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US20090236395A1 - Rotating Knob Locking Mechanism For Surgical Stapling Device - Google Patents

Rotating Knob Locking Mechanism For Surgical Stapling Device Download PDF

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Publication number
US20090236395A1
US20090236395A1 US12478364 US47836409A US2009236395A1 US 20090236395 A1 US20090236395 A1 US 20090236395A1 US 12478364 US12478364 US 12478364 US 47836409 A US47836409 A US 47836409A US 2009236395 A1 US2009236395 A1 US 2009236395A1
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
member
locking
stapling
assembly
surgical
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
US12478364
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US8424737B2 (en )
Inventor
Paul A. Scirica
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Covidien LP
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Covidien LP
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/068Surgical staplers, e.g. containing multiple staples or clamps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/068Surgical staplers, e.g. containing multiple staples or clamps
    • A61B17/072Surgical staplers, e.g. containing multiple staples or clamps for applying a row of staples in a single action, e.g. the staples being applied simultaneously
    • A61B17/07207Surgical staplers, e.g. containing multiple staples or clamps for applying a row of staples in a single action, e.g. the staples being applied simultaneously the staples being applied sequentially
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/28Surgical forceps
    • A61B17/29Forceps for use in minimally invasive surgery
    • A61B17/2909Handles
    • A61B2017/2912Handles transmission of forces to actuating rod or piston
    • A61B2017/2923Toothed members, e.g. rack and pinion
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/28Surgical forceps
    • A61B17/29Forceps for use in minimally invasive surgery
    • A61B2017/2926Details of heads or jaws
    • A61B2017/2927Details of heads or jaws the angular position of the head being adjustable with respect to the shaft
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/28Surgical forceps
    • A61B17/29Forceps for use in minimally invasive surgery
    • A61B2017/2926Details of heads or jaws
    • A61B2017/2927Details of heads or jaws the angular position of the head being adjustable with respect to the shaft
    • A61B2017/2929Details of heads or jaws the angular position of the head being adjustable with respect to the shaft with a head rotatable about the longitudinal axis of the shaft
    • A61B2017/293Details of heads or jaws the angular position of the head being adjustable with respect to the shaft with a head rotatable about the longitudinal axis of the shaft with means preventing relative rotation between the shaft and the actuating rod
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/28Surgical forceps
    • A61B17/29Forceps for use in minimally invasive surgery
    • A61B2017/2946Locking means

Abstract

A surgical stapling device having a rotating knob locking mechanism, and a method of using the surgical stapling device is disclosed. The surgical stapling device includes a housing, an actuation member, an elongated body portion rotatably supported on the housing, and a locking mechanism for preventing the rotation of the elongate body portion, the locking mechanism being automatically engaged upon actuation of the actuation member. The stapling device further includes a knob for rotating the elongated body portion. The locking mechanism includes a pivotably mounted member configured to engage the knob. The stapling device may further include an articulating tool assembly and an articulation lever for articulating the tool assembly. The articulation lever may be disposed on the knob for rotating the elongated body portion.

