US20100121480A1 - Method and apparatus for visual support of commission acts - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for visual support of commission acts Download PDF

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US20100121480A1
US20100121480A1 US12/554,600 US55460009A US2010121480A1 US 20100121480 A1 US20100121480 A1 US 20100121480A1 US 55460009 A US55460009 A US 55460009A US 2010121480 A1 US2010121480 A1 US 2010121480A1
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data
device
mobile unit
goods
characterized
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US12/554,600
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Peter Stelzer
Josef DAX
Manfred GRABLECHNER
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KNAPP SYSTEMINTEGRATION GmbH
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KNAPP SYSTEMINTEGRATION GmbH
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Priority to ATGM477/2008U priority Critical patent/AT10520U3/en
Priority to ATGM477/2008 priority
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Assigned to KNAPP SYSTEMINTEGRATION GMBH reassignment KNAPP SYSTEMINTEGRATION GMBH ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: Dax, Josef, Grablechner, Manfred, STELZER, PETER
Publication of US20100121480A1 publication Critical patent/US20100121480A1/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G1/00Storing articles, individually or in orderly arrangement, in warehouses or magazines
    • B65G1/02Storage devices
    • B65G1/04Storage devices mechanical
    • B65G1/137Storage devices mechanical with arrangements or automatic control means for selecting which articles are to be removed
    • B65G1/1373Storage devices mechanical with arrangements or automatic control means for selecting which articles are to be removed for fulfilling orders in warehouses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G1/00Storing articles, individually or in orderly arrangement, in warehouses or magazines
    • B65G1/02Storage devices
    • B65G1/04Storage devices mechanical
    • B65G1/137Storage devices mechanical with arrangements or automatic control means for selecting which articles are to be removed
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B27/00Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus
    • G02B27/01Head-up displays
    • G02B27/017Head mounted
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/08Logistics, e.g. warehousing, loading, distribution or shipping; Inventory or stock management, e.g. order filling, procurement or balancing against orders
    • G06Q10/087Inventory or stock management, e.g. order filling, procurement, balancing against orders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2209/00Indexing codes relating to order picking devices in General
    • B65G2209/04Indication location means
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B27/00Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus
    • G02B27/01Head-up displays
    • G02B27/0101Head-up displays characterised by optical features
    • G02B2027/0138Head-up displays characterised by optical features comprising image capture systems, e.g. camera
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B27/00Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus
    • G02B27/01Head-up displays
    • G02B27/0101Head-up displays characterised by optical features
    • G02B2027/014Head-up displays characterised by optical features comprising information/image processing systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B27/00Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus
    • G02B27/01Head-up displays
    • G02B27/017Head mounted
    • G02B2027/0178Eyeglass type, eyeglass details G02C

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for the visual technical support of manual order-picking processes through a device with at least one mobile unit (200), having an optical sensing detection device (202), an optical display device (201), a data processing device (203) and a data interface for wireless connection (206) to a stationary electronic data-processing system (100), which, in addition to product management software, has a connection device (102) for all active mobile units (200). It is provided according to the invention that each mobile unit (200) cyclically receives navigation information, which is transmitted in the form of directions, in particular arrows (205), via the optical display device (201), wherein data for the specific navigation based on a data comparison of the data from the respective optical sensing detection device (202) with reference data or model data of a warehouse in the data-processing system (100) or the mobile unit (200), on the one hand, and the position of a current target object (500) of an assigned route-optimized list of goods transmitted by the data processing system (100) to the mobile unit (200), on the other hand, are cyclically determined and transmitted addressed to the assigned mobile unit (200) and the new navigation information for the next object of the list of goods does not occur until after the optical detection of the current target object (500) or of a placeholder replacement object by the detection device (202) and clear identification of the same by the data processing device (100) and clear detection and logging of the order-picking process of a goods article from the storage location to the target location.
Furthermore, the invention relates to a device for carrying out this method.

