US20100037139A1 - Apparatus for Processing Audio and/or Video Data and Method to be run on said Apparatus - Google Patents

Apparatus for Processing Audio and/or Video Data and Method to be run on said Apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
US20100037139A1
US20100037139A1 US12522746 US52274607A US2010037139A1 US 20100037139 A1 US20100037139 A1 US 20100037139A1 US 12522746 US12522746 US 12522746 US 52274607 A US52274607 A US 52274607A US 2010037139 A1 US2010037139 A1 US 2010037139A1
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Prior art keywords
apparatus according
sector
cache
user
information
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Abandoned
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US12522746
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Norbert Loebig
Helmut Richter
Armin Wilke
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Nokia Solutions and Networks GmbH and Co KG
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Nokia Solutions and Networks GmbH and Co KG
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Abstract

An apparatus is provided for processing audio and/or video data comprising a module for displaying an element that has a shape of at least a portion of an analogue clock, wherein a sector associated with the element indicates a duration or a length of the audio and/or video data.

Description

  • The invention relates to an apparatus for processing audio and/or video data and to a method to be run on said apparatus.
  • Multimedia devices such as digital or analog video recorders allow to store a program that is broadcasted via cable or satellite on, e.g., a video cassette or a hard disc, according to specific parameters (e.g. program, start time, stop time, repetition, etc.) set by a user.
  • Such recording function may also be provided by a set top box (STB).
  • Current recording devices allow to freely record a program while a user is watching this particular (or another) program. Hence, the user is able to repeatedly watch a particular scene (or the whole show or movie) or s/he may decide to archive it afterwards.
  • This leads in particular to problems regarding an efficient administration of (partially) recorded material.
  • The problem to be solved is to provide an efficient approach to utilize and/or to administer stored material and to thereby in particular allow an improved and efficient handling of such data to a user.
  • This problem is solved according to the features of the independent claims. Further embodiments result from the depending claims.
  • In order to overcome this problem, an apparatus is provided for processing audio and/or video data comprising:
      • a module for displaying an element that has a shape of at least a portion of an analogue clock;
      • wherein a sector associated with the element indicates a duration or a length of the audio and/or video data.
  • Advantageously, the element displayed allows a user to easily and fast perceive and understand the information displayed, e.g., a duration or length of audio and/or video data recorded and/or a free time or a storage space left for recording purposes.
  • The element and/or sector displayed may be shown in an overlay-technique at a screen on top of a program or video. It can also be displayed in a certain area, in particular in a corner of the screen. The element and/or sector may also be displayed on top of the program, e.g., as a pop-up window.
  • The module utilized for displaying the element and the sector may be a processing unit or computer comprising a video interface for enhancing, e.g., a television program by the element to be displayed. In addition or as an alternative, the element and/or sector may be depicted on a display that is separate from the actual screen showing a television program, video or the like. In such case, the separate display may be part of or added to the apparatus.
  • It is to be noted that several such elements may be shown as well as several such sectors may be visualized per element displayed.
  • In an embodiment, the element displayed comprises at least one absolute time or at least one time indicator.
  • Hence, the element may in particular be a clock associated with an absolute time or with a relative time, e.g., running time of a program, video or show, or time until the recorded session will be over or time associated with free memory storage (time to be recorded), etc.
  • In another embodiment, the element has a disc-like shape or representation.
  • The disc-like representation may be utilized to advantageously show a certain part or portion of a time. It can be further used to zoom into a usual clock-like representation. In addition, the disc-like representation can be used to give the user an impression of or an association with a clock.
  • In a further embodiment, the element has a 2- or 3-dimensional shape.
  • The element, e.g., showing a disc-like shape, can be provided at various angles and/or perspectives, in particular in a 3-dimensional shape from a bird's eye view.
  • In a next embodiment, the element displayed shows an analogue clock.
  • It is also an embodiment that the sector is arranged inside the element.
  • In particular, the sector may indicate a length or a duration of a recording session and/or a length or a duration of stored program material.
  • Pursuant to another embodiment, the apparatus comprises at least one storage medium for storing the audio and/or video data.
  • Such storage medium can be arranged locally with the apparatus. Alternatively or in addition thereto, the storage medium can be provided externally (e.g., as an exchangeable storage such as a memory card, a CDROM, a writeable DVD or a exchangeable hard disc) or within a network environment. Hence, the apparatus may comprise an interface to a network to exchange and/or store/read data to/from the network. Such interface may be an Ethernet interface. The interface may further me wired or wireless.
  • According to an embodiment, the sector indicates space left on a storage medium.
  • According to another embodiment, at least one pointer is displayed that points to the sector or to a position within the sector indicating an actual position within the audio and/or video data.
  • Hence, the pointer efficiently allows the user to recognize the position of the current program within, e.g., the stored program.
