US20100071141A1 - Variable length beam - Google Patents

Variable length beam Download PDF

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Publication number
US20100071141A1
US20100071141A1 US12284209 US28420908A US2010071141A1 US 20100071141 A1 US20100071141 A1 US 20100071141A1 US 12284209 US12284209 US 12284209 US 28420908 A US28420908 A US 28420908A US 2010071141 A1 US2010071141 A1 US 2010071141A1
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Prior art keywords
variable length
beam
support beams
travel support
length beam
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Abandoned
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US12284209
Inventor
Randall Julian Reiner
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Randall Julian Reiner
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D19/00Structural or constructional details of bridges
    • E01D19/12Grating or flooring for bridges; Fastening railway sleepers or tracks to bridges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D15/00Movable or portable bridges; Floating bridges
    • E01D15/12Portable or sectional bridges
    • E01D15/124Folding or telescopic bridges; Bridges built up from folding or telescopic sections
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D15/00Movable or portable bridges; Floating bridges
    • E01D15/12Portable or sectional bridges
    • E01D15/133Portable or sectional bridges built-up from readily separable standardised sections or elements, e.g. Bailey bridges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/005Girders or columns that are rollable, collapsible or otherwise adjustable in length or height
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G11/00Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs
    • E04G11/36Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs for floors, ceilings, or roofs of plane or curved surfaces end formpanels for floor shutterings
    • E04G11/48Supporting structures for shutterings or frames for floors or roofs
    • E04G11/50Girders, beams, or the like as supporting members for forms
    • E04G11/54Girders, beams, or the like as supporting members for forms of extensible type, with or without adjustable supporting shoes, fishplates, or the like
    • E04G11/56Girders, beams, or the like as supporting members for forms of extensible type, with or without adjustable supporting shoes, fishplates, or the like of telescopic type
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D2101/00Material constitution of bridges
    • E01D2101/30Metal