Description

  • The present invention relates to a method for the visual technical support of manual order-picking processes through a device with at least one mobile unit, having an optical sensing detection device, an optical display device, a data processing device and a data interface for wireless connection to a stationary electronic data-processing system, which, in addition to product management software, has a connection device for all active mobile units.
  • A plurality of different systems are currently used for order-picking in warehouses. In addition to static provision (man-to-goods systems), dynamic provision (goods-to-man systems) by means of high-bay storage, storage carousel installations, flow through racks and paternoster installations is being used with increasing frequency. The latter has the advantage of a smaller space requirement and the reduction of work for recognition, picking and confirmation. The disadvantages are the high expenditure in terms of infrastructure and machinery, the high cost of the overall system and poor access in the event of breakdown. A motor breakdown can mean order-picking comes to a standstill.
  • Technologies that became known as pick-to-light or pick-by-voice are often used. In the first case, an order picker at the storage location is notified via a device by display instruments which goods and which quantity he should remove; after removal the user confirms by pressing a button. Errors or unauthorized removal of goods are not avoidable here. The expenditure for the display instruments or devices is also considerable. In addition, stationary screens with position information, type of goods and quantity linked to with an administrator file are used at various points in space for retrieval. Pick-by-voice renders possible hands-free maneuvering via acoustic commands; a microphone makes it possible to report for confirmation. In principle, four elements of technologies of this type have already been disclosed, in particular by research studies by Munich Technical University, Chair for materials handling engineering, material flow and logistics. This also includes pick-by-vision systems in the test phase. These cover data helmets for the display of information superimposed in the field of view, such as optical highlighting of a storage compartment, visually supported route-finding and route information. Further known devices, such as augmented-reality devices, are used for head-mounted displays, in particular in various applications such as in computer games, in simulators for process steps or inspection or data comparison tasks.
  • DE 102 15 885 A1 describes a method for automatic process control with an augmented-reality system with camera, data goggles and logging device. This method and the device therefor are used chiefly for logging and analysis of manipulation operations for correct implementation.
  • Also cited as prior art is the use of augmented reality as a substitute for an assembly manual, for example in aircraft assembly.
  • The primary object of the invention is now to build on this prior art to create a method and a device that is suitable for supporting the basic functions of order pickup through navigation. These basic functions are, e.g.: take a predetermined container or a specific transport aid; go to a predetermined article location, remove there the predetermined number of this article and place it in the container or transport aid; go the next article location, etc.; and finally bring the target container to the container target location. The user should be able, without special knowledge, to take a support device from a location, e.g., a loading station. It should be possible to carry out the rest of the functions through the device clearly and with effective monitoring quickly and easily in a route-optimized and time-optimized manner. Interruptions and continuations by other employees as well as the exchange of container or auxiliary device should be possible without error for order picking at any time. Route optimization and collision avoidance are further aspects of the invention. Likewise, it should be possible to immediately insert sudden priority tasks easily and without time being lost. It should be possible for the different functions to be carried out by one or more employees. It should also be possible for a list to be worked through by several employees or order pickers at the same time without duplications.
  • According to the invention, to attain the object a method is proposed for the visual technical support of manual order picking operations according to claim 1. For this purpose a device is used with at least one mobile unit and a stationary central data-processing system. The data-processing system and the mobile unit can communicate via a wireless connection, wherein necessary data are exchanged. The mobile unit has an optical sensing detection device for this purpose, in order to detect its surroundings. An optical display device in the mobile unit is used to display information; a data processing device is used to process information for the display and to prepare for the data transmission based on the optical sensor detection. The stationary data-processing system is equipped with goods management software, which can access the data of all of the active mobile units via the wireless connection. The important factor thereby is that each mobile unit cyclically receives navigation information and this is transmitted in the form of directions, in particular (directional) arrows, via the optical display device. To this end the method requires that the data for the specific navigation based on a data comparison of the data from the respective optical sensing detection device of each mobile unit are compared to reference data or model data in the data-processing system or also stored in the mobile unit in order to clearly define the location of the clearly identified mobile device. With the aid of these data the software of the data-processing system or that of the mobile unit, based on the position of the current target object known to the system, can determine the route information or the product identification and display it on the mobile unit addressed.
