US20100045601A1 - Interaction with a multi-component display - Google Patents

Interaction with a multi-component display Download PDF

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US20100045601A1
US20100045601A1 US12606728 US60672809A US2010045601A1 US 20100045601 A1 US20100045601 A1 US 20100045601A1 US 12606728 US12606728 US 12606728 US 60672809 A US60672809 A US 60672809A US 2010045601 A1 US2010045601 A1 US 2010045601A1
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display screen
image
user interface
display
system
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Abandoned
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US12606728
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Gabriel Engel
Gareth Paul Bell
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Pure Depth Ltd
IGT Inc
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Pure Depth Ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F19/00Miscellaneous advertising or display means not provided for elsewhere
    • G09F19/12Miscellaneous advertising or display means not provided for elsewhere using special optical effects
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B27/00Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus
    • G02B27/22Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus for producing stereoscopic or other three dimensional effects
    • G02B27/2228Stereoscopes or similar systems based on providing first and second images situated at first and second locations, said images corresponding to parallactically displaced views of the same object, and presenting the first and second images to an observer's left and right eyes respectively
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N13/00Stereoscopic video systems; Multi-view video systems; Details thereof
    • H04N13/30Image reproducers
    • H04N13/388Volumetric displays, i.e. systems where the image is built up from picture elements distributed through a volume
    • H04N13/395Volumetric displays, i.e. systems where the image is built up from picture elements distributed through a volume with depth sampling, i.e. the volume being constructed from a stack or sequence of 2D image planes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N13/00Stereoscopic video systems; Multi-view video systems; Details thereof
    • H04N13/30Image reproducers
    • H04N13/398Synchronisation thereof; Control thereof
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N13/00Stereoscopic video systems; Multi-view video systems; Details thereof
    • H04N13/10Processing, recording or transmission of stereoscopic or multi-view image signals
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N13/00Stereoscopic video systems; Multi-view video systems; Details thereof
    • H04N13/10Processing, recording or transmission of stereoscopic or multi-view image signals
    • H04N13/189Recording image signals; Reproducing recorded image signals
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N13/00Stereoscopic video systems; Multi-view video systems; Details thereof
    • H04N13/10Processing, recording or transmission of stereoscopic or multi-view image signals
    • H04N13/194Transmission of image signals
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N13/00Stereoscopic video systems; Multi-view video systems; Details thereof
    • H04N13/20Image signal generators
    • H04N13/286Image signal generators having separate monoscopic and stereoscopic modes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N13/00Stereoscopic video systems; Multi-view video systems; Details thereof
    • H04N13/30Image reproducers
    • H04N13/332Displays for viewing with the aid of special glasses or head-mounted displays [HMD]
    • H04N13/339Displays for viewing with the aid of special glasses or head-mounted displays [HMD] using spatial multiplexing
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N13/00Stereoscopic video systems; Multi-view video systems; Details thereof
    • H04N13/30Image reproducers
    • H04N13/332Displays for viewing with the aid of special glasses or head-mounted displays [HMD]
    • H04N13/341Displays for viewing with the aid of special glasses or head-mounted displays [HMD] using temporal multiplexing
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N13/00Stereoscopic video systems; Multi-view video systems; Details thereof
    • H04N13/30Image reproducers
    • H04N13/332Displays for viewing with the aid of special glasses or head-mounted displays [HMD]
    • H04N13/344Displays for viewing with the aid of special glasses or head-mounted displays [HMD] with head-mounted left-right displays

Abstract

A system and method for interacting with at least one display screen of a multi-component display is disclosed. A system includes a first display screen operable to display a first image, wherein the first display screen includes a first plurality of pixels. A second display screen is operable to display a second image, wherein the second display screen includes a second plurality of pixels, wherein the second display screen overlaps the first display screen, wherein the second display screen is further operable to display the second image simultaneously with the display of the first image, and wherein a portion of the first image is viewable through the second display screen. A user interface is operable to enable interaction with at least one display screen selected from a group consisting of the first display screen and the second display screen.

