US20100055408A1 - Organic anti-reflective layer composition containing ring-opened phthalic anhydride and method for preparation thereof - Google Patents

Organic anti-reflective layer composition containing ring-opened phthalic anhydride and method for preparation thereof Download PDF

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US20100055408A1
US20100055408A1 US12/321,091 US32109109A US2010055408A1 US 20100055408 A1 US20100055408 A1 US 20100055408A1 US 32109109 A US32109109 A US 32109109A US 2010055408 A1 US2010055408 A1 US 2010055408A1
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substituted
unsubstituted
carbon atoms
reflective layer
group
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Jong-Don Lee
Jun-Ho Lee
Shin-Hyo Bae
Seung-Hee Hong
Seung-Duk Cho
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Korea Kumho Petrochemical Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07CACYCLIC OR CARBOCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07C69/00Esters of carboxylic acids; Esters of carbonic or haloformic acids
    • C07C69/76Esters of carboxylic acids having a carboxyl group bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07CACYCLIC OR CARBOCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07C317/00Sulfones; Sulfoxides
    • C07C317/44Sulfones; Sulfoxides having sulfone or sulfoxide groups and carboxyl groups bound to the same carbon skeleton
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07CACYCLIC OR CARBOCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07C323/00Thiols, sulfides, hydropolysulfides or polysulfides substituted by halogen, oxygen or nitrogen atoms, or by sulfur atoms not being part of thio groups
    • C07C323/50Thiols, sulfides, hydropolysulfides or polysulfides substituted by halogen, oxygen or nitrogen atoms, or by sulfur atoms not being part of thio groups containing thio groups and carboxyl groups bound to the same carbon skeleton
    • C07C323/62Thiols, sulfides, hydropolysulfides or polysulfides substituted by halogen, oxygen or nitrogen atoms, or by sulfur atoms not being part of thio groups containing thio groups and carboxyl groups bound to the same carbon skeleton having the sulfur atom of at least one of the thio groups bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring of the carbon skeleton
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07CACYCLIC OR CARBOCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07C69/00Esters of carboxylic acids; Esters of carbonic or haloformic acids
    • C07C69/74Esters of carboxylic acids having an esterified carboxyl group bound to a carbon atom of a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring
    • C07C69/753Esters of carboxylic acids having an esterified carboxyl group bound to a carbon atom of a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring of polycyclic acids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07CACYCLIC OR CARBOCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07C69/00Esters of carboxylic acids; Esters of carbonic or haloformic acids
    • C07C69/76Esters of carboxylic acids having a carboxyl group bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring
    • C07C69/84Esters of carboxylic acids having a carboxyl group bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring of monocyclic hydroxy carboxylic acids, the hydroxy groups and the carboxyl groups of which are bound to carbon atoms of a six-membered aromatic ring
    • C07C69/92Esters of carboxylic acids having a carboxyl group bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring of monocyclic hydroxy carboxylic acids, the hydroxy groups and the carboxyl groups of which are bound to carbon atoms of a six-membered aromatic ring with etherified hydroxyl groups
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03FPHOTOMECHANICAL PRODUCTION OF TEXTURED OR PATTERNED SURFACES, e.g. FOR PRINTING, FOR PROCESSING OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; MATERIALS THEREFOR; ORIGINALS THEREFOR; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED THEREFOR
    • G03F7/00Photomechanical, e.g. photolithographic, production of textured or patterned surfaces, e.g. printing surfaces; Materials therefor, e.g. comprising photoresists; Apparatus specially adapted therefor
    • G03F7/004Photosensitive materials
    • G03F7/09Photosensitive materials characterised by structural details, e.g. supports, auxiliary layers
    • G03F7/091Photosensitive materials characterised by structural details, e.g. supports, auxiliary layers characterised by antireflection means or light filtering or absorbing means, e.g. anti-halation, contrast enhancement
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07CACYCLIC OR CARBOCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07C2602/00Systems containing two condensed rings
    • C07C2602/36Systems containing two condensed rings the rings having more than two atoms in common
    • C07C2602/44Systems containing two condensed rings the rings having more than two atoms in common the bicyclo ring system containing eight carbon atoms
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24479Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.] including variation in thickness
    • Y10T428/24612Composite web or sheet

Abstract

A light absorbent for forming an organic anti-reflective layer, represented by the following formula 1 or formula 2, is provided:
Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00001
Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00002
wherein A represents a substituted or unsubstituted, linear or branched, saturated tetravalent hydrocarbon group, a substituted or unsubstituted, linear or branched, saturated hydrocarbon group and containing one or more heteroatoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic group, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaromatic group, a substituted or unsubstituted alicyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroalicyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl ether, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl sulfide, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl sulfoxide, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl ketone, or a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl bisphenol A; R1, R2, and R3 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted acetal group, or a substituted or unsubstituted hydroxyl group; and n is an integer from 2 to 500.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • 1. Field of the Invention
  • The present invention relates to a novel light absorbent for forming an organic anti-reflective layer, which is a ring-opened phthalic anhydride compound, an organic anti-reflective layer composition, a method for patterning a semiconductor device using the organic anti-reflective layer composition, and a semiconductor device produced by the method for patterning. More particularly, the present invention relates to a novel light absorbent capable of being used in producing an organic anti-reflective layer which is useful for the formation of ultrafine semiconductor patterns using an ArF excimer laser; an organic anti-reflective layer composition containing the light absorbent, which prevents reflection from underneath film layers in lithographic processes, prevents a stationary wave, and exhibits a high dry etching rate; a method for patterning a semiconductor device using the organic anti-reflective layer composition; and a semiconductor device produced by the method for patterning.
