payment or information transfer by money card with electronic memory
US5207586A (en) * 1991-10-24 1993-05-04 Intel Corporation Integral connector system for credit card size I/O card external connector
US5262984A (en) * 1988-07-29 1993-11-16 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Non-volatile memory device capable of storing multi-state data
US5274765A (en) * 1989-04-17 1993-12-28 Bull S.A Multifunctional coupler for connecting a central processing unit of a computer to one or more peripheral devices
US5278759A (en) * 1991-05-07 1994-01-11 Chrysler Corporation System and method for reprogramming vehicle computers
US5293236A (en) * 1991-01-11 1994-03-08 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Electronic still camera including an EEPROM memory card and having a continuous shoot mode
US5293029A (en) * 1989-01-17 1994-03-08 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba System for mutually certifying an IC card and an IC card terminal
US5293560A (en) * 1988-06-08 1994-03-08 Eliyahou Harari Multi-state flash EEPROM system using incremental programing and erasing methods
US5295077A (en) * 1991-01-23 1994-03-15 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Digital electronic still camera
US5297272A (en) * 1989-08-02 1994-03-22 Advanced Logic Research, Inc. Apparatus for automatically disabling and isolating a computer's original processor upon installation of a processor upgrade card
US5299089A (en) * 1991-10-28 1994-03-29 E. I. Dupont De Nemours & Co. Connector device having two storage decks and three contact arrays for one hard disk drive package or two memory cards
US5302947A (en) * 1992-07-31 1994-04-12 Motorola, Inc. Method and apparatus for loading a software program from a radio modem into an external computer
US5313350A (en) * 1992-11-13 1994-05-17 Maxtor Corporation Plug-in actuator latch mechanism
US5317636A (en) * 1992-12-09 1994-05-31 Arris, Inc. Method and apparatus for securing credit card transactions
US5323376A (en) * 1991-07-11 1994-06-21 International Business Machines Atomic scale electronic switch
US5330360A (en) * 1992-08-21 1994-07-19 The Whitaker Corporation Memory card and connector therefor
US5332722A (en) * 1987-12-02 1994-07-26 Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd Nonvolatile memory element composed of combined superconductor ring and MOSFET
US5335413A (en) * 1992-07-27 1994-08-09 Yazaki Corporation Connector terminal inspection device and inspection method
US5343530A (en) * 1991-09-03 1994-08-30 Gemplus Card International Method for the authentication of data
US5343319A (en) * 1993-06-14 1994-08-30 Motorola, Inc. Apparatus for adapting an electrical communications port to an optical communications port
US5345364A (en) * 1993-08-18 1994-09-06 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Edge-connecting printed circuit board
US5357573A (en) * 1991-08-12 1994-10-18 Intelligent Solution Services Gmbh Memory card
US5363335A (en) * 1993-09-28 1994-11-08 Intel Corporation Nonvolatile memory with automatic power supply configuration
US5371705A (en) * 1992-05-25 1994-12-06 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Internal voltage generator for a non-volatile semiconductor memory device
US5373149A (en) * 1993-02-01 1994-12-13 At&T Bell Laboratories Folding electronic card assembly
US5375037A (en) * 1992-01-14 1994-12-20 Gemplus Card International Memory card having a recessed portion with contacts connected to an access card
US5379290A (en) * 1992-08-14 1995-01-03 Ncr Corporation Wireless local area network transmission system
US5381043A (en) * 1990-01-29 1995-01-10 Hitachi, Ltd. Power supply arrangement and connector
US5392447A (en) * 1992-01-10 1995-02-21 Eastman Kodak Compay Image-based electronic pocket organizer with integral scanning unit
US5394362A (en) * 1991-02-08 1995-02-28 Banks; Gerald J. Electrically alterable non-voltatile memory with N-bits per memory cell
US5404142A (en) * 1993-08-05 1995-04-04 Analog Devices, Incorporated Data-directed scrambler for multi-bit noise shaping D/A converters
US5423086A (en) * 1992-10-19 1995-06-06 Motorola, Inc. Dual port memory communication for a radio frequency device and a personal computer
US5430859A (en) * 1991-07-26 1995-07-04 Sundisk Corporation Solid state memory system including plural memory chips and a serialized bus
US5434825A (en) * 1988-06-08 1995-07-18 Harari; Eliyahou Flash EEPROM system cell array with more than two storage states per memory cell
US5438359A (en) * 1992-09-16 1995-08-01 Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Electronic camera system using IC memory card
US5440244A (en) * 1993-02-10 1995-08-08 Cirrus Logic, Inc. Method and apparatus for controlling a mixed voltage interface in a multivoltage system
US5450140A (en) * 1993-04-21 1995-09-12 Washino; Kinya Personal-computer-based video production system
US5451839A (en) * 1993-01-12 1995-09-19 Rappaport; Theodore S. Portable real time cellular telephone and pager network system monitor
US5457590A (en) * 1989-12-12 1995-10-10 Smartdiskette Gmbh Insertable element for a disk station of EDP equipment with connections to external components
US5475441A (en) * 1992-12-10 1995-12-12 Eastman Kodak Company Electronic camera with memory card interface to a computer
US5488433A (en) * 1993-04-21 1996-01-30 Kinya Washino Dual compression format digital video production system
US5497464A (en) * 1991-11-01 1996-03-05 Yeh; Keming W. Address mapping logic for transferring data between a peripheral device of a base function expander unit and a palmtop computer as if the peripheral was a peripheral of the computer
US5528758A (en) * 1991-11-01 1996-06-18 Yeh; Keming W. Method and apparatus for providing a portable computer with integrated circuit (IC) memory card storage in custom and standard formats
US5550709A (en) * 1993-07-23 1996-08-27 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba External storage device
US5584043A (en) * 1991-06-26 1996-12-10 Smartdiskette Gmbh Apparatus having a smart card accomodated by a diskette frame containing processor memory and battery power for interfacing with a standard diskette drive
US5602987A (en) * 1989-04-13 1997-02-11 Sandisk Corporation Flash EEprom system
US5611057A (en) * 1994-10-06 1997-03-11 Dell Usa, L.P. Computer system modular add-in daughter card for an adapter card which also functions as an independent add-in card
US5615344A (en) * 1992-11-12 1997-03-25 New Media Corp. Apparatus used to interface a peripheral device to a computer employing a reconfigurable interface circuit
US5644539A (en) * 1991-11-26 1997-07-01 Hitachi, Ltd. Storage device employing a flash memory
US5663901A (en) * 1991-04-11 1997-09-02 Sandisk Corporation Computer memory cards using flash EEPROM integrated circuit chips and memory-controller systems
US5682548A (en) * 1993-08-12 1997-10-28 Databook, Incorporated Interface component for coupling main bus of computer system to peripheral ports having windows each includes bit specifying whether operations are quiet or not quiet
US5778418A (en) * 1991-09-27 1998-07-07 Sandisk Corporation Mass computer storage system having both solid state and rotating disk types of memory
US5781797A (en) * 1992-09-30 1998-07-14 Microsoft Corporation Method and system for configuring device driver by selecting a plurality of component drivers to be included in the device driver
US5829014A (en) * 1991-04-04 1998-10-27 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Method of supervising storage of data in a memory card having EEPROM and a memory card system using the same
US5887145A (en) * 1993-09-01 1999-03-23 Sandisk Corporation Removable mother/daughter peripheral card
US5995344A (en) * 1996-06-14 1999-11-30 Sony Corporation Disc cartridge having design parameters of a recording and/or reproduction medium housed therein
US6081850A (en) * 1991-12-27 2000-06-27 Intel Corporation Storing dynamically loaded device drivers on a mass storage device to support access to removable computer cards
US6226724B1 (en) * 1997-09-03 2001-05-01 Motorola, Inc. Memory controller and method for generating commands to a memory