Abstract

A beam comprised of sub-components capable of extending or contracting in overall length is provided. The beam consists of a twin-beam structure that provides travel support for two end beam components that are movable with respect to one another to extend or contract the length of the resulting variable length beam. Extension or contraction of the variable length beam can be accomplished manually or, in a preferred embodiment, by means of a screw drive. The variable length beams facilitate the fabrication of reusable, adjustable width deck-forming panels used in the construction of cast-in-place bridge deck slabs supported by parallel structural beams.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • 1. Field of the Invention
  • This invention relates to bridge building. In one of its more particular aspects it relates to a variable length beam which is useful for fabricating reusable, adjustable width deck-forming panels used to construct cast-in-place concrete bridge deck slabs supported by parallel structural beams.
  • 2. Description of the Related Art
  • Bridges provide grade separation to facilitate the efficient transport of vehicles, pedestrians and rail systems over roads, railways, chasms, water, and other obstructions.
  • A typical bridge consists of a series of foundation substructures to transfer loads into the earth, and a superstructure to transfer loads to the substructure. The majority of bridges built use a system of parallel beams, either pre-cast concrete or steel, to span the distance between foundation elements. Typically, the system of parallel beams will be braced at regular intervals and normal to their centerlines by a horizontal structural member referred to as a “diaphragm”. The space between these parallel beams is commonly referred to as a “bay”, the width of which is typically between 4 and 12 feet. The superstructure surface, which carries traffic loads, is provided by forming a steel reinforced concrete bridge deck, which is formed and cast in place over the bridge beams.
  • The cast-in-place bridge deck must be temporarily supported by a system of falsework that is usually suspended from the structural beams. A large variety of systems exist in the marketplace that employ hanger assemblies or threaded rod to hang vertically, or near vertically, from the structural beams, which are in turn used to support transverse joist members that will ultimately transfer the deck dead load to the structural beams by supporting a plywood surface onto which the cast-in-place concrete is poured.
  • The entire temporary falsework system can be adjusted vertically to account for beam deflections caused by the weight of the concrete and reinforcing steel.
  • The spacing and size of the temporary transverse joist beams vary, dependent upon the spacing between the parallel bridge beams and the load that needs to be supported. A reusable temporary deck forming falsework system needs to be able to be adjusted to variable bay widths for different bridges.
  • Once the cast-in-place concrete deck has been poured and cured, the temporary falsework system must be stripped from beneath the finished deck.
  • Numerous methods of constructing the falsework decking system exist in the marketplace today. Concrete forming systems comprised of steel component pieces used to carry construction loads are commercially available in the world-wide marketplace. These component pieces are manufactured in a wide variety of sizes and shapes, and can be combined into myriad configurations, much like a large “Erector set”, in order to support horizontal and vertical loading conditions. Using these members in a horizontal capacity to function as transverse joist members is a standard practice in cast-in-place bridge deck forming. However, no component piece that will allow transverse joist members to be configured into a continuously variable length has yet been provided.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • A transverse joist member designed to provide a continuously variable length would revolutionize the forming and stripping of the temporary falsework, allowing it to be fabricated off-site in modular panels, hung in place as a complete unit, designed to fit between structural beam diaphragms, adjusted to elevation, and stripped as a complete unit from the underside of the finished deck. Only slight modifications to the panels will be necessary, by removing a small portion of the plywood sheet and adjusting the continuously variable length transverse joist member to establish the new joist length. Adding or subtracting stringer beams as needed and replacing the portion of plywood sheet needed to fill in the panel will yield a system ready for the next use. In some instances it may be necessary to add or subtract a combination of fixed beam components to develop a new joist length.
  • The present invention provides a variable length beam, which can be used in combination with a fixed length support beam to continuously adjust the length of the combination. Since support beams typically comprise a combination of fixed length beam components (1′-6″, 3′-0″, 6′-0″, and 12′-0″ beam components), attaching a beam component which is continuously adjustable in length will enable the resulting combination to be used across the full range of bridge deck bay widths seen in the heavy highway construction industry throughout the world today. The variable length beam component will allow deck formwork joist beams, for example, to be adjusted to the precise width required to fit between bridge beams.
  • The present invention comprises a uniquely fabricated twin-beam structure that acts as a travel support to two slightly modified pre-existing end beam components, typically two 1′-6″ beam components, that are movable with respect to one another to extend or contract the length of the twin-beam structure. The two pre-existing beam components, which are currently available in the marketplace, each has a pair of oppositely facing side channels. They are modified by replacing one of two pre-existing end-plates on each end beam component with a plate welded between the oppositely facing side channels. Stop tabs are provided at each end of the two travel support beams. Two side plates are added to the outside flanges of each of the pre-existing beam components to stiffen the members for load transfer and to serve as predetermined stop sites for the stop tabs on the ends of the travel support beams. The modified members, referred to above, reside at opposite ends of the variable length beams. The twin travel support beams are connected with a central stiffener assembly and are fabricated to move within the cross-section of the end beam components. Aligned slots and holes in the top and bottom flanges of the end beam components and the travel support beams are used for placement of structural bolts that lock the variable length beam into its required length. The overall length of the variable length beam can be adjusted by manually sliding the two end beam components along the travel support beams.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the present invention the two end beam components are moved by a horizontal screw drive with screw drive receiving plates welded between their oppositely facing side channels at one end in lieu of the standard end-plates. One screw drive receiving plate is a clockwise-threaded plate and the other is a counterclockwise-threaded plate. Side plates are added to the side channels to stiffen the components for load transfer and to serve as predetermined stop sites for the stop tabs on the ends of the travel support beams. One end of the screw drive, referred to herein as the proximal end, has a clockwise or standard thread. The other end, referred to herein as the distal end, has a counterclockwise or reverse thread. The screw drive also acts as a structural component to provide load transfer to the twin travel support beams. The screw drive has a centrally located bevel gear affixed to its horizontal shaft that is driven by a smaller bevel gear on a vertical shaft that is aligned to it tangentially and kept in a fixed alignment by keeper plates on the screw drive shaft. A user can apply torque to the head of the vertical shaft, causing the variable length beam to mechanically extend or contract in overall length.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a first embodiment of the variable length beam of the present invention in a contracted state;
  • FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the embodiment of FIG. 1 shown in an extended state;
  • FIG. 2( a) is a cross-section of the embodiment of FIG. 2 along the line 2(a)-2(a);
  • FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view of the variable length beam of FIGS. 1 and 2;
  • FIG. 3( a) is an exploded perspective view of a second embodiment of the variable length beam of the present invention;
  • FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the screw drive shown in FIG. 3( a);
  • FIG. 5 is a top view, partly in phantom, of the variable length beam of FIGS. 1 and 3, shown closed, with a breakaway piece at the far right, which represents any of the aforementioned fixed beam components;
  • FIG. 6 is a cross-section of the variable length beam of FIGS. 1, 3, and 5 along the line 6-6 of FIG. 5;
  • FIG. 7 is a top view, partly in phantom, of the second embodiment of the variable length beam of the present invention as shown in FIG. 3( a);
  • FIG. 8 is a cross-section of the variable length beam of FIGS. 3( a) and 7 along the line 8-8 of FIG. 7;
  • FIG. 9 is a bottom perspective view of two panels placed on either side of a diaphragm of a bridge in construction showing use of the variable length beam of the present invention, with the area over the diaphragm constructed with fill-in stringers and decking;
  • FIG. 10 is a perspective view, partially broken away, of an assembled bridge panel, showing use of the variable length beam of the present invention;
  • FIG. 11 is a perspective view of multiple adjustable panels, with Detail A, a blow-up, illustrating the use of the variable length beam of the present invention in such adjustable panels; and
  • FIG. 12 is a side elevation of an adjustable panel suspended from hangers, showing the use of the variable length beam of the present invention in such adjustable panels.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention provides a variable length beam which is useful in bridge construction, especially in adjusting the dimensions of falsework support beams used in cast-in-place bridge deck forming. Although the variable length beams of this invention could be used by themselves as support members in any number of load transfer configurations, their most advantageous use is in combination with fixed length components to create joists which support a system of parallel stringers in panels of varying widths. For example, a variable length beam comprised of two modified 1′-6″ components can be used with one or more standard length components of 1′-6″, 3′-0″, 6′-0″, or 12′-0″ to provide beam lengths which are not otherwise readily available. Some of the advantages of such use are as follows:
      • eliminating the waste of dimensional lumber (ultimately discarded and replaced) used as transverse joist members which are cut to fit the variable bay width experienced from one bridge to another;
      • providing a reusable, panelized form system, that is easily configurable to varying bridge girder spans and bay widths;
      • reducing the time allocated to deck forming and stripping on a job-site by allowing the majority of the forming to be completed off-site, and eliminating the need to disassemble the form system when stripping from the completed cast-in-place concrete deck;
      • increasing the level of worker safety by minimizing the time spent elevated and tied off on the structural bridge beams;
      • reducing the overall cost of constructing cast-in-place concrete bridge decks by decreasing the time expended to form and strip the deck falsework system; and
      • decreasing the impact of construction upon the traveling public by requiring less construction time and bringing the new bridge on-line more quickly.
  • The invention will be better understood by reference to the drawings, in which similar parts are indicated by use of the same reference numeral in each of the figures in which that part is depicted.
  • Referring now to FIG. 1, the numeral 10 represents a first embodiment of the variable length beam of the present invention having side channels 12 which are provided with end-plates 14. Travel support beams 16, which have stop tabs 15, are fitted within side channels 12, which receive structural bolts 18 for positioning with respect to travel support beams 16. Side stiffeners 20 are connected to side channels 12 to strengthen variable length beam 10. Central stiffener assembly 22 and two modified end-plates 24 are provided midway between the end-plates 14
  • FIG. 2 depicts variable length beam 10 in an extended state. In addition to the elements shown in FIG. 1, slots 26 are shown in the tops of travel support beams 16 for accommodating structural bolts 18. Slots are also present in the bottom flanges of travel support beams 16 (not shown).
  • From FIG. 2( a), a cross-section of the extended variable length beam 10 of FIG. 2, it can be seen that travel support beams 16 are fitted within side channels 12. Nuts 19 fix the position of structural bolts 18 within slots 26 (shown in FIG. 2), thereby controlling the position of side channels 12 relative to travel support beams 16 and adjusting the length of variable length beam 10.
  • The elements making up the variable length beam of FIGS. 1 and 2 are shown prior to final assembly in FIG. 3. Central stiffener assembly 22 and modified end-plates 24 enable manually moving a pair of side channels 12 along a pair of travel support beams 16 to extend or contract the variable length beam of the present invention.
  • FIG. 3( a) illustrates a preferred embodiment of the variable length beam of the present invention, previously referred to as the second embodiment, in which extension or contraction of the variable length beam is accomplished mechanically by means of a screw drive mechanism 30, more particularly shown in FIG. 4, rather than manually. Modified end plates 27 and 28, which are threaded, cooperate with screw drive mechanism 30 to enable mechanically moving a pair of side channels 12 along a pair of travel support beams 16. Modified end-plate 28 has a standard or clockwise thread whereas modified end-plate 27 has a reverse or counterclockwise thread. Screw drive 32 has a clockwise thread to cooperate with the clockwise thread of modified end-plate 28, while screw drive 34 has a counterclockwise thread to cooperate with the counterclockwise thread of modified end-plate 27. Screw drive 32 has affixed to it a shaft keeper 36 and a first bevel gear 38, which is aligned tangentially to a second bevel gear 40 affixed to a vertical shaft 42, which is mounted within a central stiffener assembly 22, which serves as a gear housing. Application of torque to the head of shaft 42 will cause bevel gears 40 and 38 to rotate standard thread screw drive 32 and reverse thread screw drive 34 within modified end-plates 28 and 27, respectively, moving side channels 12 along travel support beams 16 to extend or contract the variable length beam of the present invention.
  • FIGS. 5 and 6 show additional details of the first embodiment of the variable length beam of the present invention as illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 3, including attachment of a fixed beam component.
  • FIGS. 7 and 8 show additional details of a preferred embodiment of the variable length beam of the present invention as illustrated in FIGS. 3( a) and 4, including attachment of a fixed beam component.
  • FIG. 9 shows how the variable length beams of the present invention are used in bridge deck forming. Hanger assemblies 74 support a plurality of joists 56 comprised of variable length beams 10 and fixed length components 76, which in turn support a plurality of stringers 54, upon which plywood decking 62 is laid to serve as a base for concrete, which is poured upon plywood decking 62. The fill-in area over a diaphragm 50 attached to bridge beams 70 is shown at area 58.
  • FIG. 10 shows use of the variable length beams of the present invention in a preassembled deck panel 60 which comprises a series of joists 56 utilizing variable length beams 10 as a part thereof, which joists support a series of stringers 54, which in turn support plywood decking 62.
  • FIG. 11 shows a series of adjustable panels 60 between bridge girders 70. The fill-in area 58 occurs at the location of each permanent diaphragm 50. Detail A shows plywood decking 62 laid upon a series of stringers 54, which are supported by a series of joists 56 (one shown). The joists are comprised of variable length beams 10 and a fixed component.
  • In FIG. 12 diaphragm 50 is shown between two bridge girders 70 supporting hanger assemblies 74, which support joists 56, parts of which are comprised of variable length beams 10. A series of stringers 54 are supported by joists 56 and support plywood decking 62, which supports a reinforced concrete deck 72.
  • By creating variable length beams which can be used in joists to construct adjustable panels for supporting bridge decking, a reusable deckwork forming system is provided.
  • It will be appreciated that the disclosure and description in the instant specification are set forth by way of illustration and not limitation, and that various modifications and changes may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention.

