US20100135964A1 - Tissue grafting method - Google Patents

Tissue grafting method Download PDF

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Publication number
US20100135964A1
US20100135964A1 US12/452,717 US45271708A US2010135964A1 US 20100135964 A1 US20100135964 A1 US 20100135964A1 US 45271708 A US45271708 A US 45271708A US 2010135964 A1 US2010135964 A1 US 2010135964A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
tissue
tunica
graft
step
tunica serosa
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12/452,717
Inventor
Carlos A. Alvarado
Original Assignee
Alvarado Carlos A
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US96037607P priority Critical
Application filed by Alvarado Carlos A filed Critical Alvarado Carlos A
Priority to PCT/IB2008/053921 priority patent/WO2009040768A2/en
Publication of US20100135964A1 publication Critical patent/US20100135964A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L27/00Materials for grafts or prostheses or for coating grafts or prostheses
    • A61L27/36Materials for grafts or prostheses or for coating grafts or prostheses containing ingredients of undetermined constitution or reaction products thereof, e.g. transplant tissue, natural bone, extracellular matrix
    • A61L27/3604Materials for grafts or prostheses or for coating grafts or prostheses containing ingredients of undetermined constitution or reaction products thereof, e.g. transplant tissue, natural bone, extracellular matrix characterised by the human or animal origin of the biological material, e.g. hair, fascia, fish scales, silk, shellac, pericardium, pleura, renal tissue, amniotic membrane, parenchymal tissue, fetal tissue, muscle tissue, fat tissue, enamel
    • A61L27/3629Intestinal tissue, e.g. small intestinal submucosa

Abstract

The tissue grafting method relates to a tissue graft material, a method of preparing the material, and a method of using the material. The tissue graft material is made from the tunica serosa of the small intestine of a warm-blooded vertebrate, which has been delaminated from the tunica muscularis, tunica submucosa, and the tunica mucosa of the intestinal tissue. The tissue graft material may be perforated by discrete punctures. The tissue graft material is dehydrated by air drying or vacuum drying, sterilized with ethylene oxide, and stored in a hermetically sealed enclosure at room temperature until needed, having an indefinite storage life. When needed, the tissue graft material is rehydrated, cut to match the size of the wound, and applied to the wound. The graft may be overlaid with nylon mesh, or bandaged with an elastic tubular dressing.

Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD
  • The present invention relates to a tissue graft, a method of preparing the tissue graft, and a method of using the tissue graft for the treatment of burns, cuts, or other wounds.
  • BACKGROUND ART
  • Wounds that involve injuries to significant areas of human skin are difficult to treat. Covering the wound is an important aspect to successful care, and is often limited by lack of suitable autograft material. As a result, resort is usually made to allografts, often from cadavers. However, often a suitable donor is not at hand due to the requirement for immune system compatibility. This can prove to be a taxing problem, particularly when the patient has extensive burn or wound area requiring skin replacement, or in the case of disasters involving multiple burn victims. When autografts and allografts are not available, xenografts or biologic dressings are used to cover the area until a suitable allograft is available, often using porcine tissue.
  • Nevertheless, even suitable xenograft material may not be available, as such graft material has a limited storage life. Frequently covering the wound area as quickly as possible is necessary to prevent infection and promote healing. There is a need for a suitable tissue graft material that has an extended or indefinite storage life for use as skin graft material or biologic dressings for burns, cuts, or other wounds requiring a skin graft. Thus, a tissue grafting method solving the aforementioned problems is desired.
  • DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION
  • The tissue grafting method relates to a tissue graft material, a method of preparing the material, and a method of using the material. The tissue graft material is made from the tunica serosa of the small intestine of a warm-blooded vertebrate, which has been delaminated from the tunica muscularis, tunica submucosa, and the tunica mucosa of the intestinal tissue. The tissue graft material may be perforated by discrete punctures. The tissue graft material is dehydrated by air drying or vacuum drying, sterilized with ethylene oxide, and stored in a hermetically sealed enclosure at room temperature until needed, having an indefinite storage life. When needed, the tissue graft material is rehydrated, cut to match the size of the wound, and applied to the wound. The graft may be overlaid with nylon mesh, or bandaged with an elastic tubular dressing.
  • Previously, the tunica serosa had simply been discarded from xenograft tissues. The present inventor has found, however, that the tunica serosa from the small intestine adheres almost instantaneously to the wound area, remains for a long period without shrinkage or distortion, and when stored as described above, has a long or indefinite storage life. The tissue graft material is particularly well suited for superficial and deep second degree burns (partial thickness burns, erosions, or abrasion by cosmetic peeling.
  • These and other features of the present invention will become readily apparent upon further review of the following specification.
  • BEST MODES FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION
  • The present invention is a tissue grafting method that relates to a tissue graft material, a method of preparing the material, and a method of using the material. The tissue graft material is made from the tunica serosa of the small intestine of a warm-blooded vertebrate, which has been delaminated from the tunica muscularis, tunica submucosa, and the tunica mucosa of the intestinal tissue. The tissue graft material may be perforated by discrete punctures. The tissue graft material is dehydrated by air drying or vacuum drying, sterilized with ethylene oxide, and stored in a hermetically sealed enclosure at room temperature until needed, having an indefinite storage life. When needed, the tissue graft material is rehydrated, cut to match the size of the wound, and applied to the wound. The graft may be overlaid with nylon mesh, or bandaged with an elastic tubular dressing.
  • Previously, the tunica serosa had simply been discarded from xenograft tissues. The present inventor has found, however, that the tunica serosa from the small intestine adheres almost instantaneously to the wound area, remains for a long period without shrinkage or distortion, and when stored as described above, as a long or indefinite storage life. The tissue graft material is particularly well suited for superficial and deep second degree burns (partial thickness burns, erosions, or abrasion by cosmetic peeling.
  • The tunica serosa is a membrane lining the external walls of the body cavities and is reflected over the surfaces of protruding organs, i.e., the tunica serosa is the membrane lining body cavities. Reference is made to the sole drawing FIGURE in U.S. Pat. No. 4,902, 508, issued Feb. 2, 1990 to Badylak et al., the drawing FIGURE being hereby incorporated by reference, in which the tunica serosa is shown as layer B. In preparing tissue for conventional xenografts, this layer is discarded.
  • In the present invention, however, it is the tunica serosa that is used for tissue grafting, and the remaining layers are discarded. The tissue is obtained from the small intestine of a warm-blooded vertebrate, typically porcine, bovine, ovine, canine, caprine, equine, or piscine tissue, but not excluding other species. Such animals may be destroyed at a slaughterhouse, a rendering plant, a veterinary clinic, or some other location. At that time, the small intestine, or a portion of the small intestine to be used to obtain tissue graft material, is removed and stored in isotonic saline in a hermetically sealed enclosure.
  • The small intestine, or portion thereof, may then be further processed at a clinic, laboratory, hospital, or other sterile or sanitary facility. The portion of the small intestine is removed from the hermetically sealed enclosure. Using aseptic techniques, the dried tissue is then passed through three (3) rinses of isotonic saline solution for fifteen (15) minutes, one (1) rinse of 0.02% sodium hypochlorite, and a final rinse of saline solution to remove residual chemicals.
  • After rinsing, the tissue is subjected to treatment with hydrogen peroxide (about 2% concentration by volume) for about one-half hour to ensure the absence of contaminants, e.g., endotoxins, pyrogens, and the like. The tunica serosa is then removed from the small intestine. One method for obtaining the tissue is everting the intestine, incising the tubular material longitudinally, and delaminating the tunica serosa from the remaining tissue by gentle abrasion using moistened gauze in order to remove the tunica muscularis, tunica submucosa, and tunica mucosa of the intestinal tissue. However, other methods may be used for delaminating the tunica serosa from the underlying mucosal and submucosal layers, such as by using a disinfected or sterile casing machine.
  • Once removed from the other layers of intestinal tissue, the tunica serosa is cut into pieces having a length of about eight inches. Preferably, the tunica serosa is then perforated by discrete punctures. The purpose of perforating the tissue graft material is to permit wound exudates to escape through the perforations once the graft is in place, rather than allowing the exudates to build up under the membrane. The tunica serosa may then be dehydrated by air-drying or vacuum drying.
  • The tissue graft material is then re-sterilized with ethylene oxide and stored in a hermetically sealed enclosure at room temperature. Tunica serosa prepared and stored in this manner has a long or indefinite storage life.
  • When needed for use as a tissue graft, the tunica serosa is rehydrated. The surface area requiring the skin graft is treated with an antiseptic to produce a cleansed graft zone. The tissue graft is cut into a planar shape having a size substantially corresponding to the cleansed graft zone. The tissue graft is then layered onto the cleansed graft zone to produce a dressed graft zone. The tissue graft adheres to the exposed wound surface area almost instantaneously, and may remain for long periods without shrinkage and without distortion. The dressed wound may be covered with a nylon mesh or an elastic, tubular bandage. The wound and the tissue may alternatively be exposed to light for desiccation.
  • The tunica serosa may be used for tissue grafts to humans, but may also be used for veterinary purposes for skin grafts to horses, dogs, or other vertebrates in need of closure of wounds resulting from burns, cuts, or other causes.
  • It is to be understood that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, but encompasses any and all embodiments within the scope of the following claims.

