US20100023052A1 - Staple for use in surgical procedures - Google Patents

Staple for use in surgical procedures Download PDF

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Publication number
US20100023052A1
US20100023052A1 US12/486,819 US48681909A US2010023052A1 US 20100023052 A1 US20100023052 A1 US 20100023052A1 US 48681909 A US48681909 A US 48681909A US 2010023052 A1 US2010023052 A1 US 2010023052A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
staple
backspan
leg
recited
tissue
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
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US12/486,819
Inventor
Russell Heinrich
Robert J. DeSantis
Richard D. Gresham
Kenneth M. Blier
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Covidien LP
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Covidien LP
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Publication date
Priority to US8285208P priority Critical
Application filed by Covidien LP filed Critical Covidien LP
Priority to US12/486,819 priority patent/US20100023052A1/en
Assigned to TYCO HEALTHCARE GROUP LP reassignment TYCO HEALTHCARE GROUP LP ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: HEINRIH, RUSSELL, GRESHAM, RICHARD D., DESANTIS, ROBERT J., BLIER, KENNETH M.
Publication of US20100023052A1 publication Critical patent/US20100023052A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/064Surgical staples, i.e. penetrating the tissue
    • A61B17/0644Surgical staples, i.e. penetrating the tissue penetrating the tissue, deformable to closed position
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/064Surgical staples, i.e. penetrating the tissue
    • A61B17/0643Surgical staples, i.e. penetrating the tissue with separate closing member, e.g. for interlocking with staple
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B2017/00831Material properties
    • A61B2017/00867Material properties shape memory effect
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0401Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors
    • A61B2017/0406Pledgets

Abstract

A staple having a backspan and a first and second leg extending distally from the backspan. Each of the first and second legs includes a bend zone dividing each leg into a traversing leg portion and a linear clenching leg portion. When formed through tissue, each of the clenching leg portions of the first and second legs are formed substantially parallel to the backspan. A staple assembly is also provided including a substantially box staple having a backspan and a first and a second leg extending distally from the backspan. The staple assembly includes a staple plate positionable over the first and second legs.

Description

  • This application claims priority to provisional application No. 61/082,852, file Jul. 23, 2008, the entire contents of which are incorporated herein by reference.
  • BACKGROUND
  • 1. Technical Field
  • The present disclosure relates to a surgical staple for use in surgical procedures. More particularly, the present disclosure relates to a surgical staple and a staple assembly configured to accommodate various thicknesses of tissue by assuming a substantially box-shaped configuration upon formation through tissue. The present disclosure also relates to a method of stapling tissues of various thicknesses with a single, uniform size staple.
  • 2. Background of Related Art
  • During various surgical procedures it is often necessary to secure one or more tissue sections together or to secure auxiliary structures such as, for example, mesh, buttress material, etc. to tissue. This is typically accomplished by driving a conventional staple, having a backspan and a pair of legs extending from the backspan, through the tissue and/or through the auxiliary structure. Once the conventional staple has been driven through the tissue, the ends of the legs are engaged with an anvil of the type typically having a pair of arcuate anvil pockets. This engagement causes the ends of the legs to be bent or recurved back towards the tissue to secure the tissue sections together and/or to secure the auxiliary material to the tissue. These bent or recurved portions of the staple legs are the tissue clenching portions of the legs.
  • When attempting to secure relatively thick sections of tissue together or auxiliary material to a relatively thick tissue section, the sizing of the conventional staple is selected to ensure sufficient leg lengths to traverse the tissue. Insufficient leg lengths will result in incomplete stapling of the tissue.
  • Further, when attempting to secure relatively thin sections of tissue together, or auxiliary material to the relatively thin tissue section, the sizing of the conventional staple is selected to ensure that there is not an excess of leg length. Excess leg length may result in the clenching portions of the legs projecting substantially away from the tissue as well as causing the ends of the leg to recurve back into and penetrate the tissue.