  • According to an embodiment, providing visually and interactively communicating the record and/or playback progress and/or other related status information of audio and video program material to a user, comprising
      • a display for displaying a graphic representation in the form of an analogue clock-analogue clock to the user;
      • at least one cache sector, graphically represented in a pie chart format;
      • said cache sector displayed inside said analogue clock-analogue clock indicating the length of a recording session or the length of stored program material;
      • at least one line pointer that points into one of the cache sectors;
      • wherein said line pointer indicates the user visually where her or his position is within the program material.
  • According to a next embodiment, the apparatus comprises
      • at least one time indicator,
      • wherein said time indicator provides in particular a visual time information in a numerical format in conjunction with said at least one line pointer.
  • Pursuant to yet an embodiment, said at least one line pointer is moved anywhere within each of said cache sectors by action of the user.
  • Hence, the user may navigate through the data and the result of a user's action is shown by the moving line pointer.
  • In a different embodiment, the apparatus comprises at least one state indicator displaying a current trick play mode information comprising in particular playback, record, pause, slow/fast play, fast forward speed, slow reverse, fast reverse speed.
  • At least one of said sectors may expand with respect to one of its borders according to the hand movement of said clock symbol when program material is being recorded. In particular, said border of that said at least one cache sector may point in the same direction as the short hand of said clock symbol when the program material is being recorded.
  • According to a further embodiment, a cache sector represents a continuously recorded time interval of program material within a logically assigned cache buffer that is distinguishable from further cache sectors due to attribute information. In particular said attribute information may comprise one of the following: An age rating level, a program channel source information or any other relevant EPG information or user defined or automatically generated bookmark information. As an option, said attribute information may be visualized by appropriate color or other graphical structure of the cache sector and/or by appropriately assigned text information.
  • According to yet another embodiment, a sequence of neighboring cache sectors together represent a continuously recorded time interval of program material within a logically assigned cache buffer with each sector having distinguishable attribute information.
  • Yet an embodiment is directed to the apparatus further comprising
      • at least one thumbnail bar;
      • wherein said thumbnail bar provides a sequence of scene snap shot information or any other bookmark related visual and/or audible information related to the recorded program material;
      • wherein thumbnail highlighting, in particular at least one thumbnail window, is correlated to jumping of said line pointer within one or more than one of said cache segments.
  • It is also an embodiment that thumbnail highlighting is performed according to direct navigation of the user within the thumbnail bar or trick play mode induced movement of said line pointer.
  • As to a further embodiment, more than one overlaying sequence of neighboring cache sectors each recognizable as belonging together are provided representing each a continuously recorded time interval of program material within a logically assigned cache buffer with each sector having distinguishable attribute information. As an option, a continuation of the recording of a program channel when switching to another and the start of recording of a program channel in a logically separate cache buffer is provided in response to user action or automatically on base of user configuration.
  • According to an embodiment, means are provided for displaying recording and play back relevant device resources as overlay to the cache sector information. In particular, information may be provided regarding available free storage resources comprising hard disk drives as well as any other accessible and configured storage medium. As another option, an absolute rest of free storage medium or the free storage medium in proportion to the complete storage medium size may be displayed as sector or ring type overlays of said analogue clock.
  • In a next embodiment, graphic representation of said analogue clock is automatically reduced to a portion of the analogue clock, in the case that cache sectors do not cover left-out analogue clock parts.
  • According to an embodiment, details of cache sector contents and attribute information are provided by zoom functionality, whereby a portion of the analogue clock is exploded. As an option, a zoom functionality may be provided on request of the user.
  • As to a next embodiment, movement of the line pointer into a cache segment together with appropriate control actions allows the user to copy the recording of selected cache sector to be stored permanently, that is outside storage area reserved for cache sectors. As an option, marking of copied cache sectors as having been stored permanently including selected name representation may be supported. In particular, a functionality for visualization of needed free storage in advance of copy to permanent storage may be provided.
  • According to yet an embodiment, analogue clock, cache sectors and related information as described above is displayed for a predetermined time period.
  • As a further embodiment, interfaces and functionality of a Set Top Box connected to a TV are provided in particular to allow access to program material via satellite, cable network or IP network.
  • It is also an embodiment that interfaces and functionality of a TV set are provided that allow access to program material via satellite, cable network or IP network.