  • As a further basic feature, the new navigation information for the next object of an assigned list of goods is to occur only after the optical detection of the current object and clear identification of the same. The important factor thereby is the clear detection and logging of the order-picking operation of a goods article from the storage location to the target location. If the requested product is not at the target location, a place holder replacement object, e.g., a printed sheet with clear identification, must be placed in the transport aid. This can contain information for the product recipient. The system will receive feedback on a product shortfall.
  • Expediently, before the start of the navigation for a new combination of goods or addition of goods, a navigation to the transport aid to be currently used, in the first case empty or in the second case already partially filled, occurs and if a complete combination of goods is interrupted early, a position of the transport aid is transmitted to the stationary data-processing system and stored for the subsequent continuance and completion of the order, or after successful completion of the order, the navigation of the transport aid containing the complete combination of goods to the common target position occurs. A transport aid, e.g., a basket or transport cart, is normally used for a combination of goods. It is advantageous to guide a newly registered user by navigation to the transport aid to be currently used. This can be empty or already partially filled. The latter is advantageous if a task list is interrupted, e.g., in the case of breaks, the end of a day's work or shift changeover. If a transport aid with all of the goods according to the task list has been assembled according to the goods management program of the data-processing system, it is advantageously navigated to the target position. A target position can thereby be different for each order.
  • A detection of unauthorized movements of an object from its storage location or from the transport aid or of the transport aid itself with the aid of the optical sensing detection device and its evaluation with the aid of the software of the stationary data-processing system is advantageous for control and monitoring of the work processes. Measures to prevent errors, such as warnings via the optical display device through corresponding error code transmission are thus possible.
  • Ideally and due to its educational effect, an acoustic alarm is triggered in the event of optically detected errors.
  • For support or control in the detection of the position and orientation, inertial sensors for complete detection of a movement and orientation of an order picker are advantageous. The inertial sensors can be calibrated by fixed optically detected markers, the position of which is known to the system. Conversely, this makes it possible to check movable optically detected objects with respect to their desired location. If a calibrated inertial sensor is applied to the hand of the order picker and if he is guided to the position of a movable system component or a product, the location of which is not the desired position, the software recognizes this and can likewise apply corrective measures. Thus, for example, a product can have fallen off a shelf; the location of the correct storage position is transmitted to the mobile unit upon contact.
  • A device for carrying out the method according to the invention is defined in claim 6. The device has at least one mobile unit. Several mobile units of this type can be used in a warehouse simultaneously. They communicate with a central data-processing system. The mobile unit has an optical sensing detection device, an optical display device, a data-processing device and software for image data processing and is equipped with a wireless data interface for data transmission. The data transmission is always carried out with the central data processing device, e.g., via a wireless local area network (WLAN) or a Bluetooth connection. In addition to these devices known per se, as a third component the geometry of the warehouse and the complete detection of all dimensions and product positions in a virtual model is the decisive feature of the invention. Space, product and devices must form one unit. In addition to geographic arrangements of warehouse facilities and/or optically detectable conditions through shape, color and/or pattern, poster-like attachments can be suitably designed in order to ensure for as many objects as possible a clear determination of the position and the orientation in a warehouse through the optical sensing detection device. Geometric similarity algorithms, e.g., image analysis methods, are used for this purpose in the central and/or in the mobile data processing device.
  • Advantageously, a pattern-scanner with laser, in particular a barcode scanner, can be used as an optical sensing detection device. The current position and orientation information must thereby be determined in installations on the floor, on walls, the product or shelves by patterns, in particular barcodes, by the data processing device of the mobile unit or after transmission of the pattern information by the central data-processing system. The laser of the detection device could theoretically also be used for the optical display device.