  • Therefore, it would be desirable to provide a staple having a leg length sufficient for various tissue thicknesses expected to be encountered.
  • SUMMARY
  • There is disclosed a staple substantially box-shaped and including a backspan and a first leg extending from the backspan. The first leg is divided into a first traversing leg portion and a first substantially linear clenching leg portion by a first bend. A second leg extends from the backspan and is divided into a second traversing leg portion and a second substantially linear clenching leg portion by a second bend. At least one of the first and second substantially linear clenching leg portions is oriented substantially parallel to the backspan. In one embodiment, both the first and second substantially linear clenching leg portions are oriented substantially parallel to the backspan.
  • Preferably, at least one of the first and second traversing leg portions is oriented substantially perpendicular to the backspan. In one embodiment, both the first and second traversing leg portions are oriented substantially perpendicular to the backspan.
  • In one embodiment, a combined length of the first and second clenching leg portions is less than an overall length of the backspan. In an alternative embodiment, the combined length of the first and second clenching leg portions is equal to an overall length of the backspan. In another alternative embodiment, the combined length of the first and second clenching leg portions is greater than an overall length of the backspan.
  • There is also disclosed a staple assembly for use in tissue which generally includes a substantially box-shaped staple having a backspan and first and second legs extending from the backspan. The first leg is divided into a first traversing leg portion and a first substantially linear clenching leg portion by a first bend. The second leg is also divided into a second traversing leg portion and a second substantially linear clenching leg portion by a second bend. A staple plate is positioned on the first and second legs between the backspan and the first and second linear clenching leg portions. At least one of the first and second substantially linear clenching leg portions is oriented substantially parallel to the staple plate.
  • The staple plate preferably has first and second holes to receive the first and second traversing leg portions, respectively. In a preferred embodiment, an overall length of the staple plate is greater than an overall length of the backspan and the distance between the first and second holes is substantially equal to the overall length of the backspan.
  • There is also disclosed a method of forming a substantially box-shaped staple through tissue including the step of providing a substantially box-shaped staple having a backspan, a first leg extending from the backspan and including a first bend zone located between the backspan and a first end of the first leg, and a second leg extending from the backspan and including a second bend zone located between the backspan and a second end of the second leg. The first and second ends of the first and second legs are driven through a tissue section. The first leg is impacted in the first bend zone with a first angled portion of a first anvil to form a first bend within the first bend zone to form a first traversing leg portion and a first substantially linear clenching leg portion.
  • The method may further include the step of impacting the first clenching leg portion with a first finishing surface of the first anvil to orient the first clenching leg portion substantially parallel to the backspan.
  • The method may further include the step of impacting the second leg in the second bend zone with a second angled portion of a second anvil to form a second bend within the second bend zone and dividing the second bend zone into a second traversing leg portion and a second substantially linear clenching leg portion.
  • The second clenching leg portion may be impacted with a second finishing surface of the second anvil to orient the second clenching leg portion substantially parallel to the backspan.
  • In one embodiment of the disclosed method, the first and second ends are driven through tissue such that the backspan engages an upper surface of the tissue.