  • 2. Description of the Related Art
  • Along with the recent high integration of semiconductor devices, there is a demand for ultrafine patterns with a line width of 0.10 micrometers or less in the production of ultra LSI and the like, and a demand also exists for lithographic processes using light of lower wavelengths in the region of conventionally used g-ray or i-ray as the exposure wavelength. Accordingly, microlithographic processes using KrF excimer lasers and ArF excimer lasers are currently used for the process for producing semiconductor devices.
  • Because the size of patterns of semiconductor devices is ever decreasing, only when the reflectance is maintained to be at least less than 1% while the exposure process is carried out, a uniform pattern can be obtained, and an appropriate process window can be obtained, so as to attain a desired yield.
  • Therefore, technologies of preventing reflection from underneath film layers and eliminating a stationary wave, by disposing an organic anti-reflective layer containing organic molecules which are capable of absorbing light, beneath a photoresist layer, to thereby control the reflectance so as to reduce the reflectance at the maximum, have become important.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • In order to overcome such problems as described above, it is an object of the present invention to provide a novel light absorbent which can be used in an organic anti-reflective layer capable of absorbing reflected light that is generated during exposure in ultrafine patterning lithographic processes making use of 193-nm ArF excimer laser, and an organic anti-reflective layer composition comprising the light absorbent.
  • It is another object of the invention to provide a method of designing the basic structure of an organic anti-reflective layer to constitute a chemical structure capable of increasing the etching rate of the organic anti-reflective layer, and producing a polymer in accordance therewith, to thus produce an organic anti-reflective layer using the polymer, so that etching processes can be carried out more smoothly, and to provide a method for forming a pattern of a semiconductor device using the organic anti-reflective layer composition, which method is capable of achieving the formation of excellent ultrafine patterns by eliminating undercut, footing and the like.
  • According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a light absorbent for forming an organic anti-reflective layer, represented by the following formula 1:
  • Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00003
  • wherein A represents a substituted or unsubstituted, linear or branched, saturated tetravalent hydrocarbon group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted, linear or branched, saturated hydrocarbon group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms and containing one or more heteroatoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic group having 4 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaromatic group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alicyclic group having 4 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroalicyclic group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl ether having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl sulfide having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl sulfoxide having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl ketone having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl bisphenol A having 3 to 20 carbon atoms; and R1 and R2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 14 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted acetal group, or a substituted or unsubstituted hydroxyl group.
  • According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a light absorbent for forming an organic anti-reflective layer, represented by the following formula 2:
  • Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00004
  • wherein A represents a substituted or unsubstituted, linear or branched, saturated tetravalent hydrocarbon group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted, linear or branched, saturated hydrocarbon group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms and containing one or more heteroatoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic group having 4 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaromatic group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alicyclic group having 4 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroalicyclic group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl ether having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl sulfide having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl sulfoxide having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl ketone having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl bisphenol A having 3 to 20 carbon atoms; R3 represents a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 14 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted acetal group, or a substituted or unsubstituted hydroxyl group; and n is an integer from 2 to 500.
  • According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided an organic anti-reflective composition comprising the light absorbent represented by the formula 1 or formula 2, a polymer, a thermal acid generating agent, a crosslinking agent, and a solvent.
  • According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for patterning a semiconductor device, the method comprising:
  • applying the organic anti-reflective layer composition according to the present invention on top of a layer to be etched;
  • curing the applied composition through a baking process, and forming crosslinking bonds to form an organic anti-reflective layer; applying a photoresist on top of the organic anti-reflective layer, and exposing and developing the photoresist to form a photoresist pattern; and
  • etching the organic anti-reflective layer using the photoresist pattern as an etching mask, and then etching the layer to be etched so as to pattern the layer to be etched.
  • According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a semiconductor device produced by the method for patterning according to the present invention.
  • The organic anti-reflective layer composition according to the present invention exhibits excellent adhesiveness and storage stability, as well as excellent resolution in both C/H patterns and L/S patterns. The organic anti-reflective layer composition also has an excellent process window, so that excellent pattern profiles can be obtained irrespective of the type of the substrate.
  • Furthermore, when a pattern is formed using the organic anti-reflective layer composition, etching of the anti-reflective layer can be rapidly carried out in ultrafine patterning processes making use of a 193-nm light source, and as a result, development of high integration semiconductor devices can be achieved more actively.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a 1H-NMR spectrum of a copolymer produced according to an embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 is a 1H-NMR spectrum of a copolymer produced according to another embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 3 is a 1H-NMR spectrum of a copolymer produced according to another embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 4 is a 1H-NMR spectrum of a copolymer produced according to another embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 5 is a 1H-NMR spectrum of a copolymer produced according to another embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 6 is a 1H-NMR spectrum of a copolymer produced according to another embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 7 is a 1H-NMR spectrum of a copolymer produced according to another embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 8 is a 1H-NMR spectrum of a copolymer produced according to another embodiment of the present invention; and
  • FIG. 9 is a 1H-NMR spectrum of a copolymer produced according to another embodiment of the present invention.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in more detail.
  • According to an aspect of the present invention, a ring-opened phthalic anhydride represented by the following formula 1, which serves as a light absorbent for forming an organic anti-reflective layer, is provided.
  • Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00005
  • wherein A represents a substituted or unsubstituted, linear or branched, saturated tetravalent hydrocarbon group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted, linear or branched, saturated hydrocarbon group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms and containing one or more heteroatoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic group having 4 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaromatic group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alicyclic group having 4 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroalicyclic group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl ether having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl sulfide having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl sulfoxide having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl ketone having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl bisphenol A having 3 to 20 carbon atoms; and R1 and R2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 14 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted acetal group, or a substituted or unsubstituted hydroxyl group.
  • According to another aspect of the present invention, a ring-opened phthalic anhydride compound represented by the following formula 2, which serves as a light absorbent for forming an organic anti-reflective layer, is provided.
  • Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00006
  • wherein A represents a substituted or unsubstituted, linear or branched, saturated tetravalent hydrocarbon group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted, linear or branched, saturated hydrocarbon group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms and containing one or more heteroatoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic group having 4 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaromatic group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alicyclic group having 4 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroalicyclic group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl ether having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl sulfide having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl sulfoxide having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl ketone having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl bisphenol A having 3 to 20 carbon atoms; R3 represents a,hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 14 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted acetal group, or a substituted or unsubstituted hydroxyl group; and n is an integer from 2 to 500, and preferably an integer from 2 to 300.
  • Preferably, the compound of formula 2 has a weight average molecular weight of 350 to 100,000, and more preferably 400 to 50,000.
  • The light absorbent contained in an organic anti-reflective layer can be classified into a type in which the light absorbent is included in a compound in the form of a chemical moiety capable of absorbing light, and a type in which the light absorbent is separately present with a polymer incapable of absorbing light. Typically, the light absorbent is separately used so that the amount of the light absorbing chemical species can be controlled.
  • The light absorbent of the present invention includes a benzene chromophore, and contains functional groups for thermal curing.
  • Specifically, since benzene chromophore derivatives may have widely varying etching properties depending on the structure, derivatives having various structures have been introduced in the present invention for the application in the organic anti-reflective layer composition.
  • Upon examining the reaction between the above-described light absorbent according to the present invention and a thermally curable compound which is a polymer to be contained in the anti-reflective layer composition as will be described later, a carboxylic acid functional group is generated by ring-opening of the light absorbent by means of an alcohol compound, and this carboxylic acid functional group reacts with a functional group of the thermally curable compound, such as acetal, epoxy or hemiacetal, to form a crosslinked structure.
  • The term “substituted” according to the present invention means that one or more hydrogen atoms in a group may be respectively substituted with a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a nitro group, a cyano group, an amino group, an amidino group, hydrazine, hydrazone, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C1-C10 alkenyl group, a C1-C10 alkynyl group, a C6-C20 aryl group, a C7-C20 arylalkyl group, a C4-C20 heteroaryl group or a C5-C20 heteroarylalkyl group.
  • Specific examples of the light absorbent for forming an organic anti-reflective layer, represented by the formula 1, according to the present invention include compounds of the following formulas 3 to 42.
  • Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00007
    Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00008
    Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00009
    Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00010
    Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00011
    Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00012
    Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00013
    Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00014
    Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00015
    Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00016
    Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00017
    Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00018
    Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00019
  • Furthermore, specific examples of the light absorbent for forming an organic anti-reflective layer, represented by the formula 2, according to the present invention include compounds of the following formulas 43 to 60.
  • Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00020
    Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00021
    Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00022
  • According to an embodiment of the present invention, the compounds represented by formula 1 of the present invention are produced by reacting a substituted or unsubstituted benzyl alcohol compound represented by the following formula 61 with various dianhydride compounds in the presence of a base, and then neutralizing the base used with an acid.
  • Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00023
  • wherein R4 represents a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 14 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted acetal group, or a substituted or unsubstituted hydroxyl group.
  • According to another embodiment of the present invention, the compounds represented by formula 2 of the present invention can be produced by reacting a compound represented by the following formula 62 with various dianhydride compounds.
  • Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00024
  • wherein R5 represents a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 14 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted acetal group, or a substituted or unsubstituted hydroxyl group.
  • The light absorbent of the present invention can be synthesized by conventional methods, but preferably, synthesis of the light absorbent of the present invention is achieved by a reaction in a basic environment.
  • The aforementioned various dianhydrides are advantageous in that the compounds are highly reactive with alcohols, and have four reactive groups so that two chromophores can be introduced first and then two more crosslinking sites can be provided in the subsequent processes.
  • Examples of the base that can be used to provide a basic environment include dimethylaminopyridine, pyridine, 1,4-diazabicyclo[2,2,2]octane. 1,5-diazabicyclo[4,3,0]nonane, triethylamine, 2,6-di-tert-butylpyridine, diisopropylethylamine, diazabicycloundecene, tetramethylethylenediamine, tetrabutylammonium bromide and the like, and no particular limitation is posed.
  • As for the solvent for synthesis, one or more can be selected from benzene, toluene, xylene, halogenated benzene, diethyl ether, tetrahydrofuran, esters, ethers, lactones, ketones and amides, and used.
  • The temperature for synthesis of the compound can be selected and used in accordance with the solvent, and is usually 5° C. to 200° C., and preferably 20° C. to 100° C.
  • According to another aspect of the present invention, an organic anti-reflective layer composition containing the light absorbent of the present invention is also provided.
  • According to an embodiment of the present invention, the organic anti-reflective layer composition comprises the light absorbent of the present invention, a polymer, a thermal acid generating agent, a crosslinking agent and a solvent.
  • A preferable organic anti-reflective layer composition needs to satisfy the following requirements.
  • Firstly, the composition should contain a substance which is capable of absorbing light in the wavelength region of the light source for exposure so as to prevent reflection from underneath film layers.
  • Secondly, in a process of laminating an anti-reflective layer and then laminating a photoresist layer, the anti-reflective layer should not be dissolved and destroyed by the solvent for the photoresist. For this reason, the anti-reflective layer should be designed to have a structure which can be thermally cured, and during the process of laminating the anti-reflective layer, a baking process is carried out after coating of the anti-reflective layer so as to proceed curing.
  • Thirdly, the anti-reflective layer should be able to be etched more rapidly than the photoresist layer on the upper side, so that the loss of photoresist resulting from etching of underneath film layers can be reduced.
  • Fourthly, the anti-reflective layer composition should not be reactive to the photoresist on the upper side. Further, compounds such as amines or acids should be prevented from migrating to the photoresist layer. This is because these migrating impurities may cause defects, such as footing or undercut in particular, in the photoresist pattern.