  • For support, passive transponders (radio frequency identification tags or RFID tags) can be attached in the warehouse for position analysis. Then a transponder reader device must be provided in the mobile units. The code of the transponder permits inferences to be made on the position, orientation and/or designation of the product, based on the product management software.
  • For augmented reality it is advantageous if the optical sensing detection device is a camera module. With the aid of image data analysis, supported by installations on the floor, on walls, shelves, storage locations or on the product, current position and orientation or product information can be determined from colors, shapes and patterns—either already in the mobile unit or after image transmission by the central data processing device. The video image detected equipped with the additional information of the navigation can be transmitted to at least one video display.
  • In principle, the optical display device can have light-emitting diodes, a display, in particular a display of the liquid crystal display (LCD) or organic light emitting diode (OLED) type, or combinations thereof. The important factor thereby is that the display device is suitable for showing the direction of travel in coded form or by directions, in particular in the form of directional arrows.
  • A laser projector is also suitable as an optical display device. This is suitable for projecting directions on surrounding objects, in particular a floor, or in the case of corresponding identification, directly marking the respective target object by irradiation.
  • The integration of an inertial sensor, in particular a rotation rate sensor, is advantageous. This makes it possible in addition to detect movement or rotational movement. The correction of the direction in the display device can thereby also be carried out between two optical sensing position and orientation detections.
  • If a laser scanner is used as an optical sensing detection device, it is particularly advantageous to also use the laser via its deflection devices to display the information or directions, in that it is possible to switch backwards and forwards between display and scan mode. If conversely a laser projector is used, with suitable deflection the laser beam thereof can also serve as a component for a laser scanner.
  • An augmented reality representation on the display device is also advantageous. The actually detected data, in particular video data directly or virtual data constructed from certain characteristic values, with geometric information on the warehouse and its structure are thereby linked to augmented reality data. The user in particular of video goggles or a data helmet is thus given a virtual view of the surrounding area with or without integration of the real images. Additional information is embedded in this virtual display.
  • For three-dimensional perception, it is advantageous if the data of the optical sensing detection device are transmitted either by two sensors spaced apart or through image conversion based on the stored geographic data of the warehouse structure into a three-dimensional image for both eyes of the viewer. A suitable optical display device is, for example, 3D spectacles; shutter glasses render possible a three-dimensional depth effect for the viewer. To this end two calculated or detected viewing angles of the virtual or real image are used with additional information and the reproduction thereof for both eyes of the viewer. To support focusing and representation that is correct in terms of viewing angle, the movement of the eyes can be detected.
  • The present invention is described based on the following practical embodiments. They show:
  • FIG. 1 An example of the device according to the invention with mobile hand devices;
  • FIG. 2 A further exemplary embodiment of the device according to the invention with video glasses;
  • FIG. 3 A data helmet for use as a mobile unit;
  • FIG. 4 A head-band type head mount for a further embodiment of the mobile unit;
  • FIG. 5 A helmet with projection device as a display device;
  • FIGS. 6 through 9 Fields of view of an order picker with a typical order-picking operation.
  • FIG. 1 shows the expenditure in terms of equipment for the pick-by-vision method as a first example. A data-processing system 100 comprises a computer 101 and a communication interface or connection device 102 for wireless connection to mobile units 200. A keyboard 104 makes it possible to enter data, in particular to select functions of a goods management system. Many things are carried out in an automated manner, for example, customer orders. The inventory can be retrieved constantly updated. Bottlenecks are to be avoided. The goods management software can inform a user about all currently active mobile units via a monitor 103. Further retrievable information includes current users, number of correct goods access operations, number of error messages, order picker start and end times, missing products, order receipts, tracking the order status, determining a possible delivery date, overstaffing or understaffing. The mobile units 200 have an optical display device 201, an optical sensing detection device 202 and a device for data processing and communication via a wireless connection 206.