  • In one embodiment of the disclosed method, a staple plate is positioned over the first and second legs and engages an underside of the tissue prior to the step of impacting the first leg in the first bend zone.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • Embodiments of the presently disclosed staple and staple assembly are disclosed herein with reference to the drawings, wherein:
  • FIG. 1 is a side view, partially shown in section, of one embodiment of a disclosed substantially box staple formed through a pair of tissue sections;
  • FIG. 2 is an end view taken along line 2-2 of FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 3 is a top view taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 4 is a bottom view taken along line 4-4 of FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 5 is a side view, partially shown in section, of the staple of FIG. 1, inserted through the pair of relatively thick tissue sections, immediately prior to formation;
  • FIG. 6 is a side view similar to FIG. 5 during formation of the staple through the pair of relatively thick tissue sections;
  • FIG. 7 is a side view similar to FIG. 6 after formation of the staple through the pair of relatively thick tissue sections;
  • FIG. 8 is perspective view of the fully formed substantially box staple (when formed in relatively thin tissue sections);
  • FIG. 9 is a side view, partially shown in section, of the staple of FIG. 8 formed through a pair of relatively thin tissue sections;
  • FIG. 10 is a top view taken along line 10-10 of FIG. 9;
  • FIG. 11 is an end view taken along line 11-11 of FIG. 9;
  • FIG. 12 is a bottom view taken along line 12-12 of FIG. 9;
  • FIG. 13 is a side view, partially shown in section, of the staple immediately prior to formation through the pair of relatively thin tissue sections;
  • FIG. 14 is a side view similar to FIG. 13 during formation of the staple through the pair of relatively thin tissue sections;
  • FIG. 15 is similar to FIG. 14 after formation of the staple through the pair of relatively thin tissue sections;
  • FIG. 16 is a perspective view of a staple assembly including a substantially box staple and a staple plate;
  • FIG. 17 is a side view, partially shown in section, of the staple assembly formed through a pair of relatively thick tissue sections;
  • FIG. 18 is an end view taken along line 18-18 of FIG. 17;
  • FIG. 19 is a top view taken along line 19-19 of FIG. 17;
  • FIG. 20 is a bottom view taken along line 20-20 of FIG. 17;
  • FIG. 21 is a side view, partially shown in section, of the staple assembly of FIG. 16 immediately prior to formation through the pair of relatively thick tissue sections;
  • FIG. 22 is a side view, similar to FIG. 21, during formation of the staple assembly through the pair of relatively thick tissue sections;
  • FIG. 23 is a side view, similar to FIG. 22, after formation of the staple assembly through the pair of relatively thick tissue sections;
  • FIG. 24 is side view, partially shown in section, of the staple assembly formed through a pair of relatively thin tissue sections;
  • FIG. 25 is a top view taken along line 25-25 of FIG. 24;
  • FIG. 26 is a bottom view taken along line 26-26 of FIG. 24;
  • FIG. 27 is an end view taken along line 27-27 of FIG. 24;
  • FIG. 28 is a side view, partially shown in section, of an alternate embodiment of a staple assembly including a staple and an arcuate staple plate shown formed through a pair of relatively thick tissue sections; and
  • FIG. 29 is a side view, partially shown in section, of the staple assembly of FIG. 28 formed through a pair of relatively thin tissue sections.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS
  • Embodiments of the presently disclosed staple and staple assembly will now be described in detail with reference to the drawings wherein like numerals designate identical or corresponding elements in each of the several views. As is common in the art, the term ‘proximal” refers to that part or component closer to the user or operator, i.e. surgeon or physician, while the term “distal” refers to that part or component further away from the user.
  • Referring to FIG. 1-4, and initially to FIG. 1, there is disclosed an embodiment of a universal staple 10 for use in various thickness of tissues. Staple 10 is substantially box-shaped and has the further advantage of providing uniform pressure against the underside of the tissues stapled as described in more detail hereinbelow. Substantially box-shaped staple 10 generally includes a backspan 12 and first and second legs 14 and 16, respectively, extending from backspan 12. Specifically, a first end 18 of first leg 14 extends downwardly (as viewed in FIG. 1) from a first end 20 of backspan 12 and a second end 22 of second leg 16 extends downwardly from a second end 24 of backspan 12. First leg 14 terminates in a tissue penetrating tip 26 and second leg 16 terminates in a tissue penetrating tip 28. The legs 14 and 16 are shown extending substantially perpendicular to the backspan, although it is also contemplated that the legs 14, 16 can extend from other angles.