  • The problem stated supra is also solved by a method to be run on an apparatus as described herein.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • Embodiments of the invention are shown and illustrated in the following figures:
  • FIG. 1 shows an element displayed preferably on a screen of a video device comprising a sector that indicates a duration or length of audio and/or video data;
  • FIG. 2 shows a displayed element visualizing a buffer with a predefined size, wherein the buffer limit has been reached during recording of a program;
  • FIG. 3 shows a displayed element depicting a trick play activity in particular visualized by a time pointer;
  • FIG. 4 shows a displayed element depicting a buffer size for recording that has reached its upper limit;
  • FIG. 5 shows a displayed element depicting an age rating feature;
  • FIG. 6 shows a displayed element depicting a ring and a cake chart showing in particular remaining free disk space;
  • FIG. 7 shows a displayed element depicting an example according to which a local disk space has decreased below 12 hours time of recording and/or buffering;
  • FIG. 8 shows a displayed element comprising a thumbnail bar with thumbnails indicating entry points to the recorded and/or buffered program;
  • FIG. 9 shows a displayed element comprising a thumbnail bar with thumbnails visualizing navigation possibilities through the stored program;
  • FIG. 10 shows a displayed element comprising a thumbnail bar with thumbnails visualizing further possibilities for navigation;
  • FIG. 11 shows a displayed element comprising zoom-in functionality to visualize a portion of the displayed element in greater detail;
  • FIG. 12 shows a displayed element comprising an alternative zoom-in functionality to visualize a portion of the displayed element in greater detail;
  • FIG. 13 shows a displayed element comprising a buffering functionality for more than one channel;
  • FIG. 14 shows a displayed element comprising several buffers to depict a buffering functionality for more than one channel;
  • FIG. 15 shows an apparatus for processing audio and/or video data.
  • Based on appropriate user equipment such as Set Top Boxes (STB) and Personal Video Recorders (PVR) connected to a TV or PCs acting as recording, playback and output devices, an interactive user control of continuously performed recordings can be achieved. User control is improved in particular by providing advanced user friendly visualization capabilities.
  • Such visualization means may in particular comprise at least one of the following information for interactive user control in multimedia applications:
      • a current time;
      • a buffer (i.e. recording) start time;
      • a used buffer (e.g., occupied disc memory configured as recording buffer) size of recording;
      • a maximum buffer size reached;
      • a playback position within the recording;
      • a trick play mode and/or a speed (e.g., forward, rewind speed);
      • automatically set or user defined bookmarks;
      • for contents with age rating, a rating may be displayed in a current capture buffer;
      • a remaining hard disk space for capturing (space left for recording/capturing);
      • a display of buffer content using thumbnails, e.g., at scene changes or somehow defined highlight related content parts;
      • a souce identification (e.g., TV channel) and a program identification (e.g., program name) for supporting user features (e.g., channel zapping and permanent storage support);
      • a zoom-in feature for visualizing a buffer in greater detail as well as for efficiently utilizing the space available on a TV screen;
  • The graph can be displayed as an overlay on the active or on any other screen. Such overlay may be transparent or intransparent. The overlay can be provided as or similar to a pop-up window.
  • Graphical Layout
  • A graph uses an analog clock image which informs the user about the current time and the currently used buffer size, i.e. the already for intermediate storage occupied part of a total buffer. Such buffer may have been preconfigured.
  • The used part of the buffer is represented as a sector of a circle. When buffering is activated, a colored sector whose right edge sticks to the short hand of the analog clock is opened and defines the moving end mark of the buffer. As long as the maximum administrable buffer size is not reached, the left edge of the buffer sector sticks on the short hand position of the clock at the time when capturing was started. If the full buffer time, i.e. the complete configured buffer has been used up, the buffer sector changes its color and/or hatching and the left edge of the sector begins to follow the short hand of the clock within a constant distance.
  • Updates of the graph are possible at any time interval, e.g., similar to an analog clock (e.g. every minute or less) or—according to a user's perception—continuously.
  • Trick Play Mode
  • A trick play mode is entered, e.g., in advance of a regular playback of content recorded to the buffer.
  • Entering trick play mode may advantageously activate a slider that moves with the buffer sector. The slider depicts the current time within the buffered/recorded content. When the slider reaches the left angle of the time sector, which represents the beginning of the buffered/recorded multimedia stream, this may result in resuming normal playback.
  • When reaching the right angle of the time sector, this may result in jumping to live TV in case of time-shifted TV.
  • The current trick play mode (e.g. rewind, forward, pause) may advantageously be indicated by a symbol according to the corresponding command, e.g., by a key of the remote control and may be extended by the applied trick play speed.
  • Analog clocks with less or more than 12 hours display capability (e.g., 24 hours) may also be used for disk space and/or non-disk space related embodiments according to the approach presented herewith.
  • Age Rating
  • Trick play mode may also consider an age rating status. Hence, partial sectors with content of different age rating may not be visualized or simply omitted if a user watching is not admitted to such age rating level.
  • Attempting playback of parts with higher age rating (as actually permitted) may lead to an access control (e.g., via PIN request). After successful access verification the time shift buffer will be displayed as having sectors with, e.g., different color and/or hatching and/or with an icon as representation of different age rating of the assigned recorded content in the Time Shift Buffer.
  • Alternatively, buffered content with a higher rating may be automatically skipped during playback operation without explicitly requesting access verification. In such case, the visualization of the Time Shift Buffer will consider only recorded portions appropriate to the currently admissible rating level of the user (i.e., non-appropriate parts of the record will be concealed.)