  • Fifthly, the anti-reflective layer composition should have optical properties which are suitable for various exposure processes using various substrates, that is, appropriate refractive index and absorption coefficient, and should have good adhesive power to the substrate and photoresist layer.
  • The organic anti-reflective layer composition according to the present invention satisfies all of the above-mentioned requirements.
  • Hereinafter, the organic anti-reflective layer composition according to the present invention will be described in detail.
  • The light absorbent is a compound represented by formula 1 or formula 2 as described previously in the above. The polymer to be contained in the organic anti-reflective layer composition of the present invention can be obtained by polymerizing an acrylate-based, maleic anhydride-based, phenol-based or ester-based monomer, and the polymer is not particularly limited as long as it is a polymer having crosslinking sites which are capable of reacting with the light absorbent, at the terminals of the main chain or side chains.
  • An organic anti-reflective layer employing such polymer acquires resistance to dissolution by solvents, as the composition applied on a substrate is cured while going through a baking process.
  • Therefore, at the time of applying a photosensitizer after the lamination of the organic anti-reflective layer, dissolution of the anti-reflective layer by the solvent of the photosensitizer does not occur, and stability can be imparted to the anti-reflective layer.
  • The organic anti-reflective layer composition of the present invention may contain additives in order to facilitate curing of the light absorbent and polymer and to enhance their performance, and examples of such additives include a crosslinking agent and a thermal acid generating agent.
  • First, the crosslinking agent is preferably a compound having at least two or more crosslinkable functional groups, and examples thereof include aminoplastic compounds, polyfunctional epoxy resins, mixtures of dianhydrides, and the like.
  • The aminoplastic compounds may be exemplified by dimethoxymethylglycoluril, diethoxymethylglycoluril and mixtures thereof, diethyldimethylmethylglycoluril, tetramethoxymethylglycoluril, hexamethoxymethylmelamine resin, and the like.
  • As for the polyfunctional epoxy compounds, it is preferable to use, for example, MY720, CY179MA, DENACOL and the like, as well as products equivalent thereto.
  • Next, it is preferable to use a thermal acid generating agent as a catalyst for accelerating the curing reaction. As for the thermal acid generating agent to be contained in the present invention, toluenesulfonic acid, amine salts or pyridine salts of toluenesulfonic acid, alkylsulfonic acid, amine salts or pyridine salts of alkylsulfonic acid, and the like can also be used.
  • As for the organic solvent that can be used in the organic anti-reflective layer composition of the present invention, it is preferable to use one or more solvents selected from the group consisting of propylene glycol monomethyl ether (PGME), propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate (PGMEA), cyclohexanone, ethyl lactate, propylene glycol n-propyl ether, dimethylformamide (DMF), γ-butyrolactone, ethoxyethanol, methoxyethanol, methyl 3-methoxypropionate (MMP) and ethyl 3-ethoxypropionate (EEP).
  • According to another embodiment of the present invention, the organic anti-reflective layer composition contains the light absorbent represented by formula 1 or formula 2 in an amount of preferably 0.1 to 40% by weight, more preferably 0.1 to 15% by weight, and even more preferably 0.1 to 10% by weight, based on the whole composition. The polymer is contained in an amount of preferably 0.1 to 20% by weight based on the whole composition. The crosslinking agent is contained in an amount of preferably 0.01 to 15% by weight, and more preferably 0.05 to 7% by weight, based on the whole composition. The thermal acid generating agent is contained in an amount of 0.01 to 20% by weight, more preferably 0.01 to 10% by weight, and even more preferably 0.02 to 5% by weight, based on the whole composition. The balance of the contents in the composition can be constituted of the solvent and other additional additives which are well known and widely used.
  • When the processes for forming an organic anti-reflective layer are briefly examined, an organic anti-reflective layer composition containing the constituent components as described above at the compositional ratios given above is applied on a wafer, and then a thermal process such as baking is carried out so that acid is generated from the thermal acid generating agent. Then, in the presence of the generated acid, a crosslinking reaction involving the light absorbent represented by formula 1 or formula 2, the polymer and the crosslinking agent which is used as an additive, is accelerated, and an organic anti-reflective layer which is not soluble in organic solvents is formed. Such organic anti-reflective layer can prevent diffused reflection from the layers underneath the photoresist layer by absorbing far-ultraviolet rays which have penetrated through the photoresist layer and reached the organic anti-reflective layer.
  • The method for forming a pattern of a semiconductor device using the organic anti-reflective layer composition as described above, comprises applying the organic anti-reflective layer composition on top of a layer to be etched; curing the applied composition through a baking process, and forming crosslinking bonds to form an organic anti-reflective layer; applying a photoresist on top of the organic anti-reflective layer, and exposing and developing the photoresist to form a photoresist pattern; and etching the organic anti-reflective layer using the photoresist pattern as an etching mask, and then etching the layer to be etched so as to pattern the layer to be etched.
  • In the process of laminating the organic anti-reflective layer according to the present invention, the baking process can be carried out preferably at a temperature of 150° C. to 250° C. for 0.5 to 5 minutes, and more preferably for 1 minute to 5 minutes.
  • Furthermore, in the patterning method according to the present invention, an additional baking process can be carried out again before or after laminating an organic or inorganic composition of anti-reflective layer or silicone anti-reflective layer on top of a spin-on carbon hard mask, and such baking process is preferably carried out at a temperature of 70° C. to 200° C.
  • According to another aspect of the present invention, a semiconductor device produced by the patterning method of the present invention is provided.
  • The present invention will be described specifically by way of the following Synthesis Examples and Examples. However, the present invention is not intended to be limited to these Synthesis Examples and Examples.
  • In the following Synthesis Examples 1 to 10, light absorbents for organic anti-reflective layer were synthesized.