Claims (20)

1. A tissue grafting method, comprising the steps of:
treating a surface area requiring a skin graft with an antiseptic to produce a cleansed graft zone;
cutting a tissue graft composed of the tunica serosa from the small intestine of a warm-blooded vertebrate into a planar shape having a size substantially corresponding to the cleansed graft zone; and
layering the tissue graft onto the cleansed graft zone to produce a dressed graft zone.
2. The tissue grafting method according to claim 1, further comprising the step of rehydrating the tissue graft prior to the step of cutting the tissue graft if the tissue graft has been stored in a dehydrated state.
3. The tissue grafting method according to claim 1, further comprising the step of covering the dressed graft zone with nylon mesh.
4. The tissue grafting method according to claim 1, further comprising the step of covering the dressed graft zone with an elastic, tubular bandage.
5. The tissue grafting method according to claim 1, further comprising the step of exposing the dressed graft zone to light for desiccation.
6. The tissue grafting method according to claim 1, wherein said step of treating a surface area requiring a skin graft further comprises treating a surface area of a human being requiring a skin graft.
7. The tissue grafting method according to claim 1, wherein said step of treating a surface area requiring a skin graft further comprises treating a surface area of a vertebrate requiring a skin graft.
8. A tissue graft, comprising the tunica serosa from the small intestine of a warm-blooded vertebrate, the tunica serosa being delaminated from the tunica muscularis, tunica submucosa and tunica mucosa, dried, cut into lengths of about eight inches, sterilized, and stored in a hermetically sealed enclosure.
9. The tissue graft according to claim 8, wherein the tunica serosa comprises tissue obtained from the small intestine of a warm-blooded vertebrate.
10. The tissue graft according to claim 9, wherein the tunica serosa comprises tissue selected from the group consisting of porcine tissue, bovine tissue, ovine tissue, canine tissue, caprine tissue, equine tissue, and piscine tissue.
11. The tissue graft according to claim 8, wherein the tunica serosa has a plurality of perforations formed therein for permitting wound exudates to escape through the perforations.
12. A method of preparing and packaging a tissue graft, comprising the steps of:
excising at least a portion of a small intestine from a warm-blooded vertebrate;
delaminating the tunica serosa from remaining tissue of the small intestine;
cutting the tunica serosa into lengths of about eight inches;
dehydrating the tunica serosa;
sterilizing the tunica serosa; and
storing the tunica serosa a hermetically sealed enclosure to provide a packaged tissue graft for a skin graft to a patient in need of skin grafting.
13. The method of preparing and packaging a tissue graft according to claim 12, further comprising the step of perforating the tunica serosa with discrete punctures prior to the steps of dehydrating, sterilizing, and storing the tunica serosa.
14. The method of preparing and packaging a tissue graft according to claim 12, wherein said step of delaminating the tunica serosa further comprises the steps of:
everting the portion of the small intestine, the portion being tubular;
incising the everted tubular portion longitudinally; and
gently abrading the incised, everted portion of the small intestine with moistened gauze to remove the tunica muscularis, tunica submucosa, and tunica mucosa from the tunica serosa.
15. The method of preparing and packaging a tissue graft according to claim 12, wherein said step of delaminating the tunica serosa further comprises the step of processing the portion of the small intestine in a casing machine.