  • Free Disk Space
  • An integrated indication of the remaining free disk space (e.g., in hours or gigabytes or percentage of usage/free space) outside the Time Shift Buffer can be provided in various ways.
  • A rough indication may be given in form of, e.g., a colored ring around the analog clock-like representation thereby indicating a storage capacity that is larger than 12 hours. A disc capacity representing less than 12 hours can be displayed as a partial ring decreasing counter-clockwise with, e.g., a different and/or a changing color (e.g., by increasing a saturation of a particular color, e.g., red).
  • The free disk space can be displayed as proportional sized sector of the clock symbol. This however, is in particular useful unless the memory (disk space) is not almost completely occupied.
  • Bookmarks and Thumbnails
  • User defined bookmarks or automatically generated bookmarks (e.g., via scene change detection or automatic highlight detection techniques) can be visualized by additional indicators that may be included and/or represented in a time-adequate manner.
  • Optionally, thumbnail information of beginning scenes or other highlighted visual content (e.g., a picture of the related scene) may be provided to support convenient selection possibilities to the user.
  • Content Indication
  • In case of a channel change, the Time Shift Buffer may contain parts from different channels or parts background recorded from channels not conveyed to the output device of the user.
  • In addition, identification information provided by an electronic programming guide (EPG) or by any other source (e.g., the Internet) may be utilized.
  • Further, multiple buffering (in parallel) may be supported and integrally visualized. For enhanced user convenience purposes, source channel and program title can be recorded together with the program data, thus enabling precise identification and visualization of the content of the recorded sectors in the time shift buffer.
  • With assigned indication the user will in particular be able to selectively address and delete part of the time shift buffer as well as to copy recorded parts out of the Time Shift Buffer to the permanent disk storage taking advantage of easy handling and immediate visualization of assigned changes of free disk space.
  • Screen Space Consumption
  • On user request a zoom-in functionality can be provided thereby showing detailed information of the contents recorded in the Time Shift Buffer as described above.
  • Such visualization is advantageously provided in a transparent way (overlay technique on top of the current video picture) and it may occupy a large part of the TV screen as long as it is required for administrating purposes.
  • If no such detailed information and view is required, a screen space occupation will be reduced, e.g., showing a partial clock (e.g. 90 or 180 degrees sector of the clock), preferably positioned in appropriate edges of the screen.
  • FURTHER DETAILS ON THE EMBODIMENTS
  • FIG. 1 shows an element displayed on a screen of a video device comprising several items used in the time shift buffer usage visualization, in particular:
  • Time sector frame 102: Provides the intuitive base for buffer usage and current time in form of the shape of an analog clock 101;
  • Hour Ticks 103: Provide a rough scale for time orientation purposes;
  • Half-Hour Ticks 104: An option to give a more precise overview on buffer size used;
  • Line Pointer 105: Feedback pointer for a current position in the recording buffer during trick play activity with additional information regarding the time within the buffer sector;
  • Time Sector 106: A clockwise growing sector visualizing the used buffer for time shift TV recording; a sector between two Hour Ticks describes a buffer size of one hour;
  • TSTV Buffer Start Time 107: Indicates the beginning time of the TSTV recording, in particular an actual time when the channel was tuned;
  • State Indicator 108: It gives a graphical representation of the current state of the device, e.g., Pause, Play, Fast Forward (FFW), Rewind (REW), “Set Bookmark”, “Jump to Bookmark”, FFW speed, REW speed, Slow Motion etc.
  • Time Indicator 109: It provides a visual feedback to the user about the time of the displayed time shifted stream in relation to live broadcast. The display format of the time indicator may be [hh:mm] or [hh:mm:ss]. In the example of FIG. 1, the Time Indicator 109 shows the time the channel was paused (see State Indicator 108 visualizing the “Pause” symbol).
  • Day Time Indicator: It identifies the live time (short hand of the clock).
  • Functional Description:
  • Without activation of time shift TV (TSTV) the graph shows the analog clock 101 with the current time. The clock is updated in regular time intervals (e.g., every minute). TSTV can be permanently active or may be started by, e.g., tuning into a channel, by Pause and/or by Stop live TV.
  • Starting of TSTV causes a time sector 106 to open—at the very beginning a single line indicating the left edge of a growing sector—within the clock as shown in FIG. 1. The starting edge/line is in parallel to the short hand of the clock and will remain in that position until the buffer has reached the administrable maximum buffer size. During the running buffering the right edge of the sector follows the short hand until buffering is stopped.
  • When buffering exceeds the maximum buffer size the color/hatching of the sector changes and the previously fixed left edge of the sector starts to follow the right edge of the sector with then constant distance (see FIG. 2).