  • A sequence is, for example, shown briefly, as follows: a recently hired, untrained order picker is asked to take a mobile unit 200 from a charging station for storage batteries. Usually, it is fully charged. If the charge condition is unsuitable, a block can prevent removal until the optimum charge condition has been reached. The order picker takes a suitable device and switches on the mobile unit 200. The software powers up and the wireless interface awaits the logon sequence. The mobile unit 200 is recognized by the data processing device 100 based on a cyclical scan of new logons. After detection of the new device by the control center, the current equipment level is increased. A user identification is requested on the display device 201 of the mobile unit 200. To this end, for the new order picker either his face was linked to his data in the system or an identification card with a personal barcode, possibly as a sticker, sewn-on badge or imprint attached to protective clothing or a helmet. The order picker holds the optical sensing detection device 202, e.g., a camera, against his face or the code, and the system transmits the release to the mobile unit 200 for task performance. In the data processing device 100 the device number is linked to the user identity, at the same time a time stamp occurs for the start of work. The data processing device 100 assigns the next goods list to the current mobile unit 200 according to a priority plan. First the order picker is welcomed by name via the display. There is the option here of ending the work promptly in the event of an identification error. The code might be incorrect, the wrong work clothing has been put on or the mobile unit 200 was accidentally pointed at a different order picker. The logon can be repeated by restarting (switching on and off). However, the incorrect logon is logged. Once the welcome has been completed, the order picker needs only to follow the instructions of the mobile unit 200 for the route. First, the order picker is guided to a transport aid. Arrows 205 on the display show the way. Prominent objects or intersections in the route can also be displayed in the optical display device 201. The transport aid to be selected is clearly assigned by the control center or data processing system 100. This also makes it possible to continue a combination of goods that has been started but not completed, even by a different order picker. When the transport aid is reached, the instruction to take the same is transmitted. If the transport aid is clearly identified by the detection device, which can also be carried out by a barcode, and moved away from the location, the target of the next element of the task list of the user is transmitted to the mobile unit 200. The directions are given again. Location and target are two geographic points, which are used via software to the mobile unit 200 or in the control center or data processing system 100 for an automatic routing process through the warehouse by the shortest route. As a result, the mobile unit 200 indicates the direction by arrows 205, the movement of the order picker through the warehouse is detected by optical sensing. The camera on the mobile unit 200 renders possible a comparison of image data with stored and geographically assigned warehouse positions and orientations. A certain barcode sign can thus precisely define the location. The orientation can additionally be detected by rotary sensors, e.g., according to the gyroscope principle, so that a viewing angle defined for the alignment of the camera to the barcode sign is taken into account accordingly in the indication of direction in the event of a tilt. At the target location, the optical sensing detection device 202 recognizes the target object. The display indicates the object by suitable emphasis. If the correct object is moved into the transport aid, the detection device recognizes this, e.g., since two image components are made congruent. The operation is completed, the next routing occurs. If the mobile unit 200 is switched off, the current order-picking status with the time log for the user is stored and integrated into the population of all orders. If all of the elements of a task list have been completed, that is, placed in the transport aid, the guidance of the filled transport aid to the target location occurs. Guidance to another transport aid occurs. Then further actions, such as packing and shipping of the goods can be carried out at the target location for the transport aid. The deletion of all goods is carried out in a similar manner through the detection of the removal from the transport aid by staff authorized to do so. Since the control center or the data processing system 100 knows the precise number of goods deposited, a packer can here also verify again the correct order picking with the aid of the device presented. The transport aid number is again released in the system for a new list of goods.
  • If an order picker takes the wrong object in error, a warning is given via the display device 201 or acoustically. The error is logged, any correction likewise.
  • If the mobile unit 200, as shown in FIG. 1, is embodied as a hand unit, work is somewhat limited. This can be remedied by a detachable attachment of the device to a transport aid. However, the fixing of the device to the body, e.g., by a belt, is advantageous, and ideally the display device 201 is integrated into data goggles 300, as shown in FIG. 2. Future goggles render possible very light embodiments, so that freedom of movement is restricted only slightly. The field of view should remain as large as possible.