Family Cites Families (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0642740B2 (en) * 1981-05-12 1994-06-01 富士写真フイルム株式会社 Image recording and reproducing apparatus
JPS5889304A (en) 1981-11-21 1983-05-27 Hashimoto Denki Co Ltd Automatic centering device for material wood
DE3247791C2 (en) * 1981-12-25 1989-08-24 Canon K.K., Tokio/Tokyo, Jp
US4572182A (en) * 1983-12-27 1986-02-25 Instromedix, Inc. Notched pressure pad for an artery clamp
DE3546780C2 (en) 1985-09-02 1996-04-25 Amphenol Corp Contact unit for chip card access
JPS62111187U (en) 1985-12-27 1987-07-15
JPS62214478A (en) 1986-03-17 1987-09-21 Fujitsu Ltd Image data storage device
JPH0758500B2 (en) * 1987-02-20 1995-06-21 株式会社東芝 Portable electronic devices
US5095344A (en) 1988-06-08 1992-03-10 Eliyahou Harari Highly compact eprom and flash eeprom devices
JPH0733402Y2 (en) 1989-03-01 1995-07-31 Connector device
JPH032099A (en) 1989-05-31 1991-01-08 Toshiba Corp Preparation of ic card
JP2826125B2 (en) 1989-05-31 1998-11-18 株式会社クラレ Rotomolding container and its preparation
JPH0764143B2 (en) 1989-07-05 1995-07-12 セイコーエプソン株式会社 Static charge removal structure of the memory card
JPH03114788A (en) 1989-09-29 1991-05-15 Citizen Watch Co Ltd Structure of ic card
GB9020002D0 (en) 1990-09-13 1990-10-24 Amp Holland Card reader
JPH04148999A (en) 1990-10-12 1992-05-21 Dainippon Printing Co Ltd Ic card
JPH0589304A (en) 1991-09-30 1993-04-09 Toshiba Ave Corp Memory card
JP2821306B2 (en) * 1992-03-06 1998-11-05 三菱電機株式会社 Authentication method and system between Ic card and terminal
US5519843A (en) * 1993-03-15 1996-05-21 M-Systems Flash memory system providing both BIOS and user storage capability