  • Together with the buffer sector the Line Pointer 105 will be shown. The default position of the Line Pointer 105 is the current time (short hand) and it follows the live TV play. The Line Pointer 105 is used to display the position within the buffer sector during trick play activities. That means starting a fast rewind session will cause the Line Pointer 105 to move from the short hand (backwards) into the buffer sector. While moving, the screen background may preferably show the backward moving content similar as to what is perceived when applying backward winding with VCR and DVD players.
  • All trick play commands can be displayed as State Indicators 108, e.g., in the left upper corner of the overlay screen.
  • The Time Indicator 109 provides feedback to the user about the time of the displayed time-shifted stream from the hard-disk drive in relation to the live broadcast. The Time Indicator 109 is stuck to the upper end of the Line Pointer 105 and slides together with the Line Pointer 105 clockwise or counter-clockwise according the current trick play mode.
  • FIG. 2 shows that an administered maximum TSTV buffer size 201 has been reached. The sector 202 has reached its maximum width. With ongoing recording, this fixed size sector 202 follows the short hand of the clock and informs about the latest possible time for reviewing the buffer. The left edge of the sector defines the latest entry in the buffer. The right edge is equal to the current time.
  • FIG. 3 depicts a trick play activity with the Line Pointer 105 moving within the boundaries of the buffer sector. The recording buffer has not yet reached its maximum administrable buffer size. The current trick play mode (State Indicator 108) is displayed in the e.g. upper left corner of the figure.
  • The time indicator may in some cases show a different 12 hour clock notation as the one correlated with the live time. For example, if the TSTV buffer starts at 11:30 a.m. and extends into the p.m. area, e.g., 12:30 p.m.
  • FIG. 4 shows a buffer sector 401, which has reached its maximum size and the left edge of the buffer sector is following the right one with a fixed distance of two hours.
  • The indication for reaching the maximum buffer size is, e.g., the changed color/hatching within the buffer sector.
  • When no trick play mode is active, the Line Pointer remains on its last position except for the case when the left edge of the moving sector reaches the line pointer. In such case the line pointer sticks on the left edge of the sector and follows it.
  • FIG. 5 describes the scenario according to which data of a higher age rating as the one actually configured is accessed.
  • This action will initiate an access control mechanism (e.g., via a PIN request). Alternatively, content of higher age rating may be skipped manually or automatically during playback without explicit access verification request. Content with higher age rating as actually configured can be displayed with different color and/or hatching within the time sector and/or an icon 501 on an appropriate location within the overlay screen. Content of higher age rating than configured can be completely concealed or—as an option—it may be depicted as additional sector(s).
  • FIG. 6 shows an extension: The remaining local disc space which allows more than 12 hours of recording and/or buffering time is indicated by a closed colored ring 601. The remaining free disc space can be displayed as additional information 602 in the overlay screen in terms of time (hh:mm:ss) or disk size, e.g., in gigabytes. The cake chart 603 displaying the remaining total disk size decreases counter-clockwise with every new record and/or buffer entry that consumes disk space.
  • The ring 701 of FIG. 7 indicates that the remaining local disc space for buffering has decreased to less than 12 hours (in this example to about 10 hours). With ongoing time and active recording the ring will open more and more counter clockwise indicating the decreasing local disc space.
  • With administrable thresholds set (e.g., remaining hours of disc space) the ring color may change to intensify the visualization of running out of local disk space. In particular as of the limited sector size (total disk space remaining) the numerical field visualizing a figure of free disc space may disappear, but this information can then be shown in greater detail by the decreasing colored disk space ring 701.
  • Optionally, disk space for recording and disk space for buffering can be configured logically as separate areas of a disk. However, both can also utilize the same disk space and still be logically separated. Alternatively, disk space for buffering and or recording can be logically administered and physically distributed among several different actual physical storage media.
  • FIG. 8 shows an extension for a convenient search and access method in/to the buffer sector.
  • During buffering the buffer content may be scanned for, e.g., changes within scenes. For a change of scene found, the first image of the new scene can be used as a still image utilized to build up a thumbnail bar 801 on the screen (said bar can be located, e.g., on top or at the bottom of the screen).
  • Bookmarks can be set by the user and may also be inserted as thumbnails 802 into the thumbnail bar 801. In addition or as an alternative, a beginning of a new show can be inserted with a still image to the thumbnail bar 801.
  • Thumbnail arrow indicators 803, 804 on both sides of the thumbnail bar 801 point to further thumbnails that are currently not shown on the screen.
  • A thumbnail window 805 is used for highlighting a specific thumbnail (e.g., by yellow border around the actual thumbnail) can be moved along the thumbnail bar 801 for selecting a thumbnail and upon such selection, playback will directly continue with the buffered content starting with the thumbnail selected.
  • Displaying the thumbnail bar 801 may be set up via configuration setting or on demand (e.g., via starting trick play mode, setting bookmarks manually, special button on the overlay screen, hotkeys on the remote control).
  • FIG. 9 shows the situation when the end of the buffer (in this case: current time equals the time of live TV streaming) is reached. The right thumbnail arrow indicator has disappeared.