Description

    BACKGROUND
  • [0001]
    1. Technical Field
  • [0002]
    The present disclosure relates to a surgical stapling device having a rotatable stapling head for applying staples to tissue. More particularly, the disclosure relates to a surgical stapling device having a locking mechanism for preventing the rotation of the stapling head.
  • [0003]
    2. Background of Related Art
  • [0004]
    Surgical devices for grasping or clamping tissue between opposed jaw structures of a tool assembly and thereafter fastening the clamped tissue are known in the art. U.S. Patent Application No. 2004/0232201, the disclosure of which is incorporated by reference in its entirety, discloses such a surgical stapling device.
  • [0005]
    Laparoscopic and/or endoscopic surgical procedures are performed through a small incision or through a narrow cannula inserted through a small entrance wound in a patient. In conventional or open procedures, surgeons directly access an operative site. Because of reduced patient trauma, shortened patient recovery periods and substantial reduction in overall cost, laparoscopic procedures are preferred over open procedures. In order to address the specific needs of endoscopic and/or laparoscopic surgical procedures, endoscopic surgical stapling devices have been developed which provide a surgeon with greater manipulability of the stapling head of the surgical device.
  • [0006]
    The stapling head of a surgical device for use in endoscopic and/or laparoscopic procedures is mounted on the distal end of an elongate shaft, permitting the stapling head to be inserted through the small incision or narrow cannula. The proximal end of the elongated shaft is rotatably supported by the stapler handle. The ability to rotate the elongate shaft allows the surgeon to selectively orient the stapling head to better grasp or engage tissue. Typically, these stapling devices include a knob positioned about the proximal end of the elongate shaft to provide a gripping means for rotatably orienting the stapling head. Tyco Healthcare Group, LP has manufactured and marketed endoscopic stapling instruments including a rotating knob, such as the MULTIFIRE ENDO GIA *30, MULTIFIRE ENDO GIA *60 and ENDO GIA *Universal for several years. These instruments have provided significant clinical benefits to the field of endoscopic surgery.
  • [0007]
    It would be beneficial to have a surgical stapling device that includes a locking mechanism for preventing the rotation of the stapling head once the surgeon has oriented the stapling head in the desired location.
  • SUMMARY
  • [0008]
    According to an aspect of the present disclosure, a surgical stapling device having a rotating knob locking mechanism is provided. The surgical stapling device includes a housing, an actuation member, an elongated body portion rotatably supported on the housing, and a locking mechanism for preventing the rotation of the elongate body portion, the locking mechanism being automatically engaged upon actuation of the actuation member. The locking mechanism of the surgical stapling device includes a pivotably mounted member configured to engage the knob.
  • [0009]
    The surgical stapling device further includes a knob for rotating the elongated body portion and may include an articulating tool assembly. An articulation member may be included for articulating the tool assembly. The articulation member is disposed on the knob that is used to rotate the elongated body portion.
  • [0010]
    The surgical stapling device further includes a handle assembly. The handle assembly includes a handle operably connected to the actuation member. The triggering of the handle engages the locking mechanism. Conversely, release of the handle disengages the locking mechanism. The locking mechanism of the surgical stapler is automatically disengaged upon release of the actuation member.
  • [0011]
    In another embodiment, a surgical stapling device includes a handle assembly including an actuation member, an elongated body member rotatably supported on the handle assembly, and a locking means for preventing the rotation of the elongated body member upon actuation of said actuation member. The surgical stapling device includes a knob for rotating the elongated body portion and an articuable tool assembly on the distal end of the elongated body portion.
  • [0012]
    In another embodiment, the handle assembly further includes a handle operably connected to the actuation member. The movement of the trigger engages the locking mechanism. The locking mechanism includes a pivotably mounted member configured to engage the knob. The pivotably mounted member may comprise any shape including a flat pad, cylinder or square, and may also include an o-ring or a rough surface for frictionally engaging the knob.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0013]
    The foregoing objects and advantages of the present invention may be more readily understood by one skilled in the art with reference being had to the following detailed description of preferred embodiments thereof, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:
  • [0014]
    FIG. 1 is a side view of a surgical stapling device having a rotating knob locking mechanism in accordance with the present disclosure;
  • [0015]
    FIG. 2 is a top view of the surgical stapling device of FIG. 1;
  • [0016]
    FIG. 3 is a partial cross-sectional side view of the surgical stapling device of FIGS. 1-2;
  • [0017]
    FIG. 4 is a perspective side view of the locking mechanism of the surgical stapling device shown FIGS. 1-3, in an disengaged and unlocked position;
  • [0018]
    FIG. 5 is a perspective side view of the locking mechanism in FIG. 4, in an engaged and locked position;
  • [0019]
    FIG. 6 is a side view of an alternate embodiment of a surgical stapling device having a rotating locking mechanism in accordance with the present disclosure;
  • [0020]
    FIG. 7 is a side view of the surgical stapling device of FIG. 6 oriented in a second configuration; and
  • [0021]
    FIG. 8 is a partial cross-sectional side view of the stapling device of FIGS. 6-7.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • [0022]
    Preferred embodiments of the presently disclosed surgical stapling device will now be described in detail with reference to the drawings in which like reference numerals designate identical or corresponding elements in each of the several views. In the description that follows, the term “proximal”, as is traditional, will refer to the end of the stapling device which is closest to the operator, while the term “distal” will refer to the end of the device which is furthest from the operator.
  • [0023]
    FIGS. 1-5 illustrate one preferred embodiment of the presently disclosed surgical stapling device shown generally as 10. It is appreciated that surgical stapling devices are well known in the art and may include any number of various features depending on the application. As such, surgical stapling device 10 will only be described in detail as relates to the locking mechanism of the present disclosure.
  • [0024]
    Referring now to FIGS. 1 and 2, surgical stapling device 10 includes a handle assembly 12 and an elongated body 14. Handle assembly 12 includes a stationary handle member 26, a movable handle or trigger 28 and a barrel portion 30. Handle assembly 12 further includes housing 38 and is preferably formed from plastic molded housing half-sections 38 a and 38 b. Alternately, other materials may be used to form the housing including metals, e.g., stainless steel. Housing 38 forms stationary handle 26 and barrel portion 30 of handle assembly 12. Movable handle 28 is rotatably supported between housing half-sections 38 a and 38 b. A rotatable member or knob 32 is rotatably mounted to the forward end of barrel portion 30 and secured to the proximal end 14 b of elongated body member 14. Rotatable member 32 is configured to facilitate rotation of elongated body member 14 in relation to handle assembly 12. Rotatable member 32 is preferably formed from plastic molded member half-sections 32 a and 32 b. Rotatable member 32 may further be grooved or knurled to facilitate gripping. A tool assembly 20 is supported on distal end 16 a of elongated body 16. Tool assembly 20 includes a cartridge assembly 22 and an anvil assembly 24.
  • [0025]
    Referring now to FIG. 3, handle assembly 12 further includes an actuation mechanism 40 operably connected to movable handle 28. Actuation mechanism 40 includes a spring loaded pawl 44 configured to engage and advance a toothed rack 60 when movable handle 28 is operated. Toothed rack 60 is operably connected to the proximal end 58 a of a firing rod 58. Firing rod 58 extends the length of elongated body 14. The distal end of firing rod 58 is configured to operably connect with tool assembly 20 (FIG. 2). In alternate embodiments, firing rod 58 and elongated body 14 may include more than one section, and may further include one or more articulating joints.
  • [0026]
    Handle assembly 12 further includes a locking mechanism 50. Locking mechanism 50 includes a locking member 52 and an engagement member 53 supported on a distal end 52 a of locking member 52. The engagement member 53 may comprise an o-ring, or other resilient or frictional member of any shape capable of engaging rotatable member 32. The proximal end 52 b of locking member 52 is pivotally mounted to housing 38 about point 50 a within barrel portion 30 of handle assembly 12. Distal end 52 a of locking member 50 extends from within barrel portion 30 into rotatable member 32. Rotatable member 32 is configured to receive distal end 52 a of locking member 52, including o-ring 53. Locking member 52 is configured to be engaged by the distal end 60 a of toothed rack 60 during operation of moveable handle 28. A proximal end 52 b of locking member 52 includes a cam surface for engagement by distal end 60 a of toothed rack 60.
  • [0027]
