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Footwear construction and method

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Publication number
US20100050470A1
US20100050470A1 US12615386 US61538609A US2010050470A1 US 20100050470 A1 US20100050470 A1 US 20100050470A1 US 12615386 US12615386 US 12615386 US 61538609 A US61538609 A US 61538609A US 2010050470 A1 US2010050470 A1 US 2010050470A1
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
polyurethane
footwear
outsole
upper
rubber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12615386
Inventor
Paul Hubner
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Baffin Inc
Original Assignee
Baffin Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B1/00Footwear characterised by the material
    • A43B1/10Footwear made of rubber
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B1/00Footwear characterised by the material
    • A43B1/14Footwear made of gutta-percha, celluloid, or plastics
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29DPRODUCING PARTICULAR ARTICLES FROM PLASTICS OR FROM SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE
    • B29D35/00Producing footwear
    • B29D35/06Producing footwear having soles or heels formed and joined on to preformed uppers using a moulding technique, e.g. by injection moulding, pressing and vulcanising
    • B29D35/061Producing footwear having soles or heels formed and joined on to preformed uppers using a moulding technique, e.g. by injection moulding, pressing and vulcanising by injection moulding
    • B29D35/062Producing footwear having soles or heels formed and joined on to preformed uppers using a moulding technique, e.g. by injection moulding, pressing and vulcanising by injection moulding using means to bond the moulding material to the preformed uppers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29DPRODUCING PARTICULAR ARTICLES FROM PLASTICS OR FROM SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE
    • B29D35/00Producing footwear
    • B29D35/10Producing footwear having preformed soles or heels joined on to preformed uppers using a moulding technique, e.g. by feeding or injecting plastics material between the parts to be joined