  • Selecting a thumbnail via the thumbnail window causes an update of the Time Indicator 109 position within the buffer sector in order to display the appropriate time in the buffer. The digital time indicator is also updated consistently.
  • Moving the thumbnail window to the left means moving backward in the buffer sector. Moving the thumbnail window to the right corresponds to a fast forward movement towards live TV.
  • According to FIG. 10, thumbnails can represent the beginning of a show, a bookmark or a scene change or any other indication. When moving through the sequence of thumbnails the picture shown in the background of the TV screen is the first frame of the show/program or the frame indicated by a bookmark or scene mark.
  • FIG. 11 depicts a zooming feature into the buffer sector in order to allow a more detailed screen 1101 per program contained in the buffer.
  • The detailed description may comprise EPG data, program title, encoding parameters (e.g., Dolby, wide screen, etc.), short program summary or any subset of other related information in particular available depending on the available screen space.
  • For example, the user switches to the detailed screen 1101 using an operator defined hotkey, by selecting an onscreen button or a dedicated key on the remote control.
  • Addressing the different buffer sections can be done via trick play operations or via thumbnail selection. The current position within the buffer being indicated by the Line Pointer 105.
  • FIG. 12 depicts the zooming feature in case the buffer is within a quarter of the clock circle. It shows an alternative way for zooming into a buffer sector with less than 3 hours of buffered content.
  • FIG. 13 displays the buffering of more than one channel.
  • Various channels that are recorded during changing of or zapping between the channels can be identified, e.g., via dedicated colors/hatching and naming (e.g., channel number and/or channel name).
  • According to FIG. 13, a sector 1301 depicts a buffered show x of channel a, a sector 1302 depicts a buffered show y of channel b and a sector 1303 depicts a buffered show z of channel b. A change of channel has occurred at a time t1 between channel a and channel b.
  • The user wants to store the part of show y starting at time t1 and ending at a time t2, which corresponds to the end of the show y.
  • The system is capable of detecting the beginning and the end of programs/shows automatically based on EPG or other information that may in particular be accessible in real time via the Internet. In order to initiate the copy process for the targeted program from the buffer to the permanent disk storage area the user may, e.g., rewind the Line Pointer 105 into the buffered recording area and press the record button on the remote control. By doing so the system automatically identifies the related buffer sector (of channel b, show y) and assigns an automatically generated or user selected file name to the copied content. Thereupon, the user has a record added to the set of his permanent recordings (content library). As an option, an icon can be displayed in the copied buffer sector.
  • According to FIG. 14, the first record (channel a, show x) has been started and will continue recording while the user is changing to another program channel (channel b).
  • At three o'clock the user has started viewing channel b, show z. Due to the existence of two time shift buffers the system is able to record channel a and channel b in parallel. The fact of parallel recording in multiple buffers is visualized via more than one sector diagrams within one time sector frame. As described above, the user is still able to move the line pointer by appropriate trick play operations (e.g. line pointer move to 4:00 pm).
  • According to this embodiment there is one Line Pointer 105 for both buffers. This means, if the user is watching channel b, enters trick mode and moves the Line Pointer 105 back, channel change to channel a leads to live TV output of channel a and the Line Pointer 105 moves to the current time. Subsequent change to channel b leads to a repositioning of the Line Pointer 105 to the current time.
  • According to another embodiment there can be two dedicated line pointers for channel a and channel b. Thus channel change will not lead to repositioning to current time. The positions of the line pointers will be saved per channel if the user changes the channel.
  • In case of zapping and if several buffers (for various channels) are available, immediate buffering can be provided. However, buffered content can be deleted immediately after changing to another channel within a configurable time. Thus, the multiple time shift buffers will be used economically avoiding the creation of very short buffer sectors that may be of no further interest to the user. While remaining for an administrable period of time in another channel a further buffer sector will be accessible to the user.
  • Alternatively, when changing to another channel buffering may start after a configurable time period without further channel changes.
  • In case of multiple buffer support the assignment between program channel and buffer may be controlled manually by the user or automatically by the system.
  • FIG. 15 shows an apparatus for processing audio and/or video data.
  • The apparatus 1501 may be realized as a set top box or as a separate component to be connected to a TV device. It may further be integrated within a TV device.
  • The apparatus 1501 shows a module 1502 comprising a Processor Unit as well as a Video Processing Unit. This module 1502 administers all kind of digital/analog processing required regarding incoming and outgoing signals. Preferably, the module 1502 is connected to a Module for Displaying 1503, to an Internal Storage 1507, to an External Storage 1508 and to an I/O Device 1506 via a bus.
  • The I/O Device 1506 may be connected to a remote control or any kind of keyboard that provides signals via a wireless or via a wired interface. The I/O Device 1506 can also be realized as an interface to which a remote control and/or a keyboard can be connected. The I/O Device 1506 is preferably utilized for inputting data into the apparatus 1501, in particular for configuration, set up and/or programming purposes.