    Referring now to FIGS. 4 and 5, locking mechanism 50 is maintained in an unlocked position (FIG. 4) prior to actuation of stapling device 10. When locking mechanism 50 is in an unlocked position rotatable member 32 may be freely rotated. In this manner, tool assembly 20 located on distal end 14 a of elongated body 14 may be oriented such that cartridge assembly 22 and anvil assembly 24 are in better orientation for grasping the tissue to be stapled.
  • [0028]
    Upon operation of movable handle 28, actuation mechanism 40 advances toothed rack 60. Advancement of toothed rack 60 causes distal end 60 a of toothed rack 60 to engage the cam surface on the proximal end 52 b of locking member 52 (FIG. 5). Engagement with toothed rack 60 causes locking member 52 to pivot about point 50 a. In this manner, o-ring 53 supported on distal end 52 a of locking member 52 is pressed into the inner surface of rotating member 32, frictionally engaging rotatable member 32. In the locked or engaged position, locking mechanism 50 provides resistance to the rotation of rotatable member 32.
  • [0029]
    Actuation member 40 may be configured such that a release of movable handle 28 causes the retraction of toothed rack 60. For example, toothed rack 60 may be biased in a proximal direction. In an alternate embodiment, toothed rack 60 may be attached to retraction knobs (not show), for retraction of toothed rack 60 manually. The retraction of toothed rack 60 causes distal end 60 a of toothed rack 60 to disengage from locking member 52. The disengagement of locking member 52 from toothed rack 60 permits distal end 52 a, including o-ring 53, of locking member 52 to pivot away from rotatable member 32. A biasing member, such as a spring, may be used to facilitate such disengagement. In this manner, rotatable member 32 may once again be freely rotated.
  • [0030]
    During a surgical procedure, stapling device 10 may be used by a surgeon to rotationally manipulate tissue grasped between cartridge assembly 22 and anvil assembly 24. By partially triggering movable handle 28, a surgeon may engage locking mechanism 50 while grasping tissue between cartridge assembly 22 and anvil assembly 24 without discharging the staples. As described above, engagement of locking mechanism 50 provides resistance to the rotation of rotatable member 32. By locking rotatable member 32, the entire stapling device 10 locked in a fixed position and any rotation of handle assembly 12 by the surgeon is directly translated to tool assembly 20. In this manner, the surgeon may use stapling device 10 as surgical forceps to manipulate the tissue grasped between cartridge assembly 22 and anvil assembly 24. Upon release of movable handle 28 the tissue grasped between cartridge assembly 22 and anvil assembly 24 is released and locking mechanism 50 is disengaged. Manipulation of the tissue using stapling device 10 as surgical forceps may be repeated as necessary.
  • [0031]
    In an alternative embodiment of the present disclosure, the locking member is configured to engage one or more notches defined in the rotatable member so that, as the toothed rack is advanced, the locking member is received in a notch, preventing rotation of the rotatable member.
  • [0032]
    Referring now to FIGS. 6-8, in an alternate embodiment of the present disclosure a surgical stapling device 10′ further includes an articulating tool assembly 20′. Tool assembly 20′ is rotated, as described above, using a rotatable member 32′. Articulation of tool assembly 20′ is controlled using an articulation member 33′ operably disposed on rotatable member 32′.
  • [0033]
    During a surgical procedure, prior to grasping the tissue to be manipulated and/or stapled, tool assembly 20′ of stapling device 10′ may be rotated using rotatable member 32′ and/or articulated with articulation member 33′ to better orient tool assembly 20′ for engagement of the tissue. Once tool assembly 20′ has been properly oriented, triggering of movable handle 28′ results in the engagement of locking mechanism 50′ with rotatable member 32′ as described above. Locking mechanism 50′ (FIG. 8) may be engaged regardless of the rotation or articulation of tool assembly 20′. As described above, locking mechanism 32′ provides resistance to, or prevents the rotation of tool assembly 20′ while movable handle 28′ is triggered. Upon return of movable handle 28′ to a released or untriggered position, locking mechanism 32′ is unlocked or disengaged, and tool assembly 20′ is once again freely rotatable.
  • [0034]
    It is appreciated that the locking mechanism of the present disclosure may further be incorporated into any number of devices having a rotating shaft, including endoscopic forceps, graspers, hemostats, shears, clamps, etc. It is should also be understood that various changes in form, detail and operation of the rotating knob locking mechanism of the present disclosure may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present disclosure. For example, the locking member may include a resilient or frictionally engaging material to provide resistance to the rotation knob against rotating in other embodiments, the locking member comprises a feature for engaging one or a series of notches in the rotation knob to lock the knob in a predetermined position.