Abstract

An article of footwear having a rubber outsole, a polyurethane midsole bonded to the rubber outsole by polyurethane (PU) adhesive, and a polyurethane upper bonded to the midsole and the rubber outsole by injection molding. The invention also relates to a method of manufacturing an article of footwear comprising the steps of applying a layer of primer to a selected portion of a rubber outsole and allowing the layer of primer to dry; applying a first layer of PU adhesive over the primed portion of the outsole and allowing said first layer of PU adhesive to dry; applying a second layer of PU adhesive over the dried first layer of PU adhesive and allowing the second layer of PU adhesive to dry; forming, separately, a polyurethane upper by injection molding; setting the outsole and the upper in a mold; and, forming, via injection molding, a polyurethane midsole and activating the PU adhesive to bond the outsole to the midsole and to the upper, thereby forming the article of footwear.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • [0001]
    The present invention relates to the field of footwear, and more particularly to injection-molded polyurethane footwear.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0002]
    Currently, polyurethane molded footwear is produced as a light-weight abrasion-resistant alternative to rubber, thermoplastic rubber or polyvinyl chloride (PVC) footwear. However, a concern with existing polyurethane molded footwear is that polyurethane does not adjust well to cold environments. At colder temperatures, the polyurethane outsole material becomes hard and frozen and as a result becomes a slip and fall hazard, as the outsole material no longer adequately grips on walking surfaces.
  • [0003]
    Therefore, there is a need for footwear which combines polyurethane and rubber such that the final footwear product incorporates the light-weight properties of polyurethane with the cold-resistant properties of rubber. However, previous attempts to bond polyurethane and rubber using conventional footwear molding or gluing techniques have not been successful, with the different layers tending to separate under normal usage. Additionally, there is a need for a method of manufacturing such footwear in a cost-effective manner.
  • [0004]
    It is an object of this invention to partially or completely fulfill one or more of the above-mentioned needs and shortcomings.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0005]
    In accordance with one aspect of the present invention there is disclosed an article of footwear having a rubber outsole, a polyurethane midsole bonded to the rubber outsole by a polyurethane (PU) adhesive and by injection molding of the midsole, and a polyurethane upper bonded to the polyurethane midsole by the injection molding of the midsole.
  • [0006]
    In accordance with another aspect of the present invention there is disclosed a method of manufacturing an article of footwear comprising the steps of: a) applying a layer of primer to a selected portion of a rubber outsole and allowing said layer of primer to dry; b) applying a first layer of PU adhesive over the primed portion of the outsole and allowing said first layer of PU adhesive to dry; c) applying a second layer of PU adhesive over the dried first layer of PU adhesive and allowing said second layer of PU adhesive to dry; d) forming, separately, a polyurethane upper by injection molding; e) setting the outsole and the upper in a mold; and, f) forming, via injection molding, a polyurethane midsole between said polyurethane upper and said rubber outsole, with the injection molding serving to bond the polyurethane upper to the polyurethane midsole and to activate the polyurethane adhesive to bond the polyurethane midsole to the polyurethane upper, thereby forming the article of footwear.
  • [0007]
    The method can further include an additional step of inserting an insole into the footwear after the step of forming the midsole. The method can still further include a step of inserting one or both of a reinforced toe plate and a reinforced sole plate into the mold with the outsole and upper, such that the toe plate and the sole plate, when present, are integrated into the upper and midsole, respectively
  • [0008]
    Preferably, a polyurethane shaft is integrally formed with the polyurethane upper as part of said step of forming the polyurethane upper, such that the article of footwear is a boot.
  • [0009]
    Other and further advantages and features of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description thereof, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0010]
    The invention will now be described in more detail, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which like numbers refer to like elements, wherein:
  • [0011]
    FIG. 1 is perspective view of an article of footwear, namely a boot, assembled according to the present invention;
  • [0012]
    FIG. 2 is a right side elevational view of the boot of FIG. 1;
  • [0013]
    FIG. 3 is a left side cross-section view of the boot of FIG. 1 along line 3-3 of FIG. 6;
  • [0014]
    FIG. 3A is a left side cross-section view equivalent to FIG. 3, with the toe cap removed;
  • [0015]
    FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view along line 4-4 of FIG. 2;
  • [0016]
    FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view along line 5-5 of FIG. 2;
  • [0017]
    FIG. 6 is a bottom plan view of the boot of FIG. 1;
  • [0018]
    FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view along line 7-7 of FIG. 2; and,
  • [0019]
    FIG. 8 is a flow chart of the process steps in manufacturing the boot of FIG. 1.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT AND METHOD
  • [0020]
    The inventive method presented herein comprises method of manufacturing an article of footwear 100 having three components as shown in FIG. 1: a) a light weight, abrasion resistant, polyurethane upper portion 400; b) a polyurethane midsole 300, which is preferably injected in a less dense format than the upper 400, to provide better insulation against cold weather conditions and fatigue resistance for the wearer, due to its relatively lighter weight; and, c) a rubber outsole 200, providing the wearer with superior grip and slip resistance in cold weather conditions without compromising weight, comfort, and performance of the article of footwear 100.
  • [0021]
    The article of footwear 100 as shown in FIG. 1 has all three components: i.e., rubber outsole 200, polyurethane midsole 300 and polyurethane upper 400. Where the article of footwear 100 is a boot, as is shown, a fourth element, being a polyurethane shaft 500. optionally extends integrally from the polyurethane upper 400 to surround the user's ankle and calf, depending on the height of the boot. The process, as described herein, is for manufacturing a boot as shown; however, the process can be applied to any other type of injection-molded footwear (e.g. shoes, clogs, covers, etc.).