Patent Citations (97)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4151490A (en) * 1977-03-21 1979-04-24 Rca Corporation Automatic cable equalizer circuit
US4405829A (en) * 1977-12-14 1983-09-20 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Cryptographic communications system and method
US4214210A (en) * 1978-01-09 1980-07-22 Sprague Electric Company Electromagnetic noise source locator
US4442504A (en) * 1981-03-09 1984-04-10 Allen-Bradley Company Modular programmable controller
US4656474A (en) * 1981-10-09 1987-04-07 Compagnie Internationale Pour L'informatique Cii-Honeywell Bull (Societe Anonyme) Process and apparatus for authenticating the signature of a signed message
US4504927A (en) * 1982-09-08 1985-03-12 Allen-Bradley Company Programmable controller with expandable I/O interface circuitry
US4890832A (en) * 1982-10-13 1990-01-02 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Compact electronic apparatus with removable processing units
US4545010A (en) * 1983-03-31 1985-10-01 Honeywell Information Systems Inc. Memory identification apparatus and method
US4672182A (en) * 1983-10-17 1987-06-09 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Memory card
US4661870A (en) * 1983-11-25 1987-04-28 Media Systems Technology, Inc. Automatic micro-floppy disk drive loader
US4703420A (en) * 1985-02-28 1987-10-27 International Business Machines Corporation System for arbitrating use of I/O bus by co-processor and higher priority I/O units in which co-processor automatically request bus access in anticipation of need
US4809326A (en) * 1985-03-05 1989-02-28 Casio Computer Co., Ltd. IC card system
US4798941A (en) * 1985-03-14 1989-01-17 501 Toppan Moore Company, Ltd. IC card
US4829169A (en) * 1985-07-01 1989-05-09 Toppan Moore Company, Inc. IC card having state marker for record access
US4797543A (en) * 1985-07-31 1989-01-10 501 Toppan Moore Company, Ltd. Selectable data readout IC card
US4734569A (en) * 1985-08-22 1988-03-29 Casio Computer Co., Ltd. IC card
US4882702A (en) * 1986-03-31 1989-11-21 Allen-Bradley Company, Inc. Programmable controller with I/O expansion module located in one of I/O module positions for communication with outside I/O modules
US4744764A (en) * 1986-05-27 1988-05-17 Rogers Corporation Connector arrangement
US4837628A (en) * 1986-07-14 1989-06-06 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Electronic still camera for recording still picture on memory card with mode selecting shutter release
US4816651A (en) * 1987-03-13 1989-03-28 U.S. Philips Corporation Process and apparatus for the simultaneous and remote reading and certifying of an information present in a memory of an electronic medium
US4980832A (en) * 1987-09-04 1990-12-25 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Fail-safe system for an anti-skid control system for an automotive brake system
US5332722A (en) * 1987-12-02 1994-07-26 Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd Nonvolatile memory element composed of combined superconductor ring and MOSFET
US5018017A (en) * 1987-12-25 1991-05-21 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Electronic still camera and image recording method thereof
US5034804A (en) * 1987-12-25 1991-07-23 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Electronic still camera with various modes of data compression
US4935962A (en) * 1988-05-19 1990-06-19 Ncr Corporation Method and system for authentication
US5434825A (en) * 1988-06-08 1995-07-18 Harari; Eliyahou Flash EEPROM system cell array with more than two storage states per memory cell
US5293560A (en) * 1988-06-08 1994-03-08 Eliyahou Harari Multi-state flash EEPROM system using incremental programing and erasing methods
US5262984A (en) * 1988-07-29 1993-11-16 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Non-volatile memory device capable of storing multi-state data
US5293029A (en) * 1989-01-17 1994-03-08 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba System for mutually certifying an IC card and an IC card terminal
US5184282A (en) * 1989-02-27 1993-02-02 Mips Co., Ltd. IC card adapter
US5036429A (en) * 1989-02-27 1991-07-30 Mips Co., Ltd IC card adapter
US5172338B1 (en) * 1989-04-13 1997-07-08 Sandisk Corp Multi-state eeprom read and write circuits and techniques
US5602987A (en) * 1989-04-13 1997-02-11 Sandisk Corporation Flash EEprom system
US5172338A (en) * 1989-04-13 1992-12-15 Sundisk Corporation Multi-state EEprom read and write circuits and techniques
US5671229A (en) * 1989-04-13 1997-09-23 Sandisk Corporation Flash eeprom system with defect handling
US5274765A (en) * 1989-04-17 1993-12-28 Bull S.A Multifunctional coupler for connecting a central processing unit of a computer to one or more peripheral devices
US5297272A (en) * 1989-08-02 1994-03-22 Advanced Logic Research, Inc. Apparatus for automatically disabling and isolating a computer's original processor upon installation of a processor upgrade card
US4989108A (en) * 1989-10-03 1991-01-29 Micropolis Corporation Electro-mechanical latch
US5191193A (en) * 1989-10-13 1993-03-02 Gemplus Card International System of payment or information transfer by money card with electronic memory
US5099394A (en) * 1989-10-24 1992-03-24 International Business Machines Corporation Offset basecard
US5093730A (en) * 1989-11-22 1992-03-03 Sony Corporation Printer for printing video image
US5457590A (en) * 1989-12-12 1995-10-10 Smartdiskette Gmbh Insertable element for a disk station of EDP equipment with connections to external components
US5142446A (en) * 1990-01-09 1992-08-25 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Apparatus for securely attaching and detaching portable computer terminals to portable optional devices
US5381043A (en) * 1990-01-29 1995-01-10 Hitachi, Ltd. Power supply arrangement and connector
US5155663A (en) * 1990-02-19 1992-10-13 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Memory cartridge system with adapter
US5061845A (en) * 1990-04-30 1991-10-29 Texas Instruments Incorporated Memory card
US5050041A (en) * 1990-06-25 1991-09-17 Max Shafi Modem mountable in wall of a computer housing with readily accessible, on/off switch, indicator means and internal switch connecting either modem or an auxiliary serial port to an I/O port
US5138459A (en) * 1990-11-20 1992-08-11 Personal Computer Cameras, Inc. Electronic still video camera with direct personal computer (pc) compatible digital format output
US5293236A (en) * 1991-01-11 1994-03-08 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Electronic still camera including an EEPROM memory card and having a continuous shoot mode