Claims (9)

  1. 1-18. (canceled)
  2. 19. A surgical stapling instrument, comprising:
    a handle assembly having a movable handle;
    a tool assembly having a plurality of surgical staples;
    an elongate shaft defining a longitudinal axis, the elongate shaft mounted with the handle assembly for rotation of the elongate shaft about the longitudinal axis;
    a firing member extending through the elongate shaft and being advanced when the movable handle is moved in a first direction to fire the surgical staples from the tool assembly; and
    a pivotable locking member having a surface for engagement by the firing member when the movable handle is moved in the first direction and a distal end that moves into engagement with the elongate shaft when the surface is engaged by the firing member.
  3. 20. The surgical stapling instrument according to claim 19, wherein the distal end of the locking member has an o-ring.
  4. 21. The surgical stapling instrument according to claim 19, wherein the elongate shaft includes a rotatable member attached to the elongate shaft so that rotation of the rotatable member rotates the elongate shaft.
  5. 22. The surgical stapling instrument according to claim 21, wherein the locking member has a proximal end defining a pivot and the surface of the locking member defines a cam surface.
  6. 23. The surgical stapling instrument according to claim 21, wherein the firing member cams the pivotable locking member into engagement with a surface on the elongate shaft.
  7. 24. The surgical stapling instrument according to claim 21, wherein the rotatable member defines a notch and the locking member engages the notch when the surface is engaged by the firing member.
  8. 25. The surgical stapling instrument according to claim 19, wherein the firing member comprises a toothed rack.
  9. 26. The surgical stapling instrument according to claim 25, wherein the movable handle includes a pawl for engaging and disengaging the toothed rack.
US12478364 2006-09-11 2009-06-04 Rotating knob locking mechanism for surgical stapling device Active 2026-12-19 US8424737B2 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

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US11520343 US8794496B2 (en) 2006-09-11 2006-09-11 Rotating knob locking mechanism for surgical stapling device
US12478364 US8424737B2 (en) 2006-09-11 2009-06-04 Rotating knob locking mechanism for surgical stapling device

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

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US12478364 US8424737B2 (en) 2006-09-11 2009-06-04 Rotating knob locking mechanism for surgical stapling device
US13847849 US9295467B2 (en) 2006-09-11 2013-03-20 Rotating knob locking mechanism for surgical stapling device

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US11520343 Continuation US8794496B2 (en) 2006-09-11 2006-09-11 Rotating knob locking mechanism for surgical stapling device

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US13847849 Continuation US9295467B2 (en) 2006-09-11 2013-03-20 Rotating knob locking mechanism for surgical stapling device

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US20090236395A1 true true US20090236395A1 (en) 2009-09-24
US8424737B2 US8424737B2 (en) 2013-04-23

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US11520343 Active 2028-06-06 US8794496B2 (en) 2006-09-11 2006-09-11 Rotating knob locking mechanism for surgical stapling device
US12478364 Active 2026-12-19 US8424737B2 (en) 2006-09-11 2009-06-04 Rotating knob locking mechanism for surgical stapling device
US13847849 Active 2028-05-22 US9295467B2 (en) 2006-09-11 2013-03-20 Rotating knob locking mechanism for surgical stapling device

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EP (1) EP1897502B1 (en)
JP (2) JP5237597B2 (en)
CA (1) CA2600237C (en)
DE (1) DE602007008178D1 (en)
ES (1) ES2348481T3 (en)

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