  • Substantially box staple 10 is preferably formed from a length of material having a generally rectangular cross-section, although other cross sections are also contemplated. Staple 10 can be formed from any number of biocompatible materials such as, for example, stainless steel, titanium, various malleable plastic materials, various bio-absorbable materials etc. When formed from metallic materials such as stainless steel or titanium, staple 10 can be formed by drawing and cutting a length of metallic wire, stamping box staple 10 from a sheet of metallic material, etc. When staple 10 is formed from a plastic or bio-absorbable material, staple 10 can be formed by injection molding, carving staple 10 from a block of plastic material, etc.
  • As noted above, staple 10 is designed for use in tissues of various thicknesses, such as, for example, relatively thick tissues A and B. In order to accommodate the various thickness tissues without excessive or insufficient compression of tissues A and B, first leg 14 has a first bend zone 30 which extends substantially between first end 18 and tissue penetrating tip 26 of first leg 14. Depending upon the thickness of the tissues encountered, first leg 14 can be bent at any location within bend zone 30 to accommodate those tissues. This is facilitated by the use of a pair of anvils as described in more detail herein below. Second leg 16 also includes a second bend zone 32 which extends substantially between second end 22 and tissue penetrating tip 28 of second leg 16 and can be bent at any location within bend zone 32.
  • When staple 10 is fully formed through relatively thick tissues A and B, backspan 12 provides uniform compression on an upper surface C of relatively thick tissue section A (FIGS. 1 and 3). First leg 14 is formed with a first bend 34 in first transition zone 30 such that first leg 14 is divided into a first, substantially linear traversing leg portion 36 extending through relatively thick tissues A and B (FIG. 1) and a first substantially linear clenching leg portion 38 lying substantially flush with an underside D of relatively thick tissue section B (FIGS. 1 and 4). It should be noted that first bend 34 formed between first traversing leg portion 36 and first clenching leg portion 38 is preferably a substantially sharp or abrupt 90° bend in contrast to the relatively gradually curving bends typically associated with prior art staples. Likewise, second leg 16 is formed with a second bend 40 in second bend zone 32 which divides second leg 16 into a second substantially linear traversing leg portion 42 extending through relatively thick tissue sections A and B (FIGS. 1 and 2) and a second substantially linear clenching leg portion 44 lying substantially flush with underside D of relatively thick tissue section B. (FIGS. 1 and 4). Second bend 40 also preferably forms a relatively sharp or abrupt 90° transition between second traversing leg portion 42 and second clenching like portion 44. By maintaining first and second clenching leg portions 38 and 44 in a relatively linear or straight configuration against underside D of relatively thick tissue section B, first clenching leg portion 38 and second clenching leg portion 44 maintain a uniform compression against underside D without the associated pinching or tip penetration of underside D.
  • As best shown in FIG. 1, when staple 10 is formed through relatively thick tissue sections A and B, the length L1 of backspan 12 is preferably greater than or equal to the combined lengths L2 and L3 of first and second linear clenching leg portions 38 and 44, respectively.
  • Referring now to FIGS. 5-7, and initially with respect to FIG. 5, the use and formation of staple 10 with relatively thick tissue sections A and B will now be described. Initially, the dimensions of staple 10 are preferably chosen such that legs 14 and 16 have overall lengths L4 and L5 which are substantially greater than the anticipated combined thicknesses of any tissues to be encountered. Furthermore, each of the overall lengths L4 and L5 of first and second legs 14 and 16, respectively, is preferably greater than half the overall length L1 of backspan 12. This ensures sufficient leg length to traverse and secure both relatively thick and thin tissue sections. Staple 10 is initially driven through relatively thick tissue sections A and B by engaging backspan 12 with a staple driver (not shown) thereby driving first and second tissue penetrating tips 26 and 28, respectively, through tissue sections A and B.