  • SYNTHESIS EXAMPLE 1
  • 50 g of bicycle[2,2,2]octene-2,3,5,6-tetracarboxylic acid dianhydride, 43.57 g of benzenemethanol, 31.87 g of pyridine and 4.92 g of dimethylaminopyridine were dissolved in 260.73 g of 1,4-dioxane, and then the solution was allowed to react at 80° C. for 24 hours. After completion of the reaction, formic acid was added dropwise to the reaction solution to neutralize the solution. Ethyl acetate and distilled water were added to this reaction product, and the organic layer was separated. The separated organic layer was subjected to solvent removal, and then was dissolved again in dioxane. This solution was dropped in water, and a precipitate thus generated was filtered, washed several times with distilled water, and then dried, to obtain 45.62 g (yield=46.6%) of a compound. The 1H-NMR spectrum of the copolymer produced according to Synthesis Example 1 is presented in FIG. 1.
  • SYNTHESIS EXAMPLE 2
  • 105 g of 4,4′-oxydiphthalic anhydride, 73.21 g of benzenemethanol, 5.36 g of pyridine, and 8.27 g of dimethylaminopyridine were dissolved in 450.21 g of 1,4-dioxane, and then the solution was allowed to react at 80° C. for 24 hours. After completion of the reaction, formic acid was added dropwise to the reaction solution to neutralize the solution. Ethyl acetate and distilled water were added to this reaction product, and the organic layer was separated. The separated organic layer was subjected to solvent removal, and then was dissolved in propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, to obtain a compound. The 1H-NMR spectrum of the solid light absorbent produced according to Synthesis Example 2 is presented in FIG. 2.
  • SYNTHESIS EXAMPLE 3
  • 50 g of 4,4′-(4,4′-isopropylidenediphenoxy)bis(phthalic anhydride), 19.74 g of benzyl alcohol, 15.2 g of pyridine, and 2.35 g of dimethylaminopyridine were dissolved in 174.56 g of 1,4-dioxane, and then the solution was allowed to react at 80° C. for 24 hours. After completion of the reaction, formic acid was added dropwise to the reaction solution to neutralize the solution. Ethyl acetate and distilled water were added to this reaction product, and the organic layer was separated. The separated organic layer was subjected to solvent removal, and then was dissolved in propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, to obtain a compound. The 1H-NMR spectrum of the solid light absorbent produced according to Synthesis Example 3 is presented in FIG. 3.
  • SYNTHESIS EXAMPLE 4
  • 50 g of benzophenone-3,3′,4,4′-tetracarboxylic acid dianhydride, 33.56 g of benzyl alcohol, 24.55 g of pyridine, and 3.79 g of dimethylaminopyridine were dissolved in 223.8 g of 1,4-dioxane, and then the solution was allowed to react at 80° C. for 24 hours. After completion of the reaction, formic acid was added dropwise to the reaction solution to neutralize the solution. Ethyl acetate and distilled water were added to this reaction product, and the organic layer was separated. The separated organic layer was subjected to solvent removal, and then was dissolved in propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, to obtain a compound. The 1H-NMR spectrum of the solid light absorbent produced according to Synthesis Example 4 is presented in FIG. 4.
  • SYNTHESIS EXAMPLE 5
  • 25 g of 4,4′-(hexafluoroisopropylidene)diphthalic anhydride, 12.17 g of benzyl alcohol, 8.9 g of pyridine, and 1.38 g of dimethylaminopyridine were dissolved in 94.9 g of 1,4-dioxane, and then the solution was allowed to react at 80° C. for 24 hours. After completion of the reaction, formic acid was added dropwise to the reaction solution to neutralize the solution. Ethyl acetate and distilled water were added to this reaction product, and the organic layer was separated. The separated organic layer was subjected to solvent removal, and then was dissolved in propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, to obtain a compound. The 1H-NMR spectrum of the solid light absorbent produced according to Synthesis Example 5 is presented in FIG. 5.
  • SYNTHESIS EXAMPLE 6
  • 20 g of 4,4′-(4,4′-isopropylidenediphenoxy)bis(phthalic anhydride), 5.31 g of benzenedimethanol, 3.04 g of pyridine, and 0.74 g of dimethylaminopyridine were dissolved in 57.64 g of 1,4-dioxane, and then the solution was allowed to react at 80° C. for 24 hours. After completion of the reaction, formic acid was added dropwise to the reaction solution to neutralize the solution. Ethyl acetate and distilled water were added to this reaction product, and the organic layer was separated. The separated organic layer was subjected to solvent removal, and then was dissolved in propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, to obtain a compound. The 1H-NMR spectrum of the solid light absorbent produced according to Synthesis Example 6 is presented in FIG. 6.
  • SYNTHESIS EXAMPLE 7
  • 50 g of 4,4′-(4,4′-isopropylidenediphenoxy)bis(phthalic anhydride), 27.28 g of 4-(hydroxymethyl)benzoic acid, 15.2 g of pyridine, and 2.35 g of dimethylaminopyridine were dissolved in 174.56 g of 1,4-dioxane, and then the solution was allowed to react at 80° C. for 24 hours. After completion of the reaction, formic acid was added dropwise to the reaction solution to neutralize the solution. Ethyl acetate and distilled water were added to this reaction product, and the organic layer was separated. The separated organic layer was subjected to solvent removal, and then was dissolved in propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, to obtain a compound. The 1H-NMR spectrum of the solid light absorbent produced according to Synthesis Example 7 is presented in FIG. 7.