Description

    RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • The present application is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/048,638, filed Feb. 1, 2002, naming Gabriel D. Engel and Pita Witehira as inventors, assigned to the assignee of the present invention, and having attorney docket number PURE-P004, which claims the benefit of International Application Number PCT/NZ00/00143, filed Aug. 1, 2000, which claims the benefit of New Zealand Patent Number 336212, filed Aug. 1, 1999. Each of these applications is incorporated herein by reference in their entirety and for all purposes.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Since our eyes naturally perceive depth, it is seen as a disadvantage that most display systems are two dimensional. Furthermore, there are many applications of displays where the realism of depth would improve the effectiveness of the display. Thus many attempts have been made to create display systems with depth.
  • A number of display systems that present an image of depth have been developed.
  • One class of such displays requires the viewer to wear some form of eye shield system by which various means allows the viewer's two eyes to see different images that are concurrently displayed on the same two dimensional screen. However, many users find it unsatisfactory to wear eye shields, while the method of providing two different images on the same screen is cumbersome and inconvenient for many applications.
  • A related but different class of displays presents a different image to each eye by means of a binocular image system in close proximity to both eyes. This method, however, is restricted in the number of viewers who can use the system and again many users find it unsatisfactory and uncomfortable to use.
  • A third class of display uses modifications of the two dimensional screen surface wherein two images are created on the screen, but by manipulation of multiple refractors on the screen, for a viewer in the correct position one image is refracted into the right eye, and the other image is refracted into the left eye.
  • This system requires the users to be carefully placed, is inflexible and has not found favor with many users.
  • The major problems with these systems were overcome by the innovative screen techniques disclosed in PCT Patent Application No's. PCT/NZ98/00098 and PCT/NZ99/00021 which detail a screen system producing a perception of depth comprising at least two screens placed such that their axes are approximately co-linear, with each screen separated from the other in the direction of the normal, wherein an image, or part of an image, displayed on one or more screens can be selectively made transparent, opaque or partially opaque as desired.
  • It has been found however that even with these types of screens there are some applications where the operator needs more control of the images, such as with computer games and other interactive programs—for example training programs.
  • It is an object of the present invention to address the foregoing problems or at least to provide the public with a useful choice.
  • Further aspects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the ensuing description which is given by way of example only.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • According to one aspect of the present invention there is provided an interactive imaging system with depth, including at least two screens configured to show a 3-dimensional image characterized in that a user can manipulate one or more parts of an image displayed, by the means of using one or more on-screen touch control means.
  • It should be understood that in preferred embodiments of the present invention the 3 dimensional composite image, spread over two or more screens, can be interactive with any sort of controls, in particular with “touch” controls on a screen or on a clear panel in front of the front screen.
  • It should be further understood that in preferred embodiments the “touch” control can be activated by a variety of items including, but not limited to, pointers, pens, fingers or pencils.
  • One form of touch control means can be an image of a “button” on the front and/or rear screens which when touched can flip between 2 or more screens to show the information relating to the button, or can perform an operation associated with that button.
  • According to another aspect of the present invention there is provided an interactive imaging system with depth, including at least two screens configured to show a 3-dimensional image characterized in that at least one part of the image, displayed on one or more of the screens, can be manipulated by the actions of the user by using one or more control means.
  • In preferred embodiments of the present invention a user can manipulate one or more parts of an image by using one or more control means located on or near the screens, these control means can be in the form of a standard “keypress” button or a type of joystick control or may even be “touch” controls located on at least one touchpad adjacent to the screen, any of which can be readily purchased “off the shelf.”
  • It would be clear to anyone skilled in the art that these are all “off the shelf” items that are readily available.
  • According to a further aspect of the present invention there is provided an interactive imaging system which creates a perception of depth, including at least two screens configured to show a 3-dimensional image characterized in that at least one part of the image, displayed on one or more of the screens, can be manipulated by the actions of the user by using one or more control means, and the information necessary to generate at least part of an image can be transmitted from or received by the display apparatus via the internet or by another suitable communications means.
  • In preferred embodiments of the present invention there is provided a method of controlling at least part of an image displayed on an interactive imaging system which creates a perception of depth including at least two screens configured to show a 3-dimensional image characterized by the step of manipulating, by the actions of the user, at least one or more parts of an image displayed on the interactive imaging system.
  • In some preferred embodiments of the present invention there is provided a method of controlling at least part of an image displayed on an interactive imaging system which creates a perception of depth including at least two screens configured to show a 3-dimensional image characterized by the step of sending or receiving the information necessary to generate the image on the interactive imaging system via the internet or any other suitable communication means.