  • The Internal Storage 1507 as well as the External Storage 1508 may each comprise at least one storage medium, e.g., a random access memory (RAM), a hard disk drive, a memory card or the like. Preferably, the Internal Storage 1507 is realized as RAM and/or as a hard disk drive for buffering purposes whereas the Exchangeable Storage 1508 is realized as exchangeable hard disk drive for storing programs, e.g., for archiving purposes.
  • The Module for Displaying 1503 may comprise in particular a display driver for an internal Display 1504 as well as for a TV/Video Screen 1505. This TV/Video Screen 1505 is utilized for watching television or video that may in particular be provided via a TV or Video Signal 15 10. In this embodiment according to FIG. 15, the TV or Video Signal 1510 is conveyed via the Video Processing 1502 towards the TV/Video Screen 1505. This is an option if processing of the TV or Video Signal 1510 is required (e.g., decryption, signal processing or the like).
  • However, the TV or Video Signal 1510 may also be conveyed directly to the TV/Video Screen 1505 (indicated by the dashed line).
  • The Module for Displaying 1503 provides signals that can preferably be put on top of the actual TV or Video Signal 1510 and may provide information as described herein.
  • In addition or as an alternative, the Module for Displaying 1503 may provide information to be shown on the Display 1504, wherein said Display 1504 can be provided with or attached to the apparatus 1501. This Display 1504 may be an option, but it can also be provided in addition to the signals depicted on the TV/Video Screen 1505. In particular, the Module for Displaying 1503 may distribute information to be depicted among the Display 1504 and the TV/Video Screen 1505 to advantageously provide the user with current information, but limiting the disturbance caused by an overlay picture displayed on top of an actual program.
  • The TV or Video Signal 1510 can be provided via cable, satellite dish or network. Broadcasted TV programs may be received as well as video on demand.
  • In addition, the Processor Unit 1502 can be connected to a Network 1509 to obtain in particular information relating to actual television programs (e.g., via EPG) or other useful information to be provided/displayed to the user. Further, the network access can be utilized for obtaining TV and/or video programs and/or for storing audio and/or video information on the network. In this case, the Network 1509 may also be utilized as an external storage medium.
  • The Processor Unit 1502 may in particular access said Network 1509 via a wireless or via a wired interface.

Claims (38)

  1. 1. An apparatus for processing audio and/or video data comprising:
    a module for displaying an element that has a shape of at least a portion of an analogue clock;
    wherein a sector associated with the element indicates a duration or a length of the audio and/or video data;
    wherein the apparatus comprises at least one storage medium for storing the audio and/or video data; and
    wherein the sector indicates space left on a storage medium.
  2. 2. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:
    the element displayed comprises at least one absolute time or at least one time indicator.
  3. 3. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:
    the element has a disc-like representation.
  4. 4. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:
    the element has a 2- or 3-dimensional shape.
  5. 5. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:
    the element displayed shows an analogue clock.
  6. 6. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:
    the sector is arranged inside the element.
  7. 7. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:
    the sector indicates a length or a duration of a recording session and/or a length or a duration of stored program material.
  8. 8. The apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising:
    at least one pointer that points to the sector or to a position within the sector indicating an actual position within the audio and/or video data.
  9. 9. The apparatus according to claim 1, said apparatus adapted for visually and interactively communicating the record and/or playback progress and/or other related status information of audio and video program material to a user, said apparatus comprising:
    a display for displaying a graphic representation in the form of an analogue clock-analogue clock to the user;
    a first cache sector from a plurality of cache sectors, said first cache sector graphically represented in a pie chart format;
    said first cache sector displayed inside said analogue clock-analogue clock indicating the length of a recording session or the length of stored program material; and
    at least one line pointer that points into one of the plurality of cache sectors;
    wherein said line pointer indicates to the user visually where her or his position is within the program material.
  10. 10. The apparatus according to claim 9, further comprising:
    at least one time indicator,
    wherein said time indicator provides a visual time information in a numerical format in conjunction with said at least one line pointer.
  11. 11. The apparatus according to claim 9, wherein:
    said at least one line pointer is adapted to be moved anywhere within each of said cache sectors by action of the user.
  12. 12. The apparatus according to claim 9, further comprising:
    at least one state indicator displaying a current trick play mode information comprising playback, record, pause, slow/fast play, fast forward speed, slow reverse, and fast reverse speed.
  13. 13. The apparatus according to claim 12, wherein:
    at least one of said plurality of cache sectors expands with respect to one of its borders according to the hand movement of said clock symbol when program material is being recorded.
  14. 14. The apparatus according to claim 13, wherein:
    said border of said at least one of said plurality of cache sectors points in the same direction as the short hand of said clock symbol when the program material is being recorded.