  • SYNTHESIS EXAMPLE 8
  • 50 g of 4,4′-(4,4′-isopropylidenediphenoxy)bis(phthalic anhydride), 31.39 g of methyl 4-(hydroxymethyl)benzoate, 15.2 g of pyridine, and 2.35 g of dimethylaminopyridine were dissolved in 174.56 g of 1,4-dioxane, and then the solution was allowed to react at 80° C. for 24 hours. After completion of the reaction, formic acid was added dropwise to the reaction solution to neutralize the solution. Ethyl acetate and distilled water were added to this reaction product, and the organic layer was separated. The separated organic layer was subjected to solvent removal, and then was dissolved in propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, to obtain a compound. The 1H-NMR spectrum of the solid light absorbent produced according to Synthesis Example 8 is presented in FIG. 8.
  • SYNTHESIS EXAMPLE 9
  • 50 g of 4,4′-(4,4′-isopropylidenediphenoxy)bis(phthalic anhydride), 23.47 g of 4-methylbenzyl alcohol, 15.2 g of pyridine, and 2.35 g of dimethylaminopyridine were dissolved in 174.56 g of 1,4-dioxane, and then the solution was allowed to react at 80° C. for 24 hours. After completion of the reaction, formic acid was added dropwise to the reaction solution to neutralize the solution. Ethyl acetate and distilled water were added to this reaction product, and the organic layer was separated. The separated organic layer was subjected to solvent removal, and then was dissolved in propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, to obtain a compound. The 1H-NMR spectrum of the solid light absorbent produced according to Synthesis Example 9 is presented in FIG. 9.
  • SYNTHESIS EXAMPLE 10
  • 50 g of 4,4′-(4,4′-isopropylidenediphenoxy)bis(phthalic anhydride), 23.85 g of 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol, 15.2 g of pyridine, and 2.35 g of dimethylaminopyridine were dissolved in 174.56 g of 1,4-dioxane, and then the solution was allowed to react at 80° C. for 24 hours. After completion of the reaction, formic acid was added dropwise to the reaction solution to neutralize the solution. Ethyl acetate and distilled water were added to this reaction product, and the organic layer was separated. The separated organic layer was subjected to solvent removal, and then was dissolved in propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, to obtain a compound. The 1H-NMR spectrum of the solid light absorbent produced according to Synthesis Example 10 is presented in FIG. 10.
  • EXAMPLE 1
  • Preparation of Organic Anti-Reflective Layer Composition A
  • 4 g of the light absorbent for organic anti-reflective layer produced in the above Synthesis Example 1, 6 g of an acrylic polymer, 2 g of tetramethoxymethylglycoluril and 0.2 g of pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate were dissolved in 987.8 g of propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, and then the solution was filtered through a membrane filter having a pore size of 0.2 μm, to prepare an organic anti-reflective layer composition A.
  • EXAMPLE 2
  • Preparation of Organic Anti-Reflective Layer Composition B
  • 4 g of the light absorbent for organic anti-reflective layer produced in the above Synthesis Example 2, 6 g of an acrylic polymer, 2 g of tetramethoxymethylglycoluril and 0.2 g of pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate were dissolved in 987.8 g of propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, and then the solution was filtered through a membrane filter having a pore size of 0.2 μm, to prepare an organic anti-reflective layer composition B.
  • EXAMPLE 3
  • Preparation of Organic Anti-Reflective Layer Composition C
  • 4 g of the light absorbent for organic anti-reflective layer produced in the above Synthesis Example 3, 6 g of an acrylic polymer, 2 g of tetramethoxymethylglycoluril and 0.2 g of pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate were dissolved in 987.8 g of propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, and then the solution was filtered through a membrane filter having a pore size of 0.2 μm, to prepare an organic anti-reflective layer composition C.
  • EXAMPLE 4
  • Preparation of Organic Anti-Reflective Layer Composition D
  • 4 g of the light absorbent for organic anti-reflective layer produced in the above Synthesis Example 4, 6 g of an acrylic polymer, 2 g of tetramethoxymethylglycoluril and 0.2 g of pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate were dissolved in 987.8 g of propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, and then the solution was filtered through a membrane filter having a pore size of 0.2 μm, to prepare an organic anti-reflective layer composition D.
  • EXAMPLE 5
  • Preparation of Organic Anti-Reflective Layer Composition E
  • 4 g of the light absorbent for organic anti-reflective layer produced in the above Synthesis Example 5, 6 g of an acrylic polymer, 2 g of tetramethoxymethylglycoluril and 0.2 g of pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate were dissolved in 987.8 g of propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, and then the solution was filtered through a membrane filter having a pore size of 0.2 μm, to prepare an organic anti-reflective layer composition E.
  • EXAMPLE 6
  • Preparation of Organic Anti-Reflective Layer Composition F
  • 4 g of the light absorbent for organic anti-reflective layer produced in the above Synthesis Example 6, 6 g of an acrylic polymer, 2 g of tetramethoxymethylglycoluril and 0.2 g of pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate were dissolved in 987.8 g of propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, and then the solution was filtered through a membrane filter having a pore size of 0.2 μm, to prepare an organic anti-reflective layer composition F.
  • EXAMPLE 7
  • Preparation of Organic Anti-Reflective Layer Composition G
  • 4 g of the light absorbent for organic anti-reflective layer produced in the above Synthesis Example 7, 6 g of an acrylic polymer, 2 g of tetramethoxymethylglycoluril and 0.2 g of pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate were dissolved in 987.8 g of propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, and then the solution was filtered through a membrane filter having a pore size of 0.2 μm, to prepare an organic anti-reflective layer composition G.
  • EXAMPLE 8
  • Preparation of Organic Anti-Reflective Layer Composition H
  • 4 g of the light absorbent for organic anti-reflective layer produced in the above Synthesis Example 8, 6 g of an acrylic polymer, 2 g of tetramethoxymethylglycoluril and 0.2 g of pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate were dissolved in 987.8 g of propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, and then the solution was filtered through a membrane filter having a pore size of 0.2 μm, to prepare an organic anti-reflective layer composition H.