  • In preferred embodiments of the present invention the images, or the data corresponding to the images, may be transmitted over the Internet or by other communication means for display at any compatible display unit, or in the absence of a suitable display unit, as one or more separate images simultaneously on a single screen display. The data corresponding to the images may be stored at any compatible remote location for processing or display.
  • Therefore the present invention has huge advantages over the display systems currently available as a far greater amount of data can be displayed on the display system.
  • Generally, data for front and rear images can be obtained and stored separately.
  • Applications where this is appropriate can be in kiosks, games, simulators, training devices and the like.
  • For example, a flight simulator in its simplest form may consist of two screens wherein the front screen may display the cockpit instruments, control settings and generally illustrate the interior of the cockpit, while the rear screen shows the image as seen through the cockpit windscreen—such as other aircraft, sky, cloud, grounds, the runway and so on, therefore giving the operator a sense of true perspective as different maneuvers are simulated.
  • Either conventional instrument displays or “head-up” displays can be simulated with this invention, with the “touch-screen” ability improving the “playability” of these applications.
  • Display kiosks in stores and also for other applications can be configured to show images of products, their use and typically pictorial data for describing, promoting and benefiting from the product on the rear screen, while written or symbolic information about the product can be shown on the front screen.
  • Alternatively, this order may be reversed, combined or arranged as appropriate for the preferred method of presentation.
  • The front screen may also have interactive functions such as touch controls, selectors and the like which allow the viewer to select or control either or all of the display screens.
  • Alternatively the controls may be separate from, but in close proximity to, the screen and still allow the user to manipulate or select separately or simultaneously what is displayed on each screen.
  • Kiosks based on the invention may be used for a variety of advertising and information presentation purposes. For example, a customer may be attracted to the kiosk by the use of attractive 3 dimensional images which can then show advertising in an attractive and unobtrusive manner principally on one screen while other screens at different depths continue to keep the viewers attention. The viewer may be encourage to concentrate on action occurring on one screen while advertising or other messages are unobtrusively shown on parts of another screen, typically the front screen, which may be mostly transparent.
  • This has a significant advantage over prior systems in that far more information can be displayed at any one time, for instance on a two screen system-twice the information is available to the operator than on a single screen system.
  • The use of kiosks based on the invention allows the dissemination of more advertising within the same footprint or floor area, while also enabling the advertising to be made less obtrusive and more acceptable to customers, allowing the advertising to be more effective.
  • In effect the available screen size within the same footprint or floor area is expanded allowing more information to be displayed and in a form where it becomes easier to be absorbed.
  • One huge advantage with the present invention over the systems previously available is that due to having either on-screen touch controls, or controls located adjacent to the screen system, the operator does not need to take their gaze away from the screen area in order to perform a control function.
  • This not only means that their concentration is not broken but also that they will be able to cope with a higher information rate.
  • There are a number of applications which are ideally suited to this aspect, in particular computer gaming where taking your eyes from the screen can affect your performance in an extremely adverse manner.
  • The use of the present invention means that a computer gamer for instance will have a much faster response time to any given situation and less likelihood of missing any on-screen event.
  • This has even further advantages when the image or images are transferred over the internet as the advantages disclosed previously can be applied to on-line applications.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 shows a first perspective representation in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 shows a second perspective representation in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • With reference to FIG. 1 there is illustrated an interactive imaging system with a perception of depth generally indicated by arrow 1. The interactive imaging system 1 is comprised of a number of parallel screens 2 configured in order they give a perception of depth.
  • An image, or part of an image, contained on one or more of the screens 2 can be manipulated by use of the on-screen touch controls 3.
  • It should be appreciated that the on-screen touch controls are of a known off-the-shelf type.
  • The on-screen touch controls 3 can be configured to perform a variety of functions including the switching of the screens to the foreground and the manipulation of part of an image from one screen to another.
  • It is envisaged that in some preferred modes of operation the interactive imaging system 1 will display three dimensional images on the screens 2 that have been transmitted to the interactive imaging system 1 via the internet.
  • With reference to FIG. 2 there is shown an interactive imaging system with a perception of depth where an image, or part of an image, contained on one or more of the screens 2 can be manipulated by use of controls at the side of the screen which work in the same manner as those in FIG. 1.
  • It should also be appreciated that these can be replaced by other controls such as an off-the-shelf type joystick.
  • Aspects of the present invention have been described by way of example only and it should be appreciated that modifications and additions may be made thereto without departing from the scope thereof.