  • FIG. 3 shows a typical data helmet with a video monitor device or optical display device 201 similar to an electronic viewfinder for the display of augmented reality, integrating lines of sight from an optical sensing detection device 202 embodied as a camera. A transmission device 203 can be attached to a helmet 400 and is connected to a detection and display device via a wiring 204. A closed unit thus results, which can easily be put on or taken off.
  • FIG. 4 shows a headband 600 in side view for attachment to the head. Devices for image detection, image reproduction and data processing and communication or an optical sensing detection device 202, an optical display device 201 and a transmission device 203 are mounted on the forehead here.
  • A special embodiment of the mobile unit 200 is shown in FIG. 5. The headpiece shows here an image detection device 202 in the form of a video camera and a display device 201 in the form of a laser projector. The latter projects directional arrows onto the floor in front of the user. A correctly recognized article of goods can also be indicated with the aid of a projector, e.g., by a circle. However, the prerequisite for this is that the projection beam is located in the field of view of the camera. Preferably the laser projector permits a change of the projection direction from obliquely to the ground to straight ahead parallel to the line of sight of the detection device, in order to achieve a clear feedback.
  • FIGS. 6 through 9 show possible representations during a product navigation, either through the display or the line of sight of the order picker. The shelf labels, for example, are used for orientation here. The letters A through H give the system the current location. The next list product is a white ball or a target object 500. This is located in the vicinity of a marker G. A route planning (central or in the mobile unit 200) determines the route information and produces the (directional) arrows 205. If the order picker follows the arrow 205, the view of the optical sensing detection device 202 then changes from FIG. 7 to that in FIG. 8 and finally to that in FIG. 9. The product is recognized and marked and can be removed in a controlled manner.
  • The predominant but not restricted field of application relates to warehouses of wholesalers or mail-order companies as well as storage facilities or interim storage facilities of manufacturers or suppliers. With the method or the device according to the invention, for this the combination of goods inside a warehouse is thereby possible even by employees with no knowledge of the configuration of the warehouse and no knowledge of the location and position of the goods to be combined, wherein in particular several order pickers can work simultaneously.

Claims (15)

1. Method for the visual technical support of manual order-picking processes through a device with at least one mobile unit (200), having an optical sensing detection device (202), an optical display device (201), a data processing device (203) and a data interface for wireless connection (206) to a stationary electronic data-processing system (100), which, in addition to product management software, has a connection device (102) for all active mobile units (200), characterized in that each mobile unit (200) cyclically receives navigation information, which is transmitted in the form of directions, in particular arrows (205), via the optical display device (201), wherein data for the specific navigation based on a data comparison of the data from the respective optical sensing detection device (202) with reference data or model data of a warehouse in the data-processing system (100) or the mobile unit (200), on the one hand, and the position of a current target object (500) of an assigned route-optimized list of goods transmitted by the data processing system (100) to the mobile unit (200), on the other hand, are cyclically determined and transmitted addressed to the assigned mobile unit (200) and the new navigation information for the next object of the list of goods does not occur until after the optical detection of the current target object (500) or of a placeholder replacement object by the detection device (202) and clear identification of the same by the data processing device (100) and clear detection and logging of the order-picking process of a goods article from the storage location to the target location.
2. Method according to claim 1, characterized in that before the start of navigation for a new combination of goods or supplementation of goods, a navigation to the transport aid to be currently used, in the first case empty or in the second case already partially filled, occurs and if a complete combination of goods is interrupted early, a position of the transport aid is transmitted to the stationary data-processing system (100) and stored for the subsequent continuance and completion of the order, or after successful completion of the order, the navigation of the transport aid containing the complete combination of goods to the common target position occurs.
3. Method according to claim 1, characterized in that a movement not authorized by the stationary data processing system of an object from its storage location or from the transport aid or of the transport aid itself is detected with the optical sensing detection device (202) and likewise transmitted to the data-processing system (100), the software of which recognizes the error and triggers corresponding warning messages to the optical display device (201) of the mobile unit (200) by transmitting an error code.