16. The method of preparing and packaging a tissue graft according to claim 12, wherein said step of dehydrating the tunica serosa comprises air-drying the tunica serosa.
17. The method of preparing and packaging a tissue graft according to claim 12, wherein said step of dehydrating the tunica serosa comprises vacuum drying the tunica serosa.
18. The method of preparing and packaging a tissue graft according to claim 12, after said step of excising the at least a portion of a small intestine and before the step of delaminating the tunica serosa, the method further comprising the steps of:
storing the portion in isotonic saline in a hermetically sealed enclosure;
transporting the stored portion to a sanitary facility;
removing the portion from the hermetically sealed enclosure;
passing the portion through three (3) rinses of isotonic saline for (15) minutes, followed by rinsing the portion in one (1) rinse of 0.02% sodium hypochlorite, followed by rinsing the portion with a final rinse of saline solution; and
treating the portion with hydrogen peroxide for about one-half hour.
19. The method of preparing and packaging a tissue graft according to claim 12, wherein said step of sterilizing the tunica serosa further comprises the step of re-sterilizing the tunica serosa using ethylene oxide.
20. The method of preparing and packaging a tissue graft according to claim 12, wherein said step of storing the tunica serosa further comprises the step of storing the tunica serosa a hermetically sealed enclosure at room temperature.
US12/452,717 2007-09-27 2008-09-25 Tissue grafting method Abandoned US20100135964A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US96037607P true 2007-09-27 2007-09-27
PCT/IB2008/053921 WO2009040768A2 (en) 2007-09-27 2008-09-25 Tissue grafting method

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US20100135964A1 true US20100135964A1 (en) 2010-06-03

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Citations (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3562820A (en) * 1966-08-22 1971-02-16 Bernhard Braun Tubular sheet and strip form prostheses on a basis of biological tissue
US4902508A (en) * 1988-07-11 1990-02-20 Purdue Research Foundation Tissue graft composition
US4956178A (en) * 1988-07-11 1990-09-11 Purdue Research Foundation Tissue graft composition
US5300306A (en) * 1992-09-29 1994-04-05 Alvarado Carlos A Tissue-equivalent membrane from bovine esophageal tissue
US5554389A (en) * 1995-04-07 1996-09-10 Purdue Research Foundation Urinary bladder submucosa derived tissue graft
US5755791A (en) * 1996-04-05 1998-05-26 Purdue Research Foundation Perforated submucosal tissue graft constructs
US5866414A (en) * 1995-02-10 1999-02-02 Badylak; Stephen F. Submucosa gel as a growth substrate for cells
US5885619A (en) * 1995-04-07 1999-03-23 Purdue Research Foundation Large area submucosal tissue graft constructs and method for making the same
US20030059405A1 (en) * 1999-12-22 2003-03-27 Acell, Inc. Tissue regenerative composition, method of making, and method of use thereof
US6666892B2 (en) * 1996-08-23 2003-12-23 Cook Biotech Incorporated Multi-formed collagenous biomaterial medical device
US6696270B2 (en) * 1996-12-10 2004-02-24 Purdue Research Foundation Gastric submucosal tissue as a novel diagnostic tool
US20040043006A1 (en) * 2002-08-27 2004-03-04 Badylak Stephen F. Tissue regenerative composition
US6890351B2 (en) * 1994-02-18 2005-05-10 Organogenesis Inc. Method for treating diseased or damaged organs
US6933326B1 (en) * 1998-06-19 2005-08-23 Lifecell Coporation Particulate acellular tissue matrix
US20050202058A1 (en) * 2002-05-02 2005-09-15 Hiles Michael C. Cell-seeded extracellular matrix grafts
US7160326B2 (en) * 2002-06-27 2007-01-09 Depuy Products, Inc. Method and apparatus for implantation of soft tissue implant
US7175841B2 (en) * 1995-02-10 2007-02-13 Purdue Research Foundation Enhanced submucosal tissue graft constructs