  • Referring to FIG. 6, thereafter, a pair of anvils, such as, for example, first and second driven anvils 50 and 52, are driven laterally against first and second staple legs 14 and 16 to form staple 10 through relatively thick tissue sections A and B. First and second driven anvils 50 and 52 generally include respective first and second angled surfaces 54 and 56 and respective first and second finishing surfaces 58 and 60. First and second angled surfaces 54 and 56 are provided to initially impact or impinge against first and second legs 14 and 16 within the respective first and second bend zones 30 and 32 to initially create first and second bends 34 and 40. This divides first bend zone 30 of first leg 14 into first traversing leg portion 36 and first linear clenching leg portion 38. Similarly, this divides second bend zone 32 into second traversing leg portion 42 and second linear clenching leg portion 44.
  • Referring to FIG. 7, as first and second anvils 50 and 52 are driven to the final position, first and second linear clenching leg portions 38 and 44 are engaged by relatively linear finishing surfaces 58 and 60 of driven anvils 50 and 52, respectively, such that first and second linear clenching leg portions 38 and 44 are brought substantially flush into engagement with underside D of relatively thick tissue section B. As noted hereinabove, when substantially box staple 10 is used in relatively thin tissue sections, the combined lengths L2 and L3 of first and second clenching leg portions 38 and 44, respectively, are substantially less than or equal to the overall length L1 of backspan 12.
  • Referring now to FIGS. 8-12, and initially with regard to FIG. 8, substantially box staple 10 is illustrated in the configuration it assumes when used through a pair of relatively thin tissue sections. Specifically, when staple 10 is formed through relatively thin tissue sections, each of the lengths L2 and L3 of respective first and second linear clenching leg portions 38 and 44 are almost equal to or greater than the overall length L1 of backspan 12.
  • As shown in FIG. 9, first and second traversing leg portions 36 and 42 pass through thin tissue sections E and F. First and second linear clenching leg portions 38 and 44 preferably lie substantially parallel to and substantially flush with tissue section F. As best shown in FIG. 10, backspan 12 engages an upper surface G of tissue section E while first and second linear clenching leg portions 38 and 44 engage an underside surface H of tissue G.
  • As best shown in FIGS. 8, 11 and 12, the excess lengths of first and second clenching leg portions 38 and 44 are accommodated by allowing them to lie in substantially parallel relation (side by side) to each other against underside F of tissue H. Thus, staple 10 functions as a universal staple suitable for use with both thick and thin tissue sections without risk of penetrating the tissue sections with first and second tissue penetrating tips 26 and 28 of respective first and second legs 14 and 16.
  • Referring now to FIGS. 13-15, in order to form staple 10 through pair of relatively thin tissue sections E and F, staple 10 is initially driven through tissue sections E and F. Thereafter, driven anvils 50 and 52 impact staple legs 14 and 16 to initially begin to bend staple legs 14 and 16. As shown in FIG. 14, angled faces 54 and 56 of driven staples 50 and 52 initially form bends 34 and 40 to create respective first and second traversing leg portions 36 and 42 and first and second linear clenching leg portions 38 and 44. Thereafter, with reference to FIG. 15, finishing surfaces 58 and 60 of driven anvils 50 and 52 engage first and second linear clenching leg portions 38 and 44 to form first and second linear clenching leg portions 38 and 44 against underside H of tissue F and, substantially parallel to backspan 12. Thus, staple 10 is particularly suited for use with relatively thin tissue sections such that first and second linear clenching leg portions 38 and 44 lie substantially flush against the tissue to be stapled.
  • Referring now to FIGS. 16-20, and initially with regard to FIG. 16 there is disclosed an alternate embodiment having a staple assembly 70 including a substantially box-shaped staple 10 and a pledget or staple plate 72. Staple plate 72 increases the surface area engaging a tissue being stapled as well as protecting the tissue from engagement with staple legs 14 and 16 upon crimping of staple 10 about tissue. Staple 10 is as described herein above including backspan 12 and legs 14 and 16 extending from backspan 12.