US5295077A (en) * 1991-01-23 1994-03-15 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Digital electronic still camera
US5394362A (en) * 1991-02-08 1995-02-28 Banks; Gerald J. Electrically alterable non-voltatile memory with N-bits per memory cell
US5829014A (en) * 1991-04-04 1998-10-27 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Method of supervising storage of data in a memory card having EEPROM and a memory card system using the same
US5663901A (en) * 1991-04-11 1997-09-02 Sandisk Corporation Computer memory cards using flash EEPROM integrated circuit chips and memory-controller systems
US5278759A (en) * 1991-05-07 1994-01-11 Chrysler Corporation System and method for reprogramming vehicle computers
US5584043A (en) * 1991-06-26 1996-12-10 Smartdiskette Gmbh Apparatus having a smart card accomodated by a diskette frame containing processor memory and battery power for interfacing with a standard diskette drive
US5323376A (en) * 1991-07-11 1994-06-21 International Business Machines Atomic scale electronic switch
US5430859A (en) * 1991-07-26 1995-07-04 Sundisk Corporation Solid state memory system including plural memory chips and a serialized bus
US5357573A (en) * 1991-08-12 1994-10-18 Intelligent Solution Services Gmbh Memory card
US5343530A (en) * 1991-09-03 1994-08-30 Gemplus Card International Method for the authentication of data
US5778418A (en) * 1991-09-27 1998-07-07 Sandisk Corporation Mass computer storage system having both solid state and rotating disk types of memory
US5207586A (en) * 1991-10-24 1993-05-04 Intel Corporation Integral connector system for credit card size I/O card external connector
US5299089A (en) * 1991-10-28 1994-03-29 E. I. Dupont De Nemours & Co. Connector device having two storage decks and three contact arrays for one hard disk drive package or two memory cards
US5497464A (en) * 1991-11-01 1996-03-05 Yeh; Keming W. Address mapping logic for transferring data between a peripheral device of a base function expander unit and a palmtop computer as if the peripheral was a peripheral of the computer
US5528758A (en) * 1991-11-01 1996-06-18 Yeh; Keming W. Method and apparatus for providing a portable computer with integrated circuit (IC) memory card storage in custom and standard formats
US5644539A (en) * 1991-11-26 1997-07-01 Hitachi, Ltd. Storage device employing a flash memory
US6081850A (en) * 1991-12-27 2000-06-27 Intel Corporation Storing dynamically loaded device drivers on a mass storage device to support access to removable computer cards
US5392447A (en) * 1992-01-10 1995-02-21 Eastman Kodak Compay Image-based electronic pocket organizer with integral scanning unit
US5375037A (en) * 1992-01-14 1994-12-20 Gemplus Card International Memory card having a recessed portion with contacts connected to an access card
US5371705A (en) * 1992-05-25 1994-12-06 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Internal voltage generator for a non-volatile semiconductor memory device
US5335413A (en) * 1992-07-27 1994-08-09 Yazaki Corporation Connector terminal inspection device and inspection method
US5302947A (en) * 1992-07-31 1994-04-12 Motorola, Inc. Method and apparatus for loading a software program from a radio modem into an external computer
US5418524A (en) * 1992-07-31 1995-05-23 Motorola, Inc. Method and apparatus for over-the-air upgrading of radio modem application software
US5379290A (en) * 1992-08-14 1995-01-03 Ncr Corporation Wireless local area network transmission system
US5330360A (en) * 1992-08-21 1994-07-19 The Whitaker Corporation Memory card and connector therefor
US5438359A (en) * 1992-09-16 1995-08-01 Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Electronic camera system using IC memory card
US5781797A (en) * 1992-09-30 1998-07-14 Microsoft Corporation Method and system for configuring device driver by selecting a plurality of component drivers to be included in the device driver
US5423086A (en) * 1992-10-19 1995-06-06 Motorola, Inc. Dual port memory communication for a radio frequency device and a personal computer
US5615344A (en) * 1992-11-12 1997-03-25 New Media Corp. Apparatus used to interface a peripheral device to a computer employing a reconfigurable interface circuit
US5313350A (en) * 1992-11-13 1994-05-17 Maxtor Corporation Plug-in actuator latch mechanism
US5317636A (en) * 1992-12-09 1994-05-31 Arris, Inc. Method and apparatus for securing credit card transactions
US5475441A (en) * 1992-12-10 1995-12-12 Eastman Kodak Company Electronic camera with memory card interface to a computer
US5451839A (en) * 1993-01-12 1995-09-19 Rappaport; Theodore S. Portable real time cellular telephone and pager network system monitor
US5373149A (en) * 1993-02-01 1994-12-13 At&T Bell Laboratories Folding electronic card assembly
US5440244A (en) * 1993-02-10 1995-08-08 Cirrus Logic, Inc. Method and apparatus for controlling a mixed voltage interface in a multivoltage system
US5488433A (en) * 1993-04-21 1996-01-30 Kinya Washino Dual compression format digital video production system
US5537157A (en) * 1993-04-21 1996-07-16 Kinya Washino Multi-format audio/video production system
US5450140A (en) * 1993-04-21 1995-09-12 Washino; Kinya Personal-computer-based video production system
US5343319A (en) * 1993-06-14 1994-08-30 Motorola, Inc. Apparatus for adapting an electrical communications port to an optical communications port
US5550709A (en) * 1993-07-23 1996-08-27 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba External storage device
US5404142A (en) * 1993-08-05 1995-04-04 Analog Devices, Incorporated Data-directed scrambler for multi-bit noise shaping D/A converters
US5682548A (en) * 1993-08-12 1997-10-28 Databook, Incorporated Interface component for coupling main bus of computer system to peripheral ports having windows each includes bit specifying whether operations are quiet or not quiet
US5345364A (en) * 1993-08-18 1994-09-06 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Edge-connecting printed circuit board
US5887145A (en) * 1993-09-01 1999-03-23 Sandisk Corporation Removable mother/daughter peripheral card
US5363335A (en) * 1993-09-28 1994-11-08 Intel Corporation Nonvolatile memory with automatic power supply configuration
US5611057A (en) * 1994-10-06 1997-03-11 Dell Usa, L.P. Computer system modular add-in daughter card for an adapter card which also functions as an independent add-in card
US5995344A (en) * 1996-06-14 1999-11-30 Sony Corporation Disc cartridge having design parameters of a recording and/or reproduction medium housed therein
US6226724B1 (en) * 1997-09-03 2001-05-01 Motorola, Inc. Memory controller and method for generating commands to a memory