  • [0022]
    As shown in FIGS. 3 and 3A, the article of footwear 100 can optionally include a toe plate 410 incorporated into the polyurethane upper 400 and/or a sole plate 310 incorporated into the polyurethane midsole 300. The toe plate 410 and sole plate 310, preferably constructed from steel, plastic, or composite materials, can provide piercing, impact and crush protection according to known standards, such as ANSI and CSA, or can merely provide a greater degree of shape and structural integrity to the article of footwear 100.
  • [0023]
    A presently preferred embodiment of the inventive process comprises the following process steps, as depicted in the flowchart of FIG. 8:
  • [0024]
    Starting with a rubber outsole 200, the whole or part of the inside portion of the rubber outsole 200 is huffed and blown clean of any stray or excess rubber chips or other detritus, to produce a clean, buffed surface (step 810).
  • [0025]
    A chemical primer for use with chlorine-based polyurethane adhesives is applied (step 820) to the buffed surface, the buffed surface being the whole of or part of the inside portion of the rubber outsole 200 as discussed above. Application is preferably by brushing; however, other methods as known in the art, such as spraying, can be used. The rubber outsole 200 is then preferably passed through a heating tunnel or chamber at about 50° C. to 55° C. for approximately 2 to 3 minutes to dry the primer.
  • [0026]
    A chlorine-based polyurethane adhesive is then applied (step 830) to the primed area of the rubber outsole 200 by brushing or other methods of application as are known in the art. The outsole then makes a second pass through the heating tunnel or chamber at about 50° C.-55° C. for approximately 3 to 5 minutes to dry the adhesive.
  • [0027]
    A second layer of the polyurethane adhesive is applied in the same manner (step 840) and the rubber outsole 200 then makes a third pass through the heating tunnel or chamber at about 50° C.-55° C. for approximately 1 to 2 minutes to dry the second adhesive layer. The resulting rubber outsole 200, with its two layers of adhesive, is then ready for use in the injection molding process.
  • [0028]
    In separate prior process, the polyurethane upper 400 and polyurethane shaft 500 (where required) of the article of footwear 100 are formed by injection molding with polyurethane foam, resulting in a fully formed polyurethane upper 400 and polyurethane shaft 500 for use in the claimed process of this invention.
  • [0029]
    The rubber outsole 200, with its double layer of adhesive, is then fixed inside a mold (not shown) along with the pre-formed polyurethane upper 400 and polyurethane shaft 500 (step 850). A second injection molding of polyurethane occurs (step 860) to form the polyurethane midsole 300 between the polyurethane upper 400 and the outsole 200 already positioned within the mold. While the injection of polyurethane material in this manner would, in and of itself, provide some degree of bonding of the rubber outsole 200 to the polyurethane upper 400, it would not, by itself, be sufficiently strong bonding to constitute a commercially acceptable product. Rather, and most importantly, the heat from the molten polyurethane material being injected serves to activate the polyurethane adhesive (at about 70 degrees Celsius) previously applied to the rubber outsole 200. thereby significantly strengthening the bond formed between the rubber outsole 200 and the polyurethane midsole 300. In this manner, the rubber outsole 200 is not separable from the polyurethane midsole 300 under normal conditions of use. The article of footwear 100 thus formed is commercially acceptable.
  • [0030]
    Preferably, the midsole 300 is formed from a foamed polyurethane having a density higher than the polyurethane used in forming the shaft 400, in order to provide more support for the foot of the user. Conversely, the foamed polyurethane used in forming the shaft 400 can have a lower density (i.e., more foaming agent used) so as to improve the insulative qualities of the shaft 400, whilst reducing the overall weight of the article of footwear 100. For example, the polyurethane midsole 300 is preferably formed from a foamed polyurethane having a Shore C hardness range of about 56 to 60 (using ASTM D2240), whereas the polyurethane used in the polyurethane shaft 400 preferably has a Shore C hardness range of about 51 to 55 (using ASTM D2240).
  • [0031]
    After the injection molding is completed, the assembled article of footwear 100 is removed from the mold and finished (step 870) by cleaning, labeling, and other steps as known in the art to be prepared for subsequent packaging and shipping for distribution.
  • [0032]
    The finished article of footwear 100 is thus comprised of a rubber outsole 200 bonded to a polyurethane midsole 300 and a polyurethane upper 400, which is itself optionally bonded to, or integrally formed with, a polyurethane shall 500, completing the article of footwear 100 as a boot. The resulting article of footwear 100 combines the cold-weather performance and traction characteristics of rubber on the outsole 200, with the light weight, abrasion resistance and insulative properties of polyurethane in the rest of the article of footwear 100.
  • [0033]
    A removable insole 420, of felt, foamed plastics material or the like, as is known in the art, and shown in cross-section in FIG. 4, can be optionally inserted into the article of footwear 100 to provide additional support and/or comfort for the user's foot, if desired.
  • [0034]
    Additionally, as an optional sub-step of the injection molding process, steel, plastic, or composite material sole and/or toe plates 310 and 410, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 3A, and as are known in the art, can also be inserted into the mold, thereby becoming integrated into the polyurethane midsole 300 and polyurethane upper 400 to provide protection from impact for the wearer as discussed above.
  • [0035]
    While the article of footwear and the method described above have been presented in the context of injection-molded cold-weather boots, the method is equally applicable to any type of injection-molded footwear.
  • [0036]
    This concludes the description of a presently preferred apparatus and method according to the invention. The foregoing description has been presented for the purpose of illustration and is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise form disclosed. It is intended the scope of the invention be limited not by this description but by the claims that follow.