  • Staple plate 72 is substantially rectangular as shown (although other shapes are also contemplated) having first and second holes 74 and 76 adjacent first and second ends 78 and 80, respectively. First and second holes 74 and 76 are configured and dimensioned to receive first and second legs 14 and 16 of staple 10 therethrough. Staple plate 72 has an overall length L7 which is preferably greater than the length L1 of backspan 12 (FIG. 1). Additionally, the spacing or length L6 between holes 74 and 76 is preferably substantially identical to the length L1 of backspan 12 as the legs 14 and 16 are preferably substantially perpendicular thereto. Other lengths are also contemplated.
  • As best shown in FIGS. 17 and 18, staple assembly 70 is provided to secure a pair of tissue sections, such as, for example, tissue sections I and J. Backspan 12 engages an upper surface K of tissue section I (FIG. 19) while an upper surface 82 of staple plate 72 engages a lower surface L of tissue section J (FIG. 20).
  • Referring to FIG. 20, as noted above, staple plate 72 protects tissue section J from engagement with first and second clenching leg portions 38 and 44 of first and second legs 14 and 16, respectively. Specifically, upon formation of staple 10 through tissue sections I and J, staple plate 72 is interposed between tissue section J and first and second clenching leg portions 38 and 44.
  • Referring to FIGS. 21-23, the use of staple assembly 70 to secure a pair of relatively thick tissue sections I and J together will now be described. With reference to FIG. 21, initially, staple 10 is driven by a staple driver (not shown) toward tissue sections I and J such that first and second legs 14 and 16 penetrate tissue sections I and J until backspan 12 engages upper surface K of tissue section I. Staple plate 72 is positioned against undersurface K of tissue section J and legs 14 and 16 are extended through holes 74 and 76 of staple plate 72. This brings upper surface 82 of staple plate 72 into engagement with undersurface K of tissue section J.
  • With reference to FIGS. 21 and 22, thereafter, first and second driven anvils 50 and 52 are moved inwardly toward first and second legs 14 and 16. Upon engagement of first and second angled surfaces 54 and 56 with first and second legs 14 and 16, first and second legs 14 and 16 are initially bent within respective bend zones 30 and 32 to form first and second bends 34 and 40 within first and second legs 14 and 16. As noted here in above, first bend 34 divides first leg 14 into first traversing leg portion 36 and first linear clenching leg portion 38 while second bend 40 divides second leg 16 into second traversing leg portion 42 and second linear clenching leg portion 44. Notably, the extension of first and second legs 14 and 16 through first and second holes 74 and 76 in staple plate 72 facilitate forming bends 74 and 76 at substantially right angles relative to first and second traversing leg portions 36 and 38 of first and second legs 14 and 16, respectively.
  • Finally, with reference to FIG. 23, engagement of first and second finishing surfaces 58 and 60 of the first and second driven anvils 50 and 52 with first and second linear clenching leg portions 38 and 44 serve to secure first and second linear clenching leg portions 38 and 44 against underside 84 of staple plate 72 thereby securing staple plate 84 against underside L of tissue section J.
  • Referring now to FIGS. 24-27, the use of staple assembly 70 to secure a pair of relatively thin tissue sections, such as, for example, tissue sections M and N will now be described. The method disclosed herein with respect to relatively thin tissue sections M and N is substantially identical to the method disclosed herein above with respect to relatively thick tissue sections I and J. Initially, with reference to FIG. 24, staple 10 is driven by a staple driver (not shown) such that first and second legs 14 and 16 are driven through tissue sections M and N until backspan 12 engages an upper surface O of tissue section M (FIG. 25). Further movement of the staple driver drives first and second legs 14 and 16 through holes 74 and 76 of staple plate 72. Thereafter, first and second driven anvils 50 and 52 (FIGS. 21-23) are moved toward each other as described above to form first and second linear clenching leg portions 38 and 44 against underside 84 of staple plate 72 (FIG. 26).