  • EXAMPLE 9
  • Preparation of Organic Anti-Reflective Layer Composition I
  • 4 g of the light absorbent for organic anti-reflective layer produced in the above Synthesis Example 9, 6 g of an acrylic polymer, 2 g of tetramethoxymethylglycoluril and 0.2 g of pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate were dissolved in 987.8 g of propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, and then the solution was filtered through a membrane filter having a pore size of 0.2 μm, to prepare an organic anti-reflective layer composition I.
  • EXAMPLE 10
  • Preparation of Organic Anti-Reflective Layer Composition J
  • 4 g of the light absorbent for organic anti-reflective layer produced in the above Synthesis Example 10, 6 g of an acrylic polymer, 2 g of tetramethoxymethylglycoluril and 0.2 g of pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate were dissolved in 987.8 g of propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, and then the solution was filtered through a membrane filter having a pore size of 0.2 μm, to prepare an organic anti-reflective layer composition J.
  • Results for measurement of properties of organic anti-reflective layers and formation of photoresist patterns
  • 1) Stripping Test
  • Each of the organic anti-reflective layer compositions A to J prepared in Example 1 to 10 was applied on a silicon wafer by spin coating, and then the coated wafer was baked on a hot plate at 230° C. for 1 minute to form an organic anti-reflective layer. The thickness of the layer was measured, and the wafer coated with the organic anti-reflective layer was immersed for 1 minute in ethyl lactate and propylene glycol monomethyl ether, which are solvents used for the photoresist. Subsequently, the coated wafer was baked on a hot plate at 100° C. for 1 minute to completely remove the solvents, and then the thickness of the organic anti-reflective layer was measured again. It was confirmed that the anti-reflective layer was insoluble in the solvents.
  • 2) Measurement of Optical Properties
  • Each of the organic anti-reflective layer compositions A to J prepared in Example 1 to 10 was applied on a silicon wafer by spin coating, and then the coated wafer was baked on a hot plate at 230° C. for 1 minute to form an organic anti-reflective layer. The refractive index (n) at 193 nm and the extinction coefficient (k) of the anti-reflective layer were measured using a spectroscopic ellipsometer (J.A. Woollam Co., Inc.). The measurement results are presented in Table 1.
  • TABLE 1 Extinction Thickness of first Refractive coefficient microthin film Reflectance index (n) (k) (nm) (%) Example 1 1.62 0.28 33 <0.1 Example 2 1.76 0.28 24 <0.1 Example 3 1.75 0.29 24 <0.1 Example 4 1.79 0.33 22 <0.1 Example 5 1.69 0.37 27 <0.2 Example 6 1.67 0.28 30 <0.1 Example 7 1.65 0.29 31 <0.1 Example 8 1.68 0.29 29 <0.1 Example 9 1.67 0.25 30 <0.1 Example 10 1.66 0.25 31 <0.1
  • 3) Simulation of First Microthin Film
  • An organic anti-reflective layer was formed using each of the organic anti-reflective layer compositions A to J prepared in Example 1 to 10, and then the refractive index (n) at 193 nm and the extinction coefficient (k) of the anti-reflective layer were measured using a spectroscopic ellipsometer. Subsequently, the thickness of the first microthin film, and the reflectance in the case of using the thickness of the first microthin film were calculated by performing a simulation using the values of the refractive index (n) and extinction coefficient (k) obtained from the measurement. The simulation was related to the reflectance obtainable in the case where 40 nm of silicon oxynitride was deposited on the silicon wafer. The software used in the simulation was KLA Tencor FINDLE Division PROLITH, and the results are presented in Table 1.
  • 4) Formation of Organic Anti-Reflective Layer and Photoresist Pattern
  • Each of the organic anti-reflective layer compositions A to J prepared in Example 1 to 10 was applied by spin coating on a silicon wafer deposited with silicon oxynitride, and then the coated wafer was baked on a hot plate at 230° C. for 1 minute, to form an organic anti-reflective layer. Subsequently, an ArF photoresist was applied on top of the organic anti-reflective layer, and then the coated wafer was baked at 100° C. for 60 seconds. Then, the photoresist was exposed using a scanner equipment, and then the wafer was baked again at 115° C. for 60 seconds. The exposed wafer was developed using a developer solution containing 2.38% by weight of TMAH, to obtain a final photoresist pattern. The pattern was of L/S type with a size of 80 nm, and the results are presented in Table 2.
  • TABLE 2 Energy Focus margin depth margin (%) (μm) Shape of pattern Example 1 22 0.4 Perpendicular Example 2 20 0.5 Perpendicular Example 3 23 0.5 Perpendicular Example 4 26 0.3 Perpendicular Example 5 31 0.5 Perpendicular Example 6 28 0.4 Perpendicular Example 7 27 0.4 Perpendicular Example 8 26 0.5 Perpendicular Example 9 28 0.4 Perpendicular Example 10 31 0.3 Perpendicular

Claims (20)

1. A light absorbent for forming an organic anti-reflective layer, represented by the following formula 1:
Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00025
wherein A represents a substituted or unsubstituted, linear or branched, saturated tetravalent hydrocarbon group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted, linear or branched, saturated hydrocarbon group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms and containing one or more heteroatoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic group having 4 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaromatic group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alicyclic group having 4 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroalicyclic group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl ether having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl sulfide having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl sulfoxide having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl ketone having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl bisphenol A having 3 to 20 carbon atoms; and R1 and R2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 14 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted acetal group, or a substituted or unsubstituted hydroxyl group.