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090283885A1 (en) * 2001-04-02 2009-11-19 Renesas Technology Corp. Semiconductor Device and a Method of Manufacturing the Same
US8373980B2 (en) 2010-10-22 2013-02-12 Explore Technologies Corp. System for mounting a display to a computer
US8699220B2 (en) 2010-10-22 2014-04-15 Xplore Technologies Corp. Computer with removable cartridge
US8699216B2 (en) 2010-10-22 2014-04-15 Xplore Technologies Corp. Computer with door-mounted electronics
US8941981B2 (en) 2010-10-22 2015-01-27 Xplore Technologies Corp. Computer with high intensity screen
US9383788B2 (en) 2010-10-22 2016-07-05 Xplore Technologies Corp. Computer with high intensity screen
US20140201431A1 (en) * 2011-08-24 2014-07-17 Rambus Inc. Distributed procedure execution and file systems on a memory interface
US20150268788A1 (en) * 2014-03-20 2015-09-24 Lucan Technologies, Inc. Multiple system interoperable interactive graphical user interface with upgradable, exchanable, and user removable central processing unit card
US20160012006A1 (en) * 2014-07-14 2016-01-14 Xpliant, Inc. Baseboard interconnection device, system and method
US20160048178A1 (en) * 2014-08-14 2016-02-18 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Memory card socket and data processing device including the same
US9753503B2 (en) * 2014-08-14 2017-09-05 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Memory card socket and data processing device including the same