4. Method according to claim 3, characterized in that an acoustic alarm is triggered in the case of optically detected errors.
5. Method according to claim 1, characterized in that inertial sensors with complete detection of a movement and orientation of an order picker are used for support or monitoring in the detection of the position and orientation, wherein the inertial sensors are optionally calibrated by fixed optically detected markers, and conversely, movable optically detected objects are checked with respect to their desired location.
6. Device for carrying out the method according to claim 1, with at least one mobile unit (200) with optical sensing detection device (202), optical display device (201), data processing device and software for image data processing and data transmission and with wireless data interface to a central electronic data processing device or data processing system (100), characterized in that geographic arrangements of warehouse facilities and/or optical conditions through shape, color and/or pattern, in particular by poster-like attachments are suitably designed and are clearly described with complete geographic precision and stored in the system in order to ensure for as many objects as possible that are detectable in a warehouse by the optical sensing detection device (202) during an order picking, a clear determination and assignment of the position and the orientation with the aid of geometric similarity algorithms in the central and/or in the mobile data processing device.
7. Device according to claim 6, characterized in that the optical sensing detection device (202) is a pattern scanner with laser, in particular a barcode scanner, and the current position and orientation information in attachments on the floor, on walls, goods or shelves by pattern, in particular barcodes, can be determined by the data processing device of the mobile unit (200) or after transmission of the pattern information by the central data processing system (100).
8. Device according to claim 6, characterized in that passive transponders (RFID tags) are attached to support position analysis in the warehouse, and transponder reader devices are provided in the mobile unit (200), wherein a code of the transponder permits inferences to be made on the position, orientation and/or designation of the product.
9. Device according to claim 6, characterized in that the optical sensing detection device (202) is a camera module, through which the current position and orientation or product information can be determined from colors, shapes and patterns with the aid of image data analysis, supported by attachments on the floor, on walls, shelves, storage locations or on the product, by the mobile unit (200), optionally after image transmission by the data processing system (100).
10. Device according to claim 6, characterized in that the optical display device (201) is formed by light-emitting diodes, a display, in particular a liquid crystal display (LCD) or organic light emitting display (OLED), or combinations thereof, wherein the optical display device (201) is suitable for showing the direction of travel in coded form or by directions, in particular in the form of directional arrows, which always indicate the correct route, regardless of the orientation of the mobile unit (200).
11. Device according to claim 6, characterized in that the optical display device (201) is formed by a laser projector, which projects directions on surrounding objects, in particular a floor, and upon recognition, marks the respective target object (500).
12. Device according to claim 6, characterized in that an inertial sensor is provided for additional detection of a movement or rotary movement of the mobile unit (200).
13. Device according to claim 11, characterized in that the laser device of the laser projector is used additionally as a scanner laser, the reflected light of which an optical sensor captures with code information of code markings, in particular barcode markings.
14. Device according to claim 13, characterized in that at least one of the data processing devices links actually detected data, in particular video data and construed virtual data, to augmented reality data and processes them via the optical display device (201) for combined display.
15. Device according to claim 13, characterized in that the data of the optical sensing detection device (202), either by two sensors spaced apart or through image conversion based on the stored geographic data of a warehouse structure, through a suitable optical display device render possible a three-dimensional depth effect for the viewer, in particular by detecting and/or generating offset views for each eye.
US12/554,600 2008-09-05 2009-09-04 Method and apparatus for visual support of commission acts Abandoned US20100121480A1 (en)

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EP2161219B1 (en) 2011-11-16
US20140188270A1 (en) 2014-07-03
AT10520U3 (en) 2013-10-15
DK2161219T3 (en) 2012-03-05
EP2161219A1 (en) 2010-03-10
AT533707T (en) 2011-12-15
ES2377537T3 (en) 2012-03-28

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