2. A light absorbent for forming an organic anti-reflective layer, represented by the following formula 2:
Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00026
wherein A represents a substituted or unsubstituted, linear or branched, saturated tetravalent hydrocarbon group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted, linear or branched, saturated hydrocarbon group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms and containing one or more heteroatoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic group having 4 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaromatic group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alicyclic group having 4 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroalicyclic group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl ether having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl sulfide having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl sulfoxide having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl ketone having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl bisphenol A having 3 to 20 carbon atoms; R3 represents a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 14 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted acetal group, or a substituted or unsubstituted hydroxyl group; and n is an integer from 2 to 500.
3. The light absorbent for forming an organic anti-reflective layer according to claim 1, wherein the light absorbent represented by the formula 1 is a compound produced by a reaction in the presence of a base.
4. The light absorbent for forming an organic anti-reflective layer according to claim 3, wherein the base is a compound selected from the group consisting of dimethylaminopyridine, pyridine, 1,4-diazabicyclo[2,2,2]octane, 1,5-diazabicyclo[4,3,0]nonane, triethylamine, 2,6-di-tert-butylpyridine, diisopropylethylamine, diazabicycloundecene, tetramethylethylenediamine and tetrabutylammonium bromide.
5. An organic anti-reflective layer composition comprising a light absorbent represented by the following formula 1 or formula 2, a polymer, a thermal acid generating agent, a crosslinking agent and a solvent:
Figure US20100055408A1-20100304-C00027
wherein A represents a substituted or unsubstituted, linear or branched, saturated tetravalent hydrocarbon group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted, linear or branched, saturated hydrocarbon group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms and containing one or more heteroatoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic group having 4 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaromatic group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alicyclic group having 4 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroalicyclic group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl ether having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl sulfide having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl sulfoxide having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl ketone having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted diaryl bisphenol A having 3 to 20 carbon atoms; R1, R2 and R3 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 14 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted acetal group, or a substituted or unsubstituted hydroxyl group; and n is an integer from 2 to 500.
6. The organic anti-reflective layer composition according to claim 5, wherein the composition comprises 0.1 to 5% by weight of the light absorbent, 0.1 to 5% by weight of the polymer, 0.01 to 1% by weight of the thermal acid generating agent, and 0.05 to 5% by weight of the crosslinking agent.
7. The organic anti-reflective layer composition according to claim 5, wherein the polymer is a resin having crosslinking sites at the terminals of the main chain or side chains.
8. The organic anti-reflective layer composition according to claim 5, wherein the crosslinking agent is an aminoplastic compound, a polyfunctional epoxy resin, an anhydride or a mixture thereof, which respectively has two or more crosslinkable functional groups.
9. The organic anti-reflective layer composition according to claim 5, wherein the thermal acid generating agent is toluenesulfonic acid, an amine salt of toluenesulfonci acid, a pyridine salt of toluenesulfonic acid, alkylsulfonic acid, an amine salt of alkylsulfonic acid, or a pyridine salt of alkylsulfonic acid.
10. The organic anti-reflective layer composition according to claim 5, wherein the solvent is one or more selected from the group consisting of propylene glycol monomethyl ether (PGME), propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate (PGMEA), cyclohexanone, ethyl lactate, propylene glycol n-propyl ether, dimethylformamide (DMF), γ-butyrolactone, ethoxyethanol, methoxyethanol, methyl 3-methoxypropionate (MMP) and ethyl 3-ethoxypropionate (EEP).
11. A method for patterning a semiconductor device, the method comprising:
applying the organic anti-reflective layer composition according to claim 5 on top of a layer to be etched;
curing the applied composition through a baking process, and forming crosslinking bonds to form an organic anti-reflective layer;
applying a photoresist on top of the organic anti-reflective layer, and exposing and developing the photoresist to form a photoresist pattern; and
etching the organic anti-reflective layer using the photoresist pattern as an etching mask, and then etching the layer to be etched so as to pattern the layer to be etched.
12. The method for patterning a semiconductor device according to claim 11, wherein the baking process during the curing is carried out at a temperature of 150° C. to 250° C. for 0.5 minutes or 5 minutes.
13. The method for patterning a semiconductor device according to claim 11, further comprising a second baking process before or after exposing during the forming a photoresist pattern.
14. A semiconductor device produced by the method for patterning according to claim 11.
15. The light absorbent for forming an organic anti-reflective layer according to claim 2, wherein the light absorbent represented by the formula 2 is a compound produced by a reaction in the presence of a base.
16. The light absorbent for forming an organic anti-reflective layer according to claim 15, wherein the base is a compound selected from the group consisting of dimethylaminopyridine, pyridine, 1,4-diazabicyclo[2,2,2]octane, 1,5-diazabicyclo[4,3,0]nonane, triethylamine, 2,6-di-tert-butylpyridine, diisopropylethylamine, diazabicycloundecene, tetramethylethylenediamine and tetrabutylammonium bromide.
17. The organic anti-reflective layer composition according to claim 6, wherein the polymer is a resin having crosslinking sites at the terminals of the main chain or side chains.
18. The organic anti-reflective layer composition according to claim 6, wherein the crosslinking agent is an aminoplastic compound, a polyfunctional epoxy resin, an anhydride or a mixture thereof, which respectively has two or more crosslinkable functional groups.
19. The organic anti-reflective layer composition according to claim 6, wherein the thermal acid generating agent is toluenesulfonic acid, an amine salt of toluenesulfonci acid, a pyridine salt of toluenesulfonic acid, alkylsulfonic acid, an amine salt of alkylsulfonic acid, or a pyridine salt of alkylsulfonic acid.
20. The organic anti-reflective layer composition according to claim 6, wherein the solvent is one or more selected from the group consisting of propylene glycol monomethyl ether (PGME), propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate (PGMEA), cyclohexanone, ethyl lactate, propylene glycol n-propyl ether, dimethylformamide (DMF), γ-butyrolactone, ethoxyethanol, methoxyethanol, methyl 3-methoxypropionate (MMP) and ethyl 3-ethoxypropionate (EEP).
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