Claims (16)

1. An article of footwear, comprising:
a) a rubber outsole
b) a polyurethane midsole bonded to the rubber outsole by polyurethane (PU) adhesive and by injection molding of the midsole; and
c) a polyurethane upper bonded to the polyurethane midsole by said injection molding of the midsole.
2. The article of footwear according to claim 1, further comprising a polyurethane shaft integrally formed with said upper such that the article of footwear is a boot.
3. The article of footwear according to claim 2, further comprising a removable insole which is insertable into the article of footwear and rests upon said midsole.
4. The article of footwear according to claim 3, further comprising one or both of a reinforced toe plate integrated into the polyurethane upper and a sole plate integrated into the polyurethane midsole.
5. The article of footwear according to claim 1, wherein the polyurethane midsole is formed from polyurethane of a density different from that of polyurethane used to form the polyurethane upper.
6. The article of footwear according to claim 5, wherein the polyurethane midsole is formed from a foamed polyurethane with a density higher than that of the polyurethane used to form the polyurethane upper.
7. A method of manufacturing an article of footwear, comprising:
a) applying a layer of primer to a selected portion of a rubber outsole and allowing said layer of primer to dry;
b) applying a first layer of polyurethane (PU) adhesive over the primed portion of the rubber outsole and allowing said first layer of PU adhesive to dry;
c) applying a second layer of PU adhesive over the dried first layer of PU adhesive and allowing said second layer of PU adhesive to dry;
d) forming, separately, a polyurethane upper by injection molding;
e) setting the rubber outsole and the polyurethane upper in a mold; and,
f) forming, via injection molding, a polyurethane midsole between said polyurethane upper and said rubber outsole, said injection molding bonding the polyurethane upper to the polyurethane midsole and activating said polyurethane adhesive to bond the polyurethane midsole to the rubber outsole, thereby forming the article of footwear.
8. The method of claim 7, further including a step of inserting an insole into the footwear after the step of forming the polyurethane midsole.
9. The method of claim 8 wherein said primer drying step takes place at a temperature from 50° C. to 55° C.
10. The method of claim 9, wherein said PU adhesive drying steps take place at a temperature from 50° C. to 55° C.
11. The method of claim 10, further including inserting a removable insole into the article of footwear after completion of said forming step.
12. The method of claim 7, further including a step of inserting one or both of a reinforced toe plate and reinforced sole plate into the mold with the rubber outsole and polyurethane upper, such that the toe plate and the sole plate, when present, are integrated into the polyurethane upper and the polyurethane midsole, respectively.
13. The method of claim 7, wherein, a polyurethane shaft is formed in addition to the polyurethane upper as part of said step of forming the polyurethane upper, such that the article of footwear is a boot.
14. The method of claim 7, further including a step of cleaning and buffing the rubber outsole prior to said step of applying the layer of primer.
15. The method of claim 7, wherein the polyurethane midsole is formed from polyurethane of a density different from that of polyurethane used to form the polyurethane upper.
16. The method of claim 15, wherein the polyurethane midsole is formed from a foamed polyurethane with a density higher than that of the polyurethane used to form the polyurethane upper.
US12615386 2008-11-12 2009-11-10 Footwear construction and method Abandoned US20100050470A1 (en)

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CA2641977 2008-11-12

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20120302140A1 (en) * 2011-05-25 2012-11-29 Nike, Inc. Sodium Bicarbonate Puck Cleaning and Painting
CN103085217A (en) * 2011-10-27 2013-05-08 余志勇 Manufacturing method of shoes and shoes manufactured by same
WO2013081980A1 (en) * 2011-11-30 2013-06-06 Lacrosse Footwear, Inc. Polyurethane injected boot assembly and associated manufacturing method
US20140137430A1 (en) * 2012-11-14 2014-05-22 David Cherosky Water-proof Protective Shoe Covering
US20140196321A1 (en) * 2013-01-15 2014-07-17 High State Industry Co., Ltd. Waterproof and breathable shoe and method of manufacturing the same

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101214673B1 (en) * 2011-12-27 2013-01-09 메타 비락 Method of manufacturing footwear