Claims (14)

  1. 1. In a bridge decking panel comprising a plurality of joists supporting a plurality of stringers, which support a plywood decking, the improvement wherein said bridge decking panel is removable and reusable in its entirety and each of said joists contains a variable length beam comprising twin parallel travel support beams connected to one another, said twin parallel travel support beams supporting two beam components movable longitudinally with respect to one another along said twin parallel travel support beams, to lengthen or shorten said variable length beam.
  2. 2. The bridge decking panel of claim 1, wherein said twin parallel travel support beams of said variable length beam are connected to one another at their midpoints through a central stiffener assembly.
  3. 3. The bridge decking panel of claim 2, wherein said twin parallel travel support beams of said variable length beam have stop means at each end thereof.
  4. 4. The bridge decking panel of claim 3, wherein said two beam components of said variable length beam are modified beam components adapted for longitudinal movement upon said twin parallel travel support beams.
  5. 5. The bridge decking panel of claim 4, wherein each of said two beam components of said variable length beam has a pair of oppositely facing side channels which contain said twin parallel travel support beams.
  6. 6. The bridge decking panel of claim 5, wherein one end of each pair of said side channels of said variable length beam is closed by an end-plate.
  7. 7. The bridge decking panel of claim 6, wherein the opposite end of each pair of said side channels of said variable length beam is open, and wherein modified end-plates close the lateral space between each pair of side channels at said opposite end thereof.
  8. 8. The bridge decking panel of claim 7, wherein a side stiffener is attached to each of said side channels of said variable length beam.
  9. 9. The bridge decking panel of claim 8, wherein said twin parallel travel support beams of said variable length beam have stop tabs at each end thereof, said stop tabs being adapted to interact with said side stiffeners upon extension of said variable length beam to a predetermined maximum length.
  10. 10. The bridge decking panel of claim 9, wherein said central stiffener assembly of said variable length beam contains a horizontally mounted screw drive having a clockwise thread at the proximal end thereof and a counterclockwise thread at the distal end thereof, said proximal end of said screw drive being supported by a modified end-plate having a clockwise-threaded receiving plate and said distal end of said screw drive being supported by a modified end-plate having a counterclockwise-threaded receiving plate, said screw drive having a shaft keeper and a first bevel gear attached thereto, said first bevel gear meshing tangentially with a second bevel gear attached to a vertically mounted shaft.
  11. 11-13. (canceled)
  12. 14. A reusable, variable width bridge decking panel comprising a plurality of joists supporting a plurality of stringers, which support a plywood decking, said bridge decking panel being removable and reusable in its entirety, each of said plurality of joists being of variable length.
  13. 15. The bridge decking panel of claim 14, wherein each of said plurality of joists contains a variable length beam comprising twin parallel travel support beams connected to one another, said twin parallel travel support beams supporting two beam components movable longitudinally with respect to one another along said twin parallel travel support beams, to lengthen or shorten said plurality of joists.
  14. 16. A variable length beam comprising twin parallel travel support beams connected to one another, said twin parallel travel support beams supporting two beam components movable longitudinally with respect to one another along said twin parallel travel support beams, to lengthen or shorten said variable length beam.
US12284209 2008-09-19 2008-09-19 Variable length beam Abandoned US20100071141A1 (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100176525A1 (en) * 2006-08-18 2010-07-15 Sirewall Inc. Formwork and method for constructing rammed earth walls
CN103255714A (en) * 2013-05-28 2013-08-21 桂林理工大学 Assembly integral-type slab for reinforced concrete slab bridge
EP2754778A1 (en) 2013-01-11 2014-07-16 Alphi Primary support beam with adjustable length
CN104453218A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-03-25 天津市鑫福盛新型建筑模板有限公司 Novel adjustable supporting steel beam of top plate formwork
US20150225065A1 (en) * 2014-02-13 2015-08-13 Airbus Operations Gmbh Stiffening Element, Method For Coupling The Same, And Shell Component For An Aircraft Or Spacecraft
US20170073971A1 (en) * 2015-09-14 2017-03-16 Carl Peltier Lightweight Semi-Permanent Truss System
US10058792B2 (en) * 2015-06-25 2018-08-28 Tibbo Technology, Inc. Three-dimensional grid beam and construction set thereof