  • As best shown in FIGS. 26 and 27, similar to that disclosed hereinabove with respect to staple 10 in FIGS. 11 and 12, first and second linear clenching leg portions 38 and 44 are in a side-by-side and overlapping relation with respect to each other due to the excess lengths of legs 14 and 16 when used through relatively thin tissue sections M and N. In this manner, the provision of substantially box staple 10 having first and second legs 14 and 16 with overall lengths almost equal to or greater then at least the overall length of backspan 12 allows staple 10 to function as a universal staple suitable for use with various thicknesses of tissue. As noted hereinabove, the provision of staple plate 72 provides additional surface bearing area against the tissue section while facilitating forming an abrupt 90° bend within first and second legs 14 and 16.
  • Referring now to FIGS. 28 and 29, while staple plate 72 has been disclosed for use with staple 10, staple plate 72 may be formed of a material which allows staple plate 72 to be used with a staple 90 similar to staple 10 in situations wherein staple 90 is formed with conventional anvils. As used herein, the term “conventional anvils” refers to those anvils having arcuate anvil pockets resulting in arcuate rather than linear clenching leg portions in the formed staple.
  • For example, with reference to FIG. 28, staple 90 includes a backspan 92 having first and second legs 94 and 96 extending from backspan 92. In use, staple 90 is driven through relatively thick tissue sections Q and R resulting in first and second traversing leg portions 98 and 100 extending through tissue sections Q and R while backspan 92 engages an upper surface S of tissue section Q. First and second legs 94 and 96 are extended through holes 74 and 76 in staple plate 72 and are clenched against staple plate 72 by arcuate anvil pockets formed in an anvil associated with a conventional stapler (not shown).
  • Similarly, with reference to FIG. 29, when used in conjunction with relatively thin tissue sections U and V, backspan 92 engages an upper surface W of tissue section U while traversing leg portions 98 and 100 extend through tissue sections U and V. Staple plate 72 bears against an undersurface X of tissue section V. First and second clenching leg portions 102 and 104 of first and second legs 94 and 96 are formed into a roughly arcuate overlapping relation due to the excess length of legs 94 and 96.
  • As shown in FIGS. 28 and 29, staple plate 104 is preferably curved, thereby an arcuate top surface of the plate abuts the bottom surface of the tissue section R or V.
  • It will be understood that various modifications may be made to the embodiments disclosed herein. For example, the legs of the disclosed substantially box staple may be heat treated at specific points to facilitate the formation of the abrupt 90° bend between the traversing portion of the leg and the linear clenching portion of the leg. Further, alternative embodiments of anvils may be provided to form the substantially right angle within their respective legs. Additionally, the disclosed staple may be formed from a shape memory alloy such that the substantially right angle between the traversing leg portion and the substantially linear clenching leg portion is formed at a predetermined location along the length of the leg. Also curved or planar plates can be used with the embodiments of the staple disclosed herein. Therefore, the above description should not be construed as limiting, but merely as exemplifications of particular embodiments. Those skilled in the art will envision other modifications within the scope and spirit of the claims appended hereto.

Claims (20)

1. A substantially box-shaped staple for use in tissue comprising:
a backspan;
a first leg extending from the backspan, the first leg being divided into a first traversing leg portion and a first substantially linear clenching leg portion by a first bend; and
a second leg extending from the backspan, the second leg being divided into a second traversing leg portion and a second substantially linear clenching leg portion by a second bend, wherein at least one of the first and second substantially linear clenching leg portions is oriented substantially parallel to the backspan.
2. The staple as recited in claim 1, wherein both the first and second linear clenching leg portions are oriented substantially parallel to the backspan.
3. The staple as recited in claim 1, wherein at least one of the first and second traversing leg portions is oriented substantially perpendicular to the backspan.
4. The staple as recited in claim 3, wherein both the first and second traversing leg portions are oriented substantially perpendicular to the backspan.
5. The staple as recited in claim 1, wherein a combined length of the first and second clenching leg portions is less than an overall length of the backspan.