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US3098239A (en) * 1961-01-18 1963-07-23 Nader Hugo Otto Max Prosthetic foot
US4186200A (en) * 1976-07-22 1980-01-29 Yamanouchi Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. Novel fused derivatives of 2-pyridones
GB2060350A (en) * 1979-07-19 1981-05-07 Orme Polymer Eng Ltd Safety footwear
US4506395A (en) * 1983-03-18 1985-03-26 Otto Bock Orthopadische Industrie Kg Prosthetic foot
US4748749A (en) * 1986-11-14 1988-06-07 Michael Colvard Walking boot/ski gaiter combination particularly useful for downhill skiing
US5784737A (en) * 1992-08-26 1998-07-28 Yoshitaka Tsuji Folding shoes and process for manufacturing the same
US6568101B1 (en) * 1998-06-03 2003-05-27 Mark C. Jansen Softspike overshoes
US20040020077A1 (en) * 2002-10-25 2004-02-05 Lacrosse Footwear, Inc. Rubber footwear with neoprene layer
US20040163281A1 (en) * 2003-01-17 2004-08-26 Salomon S.A., Inner sole for an article of footwear, and an article of footwear having an inner sole
US20070107257A1 (en) * 2005-11-11 2007-05-17 Columbia Sportswear North America, Inc. Multi-material molded shell for footwear
US7347012B2 (en) * 2005-07-15 2008-03-25 The Timberland Company Shoe with lacing
US7444766B2 (en) * 2004-10-12 2008-11-04 Rocky Brands Wholesale Llc Footwear with enhanced cushioning
US8151484B2 (en) * 2008-03-27 2012-04-10 Baffin Inc. Three-piece footwear

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3098239A (en) * 1961-01-18 1963-07-23 Nader Hugo Otto Max Prosthetic foot
US4186200A (en) * 1976-07-22 1980-01-29 Yamanouchi Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. Novel fused derivatives of 2-pyridones
GB2060350A (en) * 1979-07-19 1981-05-07 Orme Polymer Eng Ltd Safety footwear
US4506395A (en) * 1983-03-18 1985-03-26 Otto Bock Orthopadische Industrie Kg Prosthetic foot
US4748749A (en) * 1986-11-14 1988-06-07 Michael Colvard Walking boot/ski gaiter combination particularly useful for downhill skiing
US5784737A (en) * 1992-08-26 1998-07-28 Yoshitaka Tsuji Folding shoes and process for manufacturing the same
US6568101B1 (en) * 1998-06-03 2003-05-27 Mark C. Jansen Softspike overshoes
US20040020077A1 (en) * 2002-10-25 2004-02-05 Lacrosse Footwear, Inc. Rubber footwear with neoprene layer
US20040163281A1 (en) * 2003-01-17 2004-08-26 Salomon S.A., Inner sole for an article of footwear, and an article of footwear having an inner sole
US7444766B2 (en) * 2004-10-12 2008-11-04 Rocky Brands Wholesale Llc Footwear with enhanced cushioning
US7347012B2 (en) * 2005-07-15 2008-03-25 The Timberland Company Shoe with lacing
US20070107257A1 (en) * 2005-11-11 2007-05-17 Columbia Sportswear North America, Inc. Multi-material molded shell for footwear
US8151484B2 (en) * 2008-03-27 2012-04-10 Baffin Inc. Three-piece footwear

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20120302140A1 (en) * 2011-05-25 2012-11-29 Nike, Inc. Sodium Bicarbonate Puck Cleaning and Painting
US9272391B2 (en) * 2011-05-25 2016-03-01 Nike, Inc. Sodium bicarbonate puck cleaning and painting
CN103085217A (en) * 2011-10-27 2013-05-08 余志勇 Manufacturing method of shoes and shoes manufactured by same
WO2013081980A1 (en) * 2011-11-30 2013-06-06 Lacrosse Footwear, Inc. Polyurethane injected boot assembly and associated manufacturing method
US9642416B2 (en) * 2011-11-30 2017-05-09 LaCrosse Footwear Polyurethane injected boot assembly and associated manufacturing method
US8984776B2 (en) 2011-11-30 2015-03-24 Lacrosse Footwear, Inc. Polyurethane injected boot assembly and associated manufacturing method
US9204685B2 (en) 2011-11-30 2015-12-08 Lacrosse Footwear, Inc. Polyurethane injected boot assembly and associated manufacturing method
US20160192730A1 (en) * 2011-11-30 2016-07-07 Lacrosse Footwear, Inc. Polyurethane injected boot assembly and associated manufacturing method
US20140137430A1 (en) * 2012-11-14 2014-05-22 David Cherosky Water-proof Protective Shoe Covering
US20140196321A1 (en) * 2013-01-15 2014-07-17 High State Industry Co., Ltd. Waterproof and breathable shoe and method of manufacturing the same

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CA2641977A1 (en) 2010-04-26 application
CA2641977C (en) 2012-01-31 grant

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Owner name: BAFFIN INC.,CANADA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:HUBNER, PAUL, MR.;REEL/FRAME:023495/0290

Effective date: 20091106