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US5927038A (en) * 1996-07-22 1999-07-27 Goldberg; William S. Expandable self-locking frame
US6233877B1 (en) * 1997-08-27 2001-05-22 Sean Monroe Portable safety anchor
US7373758B2 (en) * 2002-12-18 2008-05-20 National Applied Research Laboratories Seismic brace with a removable restraining member disposed around a middle portion of an elongated central brace unit

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US2549212A (en) * 1948-03-08 1951-04-17 Joseph M Lane Adjustable scaffolding
US2949656A (en) * 1956-02-06 1960-08-23 Max G Pleitgen Form for window and door lintels and the like
US3130470A (en) * 1961-01-24 1964-04-28 Symons Mfg Co Concrete wall form installation
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US3305983A (en) * 1962-06-16 1967-02-28 Holzaepfel Kg Moebel Christian Room divider
US3609898A (en) * 1968-04-29 1971-10-05 Donald W Brown Vertically adjustable sign
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US4070845A (en) * 1976-02-17 1978-01-31 Symons Corporation Multi-purpose concrete formwork structural member with novel facilities for extending the effective length thereof
US4348002A (en) * 1980-03-25 1982-09-07 Eyden Everett A Hanger for concrete deck forming apparatus
US5927038A (en) * 1996-07-22 1999-07-27 Goldberg; William S. Expandable self-locking frame
US6233877B1 (en) * 1997-08-27 2001-05-22 Sean Monroe Portable safety anchor
US7373758B2 (en) * 2002-12-18 2008-05-20 National Applied Research Laboratories Seismic brace with a removable restraining member disposed around a middle portion of an elongated central brace unit

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100176525A1 (en) * 2006-08-18 2010-07-15 Sirewall Inc. Formwork and method for constructing rammed earth walls
US8375669B2 (en) * 2006-08-18 2013-02-19 Sirewall Inc. Formwork and method for constructing rammed earth walls
EP2754778A1 (en) 2013-01-11 2014-07-16 Alphi Primary support beam with adjustable length
FR3000977A1 (en) * 2013-01-11 2014-07-18 Alphi primary support beam has an adjustable length
CN103255714A (en) * 2013-05-28 2013-08-21 桂林理工大学 Assembly integral-type slab for reinforced concrete slab bridge
US20150225065A1 (en) * 2014-02-13 2015-08-13 Airbus Operations Gmbh Stiffening Element, Method For Coupling The Same, And Shell Component For An Aircraft Or Spacecraft
CN104453218A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-03-25 天津市鑫福盛新型建筑模板有限公司 Novel adjustable supporting steel beam of top plate formwork
US10058792B2 (en) * 2015-06-25 2018-08-28 Tibbo Technology, Inc. Three-dimensional grid beam and construction set thereof
US20170073971A1 (en) * 2015-09-14 2017-03-16 Carl Peltier Lightweight Semi-Permanent Truss System
US9803365B2 (en) * 2015-09-14 2017-10-31 Carl Peltier Lightweight semi-permanent truss system

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