Patent Citations (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3562820A (en) * 1966-08-22 1971-02-16 Bernhard Braun Tubular sheet and strip form prostheses on a basis of biological tissue
US4902508A (en) * 1988-07-11 1990-02-20 Purdue Research Foundation Tissue graft composition
US4956178A (en) * 1988-07-11 1990-09-11 Purdue Research Foundation Tissue graft composition
US5300306A (en) * 1992-09-29 1994-04-05 Alvarado Carlos A Tissue-equivalent membrane from bovine esophageal tissue
US6890351B2 (en) * 1994-02-18 2005-05-10 Organogenesis Inc. Method for treating diseased or damaged organs
US5866414A (en) * 1995-02-10 1999-02-02 Badylak; Stephen F. Submucosa gel as a growth substrate for cells
US7175841B2 (en) * 1995-02-10 2007-02-13 Purdue Research Foundation Enhanced submucosal tissue graft constructs
US5885619A (en) * 1995-04-07 1999-03-23 Purdue Research Foundation Large area submucosal tissue graft constructs and method for making the same
US5554389A (en) * 1995-04-07 1996-09-10 Purdue Research Foundation Urinary bladder submucosa derived tissue graft
US5755791A (en) * 1996-04-05 1998-05-26 Purdue Research Foundation Perforated submucosal tissue graft constructs
US6666892B2 (en) * 1996-08-23 2003-12-23 Cook Biotech Incorporated Multi-formed collagenous biomaterial medical device
US6696270B2 (en) * 1996-12-10 2004-02-24 Purdue Research Foundation Gastric submucosal tissue as a novel diagnostic tool
US6933326B1 (en) * 1998-06-19 2005-08-23 Lifecell Coporation Particulate acellular tissue matrix
US6893666B2 (en) * 1999-12-22 2005-05-17 Acell, Inc. Tissue regenerative composition, method of making, and method of use thereof
US20030059405A1 (en) * 1999-12-22 2003-03-27 Acell, Inc. Tissue regenerative composition, method of making, and method of use thereof
US20050202058A1 (en) * 2002-05-02 2005-09-15 Hiles Michael C. Cell-seeded extracellular matrix grafts
US7160326B2 (en) * 2002-06-27 2007-01-09 Depuy Products, Inc. Method and apparatus for implantation of soft tissue implant
US20040043006A1 (en) * 2002-08-27 2004-03-04 Badylak Stephen F. Tissue regenerative composition

Non-Patent Citations (1)

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Title
Talas online catalogue - Goldbeater's skin archived website page from 5/2006 - http://web.archive.org/web/20060507054658/http://apps.webcreate.com/ecom/catalog/product_specific.cfm?ClientID=15&ProductID=20728 *

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WO2009040768A2 (en) 2009-04-02
WO2009040768A3 (en) 2009-05-14

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