6. The staple as recited in claim 1, wherein a combined length of the first and second clenching leg portions is equal to an overall length of the backspan.
7. The staple as recited in claim 1, wherein a combined length of the first and second clenching leg portions is greater than an overall length of the backspan.
8. A substantially box-shaped staple assembly for use in tissue comprising:
a backspan;
a first leg extending from the backspan, the first leg being divided into a first traversing leg portion and a first substantially linear clenching leg portion by a first bend;
a second leg extending from the backspan, the second leg being divided into a second traversing leg portion and a second substantially linear clenching leg portion by a second bend; and
a staple plate positioned on the first and second legs between the backspan and the first and second clenching leg portions, wherein at least one of the first and second substantially linear clenching leg portions is oriented substantially parallel to the staple plate.
9. The staple assembly as recited in claim 8, wherein the staple plate has first and second holes to receive the first and second traversing leg portions respectively.
10. The staple assembly as recited in claim 8, wherein an overall length of the staple plate is greater than an overall length of the backspan.
11. The staple assembly as recited in claim 9, wherein the distance between the first and second holes is substantially equal to an overall length of the backspan.
12. The method as recited in claim 9, wherein the staple plate has an arcuate top surface.
13. A method of forming a substantially box-shaped staple through tissue comprising:
providing a substantially box-shaped staple having a backspan, a first leg extending from the backspan and including a first bend zone located between the backspan and a first end of the first leg, and a second leg extending from the backspan and including a second bend zone located between the backspan and a second end of the second leg;
driving the first and second ends of the first and second legs through a tissue section; and
impacting the first leg in the first bend zone with a first angled portion of a first anvil to form a first bend within the first bend zone to form a first traversing leg portion and a-first substantially linear clenching leg portion.
14. The method as recited in claim 13, further comprising the step of impacting the first substantially linear clenching leg portion with a first finishing surface of the first anvil to orient the first substantially linear clenching leg portion substantially parallel to the backspan.
15. The method as recited in claim 14, further comprising the step of impacting the second leg in the second bend zone with a second angled portion of a second anvil to form a second bend within the second bend zone to form a second traversing leg portion and a second substantially linear clenching leg portion.
16. The method as recited in claim 15, further comprising the step of impacting the second linear clenching leg portion with a second finishing surface of the second anvil to orient the second substantially linear clenching leg portion substantially parallel to the backspan.
17. The method as recited in claim 13, wherein the first and second ends are driven through tissue such that the backspan engages an upper surface of the tissue.
18. The method as recited in claim 14, further comprising the step of positioning a staple plate over the first and second legs and into engagement with an underside of the tissue prior to the step of impacting the first leg in the first bend zone.
19. The method as recited in claim 18, wherein the first substantially linear clenching leg portion is oriented substantially parallel to the staple plate.
20. The method as recited in claim 18, wherein the staple plate has an arcuate surface.
US12/486,819 2008-07-23 2009-06-18 Staple for use in surgical procedures Abandoned US20100023052A1 (en)

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US12/486,819 US20100023052A1 (en) 2008-07-23 2009-06-18 Staple for use in surgical procedures
CA2671072A CA2671072C (en) 2008-07-23 2009-07-02 Staple for use in surgical procedures
EP09251793.7A EP2147641B1 (en) 2008-07-23 2009-07-15 Staple for use in surgical procedures
US13/450,753 US8579938B2 (en) 2008-07-23 2012-04-19 Staple for use in surgical procedures
US14/049,694 US9693771B2 (en) 2008-07-23 2013-10-09 Method of forming a staple for use in surgical procedures

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US8579938B2 (en) 2013-11-12
EP2147641B1 (en) 2013-04-10
US9693771B2 (en) 2017-07-04
CA2671072C (en) 2016-10-11
EP2147641A1 (en) 2010-01-27
CA2671072A1 (en) 2010-01-23
US20140039550A1 (en) 2014-02-06
US20120203274A1 (en) 2012-08-09

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