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
US20100205360A1 (en) 2010-08-12 application
US6266724B1 (en) 2001-07-24 grant
US5887145A (en) 1999-03-23 grant
US6381662B1 (en) 2002-04-30 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7227952B2 (en) System, method, and device for playing back recorded audio, video or other content from non-volatile memory cards, compact disks or other media
US6853573B2 (en) Non-volatile semiconductor memory device for connecting to serial advanced technology attachment cable
US7114659B2 (en) Universal non-volatile memory card used with various different standard cards containing a memory controller
US5815426A (en) Adapter for interfacing an insertable/removable digital memory apparatus to a host data part
US7440287B1 (en) Extended USB PCBA and device with dual personality
US20050037647A1 (en) Memory card compatible with multiple connector standards
US20040230817A1 (en) Method and system for disaster recovery of data from a storage device
US20030177300A1 (en) Data processing method in high-capacity flash EEPROM card system
US7222205B2 (en) Flashtoaster for reading several types of flash-memory cards with or without a PC
US20050015540A1 (en) Auto-executable portable data storage device and the method of auto-execution thereof
US20050182881A1 (en) Extended-Secure-Digital Interface Using a Second Protocol for Faster Transfers
US7364090B2 (en) Memory cards having two standard sets of contacts
US7082483B2 (en) System and apparatus for compressing and decompressing data stored to a portable data storage device
US6501163B1 (en) Semiconductor memory card
US20030167376A1 (en) Portable storage medium based on universal serial bus standard and control method therefor
US20050055479A1 (en) Multi-module circuit card with inter-module direct memory access
US7305535B2 (en) Memory cards including a standard security function
EP1209574A2 (en) USB computer memory drive
US20050070157A1 (en) Dual digital data connector
US7296098B2 (en) Portable data converting and processing storage device with standard interface wherein the body unity does not include any built-in flash memory
US20030028699A1 (en) Removable computer with mass storage
US6340117B1 (en) Apparatus and method for transferring information between a removable memory and a computer
US5987536A (en) Computer system having flash memory bios which can be accessed while protected mode operating system is running
US20050193162A1 (en) USB card reader
US6851018B2 (en) Exchanging operation parameters between a data storage device and a controller

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: SANDISK TECHNOLOGIES INC., TEXAS

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SANDISK CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:038438/0904

Effective date: 20160324

AS Assignment

Owner name: SANDISK TECHNOLOGIES LLC, TEXAS

Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:SANDISK TECHNOLOGIES INC;REEL/FRAME:038809/0672

Effective date: 20160516