Claims (40)

  1. 1. A system comprising:
    a first display screen operable to display a first image, wherein said first display screen comprises a first plurality of pixels;
    a second display screen operable to display a second image, wherein said second display screen comprises a second plurality of pixels, wherein said second display screen overlaps said first display screen, wherein said second display screen is further operable to display said second image simultaneously with said display of said first image, and wherein a portion of said first image is viewable through said second display screen; and
    a user interface operable to enable interaction with at least one display screen selected from a group consisting of said first display screen and said second display screen.
  2. 2. The system of claim 1, wherein said user interface overlaps a viewable area of at least one display screen selected from a group consisting of said first display screen and said second display screen.
  3. 3. The system of claim 1, wherein said user interface is separate from at least one display screen selected from a group consisting of said first display screen and said second display screen.
  4. 4. The system of claim 1, wherein said user interface is located on a panel overlapping said first display screen and said second display screen.
  5. 5. The system of claim 1, wherein said user interface comprises at least one user interface element.
  6. 6. The system of claim 5, wherein said at least one user interface element is selected from a group consisting of a button and a joystick.
  7. 7. The system of claim 5, wherein said at least one user interface element is mechanically actuated.
  8. 8. The system of claim 5, wherein said user interface comprises a touch-sensitive material, and wherein said at least one user interface element is associated with a portion of said touch-sensitive material.
  9. 9. The system of claim 5, wherein said at least one user interface element is operable to adjust the display of an image selected from a group consisting of said first image and said second image.
  10. 10. The system of claim 5, wherein said at least one user interface element is operable to transition display of portions of images between said first and second display screens.
  11. 10. The system of claim 1, wherein said second image is associated with a user interface element operable to enable a user to interact with said first image displayed on said first display screen.
  12. 11. The system of claim 1, wherein said first image is associated with a user interface element operable to enable a user to interact with said second image displayed on said second display screen.
  13. 12. The system of claim 1, wherein said first and second images represent a single, three-dimensional object.
  14. 13. The system of claim 1, wherein said first image and said second image each represent a different object with a different respective depth.
  15. 14. A method of interacting with a multi-component display, said method comprising:
    displaying a first image on a first display screen of said multi-component display, wherein said first display screen comprises a first plurality of pixels;
    displaying a second image on a second display screen of said multi-component display, wherein said second display screen comprises a second plurality of pixels, wherein said first display screen and said second display screen overlap, wherein said displaying said second image further comprises displaying said second image simultaneously with said displaying said first image, and wherein a portion of said first image is viewable through said second display screen;
    in response to an interaction with a user interface, adjusting a display of an image selected from a group consisting of said first image and said second image.
  16. 15. The method of claim 14, wherein said user interface overlaps a viewable area of at least one display screen selected from a group consisting of said first display screen and said second display screen.
  17. 16. The method of claim 14, wherein said user interface is separate from at least one display screen selected from a group consisting of said first display screen and said second display screen.
  18. 17. The method of claim 14, wherein said user interface is located on a panel overlapping said first display screen and said second display screen.
  19. 18. The method of claim 14, wherein said user interface comprises at least one user interface element.
  20. 19. The method of claim 19, wherein said at least one user interface element is selected from a group consisting of a button and a joystick.
  21. 20. The method of claim 19, wherein said at least one user interface element is mechanically actuated.