  15. 15. The apparatus according to claim 9, wherein:
    a second cache sector from said plurality of cache sectors represents a continuously recorded time interval of program material within a logically assigned cache buffer that is distinguishable from further cache sectors due to attribute information.
  16. 16. The apparatus according to claim 15, wherein:
    said attribute information comprises one of the following consisting of an age rating level, program channel source information, and any other relevant EPG information or user defined or automatically generated bookmark information.
  17. 17. The apparatus according to claim 16, wherein:
    said attribute information is visualized by appropriate color or other graphical structure of a corresponding cache sector and/or by appropriately assigned text information.
  18. 18. The apparatus according to claim 9, wherein:
    a sequence of neighboring cache sectors together represent a continuously recorded time interval of program material within a logically assigned cache buffer with each cache sector having distinguishable attribute information.
  19. 19. The apparatus according to claim 9, further comprising:
    at least one thumbnail bar;
    wherein said thumbnail bar provides a sequence of scene snap shot information or any other bookmark related visual and/or audible information related to the recorded program material;
    wherein thumbnail highlighting, in particular at least one thumbnail window, is correlated to jumping of said line pointer within one or more than one of said plurality of cache sectors.
  20. 20. The apparatus according to claim 19, wherein:
    said apparatus is adapted to provide thumbnail highlighting according to direct navigation of the user within the thumbnail bar or trick play mode via induced movement of said line pointer.
  21. 21. The apparatus according to claim 9, wherein:
    more than one overlaying sequence of neighboring cache sectors each recognizable as belonging together are provided representing each a continuously recorded time interval of program material within a logically assigned cache buffer with each cache sector having distinguishable attribute information.
  22. 22. The apparatus according to claim 21, wherein:
    a continuation of the recording of a program channel when switching to another and the start of recording of a program channel in a logically separate cache buffer is provided in response to user action or automatically on base of user configuration.
  23. 23. The apparatus according to claim 9, further comprising:
    means for displaying recording and play back relevant device resources as overlay to the cache sector information.
  24. 24. The apparatus according to claim 23, wherein:
    said apparatus is adapted for providing information on available free storage resources comprising hard disk drives as well as any other accessible and configured storage medium.
  25. 25. The apparatus according to claim 24, wherein:
    an absolute rest of free storage medium or the free storage medium in proportion to the complete storage medium size are represented graphically as sector or ring type overlays of said analogue clock.
  26. 26. The apparatus according to claim 9, wherein:
    graphic representation of said analogue clock is automatically reduced to a portion of the analogue clock, in the case that cache sectors do not cover left-out analogue clock parts.
  27. 27. The apparatus according to claim 9, wherein:
    details of cache sector contents and attribute information are provided by zoom functionality, whereby a portion of the analogue clock is exploded.
  28. 28. The apparatus according to claim 27, wherein:
    a zoom functionality is provided on request of the user.
  29. 29. The apparatus according to 9, wherein:
    movement of the line pointer into a selected cache sector together with appropriate control actions allows the user to copy the recording of said selected cache sector to be stored permanently, that is outside storage area reserved for said plurality of cache sectors.
  30. 30. The apparatus according to claim 29, wherein:
    said apparatus is adapted for supporting marking of copied cache sectors as having been stored permanently including selected name representation.
  31. 31. The apparatus according to claim 29, wherein:
    said apparatus is adapted for visualization of needed free storage in advance of copy to permanent storage.
  32. 32. The apparatus according to claim 9, wherein:
    said analogue clock, said cache sectors, and said related information is displayed for a predetermined time period.
  33. 33. The apparatus according to claim 9, further comprising:
    interfaces and functionality of a Set Top Box connected to a TV to provide access to program material via satellite, cable network, or IP network.
  34. 34. The apparatus according to claim 9, further comprising:
    interfaces and functionality of a TV set providing access to program material via satellite, cable network or IP network.
  35. 35. A method that performs the apparatus according to claim 9.
  36. 36. A method that is run on the apparatus according to claim 1.
  37. 37. A method for processing audio and/or video data comprising
    displaying on a display an element that has a shape of at least a portion of an analogue clock, wherein:
    a sector associated with the element indicates a duration or a length of the audio and/or video data;
    the apparatus comprises at least one storage medium for storing the audio and/or video data; and
    the sector indicates space left on a storage medium.
  38. 38. A method for visually and interactively communicating a record and/or playback progress and/or other related status information of audio and video program material to a user comprising:
    displaying on a display a graphic representation in the form of an analogue clock-analogue clock to a user, wherein:
    a first cache sector from a plurality of cache sectors is graphically represented in a pie chart format;
    said first cache sector is displayed inside said analogue clock-analogue clock and indicates the length of a recording session or the length of stored program material; and
    at least one line pointer points into one of the plurality of cache sectors; and
    said line pointer indicates to the user visually where her or his position is within the program material.
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US20100175088A1 (en) 2010-07-08 application
WO2008083867A1 (en) 2008-07-17 application

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