  22. 21. The method of claim 19, wherein said user interface comprises a touch-sensitive material, and wherein said at least one user interface element is associated with a portion of said touch-sensitive material.
  23. 23. The method of claim 19, wherein said adjusting said display comprises transitioning display of portions of images between said first display screen and said second display screen responsive to an interaction with said user interface element.
  24. 24. The method of claim 14, wherein said second image is associated with a user interface element, and wherein said adjusting said display further comprises adjusting a display of sad first image responsive to an interaction with said user interface element.
  25. 25. The method of claim 14, wherein said first image is associated with a user interface element, and wherein said adjusting said display further comprises adjusting a display of sad second image responsive to an interaction with said user interface element.
  26. 26. The method of claim 14, wherein said first and second images represent a single, three-dimensional object.
  27. 27. The method of claim 14, wherein said first image and said second image each represent a different object with a different respective depth.
  28. 28. A system comprising:
    means for displaying a first image on a first display screen of said multi-component display, wherein said first display screen comprises a first plurality of pixels;
    means for displaying a second image on a second display screen of said multi-component display, wherein said second display screen comprises a second plurality of pixels, wherein said first display screen and said second display screen overlap, wherein said means for displaying said second image further comprises means for displaying said second image simultaneously with said displaying said first image, and wherein a portion of said first image is viewable through said second display screen;
    means for adjusting, in response to an interaction with a user interface, a display of an image selected from a group consisting of said first image and said second image.
  29. 29. The system of claim 28, wherein said user interface overlaps a viewable area of at least one display screen selected from a group consisting of said first display screen and said second display screen.
  30. 30. The system of claim 28, wherein said user interface is separate from at least one display screen selected from a group consisting of said first display screen and said second display screen.
  31. 31. The system of claim 28, wherein said user interface is located on a panel overlapping said first display screen and said second display screen.
  32. 32. The system of claim 28, wherein said user interface comprises at least one user interface element.
  33. 33. The system of claim 32, wherein said at least one user interface element is selected from a group consisting of a button and a joystick.
  34. 34. The system of claim 32, wherein said at least one user interface element is mechanically actuated.
  35. 35. The system of claim 32, wherein said user interface comprises a touch-sensitive material, and wherein said at least one user interface element is associated with a portion of said touch-sensitive material.
  36. 36. The system of claim 32, wherein said means for adjusting said display comprises means for transitioning display of portions of images between said first display screen and said second display screen responsive to an interaction with said user interface element.
  37. 37. The system of claim 28, wherein said second image is associated with a user interface element, and wherein said means for adjusting said display further comprises means for adjusting a display of sad first image responsive to an interaction with said user interface element.
  38. 38. The system of claim 28, wherein said first image is associated with a user interface element, and wherein said means for adjusting said display further comprises means for adjusting a display of sad second image responsive to an interaction with said user interface element.
  39. 39. The system of claim 28, wherein said first and second images represent a single, three-dimensional object.
  40. 40. The system of claim 28, wherein said first image and said second image each represent a different object with a different respective depth.
US12606728 1999-08-01 2009-10-27 Interaction with a multi-component display Abandoned US20100045601A1 (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NZ33621299 1999-08-01
NZ336212 1999-08-01
PCT/NZ2000/000143 WO2001009664A1 (en) 1999-08-01 2000-08-01 Interactive three dimensional display with layered screens
US4863802 true 2002-02-01 2002-02-01
US12606728 US20100045601A1 (en) 1999-08-01 2009-10-27 Interaction with a multi-component display

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US4863802 Continuation 2002-02-01 2002-02-01

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